Reactions in the Solid State

Reactions in the Solid State
Author: Michael E. Brown,D. Dollimore,A.K. Galwey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 339
Release: 1980-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780080868165
ISBN 13: 0080868169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactions in the Solid State Book Review:

The whole of Volume 22 is devoted to the kinetics and mechanisms of the decomposition and interaction of inorganic solids, extended to include metal carboxylates. After an introductory chapter on the characteristic features of reactions in the solid phase, experimental methods of investigation of solid reactions and the measurement of reaction rates are reviewed in Chapter 2 and the theory of solid state kinetics in Chapter 3. The reactions of single substances, loosely grouped on the basis of a common anion since it is this constituent which most frequently undergoes breakdown, are discussed in Chapter 4, the sequence being effectively that of increasing anion complexity. Chapter 5 covers reactions between solids, and includes catalytic processes where one solid component remains unchanged, double compound formation and rate processes involving the interactions of more than three crystalline phases. The final chapter summarises the general conclusions drawn in the text of Chapter 2-5.

Chemical Kinetics of Solids

Chemical Kinetics of Solids
Author: Hermann Schmalzried
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2008-07-11
ISBN 10: 3527615520
ISBN 13: 9783527615520
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Kinetics of Solids Book Review:

Many different chemical processes take place inside solids or at solid surfaces and interfaces. However, their quantitative description sometimes seems difficult to understand. This book by Professor Schmalzried, author of the eminently successful Solid State Reactions; bridges the gap between the 'physical' and 'chemical' approaches to this subject because it is written in a language which both sides understand. For the first time, a comprehensive coverage of the rapidly developing field of Solid State Kinetics is available. The topics covered in this book go far beyond diffusional transport. Homogeneous and heterogeneous solid-state reactions, phase transitions or the influence of external fields are also treated in detail. With this background, the author explains e.g. charge transport mechanisms in ionic conductors, principles of sensor technology, or oxidation processes clearly and comprehensibly. This book is a must for every solid-state chemist and an indispensable tool for academic and industrial readers alike. From reviews: 'a first-rate reference work that a must for any science library' (J. Am Chem. Soc.) 'can be recommended without restrictions ...' (Z. Phys. Chem.)

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials
Author: Han-Ill Yoo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2020-05-09
ISBN 10: 3030259501
ISBN 13: 9783030259501
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials Book Review:

This book provides beginning graduate or senior-level undergraduate students in materials disciplines with a primer of the fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials. Kinetics is concerned with the rate of change of the state of existence of a material system under thermodynamic driving forces. Kinetic processes in materials typically involve chemical reactions and solid state diffusion in parallel or in tandem. Thus, mathematics of diffusion in continuum is first dealt with in some depth, followed by the atomic theory of diffusion and a brief review of chemical reaction kinetics. Chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions are examined. Through this course of learning, a student will become able to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place, to understand the inner workings of the process, and to design the optimal process of material state change. Provides students with the tools to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place and solve other diffusion related problems; Learns fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials; Examines chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions, among others; Contains end-of chapter exercise problems to help reinforce students' grasp of the concepts presented within each chapter.

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes
Author: Pritam Deb
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 49
Release: 2013-12-03
ISBN 10: 813221756X
ISBN 13: 9788132217565
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes Book Review:

Kinetic studies have traditionally being extremely useful in characterizing several physical and chemical phenomena in organic, inorganic and metallic systems. It provides valuable qualitative, quantitative and kinetic information on phase transformations, solid state precipitation, crystallization, oxidation and decomposition. Unfortunately, no single reference comprehensively presents nonisothermal kinetic analysis method for the study of complex processes, determining the actual mechanism and kinetic parameters. This book provides a new method for nonisothermal kinetics and its application in heterogeneous solid state processes. In the backdrop of limitations in existing methods, the book presents a brief review of the widely used isothermal and nonisothermal kinetic analysis methods.

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes
Author: Pritam Deb
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 60
Release: 2013-12-31
ISBN 10: 9788132217572
ISBN 13: 8132217578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes Book Review:

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Principles of Chemical Kinetics
Author: James E. House
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2007-08-30
ISBN 10: 9780080550503
ISBN 13: 0080550509
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Chemical Kinetics Book Review:

James House's revised Principles of Chemical Kinetics provides a clear and logical description of chemical kinetics in a manner unlike any other book of its kind. Clearly written with detailed derivations, the text allows students to move rapidly from theoretical concepts of rates of reaction to concrete applications. Unlike other texts, House presents a balanced treatment of kinetic reactions in gas, solution, and solid states. The entire text has been revised and includes many new sections and an additional chapter on applications of kinetics. The topics covered include quantitative relationships between molecular structure and chemical activity, organic/inorganic chemistry, biochemical kinetics, surface kinetics and reaction mechanisms. Chapters also include new problems, with answers to selected questions, to test the reader's understanding of each area. A solutions manual with answers to all questions is available for instructors. A useful text for both students and interested readers alike, Dr. House has once again written a comprehensive text simply explaining an otherwise complicated subject. Provides an introduction to all the major areas of kinetics and demonstrates the use of these concepts in real life applications Detailed derivations of formula are shown to help students with a limited background in mathematics Presents a balanced treatment of kinetics of reactions in gas phase, solutions and solids Solutions manual available for instructors

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals
Author: Ryan O'Hayre
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2015-01-12
ISBN 10: 1118972899
ISBN 13: 9781118972892
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals Book Review:

Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place – for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials Kinetics Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.

Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics

Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics
Author: V.I. Dybkov
Publsiher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2010-03-18
ISBN 10: 3038134457
ISBN 13: 9783038134459
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics Book Review:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). This monograph deals with a physico-chemical approach to the problem of the solid-state growth of chemical compound layers and reaction-diffusion in binary heterogeneous systems formed by two solids; as well as a solid with a liquid or a gas. It is explained why the number of compound layers growing at the interface between the original phases is usually much lower than the number of chemical compounds in the phase diagram of a given binary system. For example, of the eight intermetallic compounds which exist in the aluminium-zirconium binary system, only ZrAl3 was found to grow as a separate layer at the Al–Zr interface under isothermal conditions. The physico-chemical approach predicts that, in most cases, the number of compound layers should not exceed two; with the main factor, resulting in the appearance of additional layers, being crack formation due to thermal expansion and volume effects.

Isoconversional Kinetics of Thermally Stimulated Processes

Isoconversional Kinetics of Thermally Stimulated Processes
Author: Sergey Vyazovkin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 239
Release: 2015-03-18
ISBN 10: 3319141759
ISBN 13: 9783319141756
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Isoconversional Kinetics of Thermally Stimulated Processes Book Review:

The use of isoconversional kinetic methods for analysis of thermogravimetric and calorimetric data on thermally stimulated processes is quickly growing in popularity. The purpose of this book is to create the first comprehensive resource on the theory and applications of isoconversional methodology. The book introduces the reader to the kinetics of physical and chemical condensed phase processes that occur as a result of changing temperature and discusses how isoconversional analysis can provide important kinetic insights into them. The book will help the readers to develop a better understanding of the methodology, and promote its efficient usage and successful development.

Radiation Chemical Processes in Solid Phase

Radiation Chemical Processes in Solid Phase
Author: Evginiy I. Grigoriev,Leonid I. Trakhtenberg
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 1996-11-14
ISBN 10: 9780849394362
ISBN 13: 0849394368
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Chemical Processes in Solid Phase Book Review:

Unlike many other references, Radiation-Chemical Processes in Solid Phase analyzes experimental data on radiolysis in terms of solid-state physics. It traces the effect exerted by media from primary processes of radiation-substance interaction to final products. The authors consider the main chemically active elementary excitations arising under irradiation of solids and discuss the mechanisms of chemical reactions induced by them. They present the general principles of solid-state and molecular physics, and cover numerous radiation-chemical processes.

Kinetics of Chemical Processes

Kinetics of Chemical Processes
Author: Michel Boudart
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2014-05-16
ISBN 10: 1483183971
ISBN 13: 9781483183978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Chemical Processes Book Review:

Kinetics of Chemical Processes details the concepts associated with the kinetic study of the chemical processes. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that present information relevant to applied research. The text first covers the elementary chemical kinetics of elementary steps, and then proceeds to discussing catalysis. The next chapter tackles simplified kinetics of sequences at the steady state. Chapter 5 deals with coupled sequences in reaction networks, while Chapter 6 talks about autocatalysis and inhibition. The seventh chapter describes the irreducible transport phenomena in chemical kinetics. The next two chapters discuss the correlations in homogenous kinetics and heterogeneous catalysis, respectively. The last chapter covers the analysis of reaction networks. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of scientific disciplines that deal with chemical reaction, particularly chemistry and chemical engineering.

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering
Author: Dennis W. Readey
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2017-01-27
ISBN 10: 1482256789
ISBN 13: 9781482256789
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering Book Review:

"A pedagogical gem.... Professor Readey replaces ‘black-box’ explanations with detailed, insightful derivations. A wealth of practical application examples and exercise problems complement the exhaustive coverage of kinetics for all material classes." –Prof. Rainer Hebert, University of Connecticut "Prof. Readey gives a grand tour of the kinetics of materials suitable for experimentalists and modellers.... In an easy-to-read and entertaining style, this book leads the reader to fundamental, model-based?understanding of kinetic processes critical to development, fabrication and application of commercially-important soft (polymers, biomaterials), hard (ceramics, metals) and composite materials. It is a must-have for anyone who really wants to understand how to make materials and how they will behave in service." --Prof. Bill Lee, Imperial College London, Fellow of the Royal?Academy of Engineering "A much needed text filing the gap between an introductory course in materials science and advanced materials-specific kinetics courses. Ideal for the undergraduate interested in an in-depth study of kinetics in materials." –Prof. Mark E. Eberhart, Colorado School of Mines This book provides an in-depth introduction to the most important kinetic concepts in materials science, engineering, and processing. All types of materials are addressed, including metals, ceramics, polymers, electronic materials, biomaterials, and composites. The expert author with decades of teaching and practical experience gives a lively and accessible overview, explaining the principles that determine how long it takes to change material properties and make new and better materials. The chapters cover a broad range of topics extending from the heat treatment of steels, the processing of silicon integrated microchips, and the production of cement, to the movement of drugs through the human body. The author explicitly avoids "black box" equations, providing derivations with clear explanations.

Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics

Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics
Author: C. H. Bamford,Charles Frank Howlett Tipper,R. G. Compton
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 450
Release: 1969
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4165000
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics Book Review:

Materials Kinetics

Materials Kinetics
Author: John C. Mauro
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2020-11-22
ISBN 10: 0128242167
ISBN 13: 9780128242162
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Kinetics Book Review:

Materials Kinetics: Transport and Rate Phenomena provides readers with a clear understanding of how physical-chemical principles are applied to fundamental kinetic processes. The book integrates advanced concepts with foundational knowledge and cutting-edge computational approaches, demonstrating how diffusion, morphological evolution, viscosity, relaxation and other kinetic phenomena can be applied to practical materials design problems across all classes of materials. The book starts with an overview of thermodynamics, discussing equilibrium, entropy, and irreversible processes. Subsequent chapters focus on analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equation, covering Fick’s laws, multicomponent diffusion, numerical solutions, atomic models, and diffusion in crystals, polymers, glasses, and polycrystalline materials. Dislocation and interfacial motion, kinetics of phase separation, viscosity, and advanced nucleation theories are examined next, followed by detailed analyses of glass transition and relaxation behavior. The book concludes with a series of chapters covering molecular dynamics, energy landscapes, broken ergodicity, chemical reaction kinetics, thermal and electrical conductivities, Monte Carlo simulation techniques, and master equations. Covers the full breadth of materials kinetics, including organic and inorganic materials, solids and liquids, theory and experiments, macroscopic and microscopic interpretations, and analytical and computational approaches Demonstrates how diffusion, viscosity microstructural evolution, relaxation, and other kinetic phenomena can be leveraged in the practical design of new materials Provides a seamless connection between thermodynamics and kinetics Includes practical exercises that reinforce key concepts at the end of each chapter

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems
Author: PatrickL. Brezonik
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2018-05-08
ISBN 10: 1351461508
ISBN 13: 9781351461504
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems Book Review:

Chemical Kinetics and Process Dynamics in Aquatic Systems is devoted to chemical reactions and biogeochemical processes in aquatic systems. The book provides a thorough analysis of the principles, mathematics, and analytical tools used in chemical, microbial, and reactor kinetics. It also presents a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the kinetics of important chemical processes in aquatic environments. Aquatic photochemistry and correlation methods (e.g., LFERs and QSARs) to predict process rates are covered. Numerous examples are included, and each chapter has a detailed bibliography and problems sets. The book will be an excellent text/reference for professionals and students in such fields as aquatic chemistry, limnology, aqueous geochemistry, microbial ecology, marine science, environmental and water resources engineering, and geochemistry.

Kinetic Peculiarities of Solid Phase Reactions

Kinetic Peculiarities of Solid Phase Reactions
Author: E. Ya. Davydov,A. P. Vorotnikov,G. B. Pariyskii,G. E. Zaikov
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 150
Release: 1998-09-16
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105023461309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Peculiarities of Solid Phase Reactions Book Review:

Much data has been collected from experiments on the kinetios of radical reactions in different solids, but to date, this has not been presented in book format in a thorough and comprehensive way. This book makes the experimental data accessible for all chemists involved in these reactions. Various models of the tunnel atom transfer are analyzed in order to explain the kinetic isotope effect in solid phase reactions and photoinitiated radical reactions are inspected for the kinetic non-equivalence of particles and factors affecting their reactivity. Topics covered include: kinetic description of reactions with dispersion particles in reactivity the influence of space-orientation factors on reactivity in cage reactions the influence of molecular dynamics on the kinetics of elementary reactions the effect of structural-physical modification on kinetics of cage radical reactions

Reactions in the Solid State

Reactions in the Solid State
Author: Michael E. Brown,D. Dollimore,A.K. Galwey
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 339
Release: 1980-01-15
ISBN 10: 9780444418074
ISBN 13: 0444418075
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactions in the Solid State Book Review:

The whole of Volume 22 is devoted to the kinetics and mechanisms of the decomposition and interaction of inorganic solids, extended to include metal carboxylates. After an introductory chapter on the characteristic features of reactions in the solid phase, experimental methods of investigation of solid reactions and the measurement of reaction rates are reviewed in Chapter 2 and the theory of solid state kinetics in Chapter 3. The reactions of single substances, loosely grouped on the basis of a common anion since it is this constituent which most frequently undergoes breakdown, are discussed in Chapter 4, the sequence being effectively that of increasing anion complexity. Chapter 5 covers reactions between solids, and includes catalytic processes where one solid component remains unchanged, double compound formation and rate processes involving the interactions of more than three crystalline phases. The final chapter summarises the general conclusions drawn in the text of Chapter 2-5.

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior
Author: Sergey Vyazovkin
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2020-12-29
ISBN 10: 3039365592
ISBN 13: 9783039365593
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior Book Review:

Changing the temperature of a substance can stimulate dramatic changes of its state. These changes can be intermolecular (physical) and intramolecular (chemical) in nature. Physical changes occur without breaking intramolecular bonds, and lead to transitions between the four major phases: gas, liquid, crystal, and glass. Chemical changes are associated with chemical reactions that originate from breaking intramolecular bonds. Phase transitions as well as chemical reactions occur at finite rates. Measuring the rates of processes is the realm of kinetics. The kinetics of thermally stimulated processes is routinely measured using thermal analysis techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Knowing the process rates and their dependence on temperature is of vital importance for understanding the behavior of materials exposed to variations in temperature. In recent years, thermal analysis kinetics has made significant progress by developing computational tools for reliable kinetic analysis. It has also expanded its traditional application area to newly developed nano- and biomaterials. This Special Issue is a series of papers that reflect recent developments in the field and highlight the essential role of thermal analysis kinetics in understanding the processes responsible for the thermal behavior of various materials.

University of Michigan Official Publication

University of Michigan Official Publication
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: UM Libraries
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1961
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015078937680
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

University of Michigan Official Publication Book Review:

Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts

Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts
Author: Huazhang Liu
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2013-03-21
ISBN 10: 9814518808
ISBN 13: 9789814518802
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts Book Review:

This book provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 years. It focuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalysts — both are major breakthroughs for fused iron catalysts. The basic theory for ammonia synthesis is systematically explained, covering topics such as the chemical components, crystal structure, preparation, reduction, performance evaluation, characterization of the catalysts, the mechanism and kinetics of ammonia synthesis reaction. Both theory and practice are combined in this presentation, with emphasis on the research methods, application and exploitation of catalysts. The comprehensive volume includes an assessment of the economic and engineering aspects of ammonia plants based on the performance of catalysts. Recent developments in photo-catalysis, electro-catalysis, biocatalysis and new uses of ammonia are also introduced in this book. The author, Professor Huazhang Liu, has been engaged in research and practice for more than 50 years in this field and was the inventor of the first Fe1-xO based catalysts in the world. He has done a lot of research on Fe3O4 based- and ruthenium based-catalysts, and has published more than 300 papers and obtained 21 patents during his career. Contents:Historical Evolution of Catalysts for Ammonia SynthesisCatalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Ammonia SynthesisChemical Composition and Structure of Fused Iron CatalystsPreparation of Fused Iron CatalystsReduction of Fused Iron CatalystsRuthenium Based Ammonia Synthesis CatalystsPerformance Evaluation and Characterization of CatalystsPerformance and Application of CatalystsEffect of Catalyst Performance on the Economic Benefits of Catalytic ProcessInnovation and Speculation Readership: Researchers in academia and industry working on catalysts for ammonia synthesis. Keywords:Ammonia Synthesis;Catalysts;Catalytic;Iron Catalyst;Fused Iron Catalyst;Ruthenium CatalystKey Features:Provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 yearsFocuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalystsCombines theory and practice, with emphasis on research methods and industrial exploitation