Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes
Author: Salvador Avila Filho,Ivone Conceicao de Souza Cerqueira,Carine Nogueira Santino
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2022-03-23
ISBN 10: 0128196513
ISBN 13: 9780128196519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes Book Review:

Human reliability is an issue that is increasingly discussed in the process and manufacturing industries to check factors that influence operator performance and trigger errors. Human Factor and Reliability Analysis to Prevent Losses in Industrial Processes: An Operational Culture Perspective provides a multidisciplinary analysis of work concepts and environments to reduce human error and prevent material, energy, image, and time losses. The book presents a methodology for the quantification and investigation of human reliability, and verification of the influence of human factors in the generation of process losses, consisting of the following steps: contextualization, data collection, and results; performing task and loss observation; socio-technical variable analyses; and data processing. Investigating human reliability, concepts, and models in situations of human error in practice, the book identifies where low reliability occurs and then visualizes where and how to perform an intervention. This guide is an excellent resource for professionals in chemical, petrochemical, oil, and nuclear industries for managing and analyzing safety and loss risks and for students in chemical and process engineering. Relates human reliability to the environment, leadership, decision models, possible mistakes and successes, mental map constructions, and organizational cultures Provides techniques for the diagnosis of human and operational reliability Gives examples of the application of methodologies in the stage of diagnosis and program construction Discusses competences for the analysis of process losses in industry Investigates real-life situations where human errors cause losses Includes practical examples and case studies

Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees  Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Author: Frank Lees
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 3680
Release: 2005-01-25
ISBN 10: 0080489338
ISBN 13: 9780080489339
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Book Review:

Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world’s chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia. New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. * A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals * The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety * Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
Author: Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2013-07-08
ISBN 10: 0444543244
ISBN 13: 9780444543240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book Review:

Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
Author: Alessandro Tugnoli,Valerio Cozzani,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2013-07-08
ISBN 10: 0128082461
ISBN 13: 9780128082461
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book Review:

Fragments projected by equipment failures are a relevant cause of escalation leading to domino accidents. The patterns underlying this escalation mechanism were revised in detail. The fundamental phenomena available to cope with the three main steps of the phenomena (fragment formation, fragment ejection and flight, and damage from fragment impact on a target) were analyzed in detail. Models available for the calculation of escalation probability due to fragments are reported and their potentialities and limitations are discussed.

From Safety to Safety Science

From Safety to Safety Science
Author: Paul Swuste,Jop Groeneweg,Frank W. Guldenmund,Coen van Gulijk,Saul Lemkowitz,Yvette Oostendorp,Walter Zwaard
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2021-11-30
ISBN 10: 1000486818
ISBN 13: 9781000486810
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Safety to Safety Science Book Review:

How do accidents and disasters occur? How has knowledge of accident processes evolved? A significant improvement in safety has occurred during the past century, with the number of accidents falling spectacularly within industry, aviation and road traffic. This progress has been gradual in the context of a changing society. The improvements are partly due to a better understanding of the accident processes that ultimately lead to damage. This book shows how contemporary crises instigated the development of safety knowledge and how the safety sciences pieced their theories together by research, by experience and by taking ideas from other domains. From Safety to Safety Science details 150 years of knowledge development in the safety sciences. The authors have rigorously extracted the essence of safety knowledge development from more than 2,500 articles to provide a unique overview and insight into the background and usability of safety theories, as well as modelling how they developed and how they are used today. Extensive appendices and references provide an additional dimension to support further scholarly work in this field. The book is divided into clear time periods to make it an accessible piece of science history that will be invaluable to both new and experienced safety researchers, to safety courses and education, and to learned practitioners.

Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
Author: Ronald W. McLeod
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2015-03-21
ISBN 10: 0081005261
ISBN 13: 9780081005262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Designing for Human Reliability Book Review:

Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method CREAM

Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method  CREAM
Author: E. Hollnagel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 302
Release: 1998-01-23
ISBN 10: 9780080529295
ISBN 13: 0080529291
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method CREAM Book Review:

The growing dependence of working environments on complex technology has created many challenges and lead to a large number of accidents. Although the quality of organization and management within the work environment plays an important role in these accidents, the significance of individual human action (as a direct cause and as a mitigating factor) is undeniable. This has created a need for new, integrated approaches to accident analysis and risk assessment. This book detailing the use of CREAM is, therefore, both timely and useful. It presents an error taxonomy which integrates individual, technological and organizational factors based on cognitive engineering principles. In addition to the necessary theoretical foundation, it provides a step-by-step description of how the taxonomy can be applied to analyse as well as predict performance using a context-dependent cognitive model. CREAM can be used as a second-generation human reliability analysis (HRA) approach in probabilistic safety assessment (PSA), as a stand-alone method for accident analysis and as part of a larger design method for interactive systems. In particular, the use of CREAM will enable system designers and risk analysts to: • identify tasks that require human cognition and therefore depend on cognitive reliability • determine the conditions where cognitive reliability and ensuing risk may be reduced • provide an appraisal of the consequences of human performance on system safety which can be used in PSA.

Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry

Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry
Author: J. S. Arendt,D K. Lorenzo
Publsiher: Wiley-AIChE
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015049707295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry Book Review:

Summarizes some of the wisdom accumulated by chemical process industry risk analysis practitioners and safety professionals, providing information on the applicability of quantitative risk analysis (QRA) to the chemical processing industry. Discusses essentials of QRA, outlines considerations for deciding when to apply QRA, and describes practical situations in which QRA may be used successfully. Overviews the process of setting up an individual QRA, discusses the importance of defining the right problem for analysis, and overviews various classes of QRA techniques. The authors are affiliated with EQE International, Inc. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World

Safety and Reliability     Safe Societies in a Changing World
Author: Stein Haugen,Anne Barros,Coen van Gulijk,Trond Kongsvik,Jan Erik Vinnem
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 3202
Release: 2018-06-15
ISBN 10: 1351174649
ISBN 13: 9781351174640
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World Book Review:

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World collects the papers presented at the 28th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2018 in Trondheim, Norway, June 17-21, 2018. The contributions cover a wide range of methodologies and application areas for safety and reliability that contribute to safe societies in a changing world. These methodologies and applications include: - foundations of risk and reliability assessment and management - mathematical methods in reliability and safety - risk assessment - risk management - system reliability - uncertainty analysis - digitalization and big data - prognostics and system health management - occupational safety - accident and incident modeling - maintenance modeling and applications - simulation for safety and reliability analysis - dynamic risk and barrier management - organizational factors and safety culture - human factors and human reliability - resilience engineering - structural reliability - natural hazards - security - economic analysis in risk management Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World will be invaluable to academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors: offshore oil and gas, nuclear engineering, aeronautics and aerospace, marine transport and engineering, railways, road transport, automotive engineering, civil engineering, critical infrastructures, electrical and electronic engineering, energy production and distribution, environmental engineering, information technology and telecommunications, insurance and finance, manufacturing, marine transport, mechanical engineering, security and protection, and policy making.

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2007-02-03
ISBN 10: 9780470118832
ISBN 13: 0470118830
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries Book Review:

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury and death, damage to the environment, fines, and business losses due to ruined batches, off-spec products, unplanned shutdowns, and other adverse effects. Prevention of these incidents increases productivity and profits. Complete with examples, case histories, techniques, and implementation methodologies, Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries helps managers and engineering staff design and execute an efficient program. Organized for topical reference, the book includes: An overview on implementing a human factors program at the corporate level or the plant level, covering the business value, developing a program to meet specific needs, improving existing systems, roles and responsibilities, measures of performance, and more Summaries of forty different human factors relating to process safety, with a description of the tools, a practical example with graphics and visual aids, and additional resources Information on addressing the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) requirement for conducting human factors reviews in process hazard analyses (PHAs) A CD-ROM with a color version of the book Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

NUREG CR

NUREG CR
Author: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1978
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D008306740
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NUREG CR Book Review:

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2010-08-13
ISBN 10: 0470925086
ISBN 13: 9780470925089
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety Book Review:

Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce human error at all levels. In eight chapters--packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems--the book challenges the assumption that human error is "unavoidable." Instead, it suggests a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and demands and inappropriate organizational culture. This makes error a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable.

Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation

Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety),American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety
Publsiher: Wiley-AIChE
Total Pages: 386
Release: 1995-04-15
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105018426523
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation Book Review:

The process industry has developed integrated process safety management programs to reduce or eliminate incidents and major consequences, such as injury, loss of life, property damage, environmental harm, and business interruption. Good documentation practices are a crucial part of retaining past knowledge and experience, and avoiding relearning old lessons. Following an introduction, which offers examples of how proper documentation might have prevented major explosions and serious incidents, the 21 sections in this book clearly present aims, goals, and methodology in all areas of documentation. The text contains examples of dozens of needed forms, lists of relevant industry organizations, sources for software, references, OSHA regulations, sample plans, and more.

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 784
Release: 1999-10-15
ISBN 10: 081690720X
ISBN 13: 9780816907205
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis Book Review:

Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

Advances in Safety Reliability and Risk Management

Advances in Safety  Reliability and Risk Management
Author: Christophe Berenguer,Antoine Grall,Carlos Guedes Soares
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 3076
Release: 2011-08-31
ISBN 10: 0203135105
ISBN 13: 9780203135105
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Safety Reliability and Risk Management Book Review:

Advances in Safety, Reliability and Risk Management contains the papers presented at the 20th European Safety and Reliability (ESREL 2011) annual conference in Troyes, France, in September 2011. The books covers a wide range of topics, including: Accident and Incident Investigation; Bayesian methods; Crisis and Emergency Management; Decision Making

A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis

A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis
Author: Douglas A. Wiegmann,Scott A. Shappell
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2017-12-22
ISBN 10: 1351962353
ISBN 13: 9781351962353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis Book Review:

Human error is implicated in nearly all aviation accidents, yet most investigation and prevention programs are not designed around any theoretical framework of human error. Appropriate for all levels of expertise, the book provides the knowledge and tools required to conduct a human error analysis of accidents, regardless of operational setting (i.e. military, commercial, or general aviation). The book contains a complete description of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS), which incorporates James Reason's model of latent and active failures as a foundation. Widely disseminated among military and civilian organizations, HFACS encompasses all aspects of human error, including the conditions of operators and elements of supervisory and organizational failure. It attracts a very broad readership. Specifically, the book serves as the main textbook for a course in aviation accident investigation taught by one of the authors at the University of Illinois. This book will also be used in courses designed for military safety officers and flight surgeons in the U.S. Navy, Army and the Canadian Defense Force, who currently utilize the HFACS system during aviation accident investigations. Additionally, the book has been incorporated into the popular workshop on accident analysis and prevention provided by the authors at several professional conferences world-wide. The book is also targeted for students attending Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University which has satellite campuses throughout the world and offers a course in human factors accident investigation for many of its majors. In addition, the book will be incorporated into courses offered by Transportation Safety International and the Southern California Safety Institute. Finally, this book serves as an excellent reference guide for many safety professionals and investigators already in the field.

Space Safety and Human Performance

Space Safety and Human Performance
Author: Barbara G. Kanki,Jean-Francois Clervoy,Gro Sandal
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2017-11-10
ISBN 10: 0081018703
ISBN 13: 9780081018705
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Safety and Human Performance Book Review:

Space Safety and Human Performance provides a comprehensive reference for engineers and technical managers within aerospace and high technology companies, space agencies, operators, and consulting firms. The book draws upon the expertise of the world’s leading experts in the field and focuses primarily on humans in spaceflight, but also covers operators of control centers on the ground and behavior aspects of complex organizations, thus addressing the entire spectrum of space actors. During spaceflight, human performance can be deeply affected by physical, psychological and psychosocial stressors. Strict selection, intensive training and adequate operational rules are used to fight performance degradation and prepare individuals and teams to effectively manage systems failures and challenging emergencies. The book is endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS). Provides information on critical aspects of human performance in space missions Addresses the issue of human performance, from physical and psychosocial stressors that can degrade performance, to selection and training principles and techniques to enhance performance Brings together essential material on: cognition and human error; advanced analysis methods such as human reliability analysis; environmental challenges and human performance in space missions; critical human factors and man/machine interfaces in space systems design; crew selection and training; and organizational behavior and safety culture Includes an endorsement by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS)

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes Gas Oil and Chemicals

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes   Gas  Oil and Chemicals
Author: Hans J Pasman
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2015-06-29
ISBN 10: 9780128000571
ISBN 13: 0128000570
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes Gas Oil and Chemicals Book Review:

Risk Analysis and Control for Industrial Processes - Gas, Oil and Chemicals provides an analysis of current approaches for preventing disasters, and gives readers an overview on which methods to adopt. The book covers safety regulations, history and trends, industrial disasters, safety problems, safety tools, and capital and operational costs versus the benefits of safety, all supporting project decision processes. Tools covered include present day array of risk assessment, tools including HAZOP, LOPA and ORA, but also new approaches such as System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA), Blended HAZID, applications of Bayesian data analytics, Bayesian networks, and others. The text is supported by valuable examples to help the reader achieve a greater understanding on how to perform safety analysis, identify potential issues, and predict the likelihood they may appear. Presents new methods on how to identify hazards of low probability/high consequence events Contains information on how to develop and install safeguards against such events, with guidance on how to quantify risk and its uncertainty, and how to make economic and societal decisions about risk Demonstrates key concepts through the use of examples and relevant case studies

International Process Safety Management Conference and Workshop

International Process Safety Management Conference and Workshop
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers
Total Pages: 560
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015032948716
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Process Safety Management Conference and Workshop Book Review:

The proceedings of the conference and workshop held in San Francisco, September 1993, comprise 25 papers, two workshops, and 12 posters. Among the paper topics: planning guidelines for acute risk management the Canadian chemical industry experience; a review of the role of cost-benefit analysis as a

Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Author: Frank P. Lees
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 666
Release: 1980
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4125658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Loss Prevention in the Process Industries Book Review: