Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Jürgen Garche,Klaus Brandt
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 670
Release: 2018-09-28
ISBN 10: 0444640088
ISBN 13: 9780444640086
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Review:

Safety of Lithium Batteries describes how best to assure safety during all phases of the life of Lithium ion batteries (production, transport, use, and disposal). About 5 billion Li-ion cells are produced each year, predominantly for use in consumer electronics. This book describes how the high-energy density and outstanding performance of Li-ion batteries will result in a large increase in the production of Li-ion cells for electric drive train vehicle (xEV) and battery energy storage (BES or EES) purposes. The high-energy density of Li battery systems comes with special hazards related to the materials employed in these systems. The manufacturers of cells and batteries have strongly reduced the hazard probability by a number of measures. However, absolute safety of the Li system is not given as multiple incidents in consumer electronics have shown. Presents the relationship between chemical and structure material properties and cell safety Relates cell and battery design to safety as well as system operation parameters to safety Outlines the influences of abuses on safety and the relationship to battery testing Explores the limitations for transport and storage of cells and batteries Includes recycling, disposal and second use of lithium ion batteries

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Hajime Arai,Jurgen Garche,Luis C. Colmenares
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2020-10-10
ISBN 10: 0444643346
ISBN 13: 9780444643346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Review:

Metal-air is a promising battery system that uses inexpensive metals for its negative electrode while unlimited, free and non-toxic oxygen is used for its positive electrode, however, only primary systems have been commercialized so far. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives offers a comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries as well as the solutions to the issues for overcoming the related difficulties of the secondary (rechargeable) system. Although metal-air batteries are widely studied as low-cost high-energy systems, their commercialization is limited to primary ones due to currently limited cycle life and insufficient reliability. For realization of the secondary systems, this book offers comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries, including the details of both electrodes, electrolyte, cell/system, modelling and applications. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives provides researchers, instructors, and students in electrochemistry, material science and environmental science; industry workers in cell manufacturing; and government officials in energy, environmental, power supply, and transportation with a valuable resource covering the most important topics of metal-air batteries and their uses. Outlines the general characteristics of metal-air compared with conventional batteries Offers a comprehensive understanding of various metal-air, featuring zinc, and lithium Contains comparisons and issues among various metal-air batteries and research efforts to solve them Includes applications and market prospects

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Tom Smolinka,Jurgen Garche
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2021-10-25
ISBN 10: 0128194251
ISBN 13: 9780128194256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Review:

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Tom Smolinka,J. Garche
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2021-11-09
ISBN 10: 0128194243
ISBN 13: 9780128194249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Review:

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Electrochemical Power Sources

Electrochemical Power Sources
Author: Vladimir S. Bagotsky,Alexander M. Skundin,Yurij M. Volfkovich
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2015-01-07
ISBN 10: 1118460235
ISBN 13: 9781118460238
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Book Review:

Electrochemical Power Sources (EPS) provides in a concise way the operational features, major types, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Details the design, operational features, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Covers improvements of existing EPSs and the development of new kinds of EPS as the results of intense R&D work • Provides outlook for future trends in fuel cells and batteries • Covers the most typical battery types, fuel cells and supercapacitors; such as zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline manganese dioxide batteries, mercury-zinc cells, lead-acid batteries, cadmium storage batteries, silver-zinc batteries and modern lithium batteries

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries
Author: Eduardo Cattaneo,Bernhard Riegel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2017-08-31
ISBN 10: 0444632506
ISBN 13: 9780444632500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Industrial Lead Acid Batteries Book Review:

Advanced Industrial Lead-Acid Batteries, written for technologists and engineers, presents a detailed account of the different types of reserve and motive power industrial lead-acid batteries, also including recent developments and new applications. Lead-acid batteries (LAB) for reserve and motive power applications have, in recent years, undergone an evolutionary process triggered by novel developments in telecommunication, information technology, material handling, and renewable energy applications. This book details those advances, giving users the latest information on this rapidly advancing field. Presents a complete description and deployment of industrial batteries Gives a detailed account of all the components of industrial batteries and their functions Covers the most common service-life limiting factors of industrial batteries Includes a comprehensive list of battery testing methods, i.e., capacity and self-discharge tests Lists the usual parameters in battery management systems necessary for correct field function Provides details on all manufacturing techniques of LAB

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells
Author: Keith Scott,Eileen Hao Yu
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2015-11-25
ISBN 10: 1782423966
ISBN 13: 9781782423966
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells Book Review:

Microbial Electrochemical and Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications contains the most updated information on bio-electrical systems and their ability to drive an electrical current by mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature to produce a small amount of power. One of the most promising features of the microbial fuel cell is its application to generate power from wastewater, and its use in the treatment of water to remove contaminants, making it a very sustainable source of power generation that can feasibly find application in rural areas where providing more conventional sources of power is often difficult. The book explores, in detail, both the technical aspects and applications of this technology, and was written by an international team of experts in the field who provide an introduction to microbial fuel cells that looks at their electrochemical principles and mechanisms, explains the materials that can be used for the various sections of the fuel cells, including cathode and anode materials, and provides key analysis of microbial fuel cell performance looking at their usage in hydrogen production, waste treatment, and sensors, amongst other applications. Includes coverage of the types and principles of electrochemical cells Provides information on the construction of fuel cells and appropriate materials Presents the latest on this renewable source of energy and the process for the treatment of waste water

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources
Author: Jurgen Garche,Chris K. Dyer,Patrick T. Moseley,Zempachi Ogumi,David A. J. Rand,Bruno Scrosati
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 4538
Release: 2013-05-20
ISBN 10: 0444527451
ISBN 13: 9780444527455
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources Book Review:

The Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources is a truly interdisciplinary reference for those working with batteries, fuel cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, and photo-electrochemical cells. With a focus on the environmental and economic impact of electrochemical power sources, this five-volume work consolidates coverage of the field and serves as an entry point to the literature for professionals and students alike. Covers the main types of power sources, including their operating principles, systems, materials, and applications Serves as a primary source of information for electrochemists, materials scientists, energy technologists, and engineers Incorporates nearly 350 articles, with timely coverage of such topics as environmental and sustainability considerations

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources
Author: S. R. S. Prabaharan,M. Siluvai Michael
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2014-10-24
ISBN 10: 9814303054
ISBN 13: 9789814303057
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources Book Review:

The challenge of providing adequate power on an indefinite basis without causing long-term damage to the environment requires a versatile means of energy conversion and storage. As such, electrical energy storage is becoming more vital today than at any time in human history. Electrochemical systems, such as batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and photoelectrochemical cells, can help meet this objective. Future generations of rechargeable lithium batteries will be required to power portable electronic devices, store electricity from renewable sources, and serve as a vital component to pursuing electric mobility in the future to reduce fossil fuel demand and mitigate environmental issues. In this context, engineering of new materials, especially at the nanoscale, has become imperative to achieve enhanced energy and power density to meet the future challenges of energy storage. This book outlines the state of the art of nanoscale aspects of advanced energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion batteries, including microbatteries and electrochemical supercapacitors. It focuses on various fundamental issues related to device performance of various positive and negative electrode materials, with special reference to their nanoscale advantages. It also includes fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, physical, and electrochemical properties, and applications of nanoscale materials pertaining to advanced electrochemical power sources. A variety of advanced nanomaterials, such as transition metal oxides, phosphates, silicates, and conversion electrodes, together with some special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, nanorods, and mesoporous carbons are discussed by many notable authorities in the field.

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources
Author: S. R. S. Prabaharan,M. Siluvai Michael
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2014-10-24
ISBN 10: 9814241431
ISBN 13: 9789814241434
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources Book Review:

The challenge of providing adequate power on an indefinite basis without causing long-term damage to the environment requires a versatile means of energy conversion and storage. As such, electrical energy storage is becoming more vital today than at any time in human history. Electrochemical systems, such as batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and photoelectrochemical cells, can help meet this objective. Future generations of rechargeable lithium batteries will be required to power portable electronic devices, store electricity from renewable sources, and serve as a vital component to pursuing electric mobility in the future to reduce fossil fuel demand and mitigate environmental issues. In this context, engineering of new materials, especially at the nanoscale, has become imperative to achieve enhanced energy and power density to meet the future challenges of energy storage. This book outlines the state of the art of nanoscale aspects of advanced energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion batteries, including microbatteries and electrochemical supercapacitors. It focuses on various fundamental issues related to device performance of various positive and negative electrode materials, with special reference to their nanoscale advantages. It also includes fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, physical, and electrochemical properties, and applications of nanoscale materials pertaining to advanced electrochemical power sources. A variety of advanced nanomaterials, such as transition metal oxides, phosphates, silicates, and conversion electrodes, together with some special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, nanorods, and mesoporous carbons are discussed by many notable authorities in the field.

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources  Fundamentals  Systems  and Applications
Author: Julia Kowal,Dirk Uwe Sauer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2022-07-15
ISBN 10: 9780128199879
ISBN 13: 0128199873
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Fundamentals Systems and Applications Book Review:

Knowing the behaviour of batteries is very important for different reasons. In applications such as a vehicle energy management, it is important to know the state of the battery, e.g. what is the remaining driving range or when should the battery be replaced. Also, for the system design, simulation models are important, e.g. to design a suitable cooling system that prevents the battery from dangerous states. Simulation models of secondary batteries: From quantum physics to techno-economic scale gives an overview over the different modelling approaches for battery simulation models used for different purposes, such as battery pack design or state of charge estimation. Solutions for different applications are presented. A classification into electrical, thermal, ageing models is given as well as according to the degree of precision ranging from physico-chemical, over impedance based to energy flow or empirical models with their specific advantages and disadvantages. Overviews many different battery modelling approaches Outlines how to choose the best model for a given purpose Offers a complete range from particle to system model Includes electrical, thermal and ageing models Discusses limitations of the modelling approaches

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells
Author: Thandavarayan Maiyalagan,Viswanathan S. Saji
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2017-07-24
ISBN 10: 3527341323
ISBN 13: 9783527341320
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrocatalysts for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Book Review:

Meeting the need for a text on solutions to conditions which have so far been a drawback for this important and trend-setting technology, this monograph places special emphasis on novel, alternative catalysts of low temperature fuel cells. Comprehensive in its coverage, the text discusses not only the electrochemical, mechanistic, and material scientific background, but also provides extensive chapters on the design and fabrication of electrocatalysts. A valuable resource aimed at multidisciplinary audiences in the fields of academia and industry.

PEM Water Electrolysis

PEM Water Electrolysis
Author: Dmitri Bessarabov,Pierre Millet
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2018-08-04
ISBN 10: 0081028318
ISBN 13: 9780081028315
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PEM Water Electrolysis Book Review:

PEM Water Electrolysis, a volume in the Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cell Primers series presents the most recent advances in the field. It brings together information that has thus far been scattered in many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students. Volumes One and Two allow readers to identify technology gaps for commercially viable PEM electrolysis systems for energy applications and examine the fundamentals of PEM electrolysis and selected research topics that are top of mind for the academic and industry community, such as gas cross-over and AST protocols. The book lays the foundation for the exploration of the current industrial trends for PEM electrolysis, such as power to gas application and a strong focus on the current trends in the application of PEM electrolysis associated with energy storage. Presents the fundamentals and most current knowledge in proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers Explores the technology gaps and challenges for commercial deployment of PEM water electrolysis technologies Includes unconventional systems, such as ozone generators Brings together information from many different sources under one single title, making it a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students alike

Electrochemical Methods Fundamentals and Applications 2nd Edition

Electrochemical Methods  Fundamentals and Applications  2nd Edition
Author: Allen J. Bard,Larry R. Faulkner
Publsiher: Wiley Global Education
Total Pages: 856
Release: 2000-12-04
ISBN 10: 1118312805
ISBN 13: 9781118312803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Methods Fundamentals and Applications 2nd Edition Book Review:

A broad and comprehensive survey of the fundamentals for electrochemical methods now in widespread use. This book is meant as a textbook, and can also be used for self-study as well as for courses at the senior undergraduate and beginning graduate levels. Knowledge of physical chemistry is assumed, but the discussions start at an elementary level and develop upward. This revision comes twenty years after publication of the first edition, and provides valuable new and updated coverage.

Electrochemical Science and Technology

Electrochemical Science and Technology
Author: Keith Oldham,Jan Myland,Alan Bond
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2011-11-21
ISBN 10: 1119966841
ISBN 13: 9781119966845
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Science and Technology Book Review:

Electrochemistry is a discipline of wide scientific and technological interest. Scientifically, it explores the electrical properties of materials and especially the interfaces between different kinds of matter. Technologically, electrochemistry touches our lives in many ways that few fully appreciate; for example, materials as diverse as aluminum, nylon, and bleach are manufactured electrochemically, while the batteries that power all manner of appliances, vehicles, and devices are the products of electrochemical research. Other realms in which electrochemical science plays a crucial role include corrosion, the disinfection of water, neurophysiology, sensors, energy storage, semiconductors, the physics of thunderstorms, biomedical analysis, and so on. This book treats electrochemistry as a science in its own right, albeit resting firmly on foundations provided by chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Early chapters discuss the electrical and chemical properties of materials from which electrochemical cells are constructed. The behavior of such cells is addressed in later chapters, with emphasis on the electrodes and the reactions that occur on their surfaces. The role of transport to and from electrodes is a topic that commands attention, because it crucially determines cell efficiency. Final chapters deal with voltammetry, the methodology used to investigate electrode behavior. Interspersed among the more fundamental chapters are chapters devoted to applications of electrochemistry: electrosynthesis, power sources, “green electrochemistry”, and corrosion. Electrochemical Science and Technology is addressed to all who have a need to come to grips with the fundamentals of electrochemistry and to learn about some of its applications. It will constitute a text for a senior undergraduate or graduate course in electrochemistry. It also serves as a source of material of interest to scientists and technologists in various fields throughout academia, industry, and government – chemists, physicists, engineers, environmentalists, materials scientists, biologists, and those in related endeavors. This book: Provides a background to electrochemistry, as well as treating the topic itself. Is accessible to all with a foundation in physical science, not solely to chemists. Is addressed both to students and those later in their careers. Features web links (through www.wiley.com/go/EST) to extensive material that is of a more tangential, specialized, or mathematical nature. Includes questions as footnotes to support the reader’s evolving comprehension of the material, with fully worked answers provided on the web. Provides web access to Excel® spreadsheets which allow the reader to model electrochemical events. Has a copious Appendix of relevant data.

Modern Batteries

Modern Batteries
Author: C. Vincent,Bruno Scrosati
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 1997-09-26
ISBN 10: 0080536697
ISBN 13: 9780080536699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Batteries Book Review:

Based on the successful first edition, this book gives a general theoretical introduction to electrochemical power cells (excluding fuel cells) followed by a comprehensive treatment of the principle battery types - covering chemistry, fabrication characteristics and applications. There have been many changes in the field over the last decade and many new systems have been commercialised. Since the recent advent of battery powered consumer products (mobile phones, camcorders, lap-tops etc.) advanced power sources have become far more important. This text provides an up-to-date account of batteries which is accessible to anyone with a basic knowledge of chemistry and physics.

Handbook of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision 5th Edition

Handbook of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision  5th Edition
Author: Chi-hau Chen
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 584
Release: 2015-12-15
ISBN 10: 9814656534
ISBN 13: 9789814656535
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision 5th Edition Book Review:

The book provides an up-to-date and authoritative treatment of pattern recognition and computer vision, with chapters written by leaders in the field. On the basic methods in pattern recognition and computer vision, topics range from statistical pattern recognition to array grammars to projective geometry to skeletonization, and shape and texture measures. Recognition applications include character recognition and document analysis, detection of digital mammograms, remote sensing image fusion, and analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging data, etc.

Polymer Electrolytes

Polymer Electrolytes
Author: Tan Winie,Abdul K. Arof,Sabu Thomas
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2019-11-05
ISBN 10: 3527805435
ISBN 13: 9783527805433
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Electrolytes Book Review:

A comprehensive overview of the main characterization techniques of polymer electrolytes and their applications in electrochemical devices Polymer Electrolytes is a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the characterization and applications of polymer electrolytes. The authors ? noted experts on the topic ? discuss the various characterization methods, including impedance spectroscopy and thermal characterization. The authors also provide information on the myriad applications of polymer electrolytes in electrochemical devices, lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, solar cells and electrochromic windows. Over the past three decades, researchers have been developing new polymer electrolytes and assessed their application potential in electrochemical and electrical power generation, storage, and conversion systems. As a result, many new polymer electrolytes have been found, characterized, and applied in electrochemical and electrical devices. This important book: -Reviews polymer electrolytes, a key component in electrochemical power sources, and thus benefits scientists in both academia and industry -Provides an interdisciplinary resource spanning electrochemistry, physical chemistry, and energy applications -Contains detailed and comprehensive information on characterization and applications of polymer electrolytes Written for materials scientists, physical chemists, solid state chemists, electrochemists, and chemists in industry professions, Polymer Electrolytes is an essential resource that explores the key characterization techniques of polymer electrolytes and reveals how they are applied in electrochemical devices.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Author: Supramaniam Srinivasan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 662
Release: 2006-05-05
ISBN 10: 0387251162
ISBN 13: 9780387251165
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cells Book Review:

This concise sourcebook of the electrochemical, engineering and economic principles involved in the development and commercialization of fuel cells offers a thorough review of applications and techno-economic assessment of fuel cell technologies, plus in-depth discussion of conventional and novel approaches for generating energy. Parts I and II explain basic and applied electrochemistry relevant to an understanding of fuel cells. Part III covers engineering and technology aspects. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students and scientists interested in fuel cells. Unlike any other current book on fuel cells, each chapter includes problems based on the discussions in the text.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell
Author: Johannes Töpler,Jochen Lehmann
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2015-12-20
ISBN 10: 3662449722
ISBN 13: 9783662449721
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Book Review:

This book introduces readers to hydrogen as an essential energy carrier for use with renewable sources of primary energy. It provides an overview of the state of the art, while also highlighting the developmental and market potential of hydrogen in the context of energy technologies; mobile, stationary and portable applications; uninterruptible power supplies and in the chemical industry. Written by experienced practitioners, the book addresses the needs of engineers, chemists and business managers, as well as graduate students and researchers.