Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit
Author: Benjamin S. Bleier,Suzanne K. Freitag,Raymond Sacks
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 181
Release: 2018-11-07
ISBN 10: 1626235066
ISBN 13: 9781626235069
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit Book Review:

The use of endoscopic orbital surgery is rapidly expanding in modern day rhinology and oculoplastic practice. In the past two decades, endoscopic techniques have been adapted for lacrimal and orbital surgery. Significant advances have been made in endoscopic endonasal and periocular approaches to the orbital apex and skull base, especially in the last 3 years. There has been no book dedicated to these recent surgical innovations until Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit: Anatomy, Pathology, and Management by Benjamin Bleier, Suzanne Freitag, and Raymond Sacks filled this void. This landmark text and its accompanying videos bring together the global experience of thought leaders and pioneers with multidisciplinary backgrounds. The collective expertise shared throughout 20 chapters codifies the current state of endoscopic orbital surgery and sets the stage for future developments. The opening chapters cover anatomy, physiology, and radiologic aspects pertaining to the orbit, paranasal sinuses, and surrounding structures. Subsequent chapters detail evaluation and endoscopic management of a full spectrum of pathologies utilizing orbital and optic nerve decompression, reconstruction, transorbital approaches, and anesthetic techniques. Key Features State-of-the-art evidence-based medicine including the pros and cons of different treatment approaches Management of operative complications such as sinusitis and iatrogenic intraorbital injury, and postoperative challenges Pathology-specific topics including congenital and acquired lacrimal obstruction, thyroid-related eye disease, trauma, orbital neoplasms, and skull-base neoplasms with orbital involvement 138 original illustrations help elucidate complex anatomy High definition, narrated surgical videos delineate specific surgical techniques This is a must-have resource for otolaryngologists in rhinologic and general practice and ophthalmologists in general and oculoplastic practice. It will also benefit neurosurgeons and plastic & reconstructive surgeons. The comprehensive text, clinical pearls, and accompanying videos facilitate incorporating these techniques into practice, whether one is a surgical trainee or veteran practitioner.

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit
Author: Raj Sindwani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2020-08-03
ISBN 10: 9780323613293
ISBN 13: 0323613292
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit Book Review:

Endoscopic orbital procedures are at the forefront of today's multidisciplinary patient care and team approach to problem-solving. Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit offers state-of-the-art, expert guidance on minimally invasive orbit techniques that promise a more streamlined approach to comprehensive patient care, improved patient satisfaction, and superior outcomes. This unique resource reflects the contemporary, unparalleled partnership between otolaryngology, neurosurgery, and ophthalmology that often also includes a cohesive team of clinicians from many other specialties. Provides expert perspectives from thought leaders in various specialties, including otolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, neurosurgeons, endocrinologists, medical and radiation oncologists, radiologists, and pathologists. Details the two-surgeon, multi-handed surgical techniques that have revolutionized the management of complex pathologies involving the orbit and skull base. Covers the full breadth of endoscopic orbital procedures-from advanced intraconal tumor removal and intracranial techniques involving the optic nerve and optic chiasm to more routine endoscopic procedures such as orbital decompressions, E-DCR, fracture repair, and subperiosteal abscess drainage. Reviews key topics such as neuromonitoring in orbital and skull base surgery, endoscopic surgery of the intraconal space for tumor resection, Transorbital NeuroEnodscopic Surgery (TONES), and reconstruction of the orbit. Includes tips and pearls on safe and effective procedures as well as novel approaches and innovations in the equipment used to perform these popular procedures. Provides superb visual reinforcement with more than 400 high-definition images of anatomy, imaging, and surgical techniques, as well as procedural videos. Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit
Author: Raj Sindwani
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 9780323613316
ISBN 13: 0323613314
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit Book Review:

"Endoscopic orbital procedures are at the forefront of today’s multidisciplinary patient care and team approach to problem-solving. Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit offers state-of-the-art, expert guidance on minimally invasive orbit techniques that promise a more streamlined approach to comprehensive patient care, improved patient satisfaction, and superior outcomes. This unique resource reflects the contemporary, unparalleled partnership between otolaryngology, neurosurgery, and ophthalmology that often also includes a cohesive team of clinicians from many other specialties"--Publisher's description.

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit E Book

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit E Book
Author: Raj Sindwani
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-05-24
ISBN 10: 0323613306
ISBN 13: 9780323613309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit E Book Book Review:

Endoscopic orbital procedures are at the forefront of today’s multidisciplinary patient care and team approach to problem-solving. Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit offers state-of-the-art, expert guidance on minimally invasive orbit techniques that promise a more streamlined approach to comprehensive patient care, improved patient satisfaction, and superior outcomes. This unique resource reflects the contemporary, unparalleled partnership between otolaryngology, neurosurgery, and ophthalmology that often also includes a cohesive team of clinicians from many other specialties. Provides expert perspectives from thought leaders in various specialties, including otolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, neurosurgeons, endocrinologists, medical and radiation oncologists, radiologists, and pathologists. Details the two-surgeon, multi-handed surgical techniques that have revolutionized the management of complex pathologies involving the orbit and skull base. Covers the full breadth of endoscopic orbital procedures—from advanced intraconal tumor removal and intracranial techniques involving the optic nerve and optic chiasm to more routine endoscopic procedures such as orbital decompressions, E-DCR, fracture repair, and subperiosteal abscess drainage. Reviews key topics such as neuromonitoring in orbital and skull base surgery, endoscopic surgery of the intraconal space for tumor resection, Transorbital NeuroEnodscopic Surgery (TONES), and reconstruction of the orbit. Includes tips and pearls on safe and effective procedures as well as novel approaches and innovations in the equipment used to perform these popular procedures. Provides superb visual reinforcement with more than 400 high-definition images of anatomy, imaging, and surgical techniques, as well as procedural videos.

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit and Related Structures

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit and Related Structures
Author: Abdulla Alredha,Narayanan Prepageran
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 66
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 9783897561908
ISBN 13: 3897561905
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit and Related Structures Book Review:

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit and Lacrimal System

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit and Lacrimal System
Author: Raj Sindwani,John J. Woog
Publsiher: W B Saunders Company
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9781416039266
ISBN 13: 1416039260
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Surgery of the Orbit and Lacrimal System Book Review:

St. Louis Univ., MO. Topics include the otolaryngologist-ophthalmologist relationship; anatomy of the orbit, lacrimal apparatus, and lateral nasal wall; radiologic evaluation of lacrimal and orbital disease; traditional approaches to the orbit; and more. For otolaryngologists.

Endoscopic Sinonasal Dissection Guide

Endoscopic Sinonasal Dissection Guide
Author: Roy R. Casiano
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 67
Release: 2011-09-30
ISBN 10: 1604065885
ISBN 13: 9781604065886
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Sinonasal Dissection Guide Book Review:

Endoscopic Sinonasal Dissection Guide demonstrates the most relevant techniques that enable residents to safely navigate the complex anatomy of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Organized in a stepwise approach and designed to mirror a residents progression in the lab, this succinct and user-friendly manual includes the most pertinent information on instrumentation, anteroposterior and postero-anterior approaches, and basic and advanced dissection techniques. Each chapter presents sagittal and endoscopic images accompanied by radiologic correlations with key anatomical landmarks highlighted throughout. Features 122 detailed surgical illustrations with easy-to-read labels guide the reader through basic and advanced endoscopic procedures Includes online access to videos that demonstrate dissection techniques, as well as a typical complex surgical case with nasal polyps A convenient spiral binding facilitates easy use in the lab A special section elucidates critical landmarks for performing advanced transnasal endoscopic procedures of the skull base and cervical spine This highly visual text is ideal for residents in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery and skull base surgery who are working in an endoscopic cadaver laboratory, as well as specialists who need to refresh their dissection techniques.

Neuroendoscopic Surgery

Neuroendoscopic Surgery
Author: Jaime Torres-Corzo,Leonardo Rangel-Castilla,Peter Nakaji
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2019-04-04
ISBN 10: 1626231621
ISBN 13: 9781626231627
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroendoscopic Surgery Book Review:

The development and refinement of neuroendoscopy has been driven by the persistent desire of neurosurgeons to advance the field and offer less invasive, more efficacious options to patients. This remarkable multimedia book reflects the technological advances achieved in the last two decades in fiber optics, cold light, cameras, and endoscopic instrumentation. Written by an impressive Who's Who of international neurosurgeons, the outstanding text and videos reflect global contributions to neuroendoscopy. Current indications for intracranial and intraventricular endoscopy are described in depth, through detailed chapters, stellar videos, professional animations, and exquisite illustrations. The authors share their clinical expertise on procedures ranging from endoscopic third ventriculostomy to transventricular approach of the fourth ventricle. Cover to cover, this book details the differences, alternatives, advantages, and limitations of the flexible neuroendoscope. This hands-on learning tool will enable neurosurgeons to perform endoscopy of the ventricles and basal cisterns for exploratory purposes and conditions such as hydrocephalus, congenital aqueductal stenosis, tumors, hypothalamic hamartoma, arachnoid cysts, and neurocysticercosis. Additional topics include endoscopic-assisted microvascular decompression and aneurysm surgery, fluorescence, complications, anesthesia, utilization in developing countries, and future trends. Key Features: Comprehensive multimedia reference with online access to 70 superb videos and animations More than 300 meticulously drawn illustrations Beautifully illustrated anatomical chapters that facilitate in-depth understanding of endoscopic anatomy An entire chapter devoted to flexible neuroendoscopy Indications, preoperative preparation, procedure description, intraoperative complications and their management ("risk and rescue" techniques), expert pearls, postoperative management, and outcomes This volume is a must-have resource for neurosurgery and neurology residents, neurosurgeons, pediatric neurosurgeons, and all physicians involved in the care of patients with intracranial and intraventricular disease.

Surgical Anatomy Around the Orbit

Surgical Anatomy Around the Orbit
Author: Barry M. Zide
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9780781750813
ISBN 13: 0781750814
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surgical Anatomy Around the Orbit Book Review:

This full-color surgical atlas provides a detailed, true-to-life view of periorbital anatomy as seen during an operative procedure. More than 130 photographs of fresh cadaver dissections and more than 100 vivid drawings by an award-winning ophthalmic artist enable surgeons to thoroughly preview this complex anatomy prior to surgery. Using his popular concept of facial zones, Dr. Zide depicts the fine anatomic details necessary for today's advanced cosmetic and reconstructive procedures. A chapter on the seventh cranial nerve shows what tissue is innervated and delineates the exact zone of safety. A chapter on anatomy for facial nerve blocks is included. A bound-in CD-ROM contains the book's 238 illustrations and extensive anatomic dissections.

Endoscopic Sinonasal Dissection Guide

Endoscopic Sinonasal Dissection Guide
Author: Roy R. Casiano,Islam R. Herzallah,Jean Anderson Eloy
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2017-07-11
ISBN 10: 1626232113
ISBN 13: 9781626232112
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Sinonasal Dissection Guide Book Review:

This remarkable manual encompasses the author's 30 years of experience and unique perspectives teaching endoscopic sinonasal surgery to residents and fellows. It also reflects a wealth of surgical pearls from rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery experts on how to safely navigate through the nose, sinuses, orbit, and skull base. Following a stepwise approach designed to mirror a resident's progression in the cadaver lab, this user-friendly manual includes the most pertinent information on instrumentation, anteroposterior approaches, and postero-anterior approaches. Starting with the philosophy and history of sinus surgery, the reader is introduced to basic anatomical and surgical concepts - progressing to complete sphenoethmoidectomy and frontal sinusotomy. Subsequent chapters delineate advanced dissection techniques including dacryocystorhinostomy, orbital decompression, anterior skull base resection, infratemporal fossa approach, nasopharyngectomy, and skull base repair techniques utilizing grafts and local/regional flaps. Complementary external approaches to the frontal and maxillary sinuses are also illustrated. Key Features Videos available online. Exquisitely detailed full-color diagrams sequentially illustrate the appearance of the surgical cavity before and after resection, reinforcing the stepwise progression. Key concepts expertly elucidated through extensive illustrations, endoscopic views, and CT/MRI scans. Easy-to-follow anatomical landmarks pinpoint safe surgical sinus entry zones, respective of paranasal sinuses and mucociliary pathways. Minimally invasive approaches to restore sinus ventilation and normal nasal functioning, as well as orbital and skull base procedures and approaches described in depth. This visually-rich manual is ideal for residents in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, as well as rhinology and endoscopic skull base fellows. It will also benefit otolaryngologists, ophthalmologists, and neurosurgeons who wish to brush up on specific endoscopic dissection techniques relative to their individual practice needs.

Orbital Surgery

Orbital Surgery
Author: Jack Rootman
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1469831333
ISBN 13: 9781469831336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Orbital Surgery Book Review:

This 2nd edition of Orbital Surgery is actually three books in one. It’s an overview on orbital diseases, an anatomical atlas, and a surgical atlas. Using a conceptual model, along with more than 800 photographic and hand-drawn illustrations this book provides the reader with a clear description of the factors to consider when deciding on the proper approach to lesions anywhere in and surrounding the orbit.

Lessons Learned from Rhinologic Procedure Complications

Lessons Learned from Rhinologic Procedure Complications
Author: Rakesh K. Chandra,Kevin C. Welch
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030753239
ISBN 13: 9783030753238
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lessons Learned from Rhinologic Procedure Complications Book Review:

Despite meticulous attention to details and expert technique, complications resulting from rhinologic procedures can occur doing one's professional career. This book discusses real-life complications and why these unfortunate events occurred, as well as how best to manage the consequent issues. The text also provides thoughtful strategies to prevent such situations going forward. The book is organized as a series of case-based chapters, each illustrating a complication involving the orbit, the skull base, unexpected bleeding, poor healing, or those relating to intraoperative decision making, and how each was managed by the authors. Each chapter begins with bullet points highlighting key clinical pearls illustrated by that particular case. Written by leaders in the field with decades of experience in sino-nasal procedures, the analysis complements expert opinions with evidence-based published literature and shares experiences related to the most current techniques, devices, and instrumentation. Every otolaryngologist practicing rhinologic procedures will appreciate the candid nature of the discussion and will find enrichment in this shared wisdom. Lessons Learned from Rhinologic Procedure Complications: A Case-Based Review serves practitioners of general otolaryngology as well as resident trainees in this field, explaining how best to identify, diagnose, and resolve a complication during rhinology procedures.

Extended Applications of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery to the Orbit and Pituitary Fossa

Extended Applications of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery to the Orbit and Pituitary Fossa
Author: Balwant Singh Gendeh
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1154268958
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extended Applications of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery to the Orbit and Pituitary Fossa Book Review:

Extended Applications of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery to the Orbit and Pituitary Fossa.

Endoscopic Approaches to the Skull Base

Endoscopic Approaches to the Skull Base
Author: A.B. Kassam,P.A. Gardner
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2012-04-20
ISBN 10: 3805592116
ISBN 13: 9783805592116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoscopic Approaches to the Skull Base Book Review:

During the last decade the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) to the skull base has become a very powerful method to add to the array of neurosurgical technologies. This volume provides a broad overview of the role of transnasal approaches in a wide spectrum of skull base diseases. It starts with a historical perspective of the evolution from the microscope to the endoscope in endonasal surgery and then explores in depth the principles and techniques of the various methods. Discussed are topics based on anatomical boundaries: pituitary fossa to the suprasellar space to the cavernous sinus, clivus and the anterior cranial fossa. Access to the infratemporal and posterior fossae via both the endoscopic endonasal and the retrosigmoid approaches are reviewed. In addition, the critical topic of reconstruction following ‘minimally invasive’ skull base surgery and finally the learning curve and complications associated with the applications of these new and exciting approaches are discussed. This volume will provide the latest knowledge to help neurosurgeons, otolaryngologists, head and neck surgeons as well as craniofacial surgeons understand the applications and practice of this important technique.

Color Atlas of Head and Neck Surgery

Color Atlas of Head and Neck Surgery
Author: Siba P. Dubey,Charles P. Molumi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2015-04-24
ISBN 10: 3319156454
ISBN 13: 9783319156453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Color Atlas of Head and Neck Surgery Book Review:

This surgical atlas, featuring a wealth of color photographs, provides detailed step-by-step descriptions of a wide range of open head and neck procedures, including radical and conservative (organ preservation, functional) approaches, aesthetic and reconstructive surgeries with the use of axial and free flaps, and surgery within the narrow confines of the skull base. Individual chapters are dedicated to surgery of the nose and paranasal sinuses, larynx and trachea, thyroid, salivary glands, mandible, face and lips, and neck, the repair of external nose defects, the use of axial and free flaps, and surgical treatment of temporal bone malignancy. The atlas will be a comprehensive practical reference for clinicians in the various specialties involved in head and neck surgery, including otolaryngologists, head and neck surgeons, plastic surgeons, maxillofacial surgeons and surgical oncologists. It will assist practitioners in achieving the high level of competence that is essential owing to the large number of vital structures in the head and neck region.

Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery E Book

Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery E Book
Author: Bobby S Korn,Don O Kikkawa
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2016-03-29
ISBN 10: 0323297579
ISBN 13: 9780323297578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery E Book Book Review:

Ideal for oculofacial, facial/cosmetic plastic, and dermatologic surgeons, the updated Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery brings together high-definition quality video and accompanying color atlas to help you master the latest reconstructive and cosmetic surgical procedures of the eyelid, lacrimal system, orbit, and face. Superb illustrations combined with expanded coverage of over 70 techniques deliver a complete multimedia resource to help perfect your surgical skills. Includes high-resolution screen grabs throughout the text to pinpoint key stages of the procedures. Includes 40 new and revised chapters covering the hottest procedures: aesthetic and revisional eyelid surgery; complex periocular reconstructions; Asian eyelid surgery; periocular fat transfer; and minimally invasive brow- and face-lift surgery. Comprehensively covers the essential procedures in the field, such as upper and lower blepharoplasty, ptosis repair, endoscopic brow lifting, botulinum toxin, oculofacial reconstruction, eyelid malposition repairs, endoscopic lacrimal surgery, and advanced orbital surgery techniques. Over 1,600 illustrations in the atlas include intra-operative photos, as well as new "before and after" patient images. A consistent chapter format with indications, preoperative evaluations, surgical techniques, complications and consumables used during surgery allows you to grasp the key points of every procedure.

Orbital Surgery

Orbital Surgery
Author: R. Medel,L.M. Vásquez
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 124
Release: 2014-08-25
ISBN 10: 3318026069
ISBN 13: 9783318026061
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Orbital Surgery Book Review:

Orbital surgery deals with a variety of complications occurring in the eye socket comprising inflammatory diseases like thyroid-associated orbitopathy, tumors, infections, and injuries from trauma that affect eye function. In this volume, renowned European orbital surgery experts share their professional experience and expertise. Their contributions cover basic as well as more specialized up-to-date concepts that are beneficial in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with orbital disorders. The book offers a practical review of this complex and very interesting branch of ophthalmic plastic surgery for ophthalmology residents, ophthalmic plastic and orbital surgery fellows, ophthalmic plastic surgeons with a special interest in orbital surgery, and general ophthalmologists.

Oculoplastics and Orbit

Oculoplastics and Orbit
Author: R. Guthoff,James A. Katowitz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2010-11-20
ISBN 10: 9783642070211
ISBN 13: 3642070213
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oculoplastics and Orbit Book Review:

This second volume of the highly practical and informative work continues the fine tradition of this exceptional series. It details the latest concepts and management techniques in oculofacial plastic surgery. It contains in-depth reviews of orbital disorders such as capillary hemangiomas and venolymphatic malformations, offering new strategies in diagnosis and management. Coverage also includes recent developments in the diagnosis and management of lacrimal disorders, including salivary gland transposition for severe dry eye and lacrimal stenosis. It will prove to be a valuable resource for both the comprehensive ophthalmologist as well as subspecialists with a particular interest in disorders of the orbit, eyelids, lacrimal system, and other facial structures.

Surgery of the Eyelid Lacrimal System and Orbit

Surgery of the Eyelid  Lacrimal System  and Orbit
Author: Michael T Yen
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2011-10-13
ISBN 10: 0195340213
ISBN 13: 9780195340211
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surgery of the Eyelid Lacrimal System and Orbit Book Review:

The recognized expert contributing authors provide readers with trusted insight into new and advanced surgical techniques. The text is intuitively organized into functional sections including eyelid malpositions, eyelid reconstruction, lacrimal surgery, orbital surgery, and aesthetic facial surgery.

Orbital Tumors

Orbital Tumors
Author: Zeynel A. Karcioglu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2014-10-20
ISBN 10: 149391510X
ISBN 13: 9781493915101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Orbital Tumors Book Review:

Orbital Tumors, 2nd edition discusses advances in orbital disease and their treatment, offering readers an up-to-date, single volume reference for orbital tumors. Divided into two parts, this book covers everything from advances in oncogenesis and its relationship to orbital tumors, to medical genetics and the role of imaging in diagnosis of orbital tumors. Additionally, new information on incidence and behavior of tumors resulting from environmental and social trends is included. Written and edited by leaders in the fields of ophthalmology and oncology, Orbital Tumors, 2nd edition builds upon the first edition, proving to be a useful reference for orbital specialists and of significant interest for everyone dealing with orbital pathology from a clinical and scientific point of view.