Immunoinformatics of Cancers

Immunoinformatics of Cancers
Author: Nima Rezaei,Parnian Jabbari
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2022-05-02
ISBN 10: 0128224304
ISBN 13: 9780128224304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunoinformatics of Cancers Book Review:

Immunoinformatics of Cancers: Practical Machine Learning Approaches Using R takes a bioinformatics approach to understanding and researching the immunological aspects of malignancies. It details biological and computational principles and the current applications of bioinformatic approaches in the study of human malignancies. Three sections cover the role of immunology in cancers and bioinformatics, including databases and tools, R programming and useful packages, and present the foundations of machine learning. The book then gives practical examples to illuminate the application of immunoinformatics to cancer, along with practical details on how computational and biological approaches can best be integrated. This book provides readers with practical computational knowledge and techniques, including programming, and machine learning, enabling them to understand and pursue the immunological aspects of malignancies. Presents the knowledge researchers need to apply computational techniques to immunodeficiencies Provides the most practical material for bioinformatics approaches to the immunology of cancers Gives straightforward and efficient explanations of programming and machine learning approaches in R Includes details of the most useful databases, tools, programming packages and algorithms for immunoinformatics Illuminates clear explanations with practical examples of immunoinformatic approaches to cancer

Applied Immunoinformatics

Applied Immunoinformatics
Author: Linus Backert
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1240328178
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Immunoinformatics Book Review:

Immunoinformatics

Immunoinformatics
Author: Namrata Tomar
Publsiher: Humana
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2021-03-26
ISBN 10: 9781071603918
ISBN 13: 1071603914
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunoinformatics Book Review:

This book covers a wide range of diverse immunoinformatics research topics, involving tools and databases of potential epitope prediction, HLA gene analysis, MHC characterizing, in silico vaccine design, mathematical modeling of host-pathogen interactions, and network analysis of immune system data. In that way, this fully updated volume explores the enormous value of computational tools and models in immunology research. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include the kind of key insights and detailed implementation advice to encourage successful results in the lab. Authoritative and practical, Immunoinformatics, Third Edition serves as an ideal guide for scientists working at the intersection of bioinformatics, mathematical modelling, and statistics for the study of immune systems biology.

Recent Advancements in Biomarkers and Early Detection of Gastrointestinal Cancers

Recent Advancements in Biomarkers and Early Detection of Gastrointestinal Cancers
Author: Pallaval Veera Bramhachari,Nageswara Rao Reddy Neelapu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 231
Release: 2020-07-21
ISBN 10: 981154431X
ISBN 13: 9789811544316
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advancements in Biomarkers and Early Detection of Gastrointestinal Cancers Book Review:

This book describes various novel biomarkers for the early diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. It also highlights recent advances in understanding the role of molecular markers and biomarkers, such as volatile biomarkers, serum biomarkers, predictive and prognostic molecular markers for the early detection of GI cancers. Further, it discusses novel biomarkers, including circulating microRNAs, serum microRNA and plasma microRNA in GI cancer. The book presents breakthrough technologies like ultra-sensitive nano-chips, nanosensors, nanodevices, biosensors, electrochemical biosensors, optical biosensors, DNA biosensors, synthetic biology devices, and 'omics' technologies for the early diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancer. In addition it examines the potential of genome-wide association studies, big data analytics, computation biology, systems biology, and nanotechnology for early diagnostics and therapeutics for gastrointestinal cancer, with a focus on personalized cancer treatment. The book is a valuable source for researchers and clinicians engaged in detection and diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancers.

Recent Developments in Cancer Systems Biology

Recent Developments in Cancer Systems Biology
Author: Raghu Sinha,Kazim Yalcin Arga
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2021-08-18
ISBN 10: 3036514724
ISBN 13: 9783036514727
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Cancer Systems Biology Book Review:

This book includes original research articles and reviews to update readers on the state of the art systems approach to not only discover novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for several cancer types, but also evaluate methodologies to map out important genomic signatures. In addition, therapeutic targets and drug repurposing have been emphasized for a variety of cancer types. In particular, new and established researchers who desire to learn about cancer systems biology and why it is possibly the leading front to a personalized medicine approach will enjoy reading this book.

Immunoinformatics

Immunoinformatics
Author: Gregory R. Bock,Jamie A. Goode
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2004-03-05
ISBN 10: 0470090758
ISBN 13: 9780470090756
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunoinformatics Book Review:

The astounding diversity of the immune system and the complexity of its regulatory pathways makes immunology a combinatorial science. Computational analysis has therefore become an essential element of immunology research and this has led to the creation of the emerging field of immunoinformatics. This book is the first to feature thorough coverage of this new field. Immunoinformatics facilitates the understanding of immune function by modelling the interactions among immunological components. Biological research provides ever deeper insights into the complexity of living organisms while computer science provides an effective means to store and analyse large volumes of complex data. Combining the two fields increases the efficiency of biological research and offers the potential for major advances in the study of biological systems. This book encompasses key developments in immunoinformatics, including immunological databases, sequence analysis, structure modelling, mathematical modelling of the immune system, simulation of laboratory experiments, statistical support for immunological experimentation and immunogenomics. The difficulties in effective application of bioinformatic tools in immunology arise at both ends of the spectrum: most immunologists have only a limited comprehension of sophisticated data analysis and applicability and limitations, while the average computer scientist lacks knowledge of the depth and complexity of biological data. The purpose of this book, therefore, is to present contributions from a multidisciplinary team of biologists and computer scientists to explore the issues related to better understanding of immune function and, in particular, to help apply new computer science methods to immunological research. Related Novartis Foundation symposia: 247 In Silico Simulation of Biological Processes Chair: Denis Noble 252 Generation and effector functions of regulatory lymphocytes Chair: Jean-François Bach

Immunoinformatics

Immunoinformatics
Author: Christian Schönbach,Shoba Ranganathan,Vladimir Brusic
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2007-11-21
ISBN 10: 0387729682
ISBN 13: 9780387729688
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunoinformatics Book Review:

In contrast to existing books on immunoinformatics, this volume presents a cross-section of immunoinformatics research. The contributions highlight the interdisciplinary nature of the field and how collaborative efforts among bioinformaticians and bench scientists result in innovative strategies for understanding the immune system. Immunoinformatics is ideal for scientists and students in immunology, bioinformatics, microbiology, and many other disciplines.

Vaccinology and Methods in Vaccine Research

Vaccinology and Methods in Vaccine Research
Author: Rebecca Ashfield,Angus Nnamdi Oli,Charles Esimone,Linda Onyeka Anagu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2022-03-23
ISBN 10: 0323914381
ISBN 13: 9780323914383
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vaccinology and Methods in Vaccine Research Book Review:

Vaccinology and Methods in Vaccine Research is a combination of cutting-edge methodologies, experimental approaches and literature reviews. The book covers all aspects of vaccine development, including basic immunology (focusing on the stimulation of adaptive immunity, which is required for vaccine efficacy), approaches to vaccine design and target validation, vaccine biomanufacturer and clinical development. Existing vaccinology resources are theoretical reference books, whereas this book provides a practical handbook for use in the research lab and classroom by those working in vaccinology and training others in the field. It is authored and edited by scientists actively engaged in vaccine research and development for day-to-day teaching/methodological advice. Addresses how to design a vaccine for an emerging disease, from a practical point-of -view, with chapters written by scientists who are grappling with these questions Provides new approaches to vaccine development. including vaccine targeting and virus-like-particle vaccines Gives up-to-date information and methodologies in use for vaccine adjuvants

Cancer Immunology

Cancer Immunology
Author: Nima Rezaei
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 581
Release: 2020-12-12
ISBN 10: 3030579492
ISBN 13: 9783030579494
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer Immunology Book Review:

This book explains the immunology of organ-specific malignancies and discusses novel immunotherapy strategies for their treatment. Since the first, very successful edition of the book was published in 2015, a number of entirely new chapters have been included. The range of cancers considered has accordingly been extended, with coverage of the latest immunotherapy approaches for cancers in different organs. In addition, the original chapters have been updated to document the latest advances in immunotherapy for pediatric solid tumors, hematologic malignancies, gastrointestinal tumors, bone tumors, central nervous tumors, lung cancer, genitourinary tract tumors, and breast cancer, among others. The book is published as part of the three-volume Springer series Cancer Immunology, which aims to provide an up-to-date, clinically relevant review of cancer immunology and immunotherapy. Other volumes in the series address the translational medicine context and bench to bedside immunotherapy. Cancer Immunology: Cancer Immunotherapy for Organ-Specific Tumors will be of special value to clinical immunologists, hematologists, and oncologists.

Immunotherapy of Cancer

Immunotherapy of Cancer
Author: Mary L. Disis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2007-10-28
ISBN 10: 1597450111
ISBN 13: 9781597450119
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunotherapy of Cancer Book Review:

Expert bench and clinical scientists join forces to concurrently review both the state-of-the-art in tumor immunology and its clinical translation into promising practical treatments. The authors explain in each chapter the scientific basis behind such therapeutic agents as monoclonal antibodies, cytokines, vaccines, and T-cells, and illustrate their clinical manipulation to combat cancer. Additional chapters address statistical analysis-both of clinical trials and assay evaluations-methods for the discovery of antigens, adoptive T cell therapy, and adaptive and innate immunity. The challenges in clinical trial design, the need for biomarkers of response-such as novel imaging techniques and immunologic monitoring-and the new advances and directions in cancer immunotherapy are also fully examined.

Cancer Metastasis Through the Lymphovascular System

Cancer Metastasis Through the Lymphovascular System
Author: Stanley P. Leong,S. David Nathanson,Jonathan S. Zager
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 806
Release: 2022-06-24
ISBN 10: 303093084X
ISBN 13: 9783030930844
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer Metastasis Through the Lymphovascular System Book Review:

This textbook describes in detail the process of cancer metastasis from a single cell in the primary site through its arduous journey to the sentinel lymph node as the main gateway and beyond to distant sites. The most up-to-date knowledge on key topics in the molecular biology, diagnosis, and treatment of metastatic cancer is highlighted by a large panel of experts. The book begins with a comprehensive overview of the genetic and molecular mechanisms that promote or inhibit cancer metastasis through lymphatic pathways to lymph nodes or through vascular pathways to distant sites, providing the reader with an essential basic knowledge. This is followed by further details on the role of the immune system within the primary tumor and the lymph node and the importance of the microenvironment at the metastatic site. The role of the sentinel lymph node in cancer metastasis is emphasized. Special attention is also given to state-of-the-art imaging techniques for the detection of early-stage cancer and cancer metastases, as well as the use of liquid biopsies in sarcoma, prostate, gastrointestinal, and lung cancer. Clinical patterns of malignant tumors arising in different organ systems are compared, described, and discussed with the goal of determining what similarities and/or differences exist. The book concludes with a detailed discussion of surgical intervention, radiation, and systemic therapy of primary and metastatic cancer, and briefly previews several emerging topics, such as the latest findings on personalized cancer therapy, cancer stem cells, unique molecular mechanisms of virus-induced cancer, the impact of the microbiome on cancer metastasis and the application of artificial intelligence in cancer metastasis research. By providing fundamental knowledge of the biological and clinical aspects of cancer metastasis, this book will be an important reference for cancer researchers, clinical oncologists, teachers, and students. Written by experts in the field, each chapter includes a summary of the chapter's key points and open-ended questions that address pressing issues in the field and encourage the reader to consider future directions.

Bioinformatics for Vaccinology

Bioinformatics for Vaccinology
Author: Darren R. Flower
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2008-10-13
ISBN 10: 0470699825
ISBN 13: 9780470699829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioinformatics for Vaccinology Book Review:

“... this book was written from start to finish by one extremely dedicated and erudite individual. The author has done an excellent job of covering the many topics that fall under the umbrella of computational biology for vaccine design, demonstrating an admirable command of subject matter in fields as disparate as object-oriented databases and regulation of T cell response. Simply put, it has just the right breadth and depth, and it reads well. In fact, readability is one of its virtues—making the book enticing and useful, all at once...” Human Vaccines, 2010 "... This book has several strong points. Although there are many textbooks that deal with vaccinology, few attempts have been made to bring together descriptions of vaccines in history, basic bioinformatics, various computational solutions and challenges in vaccinology, detailed experimental methodologies, and cutting-edge technologies... This book may well serve as a first line of reference for all biologists and computer scientists..." –Virology Journal, 2009 Vaccines have probably saved more lives and reduced suffering in a greater number of people than any other medical intervention in human history, succeeding in eradicating smallpox and significantly reducing the mortality and incidence of other diseases. However, with the emergence of diseases such as SARS and the threat of biological warfare, vaccination has once again become a topic of major interest in public health. Vaccinology now has at its disposal an array of post-genomic approaches of great power. None has a more persuasive potential impact than the application of computational informatics to vaccine discovery; the recent expansion in genome data and the parallel increase in cheap computing power have placed the bioinformatics exploration of pathogen genomes centre stage for vaccine researchers. This is the first book to address the area of bioinformatics as applied to rational vaccine design, discussing the ways in which bioinformatics can contribute to improved vaccine development by introducing the subject of harnessing the mathematical and computing power inherent in bioinformatics to the study of vaccinology putting it into a historical and societal context, and exploring the scope of its methods and applications. Bioinformatics for Vaccinology is a one-stop introduction to computational vaccinology. It will be of particular interest to bioinformaticians with an interest in immunology, as well as to immunologists, and other biologists who need to understand how advances in theoretical and computational immunobiology can transform their working practices.

Precision Medicine in Cancers and Non Communicable Diseases

Precision Medicine in Cancers and Non Communicable Diseases
Author: Debmalya Barh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 1498775624
ISBN 13: 9781498775625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Precision Medicine in Cancers and Non Communicable Diseases Book Review:

The availability of human genome, large amount of data on individual genetic variations, environmental interactions, influence of lifestyle, and cutting-edge tools and technologies for big-data analysis have led to the era of clinical practice of "Precision Medicine". This book aims to provide a readily available resource on all the important developments achieved so far in the field of oncology. All recent developments have been explained along with epidemiology, technologies and approaches to manage the included diseases. Therefore, readers will get the up to date information on the next-generation approach in tackling all kinds of cancer. Key Features • Presents the latest trend of cancer management based on precision/predictive medicine approach • Reviews the latest and up to date literature in the field of Precision Medicine • Highlights the next generation approach in tackling malignant diseases • Discusses how a life-threatening disease like cancer can be managed with the help of Precision Medicine • Encapsulates a global prospective

Computational Immunology

Computational Immunology
Author: Shyamasree Ghosh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2020-01-31
ISBN 10: 1351023497
ISBN 13: 9781351023498
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Immunology Book Review:

Computational Immunology: Applications focuses on different mathematical models, statistical tools, techniques, and computational modelling that helps in understanding complex phenomena of the immune system and its biological functions. The book also focuses on the latest developments in computational biology in designing of drugs, targets, biomarkers for early detection and prognosis of a disease. It highlights the applications of computational methods in deciphering the complex processes of the immune system and its role in health and disease. This book discusses the most essential topics, including Next generation sequencing (NGS) and computational immunology Computational modelling and biology of diseases Drug designing Computation and identification of biomarkers Application in organ transplantation Application in disease detection and therapy Computational methods and applications in understanding of the invertebrate immune system S Ghosh is MSc, PhD, PGDHE, PGDBI, is PhD from IICB, CSIR, Kolkata, awarded the prestigious National Scholarship from the Government of India. She has worked and published extensively in glycobiology, sialic acids, immunology, stem cells and nanotechnology. She has authored several publications that include books and encyclopedia chapters in reputed journals and books.

Lymphoma Vaccines New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2012 Edition

Lymphoma Vaccines  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2012 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2012-12-10
ISBN 10: 1464982872
ISBN 13: 9781464982873
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lymphoma Vaccines New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2012 Edition Book Review:

Lymphoma Vaccines: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Lymphoma Vaccines in a compact format. The editors have built Lymphoma Vaccines: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Lymphoma Vaccines in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Lymphoma Vaccines: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Cancer and Inflammation

Cancer and Inflammation
Author: Symposium on Cancer and Inflammation
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2004-03-05
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015058867253
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer and Inflammation Book Review:

Chronic inflammation predisposes to some forms of cancer and the host response to malignant disease shows several parallels with inflammation and wound healing. The cells involved in inflammation are detected in a range of common cancers, together with the inflammatory cytokines and members of the chemokine ligand/receptor systems. Neutralization or deletion of the gene for some inflammatory cytokines confers resistance to tumour induction and experimental metastasis. Over-expression of such cytokines in tumour cells may enhance malignant potential. Certain chemokines are likely to subvert antitumour immunity by favouring development of ineffective Type 2 responses. Tumour cells may even utilize chemokine receptors in homing to lymph nodes and other organs. Thus, the cells, cytokines and chemokines found in tumours are more likely to contribute to tumour growth, progression and immunosuppression than they are to mount an effective host antitumour response. This book draws together contributions from an international group of scientists and clinicians from diverse disciplines, ranging from epidemiology to immunology, cell biology, molecular oncology, molecular medicine and pharmacology to debate these and related issues. Topics covered include the epidemiological links between cancer and inflammation, the parallels between inflammation and cancer, the role of inflammation in cancer, inflammatory genes as risk factors for cancer initiation and progression, inflammation and cancer angiogenesis, and preventative and therapeutic strategies. Related Novartis Foundation symposia: 252 Generation and effector functions of regulatory lymphocytes Chair: Jean-François Bach Immunoinformatics: bioinformatic strategies for better understanding of immune function Chair: Hans-Georg Rammensee

Current trends in Bioinformatics An Insight

Current trends in Bioinformatics  An Insight
Author: Gulshan Wadhwa,P. Shanmughavel,Atul Kumar Singh,Jayesh R. Bellare
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2018-07-09
ISBN 10: 9811074836
ISBN 13: 9789811074837
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current trends in Bioinformatics An Insight Book Review:

This book highlights the latest breakthrough developments in bioinformatics. It presents a series of timely, in-depth reviews, drug clinical trial studies, biodiversity informatics and thematic issues. In addition, it includes insightful reviews on advances in computational molecular/structural biology, which address areas such as computing in biomedicine and genomics, computational proteomics and systems biology, and metabolic pathway engineering. Innovations in these fields have direct impacts on key issues related to healthcare, medicine, genetic disorders, the development of agricultural products, renewable energy, and environmental protection. Written by respected leaders in the field and covering a wide range of topics involving the integration of biology with computer and information science, the book offers an ideal basis for teaching at the undergraduate and graduate levels. It can also be used for self-instruction by research investigators interested in applying bioinformatics-based analytical methods and information technologists working with academic and industrial laboratories.

Topics on Cervical Cancer With an Advocacy for Prevention

Topics on Cervical Cancer With an Advocacy for Prevention
Author: Rajamanickam Rajkumar
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2012-03-02
ISBN 10: 9535101838
ISBN 13: 9789535101833
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Topics on Cervical Cancer With an Advocacy for Prevention Book Review:

Cervical Cancer is one of the leading cancers among women, especially in developing countries. Prevention and control are the most important public health strategies. Empowerment of women, education, "earlier" screening by affordable technologies like visual inspection, and treatment of precancers by cryotherapy/ LEEP are the most promising interventions to reduce the burden of cervical cancer.Dr Rajamanickam Rajkumar had the privilege of establishing a rural population based cancer registry in South India in 1996, as well as planning and implementing a large scale screening program for cervical cancer in 2000. The program was able to show a reduction in the incidence rate of cervical cancer by 25%, and reduction in mortality rate by 35%. This was the greatest inspiration for him to work on cerrvical cancer prevention, and he edited this book to inspire others to initiate such programs in developing countries. InTech - Open Access Publisher plays a major role in this crusade against cancer, and the authors have contributed to it very well.

Problem Solving in Cancer Immunotherapy

Problem Solving in Cancer Immunotherapy
Author: Ruth E Board,Paul Nathan,Tom Newsom-Davis,Sophie Papa,Peter Johnson
Publsiher: Evidence-based Networks Ltd
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2019-01-07
ISBN 10: 0995595429
ISBN 13: 9780995595422
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Problem Solving in Cancer Immunotherapy Book Review:

· a multidisciplinary review including the latest developments in cancer immunotherapy from over 70 experts and leaders · hands-on, practical guide to immunotherapy for hospital and community teams, GPs and allied care professionals, including 23 case studies · a valuable learning tool for doctors, nurses, graduate medical trainees, care managers and anyone involved in cancer care produced in partnership with the Association of Cancer Physicians (ACP) Editors and authors have drawn on their expertise and growing experience of immunotherapy to produce this practical guide to cancer immunotherapy. It provides a compendium of best practice, including 23 case studies to act as models for professionals making decisions, either for individual patients or as the basis for using immunotherapy across an organisation, planning area, region or country. As well as introducing key concepts, expert practitioners provide a guide to future treatments using novel technologies, discuss key problems and suggest solutions, and consider the costs of immunotherapy treatments. This guide is designed as a handbook for practising clinicians and professionals. It is also an excellent training tool that will help new teams and clinical staff to align thinking, develop procedures, and adopt best practice.

Drugs Advances in Research and Application 2011 Edition

Drugs  Advances in Research and Application  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 891
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN 10: 1464920931
ISBN 13: 9781464920936
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drugs Advances in Research and Application 2011 Edition Book Review:

Drugs: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Trials. The editors have built Drugs: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Trials in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Drugs: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.