Handbook of Biofuels Production

Handbook of Biofuels Production
Author: Rafael Luque,Carol Sze Ki Lin,Karen Wilson,James Clark
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 770
Release: 2016-05-19
ISBN 10: 0081004567
ISBN 13: 9780081004562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biofuels Production Book Review:

Handbook of Biofuels Production, Second Edition, discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The book provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. Key changes for this second edition include increased coverage of emerging feedstocks, including microalgae, more emphasis on by-product valorization for biofuels’ production, additional chapters on emerging biofuel production methods, and discussion of the emissions associated with biofuel use in engines. The editorial team is strengthened by the addition of two extra members, and a number of new contributors have been invited to work with authors from the first edition to revise existing chapters, thus offering fresh perspectives. Provides systematic and detailed coverage of the processes and technologies being used for biofuel production Discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage Reviews the production of both first and second generation biofuels Addresses integrated biofuel production in biorefineries and the use of waste materials as feedstocks

Handbook of Biofuels

Handbook of Biofuels
Author: Sanjay Sahay
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 690
Release: 2021-10-31
ISBN 10: 0128231335
ISBN 13: 9780128231333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biofuels Book Review:

Handbook of Biofuels looks at the many new developments in various type of bioenergy, along with the significant constraints in their production and/or applications. Beyond introducing current approaches and possible future directions of research, this title covers sources and processing of raw materials to downstream processing, constraints involved and research approaches to address and overcome these needs. Different combinations of products from the biorefinery are included, along with the material to answer questions surrounding the optimum process conditions for conversion of different feedstocks to bioenergy, the basis for choosing conversion technology, and what bioenergy products make economic sense. With chapters on the techno-economic analysis of biofuel production and concepts and step-by-step approaches in bioenergy processing, the objective of this book is to present a comprehensive and all-encompassing reference about bioenergy to students, teachers, researchers and professionals. Reviews all existing and emerging technologies surrounding the production of advanced biofuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol Includes biofuel applications with compatible global application case studies Offers new pathways for converting biomass

Handbook of Algal Biofuels

Handbook of Algal Biofuels
Author: Mostafa El-Sheekh,Abd El-Fatah Abomohra
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2021-12-10
ISBN 10: 0128241810
ISBN 13: 9780128241813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Algal Biofuels Book Review:

Handbook of Algal Biofuels: Aspects of Cultivation, Conversion and Biorefinery comprehensively covers the cultivation, harvesting, conversion and utilization of algae for biofuels. Section cover algal diversity and composition, micro- and macroalgal diversity, classification and composition, their cultivation, biotechnological applications, and their current use in industry in biofuels and value-added products. Other sections address algal biofuel production, presenting detailed guidelines and protocols for the production of biodiesel, biogas, bioethanol, biobutanol and biohydrogen, along with thermochemical conversation techniques and integrated approaches for enhanced biofuel production. This book offers an all-in-one resource for researchers, graduate students and industry professionals working in the area of biofuels and phycology. It will be of interest to engineers working in Renewable Energy, Bioenergy and alternative fuels, Biotechnology, and Chemical Engineering. Provides complete coverage of the biofuel production process, from cultivation to biorefinery Includes a detailed discussion of process intensification, lifecycle analysis and biofuel byproducts Describes key aspects of algal diversity and composition, including their cultivation, harvesting and advantages over conventional biomass

The Biodiesel Handbook

The Biodiesel Handbook
Author: Gerhard Knothe,Jürgen Krahl,Jon Van Gerpen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2015-08-13
ISBN 10: 0983507260
ISBN 13: 9780983507260
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biodiesel Handbook Book Review:

The second edition of this invaluable handbook covers converting vegetable oils, animal fats, and used oils into biodiesel fuel. The Biodiesel Handbook delivers solutions to issues associated with biodiesel feedstocks, production issues, quality control, viscosity, stability, applications, emissions, and other environmental impacts, as well as the status of the biodiesel industry worldwide. Incorporates the major research and other developments in the world of biodiesel in a comprehensive and practical format Includes reference materials and tables on biodiesel standards, unit conversions, and technical details in four appendices Presents details on other uses of biodiesel and other alternative diesel fuels from oils and fats

Handbook of Biofuels Production

Handbook of Biofuels Production
Author: Rafael Luque,James Clark
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2010-11-25
ISBN 10: 0857090496
ISBN 13: 9780857090492
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biofuels Production Book Review:

In response to the global increase in the use of biofuels as substitute transportation fuels, advanced chemical, biochemical and thermochemical biofuels production routes are fast being developed. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The range of biofuels has also increased to supplement bioethanol and biodiesel production, with market developments leading to the increased production and utilisation of such biofuels as biosyngas, biohydrogen and biobutanol, among others. Handbook of biofuels production provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. Part one reviews the key issues in the biofuels production chain, including feedstocks, sustainability assessment and policy development. Part two reviews chemical and biochemical conversion and in turn Part three reviews thermal and thermo-chemical conversion, with both sections detailing the wide range of processes and technologies applicable to the production of first, second and third generation biofuels. Finally, Part four reviews developments in the integration of biofuels production, including biorefineries and by-product valorisation, as well as the utilisation of biofuels in diesel engines. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Handbook of biofuels production is a standard reference for biofuels production engineers, industrial chemists and biochemists, plant scientists, academics and researchers in this area. A comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technologies Addresses the key issues in the biofuels production chain, including feedstocks, sustainability assessment and policy development Reviews chemical and bio-chemical conversion techniques as well as thermal and thermo-chemical conversion, detailing the range of processes and technologies applicable to biofuels production

Practical Handbook on Biodiesel Production and Properties

Practical Handbook on Biodiesel Production and Properties
Author: Mushtaq Ahmad,Mir Ajab Khan,Muhammad Zafar,Shazia Sultana
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 167
Release: 2012-09-25
ISBN 10: 1466507446
ISBN 13: 9781466507449
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practical Handbook on Biodiesel Production and Properties Book Review:

Biodiesel-a fuel substitute produced from vegetable oils, animal fats, or algae-is one of the most important renewable natural resources for agrarian countries. The justification for developing biodiesel as an alternate fuel is manifold, and rising crude oil prices and the vulnerability of energy security have made biodiesel necessary and inevitabl

The Biofuels Handbook

The Biofuels Handbook
Author: James G Speight
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-10-09
ISBN 10: 178262628X
ISBN 13: 9781782626282
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biofuels Handbook Book Review:

Petroleum-based fuels are well-established products that have served industry and consumers for more than one hundred years. However petroleum, once considered inexhaustible, is now being depleted at a rapid rate. As the amount of available petroleum decreases, the need for alternative technologies to produce liquid fuels that could potentially help prolong the liquid fuels culture and mitigate the forthcoming effects of the shortage of transportation fuels is being sought. The dynamics are now coming into place for the establishment of a synthetic fuels industry; the processes for recovery of raw materials and processing options have to change to increase the efficiency of oil production and it is up to various levels of government not only to promote the establishment of such an industry but to recognise the need for available and variable technology. This timely handbook is written to assist the reader in understanding the options that available for the production of synthetic fuel from biological sources. Each chapter contains tables of the chemical and physical properties of the fuels and fuel sources. It is essential that the properties of such materials be presented in order to assist the researcher to understand the nature of the feedstocks as well as the nature of the products. If a product cannot be employed for its hope-for-use, it is not a desirable product and must be changed accordingly. Such plans can only be made when the properties of the original product are understood. The fuels considered include conventional and unconventional fuel sources; the production and properties of fuels from biomass, crops, wood, domestic and industrial waste and landfill gas.

Handbook on Bioethanol

Handbook on Bioethanol
Author: Charles Wyman
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2018-05-02
ISBN 10: 1351441760
ISBN 13: 9781351441766
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on Bioethanol Book Review:

Bioethanol is a versatile transportation fuel and fuel additive that offers excellent performance and reduced air pollution compared to conventional fuels. Its production and use adds little, if any, net release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, dramatically reducing the potential for global climate change. Through a sustained research program and an emerging economic competitiveness, the technology for bioethanol production is poised for immediate widespread commercial applications. Written by engineers and scientists providing a technical focus, this handbook provides the up-to-date information needed by managers, engineers, and scientists to evaluate the technology, market, and economics of this fuel, while examining the development of production required to support its commercial use.

Handbook of Algal Science Technology and Medicine

Handbook of Algal Science  Technology and Medicine
Author: Ozcan Konur
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 765
Release: 2020-03-28
ISBN 10: 0128183063
ISBN 13: 9780128183069
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Algal Science Technology and Medicine Book Review:

Handbook of Algal Science, Microbiology, Technology and Medicine provides a concise introduction to the science, biology, technology and medical use of algae that is structured on the major research fronts of the last four decades, such as algal structures and properties, algal biomedicine, algal genomics, algal toxicology, and algal bioremediation, algal photosystems, algal ecology, algal bioenergy and biofuels. It also covers algal production for biomedicine, algal biomaterials, and algal medicinal foods within these primary sections. All chapters are authored by the leading researchers in their respective research fields. Our society currently faces insurmountable challenges in the areas of biomedicine and energy in the face of increasing global population and diminishing natural resources as well as the growing environmental and economic concerns, such as global warming, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Algae offer a way to deal with these challenges and concerns for both sustainable and environment friendly bioenergy production and in biomedicine through the development of crucial biotechnology. Provides an essential interdisciplinary introduction and handbook for all the stakeholders engaged in science, technology and medicine of algae Covers the major research streams of the last four decades, ranging from algal structures, to algal biomedicine and algal bioremediation Fills a significant market opening for an interdisciplinary handbook on algal science, technology and medicine

Handbook of Plant Based Biofuels

Handbook of Plant Based Biofuels
Author: Ashok Pandey
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2008-09-26
ISBN 10: 9781560221753
ISBN 13: 1560221755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Plant Based Biofuels Book Review:

Explores Worldwide Trends Involving the Production and Use of Biofuels With the depletion of oil resources as well as the negative environmental impact of fossil fuels, there is much interest in alternative energy sources. Focusing on some of the most important alternate energy sources for the foreseeable future, the Handbook of Plant-Based Biofuels provides state-of-the-art information on the status of the production of biofuels, in particular, bioethanol and biodiesel. Introduction to Biofuels After profiling plant-based biofuels, the book gives an overview of the production of biofuels from biomass materials by thermochemical and biochemical methods. It examines the thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquids and gaseous fuels. Production of Bioethanol The handbook then analyzes current biomass-to-ethanol programs, followed by a discussion on ethanol fermentation from molasses and process practices applied for the improvement of ethanol production by ethanologenic microorganisms. It also explains the hydrolysis and fermentation of ethanol from starchy and lignocellulosic biomasses. Production of Biodiesel In the final chapters, the contributors discuss current perspectives and the future of biodiesel production. They explore biodiesel production substrates, the lipase-catalyzed preparation of biodiesel, and biodiesel production with supercritical fluid technologies.

Handbook of Bioenergy Crops

Handbook of Bioenergy Crops
Author: Nasir El Bassam
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1849774781
ISBN 13: 9781849774789
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Bioenergy Crops Book Review:

This completely revised second edition includes new information on biomass in relation to climate change, new coverage of vital issues including the "food versus fuel" debate, and essential new information on "second generation" fuels and advances in conversion techniques. The book begins with a guide to biomass accumulation, harvesting, transportation and storage, as well as conversion technologies for biofuels. This is followed by an examination of the environmental impact and economic and social dimensions, including prospects for renewable energy. The book then goes on to cover all the main potential energy crops.

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants
Author: Chittaranjan Kole,Chandrashekhar P. Joshi,David R. Shonnard
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 874
Release: 2012-03-22
ISBN 10: 1439816859
ISBN 13: 9781439816851
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants Book Review:

As the world's population is projected to reach 10 billion or more by 2100, devastating fossil fuel shortages loom in the future unless more renewable alternatives to energy are developed. Bioenergy, in the form of cellulosic biomass, starch, sugar, and oils from crop plants, has emerged as one of the cheaper, cleaner, and environmentally sustainab

Sustainable Fuel Technologies Handbook

Sustainable Fuel Technologies Handbook
Author: Suman Dutta,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2020-09-25
ISBN 10: 0128225602
ISBN 13: 9780128225608
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Fuel Technologies Handbook Book Review:

Sustainable Fuel Technologies Handbook provides a thorough thermodynamic analysis of new and current methods to give detailed insight into energy efficiency processes. This book includes the production methods, storage systems, and applications in various engines, as well as the safety related issues associated with all stages of production, storage, and utilization. With a comparison of cost implications and a techno-economic evaluation checking the feasibility of sustainable fuel use, this handbook is an invaluable reference source for researchers, professionals, and scientists working in the field of sustainability. The present power from solar, biomass, wind, hydrogen and other forms of renewable energy generated from sustainable sources can be harvested by various means and utilized in a variety of industries, supporting the need for clean fuels in modern society. However, there is still limited global availability and insufficient storage, which are required for efficient and effective harvesting of sustainable fuels. Discusses new and innovative sustainable fuel technologies Provides an integrated approach for modern tools, methodologies, and indicators in sustainable technologies Evaluates advanced fuel technologies alongside other transformational options

Fermentation and Biochemical Engineering Handbook 2nd Ed

Fermentation and Biochemical Engineering Handbook  2nd Ed
Author: Henry C. Vogel,Celeste M. Todaro
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 828
Release: 1996-12-31
ISBN 10: 0815517130
ISBN 13: 9780815517139
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fermentation and Biochemical Engineering Handbook 2nd Ed Book Review:

This is a well-rounded handbook of fermentation and biochemical engineering presenting techniques for the commercial production of chemicals and pharmaceuticals via fermentation. Emphasis is given to unit operations fermentation, separation, purification, and recovery. Principles, process design, and equipment are detailed. Environment aspects are covered. The practical aspects of development, design, and operation are stressed. Theory is included to provide the necessary insight for a particular operation. Problems addressed are the collection of pilot data, choice of scale-up parameters, selection of the right piece of equipment, pinpointing of likely trouble spots, and methods of troubleshooting. The text, written from a practical and operating viewpoint, will assist development, design, engineering and production personnel in the fermentation industry. Contributors were selected based on their industrial background and orientation. The book is illustrated with numerous figures, photographs and schematic diagrams.

The Biomass Assessment Handbook

The Biomass Assessment Handbook
Author: Frank Rosillo-Calle,Jeremy Woods
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2012-04-27
ISBN 10: 1136554890
ISBN 13: 9781136554896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biomass Assessment Handbook Book Review:

The increasing importance of biomass as a renewable energy source has lead to an acute need for reliable and detailed information on its assessment, consumption and supply. Responding to this need, and overcoming the lack of standardized measurement and accounting procedures, this handbook provides the reader with the skills to understand the biomass resource base, the tools to assess the resource, and explores the pros and cons of exploitation. Topics covered include assessment methods for woody and herbaceous biomass, biomass supply and consumption, remote sensing techniques as well as vital policy issues. International case studies, ranging from techniques for measuring tree volume to transporting biomass, help to illustrate step-by-step methods and are based on field work experience. Technical appendices offer a glossary of terms, energy units and other valuable resource data.

Petrodiesel Fuels

Petrodiesel Fuels
Author: Ozcan Konur
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2021-05-06
ISBN 10: 1000348687
ISBN 13: 9781000348682
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Petrodiesel Fuels Book Review:

This third volume of the handbook presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of petrodiesel fuels. Following the substantial public concerns on the adverse impact of the emissions from petrodiesel fuels on the environment and human health, the research has intensified in the areas related to the reduction of these adverse effects. Thus, bioremediation of spills from crude oils and petrodiesel fuels at sea and soils as well as desulfurization of petrodiesel fuels have emerged as publicly important research areas. Similarly, the emissions from diesel fuel exhausts, due to their adverse effects on both human health and environment, have been researched more in recent years. These emissions cover particulate emissions, aerosol emissions, and NOx emissions. Research on the adverse impact of petrodiesel fuel exhaust emissions on human health has primarily progressed along the lines of respiratory illnesses, cancer, and other illnesses, such as cardiovascular illnesses, brain illnesses, and reproductive system illnesses, through human, animal, and in vitro studies. It is clear that these illnesses caused by the petrodiesel fuel exhaust emissions have been one of the most significant reasons to develop alternative biodiesel fuels. Part IX presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of crude oils covering major research fronts. It covers crude oil spills in general, crude oil spills and their cleanup, properties and removal of crude oils, biodegradation of crude oil-contaminated soils, and crude oil recovery besides an overview paper. Part X presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of petrodiesel fuels in general covering major research fronts. It covers combustion of biodiesel fuels in diesel engines, bioremediation of biodiesel fuel-contaminated soils, biodiesel power generation, and desulfurization of diesel fuels besides an overview paper. Part XI presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of emissions from petrodiesel fuels covering major research fronts. It covers diesel emission mitigation, diesel particulate emissions, and diesel NOx emissions, besides an overview paper. Part XII presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of the health impact of the emissions from petrodiesel fuels covering major research fronts. It covers respiratory illnesses, cancer, cardiovascular, brain, and reproductive system illnesses, besides an overview paper. This book will be useful to academics and professionals in the fields of Energy Fuels, Public Environmental Occupational Health, Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Immunology, Respiratory System, Allergy, and Oncology. Ozcan Konur is both a materials scientist and social scientist by training. He has published around 200 journal papers, book chapters, and conference papers. He has focused on the bioenergy and biofuels in recent years. In 2018, he edited Bioenergy and Biofuels, which brought together the work of over 30 experts in their respective field. He also edited the Handbook of Algal Science, Technology, and Medicine with a strong section on the algal biofuels in 2020.

Introduction to Biofuels

Introduction to Biofuels
Author: David M. Mousdale
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2010-07-29
ISBN 10: 143981208X
ISBN 13: 9781439812082
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Biofuels Book Review:

What role will biofuels play in the scientific portfolio that might bring energy independence and security, revitalize rural infrastructures, and wean us off of our addiction to oil? The shifting energy landscape of the 21st century, with its increased demand for renewable energy technology, poses a worrying challenge. Discussing the multidisciplin

Handbook of Cellulosic Ethanol

Handbook of Cellulosic Ethanol
Author: Ananda S. Amarasekara
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2013-12-17
ISBN 10: 1118878426
ISBN 13: 9781118878422
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Cellulosic Ethanol Book Review:

Comprehensive coverage on the growing science and technologyof producing ethanol from the world's abundant cellulosicbiomass The inevitable decline in petroleum reserves and its impact ongasoline prices, combined with climate change concerns, havecontributed to current interest in renewable fuels. Bioethanol isthe most successful renewable transport fuel—with corn andsugarcane ethanol currently in wide use as blend-in fuels in theUnited States, Brazil, and a few other countries. However, thereare a number of major drawbacks in these first-generation biofuels,such as their effect on food prices, net energy balance, and poorgreenhouse gas mitigation. Alternatively, cellulosic ethanol can beproduced from abundant lignocellulosic biomass forms such asagricultural or municipal wastes, forest residues, fast growingtrees, or grasses grown in marginal lands, and should be produciblein substantial amounts to meet growing global energy demand. The Handbook of Cellulosic Ethanol covers all aspects ofthis new and vital alternative fuel source, providing readers withthe background, scientific theory, and recent research progress inproducing cellulosic ethanol via different biochemical routes, aswell as future directions. The seventeen chapters includeinformation on: Advantages of cellulosic ethanol over first-generation ethanolas a transportation fuel Various biomass feedstocks that can be used to make cellulosicethanol Details of the aqueous phase or cellulolysis route,pretreatment, enzyme or acid saccharification, fermentation,simultaneous saccharification fermentation, consolidatedbioprocessing, genetically modified microorganisms, and yeasts Details of the syngas fermentation or thermochemical route,gasifiers, syngas cleaning, microorganisms for syngas fermentation,and chemical catalysts for syngas-to-ethanol conversion Distillation and dehydration to fuel-grade ethanol Techno-economical aspects and the future of cellulosicethanol Readership Chemical engineers, chemists, and technicians working onrenewable energy and fuels in industry, research institutions, anduniversities. The Handbook can also be used by studentsinterested in biofuels and renewable energy issues.

Handbook of Marine Microalgae

Handbook of Marine Microalgae
Author: Se-Kwon Kim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2015-05-27
ISBN 10: 9780128007761
ISBN 13: 0128007761
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Marine Microalgae Book Review:

Handbook of Microalgae: Biotechnology Advances offers complete coverage of marine microalgae, including biology, production techniques, biotechnological applications, economic perspectives of applications, and environmental effects of marine microalgae blooms. With contributions from world experts, Handbook of Microalgae: Biotechnology Advances focuses on microalgae from an organism perspective to offer a complete picture from evolution to biofuel. Focuses on a comprehensive approach from an organism point of view Contains full coverage of all aspects of microalgae from biology through biotechnological and biomedical applications Includes biological properties of commercial algal species Provides microalgae screening and identification methods, culturing methods and new aspects of processing

Biofuels Production and Processing Technology

Biofuels Production and Processing Technology
Author: M.R. Riazi,David Chiaramonti
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 690
Release: 2017-10-10
ISBN 10: 1498778941
ISBN 13: 9781498778947
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Production and Processing Technology Book Review:

The importance of biofuels in greening the transport sector in the future is unquestionable, given the limited available fossil energy resources, the environmental issues associated to the utilization of fossil fuels, and the increasing attention to security of supply. This comprehensive reference presents the latest technology in all aspects of biofuels production, processing, properties, raw materials, and related economic and environmental aspects. Presenting the application of methods and technology with minimum math and theory, it compiles a wide range of topics not usually covered in one single book. It discusses development of new catalysts, reactors, controllers, simulators, online analyzers, and waste minimization as well as design and operational aspects of processing units and financial and economic aspects. The book rounds out by describing properties, specifications, and quality of various biofuel products and new advances and trends towards future technology.