Genetically Modified Plants

Genetically Modified Plants
Author: Roger Hull,G. T. Tzotzos,Graham Head
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2009-07-07
ISBN 10: 9780080920764
ISBN 13: 0080920764
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Plants Book Review:

A transgenic organism is a plant, animal, bacterium, or other living organism that has had a foreign gene added to it by means of genetic engineering. Transgenic plants can arise by natural movement of genes between species, by cross-pollination based hybridization between different plant species (which is a common event in flowering plant evolution), or by laboratory manipulations by artificial insertion of genes from another species. Methods used in traditional breeding that generate transgenic plants by non-recombinant methods are widely familiar to professional plant scientists, and serve important roles in securing a sustainable future for agriculture by protecting crops from pest and helping land and water to be used more efficiently. There is worldwide interest in the biosafety issues related to transgenic crops because of issues such as increased pesticide use, increased crop and weed resistance to pesticides, gene flow to related plant species, negative effects on nontarget organisms, and reduced crop and ecosystem diversity. This book is intended to provide the basic information for a wide range of people involved in the release of transgenic crops. These will include scientists and researchers in the initial stage of developing transgenic products, industrialists, and decision makers. It will be of particular interest to plant scientists taking up biotechnological approaches to agricultural improvement for developing nations. * Discusses traditional and future technology for genetic modification * Compares conventional non-GM approaches and genetic modification * Presents a risk assessment methodology for GM techniques * Details mitigation techniques for human and environmental effects

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,Aditya Abha Singh,Ajay Kumar,Kshitij K. Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2020-11-20
ISBN 10: 0128209453
ISBN 13: 9780128209455
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: A Global Perspective contains both theoretical and empirical evidence of a broad range of aspects of GM crop policies throughout the world. Emphasizing world agriculture production and ethics of GM crops, the book balances insights into the various discussions around the use of GM crops including soil health, effects on animals, environmental sustainability impact, and ethical issues. The book presents aspects of GM crop policies and prevailing controversies throughout the world, in 5 sections containing 23 chapters. Beginning with the discussion of the policies related to GM crops, the book dives deep into issues related to food insecurity, agricultural sustainability, food safety, and environmental risks. Section 5 also captures the recent advances in agricultural biotechnology encompassing research trends, the nano-biotech approach to plant genetic engineering, and other transformation techniques in crop development. The contributors of the book represent different backgrounds, providing a holistic overview of diverse approaches and perspectives. Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: A Global Perspective is a valuable resource for researchers in agricultural policy and economics, agricultural biotechnology, soil science, genetic engineering, ethics, environmental management, sustainable development, and NGOs. Discusses ethics, varieties, research trends, success, and challenges of genetic modification Addresses both crop production and potential health impacts Includes extensive theoretical research and studies

Genetically Modified Food Sources

Genetically Modified Food Sources
Author: Victor Tutelyan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2013-05-06
ISBN 10: 0124058620
ISBN 13: 9780124058620
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Food Sources Book Review:

Genetically Modified Food Sources reports detailed results of studies on the medical and biological safety of 14 species of genetically modified plant-derived organisms (GMOs). The authors focus on issues in GMO production and world output, specifically the basic legislative regulations of modern biotechnology in the Russian Federation. Also covered are international approaches to the medical and biological assessment of safety and control of the food produced from genetically modified organisms. A special chapter is devoted to the problem of informational coverage of novel biological technologies. Previously available only in a 2007 Russian-language edition published by the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, this English translation has been completely revised and updated to include the latest developments in regulations and human and animal safety assessment practices. The book is addressed to a wide community of specialists working in the fields of food science, plant genetics, and food safety as well as medicine and biology. Students and postgraduates focusing on the problems of modern biotechnology and biological safety will find it a valuable guide to these topics. Specific assessments of 14 species of genetically modified plant-derived organisms used for food supply Addresses the safety assessment requirements to ensure consumer health International coverage provides comparative insights into regulation development and application

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods
Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Food and Nutrition Board,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Identifying and Assessing Unintended Effects of Genetically Engineered Foods on Human Health
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2004-07-08
ISBN 10: 9780309166157
ISBN 13: 0309166152
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods Book Review:

Assists policymakers in evaluating the appropriate scientific methods for detecting unintended changes in food and assessing the potential for adverse health effects from genetically modified products. In this book, the committee recommended that greater scrutiny should be given to foods containing new compounds or unusual amounts of naturally occurring substances, regardless of the method used to create them. The book offers a framework to guide federal agencies in selecting the route of safety assessment. It identifies and recommends several pre- and post-market approaches to guide the assessment of unintended compositional changes that could result from genetically modified foods and research avenues to fill the knowledge gaps.

Genetically Engineered Crops

Genetically Engineered Crops
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops: Past Experience and Future Prospects
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2017-01-28
ISBN 10: 0309437385
ISBN 13: 9780309437387
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Engineered Crops Book Review:

Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.

Genetically Modified Organisms

Genetically Modified Organisms
Author: Yves Tourte
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2019-04-26
ISBN 10: 1482280027
ISBN 13: 9781482280029
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms Book Review:

This work reviews the theoretical and historical basis of genetic engineering, particularly in regard to genetically modified plants, and details techniques of creating genetically modified organisms. It describes research programs and results in areas such as agro-food, health, and the environment, and examines practical, legal, and ethical questions posed by society and the responses of scientists, legislators, and industry. B&W photographs of equipments are given.

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Natalie Ferry,Angharad M. R. Gatehouse
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN 10: 184593430X
ISBN 13: 9781845934309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

The genetic modification of crops continues to be the subject of intense debate, and opinions are often strongly polarised. Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops addresses the major concerns of scientists, policy makers, environmental lobby groups and the general public regarding this controversial issue, from an editorially neutral standpoint. While the main focus is on environmental impact, food safety issues, for both humans and animals are also considered. The book concludes with a discussion on the future of agricultural biotechnology in the context of sustainability, natural resource management and future global population and food supply.

Plant Genetic Engineering

Plant Genetic Engineering
Author: John H. Dodds,John Hamilton Dodds
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 1985-10-31
ISBN 10: 9780521259668
ISBN 13: 0521259665
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Genetic Engineering Book Review:

This 1985 book describes techniques in plant genetic research and the practical application of genetic engineering for molecular biologists.

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Nigel G. Halford,World Scientific (Firm)
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 184816839X
ISBN 13: 9781848168398
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Plant molecular biology came to the fore in the early 1980s and there has been tremendous growth in the subject since then. The study of plant genes and genomes and the development of techniques for the incorporation of novel or modified genes into plants eventually led to the commercialisation of genetically modified (GM) crops in the mid-1990s. This was seen as the start of a biotechnological revolution in plant breeding. However, plant biotechnology has become one of the hottest debates of the age and, in Europe at least, one of the greatest challenges that plant scientists have ever faced. This book covers the history and development of the science and techniques that underpin plant biotechnology. It describes the GM crops that are or have been grown commercially around the world, including failures as well as successes, and the new varieties that are being developed. The safety record of GM crops is reviewed together with the legislation that has been adopted to cover their use. The book also deals with the concerns of consumers, the GM crop debate and the prospects for the technology. In the second edition, sections on current GM crops and future developments in plant biotechnology have been greatly expanded, while those on techniques, legislation and the GM crop debate have also been updated. The book is a concise, comprehensive and readable study that is accessible to a general readership with a scientific background but also provides useful information for the specialist.

Genetically modified crops in Africa

Genetically modified crops in Africa
Author: Falck-Zepeda, José Benjamin,Gruère, Guillaume P.,Sithole-Niang, Idah
Publsiher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2013-10-02
ISBN 10: 0896297950
ISBN 13: 9780896297951
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically modified crops in Africa Book Review:

A variable climate, political instability, and other constraints have limited agricultural development in African countries south of the Sahara. Genetically modified (GM) crops are one tool for enhancing agricultural productivity and food security despite such constraints. Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara investigates how this tool might be effectively used by evaluating the benefits, costs, and risks for African countries of adopting GM crops. The authors gather together studies on GM crops’ economic effects and impact on trade, how consumers view such crops, and other issues. They find that GM crops have had, on average, a positive economic effect in the nations where they were used and identify future steps for enhancing GM crop adoption’s positive effects. Promising policy initiatives include making biosafety regulations that do not make GM crop development prohibitively expensive, fostering intraregional trade in GM crops, and providing more and better information about GM crops to consumers who might currently be skeptical of them. These and other findings in Genetically Modified Crops in Africa indicate ways biotechnology can contribute to economic development in Africa south of the Sahara.

GM Crops and the Global Divide

GM Crops and the Global Divide
Author: Jennifer Thomson
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2021-01-20
ISBN 10: 1486312675
ISBN 13: 9781486312672
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GM Crops and the Global Divide Book Review:

Attitudes to GM crops continue to generate tension, even though they have been grown commercially for over 20 years. Negative sentiment towards their development limits their adoption in Western countries, despite there being no evidence of harm to human health. These unfounded concerns about genetically modified crops have also inhibited uptake in many countries throughout Africa and Asia, having a major impact on agricultural productivity and preventing the widespread cultivation of potentially life-saving crops. GM Crops and the Global Divide traces the historical importance that European attitudes to past colonial influences, aid, trade and educational involvement have had on African leaders and their people. The detrimental impact that these attitudes have on agricultural productivity and food security continues to be of growing importance, especially in light of climate change, drought and the potential rise in sea levels – the effects of which could be mitigated by the cultivation of GM and gene-edited crops. Following on from her previous books Genes for Africa, GM Crops: The Impact and the Potential and Food for Africa, Jennifer Thomson unravels the reasons behind these negative attitudes towards GM crop production. By addressing the detrimental effects that anti-GM opinions have on nutrition security in developing countries and providing a clear account of the science to counter these attitudes, she hopes to highlight and ultimately bridge this global divide.

Genetically Modified Pest Protected Plants

Genetically Modified Pest Protected Plants
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2000-08-23
ISBN 10: 9780309172127
ISBN 13: 0309172128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Pest Protected Plants Book Review:

This book explores the risks and benefits of crops that are genetically modified for pest resistance, the urgency of establishing an appropriate regulatory framework for these products, and the importance of public understanding of the issues. The committee critically reviews federal policies toward transgenic products, the 1986 coordinated framework among the key federal agencies in the field, and rules proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency for regulation of plant pesticides. This book provides detailed analyses of: Mechanisms and results of genetic engineering compared to conventional breeding for pest resistance. Review of scientific issues associated with transgenic pest-protected plants, such as allergenicity, impact on nontarget plants, evolution of the pest species, and other concerns. Overview of regulatory framework and its use of scientific information with suggestions for improvements.

Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific

Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific
Author: Mao Chen,G Gujar,Y Andi Trisyono
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2021-02-01
ISBN 10: 1486310923
ISBN 13: 9781486310920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific Book Review:

Meeting future food needs without compromising environmental integrity is a central challenge for agriculture globally but especially for the Asia Pacific region – where 60% of the global population, including some of the world’s poorest, live on only 30% of the land mass. To guarantee the food security of this and other regions, growers worldwide are rapidly adopting genetically modified (GM) crops as the forerunner to protect against many biotic and abiotic stresses. Asia Pacific countries play an important role in this, with India, China and Pakistan appearing in the top 10 countries with acreage of GM crops, primarily devoted to Bt cotton. Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific discusses the progress of GM crop adoption across the Asia Pacific region over the past two decades, including research, development, adoption and sustainability, as well as the cultivation of insect resistant Bt brinjal, drought-tolerant sugarcane, late blight resistant potato and biotech rice more specific to this region. Regulatory efforts of the Asia Pacific member nations to ensure the safety of GM crops to both humans and the environment are also outlined to provide impetus in other countries initiating biotech crops. The authors also probe into some aspects of gene editing and nanobiotechnology to expand the scope into next generation GM crops, including the potential to grow crops in acidic soil, reduce methane production, remove poisonous elements from plants and improve overall nutritional quality. Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific provides a comprehensive reference not only for academics, researchers and private sectors in crop systems but also policy makers in the Asia Pacific region. Beyond this region, readers will benefit from understanding how GM crops have been integrated into many different countries and, in particular, the effects of the take-up of GM cropping systems by farmers with different socioeconomic backgrounds.

GMOs Decoded

GMOs Decoded
Author: Sheldon Krimsky
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2019-03-12
ISBN 10: 0262039192
ISBN 13: 9780262039192
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GMOs Decoded Book Review:

The debate over genetically modified organisms: health and safety concerns, environmental impact, and scientific opinions. Since they were introduced to the market in the late 1990s, GMOs (genetically modified organisms, including genetically modified crops), have been subject to a barrage of criticism. Agriculture has welcomed this new technology, but public opposition has been loud and scientific opinion mixed. In GMOs Decoded, Sheldon Krimsky examines the controversies over GMOs—health and safety concerns, environmental issues, the implications for world hunger, and the scientific consensus (or lack of one). He explores the viewpoints of a range of GMO skeptics, from public advocacy groups and nongovernmental organizations to scientists with differing views on risk and environmental impact. Krimsky explains the differences between traditional plant breeding and “molecular breeding” through genetic engineering (GE); describes early GMO products, including the infamous Flavr Savr tomato; and discusses herbicide-, disease-, and insect-resistant GE plants. He considers the different American and European approaches to risk assessment, dueling scientific interpretations of plant genetics, and the controversy over labeling GMO products. He analyzes a key 2016 report from the National Academies of Sciences on GMO health effects and considers the controversy over biofortified rice (Golden Rice)—which some saw as a humanitarian project and others as an exercise in public relations. Do GMO crops hold promise or peril? By offering an accessible review of the risks and benefits of GMO crops, and a guide to the controversies over them, Krimsky helps readers judge for themselves.

Field Testing Genetically Modified Organisms

Field Testing Genetically Modified Organisms
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Scientific Evaluation of the Introduction of Genetically Modified Microorganisms and Plants into the Environment
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 1989-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309040760
ISBN 13: 9780309040761
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Testing Genetically Modified Organisms Book Review:

Potential benefits from the use of genetically modified organisms--such as bacteria that biodegrade environmental pollutants--are enormous. To minimize the risks of releasing such organisms into the environment, regulators are working to develop rational safeguards. This volume provides a comprehensive examination of the issues surrounding testing these organisms in the laboratory or the field and a practical framework for making decisions about organism release. Beginning with a discussion of classical versus molecular techniques for genetic alteration, the volume is divided into major sections for plants and microorganisms and covers the characteristics of altered organisms, past experience with releases, and such specific issues as whether plant introductions could promote weediness. The executive summary presents major conclusions and outlines the recommended decision-making framework.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries
Author: Ademola A. Adenle,E. Jane Morris,Denis J. Murphy
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2017-06-30
ISBN 10: 1107151910
ISBN 13: 9781107151918
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries Book Review:

Bringing together the ideas of experts from around the world, this incisive text offers cutting-edge perspectives on the risk analysis and governance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), supporting effective and informed decision-making in developing countries. Comprised of four comprehensive sections, this book covers: integrated risk analysis and decision making, giving an overview of the science involved and examining risk analysis methods that impact decision-making on the release of GMOs, particularly in developing countries; diversification of expertise involved in risk analysis and practical ways in which the lack of expertise in developing countries can be overcome; risk analysis based regulatory systems and how they can be undermined by power relationships and socio-political interests, as well as strategies for improving GMO policy development and regulatory decision-making; and case studies from developing countries providing lessons based on real-world experience that can inform our current thinking.

Genetic Modification of Plants

Genetic Modification of Plants
Author: Frank Kempken,Christian Jung
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 675
Release: 2009-12-15
ISBN 10: 3642023916
ISBN 13: 9783642023910
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Modification of Plants Book Review:

Conceived with the aim of sorting fact from fiction over genetically modified (GM) crops, this book brings together the knowledge of 30 specialists in the field of transgenic plants. It covers the generation and detection of these plants as well as the genetic traits conferred on transgenic plants. In addition, the book looks at a wide variety of crops, ornamental plants and tree species that are subject to genetic modifications, assessing the risks involved in genetic modification as well as the potential economic benefits of the technology in specific cases. The book’s structure, with fully cross-referenced chapters, gives readers a quick access to specific topics, whether that is comprehensive data on particular species of ornamentals, or coverage of the socioeconomic implications of GM technology. With an increasing demand for bioenergy, and the necessary higher yields relying on wider genetic variation, this book supplies all the technical details required to move forward to a new era in agriculture.

Integration of Insect Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs

Integration of Insect Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs
Author: Jörg Romeis,Anthony M. Shelton,George Kennedy
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 441
Release: 2008-07-01
ISBN 10: 1402083734
ISBN 13: 9781402083730
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integration of Insect Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs Book Review:

Insect pests remain one of the main constraints to food and fiber production worldwide despite farmers deploying a range of techniques to protect their crops. Modern pest control is guided by the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) with pest resistant germplasm being an important part of the foundation. Since 1996, when the first genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize variety was commercialized in the USA, the area planted to insect-resistant GM varieties has grown dramatically, representing the fastest adoption rate of any agricultural technology in human history. The goal of our book is to provide an overview on the role insect-resistant GM plants play in different crop systems worldwide. We hope that the book will contribute to a more rational debate about the role GM crops can play in IPM for food and fiber production.

Genetically Engineered Foods

Genetically Engineered Foods
Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2017-09-01
ISBN 10: 0128112719
ISBN 13: 9780128112717
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Engineered Foods Book Review:

Genetically Engineered Foods, Volume 6 in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, is a solid reference for researchers and professionals needing information on genetically engineered foods in human and animal diets. The volume discusses awareness, benefits vs. disadvantages, regulations and techniques used to obtain, test and detect genetically modified plants and animals. An essential resource offering informed perspectives on the potential implications of genetically engineered foods for humans and society. Written by a team of scientific experts who share the latest advances to help further more evidence-based research and educate scientists, academics and government professionals about the safety of the global food supply. Provides in-depth coverage of the issues surrounding genetic engineering in foods Includes hot topic areas such as nutragenomics and therapeutics to show how genetically engineered foods can promote health and potentially cure disease Presents case studies where genetically engineered foods can increase production in Third World countries to promote food security Discusses environmental and economic impacts, benefits and risks to help inform decisions

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN 10: 0128025301
ISBN 13: 9780128025307
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food Book Review:

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food focuses on scientific evaluation of published research relating to GMO food products to assert their safety as well as potential health risks. This book is a solid reference for researchers and professionals needing information on the safety of GMO and non-GMO food production, the economic benefits of both GMO and non-GMO foods, and includes in-depth coverage of the surrounding issues of genetic engineering in foods. This is a timely publication written by a team of scientific experts in the field who present research results to help further more evidence based research to educate scientists, academics, government professionals about the safety of the global food supply. Provides the latest on research and development in the field of GMOs and non-GMO safety issues and possible risk factors incorporating evidence based reviews for a better understanding of these issues Covers various aspects of GMO production, analysis and identification to better understand GMO development and use Includes definitions, a brief overview and history of GM foods from a global perspective and concise summaries with recommendations for actions for each chapter