Gateways to Democracy An Introduction to American Government

Gateways to Democracy  An Introduction to American Government
Author: John G. Geer,Wendy J. Schiller,Jeffrey A. Segal,Richard Herrera
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2015-01-01
ISBN 10: 1305562402
ISBN 13: 9781305562400
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gateways to Democracy An Introduction to American Government Book Review:

GATEWAYS TO DEMOCRACY introduces the American political system to students, pointing out in each chapter the gateways that facilitate, or at times block, participation. In emphasizing how the political system works-and how individuals and groups have opened gates to influence public policy-the text helps students see the relevance of government in their lives. The third edition provides coverage of the 2014 midterm elections as well as enhanced discussion of the politics, policies, and issues affecting Latinos in the United States. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Democracy Hacked

Democracy Hacked
Author: Martin Moore
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-09-27
ISBN 10: 1786074095
ISBN 13: 9781786074096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy Hacked Book Review:

Technology has fractured democracy, and now there’s no going back. All around the world, the fringes have stormed the palace of the elites and unleashed data miners, dark ads and bots on an unwitting public. After years of soundbites about connecting people, the social media giants are only just beginning to admit to the scale of the problem. We stand on the precipice of an era where switching your mobile platform will have more impact on your life than switching your government. Where freedom and privacy are seen as incompatible with social well-being and transparency. Where your attention is sold to the highest bidder. Our laws don’t cover what is happening and our politicians don’t understand it. But if we don’t fight to change the system now, we may not get another chance.

Gateways to Democracy

Gateways to Democracy
Author: John G. Geer,Richard Herrera,Wendy J. Schiller,Jeffrey A. Segal
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2017-01-27
ISBN 10: 1337515647
ISBN 13: 9781337515641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gateways to Democracy Book Review:

GATEWAYS TO DEMOCRACY introduces the American political system to students, pointing out in each chapter the gateways that facilitate, or at times block, participation. In emphasizing how the political system works, and how individuals and groups have opened gates to influence public policy, the text helps students see the relevance of government in their lives. The fourth edition provides coverage of the 2016 election, as well as enhanced discussion of diversity and participation that reflects the changing demographic infrastructure in America. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Will China Democratize

Will China Democratize
Author: Andrew J. Nathan,Larry Diamond,Marc F. Plattner
Publsiher: Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2013-09-01
ISBN 10: 1421412446
ISBN 13: 9781421412443
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Will China Democratize Book Review:

Leading experts on China offer their enlightening analysis on one of the most crucial and complex questions facing the future of international politics. Moving toward open markets and international trade has brought extraordinary economic success to China, yet its leadership still maintains an authoritarian grip over its massive population. From repressing political movements to controlling internet traffic, China’s undemocratic policies present an attractive model for other authoritarian regimes. But can China continue its growth without political reform? In Will China Democratize?, Andrew J. Nathan, Larry Diamond, and Marc F. Plattner present valuable analysis for anyone wondering if, when or how China might evolve politically. Since the Journal of Democracy’s very first issue in January 1990, which featured articles reflecting on the then-recent Tiananmen Square massacre, the Journal has regularly published articles about China and its politics. By bringing together the wide spectrum of views that have appeared in the Journal’s pages—from contributors including Fang Lizhi, Perry Link, Michel Oksenberg, Minxin Pei, Henry S. Rowen, and Nobel laureate Liu Xiaobo— Will China Democratize? provides a clear view of the complex forces driving change in China’s regime and society.

Mending Democracy

Mending Democracy
Author: Carolyn M. Hendriks,Selen A. Ercan,John Boswell
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2020-10-20
ISBN 10: 019258099X
ISBN 13: 9780192580993
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mending Democracy Book Review:

The fabric of democracy is threadbare in many contemporary societies. Connections that are vital to the functioning and integrity of our democratic systems are wearing thin. Citizens are increasingly disconnected — from their elected representatives, from one another in the public sphere, and from complex processes of public policy. In such disconnected times, how can we strengthen and renew our democracies? This book develops the idea of democratic mending as a way of advancing a more connective approach to democratic reform. It is informed by three rich empirical cases of connectivity in practice, as well as cutting-edge debates in deliberative democracy. The empirical cases uncover empowering and transformative modes of political engagement that are vital for democratic renewal. The diverse actors in this book are not withdrawing, resisting or seeking autonomy from conventional institutions of representative democracy but actively experimenting with ways to improve and engage with them. Through their everyday practices of democratic mending they undertake crucial systemic repair work and strengthen the integrity of our democratic fabric in ways that are yet to be fully acknowledged by scholars and practitioners of democratic reform.

Democracy Lives in Darkness

Democracy Lives in Darkness
Author: Emily Van Duyn
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-17
ISBN 10: 019755704X
ISBN 13: 9780197557044
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy Lives in Darkness Book Review:

Republicans and Democrats increasingly distrust, avoid, and wish harm upon those from the opposing party. They also increasingly reside among like-minded individuals and belong to social groups that share their political beliefs. While these factors can make it difficult to express a dissenting political opinion, digital and social media have given people new spaces for political discourse and community, and more control over who knows--and does not know--their political beliefs. In Democracy Lives in Darkness, Emily Van Duyn looks at how these changes in the political and media landscape affect democracy. Van Duyn discovers and follows a secret political organization of progressive women in a conservative community in rural Texas. Its members, a mixture of real estate agents, school teachers, business owners, and retired grandmothers, met in secret to protect themselves from social, economic, and even physical retaliation by their conservative neighbors, friends, and family. They discussed immigrant rights, women's reproductive rights, racism, and intolerance of those of different racial/ethnic and cultural backgrounds in their community. Democracy Lives in Darkness is about this group: their daily lives, their choices, and ultimately, their incubation. But it is also about what led them to meet in secret--the political prejudice and hostility that marginalizes and makes people afraid, and the growing political, social, and geographic cleavages that now make even mainstream dissent dangerous. Importantly, Van Duyn asks why mainstream partisans feel the need to hide their political beliefs from others, why they feel afraid of those from the opposite party, how they stay politically engaged in secret, and how this can transform them and their communities. The book challenges those who study democratic life to look beyond public political behavior and those who study big data and machine learning to consider the unique and meaningful qualities of studying the individual in context. Van Duyn challenges the assumption that the United States is a liberal democracy where ideas can be expressed freely and publicly. Rather, she suggests that democracy in the United States may exist in darkness, but, more optimistically, that it uses this darkness to move forward.

Democracy and Education

Democracy and Education
Author: John Dewey
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 218
Release: 1916
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015061013978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and Education Book Review:

John Dewey's Democracy and Education addresses the challenge of providing quality public education in a democratic society. In this classic work Dewey calls for the complete renewal of public education, arguing for the fusion of vocational and contemplative studies in education and for the necessity of universal education for the advancement of self and society. First published in 1916, Democracy and Education is regarded as the seminal work on public education by one of the most important scholars of the century.

Democracy in America

Democracy in America
Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1875
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OXFORD:501344733
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy in America Book Review:

Republic of Equals

Republic of Equals
Author: Alan Thomas
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 445
Release: 2017
ISBN 10: 0190602112
ISBN 13: 9780190602116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Republic of Equals Book Review:

This study of property-owning democracy argues that a society in which capital is universally accessible to all citizens uniquely meets the demands of justice. It defends a renovated form of capitalism in which the free market is no longer a threat to social democratic values, but is potentially convergent with them.

What Universities Owe Democracy

What Universities Owe Democracy
Author: Ronald J. Daniels
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-10-05
ISBN 10: 1421442698
ISBN 13: 9781421442693
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What Universities Owe Democracy Book Review:

"This book identifies four distinct functions of American higher education that colleges and universities have acquired over the past two hundred years and that are integral to liberal democracy: social mobility, citizenship education, the discovery and communication of knowledge, and the cultivation of a pluralistic society. Each chapter takes up one of these functions to analyze and assess"--

Retrofitting Leninism

Retrofitting Leninism
Author: Dimitar Gueorguiev
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 0197555667
ISBN 13: 9780197555668
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Retrofitting Leninism Book Review:

"Retrofitting Leninism explores the relationship between political inclusion and political control through the lens of participatory governance in the People's Republic of China. The book can be condensed into three key points. First, public participation is a prerequisite for effective administration, irrespective of how a regime is constituted. Second, a regime's ability to solicit, process, and recast public input into policy outputs is central to its political durability. Third, technological advances in communication make it easier for authoritarian regimes, particularly those with Leninist foundations, to correspond with the public and thus undercut calls for genuine democratic progress---an endogenous process of regime maintenance I refer to as retrofitting. Using archival data, media reports, and original opinion polls, I show how public inputs are incorporated into the marketing and implementation of top-down policy outputs. To unpack the interface between inputs and outputs, I focus on proposal-making and government priorities in local Chinese legislatures. Finally, to evaluate the downstream impact, I estimate the effect of open policymaking on sub-national regulation and government approval. The findings suggest that public engagement contributes to both policy stability and positive public perceptions of policy. Though instrumental, the book also underscores that inclusive authoritarianism depends on the voluntary participation of Chinese citizens, which is far from guaranteed"--

The Ubiquitous Presidency

The Ubiquitous Presidency
Author: Joshua M. Scacco,Kevin Coe
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 0197520634
ISBN 13: 9780197520635
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ubiquitous Presidency Book Review:

"American democracy is in a period of striking tumult. The clash of a rapidly changing socio-technological environment and the traditional presidency has led to an upheaval in the scope and standards of executive leadership. Research on the presidency, although abundant, has been slow to adjust to changing realities associated with digital technologies, diverse audiences, and new political practices. Meanwhile, journalists and the public continue to encounter and shape emerging presidential efforts in deeply consequential ways. This book offers a comprehensive framework for understanding contemporary presidential communication: the ubiquitous presidency. Presidents harness new opportunities in the media environment to create a nearly constant and highly visible presence in political and nonpolitical arenas. They do this by trying to achieve longstanding presidential goals, namely visibility, adaptation, and control. However, in an environment where accessibility, personalization, and pluralism are omnipresent considerations, the strategies presidents use to achieve their goals are very different from what we once knew. Using this novel framework, the book undertakes one of the most expansive analyses of presidential communication to date. A wide variety of approaches-ranging from surveys and survey-experiments, to large-scale automated content and network analyses, to qualitative textual analysis-uncover new aspects of the intricate relationship between the president, news media, and the public. Focusing on the presidency since Ronald Reagan, and devoting particular attention to the cases of Barack Obama and Donald Trump, the book uncovers remarkable shifts in communication that test the institution of the presidency and, consequently, democratic governance itself"--

Centripetal Democracy

Centripetal Democracy
Author: Joseph Lacey
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2017-03-31
ISBN 10: 0192517147
ISBN 13: 9780192517142
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Centripetal Democracy Book Review:

Centripetal democracy is the idea that legitimate democratic institutions set in motion forms of citizen practice and representative behaviour that serve as powerful drivers of political identity formation. Partisan modes of political representation in the context of multifaceted electoral and direct democratic voting opportunities are emphasised on this model. There is, however, a strain of thought predominant in political theory that doubts the democratic capacities of political systems constituted by multiple public spheres. This view is referred to as the lingua franca thesis on sustainable democratic systems (LFT). Inadequate democratic institutions and acute demands to divide the political system (through devolution or secession), are predicted by this thesis. By combining an original normative democratic theory with a comparative analysis of how Belgium and Switzerland have variously managed to sustain themselves as multilingual democracies, this book identifies the main institutional features of a democratically legitimate European Union and the conditions required to bring it about. Part One presents a novel theory of democratic legitimacy and political identity formation on which subsequent analyses are based. Part Two defines the EU as a demoi-cracy and provides a thorough democratic assessment of this political system. Part Three explains why Belgium has largely succumbed to the centrifugal logic predicted by the LFT, while Switzerland apparently defies this logic. Part Four presents a model of centripetal democracy for the EU, one that would greatly reduce its democratic deficit and ensure that this political system does not succumb to the centrifugal forces expected by the LFT.

The Tyranny of the Meritocracy

The Tyranny of the Meritocracy
Author: Lani Guinier
Publsiher: Beacon Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2016-01-12
ISBN 10: 0807078123
ISBN 13: 9780807078129
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Tyranny of the Meritocracy Book Review:

A fresh and bold argument for revamping our standards of “merit” and a clear blueprint for creating collaborative education models that strengthen our democracy rather than privileging individual elites Standing on the foundations of America’s promise of equal opportunity, our universities purport to serve as engines of social mobility and practitioners of democracy. But as acclaimed scholar and pioneering civil rights advocate Lani Guinier argues, the merit systems that dictate the admissions practices of these institutions are functioning to select and privilege elite individuals rather than create learning communities geared to advance democratic societies. Having studied and taught at schools such as Harvard University, Yale Law School, and the University of Pennsylvania Law School, Guinier has spent years examining the experiences of ethnic minorities and of women at the nation’s top institutions of higher education, and here she lays bare the practices that impede the stated missions of these schools. Goaded on by a contemporary culture that establishes value through ranking and sorting, universities assess applicants using the vocabulary of private, highly individualized merit. As a result of private merit standards and ever-increasing tuitions, our colleges and universities increasingly are failing in their mission to provide educational opportunity and to prepare students for productive and engaged citizenship. To reclaim higher education as a cornerstone of democracy, Guinier argues that institutions of higher learning must focus on admitting and educating a class of students who will be critical thinkers, active citizens, and publicly spirited leaders. Guinier presents a plan for considering “democratic merit,” a system that measures the success of higher education not by the personal qualities of the students who enter but by the work and service performed by the graduates who leave. Guinier goes on to offer vivid examples of communities that have developed effective learning strategies based not on an individual’s “merit” but on the collaborative strength of a group, learning and working together, supporting members, and evolving into powerful collectives. Examples are taken from across the country and include a wide range of approaches, each innovative and effective. Guinier argues for reformation, not only of the very premises of admissions practices but of the shape of higher education itself.

Gateways to Democracy The Essentials Book Only

Gateways to Democracy  The Essentials  Book Only
Author: John G. Geer,Wendy J. Schiller,Jeffrey A. Segal,Dana K. Glencross,Richard Herrera
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2015-01-01
ISBN 10: 1305686179
ISBN 13: 9781305686175
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gateways to Democracy The Essentials Book Only Book Review:

The Essentials versions of GATEWAYS TO DEMOCRACY introduces the American political system to students, pointing out in each chapter the “gateways” that facilitate, or at times block, participation. In emphasizing how the political system works-and how individuals and groups have opened gates to influence public policy-the text helps students see the relevance of government in their lives. The third edition provides coverage of the 2014 midterm elections as well as enhanced discussion of the politics, policies, and issues affecting Latinos in the United States. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Electing the Senate

Electing the Senate
Author: Wendy J. Schiller,Charles Stewart III
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2014-12-21
ISBN 10: 0691163170
ISBN 13: 9780691163178
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electing the Senate Book Review:

How U.S. senators were chosen prior to the Seventeenth Amendment—and the consequences of Constitutional reform From 1789 to 1913, U.S. senators were not directly elected by the people—instead the Constitution mandated that they be chosen by state legislators. This radically changed in 1913, when the Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, giving the public a direct vote. Electing the Senate investigates the electoral connections among constituents, state legislators, political parties, and U.S. senators during the age of indirect elections. Wendy Schiller and Charles Stewart find that even though parties controlled the partisan affiliation of the winning candidate for Senate, they had much less control over the universe of candidates who competed for votes in Senate elections and the parties did not always succeed in resolving internal conflict among their rank and file. Party politics, money, and personal ambition dominated the election process, in a system originally designed to insulate the Senate from public pressure. Electing the Senate uses an original data set of all the roll call votes cast by state legislators for U.S. senators from 1871 to 1913 and all state legislators who served during this time. Newspaper and biographical accounts uncover vivid stories of the political maneuvering, corruption, and partisanship—played out by elite political actors, from elected officials, to party machine bosses, to wealthy business owners—that dominated the indirect Senate elections process. Electing the Senate raises important questions about the effectiveness of Constitutional reforms, such as the Seventeenth Amendment, that promised to produce a more responsive and accountable government.

Diploma Democracy

Diploma Democracy
Author: Mark Bovens,Anchrit Wille
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-06-23
ISBN 10: 0192507915
ISBN 13: 9780192507914
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diploma Democracy Book Review:

Lay politics lies at the heart of democracy. Political offices are the only offices for which no formal qualifications are required. Contemporary political practices are diametrically opposed to this constitutional ideal. Most democracies in Western Europe are diploma democracies - ruled by those with the highest formal qualifications. Citizens with low or medium educational qualifications currently make up about 70 percent of the electorates, yet they have become virtually absent from almost all political arenas. University graduates have come to dominate all political institutions and venues, from political parties, parliaments and cabinets, to organised interests, deliberative settings, and Internet consultations. This rise of a political meritocracy is part of larger trend. In the information society, educational background, like class or religion, is an important source of social and political divides. Those who are well educated tend to be cosmopolitans, whereas the lesser educated citizens are more likely to be nationalists. This book documents the context, contours, and consequences of this rise of a political meritocracy. It explores the domination of higher educated citizens in political participation, civil society, and political office in Western Europe. It discusses the consequences of this rise of a political meritocracy, such as descriptive deficits, policy incongruences, biased standards, and cynicism and distrust. Also, it looks at ways to remedy, or at least mitigate, some of the negative effects of diploma democracy.

From Dissent to Democracy

From Dissent to Democracy
Author: Jonathan C. Pinckney
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-06-10
ISBN 10: 0190097337
ISBN 13: 9780190097332
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Dissent to Democracy Book Review:

Peaceful protest is a strong driver for democratization across the globe. Yet, it doesn't always lead to democratic transition, as seen in the Arab Spring revolutions in Egypt or Yemen. Why do some nonviolent transitions end in democracy while others do not? In From Dissent to Democracy, Jonathan Pinckney systematically examines transitions initiated by nonviolent resistance campaigns and argues that two key factors explain whether or not democracy will follow such efforts. First, a movement must sustain high levels of social mobilization. Second, it must direct that mobilization away from revolutionary "maximalist" goals and tactics and towards support for new institutions. Pinckney tests his theory by presenting a global statistical analysis of all political transitions from 1945-2011 and three case studies from Nepal, Zambia, and Brazil. Original and empirically rigorous, this book provides new insights into the intersection of democratization and nonviolent resistance and gives actionable recommendations for how to encourage democratic transitions.

Sustaining Democracy

Sustaining Democracy
Author: Robert B. Talisse
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-09
ISBN 10: 0197556477
ISBN 13: 9780197556474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustaining Democracy Book Review:

Democracy is not easy. Citizens who disagree sharply about politics must nonetheless work together as equal partners in the enterprise of collective self-government. Ideally, this work would be conducted under conditions of mutual civility, with opposed citizens nonetheless recognizing one another's standing as political equals. But when the political stakes are high, and the opposition seems to us severely mistaken, why not drop the democratic pretences of civil partnership, and simply play to win? Why seek to uphold properly democratic relations with those who embrace political ideas that are flawed, irresponsible, and out of step with justice? Why sustain democracy with political foes? Drawing on extensive social science research concerning political polarization and partisan identity, Robert B. Talisse argues that when we break off civil interactions with our political opponents, we imperil relations with our political allies. In the absence of engagement with our political critics, our alliances grow increasingly homogeneous, conformist, and hierarchical. Moreover, they fracture and devolve amidst internal conflicts. In the end, our political aims suffer because our coalitions shrink and grow ineffective. Why sustain democracy with our foes? Because we need them if we are going to sustain democracy with our allies and friends.

Beyond Presidentialism and Parliamentarism

Beyond Presidentialism and Parliamentarism
Author: Steffen Ganghof
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2022-01-16
ISBN 10: 0192897144
ISBN 13: 9780192897145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beyond Presidentialism and Parliamentarism Book Review:

This book elaborates a theory of 'semi-parliamentary government', an often neglected form of government that instantiates the principle of the separation of powers, by demonstrating how it reconciles important benefits of both presidential and parliamentary systems.