Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science

Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science
Author: Fabien Mathy,Mustapha Chekaf
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2018-11-22
ISBN 10: 0081027974
ISBN 13: 9780081027974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science Book Review:

Software Simulation and Modeling in Psychology: MATLAB, SPSS, Excel and E-Prime describes all the stages of psychology experimentation, from the manipulation of factors, to statistical analysis, data modeling, and automated stimuli creation. The book shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive. For example, it shows how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste), generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software), and transform and recode tables of data. This type of modeling in psychology helps determine if a model fits the data, and also demonstrates that the algorithmic is not only useful, but essential for modeling data. Covers the entire process of experimenting, from designing an experiment, to modeling the data Shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive Contains sections on how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste) and generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software)

The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments

The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments
Author: Michael T Stuart,Yiftach Fehige,James Robert Brown
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 1351705512
ISBN 13: 9781351705516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments Book Review:

Thought experiments are a means of imaginative reasoning that lie at the heart of philosophy, from the pre-Socratics to the modern era, and they also play central roles in a range of fields, from physics to politics. The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments is an invaluable guide and reference source to this multifaceted subject. Comprising over 30 chapters by a team of international contributors, the Companion covers the following important areas: · the history of thought experiments, from antiquity to the trolley problem and quantum non-locality; · thought experiments in the humanities, arts, and sciences, including ethics, physics, theology, biology, mathematics, economics, and politics; · theories about the nature of thought experiments; · new discussions concerning the impact of experimental philosophy, cross-cultural comparison studies, metaphilosophy, computer simulations, idealization, dialectics, cognitive science, the artistic nature of thought experiments, and metaphysical issues. This broad ranging Companion goes backwards through history and sideways across disciplines. It also engages with philosophical perspectives from empiricism, rationalism, naturalism, skepticism, pluralism, contextualism, and neo-Kantianism to phenomenology. This volume will be valuable for anyone studying the methods of philosophy or any discipline that employs thought experiments, as well as anyone interested in the power and limits of the mind.

The Experimental Side of Modeling

The Experimental Side of Modeling
Author: Isabelle F. Peschard,Bas C. van Fraassen
Publsiher: U of Minnesota Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2018-10-02
ISBN 10: 1452957452
ISBN 13: 9781452957456
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Experimental Side of Modeling Book Review:

An innovative, multifaceted approach to scientific experiments as designed by and shaped through interaction with the modeling process The role of scientific modeling in mediation between theories and phenomena is a critical topic within the philosophy of science, touching on issues from climate modeling to synthetic models in biology, high energy particle physics, and cognitive sciences. Offering a radically new conception of the role of data in the scientific modeling process as well as a new awareness of the problematic aspects of data, this cutting-edge volume offers a multifaceted view on experiments as designed and shaped in interaction with the modeling process. Contributors address such issues as the construction of models in conjunction with scientific experimentation; the status of measurement and the function of experiment in the identification of relevant parameters; how the phenomena under study are reconceived when accounted for by a model; and the interplay between experimenting, modeling, and simulation when results do not mesh. Highlighting the mediating role of models and the model-dependence (as well as theory-dependence) of data measurement, this volume proposes a normative and conceptual innovation in scientific modeling—that the phenomena to be investigated and modeled must not be precisely identified at the start but specified during the course of the interactions arising between experimental and modeling activities. Contributors: Nancy D. Cartwright, U of California, San Diego; Anthony Chemero, U of Cincinnati; Ronald N. Giere, U of Minnesota; Jenann Ismael, U of Arizona; Tarja Knuuttila, U of South Carolina; Andrea Loettgers, U of Bern, Switzerland; Deborah Mayo, Virginia Tech; Joseph Rouse, Wesleyan U; Paul Teller, U of California, Davis; Michael Weisberg, U of Pennsylvania; Eric Winsberg, U of South Florida.

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Methodology

Stevens  Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience  Methodology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2018-03-13
ISBN 10: 1119170125
ISBN 13: 9781119170129
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Methodology Book Review:

V. Methodology: E. J. Wagenmakers (Volume Editor) Topics covered include methods and models in categorization; cultural consensus theory; network models for clinical psychology; response time modeling; analyzing neural time series data; models and methods for reinforcement learning; convergent methods of memory research; theories for discriminating signal from noise; bayesian cognitive modeling; mathematical modeling in cognition and cognitive neuroscience; the stop-signal paradigm; hypothesis testing and statistical inference; model comparison in psychology; fmri; neural recordings; open science; neural networks and neurocomputational modeling; serial versus parallel processing; methods in psychophysics.

Cognitive Science

Cognitive Science
Author: Jay Friedenberg,Gordon Silverman,Michael J. Spivey
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2021-09-16
ISBN 10: 1544380178
ISBN 13: 9781544380179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Science Book Review:

Cognitive Science provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the study of the mind. The authors examine the mind from the perspective of different fields, including philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, networks, evolution, emotional and social cognition, linguistics, artificial intelligence, robotics, and the new framework of embodied cognition. Each chapter focuses on a particular disciplinary approach and explores methodologies, theories, and empirical findings. Substantially updated with new and expanded content, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest research in this rapidly evolving field.

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules
Author: Daniel Gall
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2021-10-11
ISBN 10: 3754396781
ISBN 13: 9783754396780
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules Book Review:

Computational cognitive modeling explores cognition by building computational models for cognitive processes, mechanisms and representations. Currently, implementations of cognitive models lack a formal foundation. This inhibits analysis. In this thesis, the cognitive architecture Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational (ACT-R) is formalized and embedded into the rule-based programming language Constraint Handling Rules (CHR). The powerful analytical methods of CHR, particularly confluence analysis, are extended by reasoning modulo equivalence relations. The results are applied to the domain of cognitive modeling.

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology
Author: Ron Sun
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 753
Release: 2008-04-28
ISBN 10: 0521674107
ISBN 13: 9780521674102
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology Book Review:

This book is a definitive reference source for the growing, increasingly more important, and interdisciplinary field of computational cognitive modeling, that is, computational psychology. It combines breadth of coverage with definitive statements by leading scientists in this field. Research in computational cognitive modeling explores the essence of cognition and various cognitive functionalities through developing detailed, process-based understanding by specifying computational mechanisms, structures, and processes. Given the complexity of the human mind and its manifestation in behavioral flexibility, process-based computational models may be necessary to explicate and elucidate the intricate details of the mind. The key to understanding cognitive processes is often in fine details. Computational models provide algorithmic specificity: detailed, exactly specified, and carefully thought-out steps, arranged in precise yet flexible sequences. These models provide both conceptual clarity and precision at the same time. This book substantiates this approach through overviews and many examples.

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory
Author: Adrian Brasoveanu,Jakub Dotlačil
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2020-01-01
ISBN 10: 303031846X
ISBN 13: 9783030318468
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory Book Review:

This open access book introduces a general framework that allows natural language researchers to enhance existing competence theories with fully specified performance and processing components. Gradually developing increasingly complex and cognitively realistic competence-performance models, it provides running code for these models and shows how to fit them to real-time experimental data. This computational cognitive modeling approach opens up exciting new directions for research in formal semantics, and linguistics more generally, and offers new ways of (re)connecting semantics and the broader field of cognitive science. The approach of this book is novel in more ways than one. Assuming the mental architecture and procedural modalities of Anderson's ACT-R framework, it presents fine-grained computational models of human language processing tasks which make detailed quantitative predictions that can be checked against the results of self-paced reading and other psycho-linguistic experiments. All models are presented as computer programs that readers can run on their own computer and on inputs of their choice, thereby learning to design, program and run their own models. But even for readers who won't do all that, the book will show how such detailed, quantitatively predicting modeling of linguistic processes is possible. A methodological breakthrough and a must for anyone concerned about the future of linguistics! (Hans Kamp) This book constitutes a major step forward in linguistics and psycholinguistics. It constitutes a unique synthesis of several different research traditions: computational models of psycholinguistic processes, and formal models of semantics and discourse processing. The work also introduces a sophisticated python-based software environment for modeling linguistic processes. This book has the potential to revolutionize not only formal models of linguistics, but also models of language processing more generally. (Shravan Vasishth) .

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 1075
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 9780805838794
ISBN 13: 0805838791
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book Review:

Vol inclu all ppers & postrs presntd at 2000 Cog Sci mtg & summaries of symposia & invitd addresses. Dealg wth issues of representg & modelg cog procsses, appeals to scholars in all subdiscip tht comprise cog sci: psy, compu sci, neuro sci, ling, & philo

Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Author: Cognitive Science Society,Science Society Cognitive, Con,POLSON
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 1080
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 9780805814873
ISBN 13: 0805814876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book Review:

This volume features the complete text of all regular papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the 15th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Author: Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 800
Release: 1995
ISBN 10: 9780805821598
ISBN 13: 0805821597
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book Review:

This volume features the complete text of all regular papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the 17th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society.

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science
Author: Dionysios Anapolitanos,Aristeidēs Baltas,Stavroula Tsinorema
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 328
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780847681754
ISBN 13: 0847681750
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science Book Review:

This collection of original papers by an international group of distinguished philosophers of science impressively demonstrates the links among the philosophic points of view, areas of focus, and methods of treatment used in examining the many facets of scientific inquiry. It will be an indispensable collection for philosophers of science and scientists of various disciplines, including physicists, neuroscientists, and psychologists.

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy 4 Volume Set

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy  4 Volume Set
Author: Jefferson D. Pooley,Eric W. Rothenbuhler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 2323
Release: 2016-10-31
ISBN 10: 1118290739
ISBN 13: 9781118290736
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy 4 Volume Set Book Review:

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy is the definitive single-source reference work on the subject, with state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on key issues from leading international experts. It is available both online and in print. A state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on the key issues raised by communication, covering the history, systematics, and practical potential of communication theory Articles by leading experts offer an unprecedented level of accuracy and balance Provides comprehensive, clear entries which are both cross-national and cross-disciplinary in nature The Encyclopedia presents a truly international perspective with authors and positions representing not just Europe and North America, but also Latin America and Asia Published both online and in print Part of The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication series, published in conjunction with the International Communication Association. Online version available at Wiley Online Library

Dynamical Cognitive Science

Dynamical Cognitive Science
Author: Lawrence M. Ward
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9780262232173
ISBN 13: 0262232170
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamical Cognitive Science Book Review:

An introduction to the application of dynamical systems science to the cognitive sciences. Dynamical Cognitive Science makes available to the cognitive science community the analytical tools and techniques of dynamical systems science, adding the variables of change and time to the study of human cognition. The unifying theme is that human behavior is an "unfolding in time" whose study should be augmented by the application of time-sensitive tools from disciplines such as physics, mathematics, and economics, where change over time is of central importance. The book provides a fast-paced, comprehensive introduction to the application of dynamical systems science to the cognitive sciences. Topics include linear and nonlinear time series analysis, chaos theory, complexity theory, relaxation oscillators, and metatheoretical issues of modeling and theory building. Tools and techniques are discussed in the context of their application to basic cognitive science problems, including perception, memory, psychophysics, judgment and decision making, and consciousness. The final chapter summarizes the contemporary study of consciousness and suggests how dynamical approaches to cognitive science can help to advance our understanding of this central concept.

Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Philosophy and Cognitive Science
Author: Lorenzo Magnani,Ping Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2012-07-13
ISBN 10: 3642299288
ISBN 13: 9783642299285
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Cognitive Science Book Review:

The book addresses a number of recent topics at the crossroad of philosophy and cognitive science, taking advantage of both the western and the eastern perspectives and conceptions that emerged and were discussed at the PCS2011 Conference recently held in Guangzhou. The ever growing cultural exchange between academics and intellectual belonging to different cultures is reverberated by the juxtaposition of papers, which aim at investigating new facets of crucial problems in philosophy: the role of models in science and the fictional approach; chance seeking dynamics and how affordances work; abductive cognition; visualization in science; the cognitive structure of scientific theories; scientific representation; mathematical representation in science; model-based reasoning; analogical reasoning; moral cognition; cognitive niches and evolution.

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy
Author: Justin Sytsma,Wesley Buckwalter
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2016-05-31
ISBN 10: 1118661702
ISBN 13: 9781118661703
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy Book Review:

This is a comprehensive collection of essays that explores cutting-edge work in experimental philosophy, a radical new movement that applies quantitative and empirical methods to traditional topics of philosophical inquiry. Situates the discipline within Western philosophy and then surveys the work of experimental philosophers by sub-discipline Contains insights for a diverse range of fields, including linguistics, cognitive science, anthropology, economics, and psychology, as well as almost every area of professional philosophy today Edited by two rising scholars who take a broad and inclusive approach to the field Offers a complete introduction for non-specialists and students to the central approaches, findings, challenges, and controversies in experimental philosophy

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science
Author: Lorenzo Magnani,Tommaso Bertolotti
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1180
Release: 2017-05-22
ISBN 10: 3319305263
ISBN 13: 9783319305264
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science Book Review:

This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems
Author: John M. Flach,Peter A. Hancock,Jeff Caird,Kim J. Vicente
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2018-04-20
ISBN 10: 1351444654
ISBN 13: 9781351444651
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems Book Review:

There is a growing consensus in the human factors/ergonomics community that human factors research has had little impact on significant applied problems. Some have suggested that the problem lies in the fact that much HF/E research has been based on the wrong type of psychology, an information processing view of psychology that is reductionistic and context-free. Ecological psychology offers a viable alternative, presenting a richer view of human behavior that is holistic and contextualized. The papers presented in these two volumes show the conceptual impact that ecological psychology can have on HF/E, as well as presenting a number of specific examples illustrating the ecological approach to human-machine systems. It is the first collection of papers that explicitly draws a connection between these two fields. While work in this area is only just beginning, the evidence available suggests that taking an ecological approach to human factors/ergonomics helps bridge the existing gap between basic research and applied problems.

The Cognitive Science of Science

The Cognitive Science of Science
Author: Paul Thagard
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2012-04-06
ISBN 10: 0262300974
ISBN 13: 9780262300971
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cognitive Science of Science Book Review:

A cognitive science perspective on scientific development, drawing on philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and computational modeling. Many disciplines, including philosophy, history, and sociology, have attempted to make sense of how science works. In this book, Paul Thagard examines scientific development from the interdisciplinary perspective of cognitive science. Cognitive science combines insights from researchers in many fields: philosophers analyze historical cases, psychologists carry out behavioral experiments, neuroscientists perform brain scans, and computer modelers write programs that simulate thought processes. Thagard develops cognitive perspectives on the nature of explanation, mental models, theory choice, and resistance to scientific change, considering disbelief in climate change as a case study. He presents a series of studies that describe the psychological and neural processes that have led to breakthroughs in science, medicine, and technology. He shows how discoveries of new theories and explanations lead to conceptual change, with examples from biology, psychology, and medicine. Finally, he shows how the cognitive science of science can integrate descriptive and normative concerns; and he considers the neural underpinnings of certain scientific concepts.

Thought Experiments in Science Philosophy and the Arts

Thought Experiments in Science  Philosophy  and the Arts
Author: Melanie Frappier,Letitia Meynell,James Robert Brown
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2012-09-10
ISBN 10: 1136285997
ISBN 13: 9781136285998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thought Experiments in Science Philosophy and the Arts Book Review:

From Lucretius throwing a spear beyond the boundary of the universe to Einstein racing against a beam of light, thought experiments stand as a fascinating challenge to the necessity of data in the empirical sciences. Are these experiments, conducted uniquely in our imagination, simply rhetorical devices or communication tools or are they an essential part of scientific practice? This volume surveys the current state of the debate and explores new avenues of research into the epistemology of thought experiments.