Forensic Genetic Approaches for Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Forensic Genetic Approaches for Identification of Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Angie Ambers
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2021-03-15
ISBN 10: 9780128157664
ISBN 13: 0128157666
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Genetic Approaches for Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Forensic Genetic Approaches for Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Challenges, Best Practices, and Emerging Technologies provides best practices on processing bone samples for DNA testing. The book outlines forensic genetics tools that are available for the identification of skeletal remains in contemporary casework and historical/archaeological investigations. Although the book focuses primarily on the use of DNA for direct identification or kinship analyses, it also highlights complementary disciplines often used in concert with genetic data to make positive identifications, such as forensic anthropology, forensic odontology, and forensic art/sculpting. Unidentified human remains are often associated with tragic events, such as fires, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, war conflicts, genocide, airline crashes, homicide, and human rights violations under oppressive totalitarian regimes. In these situations, extensive damage to soft tissues often precludes the use of such biological samples in the identification process. In contrast, bone material is the most resilient, viable sample type for DNA testing. DNA recovered from bone often is degraded and in low quantities due to the effects of human decomposition, environmental exposure, and the passage of time. The complexities of bone microstructure and its rigid nature make skeletal remains one of the most challenging sample types for DNA testing. Provides best practices on processing bone samples for DNA testing Presents detailed coverage of proper facilities design for skeletal remains processing, selection of optimal skeletal elements for DNA recovery, specialized equipment needed, preparation and cleaning of bone samples for DNA extraction, and more Highlights complementary disciplines often used in concert with genetic data to make positive identifications, such as forensic anthropology, forensic odontology, and forensic art/sculpting

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Gregory E. Berg,Sabrina C Ta'ala
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2014-12-13
ISBN 10: 1439815755
ISBN 13: 9781439815755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White presents a range of tools that can be used to identify the probable socio-cultural "race" category of unknown human remains. Gathering insight from those who have made recent improvements and scientific advances in the field, the book begins with the historical foundations of the concept of biological affinity and the need for increased research into methods for determining ancestry of skeletal remains. The contributors cover a range of topics, including: Ancestry estimation from the skull using morphoscopic and morphometric traits and variables Innovative methods from metric analyses of the postcrania, and new approaches to dental non-metric variation The biological diversity of Hispanic populations and use of discriminant function analysis and 3D-ID software to determine ancestry Methods of age progression and facial reconstructions to create two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) facial composites for missing people The preparation of skeletal remains for DNA extraction and sampling, and mtDNA methods that are available for identification of haplogroups (e.g., ancestral populations) No single method or technique is adequate in the assessment of ancestry. For accurate determinations, the use of traditional and new techniques combined yields better results. This book demonstrates the large repertoire of tools available to those tasked with these challenging determinations.

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification
Author: Krista E. Latham,Eric J. Bartelink,Michael Finnegan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2017-07-27
ISBN 10: 0128125381
ISBN 13: 9780128125380
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification Book Review:

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification provides a comprehensive and up-to-date perspective on human identification methods in forensic anthropology. Divided into four distinct sections, the chapters will reflect recent advances in human skeletal identification, including statistical and morphometric methods for assessing the biological profile (sex, age, ancestry, stature), biochemical methods of identification (DNA analysis, stable isotope analysis, bomb curve analysis), and use of comparative radiography. The final section of this book highlights advances in human identification techniques that are being applied to international populations and disaster victims. The contributing authors represent established experts in forensic anthropology and closely related fields. New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification will be an essential resource for researchers, practitioners, and advanced students interested in state-of-the-art methods for human identification. A comprehensive and up-to-date volume on human identification methods in forensic anthropology Focuses on recent advances such as statistical and morphometric methods for assessing the biological profile, biochemical methods of identification and use of comparative radiography Includes an entire section on human identification techniques being applied to international populations and disaster victims

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

Recovery  Analysis  and Identification of Commingled Human Remains
Author: Bradley J. Adams,John E. Byrd
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2008-02-23
ISBN 10: 1597453161
ISBN 13: 9781597453165
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains Book Review:

Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Jane E. Buikstra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 858
Release: 2019-01-29
ISBN 10: 0128099011
ISBN 13: 9780128099018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ortner s Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

Ortner's Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, Third Edition, provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of the pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. As ancient skeletal remains can reveal a treasure trove of information to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist, this book presents a timely resource. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, it provides an essential text and material on bone pathology, thus helping improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. Presents a comprehensive review of the skeletal diseases encountered in archaeological human remains Includes more than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases, including both microscopic and gross features Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries Reviews important theoretical issues on how to interpret evidence of skeletal disease in archaeological human populations

Commingled Human Remains

Commingled Human Remains
Author: Bradley Adams,John Byrd
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2014-06-04
ISBN 10: 012405918X
ISBN 13: 9780124059184
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Commingled Human Remains Book Review:

Commingled human remains are encountered in situations ranging from prehistoric ossuaries to recent mass fatality incidents. Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification brings together tools from diverse sources within the forensic science community to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to resolving issues associated with commingled remains. This edition focuses on forensic situations, although some examples from prehistoric contexts are also addressed. Commingling of bones and other body parts is a major obstacle to individual identification that must be addressed before other forensic determinations or research can proceed. Regardless of the cause for the commingling (transportation disaster, terrorist attack, natural disaster, genocide, etc.) it is critical that the proper experts are involved and that the proper techniques are employed to achieve the greatest success in making identifications. Resolution of commingling nearly always requires consideration of multiple lines of evidence that cross the disciplinary lines of modern forensic science. The use of archaeology, DNA, and forensic anthropology are several areas that are critical in this process and these are core topics presented in this book. Even a relatively “simple mass fatality event can become very complicated once body fragmentation and commingling occur. Expectations associated with all phases of the process from recovery of remains to their final identification and release to next of kin must be managed appropriately. A powerful resource for those working in the forensic sciences who need to plan for and/or address the complex challenges associated with commingled and fragmentary human remains. Written by an international group of the foremost forensic scientists presenting their research and candid experiences of dealing with commingled human remains, offering recommendations and providing "lessons learned" which can be invaluable to others who find themselves facing similar challenges Contains chapters on remains recovery, laboratory analysis, case studies, and broader topics such as mass fatality management and ethical considerations.

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine
Author: Aurore Schmitt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2007-11-09
ISBN 10: 1597450995
ISBN 13: 9781597450997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine Book Review:

Recent political, religious, ethnic, and racial conflicts, as well as mass disasters, have significantly helped to bring to light the almost unknown dis- pline of forensic anthropology. This science has become particularly useful to forensic pathologists because it aids in solving various puzzles, such as id- tifying victims and documenting crimes. On topics such as mass disasters and crimes against humanity, teamwork between forensic pathologists and for- sic anthropologists has significantly increased over the few last years. This relationship has also improved the study of routine cases in local medicolegal institutes. When human remains are badly decomposed, partially skelet- ized, and/or burned, it is particularly useful for the forensic pathologist to be assisted by a forensic anthropologist. It is not a one-way situation: when the forensic anthropologist deals with skeletonized bodies that have some kind of soft tissue, the advice of a forensic pathologist would be welcome. Forensic anthropology is a subspecialty/field of physical anthropology. Most of the background on skeletal biology was gathered on the basis of sk- etal remains from past populations. Physical anthropologists then developed an indisputable “know-how”; nevertheless, one must keep in mind that looking for a missing person or checking an assumed identity is quite a different matter. Pieces of information needed by forensic anthropologists require a higher level of reliability and accuracy than those granted in a general archaeological c- text. To achieve a positive identification, findings have to match with e- dence, particularly when genetic identification is not possible.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology
Author: Soren Blau,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2016-07-28
ISBN 10: 1315528924
ISBN 13: 9781315528922
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology Book Review:

With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action
Author: Roberto C. Parra,Sara C. Zapico,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2020-01-28
ISBN 10: 1119481945
ISBN 13: 9781119481942
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action Book Review:

Widens traditional concepts of forensic science to include humanitarian, social, and cultural aspects Using the preservation of the dignity of the deceased as its foundation, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action: Interacting with the Dead and the Living is a unique examination of the applications of humanitarian forensic science. Spanning two comprehensive volumes, the text is sufficiently detailed for forensic practitioners, yet accessible enough for non-specialists, and discusses both the latest technologies and real-world interactions. Arranged into five sections, this book addresses the ‘management of the dead’ across five major areas in humanitarian forensic science. Volume One presents the first three of these areas: History, Theory, Practice, and Legal Foundation; Basic Forensic Information to Trace Missing Persons; and Stable Isotopes Forensics. Topics covered include: Protection of The Missing and the Dead Under International Law Social, Cultural and Religious Factors in Humanitarian Forensic Science Posthumous Dignity and the Importance in Returning Remains of the Deceased The New Disappeared – Migration and Forensic Science Stable Isotope Analysis in Forensic Anthropology Volume Two covers two further areas of interest: DNA Analysis and the Forensic Identification Process. It concludes with a comprehensive set of case studies focused on identifying the deceased, and finding missing persons from around the globe, including: Forensic Human Identification from an Australian Perspective Skeletal Remains and Identification Processing at the FBI Migrant Deaths along the Texas/Mexico Border Humanitarian Work in Cyprus by The Committee on Missing Persons (CMP) Volcán De Fuego Eruption – Natural Disaster Response from Guatemala Drawing upon a wide range of contributions from respected academics working in the field, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action is a unique reference for forensic practitioners, communities of humanitarian workers, human rights defenders, and government and non-governmental officials.

Physical and Biochemical Factors Affecting the Recovery and Analysis of DNA from Human Skeletal Remains

Physical and Biochemical Factors Affecting the Recovery and Analysis of DNA from Human Skeletal Remains
Author: Laura Gaydosh Combs
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1035202006
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical and Biochemical Factors Affecting the Recovery and Analysis of DNA from Human Skeletal Remains Book Review:

There are approximately 4,400 sets of unidentified human remains recovered each year, nearly a quarter of which are not identified within the year following recovery. Obtaining genetic information through DNA testing of bone samples has become a critical element to identifying missing persons and recovered human remains. DNA is preserved within the structure of bone for vast amounts of time, surviving environmental and microbial insults, yet bone is one the most challenging sample types encountered by forensic scientists. This is due to the resilient structure of bone and the prevalence and variety of materials which co-isolate with DNA during extraction and function as inhibitors of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Bone-associated PCR inhibitors include native components and environmental materials, acquired as a consequence of the porous composition of bone. Quality assurance requirements governing DNA testing laboratories do not mandate direct evaluation of the product of the DNA extraction process; coupled with poor characterization of PCR inhibitors, the forensic community has not adequately demonstrated the efficiency of methods used to extract DNA from bone samples. The primary hypothesis is failure of PCR-based testing of DNA from skeletal remains is frequently encountered due to inefficient extraction methods and PCR inhibition. This dissertation project has: 1) demonstrated an approach for identifying and characterizing putative PCR inhibitors, emphasizing those originating from the mineral contents of bone; and, 2) assessed the efficiency of current methods used for extracting DNA from bone samples, in terms of quality and quantity of the recovered template. Control genomic DNA, bone samples from adjudicated forensic cases obtained from the University of North Texas Center for Human Identification, and cadaver bone samples obtained from the Willed Body Program at University of North Texas Health Science Center were used for experiments. Laboratory experiments included: DNA extraction, analysis of DNA fragmentation, quantification of DNA, amplification of short tandem repeat (STR) forensic loci, genetic analysis, and elemental analyses that were conducted in collaboration with the University of North Texas Department of Chemistry and Forensic Science Program.

Forensic and Clinical Forensic Autopsy

Forensic and Clinical Forensic Autopsy
Author: Cristoforo Pomara,Vittorio Fineschi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2020-12-21
ISBN 10: 1000245861
ISBN 13: 9781000245868
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic and Clinical Forensic Autopsy Book Review:

Forensic and Clinical Forensic Autopsy: An Atlas and Handbook, Second Edition, provides a step-by-step, photo-assisted guide illustrating the complete autopsy, from pre- through post-autopsy procedures. All too often, forensic pathologists perform autopsies that are limited only to the body parts that are suspected, leading to biased and inaccurate results. A correct diagnosis for cause of death can only be reached by a strict and systematic examination of the whole body. The chapters of this book look at external cadaver examiner, organ removal methods, laboratory procedures, including recording and imaging techniques, microscopy applications, pediatric and fetal autopsies, and checking for genetic disease and DNA diagnosis. New chapters and sections to this edition cover histology and immunohistochemistry, in addition to the added coverage on forensic anthropology and molecular autopsy. Key Features: Includes new coverage of histology, immunohistochemistry, forensic anthropology, and molecular autopsy. Provides numerous case studies outlining the real-world best practice with over 550 full-color, detailed photographs illustrating concepts. Presents clear, step-by-step processes for completing autopsies consistently and systematically. Details laboratory procedures, Forensic Applications of Microscopy, and new imaging techniques relative to standardized pre- and post-autopsy procedures. Utilizes a series of forensic case studies to demonstrate each technique described and the approach used. From macroscopic to microscopic approaches, Forensic and Clinical Forensic Autopsy, Second Edition, provides detailed guidelines for performance of autopsy on every part of the human body. Using these standardized protocols with the proper knowledge, training, and experience, pathologists – and students of pathology and forensic pathology – can rely on this book to help them develop the skills needed to become experts in their field.

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action
Author: Roberto C. Parra,Sara C. Zapico,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN 10: 111948202X
ISBN 13: 9781119482024
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action Book Review:

Widens traditional concepts of forensic science to include humanitarian, social, and cultural aspects Using the preservation of the dignity of the deceased as its foundation, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action: Interacting with the Dead and the Living is a unique examination of the applications of humanitarian forensic science. Spanning two comprehensive volumes, the text is sufficiently detailed for forensic practitioners, yet accessible enough for non-specialists, and discusses both the latest technologies and real-world interactions. Arranged into five sections, this book addresses the ‘management of the dead’ across five major areas in humanitarian forensic science. Volume One presents the first three of these areas: History, Theory, Practice, and Legal Foundation; Basic Forensic Information to Trace Missing Persons; and Stable Isotopes Forensics. Topics covered include: Protection of The Missing and the Dead Under International Law Social, Cultural and Religious Factors in Humanitarian Forensic Science Posthumous Dignity and the Importance in Returning Remains of the Deceased The New Disappeared – Migration and Forensic Science Stable Isotope Analysis in Forensic Anthropology Volume Two covers two further areas of interest: DNA Analysis and the Forensic Identification Process. It concludes with a comprehensive set of case studies focused on identifying the deceased, and finding missing persons from around the globe, including: Forensic Human Identification from an Australian Perspective Skeletal Remains and Identification Processing at the FBI Migrant Deaths along the Texas/Mexico Border Humanitarian Work in Cyprus by The Committee on Missing Persons (CMP) Volcán De Fuego Eruption – Natural Disaster Response from Guatemala Drawing upon a wide range of contributions from respected academics working in the field, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action is a unique reference for forensic practitioners, communities of humanitarian workers, human rights defenders, and government and non-governmental officials.

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton
Author: Alexandra R. Klales
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2020-05-30
ISBN 10: 0128157682
ISBN 13: 9780128157688
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton Book Review:

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point. Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains. Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton
Author: M. Anne Katzenberg,Shelley R. Saunders
Publsiher: Wiley-Liss
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2008-04-07
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015076182123
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton Book Review:

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton covers a scope of major topics in human skeletal biology and will be an indispensable research guide to biological anthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, and archaeologists. But the new, second edition also addresses the need to teach this complex material to a steadily growing population of senior graduates and graduate students. Thus while bolstering the original goal of conveying the excitement of the research to students, the new edition also provides enhanced case examples and discussions for future directions that will make it even more useful in teaching and classroom situations.

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains
Author: Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2011-10-27
ISBN 10: 1439850305
ISBN 13: 9781439850305
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains Book Review:

This reference, now in its second edition, is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, as well as any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that are used to successfully survey, map, recover, document, collect, and transport evidence. New additions to the reference include discussion questions and suggested readings, updated mapping and measuring techniques, including a section on GIS and backpack differential GPS systems, expanded information on botany, DNA, and soil, and non-forensic burial contexts. Almost 200 illustrations are included to help clarify concepts.

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains
Author: Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2005-08-23
ISBN 10: 1420037943
ISBN 13: 9781420037944
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains Book Review:

An essential reference for both forensic experts and non-experts alike, Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, along with any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that ar

FORENSIC OSTEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

FORENSIC OSTEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Author: Scott I. Fairgrieve
Publsiher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
Total Pages: 364
Release: 1999-01-01
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

FORENSIC OSTEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS Book Review:

This timely volume on case studies in forensic osteology with background information on how osteological analysis is applied to human/faunal remains found in legal contexts is primarily designed for students of forensic anthropology/osteology who have a background in human anatomy and/or osteology. It also will be of interest to those individuals lacking this background and who may very well want to read the book for its many case studies. Although many journals publish case reports, there are instances when a more detailed and full description of circumstances are warranted. Further, beginning students initially require a more thorough treatment of the thinking behind the application of analytical techniques; an important aspect that may not be covered in the professional literature. Based on the foregoing, the premise of this book is that each case has a unique quality and thus presents unique problems for the analyst to approach. It is important for the reader to understand the limits for forensic osteology by examining not only its successes but also its failures. This book presents this type of information. The chapters appear as follows: Forensic Osteological Analysis: An Introduction; Of Beasts and Humans: A Case of Recognition; Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Was He a She or She a He?; Sex Determination: XX or XY from the Human Skeleton; Identification of a Missing Person Using Biomechanical and DNA Analysis: A Case Study; DISH Rats and a Rolex; Death on the Danforth; The Identification of the Remains of Don Francisco Pizarro; Clinkers on the Little Bighorn Battlefield: In Situ Investigation of Scattered Recent Cremains; The Wrong Urn: Commingling of Cremains in Mortuary Practices; Cremated Remains and Expert Testimony in a Homicide Case; An Anthropological Investigation of a Rural Homicide Scene; Forensic Osteology of Strangulation; Pathological Changes on Human Skeletal Remains: Before, During or After?; Unusual Skeletal Anomalies and Pathologies in Forensic Casework; Biker's Bones: An Avocational Syndrome; Identity Crisis: Two Case Studies -- Success and Failure in Personal Identification Determination; Mass Disasters: Comments and Discussion Regarding the Hinton Train Collision of 1986; The Role of Forensic Anthropology in Human Rights Issues; and Forensic Entomology: The Use of Insects in Death Investigations.

Forensic DNA Analysis

Forensic DNA Analysis
Author: Elena Pilli,Andrea Berti
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2021-03-31
ISBN 10: 1000064581
ISBN 13: 9781000064582
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic DNA Analysis Book Review:

Forensic DNA Analysis: Technological Development and Innovative Applications provides a fascinating overview of new and innovative technologies and current applications in forensic genetics. Edited by two forensic experts with many years of forensic crime experience with the Italian police and with prestigious academic universities, the volume takes an interdisciplinary perspective, the volume presents an introduction to genome polymorphisms, discusses, forensic genetic markers, presents a variety of new methods and techniques in forensic genetics, and looks at a selection of new technological innovations and inventions now available from commercial vendors. The book is an important resource for scientists, researchers, and other experts in the field who will find it of interest for its exhaustive discussion of the most important technological innovations in forensic genetics. For those newer to the field, the volume will be an invaluable reference guide to the forensic world.

Forensic DNA Typing Principles Applications and Advancements

Forensic DNA Typing  Principles  Applications and Advancements
Author: Pankaj Shrivastava,Hirak Ranjan Dash,Jose A. Lorente,Jahangir Imam
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 685
Release: 2020-12-11
ISBN 10: 9811566550
ISBN 13: 9789811566554
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic DNA Typing Principles Applications and Advancements Book Review:

The book explores the fundamental principles, advances in forensic techniques, and its application on forensic DNA analysis. The book is divided into three modules; the first module provides the historical prospect of forensic DNA typing and introduces fundamentals of forensic DNA typing, methodology, and technical advancements, application of STRs, and DNA databases for forensic DNA profile analysis. Module 2 examines the problems and challenges encountered in extracting DNA and generating DNA profiles. It provides information on the methods and the best practices for DNA isolation from forensic biological samples and human remains like ancient DNA, DNA typing of skeletal remains and disaster victim identification, the importance of DNA typing in human trafficking, and various problems associated with capillary electrophoresis. Module 3 emphasizes various technologies that are based on SNPs, STRs namely Y-STR, X-STR, mitochondrial DNA profiling in forensic science. Module 4 explores the application of non-human forensic DNA typing of domestic animals, wildlife forensics, plant DNA fingerprinting, and microbial forensics. The last module discusses new areas and alternative methods in forensic DNA typing, including Next-Generation Sequencing, and its utility in forensic science, oral microbes, and forensic DNA phenotyping. Given its scope, the book is a useful resource in the field of DNA fingerprinting for scientists, forensic experts, and students at the postgraduate level.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
Author: Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2013-12-30
ISBN 10: 0124172903
ISBN 13: 9780124172906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Anthropology Book Review:

Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning