Europe S Deadlock
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With new material on the astonishing 2014-15 monetary rollercoaster, an incisive chronicler of the euro's upheavals explains how Europe's single currency has lurched in and out of crisis--with widespread repercussions for Britain and the rest of the world. "Marsh is an expert chronicler of European monetary union, and his analysis deserves serious consideration."--George Soros "Europe's Deadlock makes a hard-hitting case against 'muddled thinking, lack of imagination and straightforward incompetence on the part of the politicians and technocrats charged with policing the single currency.'"--Ferdinando Giugliano, Financial Times "[A] pitiless analysis of a crisis that cannot be permitted to become a disaster."--Iain Finlayson, The Times
Europeans can be proud as they look back on fifty years of peaceful integration. Nowadays many people worldwide see the European Union as a model of how states and their citizens can work together in peace and freedom. However, this achievement does not automatically mean that the EU has the ability to deal with the problems of the future in a rapidly changing world. The European Union must continue developing its unity in diversity dynamically, be it with regard to energy issues, the euro, climate change or new types of conflict. Indeed, self-assertion and solidarity are key to the debates shaping our future. "Europe in Dialogue" wishes to make a contribution to these open debates. The analyses in this series subject political concepts, processes and institutions to critical scrutiny and suggest ways of reforming internal and external European policymaking so that it is fit for the future. However, "Europe in Dialogue" is not merely trying to encourage an intra-European debate and makes a point of including authors from non-EU states. Looking at an issue from different angle or from afar creates a shift in perspective which, in turn, renders Europe's development more meaningful as it engages in critical dialogue with other societies.
The innovative progress in the development of parallel computing systems and their increasing availability have caused a rise in interest in the scientific principles that underlie parallel computation and parallel programming. The biannual Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe (PARLE) conferences aim to present current research on all aspects of the theory, design and application of parallel computing systems and parallel processing.
VDM '91. Formal Software Development Methods. 4th International Symposium of VDM Europe, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, October 21-25, 1991. Proceedings
The proceedings of the fourth Vienna Development MethodSymposium, VDM'91, are published here in two volumes.Previous VDM symposia were held in 1987 (LNCS 252), 1988(LNCS 328), and 1990 (LNCS 428).The VDM symposia have been organized by VDM Europe, formedin 1985 as an advisory board sponsored by the Commission ofthe European Communities. The VDM Europe working groupconsisted of researchers, software engineers, andprogrammers, allinterested in promoting the industrialusage of formal methods for software development. The fourthVDM symposium presented not only VDM but also a large numberof other methods for formal software development.Volume 1 contains conference contributions. It has fourparts: contributions of invited speakers, papers, projectreports, and tools demonstration abstracts. The emphasis ison methods and calculi for development, verification andverification tools support, experiences from doingdevelopments, and the associated theoretical problems.Volume 2 contains four introductory tutorials (on LARCH,Refinement Calculus, VDM, and RAISE) and four advancedtutorials (on ABEL, PROSPECTRA, The B Method, and TheStack). They present a comprehensive account of the state oftheart.
The 1992 Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe conference continues the tradition - of a wide and representative international meeting of specialists from academia and industry in theory, design, and application of parallel computer systems - set by the previous PARLE conferences held in Eindhoven in 1987, 1989, and 1991. This volume contains the 52 regular and 25 poster papers that were selected from 187 submitted papers for presentation and publication. In addition, five invited lectures areincluded. The regular papers are organized into sections on: implementation of parallel programs, graph theory, architecture, optimal algorithms, graph theory and performance, parallel software components, data base optimization and modeling, data parallelism, formal methods, systolic approach, functional programming, fine grain parallelism, Prolog, data flow systems, network efficiency, parallel algorithms, cache systems, implementation of parallel languages, parallel scheduling in data base systems, semantic models, parallel data base machines, and language semantics.
A diverse collection of readings from scholarly journals, government reports, think tank studies, newspapers, and books that offers a comprehensive look at the drug debate. With each section featuring opposing articles written by many of the foremost authorities in their respective fields, the book offers a concise view of the many divergent viewpoints surrounding drug policy in America.
Between 1950 and 1953, nearly 30,000 Canadian volunteers joined the effort to contain communist incursions into South Korea and support the fledgling United Nations. All the services were there and all served with distinction. The Royal Canadian Navy led a daring rescue of troops from the port of Chinnampo in 1950; members of the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry won the highest US battle honour at Kap’yong in April 1951; the Vandoos turned the tide at Hill 355; and twice – at Hill 355 in October 1952 and Hill 187 in May 1953 – members of the Royal Canadian Regiment held firm against forces that greatly outnumbered them. The navy and the infantry were bolstered by the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery and Lord Strathcona’s Horse tanks, as well as members of the service, medical, engineers, provost, chaplain and intelligence corps. Still more, from the RCAF Thunderbird Squadron, took part in the Korean Airlift – three years of non-stop supply flights across the Pacific.
Bolshevism at a Deadlock was written Karl Kautsky, one of the leading Marxist intellectuals of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, in response to the catastrophic failures of Stalin’s first Five Year Plan, which was intended to raise Russian industry and productivity to equal that of Western Europe. Kautsky sets out to demonstrate how the repressive autocracy of the Bolsheviks and the disregard for economic exigencies achieved nothing more than "the wholesale pauperisation and degradation of the Russian people", and prophesies the imminent collapse of Soviet Russia in the face of mass famine, ideological dogmatism and, ultimately, the failures inherent in the 1917 Revolution itself. Kautsky’s analysis of the situation of Socialist Russia at the beginning of the troubled 1930s will be of interest to students of pre-war Soviet political practice, economic history and domestic policy.
The Handbook of Public Administration and Policy in the European Union focuses on the current state of the EU while also demonstrating how its current structure came into being and how it may change in the near future. Although most existing literature is either policy-oriented or institution-oriented, this textbook employs a different, more comprehensive approach. Not only does it analyze selected EU laws and most EU institutions, it is also unique in that it brings together EU public administration, EU institutions, and, most importantly, EU policies into a comprehensive text. Divided into five parts, the book provides an overview of theory discourses on European integration, followed by an analysis of the development of European organizations. Part II explains the nature of the EU, highlighting its institutions. Part III addresses various dimensions of public administration, followed by a review in Part IV of major EU policies, including the Common Agricultural Policy. The textbook concludes with a history of Economic and Monetary Union and a study of the European Central Bank and the euro.
The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages has been in force since 1998, but in France it has caused a heated debate and it has not been ratified. The questions raised include: should French regional languages be afforded protection? Is there a danger that their protection could lead to an assertion of regional identity that could threaten the cohesiveness of the state? Is there a threat to the official language? Can applying the principles of the charter, without going through the ratification process, effectively protect regional or minority languages? This colloquy sought to provide answers to these questions.
This unique book provides both Asian and European perspectives on a diversity of topics concerning the relationship between Asia and Europe. There are in-depth analyses of the most crucial issues including historical and cultural links, political aspects and linkages, and economic partnerships.
The Performance of the EU in International Institutions marks one of the first attempts to systematically analyse the subject. It focuses on the role of the EU in decision-making within international organizations and regimes as a major locus of global governance. The book unpacks the concept of EU performance into four core elements: effectiveness (goal achievement); efficiency (ratio between outputs accomplished and costs incurred); relevance (of the EU for its priority stakeholders); and financial/resource viability (the ability of the performing organization to raise the funds required). Based on the case studies herein, the findings presented in this book relate to the identified core elements of performance with a particular emphasis on the dimensions of 'effectiveness' and 'relevance'. Most notably, the EU appears, on balance and over the past two decades, to have become much more relevant for its member states when acting within international institutions. The book highlights four particular factors explaining EU performance in international institutions: the status of relevant EU legislation and policies, the legal framework conditions including the relevant changes that the Lisbon Treaty has brought about, domestic EU politics, and the international context. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration