Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State

Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State
Author: James E. House
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2021-11-15
ISBN 10: 9780128188767
ISBN 13: 0128188766
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State Book Review:

Chemical kinetics in solids are often dependent on numerous factors, and it's important for researchers to understand both the interactions relating to these factors, and how their own procedural choices may influence outcomes. Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State provides an authoritative overview of reactions in solids and helps readers quickly and easily identify the kinetic processes at play in their own work. Beginning with an introduction to the nature of solids and transformations, the book goes on to outline rate laws and experimental techniques, followed by such key areas as nucleation, phase transformations and crystallization. Chapters on the kinetics of dehydration, decomposition and polymers follow, before the book concludes by reviewing kinetics in relation to some important applications. Drawing on the experience of its expert author, Kinetics of Processes in the Solid State is a practical introduction to the field for chemists and researchers whose work is directly related to these interactions, and additionally for all those in related fields whose work would be enhanced by an understanding of these processes. Places the application of kinetic models in the context of reactions across numerous types of materials Illustrates the potentials and limitations of experimental techniques for studying reactions in solids Shows how experimental conditions can affect kinetic studies and how readers can address such issues

Reactions in the Solid State

Reactions in the Solid State
Author: Michael E. Brown,D. Dollimore,A.K. Galwey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 339
Release: 1980-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780080868165
ISBN 13: 0080868169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactions in the Solid State Book Review:

The whole of Volume 22 is devoted to the kinetics and mechanisms of the decomposition and interaction of inorganic solids, extended to include metal carboxylates. After an introductory chapter on the characteristic features of reactions in the solid phase, experimental methods of investigation of solid reactions and the measurement of reaction rates are reviewed in Chapter 2 and the theory of solid state kinetics in Chapter 3. The reactions of single substances, loosely grouped on the basis of a common anion since it is this constituent which most frequently undergoes breakdown, are discussed in Chapter 4, the sequence being effectively that of increasing anion complexity. Chapter 5 covers reactions between solids, and includes catalytic processes where one solid component remains unchanged, double compound formation and rate processes involving the interactions of more than three crystalline phases. The final chapter summarises the general conclusions drawn in the text of Chapter 2-5.

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes
Author: Pritam Deb
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 49
Release: 2013-12-03
ISBN 10: 813221756X
ISBN 13: 9788132217565
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes Book Review:

Kinetic studies have traditionally being extremely useful in characterizing several physical and chemical phenomena in organic, inorganic and metallic systems. It provides valuable qualitative, quantitative and kinetic information on phase transformations, solid state precipitation, crystallization, oxidation and decomposition. Unfortunately, no single reference comprehensively presents nonisothermal kinetic analysis method for the study of complex processes, determining the actual mechanism and kinetic parameters. This book provides a new method for nonisothermal kinetics and its application in heterogeneous solid state processes. In the backdrop of limitations in existing methods, the book presents a brief review of the widely used isothermal and nonisothermal kinetic analysis methods.

Chemical Kinetics of Solids

Chemical Kinetics of Solids
Author: Hermann Schmalzried
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2008-07-11
ISBN 10: 3527615520
ISBN 13: 9783527615520
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Kinetics of Solids Book Review:

Many different chemical processes take place inside solids or at solid surfaces and interfaces. However, their quantitative description sometimes seems difficult to understand. This book by Professor Schmalzried, author of the eminently successful Solid State Reactions; bridges the gap between the 'physical' and 'chemical' approaches to this subject because it is written in a language which both sides understand. For the first time, a comprehensive coverage of the rapidly developing field of Solid State Kinetics is available. The topics covered in this book go far beyond diffusional transport. Homogeneous and heterogeneous solid-state reactions, phase transitions or the influence of external fields are also treated in detail. With this background, the author explains e.g. charge transport mechanisms in ionic conductors, principles of sensor technology, or oxidation processes clearly and comprehensibly. This book is a must for every solid-state chemist and an indispensable tool for academic and industrial readers alike. From reviews: 'a first-rate reference work that a must for any science library' (J. Am Chem. Soc.) 'can be recommended without restrictions ...' (Z. Phys. Chem.)

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes
Author: Pritam Deb
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 60
Release: 2013-12-31
ISBN 10: 9788132217572
ISBN 13: 8132217578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Solid State Processes Book Review:

Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics

Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics
Author: V.I. Dybkov
Publsiher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2010-03-18
ISBN 10: 3038134457
ISBN 13: 9783038134459
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics Book Review:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). This monograph deals with a physico-chemical approach to the problem of the solid-state growth of chemical compound layers and reaction-diffusion in binary heterogeneous systems formed by two solids; as well as a solid with a liquid or a gas. It is explained why the number of compound layers growing at the interface between the original phases is usually much lower than the number of chemical compounds in the phase diagram of a given binary system. For example, of the eight intermetallic compounds which exist in the aluminium-zirconium binary system, only ZrAl3 was found to grow as a separate layer at the Al–Zr interface under isothermal conditions. The physico-chemical approach predicts that, in most cases, the number of compound layers should not exceed two; with the main factor, resulting in the appearance of additional layers, being crack formation due to thermal expansion and volume effects.

Isoconversional Kinetics of Thermally Stimulated Processes

Isoconversional Kinetics of Thermally Stimulated Processes
Author: Sergey Vyazovkin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 239
Release: 2015-03-18
ISBN 10: 3319141759
ISBN 13: 9783319141756
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Isoconversional Kinetics of Thermally Stimulated Processes Book Review:

The use of isoconversional kinetic methods for analysis of thermogravimetric and calorimetric data on thermally stimulated processes is quickly growing in popularity. The purpose of this book is to create the first comprehensive resource on the theory and applications of isoconversional methodology. The book introduces the reader to the kinetics of physical and chemical condensed phase processes that occur as a result of changing temperature and discusses how isoconversional analysis can provide important kinetic insights into them. The book will help the readers to develop a better understanding of the methodology, and promote its efficient usage and successful development.

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals
Author: Ryan O'Hayre
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2015-01-12
ISBN 10: 1118972899
ISBN 13: 9781118972892
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals Book Review:

Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place – for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials Kinetics Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.

Principles of Chemical Kinetics

Principles of Chemical Kinetics
Author: James E. House
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2007-08-30
ISBN 10: 9780080550503
ISBN 13: 0080550509
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Chemical Kinetics Book Review:

James House's revised Principles of Chemical Kinetics provides a clear and logical description of chemical kinetics in a manner unlike any other book of its kind. Clearly written with detailed derivations, the text allows students to move rapidly from theoretical concepts of rates of reaction to concrete applications. Unlike other texts, House presents a balanced treatment of kinetic reactions in gas, solution, and solid states. The entire text has been revised and includes many new sections and an additional chapter on applications of kinetics. The topics covered include quantitative relationships between molecular structure and chemical activity, organic/inorganic chemistry, biochemical kinetics, surface kinetics and reaction mechanisms. Chapters also include new problems, with answers to selected questions, to test the reader's understanding of each area. A solutions manual with answers to all questions is available for instructors. A useful text for both students and interested readers alike, Dr. House has once again written a comprehensive text simply explaining an otherwise complicated subject. Provides an introduction to all the major areas of kinetics and demonstrates the use of these concepts in real life applications Detailed derivations of formula are shown to help students with a limited background in mathematics Presents a balanced treatment of kinetics of reactions in gas phase, solutions and solids Solutions manual available for instructors

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering
Author: Dennis W. Readey
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2017-01-27
ISBN 10: 1482256789
ISBN 13: 9781482256789
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering Book Review:

"A pedagogical gem.... Professor Readey replaces ‘black-box’ explanations with detailed, insightful derivations. A wealth of practical application examples and exercise problems complement the exhaustive coverage of kinetics for all material classes." –Prof. Rainer Hebert, University of Connecticut "Prof. Readey gives a grand tour of the kinetics of materials suitable for experimentalists and modellers.... In an easy-to-read and entertaining style, this book leads the reader to fundamental, model-based?understanding of kinetic processes critical to development, fabrication and application of commercially-important soft (polymers, biomaterials), hard (ceramics, metals) and composite materials. It is a must-have for anyone who really wants to understand how to make materials and how they will behave in service." --Prof. Bill Lee, Imperial College London, Fellow of the Royal?Academy of Engineering "A much needed text filing the gap between an introductory course in materials science and advanced materials-specific kinetics courses. Ideal for the undergraduate interested in an in-depth study of kinetics in materials." –Prof. Mark E. Eberhart, Colorado School of Mines This book provides an in-depth introduction to the most important kinetic concepts in materials science, engineering, and processing. All types of materials are addressed, including metals, ceramics, polymers, electronic materials, biomaterials, and composites. The expert author with decades of teaching and practical experience gives a lively and accessible overview, explaining the principles that determine how long it takes to change material properties and make new and better materials. The chapters cover a broad range of topics extending from the heat treatment of steels, the processing of silicon integrated microchips, and the production of cement, to the movement of drugs through the human body. The author explicitly avoids "black box" equations, providing derivations with clear explanations.

Materials Kinetics

Materials Kinetics
Author: John C. Mauro
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2020-11-22
ISBN 10: 0128242167
ISBN 13: 9780128242162
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Kinetics Book Review:

Materials Kinetics: Transport and Rate Phenomena provides readers with a clear understanding of how physical-chemical principles are applied to fundamental kinetic processes. The book integrates advanced concepts with foundational knowledge and cutting-edge computational approaches, demonstrating how diffusion, morphological evolution, viscosity, relaxation and other kinetic phenomena can be applied to practical materials design problems across all classes of materials. The book starts with an overview of thermodynamics, discussing equilibrium, entropy, and irreversible processes. Subsequent chapters focus on analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equation, covering Fick’s laws, multicomponent diffusion, numerical solutions, atomic models, and diffusion in crystals, polymers, glasses, and polycrystalline materials. Dislocation and interfacial motion, kinetics of phase separation, viscosity, and advanced nucleation theories are examined next, followed by detailed analyses of glass transition and relaxation behavior. The book concludes with a series of chapters covering molecular dynamics, energy landscapes, broken ergodicity, chemical reaction kinetics, thermal and electrical conductivities, Monte Carlo simulation techniques, and master equations. Covers the full breadth of materials kinetics, including organic and inorganic materials, solids and liquids, theory and experiments, macroscopic and microscopic interpretations, and analytical and computational approaches Demonstrates how diffusion, viscosity microstructural evolution, relaxation, and other kinetic phenomena can be leveraged in the practical design of new materials Provides a seamless connection between thermodynamics and kinetics Includes practical exercises that reinforce key concepts at the end of each chapter

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science
Author: Eugene Machlin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN 10: 9780080549682
ISBN 13: 0080549683
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science Book Review:

This book is based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science. An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science is about the application of thermodynamics and kinetics to solve problems within Materials Science. Emphasis is to provide a physical understanding of the phenomenon under discussion, with the mathematics presented as a guide. The problems are used to provide practice in quantitative application of principles, and also to give examples of applications of the general subject matter to problems having current interest and to emphasize the important physical concepts. End of chapter problems are included, as are references, and bibliography to reinforce the text. This book provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena. Based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science Provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena Includes end of chapter problems, references, and bibliography to reinforce the text

Reactions in the Solid State

Reactions in the Solid State
Author: Michael E. Brown,D. Dollimore,A.K. Galwey
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 339
Release: 1980-01-15
ISBN 10: 9780444418074
ISBN 13: 0444418075
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactions in the Solid State Book Review:

The whole of Volume 22 is devoted to the kinetics and mechanisms of the decomposition and interaction of inorganic solids, extended to include metal carboxylates. After an introductory chapter on the characteristic features of reactions in the solid phase, experimental methods of investigation of solid reactions and the measurement of reaction rates are reviewed in Chapter 2 and the theory of solid state kinetics in Chapter 3. The reactions of single substances, loosely grouped on the basis of a common anion since it is this constituent which most frequently undergoes breakdown, are discussed in Chapter 4, the sequence being effectively that of increasing anion complexity. Chapter 5 covers reactions between solids, and includes catalytic processes where one solid component remains unchanged, double compound formation and rate processes involving the interactions of more than three crystalline phases. The final chapter summarises the general conclusions drawn in the text of Chapter 2-5.

Kinetics of Chemical Processes

Kinetics of Chemical Processes
Author: Michel Boudart
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2014-05-16
ISBN 10: 1483183971
ISBN 13: 9781483183978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetics of Chemical Processes Book Review:

Kinetics of Chemical Processes details the concepts associated with the kinetic study of the chemical processes. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that present information relevant to applied research. The text first covers the elementary chemical kinetics of elementary steps, and then proceeds to discussing catalysis. The next chapter tackles simplified kinetics of sequences at the steady state. Chapter 5 deals with coupled sequences in reaction networks, while Chapter 6 talks about autocatalysis and inhibition. The seventh chapter describes the irreducible transport phenomena in chemical kinetics. The next two chapters discuss the correlations in homogenous kinetics and heterogeneous catalysis, respectively. The last chapter covers the analysis of reaction networks. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of scientific disciplines that deal with chemical reaction, particularly chemistry and chemical engineering.

University of Michigan Official Publication

University of Michigan Official Publication
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: UM Libraries
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1961
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015078937680
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

University of Michigan Official Publication Book Review:

Kinetic Peculiarities of Solid Phase Reactions

Kinetic Peculiarities of Solid Phase Reactions
Author: E. Ya. Davydov,A. P. Vorotnikov,G. B. Pariyskii,G. E. Zaikov
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 150
Release: 1998-09-16
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105023461309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Peculiarities of Solid Phase Reactions Book Review:

Much data has been collected from experiments on the kinetios of radical reactions in different solids, but to date, this has not been presented in book format in a thorough and comprehensive way. This book makes the experimental data accessible for all chemists involved in these reactions. Various models of the tunnel atom transfer are analyzed in order to explain the kinetic isotope effect in solid phase reactions and photoinitiated radical reactions are inspected for the kinetic non-equivalence of particles and factors affecting their reactivity. Topics covered include: kinetic description of reactions with dispersion particles in reactivity the influence of space-orientation factors on reactivity in cage reactions the influence of molecular dynamics on the kinetics of elementary reactions the effect of structural-physical modification on kinetics of cage radical reactions

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior
Author: Sergey Vyazovkin
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2020-12-29
ISBN 10: 3039365592
ISBN 13: 9783039365593
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior Book Review:

Changing the temperature of a substance can stimulate dramatic changes of its state. These changes can be intermolecular (physical) and intramolecular (chemical) in nature. Physical changes occur without breaking intramolecular bonds, and lead to transitions between the four major phases: gas, liquid, crystal, and glass. Chemical changes are associated with chemical reactions that originate from breaking intramolecular bonds. Phase transitions as well as chemical reactions occur at finite rates. Measuring the rates of processes is the realm of kinetics. The kinetics of thermally stimulated processes is routinely measured using thermal analysis techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Knowing the process rates and their dependence on temperature is of vital importance for understanding the behavior of materials exposed to variations in temperature. In recent years, thermal analysis kinetics has made significant progress by developing computational tools for reliable kinetic analysis. It has also expanded its traditional application area to newly developed nano- and biomaterials. This Special Issue is a series of papers that reflect recent developments in the field and highlight the essential role of thermal analysis kinetics in understanding the processes responsible for the thermal behavior of various materials.

Growth Kinetics of Chemical Compound Layers

Growth Kinetics of Chemical Compound Layers
Author: Vasiliĭ Ivanovich Dybkov
Publsiher: Cambridge Int Science Publishing
Total Pages: 192
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1898326347
ISBN 13: 9781898326342
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Growth Kinetics of Chemical Compound Layers Book Review:

Annotation ContentsSolid phase growth of a chemical compound layer at the boundary of two simplesubstances (kinetics of heterogeneous reactions, reactiondiffusion)Growth of layers of two chemical compounds in multiphase systemsEffect of the composition of initial phases on the growth rate of the chemical compound layer. Effect of dissolution (evaporation) on the growth of the chemical compound layer Calculation of diffusion (physical) constants from experimental data on the growth rate of a layer of AISb chemical compound between solid aluminium and antimony'Parallel' growth of layers of intermetallic compounds at the stainless steel-liquid aluminium interfaceSpecial features of formation of a layer of the same chemical compound in different reaction pairs.

General Register

General Register
Author: University of Michigan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1963
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015071518644
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

General Register Book Review:

Announcements for the following year included in some vols.

Fractional Kinetics in Solids

Fractional Kinetics in Solids
Author: Vladimir Uchaikin,Renat Sibatov
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2012-11-16
ISBN 10: 9814449601
ISBN 13: 9789814449601
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fractional Kinetics in Solids Book Review:

The standard (Markovian) transport model based on the Boltzmann equation cannot describe some non-equilibrium processes called anomalous that take place in many disordered solids. Causes of anomality lie in non-uniformly scaled (fractal) spatial heterogeneities, in which particle trajectories take cluster form. Furthermore, particles can be located in some domains of small sizes (traps) for a long time. Estimations show that path length and waiting time distributions are often characterized by heavy tails of the power law type. This behavior allows the introduction of time and space derivatives of fractional orders. Distinction of path length distribution from exponential is interpreted as a consequence of media fractality, and analogous property of waiting time distribution as a presence of memory. In this book, a novel approach using equations with derivatives of fractional orders is applied to describe anomalous transport and relaxation in disordered semiconductors, dielectrics and quantum dot systems. A relationship between the self-similarity of transport, the Levy stable limiting distributions and the kinetic equations with fractional derivatives is established. It is shown that unlike the well-known Scher–Montroll and Arkhipov–Rudenko models, which are in a sense alternatives to the normal transport model, fractional differential equations provide a unified mathematical framework for describing normal and dispersive transport. The fractional differential formalism allows the equations of bipolar transport to be written down and transport in distributed dispersion systems to be described. The relationship between fractional transport equations and the generalized limit theorem reveals the probabilistic aspects of the phenomenon in which a dispersive to Gaussian transport transition occurs in a time-of-flight experiment as the applied voltage is decreased and/or the sample thickness increased. Recent experiments devoted to studies of transport in quantum dot arrays are discussed in the framework of dispersive transport models. The memory phenomena in systems under consideration are discussed in the analysis of fractional equations. It is shown that the approach based on the anomalous transport models and the fractional kinetic equations may be very useful in some problems that involve nano-sized systems. These are photon counting statistics of blinking single quantum dot fluorescence, relaxation of current in colloidal quantum dot arrays, and some others. Contents:Statistical GroundsFractional Kinetics of Dispersive TransportTransient Processes in Disordered Semiconductor StructuresFractional Kinetics in Quantum Dots and WiresFractional Relaxation in DielectricsThe Scale Correspondence Principle Readership: Students and post-graduate students, engineers, applied mathematicians, material scientists and physicists, specialists in theory of solids, in mathematical modeling and numerical simulations of complex physical processes, and to all who wish to make themselves more familiar with fractional differentiation method. Keywords:Fractional Calculus;Anomalous Diffusion;Disordered Solids;Nanosystems