The Finite Difference Modelling of Earthquake Motions

The Finite Difference Modelling of Earthquake Motions
Author: Peter Moczo,Jozef Kristek,Martin Gális
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 383
Release: 2014-04-24
ISBN 10: 1107028817
ISBN 13: 9781107028814
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Finite Difference Modelling of Earthquake Motions Book Review:

"Numerical simulation is an irreplaceable tool in earthquake ground motion research. Among all the numerical methods in seismology, the finite-difference (FD) technique is the most widely-used, providing the best balance of accuracy and computational efficiency. Now, for the first time, this book offers a comprehensive introduction to this method and its applications to earthquake motion"--

Best Practices in Physics based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations

Best Practices in Physics based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations
Author: Luis A. Dalguer,Yoshimitsu Fukushima,Kojiro Irikura,Changjiang Wu
Publsiher: Birkhäuser
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2017-12-20
ISBN 10: 3319727095
ISBN 13: 9783319727097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Best Practices in Physics based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations Book Review:

This volume collects several extended articles from the first workshop on Best Practices in Physics-based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations (BestPSHANI). Held in 2015, the workshop was organized by the IAEA to disseminate the use of physics-based fault-rupture models for ground motion prediction in seismic hazard assessments (SHA). The book also presents a number of new contributions on topics ranging from the seismological aspects of earthquake cycle simulations for source scaling evaluation, seismic source characterization, source inversion and physics-based ground motion modeling to engineering applications of simulated ground motion for the analysis of seismic response of structures. Further, it includes papers describing current practices for assessing seismic hazard in terms of nuclear safety in low seismicity areas, and proposals for physics-based hazard assessment for critical structures near large earthquakes. The papers validate and verify the models by comparing synthetic results with observed data and empirical models. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, engineers, students and practitioners involved in all aspects of SHA.

High Performance Computing

High Performance Computing
Author: Julian M. Kunkel,Rio Yokota,Pavan Balaji,David Keyes
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2017-06-09
ISBN 10: 331958667X
ISBN 13: 9783319586670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Performance Computing Book Review:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 32nd International Conference, ISC High Performance 2017, held in Frankfurt, Germany, in June 2017. The 22 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 66 submissions. The papers cover the following topics: applications and algorithms; proxy applications; architecture and system optimization; and energy-aware computing.

Integral Equations Boundary Value Problems and Related Problems

Integral Equations  Boundary Value Problems and Related Problems
Author: Xing Li
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9814452882
ISBN 13: 9789814452885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integral Equations Boundary Value Problems and Related Problems Book Review:

In this volume, we report new results about various theories and methods of integral equation, boundary value problems for partial differential equations and functional equations, and integral operators including singular integral equations, applications of boundary value problems and integral equations to mechanics and physics, numerical methods of integral equations and boundary value problems, theories and methods for inverse problems of mathematical physics, Clifford analysis and related problems.

Computational Seismology

Computational Seismology
Author: Heiner Igel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2016-11-10
ISBN 10: 0191026859
ISBN 13: 9780191026850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Seismology Book Review:

This book is an introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering, and many other fields. The physical problem of elastic wave propagation in 1D serves as a model system with which the various numerical methods are introduced and compared. The theoretical background is presented with substantial graphical material supporting the concepts. The results can be reproduced with the supplementary electronic material provided as python codes embedded in Jupyter notebooks. The book starts with a primer on the physics of elastic wave propagation, and a chapter on the fundamentals of parallel programming, computational grids, mesh generation, and hardware models. The core of the book is the presentation of numerical solutions of the wave equation with six different methods: 1) the finite-difference method; 2) the pseudospectral method (Fourier and Chebyshev); 3) the linear finite-element method; 4) the spectral-element method; 5) the finite-volume method; and 6) the discontinuous Galerkin method. Each chapter contains comprehension questions, theoretical, and programming exercises. The book closes with a discussion of domains of application and criteria for the choice of a specific numerical method, and the presentation of current challenges.

Seismological Research Letters

Seismological Research Letters
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105132742938
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seismological Research Letters Book Review:

Induced Seismic Events

Induced Seismic Events
Author: Peter Knoll,Georg Kowalle
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 226
Release: 1996-07-30
ISBN 10: 9783764354541
ISBN 13: 3764354542
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Induced Seismic Events Book Review:

Reprint from Pure and Applied Geophysics (PAGEOPH), Volume 147 (1996), No. 2

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering
Author: Michael Beer,Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou,Edoardo Patelli,Ivan Siu-Kui Au
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 3953
Release: 2016-01-30
ISBN 10: 9783642353437
ISBN 13: 3642353436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering Book Review:

The Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering is designed to be the authoritative and comprehensive reference covering all major aspects of the science of earthquake engineering, specifically focusing on the interaction between earthquakes and infrastructure. The encyclopedia comprises approximately 300 contributions. Since earthquake engineering deals with the interaction between earthquake disturbances and the built infrastructure, the emphasis is on basic design processes important to both non-specialists and engineers so that readers become suitably well informed without needing to deal with the details of specialist understanding. The encyclopedia’s content provides technically-inclined and informed readers about the ways in which earthquakes can affect our infrastructure and how engineers would go about designing against, mitigating and remediating these effects. The coverage ranges from buildings, foundations, underground construction, lifelines and bridges, roads, embankments and slopes. The encyclopedia also aims to provide cross-disciplinary and cross-domain information to domain-experts. This is the first single reference encyclopedia of this breadth and scope that brings together the science, engineering and technological aspects of earthquakes and structures.

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes
Author: Marion Y. Thomas,Thomas M. Mitchell,Harsha S. Bhat
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2017-06-19
ISBN 10: 1119156904
ISBN 13: 9781119156901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes Book Review:

Earthquakes are some of the most dynamic features of the Earth. This multidisciplinary volume presents an overview of earthquake processes and properties including the physics of dynamic faulting, fault fabric and mechanics, physical and chemical properties of fault zones, dynamic rupture processes, and numerical modeling of fault zones during seismic rupture. This volume examines questions such as: • What are the dynamic processes recorded in fault gouge? • What can we learn about rupture dynamics from laboratory experiments? • How do on-fault and off-fault properties affect seismic ruptures? • How do fault zones evolve over time? Fault Zone Dynamic Processes: Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students from across the geosciences interested in the earthquakes processes.

Mechanics of Earthquake Faulting

Mechanics of Earthquake Faulting
Author: A. Bizzarri,S. Das,A. Petri
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2019-07-19
ISBN 10: 1614999791
ISBN 13: 9781614999799
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanics of Earthquake Faulting Book Review:

The mechanics of earthquake faulting is a multi-disciplinary scientific approach combining laboratory inferences and mathematical models with the analysis of recorded data from earthquakes, and is essential to the understanding of these potentially destructive events. The modern field of study can be said to have begun with the seminal papers by B. V. Kostrov in 1964 and 1966. This book presents lectures delivered at the summer school ‘The Mechanics of Earthquake Faulting’, held under the umbrella of the Enrico Fermi International School of Physics in Varenna, Italy, from 2 to 7 July 2018. The school was attended by speakers and participants from many countries. One of the most important goals of the school was to present the state-of-the-art of the physics of earthquakes, and the 10 lectures included here cover the most challenging aspects of the mechanics of faulting. The topics covered during the school give a very clear picture of the current state of the art of the physics of earthquake ruptures and also highlight the open issues and questions that are still under debate, and the book will be of interest to all those working in the field.

The Finite difference Method for Seismologists

The Finite difference Method for Seismologists
Author: Peter Moczo,Ladislav Halada,Jozef Kristek
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9788022320009
ISBN 13: 8022320005
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Finite difference Method for Seismologists Book Review:

Beta maritima

Beta maritima
Author: enrico biancardi,Leonard W. Panella,Robert T. Lewellen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2011-12-07
ISBN 10: 1461408415
ISBN 13: 9781461408413
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beta maritima Book Review:

Along the undisturbed shores, especially of the Mediterranean Sea and the European North Atlantic Ocean, is a quite widespread plant called Beta maritima by botanists, or more commonly sea beet. Nothing, for the inexperienced observer's eye, distinguishes it from surrounding wild vegetation. Despite its inconspicuous and nearly invisible flowers, the plant has had and will have invaluable economic and scientific importance. Indeed, according to Linnè, it is considered "the progenitor of the beet crops possibly born from Beta maritima in some foreign country". Recent molecular research confirmed this lineage. Selection applied after domestication has created many cultivated types with different destinations. The wild plant always has been harvested and used both for food and as a medicinal herb. Sea beet crosses easily with the cultivated types. This facilitates the transmission of genetic traits lost during domestication, which selection processes aimed only at features immediately useful to farmers and consumers may have depleted. Indeed, as with several crop wild relatives, Beta maritima has been successfully used to improve cultivated beet’s genetic resistances against many diseases and pests. In fact, sugar beet cultivation currently would be impossible in many countries without the recovery of traits preserved in the wild germplasm. Dr. Enrico Biancardi graduated from Bologna University. From 1977 until 2009, he was involved in sugar beet breeding activity by the Istituto Sperimentale per le Colture Industriali (ISCI) formerly Stazione Sperimentale di Bieticoltura (Rovigo, Italy), where he released rhizomania and cercospora resistant germplasm and collected seeds of Mediterranean sea beet populations as a genetic resource for breeding and ex situ conservation. Retired since 2009, he still collaborates with several working breeders, in particular, at the USDA Agricultural Research Stations, at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science (CAAS), and at the Athens University (AUA). He has edited books, books chapters and authored more than 150 papers. Dr. Lee Panella is a plant breeder and geneticist with the USDA-ARS at Fort Collins, Colorado. He earned his B.S. in Crop and Soil Science from Michigan State University, an M.S. in Plant Breeding from Texas A&M University, and a Ph.D. in genetics from the University of California at Davis. His research focus is developing disease resistant germplasm using sugar beet wild relatives. He is chairman of the USDA-ARS Sugar Beet Crop Germplasm Committee and has collected and worked extensively with sea beet. Dr. Robert T. Lewellen was raised on a ranch in Eastern Oregon and obtained a B.S. in Crop Science from Oregon State University followed by a Ph.D. from Montana State University in Genetics. From 1966 to 2008 he was a research geneticist for the USDA-ARS at Salinas, California, where he studied the genetics of sugar beet and as a plant breeder, often used sea beet as a genetic source to produce many pest and disease resistant sugar beet germplasm and parental lines, while authoring more than 100 publications.

Fluid Induced Seismicity

Fluid Induced Seismicity
Author: Serge A. Shapiro
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2015-04-23
ISBN 10: 0521884578
ISBN 13: 9780521884570
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluid Induced Seismicity Book Review:

Provides a quantitative introduction to the physics, application, interpretation, and hazard aspects of fluid-induced seismicity, with many real data examples.

Increasing Seismic Safety by Combining Engineering Technologies and Seismological Data

Increasing Seismic Safety by Combining Engineering Technologies and Seismological Data
Author: Marco Mucciarelli,Marijan Herak,John Cassidy
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2008-11-30
ISBN 10: 1402091966
ISBN 13: 9781402091964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Increasing Seismic Safety by Combining Engineering Technologies and Seismological Data Book Review:

The current state-of-the-art allows seismologists to give statistical estimates of the probability of a large earthquake striking a given region, identifying the areas in which the seismic hazard is the highest. However, the usefulness of these estimates is limited, without information about local subsoil conditions and the vulnerability of buildings. Identifying the sites where a local ampli?cation of seismic shaking will occur, and identifying the buildings that will be the weakest under the seismic shaking is the only strategy that allows effective defence against earthquake damage at an affordable cost, by applying selective reinforcement only to the structures that need it. Unfortunately, too often the Earth’s surface acted as a divide between seism- ogists and engineers. Now it is becoming clear that the building behaviour largely depends on the seismic input and the buildings on their turn act as seismic sources, in an intricate interplay that non-linear phenomena make even more complex. These phenomena are often the cause of observed damage enhancement during past ear- quakes. While research may pursue complex models to fully understand soil dyn- ics under seismic loading, we need, at the same time, simple models valid on average, whose results can be easily transferred to end users without prohibitive expenditure. Very complex models require a large amount of data that can only be obtained at a very high cost or may be impossible to get at all.

Full Seismic Waveform Modelling and Inversion

Full Seismic Waveform Modelling and Inversion
Author: Andreas Fichtner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 343
Release: 2010-11-16
ISBN 10: 9783642158070
ISBN 13: 3642158072
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Full Seismic Waveform Modelling and Inversion Book Review:

Recent progress in numerical methods and computer science allows us today to simulate the propagation of seismic waves through realistically heterogeneous Earth models with unprecedented accuracy. Full waveform tomography is a tomographic technique that takes advantage of numerical solutions of the elastic wave equation. The accuracy of the numerical solutions and the exploitation of complete waveform information result in tomographic images that are both more realistic and better resolved. This book develops and describes state of the art methodologies covering all aspects of full waveform tomography including methods for the numerical solution of the elastic wave equation, the adjoint method, the design of objective functionals and optimisation schemes. It provides a variety of case studies on all scales from local to global based on a large number of examples involving real data. It is a comprehensive reference on full waveform tomography for advanced students, researchers and professionals.

Mimetic Discretization Methods

Mimetic Discretization Methods
Author: Jose E. Castillo,Guillermo F. Miranda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2013-01-10
ISBN 10: 1466513446
ISBN 13: 9781466513440
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mimetic Discretization Methods Book Review:

To help solve physical and engineering problems, mimetic or compatible algebraic discretization methods employ discrete constructs to mimic the continuous identities and theorems found in vector calculus. Mimetic Discretization Methods focuses on the recent mimetic discretization method co-developed by the first author. Based on the Castillo-Grone operators, this simple mimetic discretization method is invariably valid for spatial dimensions no greater than three. The book also presents a numerical method for obtaining corresponding discrete operators that mimic the continuum differential and flux-integral operators, enabling the same order of accuracy in the interior as well as the domain boundary. After an overview of various mimetic approaches and applications, the text discusses the use of continuum mathematical models as a way to motivate the natural use of mimetic methods. The authors also offer basic numerical analysis material, making the book suitable for a course on numerical methods for solving PDEs. The authors cover mimetic differential operators in one, two, and three dimensions and provide a thorough introduction to object-oriented programming and C++. In addition, they describe how their mimetic methods toolkit (MTK)—available online—can be used for the computational implementation of mimetic discretization methods. The text concludes with the application of mimetic methods to structured nonuniform meshes as well as several case studies. Compiling the authors’ many concepts and results developed over the years, this book shows how to obtain a robust numerical solution of PDEs using the mimetic discretization approach. It also helps readers compare alternative methods in the literature.

Extreme Environmental Events

Extreme Environmental Events
Author: Robert A. Meyers
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1250
Release: 2010-11-03
ISBN 10: 1441976949
ISBN 13: 9781441976949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Environmental Events Book Review:

Extreme Environmental Events is an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the basic tenets of complexity and systems theory, as well as the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems, to the prediction, monitoring, and evaluation of major natural phenomena affecting life on earth. These phenomena are often highly destructive, and include earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, climate change,, and weather. Early warning, damage, and the immediate response of human populations to these phenomena are also covered from the point of view of complexity and nonlinear systems. In 61 authoritative, state-of-the art articles, world experts in each field apply such tools and concepts as fractals, cellular automata, solitons game theory, network theory, and statistical physics to an understanding of these complex geophysical phenomena.

Chemistry Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Hydrogen Sulfide

Chemistry  Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Hydrogen Sulfide
Author: Philip K. Moore,Matt Whiteman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 395
Release: 2015-07-10
ISBN 10: 3319181440
ISBN 13: 9783319181448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Hydrogen Sulfide Book Review:

This book puts hydrogen sulfide in context with other gaseous mediators such as nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, reviews the available mechanisms for its biosynthesis and describes its physiological and pathophysiological roles in a wide variety of disease states. Hydrogen sulfide has recently been discovered to be a naturally occurring gaseous mediator in the body. Over a relatively short period of time this evanescent gas has been revealed to play key roles in a range of physiological processes including control of blood vessel caliber and hence blood pressure and in the regulation of nerve function both in the brain and the periphery. Disorders concerning the biosynthesis or activity of hydrogen sulfide may also predispose the body to disease states such as inflammation, cardiovascular and neurological disorders. Interest in this novel gas has been high in recent years and many research groups worldwide have described its individual biological effects. Moreover, medicinal chemists are beginning to synthesize novel organic molecules that release this gas at defined rates with a view to exploiting these new compounds for therapeutic benefit.

Fundamentals of Seismic Wave Propagation

Fundamentals of Seismic Wave Propagation
Author: Chris Chapman
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2004-07-29
ISBN 10: 9781139451635
ISBN 13: 1139451634
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Seismic Wave Propagation Book Review:

Fundamentals of Seismic Wave Propagation, published in 2004, presents a comprehensive introduction to the propagation of high-frequency body-waves in elastodynamics. The theory of seismic wave propagation in acoustic, elastic and anisotropic media is developed to allow seismic waves to be modelled in complex, realistic three-dimensional Earth models. This book provides a consistent and thorough development of modelling methods widely used in elastic wave propagation ranging from the whole Earth, through regional and crustal seismology, exploration seismics to borehole seismics, sonics and ultrasonics. Particular emphasis is placed on developing a consistent notation and approach throughout, which highlights similarities and allows more complicated methods and extensions to be developed without difficulty. This book is intended as a text for graduate courses in theoretical seismology, and as a reference for all academic and industrial seismologists using numerical modelling methods. Exercises and suggestions for further reading are included in each chapter.

Cross Scale Modeling of Mountain Building and the Seismic Cycle From Alps to Himalaya

Cross Scale Modeling of Mountain Building and the Seismic Cycle  From Alps to Himalaya
Author: Luca Dal Zilio
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2019-09-03
ISBN 10: 9783030289904
ISBN 13: 3030289907
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cross Scale Modeling of Mountain Building and the Seismic Cycle From Alps to Himalaya Book Review:

This book integrates a broad range of scientific disciplines, from geodynamics and tectonics to earthquake physics, geodesy and seismology. This holistic approach supports a detailed investigation of the deformation and seismicity associated with mountain building processes and fault activity in the Earth’s upper, brittle crust. New insights into these deformational processes on both earthquake cycle and geologic timescales are subsequently combined to improve our physical understanding of seismicity in mountain belts, which has a variety of potential applications in active tectonics studies and seismic hazard assessments.