Galvin Economic Inequality and Energy Consumption in Developed Countries

Galvin   Economic Inequality and Energy Consumption in Developed Countries
Author: Ray Galvin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-10-31
ISBN 10: 012817675X
ISBN 13: 9780128176757
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Galvin Economic Inequality and Energy Consumption in Developed Countries Book Review:

Inequality and Energy: How Extremes of Wealth and Poverty in High Income Countries Affect CO2 Emissions and Access to Energy challenges energy consumption researchers in developed countries to reorient their research frameworks to include the effects of economic inequality within the scope of their investigations, and calls for a new set of paradigms for energy consumption research. The book explores concrete examples of energy deprivation due to inequality, and provides conceptual tools to explore this in relation to other issues regarding energy consumption. It thereby urges that energy consumption approaches be updated for a world of increasing inequality. Extreme economic inequality has increased within developed countries over the past three decades. The effects of inequality are now seen increasingly in health, housing affordability, crime and social cohesion. There are signs it may even threaten democracy. Researchers are also exploring its effects on energy consumption. One of their key findings is that less privileged groups have lost consistent access to basic energy services like warm homes and affordable transport, leading to huge disparities of climate damaging emissions between rich and poor. Provides overwhelming evidence of the persistent and increasing income inequality and wealth inequality in developed countries over the past three decades Showcases recent empirical work that explores correlates of this inequality with energy consumption behavior and some of the key problems of access to adequate energy services Shows the connections between these findings and the existing ways of researching energy consumption behavior and policy

Inequality and Energy

Inequality and Energy
Author: Ray Galvin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-10-25
ISBN 10: 0128176741
ISBN 13: 9780128176740
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality and Energy Book Review:

Inequality and Energy: How Extremes of Wealth and Poverty in High Income Countries Affect CO2 Emissions and Access to Energy challenges energy consumption researchers in developed countries to reorient their research frameworks to include the effects of economic inequality within the scope of their investigations, and calls for a new set of paradigms for energy consumption research. The book explores concrete examples of energy deprivation due to inequality, and provides conceptual tools to explore this in relation to other issues regarding energy consumption. It thereby urges that energy consumption approaches be updated for a world of increasing inequality. Extreme economic inequality has increased within developed countries over the past three decades. The effects of inequality are now seen increasingly in health, housing affordability, crime and social cohesion. There are signs it may even threaten democracy. Researchers are also exploring its effects on energy consumption. One of their key findings is that less privileged groups have lost consistent access to basic energy services like warm homes and affordable transport, leading to huge disparities of climate damaging emissions between rich and poor. Provides overwhelming evidence of the persistent and increasing income inequality and wealth inequality in developed countries over the past three decades Showcases recent empirical work that explores correlates of this inequality with energy consumption behavior and some of the key problems of access to adequate energy services Shows the connections between these findings and the existing ways of researching energy consumption behavior and policy

Inequality and Energy

Inequality and Energy
Author: Ray Galvin
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1341450156
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality and Energy Book Review:

Understanding the Energy Transition

Understanding the Energy Transition
Author: Natalia Magnani,Giovanni Carrosio
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 103
Release: 2021-11-22
ISBN 10: 3030834816
ISBN 13: 9783030834814
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding the Energy Transition Book Review:

The transformation of the dominant model of centralized energy production from fossil fuels to renewable energies is at the center of the public and scientific debate, as well as the subject of national and European policies, as it is connected to highly topical issues such as climate change, emissions reduction and natural disasters, security of supply and sustainability of the current economic development model. Up to now this topic has been mainly addressed by the economic and engineering sciences, with a research focus on the hardware rather than on the human and social software. However, energy systems, and the possibilities of change, are not only economic or technological but involve also patterns of social life, representations, organizational models and relational structures. In order to generate the social preconditions for the transition to a low-emission society, focused on a growing production of energy from renewable sources and on a greater sustainability of consumption, it is therefore urgent to reaffirm the centrality of a sociological approach to energy. This book focused on three core research areas which are crucial to understand what is at stake with the energy transition: conflicts over the construction and location of renewable energy production plants; collective action on renewable sources that promote a new model of energy system in which consumers are also producers; and the social-territorial impact of energy policies.

Carbon Inequality

Carbon Inequality
Author: Dario Kenner
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2019-06-20
ISBN 10: 1351171305
ISBN 13: 9781351171304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Inequality Book Review:

With a specific focus on the United States and the United Kingdom, Carbon Inequality studies the role of the richest people in contributing to climate change via their luxury consumption and their investments. In an innovative contribution, it attempts to quantify personal responsibility for shareholdings in large fossil fuel companies. This book explores the implications of the richest people’s historic responsibility for global warming, the impacts of which affect them less than most others in global society. Kenner analyses how the richest people running large oil and gas companies have successfully used their political influence to lobby the US and UK government. This assessment of their growing political power is particularly pertinent at a time of increasing inequality and growing public awareness of the impact of climate change. The book also highlights the crucial role of the richest in blocking the low-carbon transition in the US and the UK, exploring how this could be countered to ensure fossil fuels are fully replaced by renewable energy. This book will be of great relevance to scholars and policy makers with an interest in inequality, climate change and sustainability transitions.

Inequality Across Countries in Energy Intensities

Inequality Across Countries in Energy Intensities
Author: Juan Antonio Duro Moreno,Emilio Padilla
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:804831917
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality Across Countries in Energy Intensities Book Review:

Energy Security Equality and Justice

Energy Security  Equality and Justice
Author: Benjamin K. Sovacool,Roman V. Sidortsov,Benjamin R. Jones
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2013-12-04
ISBN 10: 1135074186
ISBN 13: 9781135074180
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Security Equality and Justice Book Review:

This book applies concepts from ethics, justice, and political philosophy to five sets of contemporary energy problems cutting across time, economics, politics, geography, and technology. In doing so, the authors derive two key energy justice principles from modern theories of distributive justice, procedural justice, and cosmopolitan justice. The prohibitive principle states that "energy systems must be designed and constructed in such a way that they do not unduly interfere with the ability of people to acquire those basic goods to which they are justly entitled." The affirmative principle states that "if any of the basic goods to which people are justly entitled can only be secured by means of energy services, then in that case there is also a derivative entitlement to the energy services." In laying out and employing these principles, the book details a long list of current energy injustices ranging from human rights abuses and energy-related civil conflict to energy poverty and pervasive and growing negative externalities. The book illustrates the significance of energy justice by combining the most up-to-date data on global energy security and climate change, including case studies and examples from the electricity supply, transport, and heating and cooking sectors, with appraisals based on centuries of thought about the meaning of justice in social decisions.

Energy Consumption Inequality and Human Development

Energy Consumption Inequality and Human Development
Author: Qiaosheng Wu,Svetlana Maslyuk,Valerie Clulow
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9789535103400
ISBN 13: 9535103407
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Consumption Inequality and Human Development Book Review:

Unsustainable Inequalities

Unsustainable Inequalities
Author: Lucas Chancel
Publsiher: Belknap Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 067498465X
ISBN 13: 9780674984653
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unsustainable Inequalities Book Review:

The greatest dilemma our planet faces is the tradeoff between poverty alleviation, inequality reduction, and climate change. In Unsustainable Inequalities, economist Lucas Chancel confronts how to share prosperity without furthering environmental harm, arguing for policies that would direct the benefits of environmental protection to the poor.

World Social Report 2020

World Social Report 2020
Author: Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Publsiher: United Nations
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2020-02-14
ISBN 10: 9210043677
ISBN 13: 9789210043670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Social Report 2020 Book Review:

This report examines the links between inequality and other major global trends (or megatrends), with a focus on technological change, climate change, urbanization and international migration. The analysis pays particular attention to poverty and labour market trends, as they mediate the distributional impacts of the major trends selected. It also provides policy recommendations to manage these megatrends in an equitable manner and considers the policy implications, so as to reduce inequalities and support their implementation.

Inequality Problems in Mechanics and Applications

Inequality Problems in Mechanics and Applications
Author: P.D. Panagiotopoulos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461251524
ISBN 13: 9781461251521
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inequality Problems in Mechanics and Applications Book Review:

In a remarkably short time, the field of inequality problems has seen considerable development in mathematics and theoretical mechanics. Applied mechanics and the engineering sciences have also benefitted from these developments in that open problems have been treated and entirely new classes of problems have been formulated and solved. This book is an outgrowth of seven years of seminars and courses on inequality problems in mechanics for a variety of audiences in the Technical University of Aachen, the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, the University of Hamburg and the Technical University of Milan. The book is intended for a variety of readers, mathematicians and engineers alike, as is detailed in the Guidelines for the Reader. It goes without saying that the work of G. Fichera, J. L. Lions, G. Maier, J. J. Moreau in originating and developing the theory of inequality problems has considerably influenced the present book. I also wish to acknowledge the helpful comments received from C. Bisbos, J. Haslinger, B. Kawohl, H. Matthies, H. O. May, D. Talaslidis and B. Werner. Credit is also due to G. Kyriakopoulos and T. Mandopoulou for their exceptionally diligent work in the preparation of the fmal figures. Many thanks are also due to T. Finnegan and J. Gateley for their friendly assistance from the linguistic standpoint. I would also like to thank my editors in Birkhiiuser Verlag for their cooperation, and all those who helped in the preparation of the manuscript.

Climate Change and Society

Climate Change and Society
Author: Riley E. Dunlap,Robert J. Brulle
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2015-08-24
ISBN 10: 0199356122
ISBN 13: 9780199356126
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Society Book Review:

Climate change is one of the most critical issues of the twenty-first century, presenting a major intellectual challenge to both the natural and social sciences. While there has been significant progress in natural science understanding of climate change, social science analyses have not been as fully developed. Climate Change and Society breaks new theoretical and empirical ground by presenting climate change as a thoroughly social phenomenon, embedded in behaviors, institutions, and cultural practices. This collection of essays summarizes existing approaches to understanding the social, economic, political, and cultural dimensions of climate change. From the factors that drive carbon emissions to those which influence societal responses to climate change, the volume provides a comprehensive overview of the social dimensions of climate change. An improved understanding of the complex relationship between climate change and society is essential for modifying ecologically harmful human behaviors and institutional practices, creating just and effective environmental policies, and developing a more sustainable future. Climate Change and Society provides a useful tool in efforts to integrate social science research, natural science research, and policymaking regarding climate change and sustainability. Produced by the American Sociological Association's Task Force on Sociology and Global Climate Change, this book presents a challenging shift from the standard climate change discourse, and offers a valuable resource for students, scholars, and professionals involved in climate change research and policy.

Bioeconomy and Global Inequalities

Bioeconomy and Global Inequalities
Author: Maria Backhouse,Rosa Lehmann,Kristina Lorenzen,Malte Lühmann,Janina Puder,Fabricio Rodríguez,Anne Tittor
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2021-05-17
ISBN 10: 3030689441
ISBN 13: 9783030689445
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioeconomy and Global Inequalities Book Review:

This open access book focuses on the meanings, agendas, as well as the local and global implications of bioeconomy and bioenergy policies in and across South America, Asia and Europe. It explores how a transition away from a fossil and towards a bio-based economic order alters, reinforces and challenges socio-ecological inequalities. The volume presents a historically informed and empirically rich discussion of bioeconomy developments with a particular focus on bio-based energy. A series of conceptual discussions and case studies with a multidisciplinary background in the social sciences illuminate how the deployment of biomass sources from the agricultural and forestry sectors affect societal changes concerning knowledge production, land and labour relations, political participation and international trade. How can a global perspective on socio-ecological inequalities contribute to a complex and critical understanding of bioeconomy? Who participates in the negotiation of specific bioeconomy policies and who does not? Who determines the agenda? To what extent does the bioeconomy affect existing socio-ecological inequalities in rural areas? What are the implications of the bioeconomy for existing relations of extraction and inequalities across regions? The volume is an invitation to reflect upon these questions and more, at a time when the need for an ecological and socially just transition away from a carbon intensive economy is becoming increasingly pressing.

Does Inequality Matter How People Perceive Economic Disparities and Social Mobility

Does Inequality Matter  How People Perceive Economic Disparities and Social Mobility
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 165
Release: 2021-11-18
ISBN 10: 9264872000
ISBN 13: 9789264872004
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Does Inequality Matter How People Perceive Economic Disparities and Social Mobility Book Review:

The recovery after the COVID-19 crisis requires policies and reforms that tackle inequalities and promote equal opportunities. However, the implementation of such reforms requires widespread support from the public. To better understand what factors drive public support, this report provides a detailed cross-country analysis of people’s perceptions of and concern over inequality.

Integrable Quantum Field Theories

Integrable Quantum Field Theories
Author: L. Bonora,Giuseppe Mussardo,A. Schwimmer,L. Girardello,M. Martellini
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 333
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1489915168
ISBN 13: 9781489915160
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrable Quantum Field Theories Book Review:

Proceedings of a NATO ARW held in Como, Italy, September 14-19, 1992

Income Inequality

Income Inequality
Author: David A. Green,William Craig Riddell,France St-Hilaire
Publsiher: Art of the State
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 9780886453299
ISBN 13: 0886453291
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Income Inequality Book Review:

"Rising income inequality has been at the forefront of public debate in Canada in recent years, yet there is still much to be learned about the economic forces driving the distribution of earnings and income in this country and how they might evolve in coming years. With research showing that the tax-and-transfer system is less effective than in the past in counteracting growing income disparities, the need for policy-makers to understand the factors at play is all the more urgent. The Institute for Research on Public Policy, in collaboration with the Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network, has gathered some of the country’s leading experts to provide new evidence on the causes and effects of rising income inequality in Canada and to consider the role of policy. Their research and analysis constitutes a comprehensive review of Canadian inequality trends in recent decades, including changing earnings and income dynamics among middle--class and top earners, wage and job polarization across provinces, and persistent poverty among vulnerable groups. The authors also examine the changing role of education and unionization, as well as the complex interplay of redistributive policies and politics, in order to propose new directions for policy. Amid growing anxieties about the economic prospects of the middle class, Income Inequality: The Canadian Story will inform the public discourse on this issue of central concern for all Canadians."--Publisher's website.

The Economic Superorganism

The Economic Superorganism
Author: Carey W. King
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2020-10-07
ISBN 10: 3030502953
ISBN 13: 9783030502959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Economic Superorganism Book Review:

Energy drives the economy, economics informs policy, and policy affects social outcomes. Since the oil crises of the 1970s, pundits have debated the validity of this sequence, but most economists and politicians still ignore it. Thus, they delude the public about the underlying influence of energy costs and constraints on economic policies that address such pressing contemporary issues as income inequality, growth, debt, and climate change. To understand why, Carey King explores the scientific and rhetorical basis of the competing narratives both within and between energy technology and economics. Energy and economic discourse seems to mirror Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion: For every narrative there is an equal and opposite counter-narrative. The competing energy narratives pit "drill, baby, drill!" against renewable technologies such as wind and solar. Both claim to provide secure, reliable, clean, and affordable energy to support economic growth with the most benefit to society, but how? To answer this question, we need to understand the competing economic narratives, techno-optimism and techno-realism. Techno-optimism claims that innovation overcomes any physical resource constraints and enables the social outcomes and economic growth we desire. Techno-realism, in contrast, states that no matter what energy technologies we use, feedbacks from physical growth on a finite planet constrain economic growth and create an uneven distribution of social impacts. In The Economic Superorganism, you will discover stories, data, science, and philosophy to guide you through the arguments from competing narratives on energy, growth, and policy. You will be able to distinguish the technically possible from the socially viable, and understand how our future depends on this distinction.

Income Inequality

Income Inequality
Author: Brian Keeley,Oecd
Publsiher: Org. for Economic Cooperation & Development
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2015-12-21
ISBN 10: 9789264246003
ISBN 13: 9264246002
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Income Inequality Book Review:

Income inequality is rising. A quarter of a century ago, the average disposable income of the richest 10% in OECD countries was around seven times higher than that of the poorest 10%; today, it's around 9½ times higher. Why does this matter? Many fear this widening gap is hurting individuals, societies and even economies. This book explores income inequality across five main headings. It starts by explaining some key terms in the inequality debate. It then examines recent trends and explains why income inequality varies between countries. Next it looks at why income gaps are growing and, in particular, at the rise of the 1%. It then looks at the consequences, including research that suggests widening inequality could hurt economic growth. Finally, it examines policies for addressing inequality and making economies more inclusive.

Europe s Income Wealth Consumption and Inequality

Europe s Income  Wealth  Consumption  and Inequality
Author: Georg Fischer,Robert Strauss
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-10-01
ISBN 10: 0197545726
ISBN 13: 9780197545720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Europe s Income Wealth Consumption and Inequality Book Review:

European integration is focused on improving economic performance and increasing income levels in nations across the European Union. Political leaders and the media often use income trends to measure this progress, with inequality moving more and more to the forefront of these conversations. In this book, contributing authors focus on the economies within the EU, its member countries, and other European countries closely associated with the EU. The book includes an overview of economic and social trends, using long-term processes of European integration as a way to frame the discussions. Georg Fischer, Robert Strauss, and their contributors focus on explaining how policy makers and the media focus on national trends to measure progress among the nations in Europe. They make a specific point to look at the EU as an economic and political entity whose parts are closely interlinked rather than as a conglomerate of individual countries. The contributors consider the commonalities and differences between various institutions and policies, explaining how a decision in one country might impact another. Europe's Income, Wealth, Consumption, and Inequality offers a novel approach to the analysis of social and economic trends, and the resulting book identifies major policy challenges applicable in the EU and beyond.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 583
Release: 2017-04-27
ISBN 10: 0309452961
ISBN 13: 9780309452960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Communities in Action Book Review:

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.