Essential Chemistry for Formulators of Semisolid and Liquid Dosages

Essential Chemistry for Formulators of Semisolid and Liquid Dosages
Author: Vitthal S. Kulkarni,Charles Shaw
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2015-10-15
ISBN 10: 012801072X
ISBN 13: 9780128010723
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essential Chemistry for Formulators of Semisolid and Liquid Dosages Book Review:

A needed resource for pharmaceutical scientists and cosmetic chemists, Essential Chemistry for Formulators of Semisolid and Liquid Dosages provides insight into the basic chemistry of mixing different phases and test methods for the stability study of nonsolid formulations. The book covers foundational surface/colloid chemistry, which forms the necessary background for making emulsions, suspensions, solutions, and nano drug delivery systems, and the chemistry of mixing, which is critical for further formulation of drug delivery systems into semisolid (gels, creams, lotions, and ointments) or liquid final dosages. Expanding on these foundational principles, this useful guide explores stability testing methods, such as particle size, rheological/viscosity, microscopy, and chemical, and closes with a valuable discussion of regulatory issues. Essential Chemistry for Formulators of Semisolid and Liquid Dosages offers scientists and students the foundation and practical guidance to make and analyze semisolid and liquid formulations. Unique coverage of the underlying chemistry that makes possible stable dosages Quality content written by experienced experts from the drug development industry Valuable information for academic and industrial scientists developing topical and liquid dosage formulations for pharmaceutical as well as skin care and cosmetic products

Comprehensive Foodomics

Comprehensive Foodomics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 2330
Release: 2020-11-12
ISBN 10: 0128163968
ISBN 13: 9780128163962
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Foodomics Book Review:

Comprehensive Foodomics offers a definitive collection of over 150 articles that provide researchers with innovative answers to crucial questions relating to food quality, safety and its vital and complex links to our health. Topics covered include transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, genomics, green foodomics, epigenetics and noncoding RNA, food safety, food bioactivity and health, food quality and traceability, data treatment and systems biology. Logically structured into 10 focused sections, each article is authored by world leading scientists who cover the whole breadth of Omics and related technologies, including the latest advances and applications. By bringing all this information together in an easily navigable reference, food scientists and nutritionists in both academia and industry will find it the perfect, modern day compendium for frequent reference. List of sections and Section Editors: Genomics - Olivia McAuliffe, Dept of Food Biosciences, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland Epigenetics & Noncoding RNA - Juan Cui, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE Transcriptomics - Robert Henry, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia Proteomics - Jens Brockmeyer, Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, University Stuttgart, Germany Metabolomics - Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry, Neuherberg, Germany Omics data treatment, System Biology and Foodomics - Carlos Leon Canseco, Visiting Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Green Foodomics - Elena Ibanez, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Food safety and Foodomics - Djuro Josić, Professor Medicine (Research) Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA & Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, University of Rijeka, Department of Biotechnology, Rijeka, Croatia Food Quality, Traceability and Foodomics - Daniel Cozzolino, Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia Food Bioactivity, Health and Foodomics - Miguel Herrero, Department of Bioactivity and Food Analysis, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Brings all relevant foodomics information together in one place, offering readers a ‘one-stop,’ comprehensive resource for access to a wealth of information Includes articles written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions Provides an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals who need to find relevant information quickly and easily Includes content from high quality authors from across the globe

The Role of Microstructure in Topical Drug Product Development

The Role of Microstructure in Topical Drug Product Development
Author: Nigel Langley,Bozena Michniak-Kohn,David W. Osborne
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2019-08-07
ISBN 10: 3030173550
ISBN 13: 9783030173555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of Microstructure in Topical Drug Product Development Book Review:

Following the Semi-solid Microstructure Workshop sponsored by BASF and hosted by the Rutgers Center for Dermal Research, a pharmaceutical product development working group was formed. The group, known as the Q3 Working Group, selected the following five areas of focus: Particle/Globule Size and Distribution, Viscosity/Rheology/Spreadability, In Vitro Testing, State of API, State of Excipients. A committee was appointed for each of these five areas. The committees were tasked to review the literature, identify best practices, list experimental details required for an independent lab to duplicate the test, and propose scientific studies that may meaningfully advance this specific area of focus. Each committee has a chair (or co-chairs) that are the lead author(s) of the chapter. The Q3 Working Group members serve as the critical reviewers of each chapter, making suggestions that improve the quality of the document and that make each of the five chapters uniform in scope and content.Pharmaceutical development scientists that formulate topical products (creams, lotions, gels suspensions, foams, etc) and all the allied raw material suppliers, packaging suppliers, contract laboratories including CROs, CMOs and regulators need access to this book. Overall, the topic of semisolid microstructure is of equal importance to the generic pharmaceutical companies (filing Abbreviated New Drug Applications or ANDAs) and pharmaceutical companies filing New Drug Applications (NDAs). In addition to products applied to the skin, hair, and nails, The Role of Microstructure in Topical Drug Product Development’ crosses over and is essential reading to developers of oral suspensions, ophthalmic ointments and gels, otic suspension, vaginal semisolids and retention enemas.

Nanoscale Networking and Communications Handbook

Nanoscale Networking and Communications Handbook
Author: John R. Vacca
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2019-07-15
ISBN 10: 0429531079
ISBN 13: 9780429531071
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoscale Networking and Communications Handbook Book Review:

This comprehensive handbook serves as a professional reference as well as a practitioner's guide to today's most complete and concise view of nanoscale networking and communications. It offers in-depth coverage of theory, technology, and practice as they relate to established technologies and recent advancements. It explores practical solutions to a wide range of nanoscale networking and communications issues. Individual chapters, authored by leading experts in the field, address the immediate and long-term challenges in the authors' respective areas of expertise.

Developing Solid Oral Dosage Forms

Developing Solid Oral Dosage Forms
Author: Yihong Qiu,Yisheng Chen,Geoff G.Z. Zhang,Lawrence Yu,Rao V. Mantri
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1176
Release: 2016-11-08
ISBN 10: 0128026375
ISBN 13: 9780128026373
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developing Solid Oral Dosage Forms Book Review:

Developing Solid Oral Dosage Forms: Pharmaceutical Theory and Practice, Second Edition illustrates how to develop high-quality, safe, and effective pharmaceutical products by discussing the latest techniques, tools, and scientific advances in preformulation investigation, formulation, process design, characterization, scale-up, and production operations. This book covers the essential principles of physical pharmacy, biopharmaceutics, and industrial pharmacy, and their application to the research and development process of oral dosage forms. Chapters have been added, combined, deleted, and completely revised as necessary to produce a comprehensive, well-organized, valuable reference for industry professionals and academics engaged in all aspects of the development process. New and important topics include spray drying, amorphous solid dispersion using hot-melt extrusion, modeling and simulation, bioequivalence of complex modified-released dosage forms, biowaivers, and much more. Written and edited by an international team of leading experts with experience and knowledge across industry, academia, and regulatory settings Includes new chapters covering the pharmaceutical applications of surface phenomenon, predictive biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics, the development of formulations for drug discovery support, and much more Presents new case studies throughout, and a section completely devoted to regulatory aspects, including global product regulation and international perspectives

Cosmetic Formulation

Cosmetic Formulation
Author: Heather A.E. Benson,Michael S. Roberts,Vania Rodrigues Leite-Silva,Kenneth Walters
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 479
Release: 2019-04-05
ISBN 10: 1482235404
ISBN 13: 9781482235401
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmetic Formulation Book Review:

Cosmetics are the most widely applied products to the skin and include creams, lotions, gels and sprays. Their formulation, design and manufacturing ranges from large cosmetic houses to small private companies. This book covers the current science in the formulations of cosmetics applied to the skin. It includes basic formulation, skin science, advanced formulation, and cosmetic product development, including both descriptive and mechanistic content with an emphasis on practical aspects. Key Features: Covers cosmetic products/formulation from theory to practice Includes case studies to illustrate real-life formulation development and problem solving Offers a practical, user-friendly approach, relying on the work of recognized experts in the field Provides insights into the future directions in cosmetic product development Presents basic formulation, skin science, advanced formulation and cosmetic product development

Micro and Nanoengineered Gum Based Biomaterials for Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications

Micro  and Nanoengineered Gum Based Biomaterials for Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications
Author: Sougata Jana,Subrata Jana
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2022-02-01
ISBN 10: 0323909876
ISBN 13: 9780323909877
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nanoengineered Gum Based Biomaterials for Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications Book Review:

Micro- and Nanoengineered Gum-Based Biomaterials for Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications focuses on micro- and nanotechnology in gums and biopolymers as drug and biomolecule carriers and their applications in biomedicine. Currently, natural gums and polymers are widely utilized as biocarrier systems, to deliver drugs and biomolecules to the target site, for prolonged release and the desired therapeutic effect. Natural gums and polymers are important because they are easily available from natural sources and are characteristically biodegradable, biocompatible, and nontoxic. Natural gums and polymers are also chemically modified with other polymers, in the presence of cross-linking agents, to develop scaffolds, matrices, composites, and interpenetrating polymer networks using micro- and nanotechnology. The book also discusses biological applications, such as gene delivery, cancer therapy, tissue engineering, bioimaging, and theranostics. This book is an important reference source for biomaterials scientists, biomedical engineers, and pharmaceutical scientists, who are looking to increase their understanding of how micro- and nanoengineered biomaterials are being used to create more efficient gum-based drug delivery systems. Explains how micro- and nanoengineering is being used to make a variety of gum types more effective as nanocarriers. Explores the major biomedical applications of various gum classes. Assesses the major challenges of using micro- and nanotechnologies in gum-based biomedical systems.

Advanced 3D Printed Systems and Nanosystems for Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering

Advanced 3D Printed Systems and Nanosystems for Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering
Author: Lisa Du Toit,Pradeep Kumar,Yahya Choonara,Viness Pillay
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2020-03-08
ISBN 10: 0128184728
ISBN 13: 9780128184721
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced 3D Printed Systems and Nanosystems for Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering Book Review:

Advanced 3D-Printed Systems and Nanosystems for Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering explores the intricacies of nanostructures and 3D printed systems in terms of their design as drug delivery or tissue engineering devices, their further evaluations and diverse applications. The book highlights the most recent advances in both nanosystems and 3D-printed systems for both drug delivery and tissue engineering applications. It discusses the convergence of biofabrication with nanotechnology, constructing a directional customizable biomaterial arrangement for promoting tissue regeneration, combined with the potential for controlled bioactive delivery. These discussions provide a new viewpoint for both biomaterials scientists and pharmaceutical scientists. Shows how nanotechnology and 3D printing are being used to create systems which are intelligent, biomimetic and customizable to the patient Explores the current generation of nanostructured 3D printed medical devices Assesses the major challenges of using 3D printed nanosystems for the manufacture of new pharmaceuticals

Functional Food Products and Sustainable Health

Functional Food Products and Sustainable Health
Author: Saghir Ahmad,Nasser Abdulatif Al-Shabib
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2020-08-29
ISBN 10: 9811547165
ISBN 13: 9789811547164
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Food Products and Sustainable Health Book Review:

There is a growing global awareness of the link between good diet and health. This fascinating book reviews various functional foods or nutraceuticals and the bio-active compounds they contain in order to identify the role of bioactive compounds such as nisin, micronutrients, and hydrocolloids in the diet in overall human health. It also provides up-to-date information on functional elements like antioxidants, dietary fibres, pre & probiotics, vitamins and mineral-enriched foods in the human diet. Consisting of fifteen chapters, the book offers a systematic review of the key factors in the preparation of functional foods from selected sources, and also describes the processing, preservation and packaging of a range of functional food products. This book is a valuable resource for students and researchers working in the field of food science, food technology, and nutrition, as well as for industry experts.

Nanoarchitectonics in Biomedicine

Nanoarchitectonics in Biomedicine
Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2019-03-20
ISBN 10: 0128172614
ISBN 13: 9780128172612
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoarchitectonics in Biomedicine Book Review:

Nanoarchitectonics in Biomedicine describes this new area of nanoscience that has emerged as a major branch of nanoscience. The book brings together recent applications and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each process, offering international perspectives on the technologies based on these findings. It offers new insights for nanoarchitectonics, starting with the currently used methods of synthesis and characterization of such materials, along with their biomedical applications. Authored by a wide range of international scientists, this volume shows how nanoarchitectonics is being used to create more efficient medical treatment solutions. Users will find this to be an important research resource for those wanting to learn more on the emerging topic of nanoarchitectonics in biomedical science. Explores how design aspects, smart materials and personalized materials are used in biomedicine today Offers global perspectives on how nanoarchitectonics is used in different regions Presents an important research resource for those wanting to learn more on the emerging topic of nanoarchitectonics in biomedical science

Marine Biomaterials

Marine Biomaterials
Author: Sougata Jana
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9811647879
ISBN 13: 9789811647871
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Biomaterials Book Review:

This book is focused on marine based biomedical carriers for delivery of therapeutics. Marine biomaterials and bio-based carriers show wide applications in pharmaceutical as well as biomedical fields for delivery of small and large molecules. Biomaterial-based composites, scaffolds or matrix systems are promising systems for controlled and prolonged release of drug in target site and control the premature release of drugs or bioactive compounds. This book discusses the targeted delivery of drugs and therapeutic applications. It also describes the use of marine biopolymers in cancer therapy. Different chapters describe the tissue engineering techniques to develop these carriers. The marine biomaterial-based systems are widely used for tissue engineering, and biomedical imaging. This book is meant for industry experts, students and researchers in the area of pharmaceutical sciences, biomedical engineering and material science and pharmacology.

Essentials of Industrial Pharmacy

Essentials of Industrial Pharmacy
Author: Saeed Ahmad Khan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3030849775
ISBN 13: 9783030849771
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Industrial Pharmacy Book Review:

Characterization of Nanoencapsulated Food Ingredients

Characterization of Nanoencapsulated Food Ingredients
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2020-03-07
ISBN 10: 0128156686
ISBN 13: 9780128156681
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization of Nanoencapsulated Food Ingredients Book Review:

Characterization of Nanoencapsulated Food Ingredients, Volume Four in the Nanoencapsulation in the Food Industry series, introduces some of the common instrumental analysis and characterization methods for the evaluation of nanocarriers and nanoencapsulated ingredients in terms of their morphology, size distribution, surface charge and composition, appearance, physicochemical and rheological properties, and antioxidant activity. Divided in five sections, the book covers the qualitative and quantitative properties of nanoencapsulated food ingredients by different characterization techniques, besides correlating nanocarrier behavior to their physicochemical and functional properties. Authored by a team of global experts in the fields of nano- and microencapsulation of food, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical ingredients, this title is of great value to those engaged in the various fields of nanoencapsulation and nanodelivery systems. Shows how different properties of nanoencapsulated food ingredients can be analyzed Presents the mechanism of each characterization technique Investigates how the analytical results can be understood with nanoencapsulated ingredients

Delivering Therapeutics to the Inner Ear

Delivering Therapeutics to the Inner Ear
Author: Peter S. Steyger,Larry Hoffman,Benjamin Shapiro,Sylvain Celanire,Stefan K. Plontke
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-08-17
ISBN 10: 2889711137
ISBN 13: 9782889711130
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Delivering Therapeutics to the Inner Ear Book Review:

Topic Editor Benjamin Shapiro is President and co-founder of Otomagnetics. Topic Editor Sylvain Celanire is a co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer of PRAGMA Therapeutics. All other Topic Editors declare no competing commercial interests with regards to the Research Topic subject.

Drug Delivery Systems

Drug Delivery Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 792
Release: 2019-10-23
ISBN 10: 0128145080
ISBN 13: 9780128145081
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drug Delivery Systems Book Review:

Drug Delivery Systems examines the current state of the field within pharmaceutical science and concisely explains the history of drug delivery systems, including key developments. The book translates the physicochemical properties of drugs into drug delivery systems administered via various routes, such as oral, parenteral, transdermal and inhalational. Regulatory and product development topics are also explored. Written by experts in the field, this volume in the Advances in Pharmaceutical Product Development and Research series deepens our understanding of drug delivery systems within the pharmaceutical sciences industry and research, as well as in chemical engineering. Each chapter delves into a particular aspect of this fundamental field to cover the principles, methodologies and technologies employed by pharmaceutical scientists. This book provides a comprehensive examination that is suitable for researchers and advanced students working in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, biotechnologies, and related industries. Provides up-to-date information on how to translate the physicochemical properties of drugs into drug delivery systems Explores how drugs are administered via various routes, such as oral, parenteral, transdermal and inhalational Contains extensive references and further reading for course and self-study

Basic Fundamentals of Drug Delivery

Basic Fundamentals of Drug Delivery
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 810
Release: 2018-11-30
ISBN 10: 0128179104
ISBN 13: 9780128179109
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Fundamentals of Drug Delivery Book Review:

Basic Fundamentals of Drug Delivery covers the fundamental principles, advanced methodologies and technologies employed by pharmaceutical scientists, researchers and pharmaceutical industries to transform a drug candidate or new chemical entity into a final administrable drug delivery system. The book also covers various approaches involved in optimizing the therapeutic performance of a biomolecule while designing its appropriate advanced formulation. Provides up-to-date information on translating the physicochemical properties of drugs into drug delivery systems Explores how drugs are administered via various routes, such as orally, parenterally, transdermally or through inhalation Contains extensive references and further reading for course and self-study

Medicinal Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry
Author: Gareth Thomas
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 646
Release: 2011-09-20
ISBN 10: 111996542X
ISBN 13: 9781119965428
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medicinal Chemistry Book Review:

Medicinal Chemistry: An Introduction, Second Edition provides a comprehensive, balanced introduction to this evolving and multidisciplinary area of research. Building on the success of the First Edition, this edition has been completely revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field. Written in an accessible style, Medicinal Chemistry: An Introduction, Second Edition carefully explains fundamental principles, assuming little in the way of prior knowledge. The book focuses on the chemical principles used for drug discovery and design covering physiology and biology where relevant. It opens with a broad overview of the subject with subsequent chapters examining topics in greater depth. From the reviews of the First Edition: "It contains a wealth of information in a compact form" ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE, INTERNATIONAL EDITION "Medicinal Chemistry is certainly a text I would chose to teach from for undergraduates. It fills a unique niche in the market place." PHYSICAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATIONAL REVIEWS

Aulton s Pharmaceutics

Aulton s Pharmaceutics
Author: Michael E. Aulton,Kevin Taylor
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 894
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0702042900
ISBN 13: 9780702042904
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aulton s Pharmaceutics Book Review:

Pharmaceutics is one of the most diverse subject areas in all of pharmaceutical science. In brief, it is concerned with the scientific and technological aspects of the design and manufacture of dosage forms or medicines. An understanding of pharmaceutics is therefore vital for all pharmacists and those pharmaceutical scientists who are involved with converting a drug or a potential drug into a medicine that can be delivered safely, effectively and conveniently to the patient. Now in its fourth edition, this best-selling textbook in pharmaceutics has been brought completely up to date to reflect the rapid advances in delivery methodologies by eye and injection, advances in drug formulations and delivery methods for special groups (such as children and the elderly), nanomedicine, and pharmacognosy. At the same time the editors have striven to maintain the accessibility of the text for students of pharmacy, preserving the balance between being a suitably pitched introductory text and a clear reflection of the state of the art. provides a logical, comprehensive account of drug design and manufacture includes the science of formulation and drug delivery designed and written for newcomers to the design of dosage forms New to this edition New editor: Kevin Taylor, Professor of Clinical Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, University of London. Twenty-two new contributors. Six new chapters covering parenteral and ocular delivery; design and administration of medicines for the children and elderly; the latest in plant medicines; nanotechnology and nanomedicines, and the delivery of biopharmaceuticals. Thoroughly revised and updated throughout.

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Formulations

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Formulations
Author: Safaraz K. Niazi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN 10: 1420081314
ISBN 13: 9781420081312
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Formulations Book Review:

No other area of regulatory compliance receives more attention and scrutiny by regulatory authorities than the regulation of sterile products, for obvious reasons. With the increasing number of potent products, particularly the new line of small protein products, joining the long list of proven sterile products, the technology of manufacturing ster

Pharmaceutical and Clinical Calculations 2nd Edition

Pharmaceutical and Clinical Calculations  2nd Edition
Author: Mansoor A. Kahn,Indra K. Reddy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2000-04-06
ISBN 10: 142001479X
ISBN 13: 9781420014792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmaceutical and Clinical Calculations 2nd Edition Book Review:

Pharmaceutical and clinical calculations are critical to the delivery of safe, effective, and competent patient care and professional practice. Pharmaceutical and Clinical Calculations, Second Edition addresses this crucial component, while emphasizing contemporary pharmacy practices. Presenting the information in a well-organized and easy-to-understand manner, the authors explain the principles of clinical calculations involving dose and dosing regimens in patients with impaired organ functions, aminoglycoside therapy, pediatric and geriatric dosing, and radiopharmaceuticals with appropriate examples. Each chapter begins with an introduction to the topic, followed by a comprehensive discussion. Key concepts are highlighted throughout the book for easy retrieval. The examples presented in the text reflect the practice environment in community, hospital, and nuclear pharmacy settings, and the clinical problems presented reflect a direct application of underlying theoretical principles and discussions. Pharmaceutical and Clinical Calculations, Second Edition is an essential tool for any practitioner who needs to reinforce their knowledge of the subject and is a valuable study guide for the Pharmacy Board examination.