Emerging Issues in Climate Smart Livestock Production

Emerging Issues in Climate Smart Livestock Production
Author: Sukanta Mondal,Ram Lakhan Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN 10: 0128222662
ISBN 13: 9780128222669
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Issues in Climate Smart Livestock Production Book Review:

Emerging Issues in Climate Smart Livestock Production: Biological Tools and Techniques furnishes a detailed reference on livestock sustainability and the role of biotechnology for creating more sustainable livestock production systems. The book is a collection of scientific techniques, including genetic engineering used to modify and improve animals, fishes, and microorganisms for human benefit. The book is particularly attractive for scientists, researchers, students, educators, and professionals in agriculture, veterinary, and biotechnology science. This book promotes several biotechnological approaches that can easily be evaluated in the field for quality assurance programs beneficial to producing livestock products and overall public health. Biotechnology has the potential to improve the productivity of animals via increased growth, carcass quality and reproduction, improved nutrition and feed utilization, improved food quality and safety, improved animal health and welfare, and reduced waste through more efficient utilization of resources. Identifies and explores biotechnological approaches for sustainable livestock and fish production Focuses on strategies for enhancing livestock and fishery productivity and sustainability Presents the latest research on modern methods and technologies

Food Security and Climate Smart Food Systems

Food Security and Climate Smart Food Systems
Author: Mohamed Behnassi,Mirza Barjees Baig,Mohamed Taher Sraïri,Abdlmalek A. Alsheikh,Ali Wafa A. Abu Risheh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2022-02-21
ISBN 10: 3030927385
ISBN 13: 9783030927387
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Food Security and Climate Smart Food Systems Book Review:

The resilience of food systems and security to emerging challenges and threats, especially in the context of environmental and climate risks and global pandemics such as the Covid-19 crisis, is currently gaining growing importance in research, policy, and practice. Based on this, the core focus of this book, as a part of a series of CERES publications, consists of identifiying and exploring the best ways to overcome such challenges and shocks and to build resilience in the Global South. More precisely, the book analyzes current dynamics and trends related to the climate resilience of food security and assess the relevance of emerging approaches such as climate-smart agriculture, new roles of agriculture extension, smart farming, and climate adaptation of farming systems.The book includes both conceptual and empirical research reporting lessons learned from many geographical, environmental, social, and policy settings while focusing on Africa, Middle East, and Asia. It also provides research and policy-oriented inputs and recommendations to guide change processes at multiple scales.

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 115
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 925107920X
ISBN 13: 9789251079201
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock Book Review:

Greenhouse gas emissions by the livestock sector could be cut by as much as 30 percent through the wider use of existing best practices and technologies. FAO conducted a detailed analysis of GHG emissions at multiple stages of various livestock supply chains, including the production and transport of animal feed, on-farm energy use, emissions from animal digestion and manure decay, as well as the post-slaughter transport, refrigeration and packaging of animal products. This report represents the most comprehensive estimate made to-date of livestocks contribution to global warming as well as the sectors potential to help tackle the problem. This publication is aimed at professionals in food and agriculture as well as policy makers.

Climate Smart Agriculture

Climate Smart Agriculture
Author: Leslie Lipper,Nancy McCarthy,David Zilberman,Solomon Asfaw,Giacomo Branca
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2017-10-20
ISBN 10: 3319611941
ISBN 13: 9783319611945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Smart Agriculture Book Review:

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO license. The book uses an economic lens to identify the main features of climate-smart agriculture (CSA), its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. Drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional, and resource economics, this book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of CSA. Focusing on the adaptation/resilience dimension of CSA, the text embraces a mixture of conceptual analyses, including theory, empirical and policy analysis, and case studies, to look at adaptation and resilience through three possible avenues: ex-ante reduction of vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity, and ex-post risk coping. The book is divided into three sections. The first section provides conceptual framing, giving an overview of the CSA concept and grounding it in core economic principles. The second section is devoted to a set of case studies illustrating the economic basis of CSA in terms of reducing vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity and ex-post risk coping. The final section addresses policy issues related to climate change. Providing information on this new and important field in an approachable way, this book helps make sense of CSA and fills intellectual and policy gaps by defining the concept and placing it within an economic decision-making framework. This book will be of interest to agricultural, environmental, and natural resource economists, development economists, and scholars of development studies, climate change, and agriculture. It will also appeal to policy-makers, development practitioners, and members of governmental and non-governmental organizations interested in agriculture, food security and climate change.

Climate Smart Agriculture Sourcebook

Climate Smart Agriculture Sourcebook
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2015-03-11
ISBN 10: 9789251077207
ISBN 13: 9251077207
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Smart Agriculture Sourcebook Book Review:

"Climate-smart agriculture, forestry and fisheries (CSA), contributes to the achievement of sustainable development goals. It integrates the three dimensions of sustainable development (economic, social and environmental) by jointly addressing food security and climate challenges. It is composed of three main pillars: sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes; adapting and building resilience to climate change; reducing and/or removing greenhouse gases emissions, where possible. The purpose of the sourcebook is to further elaborate the concept of CSA and demonstrate its potential, as well as limitations. It aims to help decision makers at a number of levels (including political administrators and natural resource managers) to understand the different options that are available for planning, policies and investments and the practices that are suitable for making different agricultural sectors, landscapes and food systems more climate-smart. This sourcebook is a reference tool for planners, practitioners and policy makers working in agriculture, forestry and fisheries at national and subnational levels." -- Back cover.

Emerging Challenges to Food Production and Security in Asia Middle East and Africa

Emerging Challenges to Food Production and Security in Asia  Middle East  and Africa
Author: Mohamed Behnassi,Mirza Barjees Baig,Mahjoub El Haiba,Michael R. Reed
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2021-07-28
ISBN 10: 3030729877
ISBN 13: 9783030729875
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Challenges to Food Production and Security in Asia Middle East and Africa Book Review:

This book, as a part of a series of CERES publications, provides a multi-regional and cross-sectoral analysis of food and water security, especially in the era of climate risks, biodiversity loss, pressure on scarce resources, especially land and water, increasing global population, and changing dietary preferences. It includes both conceptual research and empirically-based studies, which provides context-specific analyses and recommendations based on a variety of case studies from Africa, Middle East, and Asia regarding the fostering of long-term resilience of food and water security. The core approach of the volume consists of: assessing the structural drivers affecting the vulnerability of food and water security, under the persistence of current trends; identifying the best solutions and practices to enhance the climate resilience for food and water security; and fostering climate adaptation and biodiversity protection for food and water security.

Climate Change Impact on Livestock Adaptation and Mitigation

Climate Change Impact on Livestock  Adaptation and Mitigation
Author: Veerasamy Sejian,John Gaughan,Lance Baumgard,Cadaba Prasad
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2015-03-31
ISBN 10: 8132222652
ISBN 13: 9788132222651
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Impact on Livestock Adaptation and Mitigation Book Review:

This volume addresses in detail both livestock’s role in climate change and the impacts of climate change on livestock production and reproduction. Apart from these cardinal principles of climate change and livestock production, this volume also examines the various strategies used to mitigate livestock-related GHG emissions, and those which can reduce the impacts of climate change on livestock production and reproduction. Presenting information and case studies collected and analyzed by professionals working in diversified ecological zones, the book explores the influence of climate change on livestock production across the globe. The most significant feature of this book is that it addresses in detail the different adaptation strategies and identifies targets for different stakeholders in connection with climate change and livestock production. Further, it puts forward development plans that will allow the livestock industries to cope with current climate changes and strategies that will mitigate the effects by 2025. Lastly, it provides researchers and policymakers several researchable priorities to help develop economically viable solutions for livestock production with less GHG emissions, promoting a cleaner environment in which human beings and livestock can live in harmony without adverse effects on productivity. Given that livestock production systems are sensitive to climate change and at the same are themselves a contributor to the phenomenon, climate change has the potential to pose an increasingly formidable challenge to the development of the livestock sector. However, there is a dearth of scientific information on adapting livestock production to the changing climate; as such, well-founded reference material on sustaining livestock production systems under the changing climate scenarios in different agro-ecological zones of the world is essential. By methodically and extensively addressing all aspects of climate change and livestock production, this volume offers a valuable tool for understanding the hidden intricacies of climatic stress and its influence on livestock production.

Livestock Production and Climate Change

Livestock Production and Climate Change
Author: Pradeep K Malik,Raghavendra Bhatta,Junichi Takahashi,Richard Kohn,Cadaba S Prasad
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 407
Release: 2015-04-22
ISBN 10: 1780644329
ISBN 13: 9781780644325
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Livestock Production and Climate Change Book Review:

In a changing climate, livestock production is expected to exhibit dual roles of mitigation and adaptation in order to meet the challenge of food security. This book approaches the issues of livestock production and climate change through three sections: I. Livestock production, II. Climate change and, III. Enteric methane amelioration. Section I addresses issues of feed quality and availability, abiotic stress (heat and nutritional) and strategies for alleviation, livestock generated nitrogen and phosphorus pollution, and approaches for harnessing the complex gut microbial diversity. Section II discusses the effects of climate change on livestock diversity, farm animal reproduction, impact of meat production on climate change, and emphasising the role of indigenous livestock in climatic change to sustain production. Section III deals with the most recent approaches to amelioration of livestock methane such as breeding for low methane emissions, reductive acetogenesis, immunization/vaccine-based concepts and archaea phage therapy.

Climate Change and Agriculture

Climate Change and Agriculture
Author: Noureddine Benkeblia
Publsiher: Wiley
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2023-01-30
ISBN 10: 9781119789758
ISBN 13: 1119789753
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Agriculture Book Review:

Authoritative and comprehensive resource covering climate-smart agriculture with key insight into its implementation Climate Change and Agriculture provides a complete overview of the development of sustainable agroecosystems and cropping systems and details how to improve the resilience of cultivated crops and cropping systems to the adverse conditions of the climate, such as drought, raising carbon dioxide, global warming, and many other secondary effects such as soils fertility depletion, uncommon disease, and pests. Additionally, the text suggests different agricultural practices to face the severity of frequency of the natural events. Climate Change and Agriculture also delves into the different climate-resilient ways and climate-smarter agriculture (CSA) for food production by building healthier soils through different sustainable practices, redesigning diverse agroecosystems, and developing new crop varieties, livestock breeds, and farm practices. Insight into how modern technology has affected the field, and how it may affect the field in the future, is included. Other topics discussed in Climate Change and Agriculture are as follows: Climate change and agriculture (state of the art, challenges, and perspectives), plus studies on crop yields and their extreme value analysis over India Symbiosis for food security and sustainability in changing climate and emerging issues related to conservation agriculture in Africa Role of Periurban agriculture in sustainability and climate change, with additional information on nutrient management in agro-ecosystems Soil fertility management and biofertilization in changing climate and biochar mitigate abiotic stress-induced damages under changing climate For academics and students, seed, fertilizer, and chemical producers, farmers and farming communities, and policy makers, Climate Change and Agriculture contains invaluable insight on the subject that is helpful in understanding the current state of the field and being prepared for potential future developments.

Livestock Production and the Functioning of Agricultural Ecosystems Volume I

Livestock Production and the Functioning of Agricultural Ecosystems  Volume I
Author: Gary S. Kleppel,Fred Provenza,Juan Jose Villalba
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-08-24
ISBN 10: 2889712184
ISBN 13: 9782889712182
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Livestock Production and the Functioning of Agricultural Ecosystems Volume I Book Review:

Emerging Smart Technologies

Emerging Smart Technologies
Author: Dr. Matthew N. O Sadiku
Publsiher: AuthorHouse
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2021-03-04
ISBN 10: 1665516607
ISBN 13: 9781665516600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Smart Technologies Book Review:

We live in a world with an abundance of technologies and the technologies are developing and improving rapidly. Technologies are transforming our lifestyles, social interactions, and workplaces. Nearly everyone in the developed nations possesses multiple electronic gadgets (cell phones, tablets, personal computers, laptops, digital notebooks, etc.). Daily use of technology has evolved. Recent advances in the field of technology have led to the emergence of innovative solutions known as smart technologies. A technology is considered smart if it performs a task that an intelligent person can do. A smart or intelligent technology is a self-operative and corrective system that requires little or no human intervention. Smart technologies can be understood as a generalization of the concept of smart structures and the use of digital and communications technologies. They have given us new, powerful tools to work. Application of such technologies can transform the conventional cities into smart cities, conventional home into smart home, conventional farming into smart farming, etc. Today, we are in an era where everything is expected to be smart. Common examples include smart cities, smart factory, smart agriculture, smart farming, smart healthcare, smart university, smart medication, smart water, smart food, smart materials, smart devices, smart phones, smart grid, smart energy, smart homes, smart buildings, smart metering, smart appliances, smart equipment, smart heating controls, smart lighting systems, smart watch, smart economy, smart environment, smart grids, smart transportation, smart mobility, smart manufacturing, smart living, smart environment, smart people, etc. These technologies will ensure equity, fairness, and realize a better quality of life. The combined autonomy and ambience of smart technologies simultaneously provides the conduit through which our choices are affected. These smart technologies go hand-in-hand with a new technology called the Internet of things (IoT).

Climate Smart Agriculture

Climate Smart Agriculture
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 111
Release: 2018-07-12
ISBN 10: 9251307806
ISBN 13: 9789251307809
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Smart Agriculture Book Review:

The effects of climate change and climate variability on agriculture pose the greatest challenge for Kenya to realize its Vision 2030 and other agricultural strategies. Agriculture is sensitive and highly vulnerable to climate change/variability, whose effects are already being experienced in life threatening ways. Given the high dependency on rain-fed agriculture, people and communities whose livelihoods is conditional on agricultural sector are at higher risk of climatic extremes. This manual has been prepared to assist agricultural extension officers and community leaders in disseminating a list of Climate-Smart Agriculture practices. These set of practices when implemented in an integrated approach should ensure increased production and profitability, enhance resilience and adaptation to climate change effects but also promote low greenhouse gas emission. Though the list of practices are not exhaustive, the manual attempt to demonstrate possible effective combination of practices that are suitable for most of the Kenyan farming systems and which simultaneously achieve a farming approach that is productive, adaptive and with opportunities for carbon sinks. Each chapter describes a Climate-Smart Agriculture practice and tries to respond to the three questions of proposed technologies i.e. What?, Why? and How? The format of writing was intended to make it easy for the users to be able to apply the synergistic implementation of selected practices. This manual will be complemented by other manuals and policy guidelines prepared by FAO and the Government of Kenya to support policy makers in integrating climate change concerns in other development areas while achieving food and nutrition security

Climate Smart Agriculture

Climate Smart Agriculture
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 629
Release: 2018-06-12
ISBN 10: 9251099669
ISBN 13: 9789251099667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Smart Agriculture Book Review:

The book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of Climate-Smart Agriculture, drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional and resource economics. The book uses economic lens to identify the main features of CSA, its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. It is a product of the EPIC team in the ESA division and contributes to SO2 OO2. Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is a concept that calls for integration of the need for adaptation and the possibility of mitigation in agricultural growth strategies to support food security. Several countries around the world have expressed intent to adopt CSA approach to managing their agricultural sectors. However there is considerable confusion about what the CSA concept and approach actually involve, and wide variation in how the term is used. It is critical to build a more formal basis for the CSA concept and methodology and at the same time providing illustrations of how the concept can be applied across a range of conditions.

World Livestock Production Systems

World Livestock Production Systems
Author: Carlos Seré,Henning Steinfeld,Jan Groenewold
Publsiher: Bernan Assoc
Total Pages: 100
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015037817353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Livestock Production Systems Book Review:

Global Climate Change Resilient and Smart Agriculture

Global Climate Change  Resilient and Smart Agriculture
Author: V. Venkatramanan,Shachi Shah,Ram Prasad
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2020-09-18
ISBN 10: 9813298561
ISBN 13: 9789813298569
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Climate Change Resilient and Smart Agriculture Book Review:

This book provides essential insights into methods and practices of ‘Climate-smart Agriculture,’ which is driven by the principles of climate resilience and smart resource use in agricultural production. Climate-smart agriculture is a key policy instrument for achieving poverty eradication and a hunger-free world, as well as mitigating the effects of climate change. This book discusses in detail climate-smart agricultural technologies and practices that can reduce the vulnerability of agricultural systems, improve the livelihoods of farmers and other stakeholders, and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from crop production and livestock husbandry. The agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sector produces roughly 10–12 gigatons of CO2-equivalent per year; therefore, sustainable practices for agriculture and related land use hold immense potential to mitigate climate change. The potential impacts of climate variability and climate change on agriculture are extensively documented and articulated, especially with regard to global and national environmental agendas that call for innovation, transformation and climate-resilient advances in agriculture. As the book demonstrates, climate-smart agriculture offers an excellent tool for boosting agricultural output to feed the growing global population; for reducing greenhouse gases emissions from agriculture and other land use; and for protecting agricultural production systems from the impending dangers of climate change.

Emerging Internet Based Technologies

Emerging Internet Based Technologies
Author: Matthew N. O. Sadiku
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 129
Release: 2019-01-15
ISBN 10: 0429670575
ISBN 13: 9780429670572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Internet Based Technologies Book Review:

The author of this book has identified the seven key emerging Internet-related technologies: Internet of things, smart everything, big data, cloud computing, cybersecurity, software-defined networking, and online education. Together these technologies are transformational and disruptive. This book provides researchers, students, and professionals a comprehensive introduction, applications, benefits, and challenges for each technology. It presents the impact of these cutting-edge technologies on our global economy and its future. The word "technology" refers to "collection of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services."

Climate Impacts on Agricultural and Natural Resource Sustainability in Africa

Climate Impacts on Agricultural and Natural Resource Sustainability in Africa
Author: Bal Ram Singh,Andy Safalaoh,Nyambilila A. Amuri,Lars Olav Eik,Bishal K. Sitaula,Rattan Lal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 637
Release: 2020-03-17
ISBN 10: 3030375374
ISBN 13: 9783030375379
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Impacts on Agricultural and Natural Resource Sustainability in Africa Book Review:

This book discusses knowledge-based sustainable agro-ecological and natural resource management systems and best practices for sustained agricultural productivity and ecosystem resilience for better livelihoods under a changing climate. With a focus on agriculture in Africa, the book assesses innovative technologies for use on smallholder farms, and addresses some of the key Sustainable Development Goals to guide innovative responses and enhanced adaptation methods for coping with climate change. Contributions are based on 'Capacity Building for Managing Climate Change in Malawi' (CABMACC), a five-year program with an overall goal to improve livelihoods and food security through innovative responses and enhanced capacity of adaptation to climate change. Readers will discover more about sustainable crop production, climate smart agriculture, on-farm energy supply from biogas and the potential of soil carbon sequestration in crop-livestock systems.

Emerging Technologies in Agriculture Livestock and Climate

Emerging Technologies in Agriculture  Livestock  and Climate
Author: Abid Yahya
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 100
Release: 2019-12-26
ISBN 10: 3030334872
ISBN 13: 9783030334871
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Technologies in Agriculture Livestock and Climate Book Review:

This book provides applications of wireless sensor networks (WSN) in environmental monitoring, with an emphasis on livestock disease detection and agricultural management in Africa to aid farmers. This proposed system entails current and innovative monitoring technologies intended to improve agricultural conditions in Africa, with a focus on Botswana, and addresses the Internet of Things (IoT) as a set of remote monitoring protocols using WSNs to improve and ensure proper environmental maintenance. In this book, the author introduces WSNs, and how the IoT can be applied to develop a system of "smart agriculture" in Africa, taking into account livestock health, climate change impacts on crops and wildlife, and technological innovations in response to climate change such as windmills and solar panels. The book will be interesting to students and researchers in engineering and life sciences, as well as practitioners working with sensing technologies for agricultural monitoring and improvement.

Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture

Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Ram Lakhan Singh,Sukanta Mondal
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2017-09-12
ISBN 10: 0128122382
ISBN 13: 9780128122389
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture Book Review:

Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture: Emerging Approaches and Strategies is an outstanding collection of current research that integrates basic and advanced concepts of agricultural biotechnology with future development prospects. Using biotechnology with sustainable agriculture effectively contributes to gains in agricultural productivity, enhanced food security, reduced poverty and malnutrition, and more ecologically sustainable means of food production. Written by a panel of experts, this book is unique in its coverage of the broad area of biotechnology for sustainable agriculture. It includes intriguing topics and discussions of areas such as recombinant DNA technology and genetic engineering. Identifies and explores biotechnological tools to enhance sustainability Encompasses plant and microbial biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering Focuses on plant biotechnology and crop improvement to increase yield and resilience Summarizes the impact of climate change on agriculture, fisheries and livestock

Climate Change and Agriculture Worldwide

Climate Change and Agriculture Worldwide
Author: Emmanuel Torquebiau
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2015-10-26
ISBN 10: 9401774625
ISBN 13: 9789401774628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Agriculture Worldwide Book Review:

In recent years, especially with the approach of the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris in late 2015, the number of publications, conferences and meetings on climate change has been growing exponentially. Yet uncertainties remain concerning rural tropical areas where models are forecasting the onset of multiple disorders and trends are unclear. Meanwhile, the impact of climate change on the poorest communities is regularly documented, often prompting alarmist reactions. How can food security be achieved while adapting to and mitigating climate change? What are the main threats to agriculture in developing countries? How do farmers in these countries cope with the threats? What does agricultural research propose? What options have yet to be investigated? A broad scope of scientific research is underway to address these challenges. Diverse solutions are available, including new agricultural practices, water management, agricultural waste recycling, diagnosis of emerging diseases, payment for ecosystem services, etc. Gaining insight into the financial and political mechanisms that underlie international climate negotiations is also essential to design practical ways to deal with climate issues and meet sustainable development requirements in collaboration with farmers. This book pools the wealth of experience of dozens of researchers and development officers from a range of disciplines. We have focused on making it detailed, accurate and hopefully easy to read for researchers, students and all other informed readers.