Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry
Author: Valerio Cozzani,Genserik Reniers
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2021-06-08
ISBN 10: 0081028393
ISBN 13: 9780081028391
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry Book Review:

Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry provides insights into emerging and state-of-the-art methods for the dynamic assessment of risk and safety barrier performance in the framework of domino effect risk management. The book presents methods and tools to manage the risk of cascading events involving the chemical and process industry. It is an ideal reference for both safety and security managers, industrial risk stakeholders, scientists and practitioners. In addition, laymen may find the state-of-the-art methods concerning domino effects (large-scale accidents) and how to prevent their propagation an interesting topic of study. Includes dynamic hazard and risk assessment methods Presents methods for safety barrier performance assessment Addresses the effect of harsh environment on domino risk assessment Relates physical security in relation to domino effects Includes innovative methods and tools

From Safety to Safety Science

From Safety to Safety Science
Author: Paul Swuste,Jop Groeneweg,Frank W. Guldenmund,Coen van Gulijk,Saul Lemkowitz,Yvette Oostendorp,Walter Zwaard
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2021-11-30
ISBN 10: 1000486818
ISBN 13: 9781000486810
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Safety to Safety Science Book Review:

How do accidents and disasters occur? How has knowledge of accident processes evolved? A significant improvement in safety has occurred during the past century, with the number of accidents falling spectacularly within industry, aviation and road traffic. This progress has been gradual in the context of a changing society. The improvements are partly due to a better understanding of the accident processes that ultimately lead to damage. This book shows how contemporary crises instigated the development of safety knowledge and how the safety sciences pieced their theories together by research, by experience and by taking ideas from other domains. From Safety to Safety Science details 150 years of knowledge development in the safety sciences. The authors have rigorously extracted the essence of safety knowledge development from more than 2,500 articles to provide a unique overview and insight into the background and usability of safety theories, as well as modelling how they developed and how they are used today. Extensive appendices and references provide an additional dimension to support further scholarly work in this field. The book is divided into clear time periods to make it an accessible piece of science history that will be invaluable to both new and experienced safety researchers, to safety courses and education, and to learned practitioners.

Dynamic Risk Analysis in the Chemical and Petroleum Industry

Dynamic Risk Analysis in the Chemical and Petroleum Industry
Author: Nicola Paltrinieri,Faisal Khan
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2016-08-06
ISBN 10: 0128038233
ISBN 13: 9780128038239
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic Risk Analysis in the Chemical and Petroleum Industry Book Review:

Dynamic Risk Analysis in the Chemical and Petroleum Industry focuses on bridging the gap between research and industry by responding to the following questions: What are the most relevant developments of risk analysis? How can these studies help industry in the prevention of major accidents? Paltrinieri and Khan provide support for professionals who plan to improve risk analysis by introducing innovative techniques and exploiting the potential of data share and process technologies. This concrete reference within an ever-growing variety of innovations will be most helpful to process safety managers, HSE managers, safety engineers and safety engineering students. This book is divided into four parts. The Introduction provides an overview of the state-of-the-art risk analysis methods and the most up-to-date popular definitions of accident scenarios. The second section on Dynamic Risk Analysis shows the dynamic evolution of risk analysis and covers Hazard Identification, Frequency Analysis, Consequence Analysis and Establishing the Risk Picture. The third section on Interaction with Parallel Disciplines illustrates the interaction between risk analysis and other disciplines from parallel fields, such as the nuclear, the economic and the financial sectors. The final section on Dynamic Risk Management addresses risk management, which may dynamically learn from itself and improve in a spiral process leading to a resilient system. Helps dynamic analysis and management of risk in chemical and process industry Provides industry examples and techniques to assist you with risk- based decision making Addresses also the human, economic and reputational aspects composing the overall risk picture

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects
Author: Chao Chen,Genserik Reniers,Ming Yang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2021-10-30
ISBN 10: 3030889114
ISBN 13: 9783030889111
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects Book Review:

This book provides insight into domino effects in industrial chemical sites and process industries. It is about the integration of safety and security resources to prevent and mitigate domino effects in the process industries. It explains how chemical industrial areas, comprised of various hazardous installations, are susceptible to a chain of undesired events, or domino effects, triggered by accidental events or intentional attacks and then presents solutions to prevent them. Firstly, the book provides a dynamic graph approach to model the domino effects induced by accidental fire or intentional fire, considering the spatial-temporal evolution of fires. Then, a dynamic risk assessment method based on a discrete dynamic event tree is proposed to assess the likelihood of VCEs and the vulnerability of installations, addressing the time dependencies in vapor cloud dispersion and the uncertainty of delayed ignitions. A dynamic methodology based on dynamic graphs and Monte Carlo is provided to assess the vulnerability of individuals and installations exposed to multi-hazards, such as fire, explosion and toxic release during escalation events. Based on these domino effect models, an economic approach is developed to integrate safe and security resources, obtaining the most cost–benefit protection strategy for preventing domino effects. Finally, a resilience-based approach is provided to find out the most cost-resilient way to protect chemical industrial areas, addressing possible domino effects. This integrated approach will be of interest to researchers, industrial engineers, chemical engineers and safety managers and will help professionals to new solutions in the area of safety and security.

Risk Reliability and Safety Innovating Theory and Practice

Risk  Reliability and Safety  Innovating Theory and Practice
Author: Lesley Walls,Matthew Revie,Tim Bedford
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2016-11-25
ISBN 10: 149878898X
ISBN 13: 9781498788984
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk Reliability and Safety Innovating Theory and Practice Book Review:

Risk, Reliability and Safety contains papers describing innovations in theory and practice contributed to the scientific programme of the European Safety and Reliability conference (ESREL 2016), held at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland (25—29 September 2016). Authors include scientists, academics, practitioners, regulators and other key individuals with expertise and experience relevant to specific areas. Papers include domain specific applications as well as general modelling methods. Papers cover evaluation of contemporary solutions, exploration of future challenges, and exposition of concepts, methods and processes. Topics include human factors, occupational health and safety, dynamic and systems reliability modelling, maintenance optimisation, uncertainty analysis, resilience assessment, risk and crisis management.

Security Risk Assessment

Security Risk Assessment
Author: Genserik Reniers,Nima Khakzad,Pieter Van Gelder
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 201
Release: 2017-11-20
ISBN 10: 311049776X
ISBN 13: 9783110497762
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Security Risk Assessment Book Review:

This book deals with the state-of-the-art of physical security knowledge and research in the chemical and process industries. Legislation differences between Europe and the USA are investigated, followed by an overview of the how, what and why of contemporary security risk assessment in this particular industrial sector. Innovative solutions such as attractiveness calculations and the use of game theory, advancing the present science of adversarial risk analysis, are discussed. The book further stands up for developing and employing dynamic security risk assessments, for instance based on Bayesian networks, and using OR methods to truly move security forward in the chemical and process industries.

Domino Effect Its Prediction and Prevention

Domino Effect  Its Prediction and Prevention
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2021-07-09
ISBN 10: 0323915167
ISBN 13: 9780323915168
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Domino Effect Its Prediction and Prevention Book Review:

Domino Effect: Its Prediction and Prevention, Volume Five in the Methods in Chemical Process Safety series, focuses on the process of learning from experience, including elements of process safety management, human factors in the chemical process industries, and the regulation of chemical process safety, including current approaches. Users will find this book to be an informative tool and user manual for process safety for a variety of professionals. This new release focuses on Domino effect – Case histories and accident statistics, the state-of-the-art in domino effect modeling, Fire Driven Domino Effect, Mitigation of Domino Effect, and much more. Acquaints readers/researchers with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions from a practical point-of-view Gives readers the views/opinions of experts on each topic

Natech Risk Assessment and Management

Natech Risk Assessment and Management
Author: Elisabeth Krausmann,Ana Maria Cruz,Ernesto Salzano
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2016-11-01
ISBN 10: 0128038799
ISBN 13: 9780128038796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natech Risk Assessment and Management Book Review:

Natech Risk Assessment and Management: Reducing the Risk of Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Installations covers the entire spectrum of issues pertinent to Natech risk assessment and management. After a thorough introduction of the topic that includes definitions of terms, authors Krausmann, Cruz, and Salzano discuss various examples of international frameworks and provide a detailed view of the implementation of Natech Risk Management in the EU and OECD. There is a dedicated chapter on natural-hazard prediction and measurement from an engineering perspective, as well as a consideration of the impact of climate change on Natech risk. The authors also discuss selected Natech accidents, including recent examples, and provide specific ‘lessons learned’ from each, as well as an analysis of all essential elements of Natech risk assessment, such as plant layout, substance hazards, and equipment vulnerability. The final section of the book is dedicated to the reduction of Natech risk, including structural and organizational prevention and mitigation measures, as well as early warning issues and emergency foreword planning. Teaches chemical engineers and safety managers how to safeguard chemical processing plants and pipelines against natural disasters Includes international regulations and explains how to conduct a natural hazards risk assessment, both of which are supported by examples and case studies Discusses a broad range of hazards and the multidisciplinary aspects of risk assessment in a detailed and accessible style

Engineering Risk Management

Engineering Risk Management
Author: Thierry Meyer,Genserik Reniers
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2022-04-04
ISBN 10: 3110665336
ISBN 13: 9783110665338
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Risk Management Book Review:

This revised and updated 3rd edition of Engineering Risk Management presents management principles, risk diagnostics, analysis and treatment methods, followed by examples of practical implementation in chemistry, physics, and nanotechnology. An all-new chapter on dynamic risk assessment makes this a uniquely up-to-date and comprehensive treatise on engineering risk management theory and strategies.

The Science and Practice of Resilience

The Science and Practice of Resilience
Author: Igor Linkov,Benjamin D. Trump
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2019-01-17
ISBN 10: 303004565X
ISBN 13: 9783030045654
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science and Practice of Resilience Book Review:

This book offers a comprehensive view on resilience based upon state-of-the-science theories and methodological applications that resilience may fill. Specifically, this text provides a compendium of knowledge on the theory, methods, and practice of resilience across a variety of country and case contexts, and demonstrates how a resilience-based approach can help further improved infrastructure, vibrant societies, and sustainable environments and ecologies, among many others. Resilience is a term with thousands of years of history. Only recently has resilience been applied to the management of complex interconnected systems, yet its impact as a governing philosophy and an engineering practice has been pronounced. Colloquially, resilience has been used as a synonym for ‘bouncing back’. Philosophically and methodologically, however, it is much more. In a world defined by interconnected and interdependent systems such as water, food, energy, transportation, and the internet, a sudden and unexpected disruption to one critical system can lead to significant challenges for many others. The Science and Practice of Resilience is beneficial for those seeking to gain a rich knowledge of the resilience world, as well as for practitioners looking for methods and tools by which resilience may be applied in real-world contexts.

Fires Explosions and Toxic Gas Dispersions

Fires  Explosions  and Toxic Gas Dispersions
Author: Marc J. Assael,Konstantinos E. Kakosimos
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2010-02-23
ISBN 10: 9781439826768
ISBN 13: 1439826765
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fires Explosions and Toxic Gas Dispersions Book Review:

Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World

Safety and Reliability     Safe Societies in a Changing World
Author: Stein Haugen,Anne Barros,Coen van Gulijk,Trond Kongsvik,Jan Erik Vinnem
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 3202
Release: 2018-06-15
ISBN 10: 1351174649
ISBN 13: 9781351174640
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety and Reliability Safe Societies in a Changing World Book Review:

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World collects the papers presented at the 28th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2018 in Trondheim, Norway, June 17-21, 2018. The contributions cover a wide range of methodologies and application areas for safety and reliability that contribute to safe societies in a changing world. These methodologies and applications include: - foundations of risk and reliability assessment and management - mathematical methods in reliability and safety - risk assessment - risk management - system reliability - uncertainty analysis - digitalization and big data - prognostics and system health management - occupational safety - accident and incident modeling - maintenance modeling and applications - simulation for safety and reliability analysis - dynamic risk and barrier management - organizational factors and safety culture - human factors and human reliability - resilience engineering - structural reliability - natural hazards - security - economic analysis in risk management Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World will be invaluable to academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors: offshore oil and gas, nuclear engineering, aeronautics and aerospace, marine transport and engineering, railways, road transport, automotive engineering, civil engineering, critical infrastructures, electrical and electronic engineering, energy production and distribution, environmental engineering, information technology and telecommunications, insurance and finance, manufacturing, marine transport, mechanical engineering, security and protection, and policy making.

Engineering a Safer World

Engineering a Safer World
Author: Nancy G. Leveson
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2012-01-13
ISBN 10: 0262297302
ISBN 13: 9780262297301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering a Safer World Book Review:

A new approach to safety, based on systems thinking, that is more effective, less costly, and easier to use than current techniques. Engineering has experienced a technological revolution, but the basic engineering techniques applied in safety and reliability engineering, created in a simpler, analog world, have changed very little over the years. In this groundbreaking book, Nancy Leveson proposes a new approach to safety—more suited to today's complex, sociotechnical, software-intensive world—based on modern systems thinking and systems theory. Revisiting and updating ideas pioneered by 1950s aerospace engineers in their System Safety concept, and testing her new model extensively on real-world examples, Leveson has created a new approach to safety that is more effective, less expensive, and easier to use than current techniques. Arguing that traditional models of causality are inadequate, Leveson presents a new, extended model of causation (Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes, or STAMP), then shows how the new model can be used to create techniques for system safety engineering, including accident analysis, hazard analysis, system design, safety in operations, and management of safety-critical systems. She applies the new techniques to real-world events including the friendly-fire loss of a U.S. Blackhawk helicopter in the first Gulf War; the Vioxx recall; the U.S. Navy SUBSAFE program; and the bacterial contamination of a public water supply in a Canadian town. Leveson's approach is relevant even beyond safety engineering, offering techniques for “reengineering” any large sociotechnical system to improve safety and manage risk.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
Author: Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2013-07-08
ISBN 10: 0444543244
ISBN 13: 9780444543240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Domino Effects in the Process Industries Book Review:

Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed

Advances in Fire and Process Safety

Advances in Fire and Process Safety
Author: N. A. Siddiqui,S. M. Tauseef,S. A. Abbasi,Ali S. Rangwala
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2018-01-08
ISBN 10: 9811072817
ISBN 13: 9789811072819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Fire and Process Safety Book Review:

This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Health, Safety, Fire, Environment, and Allied Sciences (HSFEA 2016). The book highlights the latest developments in the field of science and technology aimed at improving health and safety in the workplace. The volume comprises content from leading scientists, engineers, and policy makers. The papers included in this volume look at identifying the limitations of the existing approaches and open new avenues for future research. The book also looks at the accident and work-health records, specifically in Asian countries, and discusses measures to improve the Asian standards and implementation issues with regards to workplace health and safety. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers alike.

Surviving and Thriving in Uncertainty

Surviving and Thriving in Uncertainty
Author: Frederick Funston,Stephen Wagner
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2010-06-03
ISBN 10: 9780470617489
ISBN 13: 0470617489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surviving and Thriving in Uncertainty Book Review:

A new book to help senior executives and boards get smart about risk management The ability of businesses to survive and thrive often requires unconventional thinking and calculated risk taking. The key is to make the right decisions—even under the most risky, uncertain, and turbulent conditions. In the new book, Surviving and Thriving in Uncertainty: Creating the Risk Intelligent Enterprise, authors Rick Funston and Steve Wagner suggest that effective risk taking is needed in order to innovate, stay competitive, and drive value creation. Based on their combined decades of experience as practitioners, consultants, and advisors to numerous business professionals throughout the world, Funston and Wagner discuss the adoption of 10 essential and practical skills, which will improve agility, resilience, and realize benefits: Challenging basic business assumptions can help identify "Black Swans" and provide first-mover advantage Defining the corporate risk appetite and risk tolerances can help reduce the risk of ruin. Anticipating potential causes of failure can improve chances of survival and success through improved preparedness. Factoring in velocity and momentum can improve speed of response and recovery. Verifying sources and the reliability of information can improve insights for decision making and thus decision quality. Taking a longer-term perspective can aid in identifying the potential unintended consequences of short-term decisions.

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Future Global Shocks Improving Risk Governance

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Future Global Shocks Improving Risk Governance
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2011-08-04
ISBN 10: 9264114580
ISBN 13: 9789264114586
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Future Global Shocks Improving Risk Governance Book Review:

This report provides strategic advice on preparing for and responding to potential global shocks.

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation s Electricity System

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation s Electricity System
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2017-10-25
ISBN 10: 0309463076
ISBN 13: 9780309463072
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation s Electricity System Book Review:

Americans' safety, productivity, comfort, and convenience depend on the reliable supply of electric power. The electric power system is a complex "cyber-physical" system composed of a network of millions of components spread out across the continent. These components are owned, operated, and regulated by thousands of different entities. Power system operators work hard to assure safe and reliable service, but large outages occasionally happen. Given the nature of the system, there is simply no way that outages can be completely avoided, no matter how much time and money is devoted to such an effort. The system's reliability and resilience can be improved but never made perfect. Thus, system owners, operators, and regulators must prioritize their investments based on potential benefits. Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System focuses on identifying, developing, and implementing strategies to increase the power system's resilience in the face of events that can cause large-area, long-duration outages: blackouts that extend over multiple service areas and last several days or longer. Resilience is not just about lessening the likelihood that these outages will occur. It is also about limiting the scope and impact of outages when they do occur, restoring power rapidly afterwards, and learning from these experiences to better deal with events in the future.

Offshore Risk Assessment

Offshore Risk Assessment
Author: Jan-Erik Vinnem
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2007-06-02
ISBN 10: 1846287170
ISBN 13: 9781846287176
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Offshore Risk Assessment Book Review:

Offshore Risk Assessment was the first book to deal with quantified risk assessment (QRA) as applied specifically to offshore installations and operations. This book is a major revision of the first edition. It has been informed by a major R&D programme on offshore risk assessment in Norway (2002-2006). Not only does this book describe the state-of-the-art of QRA, it also identifies weaknesses and areas that need development.

CoMap Mapping Contagion in the Euro Area Banking Sector

CoMap  Mapping Contagion in the Euro Area Banking Sector
Author: Mehmet Ziya Gorpe,Giovanni Covi,Christoffer Kok
Publsiher: International Monetary Fund
Total Pages: 63
Release: 2019-05-10
ISBN 10: 1498312071
ISBN 13: 9781498312073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CoMap Mapping Contagion in the Euro Area Banking Sector Book Review:

This paper presents a novel approach to investigate and model the network of euro area banks’ large exposures within the global banking system. Drawing on a unique dataset, the paper documents the degree of interconnectedness and systemic risk of the euro area banking system based on bilateral linkages. We develop a Contagion Mapping model fully calibrated with bank-level data to study the contagion potential of an exogenous shock via credit and funding risks. We find that tipping points shifting the euro area banking system from a less vulnerable state to a highly vulnerable state are a non-linear function of the combination of network structures and bank-specific characteristics.