Ensuring National Biosecurity

Ensuring National Biosecurity
Author: Carole R Baskin,Alan Zelicoff
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2016-02-03
ISBN 10: 0128018607
ISBN 13: 9780128018606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ensuring National Biosecurity Book Review:

Ensuring National Biosecurity: Institutional Biosafety Committees reviews the various responsibilities and associated challenges Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) face and proposes changes that may help improve this system and increase national biosecurity and worker safety. In recent years IBCs in academic and other institutions have been tasked with increasing levels of responsibility, overseeing work with recombinant genetic material and hazardous agents. IBC members often lack the training to effectively ensure that the work performed is truly safe for scientists and the general community, and so increasingly rely upon the expertise of the researchers themselves. With the proposed US dual-use research policies soon to be implemented, this strain may increase. This book provides readers with the necessary information to be able to enhance national biosecurity within the US, EU, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and more. Ensuring National Biosecurity is as an invaluable reference for biosafety professionals or for researchers who need to understand the regulatory landscape that impacts their research. Examines and assesses the current state of Institutional Biosafety Committees (IBCs) Collates contributions from world-renowned experts in fields as diverse as research compliance, law and astrobiology Reflects an international perspective on regulatory biosecurity and biosafety

Biosecurity

Biosecurity
Author: Shane Ardern
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 26
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:976364579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biosecurity Book Review:

Development of an Analytical Tool to Assess National Biosecurity Legislation

Development of an Analytical Tool to Assess National Biosecurity Legislation
Author: Daniele Manzella,Jessica Vapnek
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9789251058718
ISBN 13: 9251058717
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development of an Analytical Tool to Assess National Biosecurity Legislation Book Review:

Biosecurity aims to facilitate the implementation of international obligations related to international trade and the protection of human, animal and plant life and health as well as the environment. It looks at the coordination of sectoral regulatory authorities in order to manage biological risks for food and agriculture in an efficient and holistic manner. Upgraded legislation is needed to align national laws to international standards and to enhance institutional coordination. Countries require comprehensive and consistent national legal frameworks for Biosecurity in order to implement effective controls, increase cost effectiveness and improve consistency across sectors. Reviewing and assessing what legislation is in place is the first step toward implementing a Biosecurity approach. It is not an easy exercise as the normative and functional components of Biosecurity are often found in a plethora of laws and regulations. Based on the six pilot country studies, this text develops an analytical methodology to review and assess national legal frameworks for Biosecurity.

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2012-10-10
ISBN 10: 0309259339
ISBN 13: 9780309259330
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach Book Review:

Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.

Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High Containment Biological Laboratories

Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High Containment Biological Laboratories
Author: National Research Council,National Academy of Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on International Security and Arms Control,Committee on Anticipating Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2012-04-02
ISBN 10: 0309225752
ISBN 13: 9780309225755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High Containment Biological Laboratories Book Review:

During July 10-13, 2011, 68 participants from 32 countries gathered in Istanbul, Turkey for a workshop organized by the United States National Research Council on Anticipating Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-containment Biological Laboratories. The United States Department of State's Biosecurity Engagement Program sponsored the workshop, which was held in partnership with the Turkish Academy of Sciences. The international workshop examined biosafety and biosecurity issues related to the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of high-containment biological laboratories- equivalent to United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention biological safety level 3 or 4 labs. Although these laboratories are needed to characterize highly dangerous human and animal pathogens, assist in disease surveillance, and produce vaccines, they are complex systems with inherent risks. Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-Containment Biological Laboratories summarizes the workshop discussion, which included the following topics: Technological options to meet diagnostic, research, and other goals; Laboratory construction and commissioning; Operational maintenance to provide sustainable capabilities, safety, and security; and Measures for encouraging a culture of responsible conduct. Workshop attendees described the history and current challenges they face in their individual laboratories. Speakers recounted steps they were taking to improve safety and security, from running training programs to implementing a variety of personnel reliability measures. Many also spoke about physical security, access controls, and monitoring pathogen inventories. Workshop participants also identified tensions in the field and suggested possible areas for action.

National Plant Pest Reference Collections Strategy

National Plant Pest Reference Collections Strategy
Author: Plant Health Australia
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 35
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9780994402295
ISBN 13: 0994402295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

National Plant Pest Reference Collections Strategy Book Review:

A strategy to ensure that biological collections can continue to support Australia's trade and biosecurity status

Dual Use Research of Concern in the Life Sciences

Dual Use Research of Concern in the Life Sciences
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Dual Use Research of Concern: Options for Future Management
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2017-10-01
ISBN 10: 0309458889
ISBN 13: 9780309458887
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dual Use Research of Concern in the Life Sciences Book Review:

The potential misuse of advances in life sciences research is raising concerns about national security threats. Dual Use Research of Concern in the Life Sciences: Current Issues and Controversies examines the U.S. strategy for reducing biosecurity risks in life sciences research and considers mechanisms that would allow researchers to manage the dissemination of the results of research while mitigating the potential for harm to national security.

An Introduction to Ethical Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology

An Introduction to Ethical  Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology
Author: Padma Nambisan
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2017-06-21
ISBN 10: 0128092513
ISBN 13: 9780128092514
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Ethical Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology Book Review:

An Introduction to Ethical, Safety and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in Biotechnology provides a comprehensive look at the biggest technologies that have revolutionized biology since the early 20th century, also discussing their impact on society. The book focuses on issues related to bioethics, biosafety and intellectual property rights, and is written in an easy-to-understand manner for graduate students and early career researchers interested in the opportunities and challenges associated with advances in biotechnology. Important topics covered include the Human Genome Project, human cloning, rDNA technology, the 3Rs and animal welfare, bioterrorism, human rights and genetic discrimination, good laboratory practices, good manufacturing practices, the protection of biological material and much more. Full of relevant case studies, practical examples, weblinks and resources for further reading, this book offers an essential and holistic look at the ways in which biotechnology has affected our global society. Provides a comprehensive look at the ethical, legal and social implications of biotechnology Discusses the global efforts made to resolve issues Incorporates numerous case studies to more clearly convey concepts and chart the development of guidelines and legislation regulating issues in biotechnology Takes a straightforward approach to highlight and discuss both the benefits and risks associated with the latest biotechnologies

Laboratory biosafety manual

Laboratory biosafety manual
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-10-31
ISBN 10: 9240011315
ISBN 13: 9789240011311
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laboratory biosafety manual Book Review:

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Laboratory Animals
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2006-08-14
ISBN 10: 0309101107
ISBN 13: 9780309101103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals Book Review:

Arranging the transportation of animals at research facilities is often an ordeal. There is a confusing patchwork of local, national, and international regulations; a perceived lack of high-quality shipping services; a dearth of science-based good practices; and a lack of biosafety standards. It's a challenge â€"and an impediment to biomedical research. Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals identifies the current problems encountered in the transportation of research animals and offers recommendations aimed at local and federal officials to rectify these problems. This book also includes a set of good practices based on the extensive body of literature on transportation of agricultural animals, universal concepts of physiology, and a scientific understanding of species-specific needs and differences. Good practices were developed by the committee to address thermal environment, space requirements, food and water requirements, social interaction, monitoring of transportation, emergency procedures, personnel training, and biosecurity. Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals is an essential guide for all researchers, animal care technicians, facilities managers, administrators, and animal care and use committees at research institutions.

Health Reform Policy to Practice

Health Reform Policy to Practice
Author: Ronald Stock,Bruce W. Goldberg
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2017-08-04
ISBN 10: 0128098287
ISBN 13: 9780128098288
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health Reform Policy to Practice Book Review:

Health Reform Policy to Practice: Oregon as a Case Study for a Path to a Comprehensive and Sustainable Health Delivery Model offers a real world example of an innovative, successful and comprehensive program conducted by the U.S. State of Oregon. In 1991, Oregon embarked on a journey to improve health for all its citizens by radically re-thinking how to approach health care for long-term benefits. Over more than two decades, Oregonians have participated in a dialogue to create a new approach to solve the dilemma of providing high quality health care that is affordable and effective. Traditionally, health care reform looked at cutting people from care, cutting provider rates or cutting services. Oregon’s approach is unique in that it built a new system of delivery from the ground (community) up. The Oregon model took a “Fourth Path to health care by redesigning the clinical delivery system through reducing waste, improving individual health and prevention, and therefore reducing utilization of services, creating local accountability, aligning financial incentives and creating fiscal accountability. This is not only an Oregon story, but a national one as other states, payers and purchasers implement health care reform. Written by content experts who have been actively involved in health care reform efforts Provides clear translation of current information and experience to implementation Explores the potential impact of the Oregon experience on national and international health care reform efforts

Science and Security in a Post 9 11 World

Science and Security in a Post 9 11 World
Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on a New Government-University Partnership for Science and Security
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2007-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780309179553
ISBN 13: 0309179556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Security in a Post 9 11 World Book Review:

Based on a series of regional meetings on university campuses with officials from the national security community and academic research institutions, this report identifies specific actions that should be taken to maintain a thriving scientific research environment in an era of heightened security concerns. Actions include maintaining the open exchange of scientific information, fostering a productive environment for international scholars in the U.S., reexamining federal definitions of sensitive but unclassified research, and reviewing policies on deemed export controls. The federal government should establish a standing entity, preferably a Science and Security Commission, that would review policies regarding the exchange of information and the participation of foreign-born scientists and students in research.

Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories

Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories
Author: Centers for Disease Control (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 139
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: WISC:89030643761
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories Book Review:

FAO Biosecurity Toolkit

FAO Biosecurity Toolkit
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Biosecurity Priority Area for Interdisciplinary Action
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9789251057292
ISBN 13: 925105729X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

FAO Biosecurity Toolkit Book Review:

This toolkit provides practical guidance and support to develop and implement national biosecurity frameworks at the country level. It presents the benefits of a harmonized and integrated approach to biosecurity and illustrates the experiences of countries, including Belize, Norway and New Zealand, which have adopted such an approach in recent times. By providing a framework to identify cross-cutting biosecurity capacity needs based on an integrated approach, this toolkit addresses the gaps inherent in a purely sectoral approach to biosecurity. The purpose is to support governments to better manage biosecurity as a means to protect public health, agricultural production and the environment. At the same time, this will enhance the ability of countries to comply with international agreements, regulations and requirements focused on sanitary and phytosanitary measures, contributing to economic development and trade.

Viral Sovereignty and Technology Transfer

Viral Sovereignty and Technology Transfer
Author: Sam F. Halabi,Rebecca Katz
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2020-05-31
ISBN 10: 1108484727
ISBN 13: 9781108484725
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Viral Sovereignty and Technology Transfer Book Review:

Sharing biological resources-critical for new medicines and vaccines-has declined as countries and scientists dispute rights over research.

MYCDCGP Malaysia Strategic Workplan for Emerging Diseases MySED Workplan

MYCDCGP   Malaysia Strategic Workplan for Emerging Diseases  MySED  Workplan
Author: Bahagian Kawalan Penyakit, Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia
Publsiher: BKPKKM
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

MYCDCGP Malaysia Strategic Workplan for Emerging Diseases MySED Workplan Book Review:

Applied Plant Virology

Applied Plant Virology
Author: L. P. Awasthi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2020-05-14
ISBN 10: 0128220538
ISBN 13: 9780128220535
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Plant Virology Book Review:

Applied Plant Virology: Advances, Detection, and Antiviral Strategies provides an overview on recent developments and applications in the field of plant virology. The book begins with an introduction to important advances in plant virology, but then covers topics including techniques for assay detection and the diagnosis of plant viruses, the purification, isolation and characterization of plant viruses, the architecture of plant viruses, the replication of plant viruses, the physiology of virus-infected hosts, vectors of plant viruses, and the nomenclature and classification of plants. The book also discusses defense strategies by utilizing antiviral agents and management strategies of virus and viroid diseases. With contributions from an international collection of experts, this book presents a practical resource for plant virologists, plant pathologists, horticulturalists, agronomists, biotechnologists, academics and researchers interested in up-to-date technologies and information that advance the field of plant virology. Covers the detection, control and management of plant viruses Discusses antiviral strategies, along with mechanisms of systemic induced resistance to enhance the defense of plants against viruses Provides contributory chapters from expert plant virologists from different parts of the world

Genes Germs And Medicine The Life Of Joshua Lederberg

Genes  Germs And Medicine  The Life Of Joshua Lederberg
Author: Jan Sapp
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2021-02-23
ISBN 10: 9811225494
ISBN 13: 9789811225499
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genes Germs And Medicine The Life Of Joshua Lederberg Book Review:

Genes, Germs and Medicine explores the development of modern biomedical science in the United States through the life of one of the Twentieth Century's most influential scientists.Joshua Lederberg was a scientific renaissance man. He and his collaborators founded the field of bacterial genetics, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize at the age of 33 (the second youngest in history). He helped to lay the foundations for genetic engineering, made fundamental revisions to immunological and evolutionary theory, and developed medical genetics. He initiated the search for extraterrestrial microbial life, developed artificial intelligence, and was a visionary of the Digital Age. Lederberg coined some of the central terms of modern biology: plasmid, transduction, exobiology, euphenics and microbiome.A complex humanist who spoke out for social justice, Lederberg confronted racism, and denied a gene-centered view of humans. Pondering our social evolution outside of nature, he forewarned of the complex ethical issues arising from bioengineering. He sounded the alarm about coming pandemics at a time when few would listen, and warned of the peril of biowarfare and strove to prevent it. Lederberg was a man with a deep sense of social and intellectual responsibility, a trusted advisor to eight presidential administrations.

Guidance framework for testing genetically modified mosquitoes

Guidance framework for testing genetically modified mosquitoes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-05-18
ISBN 10: 9240025235
ISBN 13: 9789240025233
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidance framework for testing genetically modified mosquitoes Book Review:

Disaster Epidemiology

Disaster Epidemiology
Author: Jennifer A. Horney
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2017-10-31
ISBN 10: 0128095075
ISBN 13: 9780128095072
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disaster Epidemiology Book Review:

Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product. Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters. Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course. Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology