Firearm and Toolmark Identification

Firearm and Toolmark Identification
Author: Ronald Nichols
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2018-07-14
ISBN 10: 0128134623
ISBN 13: 9780128134627
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Book Review:

Firearm and Tool Mark Identification: The Scientific Reliability of the Forensic Science Discipline examines the scientific reliability of the firearm and tool mark identification discipline (FATM-ID). It answers two primary questions that are necessary to assess the reliability of FATM-ID, including 1) Do different tools produce different tool marks? and 2) Can a trained examiner reliably distinguish among them? Other books published on the topic have assumed these true and have simply discussed what is involved in the discipline. This book brings together the most recent studies, serving as a well-referenced, single resource that shows that FATM-ID is scientifically reliable. Intended primarily for firearm and tool mark examiners, this valuable resource serves as a primary requirement for the training of firearm and tool mark examiners. Finally, it will be a valuable resource for attorneys who are seeking to better understand the scientific reliability of FATM-ID. Written by a foremost expert in FATM-ID, the book provides a complete and scientific examination for anyone involved in firearm and tool mark identification. Provides a single resource that examines the scientific reliability of firearm and tool mark identification Covers the role of bias in the examination process and how it can impact the reliability of the final outcome Written by an expert in the field with over 25 years of firearm and tool mark experience

Firearm and Toolmark Examination and Identification

Firearm and Toolmark Examination and Identification
Author: Max M. Houck
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2015-10-17
ISBN 10: 0128006226
ISBN 13: 9780128006221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Firearm and Toolmark Examination and Identification Book Review:

The Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: "Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward." This volume, Firearm and Toolmark Examination and Identification, will serve as a graduate-level text for those studying and teaching firearm and toolmark examination and identification. It will also prove an excellent reference for forensic practitioner’s libraries or use in their casework. Coverage includes a wide variety of tools and toolmarks, analysis of gunshots, ammunition, gunshot wounds and professional issues they may encounter. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of firearms and toolmarks Contains information on a wide variety of tools and toolmarks Covers the analysis and interpretation of gunshots, ammunition and gunshot wounds Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, lab reports, and health and safety Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Forensic Firearm Examination

Forensic Firearm Examination
Author: Chris Monturo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 0128145404
ISBN 13: 9780128145401
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Firearm Examination Book Review:

Forensic Firearm Examination provides the reader with a thorough understanding of theory, application, and process of firearm comparison. It is essential in the field of forensic firearm examination to not only understand the marks that examiners are observing, but more importantly learn where these marks come from during the manufacturing process. This book explores the various machining techniques utilized in the manufacturing process and the resulting marks left by those tools. This information will equip the examiner with the knowledge to answer questions posed by the legal system regarding the uniqueness or potential similarity of marks on firearms imparted to fired bullets and cartridge cases. Intended primarily for firearm and tool mark examiners, this valuable resource serves as a primary requirement for the training of firearm and tool mark examiners. Other forensic science disciplines who rely on pattern matching as a primary determining factor whether or not two objects may share a common source would also find utility in this work. Finally, it will be a valuable resource for attorneys who are seeking to understand better the scientific aspects of firearm identification. Written by a foremost expert in the field, Forensic Firearm Examination explores specific firearm manufacturing techniques and the resulting marks, which has not been covered in any book publication. Chris Monturo has over 23 years of experience as forensic firearm and tool mark examiner. Additionally, he is a distinguished member of the Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners (AFTE), a past member of the Scientific Working Group for Firearm and Tool Marks (SWGGUN), past member of the Organization of Scientific Area Subcommittees (OSAC) for firearm and tool marks and has instructed courses in machining for the firearm examiner in the United States and Internationally. Provides reader with a thorough understanding of theory, application, and process of firearm identification Topics include the manufacturing process of all components that interact with the bullet or case during firing, the nature of manufacturing and potential pitfalls, such as subclass

Ballistic Imaging

Ballistic Imaging
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee to Assess the Feasibility, Accuracy, and Technical Capability of a National Ballistics Database
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2008-10-10
ISBN 10: 0309117240
ISBN 13: 9780309117241
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ballistic Imaging Book Review:

Ballistic Imaging assesses the state of computer-based imaging technology in forensic firearms identification. The book evaluates the current law enforcement database of images of crime-related cartridge cases and bullets and recommends ways to improve the usefulness of the technology for suggesting leads in criminal investigations. It also advises against the construction of a national reference database that would include images from test-fires of every newly manufactured or imported firearm in the United States. The book also suggests further research on an alternate method for generating an investigative lead to the location where a gun was first sold: "microstamping," the direct imprinting of unique identifiers on firearm parts or ammunition.

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics
Author: Brian J. Heard
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2011-08-17
ISBN 10: 1119964776
ISBN 13: 9781119964773
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics Book Review:

The updated second edition of Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics includes recent developed analytical techniques and methodologies with a more comprehensive glossary, additional material, and new case studies. With a new chapter on the determination of bullet caliber via x-ray photography, this edition includes revised material on muzzle attachments, proof marks, non-toxic bullets, and gunshot residues. Essential reading for forensic scientists, firearms examiners, defense and prosecution practitioners, the judiciary, and police force, this book is also a helpful reference guide for undergraduate and graduate forensic science students.

Battlefield Forensics for Persian Gulf States

Battlefield Forensics for Persian Gulf States
Author: Don Mikko,William Bailey
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 87
Release: 2019-05-13
ISBN 10: 0429765541
ISBN 13: 9780429765544
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Battlefield Forensics for Persian Gulf States Book Review:

Battlefield Forensics for Persian Gulf States provides an illustrative reference of various weapons, toolmarks, headstamps, and other traits in order to identify the origins of a variety of guns, casings, and ammunition that can be found in the Middle East. Various conflicts in the region have led to innumerable weapons being used throughout the years. The lead author, Don Mikko, has investigated and examined firearms related items of evidence in countless crime scenes throughout the world. As the Chief of the Firearms Branch at the United States Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory (USACIL), Fort Gillem, Georgia, he recruited, trained, and competency tested military contractors deploying to various combat related areas of the world, those providing forensic firearm and toolmark identification support to local commanders. What was learned was that various foreign weapons and ammunition were being utilized in conflicts and by opposing forces. This book educates readers on the technical data for different types of firearms, ammunition, countries of origin, proof marks, penetrator information and the typical firearm markings imparted on fired cartridge cases, such as breech-face, firing pin, ejector, and extractor markings. Forensics and biometrics within the Persian Gulf have been leveraged since the early 1990s and many of the firearms and types of ammunition covered in this handbook are addressed in an effort to assist those on the ground who are required to be able to identify such items in various scenarios. The information contained within the book has proven to be effective on the battlefield and has helped shape combat operations. This handbook will serve as a useful reference not only to assist military and contractor personnel within the various combat locations but will also prove to be beneficial for law-enforcement, crime laboratory personnel, forensic firearm and toolmark examiners, crime scene investigators, students, practitioners, and civilian personnel throughout the world.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2009-07-29
ISBN 10: 0309142393
ISBN 13: 9780309142397
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States Book Review:

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Shooting Incident Reconstruction

Shooting Incident Reconstruction
Author: Michael G. Haag,Lucien C. Haag
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2011-06-29
ISBN 10: 0123822424
ISBN 13: 9780123822420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Shooting Incident Reconstruction Book Review:

Forensic scientists, law enforcement, and crime scene investigators are often tasked with reconstruction of events based on crime scene evidence, and the subsequent analysis of that evidence. The use and misuse of firearms to perpetrate crimes from theft to murder necessitates numerous invitations to reconstruct shooting incidents. The discharge of firearms and the behavior of projectiles create many forms of physical evidence that, through proper testing and interpretation by a skilled forensic scientist, can establish what did and what did not occur. This book is generated from the authors' numerous years of conducting courses and seminars on the subject of shooting incident reconstruction. It seeks to thoroughly address matters from simple to complex in providing the reader an explanation of the factors surrounding ballistics, trajectory, and shooting scenes. The ultimate objectives of this unique book are to assist investigators, crime scene analysts, pathologists, ballistics experts, and lawyers to understand the terminology, science, and factors involved in reconstructing shooting incident events to solve forensic cases. The book will cover the full range of related topics including the range from which a firearm was discharged, the sequence of shots in a multiple discharge shooting incident, the position of a firearm at the moment of discharge, the position of a victim at the moment of impact, the probable flight path of a projectile, the manner in which a firearm was discharged and much more. Written by the most well-respected shooting scene and ballistics experts in the world Contains over 200 full-color diagrams and photographs that support and illustrate key concepts Case studies illustrate real-world application of technical concepts

Forensic Science and Law

Forensic Science and Law
Author: Cyril H. Wecht,John T. Rago
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2005-12-22
ISBN 10: 1420058118
ISBN 13: 9781420058116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Science and Law Book Review:

Forensic science has undergone dramatic progress in recent years, including in the areas of DNA collection and analysis and the reconstruction of crime scenes. However, too few professionals are equipped with the knowledge necessary to fully apply the potential of science in civil, criminal, and family legal matters. Featuring contributions from renowned experts in the forensic, scientific, and legal professions, Forensic Science and Law: Investigative Applications in Criminal, Civil, and Family Justice communicates the wide range of methods and approaches used for achieving justice in these circumstances. A solid grounding in the underlying principles of our legal system provides a context for understanding how these methods are applied. The book brings together the words and thoughts of diverse professionals whose common goal is to uncover the truth. About the editors... Cyril H. Wecht, M.D., J.D., is actively involved as a medical-legal and forensic science consultant, author, and lecturer. Currently coroner of Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, he is certified by the American Board of Pathology in anatomic, clinical, and forensic pathology and is a Fellow of the College of American Pathologists and the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Dr. Wecht is a Clinical Professor at the University of Pittsburgh Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, and Graduate School of Public Health, an Adjunct Professor at Duquesne University Schools of Law, Pharmacy and Health Services, and a Distinguished Professor at Carlow University. He is a past president of both the American College of Legal Medicine and the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Dr. Wecht is the author of more than 500 professional publications and has appeared as a guest on numerous national television and radio talk shows. John T. Rago, J.D., is Assistant Professor of Law at Duquesne University School of Law and the Director of both The Cyril H. Wecht Institute of Forensic Science and Law and the Law School’s Post-conviction DNA Project. He teaches criminal law and procedure to law students and graduate courses on wrongful convictions, foundations in American law and constitutional criminal procedure to students in the university’s Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences. Professor Rago also serves as an appointed member to the Innocence Project’s Policy Group of the Cardozo School of Law in New York. He is admitted to practice before the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, the United States Supreme Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania.

Cartridges and Firearm Identification

Cartridges and Firearm Identification
Author: Robert E. Walker
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2012-11-26
ISBN 10: 146650207X
ISBN 13: 9781466502079
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cartridges and Firearm Identification Book Review:

At a time when crime scene television shows are all the rage amongst the civilian population, knowledge of firearm forensics is of paramount importance to crime scene analysts, police detectives, and attorneys for both the prosecution and the defense. Cartridges and Firearm Identification brings together a unique, multidisciplined approach to quest

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria
Author: RG. Nichols
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 9
Release: 1997
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1251685765
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria Book Review:

A review of the literature pertaining to identification criteria for firearms and toolmark identification was performed. Thirty-four articles were reviewed including empirical studies of consecutively manufactured barrels, firing pins, breechfaces, and assorted tools. Also reviewed were mathematical and computer models developed for the purpose of developing a standard identification criteria. These articles are reviewed in a format to allow interested parties to learn what has been done in the field so as to permit a better articulation of their own criteria for identification.

Color Atlas of Forensic Toolmark Identification

Color Atlas of Forensic Toolmark Identification
Author: Nicholas Petraco
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2010-09-21
ISBN 10: 1420043935
ISBN 13: 9781420043938
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Color Atlas of Forensic Toolmark Identification Book Review:

In the wake of the Daubert ruling, the use of forensic toolmark evidence in court has been problematic, in that the conclusions of forensic scientists as to toolmark origin often lack scientifically sound statistical proof. In the Color Atlas of Forensic Toolmark Identification, noted forensic expert Nicholas Petraco helps move toolmark examination

Crime Scene Investigation

Crime Scene Investigation
Author: National Institute of Justice (U.S.). Technical Working Group on Crime Scene Investigation
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: PURD:32754070792209
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crime Scene Investigation Book Review:

This is a guide to recommended practices for crime scene investigation. The guide is presented in five major sections, with sub-sections as noted: (1) Arriving at the Scene: Initial Response/Prioritization of Efforts (receipt of information, safety procedures, emergency care, secure and control persons at the scene, boundaries, turn over control of the scene and brief investigator/s in charge, document actions and observations); (2) Preliminary Documentation and Evaluation of the Scene (scene assessment, "walk-through" and initial documentation); (3) Processing the Scene (team composition, contamination control, documentation and prioritize, collect, preserve, inventory, package, transport, and submit evidence); (4) Completing and Recording the Crime Scene Investigation (establish debriefing team, perform final survey, document the scene); and (5) Crime Scene Equipment (initial responding officers, investigator/evidence technician, evidence collection kits).

The 13 Critical Tasks An Inside Out Approach to Solving More Gun Crime

The 13 Critical Tasks  An Inside Out Approach to Solving More Gun Crime
Author: Peter Gagliardi
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2019-10-08
ISBN 10: 1999003837
ISBN 13: 9781999003838
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The 13 Critical Tasks An Inside Out Approach to Solving More Gun Crime Book Review:

This book describes the people, processes, and technologies needed to extract actionable intelligence from the inside, and outside, of crime guns.

The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks

The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks
Author: David Baldwin,John Birkett,Owen Facey,Gilleon Rabey
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2013-09-23
ISBN 10: 1118374177
ISBN 13: 9781118374177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of Tool Marks Book Review:

The Forensic Examination and Interpretation of ToolMarks brings together key techniques and developments inthe field of tool marks in forensic science and explains clearlyhow tool mark analysis can be used within forensicinvestigation. The purpose of this book is to bring together as much of thisinformation as possible in an accessible manner. The book dealswith all aspects of tool mark evidence from crime scene tocourtroom. The examination of a wide variety of different toolmarks are discussed, including those made by specific tools such assaws and in complex materials such as bone. The general principles and techniques used in tool markexaminations can also be applied to some other closely relatedfields. Therefore, sections on the examination of manufacturingmarks, including those on plastic film items, and physical fitcomparisons are also included. The book will be of interest to a wide range of people andnot just to tool mark examiners and people studying forensicscience. It will be of use to crime scene examiners, officersinvestigating crimes where tool marks are found and members of thelegal professions. Brings together key techniques and developments within thefield of tool mark investigation. Includes material on examining tool marks at the crime sceneand in the laboratory, interpretation and evaluation issues and howtool mark evidence should be presented in court. Covers specialized tool mark examinations, manufacturing marks,including those on plastic film items, and physical fits. Includes a large range of illustrations and photographs. Invaluable reference for practicing forensic scientists,students of forensic sciences, members of the legal professions andcrime scene investigators, enabling them to recognise theimportance of tool marks within an investigation. An extremely valuable resource in the on-going debate regardingthe evidential value of tool marks in court. Part of the ‘Essentials in Forensic Science’book series.

Forensic Science

Forensic Science
Author: Stuart H. James,Jon J. Nordby Ph.D.,Suzanne Bell,Lana J Williams
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2014-01-13
ISBN 10: 143985386X
ISBN 13: 9781439853863
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Science Book Review:

Covering a range of fundamental topics essential to modern forensic investigation, the fourth edition of the landmark text Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques presents contributions from experts in the field who discuss case studies from their own personal files. This edition has been thoroughly updated to r

Autopsy of a Crime Lab

Autopsy of a Crime Lab
Author: Brandon L. Garrett
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2021-03-23
ISBN 10: 0520976630
ISBN 13: 9780520976634
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autopsy of a Crime Lab Book Review:

This book exposes the dangerously imperfect forensic evidence that we rely on for criminal convictions. "That's not my fingerprint, your honor," said the defendant, after FBI experts reported a "100-percent identification." They were wrong. It is shocking how often they are. Autopsy of a Crime Lab is the first book to catalog the sources of error and the faulty science behind a range of well-known forensic evidence, from fingerprints and firearms to forensic algorithms. In this devastating forensic takedown, noted legal expert Brandon L. Garrett poses the questions that should be asked in courtrooms every day: Where are the studies that validate the basic premises of widely accepted techniques such as fingerprinting? How can experts testify with 100 percent certainty about a fingerprint, when there is no such thing as a 100 percent match? Where is the quality control in the laboratories and at the crime scenes? Should we so readily adopt powerful new technologies like facial recognition software and rapid DNA machines? And why have judges been so reluctant to consider the weaknesses of so many long-accepted methods? Taking us into the lives of the wrongfully convicted or nearly convicted, into crime labs rocked by scandal, and onto the front lines of promising reform efforts driven by professionals and researchers alike, Autopsy of a Crime Lab illustrates the persistence and perniciousness of shaky science and its well-meaning practitioners.

ATF National Firearms Act Handbook

ATF   National Firearms Act Handbook
Author: U.S. Department of Justice
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 0359520235
ISBN 13: 9780359520237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

ATF National Firearms Act Handbook Book Review:

Forensic Comparative Science

Forensic Comparative Science
Author: John Vanderkolk
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2009-08-19
ISBN 10: 9780080920016
ISBN 13: 0080920012
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Comparative Science Book Review:

While there is no such thing as a perfect match in the field of forensic comparative science, Forensic Comparative Science: Qualitative Quantitative Source Determination of Unique Impressions, Images, and Objects provides the experience, understanding, and judgment, necessary for concluding whether two unique images share common origin from a unique and persistent source. Knowing there will be ranges of different levels of details throughout images, the expert must be able to comprehend when a sufficient quality and quantity of details is reached to render a judgment. By utilizing a process of analyzing the first image, analyzing the second image, comparing them to each other, and evaluating the significance of the analyses and comparisons based on expertise, the comparative scientist will be able to recognize the belief and believe the recognition that occurs during comparative examinations. Forensic Comparative Science presents a philosophical and theoretical approach to explaining the cognitive process of comparative measurements and source determination. Science is about understanding and generalizing nature. This book is about generalizing comparative science. Brings the comparative sciences under one philosophy of understanding in regards to terminology, examination method and standards for conclusions Provides standards for conclusions including sufficiency vs. insufficiency for comparisons, individualization, agreement vs. disagreement, and levels of detail required Not only helps gaining scientific and technical knowledge but also helps to understand and appreciate the importance of the comparative sciences to the criminal justice system A ‘must read’ for any forensic science student with an interest in comparative sciences, all trainees in forensic laboratories, and active examiners throughout the world wanting a compilation of many disciplines under one generalized philosophy of examination

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria
Author: RG. Nichols
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 10
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1251681910
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria Book Review:

An update to a previously published review of articles pertaining to firearmand toolmark identification criteria is presented. In this update, 22 additionalarticles were reviewed, including works of a general nature, studies criticallyassessing the theory of consecutive matching striations, empirical studiesinvolving various firearm components, toolmark studies, as well as articlesdiscussing the utility of statistics in the firearms and toolmark identificationdiscipline. These articles have been reviewed in a format to permit othersto learn what has been published in the field in an effort to educate interestedparties. Further, a discussion of the importance of articulation and communicationwithin the discipline is presented.