Evidence Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease

Evidence Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease
Author: Asim K. Duttaroy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2021-07-08
ISBN 10: 0128221941
ISBN 13: 9780128221945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evidence Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease Book Review:

Evidence-Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease explores a wide range of studies from clinical investigations to mechanistic research, covering the actions of bioactives on specific tissues and cells in intestinal, neurological, immunological and cardiovascular health and disease, including cancers. The book also focuses on metabolism, mechanisms of actions, tissue-specific effects, and the structure–function relationships between clinical trial, ex vivo and in vitro data. Written for nutrition researchers, clinical researchers, dieticians, and others working in and studying health-related fields, this book highlights the concepts surrounding the preventive and therapeutic impacts of bioactive foods. Presents information on the prevention of disease using bioactive compounds Consolidates the research outcome from a variety of sources on specific bioactive foods Contains coverage of bioactive lipids and lipid mediators, bioactive phytochemicals, probiotics, bioactive proteins, peptides, polysaccharides, fibers and sphingolipids

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 493
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0123971551
ISBN 13: 9780123971555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population Book Review:

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population presents scientific evidence of the impact bioactive foods can have in the prevention and mediation of age related diseases. Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and ways the associated information could be used to understand other diseases, which share common etiological pathways.

Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health

Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2010-04-06
ISBN 10: 0080958540
ISBN 13: 9780080958545
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health Book Review:

Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion: Probiotics and Prebiotics brings together experts working on the different aspects of supplementation, foods, and bacterial preparations, in health promotion and disease prevention, to provide current scientific information, as well as providing a framework upon which to build clinical disease treatment studies. Since common dietary bacterial preparations are over-the-counter and readily available, this book will be useful to the growing nutrition, food science, and natural product community that will use it as a resource in identifying dietary behavioral modifications in pursuit of improved health as well as for treatment of specific disease, as it focuses on the growing body of knowledge of the role of various bacteria in reducing disease risk and disease. Probiotics are now a multi-billion-dollar, dietary supplement business which is built upon extremely little research data. In order to follow the 1994 ruling, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration with the support of Congress is currently pushing this industry to base its claims and products on scientific research. Research as shown that dietary habits need to be altered for most people whether for continued or improved good health. The conclusions and recommendations from the various chapters in this book will provide a basis for those important factors of change by industry with new uses. Animal studies and early clinical ones will lead to new uses and studies. Particularly the cutting edge experimental and clinical studies from Europe will provide novel approaches to clinical uses through their innovative new studies. Feature: Heavy emphasis on clinical applications (benefits and/or lack thereof) as well as future biomedical therapeutic uses identified in animal model studies Benefits: Focused on therapies and data supporting them for application in clinical medicine as complementary and alternative medicines Feature: Key insights into gut flora and the potential health benefits thereof. Benefit: Health scientists and nutritionists will use this information to map out key areas of research. Food scientists will use it in product development. Feature:Information on pre-and probiotics as important sources of micro-and macronutrients Benefit: Aids in the development of methods of bio-modification of dietary plant molecules for health promotion. Feature: Coverage of a broad range of bacterial consituents Benefits: Nutritionists will use the information to identify which of these constituents should be used as dietary supplements based on health status of an individual Feature: Science-based information on the health promoting characteristics of pre-and probiotics Benefits: Provides defense of food selections for individual consumption based on health needs and current status Feature: Diverse international authoring team experienced in studying prebiotics and probiotics for medical practice Benefits: Unusally broad range of experiences and newly completed clinical and animal studies provides extended access to latest information

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 746
Release: 2012-10-22
ISBN 10: 0123965403
ISBN 13: 9780123965400
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease Book Review:

One major example of the synergy of bioactive foods and extracts is their role as an antioxidant and the related remediation of cardiovascular disease. There is compelling evidence to suggest that oxidative stress is implicated in the physiology of several major cardiovascular diseases including heart failure and increased free radical formation and reduced antioxidant defences. Studies indicate bioactive foods reduce the incidence of these conditions, suggestive of a potential cardioprotective role of antioxidant nutrients. Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease investigates the role of foods, herbs and novel extracts in moderating the pathology leading to cardiovascular disease. It reviews existing literature, and presents new hypotheses and conclusions on the effects of different bioactive components of the diet. Addresses the most positive results from dietary interventions using bioactive foods to impact cardiovascular disease Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and other related conditions Convenient, efficient and effective source that allows readers to identify potential uses of compounds – or indicate those compounds whose use may be of little or no health benefit Associated information can be used to understand other diseases that share common etiological pathways

Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease

Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease
Author: A. Catherine Ross,Benjamin Caballero,Robert J. Cousins,Katherine L. Tucker
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 1616
Release: 2020-07-10
ISBN 10: 1284220311
ISBN 13: 9781284220315
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease Book Review:

This widely acclaimed book is a complete, authoritative reference on nutrition and its role in contemporary medicine, dietetics, nursing, public health, and public policy. Distinguished international experts provide in-depth information on historical landmarks in nutrition, specific dietary components, nutrition in integrated biologic systems, nutritional assessment through the life cycle, nutrition in various clinical disorders, and public health and policy issues.Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, Eleventh Edition, offers coverage of nutrition's role in disease prevention, international nutrition issues, public health concerns, the role of obesity in a variety of chronic illnesses, genetics as it applies to nutrition, and areas of major scientific progress relating nutrition to disease.

The Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease through the Mediterranean Diet

The Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease through the Mediterranean Diet
Author: Almudena Sánchez Villegas,Ana Sanchez-Taínta
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-09-08
ISBN 10: 0128112603
ISBN 13: 9780128112601
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease through the Mediterranean Diet Book Review:

The Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease through the Mediterranean Diet presents dietary habits that will have maximum impact on cardiovascular health and other major chronic diseases. Data collected through the results of large clinical trials, such as PREDIMED, one of the longest trials ever conducted, has allowed researchers to conclude that the Mediterranean Diet provides the best evidence for health benefits. Studies have shown that the Mediterranean Diet is able to reduce the risk of cardiovascular hard clinical events by 30%. This book explores the components of this diet, including the consumption of extra virgin olive oil, nuts, fresh fruits and vegetables, fatty fish, poultry and red wine for optimal health benefits. Analyzes the results of clinical trials that show that a healthy dietary pattern can prevent cardiovascular and other major chronic diseases Explores the components of The Mediterranean Diet in detail, allowing practitioners to pass this understanding on to patients for optimal health benefits Contains recipes, including modified versions for special populations or different cultures

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 802
Release: 2012-10-22
ISBN 10: 0123977649
ISBN 13: 9780123977649
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease Book Review:

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease provides valuable insights for those seeking nutritional treatment options for those suffering from liver and/or related gastrointestinal disease including Crohn’s, allergies, and colitis among others. Information is presented on a variety of foods including herbs, fruits, soy and olive oil. This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers in nutrition, nephrology, and gastroenterology. Addresses the most positive results from dietary interventions using bioactive foods to impact diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal system, including reduction of inflammation, improved function, and nutritional efficiency Presents a wide range of liver and gastrointestinal diseases and provides important information for additional research Associated information can be used to understand other diseases, which share common etiological pathways

Encyclopedia of Food and Health

Encyclopedia of Food and Health
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 4006
Release: 2015-08-26
ISBN 10: 0123849535
ISBN 13: 9780123849533
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Food and Health Book Review:

The Encyclopedia of Food and Health provides users with a solid bridge of current and accurate information spanning food production and processing, from distribution and consumption to health effects. The Encyclopedia comprises five volumes, each containing comprehensive, thorough coverage, and a writing style that is succinct and straightforward. Users will find this to be a meticulously organized resource of the best available summary and conclusions on each topic. Written from a truly international perspective, and covering of all areas of food science and health in over 550 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter, this updated encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for both research and educational needs. Identifies the essential nutrients and how to avoid their deficiencies Explores the use of diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health Compiles methods for detection and quantitation of food constituents, food additives and nutrients, and contaminants Contains coverage of all areas of food science and health in nearly 700 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter

Functional Food

Functional Food
Author: María Chávarri Hueda
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2017-08-02
ISBN 10: 9535134396
ISBN 13: 9789535134398
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Food Book Review:

In recent years, the concern of society about how food influences the health status of people has increased. Consumers are increasingly aware that food can prevent the development of certain diseases, so in recent years, the food industry is developing new, healthier products taking into account aspects such as trans fats, lower caloric intake, less salt, etc. However, there are bioactive compounds that can improve the beneficial effect of these foods and go beyond the nutritional value. This book provides information on impact of bioactive ingredients (vitamins, antioxidants, compounds of the pulses, etc.) on nutrition through food, how functional foods can prevent disease, and tools to evaluate the effects of bioactive ingredients, functional foods, and diet.

Journal of the National Cancer Institute

Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004-12
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: NYPL:33433068385099
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of the National Cancer Institute Book Review:

Krause and Mahan s Food and the Nutrition Care Process E Book

Krause and Mahan   s Food and the Nutrition Care Process E Book
Author: Janice L Raymond,Kelly Morrow
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 1216
Release: 2020-05-03
ISBN 10: 032363656X
ISBN 13: 9780323636568
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Krause and Mahan s Food and the Nutrition Care Process E Book Book Review:

A trusted classic for over 50 years, Krause and Mahan’s Food & the Nutrition Care Process, 15th Edition presents the most up-to-date dietetics content available in this ever-changing field to ensure you provide optimal nutritional care. It offers cutting-edge, comprehensive coverage of a full range of dietetics topics, all in one book. You’ll benefit from in-depth information from clinical specialists that provides practical and evidence-based recommendations related to nutrition assessment and intervention, nutritional needs of individuals in different stages of the life cycle, nutrition for health and fitness, and medical nutrition therapy. UNIQUE! Pathophysiology algorithms present the cause, pathophysiology, and medical nutrition management for a variety of disorders and conditions to help you provide optimal nutritional care. UPDATED! Inflammation and the Pathophysiology of Chronic Disease chapter offers vital information to help you understand how diet and nutrition affect the body and contribute to disease processes. UPDATED! Part III: Nutrition in the Life Cycle section of chapters explains the newest nutrition guidelines from pregnancy through adult years to increase your understanding of the nutritional needs of patients at every age. Clinical case studies help you translate academic knowledge into practical patient care using the nutrition care process. Nutrition Diagnosis boxes present a problem, its etiology, and its signs and symptoms before concluding with a sample nutrition diagnosis, providing you with real-life scenarios you may encounter in practice. Clinical Insight boxes expand on clinical information, highlight new areas of focus, and contain clinical resources for your studies.

Oncology in Primary Care

Oncology in Primary Care
Author: Michal Rose
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2013-04-01
ISBN 10: 146983054X
ISBN 13: 9781469830544
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oncology in Primary Care Book Review:

Oncology in Primary Care is for primary care clinicians who need practical and concise information on caring for their patients with cancer. Written in an easy-to-browse format, chapters cover risk factors, prevention, screening, prognosis, and surveillance strategies—valuable information that helps primary care clinicians advise their patients regarding therapeutic and end-of-life decisions and become true partners in the care of their patients with cancer. Each chapter also includes an abundance of figures and tables to help clinicians find quick answers to questions commonly encountered in the primary care setting. Plus, a companion website is available allowing easy accessibility to the content.

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Arthritis and Related Inflammatory Diseases

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Arthritis and Related Inflammatory Diseases
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 654
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 012397156X
ISBN 13: 9780123971562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Arthritis and Related Inflammatory Diseases Book Review:

Antioxidant flavonoids for arthritis treatment : Human and animal models / S.G. Somasundaram, B. Oommen -- Inflammation in arthritis / N.J. Correa-Matos, S.B. Vaghefi -- Effects of beef on inflammation affecting arthritis / A.E. Galena -- Contribution of bioactive foods and their emerging role in immunomodulation, inflammation, and arthritis / N. Khan ... [et al.] -- Curcumin and joint health : From traditional knowledge to clinical validation / S. Togni, G. Appendino -- Dried plum and bone health / B.J. Smith, E. Rendina, E.A. Lucas -- The alkaline way : Integrative management of rheumatoid arthritisand other autoimmune conditions / R. Jaffe -- Marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and rheumatoid arthritis / P.C. Calder -- Diet modulated inflammation in chronic disease : An overview / G. Egger -- Food supplements and immune function in humans / J. Romeo ... [et al.] -- Natural antioxidants and resistance to infection / M.A. Puertollano ... [et al.] -- The effects of flavonoids on ...

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 658
Release: 2012-10-22
ISBN 10: 0123977622
ISBN 13: 9780123977625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes Book Review:

The role of diet in the prevention, control and treatment of diabetes continues to provide significant opportunity for non-pharmaceutical interventions for many of the over 20 million people who live with this disease. Looking beyond traditional dietary controls may lead to more effective, cost efficient, and flexible options for many patients. Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Diabetes is the only available scientific resource focused on exploring the latest advances in bioactive food research, and the potential benefit of bioactive food choice on the diabetic condition. Written by experts from around the world, it presents important information that can help improve the health of those at risk for diabetes and diabetes related conditions using food selection as its foundation. Focuses on the role of bioactive foods in addressing pre-diabetes symptoms, their potential to complement other treatments for those suffering from diabetes and diabetic-related obesity and other health issues Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and ways the associated information could be used to understand other diseases that share common etiological pathways Includes insights from experts from around the world, providing global perspectives and options based on various regional foods

Anthocyanins and Human Health Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects

Anthocyanins and Human Health  Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects
Author: Muhammad Zia Ul Haq,Muhammad Riaz,Saad Bashar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2016-04-11
ISBN 10: 3319264567
ISBN 13: 9783319264561
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anthocyanins and Human Health Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects Book Review:

This Brief presents comprehensive coverage of anthocyanins. The text covers the scientific literature and clinical significance of this Flavonoid sub-group, with a special focus on their therapeutic aspects. In focusing on secondary metabolites in plants, this work aims to cover the resulting therapeutic potential for humans by referencing the numerous herbal-derived substances which have been evaluated and the rapidly growing data on the interactions of anthocyanins with the microbiome. Anthocyanins and Human Health: Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects covers all angles of biomolecular, in vitro and in vivo anthocyanins from their general chemical structure to their use as a coloring agent. The intake, metabolism and secretion of anthocyanins in the human body are covered in-depth, as are the biosynthetic pathways through which these compounds are synthesized in the natural system. Factors affecting stability and extraction are listed, and health related uses and biological activities are covered in great detail. Present and future trends in anthocyanins research are also presented.

Aesthetic Medicine

Aesthetic Medicine
Author: Peter M. Prendergast,Melvin A. Shiffman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 629
Release: 2011-09-23
ISBN 10: 9783642201134
ISBN 13: 364220113X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aesthetic Medicine Book Review:

The Aesthetic Medicine: Art and Techniques provides step-by-step instructions in the procedures and techniques commonly employed in aesthetic medicine. The book is divided into four parts, the first two of which offer an introduction to aesthetic medicine and discuss preoperative assessment and treatment. Detailed guidance is then given on a wide range of cutaneous procedures, including the use of botulinum toxins, dermabrasion and microdermabrasion, cryotherapy, chemical peel skin resurfacing, laser treatments, mesotherapy, sclerotherapy, capacitive radiofrequency treatment, and the use of dermarollers. The final part of the book is devoted to techniques employed in shaping the face and body, such as breast and facial augmentation, penile enhancement, liposuction, and management of hair loss or excess hair. All procedures are depicted with the aid of numerous high-quality illustrations and color photographs. This book will serve as an excellent guide for both beginners and experienced practitioners.

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2012-10-22
ISBN 10: 0123977614
ISBN 13: 9780123977618
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population Book Review:

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population presents scientific evidence of the impact bioactive foods can have in the prevention and mediation of age related diseases. Written by experts from around the world, this volume provides important information that will not only assist in treatment therapies, but inspire research and new work related to this area. Focuses on the role of bioactive foods in addressing chronic conditions associated with aging and senescence Important information for developing research on this rapidly growing population representing an increasingly significant financial burden Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and ways the associated information could be used to understand other diseases, which share common etiological pathways.

Bioactive Food Components Activity in Mechanistic Approach

Bioactive Food Components Activity in Mechanistic Approach
Author: Cinthia Bau Betim Cazarin,Juliano Lemos Bicas,Glaucia Maria Pastore,Mario Roberto Marostica Junior
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-11-23
ISBN 10: 0128225904
ISBN 13: 9780128225905
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food Components Activity in Mechanistic Approach Book Review:

Bioactive Food Components Activity in Mechanistic Approach presents the role of functional foods and bioactive compounds in inflammation. This book focuses on bioactive compounds, including phenolics, prebiotics, carotenoids, tocopherols, bioactive peptides, probiotics, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, and describes their actions in several diseases, mainly obesity and co-morbidities, inflammatory bowel disease, cognitive decline and cancer, and aging. Intended for food, nutrition, and nutraceutical researchers, as well as those studying related fields, the book offers a mechanistic approach that is currently lacking in the market. Explores the mechanistic approach of functional foods in health and disease Contains definitions, case studies, applications, literature reviews, recent developments and text boxes Provides coverage of phenolic compounds, prebiotics and probiotics, carotenoids, tocopherols, bioactive peptides, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, and sulfur compounds

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention
Author: Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 746
Release: 2020-12-02
ISBN 10: 012819989X
ISBN 13: 9780128199893
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention Book Review:

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention, Second Edition expands the last releases content and coverage, including new sections on materials in packaging, the Mediterranean diet, metabolic syndrome, diabetic health, generational effects, epigenetics, glycemic control, ketogenic diet, antioxidant effects, the use of olive oil in protection against skin cancer, oleuropein and ERK1/2 MAP-Kinase, oleocanthal and estrogen receptors, and oleocanthal and neurological effects. The book is a valuable resource for food and health researchers, nutritionists, dieticians, pharmacologists, public health scientists, epidemiologists, food technologists, agronomists, analytical chemists, biochemists, biologists, physicians, biotechnologists and students. Continues the tradition of exploring olives and olive oil from general aspects down to a detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients Explains how olive oil compares to other oils Details the many implications for human health and disease, including metabolic health, cardiovascular health and effects on tissue and body systems

Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease

Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease
Author: Nathan S. Bryan,Joseph Loscalzo
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2017-01-31
ISBN 10: 3319461893
ISBN 13: 9783319461892
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease Book Review:

This fully revised and updated new edition provides a comprehensive look at nitrite and nitrate and their effect on human health and disease. The first section describes the biochemical analysis of nitrite and nitrate and its role in human physiology. The book then shifts to sources of human exposure of nitrite and nitrate, including environmental and dietary. Finally, the last section discusses nitric oxide-based therapeutics and how nitrite and nitrate biochemistry can be safely harnessed to improve human health. Each chapter provides a balanced, evidence-based view and heavily cites the most recent published literature. They follow a strict chapter format which includes keywords, key points, a conclusion highlighting major findings, and extensive references. The second edition contains new chapters on nitrite and nitrate in age medicine, nitrite and nitrate as a treatment for hypertension, and nitrite and nitrate in exercise performance. Additionally, the editors have expanded the biochemistry section to include chapters on nitrate reducing oral bacteria, nitrite mediated S-Nitrosation, epigenetics and the regulation of nitric oxide, and nitrite control of mitochondrial function. Nitrate and Nitrite in Human Health and Disease, 2e, will be of interest to health professionals, nutritionists, dieticians, biomedical scientists, and food scientists.