Design and Optimization of Biogas Energy Systems

Design and Optimization of Biogas Energy Systems
Author: Prashant Baredar,Vikas Khare,Savita Nema
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-06-18
ISBN 10: 0128227192
ISBN 13: 9780128227190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design and Optimization of Biogas Energy Systems Book Review:

Design and Optimization of Biogas Energy Systems presents an overview on planning, implementing, assessing and optimizing biogas systems, from fuel conversion to power generation. The book introduces the fundamental elements of bioenergy systems, highlighting the specificities of biogas systems. It discusses the current state of their adoption at a global level and the challenges faced by designers and operators. Methods for sizing, simulating and modeling are discussed, including prefeasibility analysis, available production processes, integration into hybrid energy systems, and the application of Big Data analysis and game theory concepts. All chapters include real-life examples and exercises to illustrate the topics being covered. The book goes beyond theory to offer practical knowledge of methods to reach solutions to key challenges in the field. This is a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and graduate students interested in developing smart, reliable and sustainable biogas technologies. Provides an applied approach to biogas systems, from technology fundamentals, to economic and environmental assessment Explores control methods and reliability prediction of each system component, including modeling and simulation with HOMER and MATLAB Discusses the use of Big Data analysis, numerical methods, and Game Theory for plant assessment

Advancement in Materials Manufacturing and Energy Engineering Vol I

Advancement in Materials  Manufacturing and Energy Engineering  Vol  I
Author: Puneet Verma,Olusegun D. Samuel,Tikendra Nath Verma,Gaurav Dwivedi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2022-01-02
ISBN 10: 9811653712
ISBN 13: 9789811653711
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancement in Materials Manufacturing and Energy Engineering Vol I Book Review:

This book (Vol. I) presents select proceedings of the conference on “Advancement in Materials, Manufacturing, and Energy Engineering (ICAMME 2021).” It discusses the latest materials, manufacturing processes, evaluation of materials properties for the application in automotive, aerospace, marine, locomotive, and energy sectors. The topics covered include advanced metal forming, bending, welding and casting techniques, recycling and re-manufacturing of materials and components, materials processing, characterization and applications, materials, composites and polymer manufacturing, powder metallurgy and ceramic forming, numerical modeling and simulation, advanced machining processes, functionally graded materials, non-destructive examination, optimization techniques, engineering materials, heat treatment, material testing, MEMS integration, energy materials, bio-materials, metamaterials, metallography, nanomaterial, SMART materials, bioenergy, fuel cell, and superalloys. The book will be useful for students, researchers, and professionals interested in interdisciplinary topics in the areas of materials, manufacturing, and energy sectors.

Reactor and Process Design in Sustainable Energy Technology

Reactor and Process Design in Sustainable Energy Technology
Author: Fan Shi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2016-06
ISBN 10: 9780444638342
ISBN 13: 0444638342
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactor and Process Design in Sustainable Energy Technology Book Review:

Reactor Process Design in Sustainable Energy Technology compiles and explains current developments in reactor and process design in sustainable energy technologies, including optimization and scale-up methodologies and numerical methods. Sustainable energy technologies that require more efficient means of converting and utilizing energy can help provide for burgeoning global energy demand while reducing anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions associated with energy production. The book, contributed by an international team of academic and industry experts in the field, brings numerous reactor design cases to readers based on their valuable experience from lab R&D scale to industry levels. It is the first to emphasize reactor engineering in sustainable energy technology discussing design. It provides comprehensive tools and information to help engineers and energy professionals learn, design, and specify chemical reactors and processes confidently. Emphasis on reactor engineering in sustainable energy technology Up-to-date overview of the latest reaction engineering techniques in sustainable energy topics Expert accounts of reactor types, processing, and optimization Figures and tables designed to comprehensively present concepts and procedures Hundreds of citations drawing on many most recent and previously published works on the subject

Advanced Technologies for Solar Photovoltaics Energy Systems

Advanced Technologies for Solar Photovoltaics Energy Systems
Author: Saad Motahhir,Ali M. Eltamaly
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2021-04-26
ISBN 10: 3030645657
ISBN 13: 9783030645656
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Technologies for Solar Photovoltaics Energy Systems Book Review:

This book presents a detailed description, analysis, comparison of the latest research and developments in photovoltaic energy. Discussing everything from semiconductors to system integration, and applying various advanced technologies to stand alone and electric utility interfaced in normal and abnormal operating conditions of PV systems, this book provides a thorough introduction to the topic. This book brings together research from around the world, covering the use of technologies such as embedded systems, the Internet of things and blockchain technologies for PV systems for different applications including controllers, solar trackers and cooling systems. The book is of interest to electronic and mechanical engineers, researchers and students in the field of photovoltaics.

Standalone Renewable Energy Systems

Standalone Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Rodolfo Dufo-López,José L. Bernal-Agustín
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2020-06-23
ISBN 10: 3039361848
ISBN 13: 9783039361847
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Standalone Renewable Energy Systems Book Review:

Standalone (off-grid) renewable energy systems supply electricity in places where there is no access to a standard electrical grid. These systems may include photovoltaic generators, wind turbines, hydro turbines or any other renewable electrical generator. Usually, this kind of system includes electricity storage (commonly lead-acid batteries, but also other types of storage can be used). In some cases, a backup generator (usually powered by fossil fuel, diesel or gasoline) is part of the hybrid system. The modelling of the components, the control of the system and the simulation of the performance of the whole system are necessary to evaluate the system technically and economically. The optimization of the sizing and/or the control is also an important task in this kind of system.

Waste to Resource System Design for Low Carbon Circular Economy

Waste to Resource System Design for Low Carbon Circular Economy
Author: Siming You
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2022-01-31
ISBN 10: 012822682X
ISBN 13: 9780128226827
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste to Resource System Design for Low Carbon Circular Economy Book Review:

Waste-to-Resource System Design for Low-Carbon Circular Economy equips the user with the necessary knowledge to carry out the preliminary design and optimization of economically viable and environmentally friendly waste-to-resource systems. This book covers the state-of-the-art development of technologies and processes in terms of six types of bioresources (i.e. energy, biohydrogen, biomethane, bioethanol, biodiesel, and biochar) that are recoverable from waste. The focused technologies and processes, such as anaerobic digestion, fermentation, pyrolysis, gasification, and transesterification are being widely applied—or have the potential to be used—towards sustainable waste management. It also covers the methods needed for the design and optimization of waste-to-resource systems, i.e., multiobjective optimization, cost-benefit analysis, and life cycle assessment, as well as systematic and representative databases on the parameters of the processes, costs, and the advantages and disadvantages of technologies. Finally, the book adopts a problem-based method to facilitate audiences to quickly gain the knowledge and skill of designing and optimizing waste-to-resource systems. Includes an up-to-date understanding of the fundamentals and mechanisms of promising waste-to-resource technologies and processes Describes the methods that are needed for the design and optimization of waste-to-resource systems, i.e., multiobjective optimization, cost-benefit analysis, and life cycle assessment Provides systematic and representative databases on the parameters of the processes, costs, and advantages and disadvantages of different waste-to-resource systems Covers different types of waste-to-resource technologies, categorized into waste-to-energy, waste-to-biohydrogen, waste-to-biomethane, waste-to-bioethanol, waste-to-biodiesel, and waste-to-biochar

Optimization of Energy Systems

Optimization of Energy Systems
Author: Ibrahim Dincer,Marc A. Rosen,Pouria Ahmadi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN 10: 111889443X
ISBN 13: 9781118894439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optimization of Energy Systems Book Review:

An essential resource for optimizing energy systems to enhance design capability, performance and sustainability Optimization of Energy Systems comprehensively describes the thermodynamic modelling, analysis and optimization of numerous types of energy systems in various applications. It provides a new understanding of the system and the process of defining proper objective functions for determination of the most suitable design parameters for achieving enhanced efficiency, cost effectiveness and sustainability. Beginning with a general summary of thermodynamics, optimization techniques and optimization methods for thermal components, the book goes on to describe how to determine the most appropriate design parameters for more complex energy systems using various optimization methods. The results of each chapter provide potential tools for design, analysis, performance improvement, and greenhouse gas emissions reduction. Key features: Comprehensive coverage of the modelling, analysis and optimization of many energy systems for a variety of applications. Examples, practical applications and case studies to put theory into practice. Study problems at the end of each chapter that foster critical thinking and skill development. Written in an easy-to-follow style, starting with simple systems and moving to advanced energy systems and their complexities. A unique resource for understanding cutting-edge research in the thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a wide range of energy systems, Optimization of Energy Systems is suitable for graduate and senior undergraduate students, researchers, engineers, practitioners, and scientists in the area of energy systems.

Design Optimization of Renewable Energy Systems Using Advanced Optimization Algorithms

Design Optimization of Renewable Energy Systems Using Advanced Optimization Algorithms
Author: Venkata Rao Ravipudi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3030955893
ISBN 13: 9783030955892
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design Optimization of Renewable Energy Systems Using Advanced Optimization Algorithms Book Review:

Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading

Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading
Author: Nabin Aryal,Lars Ditlev Morck Ottosen,Michael Vedel Wegener Kofoed,Deepak Pant
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2021-03-31
ISBN 10: 0323853552
ISBN 13: 9780323853552
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading Book Review:

Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading systematically summarizes the fundamental principles and the state-of-the-art of biogas cleaning and upgrading technologies, with special emphasis on biological processes for carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), siloxane, and hydrocarbon removal. After analyzing the global scenario of biogas production, upgrading and utilization, this book discusses the integration of methanation processes to power-to-gas systems for methane (CH4) production and physiochemical upgrading technologies, such as chemical absorption, water scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption and the use of membranes. It then explores more recent and sustainable upgrading technologies, such as photosynthetic processes using algae, hydrogen-mediated microbial techniques, electrochemical, bioelectrochemical, and cryogenic approaches. H2S removal with biofilters is also covered, as well as removal of siloxanes through polymerization, peroxidation, biological degradation and gas-liquid absorption. The authors also thoroughly consider issues of mass transfer limitation in biomethanation from waste gas, biogas upgrading and life cycle assessment of upgrading technologies, techno-economic aspects, challenges for upscaling, and future trends. Providing specific information on biogas upgrading technology, and focusing on the most recent developments, Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading is a unique resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the field of biogas production and utilization, including waste-to-energy and power-to-gas. It is also useful for entrepreneurs, consultants, and decision-makers in governmental agencies in the fields of sustainable energy, environmental protection, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, and strategic planning. Explores all major technologies for biogas upgrading through physiochemical, biological, and electrochemical processes Discusses CO2, H2S, and siloxane removal techniques Provides a systematical approach to discuss technologies, including challenges to gas–liquid mass transfer, life cycle assessment, technoeconomic implications, upscaling and systems integration

Solar Energy Update

Solar Energy Update
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 884
Release: 1984
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015024361498
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Energy Update Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Radenka Maric
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2020-12-09
ISBN 10: 1466561173
ISBN 13: 9781466561175
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Fundamental Principles to Complete Systems is a valuable resource for beginners, experienced researchers, and developers of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). It provides a fundamental understanding of SOFCs by covering the present state-of-the-art as well as ongoing research and future challenges to be solved. It discusses current and future materials, and provides an overview of development activities with a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics, industrial data, and advances in technology. Provides an understanding of the operating principles of SOFCs Discusses state-of-the-art materials, technologies, and processes Includes a review of the current industry and lessons learned Offers a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics of SOFC manufacture Covers significant technical challenges that remain to be solved Presents the status of government activities, industry, and market This book is aimed at electrochemists, batteries and fuel cell engineers, alternative energy scientists, and professionals in materials science.

Renewable Energies for Sustainable Development

Renewable Energies for Sustainable Development
Author: M. Dolores Esteban,José-Santos López-Gutiérrez,Vicente Negro
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2021-08-18
ISBN 10: 3036513825
ISBN 13: 9783036513829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energies for Sustainable Development Book Review:

In the current scenario in which climate change dominates our lives and in which we all need to combat and drastically reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, renewable energies play key roles as present and future energy sources. Renewable energies vary across a wide range, and therefore, there are related studies for each type of energy. This Special Issue is composed of studies integrating the latest research innovations and knowledge focused on all types of renewable energy: onshore and offshore wind, photovoltaic, solar, biomass, geothermal, waves, tides, hydro, etc. Authors were invited submit review and research papers focused on energy resource estimation, all types of TRL converters, civil infrastructure, electrical connection, environmental studies, licensing and development of facilities, construction, operation and maintenance, mechanical and structural analysis, new materials for these facilities, etc. Analyses of a combination of several renewable energies as well as storage systems to progress the development of these sustainable energies were welcomed.

Renewable Energy Systems

Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Ahmad Taher Azar,Nashwa Ahmad Kamal
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 732
Release: 2021-09-09
ISBN 10: 0128203986
ISBN 13: 9780128203989
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energy Systems Book Review:

Renewable Energy Systems: Modelling, Optimization and Control aims to cross-pollinate recent advances in the study of renewable energy control systems by bringing together diverse scientific breakthroughs on the modeling, control and optimization of renewable energy systems by leading researchers. The book brings together the most comprehensive collection of modeling, control theorems and optimization techniques to help solve many scientific issues for researchers in renewable energy and control engineering. Many multidisciplinary applications are discussed, including new fundamentals, modeling, analysis, design, realization and experimental results. The book also covers new circuits and systems to help researchers solve many nonlinear problems. This book fills the gaps between different interdisciplinary applications, ranging from mathematical concepts, modeling, and analysis, up to the realization and experimental work. Covers modeling, control theorems and optimization techniques which will solve many scientific issues for researchers in renewable energy Discusses many multidisciplinary applications with new fundamentals, modeling, analysis, design, realization and experimental results Includes new circuits and systems, helping researchers solve many nonlinear problems

Tidal Energy Systems

Tidal Energy Systems
Author: Vikas Khare,Cheshta Khare,Savita Nema,Prashant Baredar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2018-10-12
ISBN 10: 0128148829
ISBN 13: 9780128148822
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tidal Energy Systems Book Review:

Tidal Energy Systems: Design, Optimization and Control provides a comprehensive overview of concepts, technologies, management and the control of tidal energy systems and tidal power plants. It presents the fundamentals of tidal energy, including the structure of tidal currents and turbulence. Technology, principles, components, operation, and a performance assessment of each component are also covered. Other sections consider pre-feasibility analysis methods, plant operation, maintenance and power generation, reliability assessment in terms of failure distribution, constant failure rate and the time dependent failure model. Finally, the most recent research advances and future trends are reviewed. In addition, applicable real-life examples and a case study of India’s tidal energy scenario are included. The book provides ocean energy researchers, practitioners and graduate students with all the information needed to design, deploy, manage and operate tidal energy systems. Senior undergraduate students will also find this to be a useful resource on the fundamentals of tidal energy systems and their components. Presents the fundamentals of tidal energy, including system components, pre-feasibility analysis, and plant management, operations and control Explores concepts of sustainability and a reliability analysis of tidal energy systems, as well as their economic aspects and future trends Covers the assessment of tidal energy systems by optimization technique and game theory

Hybrid Energy Systems

Hybrid Energy Systems
Author: Yatish T. Shah
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2021-04-05
ISBN 10: 1000368548
ISBN 13: 9781000368543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hybrid Energy Systems Book Review:

Hybrid Energy Systems: Strategy for Industrial Decarbonization demonstrates how hybrid energy and processes can decarbonize energy industry needs for power and heating and cooling. It describes the role of hybrid energy and processes in nine major industry sectors and discusses how hybrid energy can offer sustainable solutions in each. Introduces the basics and examples of hybrid energy systems Examines hybrid energy and processes in coal, oil and gas, nuclear, building, vehicle, manufacturing and industrial processes, computing and portable electronic, district heating and cooling, and water sectors Shows that hybrid processes can improve efficiency and that hybrid energy can effectively insert renewable fuels in the energy industry Serves as a companion text to the author’s book Hybrid Power: Generation, Storage, and Grids Written for advanced students, researchers, and industry professionals involved in energy-related processes and plants, this book offers latest research and practical strategies for application of the innovative field of hybrid energy.

Design Analysis and Applications of Renewable Energy Systems

Design  Analysis and Applications of Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Ahmad Taher Azar,Nashwa Ahmad Kamal
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 760
Release: 2021-09-09
ISBN 10: 0323859917
ISBN 13: 9780323859912
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design Analysis and Applications of Renewable Energy Systems Book Review:

Design, Analysis and Applications of Renewable Energy Systems covers recent advancements in the study of renewable energy control systems by bringing together diverse scientific breakthroughs on the modeling, control and optimization of renewable energy systems as conveyed by leading energy systems engineering researchers. The book focuses on present novel solutions for many problems in the field, covering modeling, control theorems and the optimization techniques that will help solve many scientific issues for researchers. Multidisciplinary applications are also discussed, along with their fundamentals, modeling, analysis, design, realization and experimental results. This book fills the gaps between different interdisciplinary applications, ranging from mathematical concepts, modeling, and analysis, up to the realization and experimental work. Presents some of the latest innovative approaches to renewable energy systems from the point-of-view of dynamic modeling, system analysis, optimization, control and circuit design Focuses on advances related to optimization techniques for renewable energy and forecasting using machine learning methods Includes new circuits and systems, helping researchers solve many nonlinear problems

Artificial Intelligence for Renewable Energy Systems

Artificial Intelligence for Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Ajay Kumar Vyas,S. Balamurugan,Kamal Kant Hiran,Harsh S. Dhiman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2022-03-02
ISBN 10: 1119761697
ISBN 13: 9781119761693
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence for Renewable Energy Systems Book Review:

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS Renewable energy systems, including solar, wind, biodiesel, hybrid energy, and other relevant types, have numerous advantages compared to their conventional counterparts. This book presents the application of machine learning and deep learning techniques for renewable energy system modeling, forecasting, and optimization for efficient system design. Due to the importance of renewable energy in today’s world, this book was designed to enhance the reader’s knowledge based on current developments in the field. For instance, the extraction and selection of machine learning algorithms for renewable energy systems, forecasting of wind and solar radiation are featured in the book. Also highlighted are intelligent data, renewable energy informatics systems based on supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA); and intelligent condition monitoring of solar and wind energy systems. Moreover, an AI-based system for real-time decision-making for renewable energy systems is presented; and also demonstrated is the prediction of energy consumption in green buildings using machine learning. The chapter authors also provide both experimental and real datasets with great potential in the renewable energy sector, which apply machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) algorithms that will be helpful for economic and environmental forecasting of the renewable energy business. Audience The primary target audience includes research scholars, industry engineers, and graduate students working in renewable energy, electrical engineering, machine learning, information & communication technology.

Advanced Statistical Modeling Forecasting and Fault Detection in Renewable Energy Systems

Advanced Statistical Modeling  Forecasting  and Fault Detection in Renewable Energy Systems
Author: Fouzi Harrou,Ying Sun
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2020-04-01
ISBN 10: 1838800913
ISBN 13: 9781838800918
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Statistical Modeling Forecasting and Fault Detection in Renewable Energy Systems Book Review:

Fault detection, control, and forecasting have a vital role in renewable energy systems (Photovoltaics (PV) and wind turbines (WTs)) to improve their productivity, ef?ciency, and safety, and to avoid expensive maintenance. For instance, the main crucial and challenging issue in solar and wind energy production is the volatility of intermittent power generation due mainly to weather conditions. This fact usually limits the integration of PV systems and WTs into the power grid. Hence, accurately forecasting power generation in PV and WTs is of great importance for daily/hourly efficient management of power grid production, delivery, and storage, as well as for decision-making on the energy market. Also, accurate and prompt fault detection and diagnosis strategies are required to improve efficiencies of renewable energy systems, avoid the high cost of maintenance, and reduce risks of fire hazards, which could affect both personnel and installed equipment. This book intends to provide the reader with advanced statistical modeling, forecasting, and fault detection techniques in renewable energy systems.

Optimization Design and Construction of an Experimental Biogas System in a Small Dairy in Colombia

Optimization  Design and Construction of an Experimental Biogas System in a Small Dairy in Colombia
Author: Juan Alvaro Gil Donato
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:956445561
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optimization Design and Construction of an Experimental Biogas System in a Small Dairy in Colombia Book Review:

With the global population reaching approximately 9.7 billion by 2050, questions on how life's necessities - food, energy, water, and infrastructure - will be supplied are becoming more relevant. These necessities generate specific challenges and demand prompt and appropriate solutions. Energy, with its ability to power cities, industry, rural farms, and everyday households, poses a challenge to many regions of the world, especially to those populations located outside major metropolises. This is part of the reason why the development and implementation of alternative energies are being held in the forefront of affordable sustainability. Alternative energies have already played a critical role in today's world by providing on-site energy generation with the adoption of different technologies. For example, anaerobic digestion (AD) is a technology that is being employed by rural communities in emerging countries to improve the quality of life. This alternative technology offers several benefits that could address some of the energy and environmental needs that these communities have incurred. Among those benefits, AD provides clean fuel for cooking, heating, and electricity generation. It is also used to treat wastewater, capture greenhouse gases (GHGs), and produce as an excellent fertilizer for crops. These benefits are more evident in agricultural operations where biomass residues can be used to generate heating or electric energy while offsetting part or all of the operational costs. Biogas systems can be a practical and cost-effective solution to energy generation, allowing small, remote, urban, or rural communities to establish and take full advantage of the benefits. Countries all over the world are promoting and incentivizing rural communities and farms to adopt and utilize this technology, substituting electricity, propane, butane, natural gas, and kerosene. Several countries in Central and South America are implementing AD on a smaller scale compared with eastern countries, normally encouraged by private and public initiatives. Colombia, as an example, is working on determining whether alternative energies should be heavily promoted and subsidized, and if programs encouraging and facilitating people to adopt renewable energies should be carried out. Several challenging factors of this technology need to be addressed to guarantee its success in the most demanding conditions. Currently, most of these solutions are neither cost-effective nor practical. Biogas systems in Colombia have been adopted, mostly by small and medium agricultural operations to generate biogas. However, the extent of the technology implementation is not known. One of the objectives of the World Bank, World Health Organization and United Nations Environmental Programme is to reduce the reliance on fuel wood as a heating and cooking system. The use of indoor biomass as a fuel has been attributed to respiratory illness at an estimated loss in human productivity of 110 million disability-adjusted life years (Putti, Tsan, Mehta, and Kammila, 2015). Exposure of children to wood and other biomass burning fumes can result in long-term respiratory illness (WHO, 2012). Due to the rural demographics and availability of costly traditional alternative energy sources being limited, biogas offers a healthy and cost-effective alternative to the traditional wood fuel option. The purpose of this research was to design an optimized, rugged, cost-effective, weather-resistant, low-maintenance biogas system, capable of withstanding UV degradation, and be puncture-resistant while staying cost-effective and easy to use and maintain. The dairy sector was selected due to its location in rural distribution, high organic content load, and large amount of water use, making it a perfect candidate for anaerobic digestion. This research project was composed of three components: (1) an evaluation phase, to determine the best concentration of solids to water ratio, (2) an optimization phase, to determine how physical chemical parameters affect biogas generation, and (3) an implementation phase, where a biogas system was designed and assembled in a dairy operation located in a rural region of Colombia. This system was designed using high-density polyethylene (HDPE) of 40 mil thickness, which has demonstrated a high resistance to environmental factors and physical damage (Topliff, thesis in preparation). This demonstration was conducted to identify construction needs, resistance, biogas output, as well as local acceptance and interest. The biogas system has the secondary benefit of enhancing micro and macro farming operation (dairy and crops) by substituting costly chemical fertilizers with the biogas effluent, increasing farm resilience and reducing operational costs. The research project was demonstrated at a field day to the local rural community of Victoria, Caldas, and also to several private and public institutions. The goal was to demonstrate the benefits of a biogas system and to address any misconceptions regarding the installation requirements, maintenance, and costs. Among the attendees were local political candidates, swine farmers, cattle ranchers, dairy/cheese producers, waste management companies, Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje -- SENA (Learning National Service), the University of Caldas, and other nearby communities interested in the project. The project proved to be a successful technical and social experience and is, at present, fully operational, generating 1m3 or three hours of continuous burning gas per day. Community members continue to visit the biogas system, to learn, and integrate biogas into their own operations. One valuable lesson was the need for a comprehensive program to involve the women in the project and to inform them of the health and environmental benefits of using clean and safe biogas.

Synergy Development in Renewables Assisted Multi carrier Systems

Synergy Development in Renewables Assisted Multi carrier Systems
Author: Majid Amidpour,Mohammad Ebadollahi,Farkhondeh Jabari,Mohammad-Reza Kolahi,Hadi Ghaebi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2022-01-15
ISBN 10: 3030907201
ISBN 13: 9783030907204
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synergy Development in Renewables Assisted Multi carrier Systems Book Review:

This book explores the different aspects of energy in human life especially expressing the advanced technologies in renewable energy resources. Due to the environmental pollution caused by fossil fuels and the non-permanent nature of these resources, the move towards the use of renewable energy has accelerated. In recent years, many attempts have been made to improve energy systems' performance by using multi-generation units, and these set-ups have been analyzed from the perspective of energy, exergy, economics, and environmental indicators. The book's primary goal is the effort to introduce new methods for assessing and upgrading the synergy. Therefore it examines sustainable practices such as water-energy-food nexus in poly-generation units, novel desalination systems, and smart greenhouses. One of the significant issues in these energy systems is the storage methods; for instance, carbon capture to reduce environmental pollution and the hydrogen store for the utilization in supplementary fuel. Also, robust optimization, uncertainty and risk-aware probabilistic analysis, energy management, and power supply of sensitive places such as oil rig platforms by renewables are examined.