Fire Toxicity

Fire Toxicity
Author: A A Stec,T R Hull
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2010-03-12
ISBN 10: 184569807X
ISBN 13: 9781845698072
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Toxicity Book Review:

Toxic fire effluents are responsible for the majority of fire deaths, and an increasing large majority of fire injuries, driven by the widespread and increasing use of synthetic polymers. Fire safety has focused on preventing ignition and reducing flame spread through reducing the rate of heat release, while neglecting the important issue of fire toxicity. This is the first reference work on fire toxicity and the only scientific publication on the subject in the last 15 years. Assessment of toxic effects of fires is increasingly being recognised as a key factor in the assessment of fire hazards. This book raises important issues including the types of toxic effluents that different fires produce, their physiological effects, methods for generation and assessment of fire toxicity, current and proposed regulations and approaches to modelling the toxic impact of fires. The contributors to Fire toxicity represent an international team of the leading experts in each aspect of this challenging and important field. This book provides an important reference work for professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety engineers, and formulators of fire-safe materials. It will also prove invaluable to researchers in academia and industry. Investigates the controversial subject of toxic effluents as the cause of the majority of fire deaths and injuries Describes the different types of toxic effluents and the specific fires that they produce, their physiological effects and methods for generation Provides an overview of national and international fire safety regulations including current and proposed regulations such as a standardized framework for prediction of fire gas toxicity

Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire

Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire
Author: P. J. Fardell
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 101
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 9781859570012
ISBN 13: 1859570011
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire Book Review:

This report does not seek to single out synthetic polymers as a special case. It aims to provide an overview of the whole subject of combustion toxicity and threat to life, whilst supplying specific information on the most frequently encountered polymeric materials, and combustion products such as dioxins which have received high levels of media attention. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.

Fire Toxicity of Plastics

Fire Toxicity of Plastics
Author: Rapra Technology Limited
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 64
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 9780902348448
ISBN 13: 0902348442
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Toxicity of Plastics Book Review:

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials
Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joseph O. Falkinham,Jerzy Galaj
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2022-03-05
ISBN 10: 0323852912
ISBN 13: 9780323852913
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Book Review:

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials presents the potential and toxic effects of building materials on human health, along with tactics on how to minimize exposure. Chapters are divided into four sections covering the toxicity of indoor environments, fire toxicity, radioactive materials, and toxicity from plastics, metals, asbestos, nanoparticles and construction wastes. Key chapters focus on the reduction of chemical emissions in houses with eco-labelled building materials and potential risks posed by indoor pollutants that may include volatile organic compounds (VOC), formaldehyde, semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC), radon, NOx, asbestos and nanoparticles. Known illnesses and reactions that can be triggered by these toxic building materials include asthma, itchiness, burning eyes, skin irritations or rashes, nose and throat irritation, nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, reproductive impairment, disruption of the endocrine system, impaired child development and birth defects, immune system suppression, and even cancer. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on human health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Presents coverage on fire toxicity and an evaluation of the radioactivity of building materials Includes several cases studies throughout and addresses current international standards

Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke

Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke
Author: Harry K. Hasegawa
Publsiher: ASTM International
Total Pages: 183
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 0803113862
ISBN 13: 9780803113862
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke Book Review:

"Contains papers presented at a symposium held in Phoenix, Ariz. on Dec. 5, 1988 and sponsored by ASTM Committee E-5 on Fire Standards."-- Foreword. - "ASTM publication code number (PCN) 04-010820-31."--t.p. verso. - "ASTM Special Technical Publication 1081. - Includes bibliographical references and indexes. - Electronic reproduction; W. Conshohocken, Pa; ASTM International; 2011; Mode of access: World Wide Web; System requirements: Web browser; Access may be restricted to users at subscribing institutions.

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook
Author: U.S. Department of Transportation
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-06-03
ISBN 10: 1626363765
ISBN 13: 9781626363762
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emergency Response Guidebook Book Review:

Does the identification number 60 indicate a toxic substance or a flammable solid, in the molten state at an elevated temperature? Does the identification number 1035 indicate ethane or butane? What is the difference between natural gas transmission pipelines and natural gas distribution pipelines? If you came upon an overturned truck on the highway that was leaking, would you be able to identify if it was hazardous and know what steps to take? Questions like these and more are answered in the Emergency Response Guidebook. Learn how to identify symbols for and vehicles carrying toxic, flammable, explosive, radioactive, or otherwise harmful substances and how to respond once an incident involving those substances has been identified. Always be prepared in situations that are unfamiliar and dangerous and know how to rectify them. Keeping this guide around at all times will ensure that, if you were to come upon a transportation situation involving hazardous substances or dangerous goods, you will be able to help keep others and yourself out of danger. With color-coded pages for quick and easy reference, this is the official manual used by first responders in the United States and Canada for transportation incidents involving dangerous goods or hazardous materials.

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials
Author: Arthur F. Grand,Charles A. Wilkie
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2000-04-05
ISBN 10: 9781420027099
ISBN 13: 1420027093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Book Review:

This volume addresses the state of the art in fire retardancy studies and the need for fire retardant chemicals and fire-retarded polymers, while considering the interrelationship among polymer degradation, fire retardant efficacy, fire testing and environmental concerns. The work examines the principles of polymer science with respect to fire retardancy.

Fires Explosions and Toxic Gas Dispersions

Fires  Explosions  and Toxic Gas Dispersions
Author: Marc J. Assael,Konstantinos E. Kakosimos
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2010-02-23
ISBN 10: 9781439826768
ISBN 13: 1439826765
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fires Explosions and Toxic Gas Dispersions Book Review:

Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Annual Conference on Fire Research

Annual Conference on Fire Research
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1980
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015086421826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual Conference on Fire Research Book Review:

NIST Building Fire Research Laboratory Publications

NIST Building   Fire Research Laboratory Publications
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015033754758
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NIST Building Fire Research Laboratory Publications Book Review:

Polymer Green Flame Retardants

Polymer Green Flame Retardants
Author: Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Pantelis Kiliaris
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 942
Release: 2014-08-14
ISBN 10: 0444538097
ISBN 13: 9780444538093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Green Flame Retardants Book Review:

Polymer Green Flame Retardants covers key issues regarding the response of polymers during fire, the mechanisms of their flame retardation, the regulations imposed on their use, and the health hazards arising from their combustion. Presenting the latest research developments, the book focuses in particular on nanocomposites, believed to be the most promising approach for producing physically superior materials with low flammability and ecological impact. The fire properties of nanocomposites of various matrixes and fillers are discussed, the toxicological characteristics of these materials are analyzed, addressing also their environmental sustainability. Edited by distinguished scientists, including an array of international industry and academia experts, this book will appeal to chemical, mechanical, environmental, material and process engineers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines, and generally to researchers developing commercially attractive and environmentally friendly fire-proof products. Provides recent findings on the manufacture of environmentally sustainable flame retardant polymeric materials Covers legislation and regulations concerning flame retarded polymeric material use Includes tables containing the fire properties of the most common polymeric materials

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses
Author: John Krasny,William Haber,William Parker,Vytenis Babrauskas
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2008-12-05
ISBN 10: 0080946879
ISBN 13: 9780080946870
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses Book Review:

The flammability of upholstered furniture is a major concern to engineers and others across a wide swath of organizations. This book was written to provide its audience with the science and engineering needed to better understand the combustibility of the products they manufacture, purchase, and try to extinguish. It addresses the science and engineering information needs of public and private sector fire technology personnel, including fire service students and officers, fire investigators, fire protection engineers, government officials; textile, chemical, and furniture industry personnel, or institutional furniture purchasers.

Conference Record of the 1989 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting

Conference Record of the 1989 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting
Author: IEEE Industry Applications Society. Meeting
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 2418
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822004334850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conference Record of the 1989 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting Book Review:

Authorization of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act

Authorization of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 67
Release: 1985
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B5176613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Authorization of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act Book Review:

Toxicity of Building Materials

Toxicity of Building Materials
Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,Aleksandra Fucic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2012-08-13
ISBN 10: 0857096354
ISBN 13: 9780857096357
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicity of Building Materials Book Review:

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Fire Technology Abstracts

Fire Technology Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1977
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112102103949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Technology Abstracts Book Review:

Combustion Products from Ventilation Controlled Fires

Combustion Products from Ventilation Controlled Fires
Author: Omar Abdulaziz O. Aljumaiah
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 301
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:824173223
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Combustion Products from Ventilation Controlled Fires Book Review:

Toxic smoke from fires is regularly identified as the leading cause of death in fire casualties. In most countries statistics suggest more than 70% of fire deaths are caused by either toxic smoke inhalation, or heat burns and toxic smoke inhalation. In most cases, fire victims are impaired from escape due to smoke irritation and poor visibility. The fire community is now recognising the need for further research into the sub-lethal toxicity, as in most cases fire victims are impaired by these sub-lethal effects from making a safe escape. However, despite the recognition of the importance of the fire toxicity problem, limited work is done on quantifying the different fire smoke products. The available information is incomplete, and in many cases misleading. This work, attempts to address the fire toxicity problem in depth. By using state of the art experimental techniques, a thorough investigation into toxic components of fire effluent is conducted. Using a specially designed reduced scale enclosure, and an FTIR sampling system, a series of experiments were conducted examining the toxic products of low ventilation compartment fires. As a first objective, a review was conducted into the current practice of fire toxicity assessment; it was found out, that in most cases, the previously developed models, overlook the irritancy and sub-lethal quantification by adopting the lethal end-point for assessment. A review on the work exposure limits, and its relation to fire was provided. In addition, this research included experimentally examining different types of fire fuels, relevant to residential and industrial fires. The fuels studied included wood cribs, cotton towels, acrylic curtains, and hydrocarbon pool fires. The fires were burnt at ventilation rates corresponding to 5, 11, 21, 37 ACH, which simulated conditions of a limited ventilation enclosures in modern buildings. Quantified yields of irritant species, such as Acrolein, Formaldehyde, Benzene, Acetic Acid, and Acetaldehyde, are reported on a scale never accomplished before. In addition, detailed assessment of the measured species in terms of lethality and irritancy was reported. The amount of information gained from the experimental work, expanded our current understanding on toxic fire effluent, and was published in a series of publications. Finally, the gained knowledge from the experimental work was then used in an attempt to propose a new methodology for toxic fire prediction in fire models.

Fire Retardant Materials

Fire Retardant Materials
Author: A. Richard Horrocks,D. Price
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2001-02-16
ISBN 10: 1855737469
ISBN 13: 9781855737464
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Retardant Materials Book Review:

This is a comprehensive source of information on all aspects of fire retardancy. Particluar emphasis is placed on the burning behaviour and flame retarding properties of polymeric materials and textiles. It covers combustion, flame retardants, smoke and toxic products generally and then goes on to concentrate on some more material-specific aspects of combustion in relation to textiles, composites and bulk polymers. Developments in all areas of fire retardant materials are covered including research in new areas such as nanocomposition. Fire retardant materials is an essential reference source for all those working with, researching into, or designing new fire retardant materials. Detailed analysis of the burning behaviour and flame retarding properties of ploymers, composites and textiles Covers smoke and toxic gas generation Analysis of material performance in fire

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions Fires and Toxic Releases

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions  Fires  and Toxic Releases
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-11-07
ISBN 10: 1118312988
ISBN 13: 9781118312988
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions Fires and Toxic Releases Book Review:

Siting of permanent and temporary buildings in process areas requires careful consideration of potential effects of explosions and fires arising from accidental release of flammable materials. This book, which updates the 1996 edition, provides a single-source reference that explains the American Petroleum Institute (API) permanent (752) and temporary (753) building recommended practices and details how to implement them. New coverage on toxicity and updated standards are also highlighted. Practical and easy-to-use, this reliable guide is a must-have for implementing safe building practices.

Fires in Mass Transit Vehicles

Fires in Mass Transit Vehicles
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 88
Release: 1991
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fires in Mass Transit Vehicles Book Review:

Noteworthy progress has been made recently toward understanding and quantifying the smoke toxicity factors involved in fire hazard assessment. Such progress has led to increased attention to the significance of fire growth parameters for toxic hazard. Methodology has been proposed to use fire test data, including information on the toxic potency of smoke in engineering calculations for the assessment of overall fire hazard. Confidence in the methodology may evolve from comparison with full-scale fire tests as well as from human fire fatality experience. This book addresses fire modeling, fire testing, smoke toxicity testing, fire hazard assessment, and fire risk assessment.