Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Author: W. R. Alexander,Linda McKinley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2011-07-29
ISBN 10: 9780080468884
ISBN 13: 0080468888
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book Review:

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste presents a critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic: providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved and with extensive references to sources of more detailed information. Emphasis is very much on “deep geological disposal – at least some tens of metres below land surface and, in many cases, many hundred of metres deep. Additionally, only radioactive wastes are considered directly – even though such wastes often contain also significant chemotoxic or otherwise hazardous components. Many of the principles involved are generally applicable to other repository options (e.g. near-surface or on-surface disposal) and, indeed, to other types of hazardous waste. Presents a current critical review in designing, siting, constructing and demonsrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radwaste Addresses the fundamental principles of radioactive waste with up-to-date examples and real-world case studies Written for a multi-disciplinary audience, with an appropriate level of detail to allow a non-specialist to understand

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste
Author: Michael J Apted,Joonhong Ahn
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 802
Release: 2017-05-25
ISBN 10: 0081006527
ISBN 13: 9780081006528
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book Review:

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste, Second Edition, critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies and scientific methods relating to the implementation of the most effective approaches to the long-term, safe disposition of nuclear waste, also discussing regulatory developments and social engagement approaches as major themes. Chapters in Part One introduce the topic of geological disposal, providing an overview of near-surface, intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal, spanning low-, medium- and high-level wastes. Part Two addresses the different types of repository systems – crystalline, clay, and salt, also discussing methods of site surveying and construction. The critical safety issue of engineered barrier systems is the focus of Part Three, with coverage ranging from nuclear waste canisters, to buffer and backfill materials. Lastly, Parts Four and Five focus on safety, security, and acceptability, concentrating on repository performance assessment, then radiation protection, environmental monitoring, and social engagement. Comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded with 25% new material on topics of current importance, this is the standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Contains 25% more material on topics of current importance in this new, comprehensive edition Fully updated coverage of both near-surface/intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal in one convenient volume Goes beyond the scientific and technical aspects of disposal to include the political, regulatory, and societal issues involved, all from an international perspective

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues
Author: W. Miller,R. Alexander,N. Chapman,John C McKinley,J.A.T. Smellie
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2000-11-09
ISBN 10: 9780080553054
ISBN 13: 0080553052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes and Natural Analogues Book Review:

Many countries are currently exploring the option to dispose of highly radioactive solid wastes deep underground in purpose built, engineered repositories. A number of surface and shallow repositories for less radioactive wastes are already in operation. One of the challenges facing the nuclear industry is to demonstrate confidently that a repository will contain wastes for so long that any releases that might take place in the future will pose no significant health or environmental risk. One method for building confidence in the long-term future safety of a repository is to look at the physical and chemical processes which operate in natural and archaeological systems, and to draw appropriate parallels with the repository. For example, to understand why some uranium orebodies have remained isolated underground for billions of years. Such studies are called 'natural analogues'. This book investigates the concept of geological disposal and examines the wide range of natural analogues which have been studied. Lessons learnt from studies of archaeological and natural systems can be used to improve our capabilities for assessing the future safety of a radioactive waste repository.

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2001-07-05
ISBN 10: 0309073170
ISBN 13: 9780309073172
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Book Review:

Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

One Step at a Time

One Step at a Time
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on Principles and Operational Strategies for Staged Repository Systems
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2003-03-10
ISBN 10: 0309087082
ISBN 13: 9780309087087
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

One Step at a Time Book Review:

Compared to other large engineering projects, geologic repositories for high-level waste present distinctive challenges because: 1) they are first-of-a-kind, complex, and long-term projects that must actively manage hazardous materials for many decades: 2) they are expected to hold these hazardous materials passively safe for many millennia after repository closure; and 3) they are widely perceived to pose serious risks. As is the case for other complex projects, repository programs should proceed in stages. One Step at a Time focuses on a management approach called "adaptive staging" as a promising means to develop geologic repositories for high-level radioactive waste such as the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Adaptive staging is a learn-as-you-go process that enables project managers to continuously reevaluate and adjust the program in response to new knowledge and stakeholder input. Advice is given on how to implement staging during the construction, operation, closure, and post-closure phases of a repository program.

Considering Timescales in the Post closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Considering Timescales in the Post closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Author: OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publsiher: Bernan Assoc
Total Pages: 159
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D02833812J
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Considering Timescales in the Post closure Safety of Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book Review:

A key challenge in the development of safety cases for the deep geological disposal of radioactive waste is handling the long time frame over which the radioactive waste remains hazardous. The intrinsic hazard of the waste decreases with time, but some hazard remains for extremely long periods. Safety cases for geological disposal typically address performance and protection for thousands to millions of years into the future. Over such periods, a wide range of events and processes operating over many different timescales may affect a repository and its environment. Uncertainties in the predictability of such factors increase with time, making it increasingly difficult to provide definite assurances of a repository's performance and the protection it may provide over longer timescales. Timescales, the level of protection and the assurance of safety are all linked. Approaches to handling timescales for the geological disposal of radioactive waste are influenced by ethical principles, the evolution of the hazard over time, uncertainties in the evolution of the disposal system (and how these uncertainties themselves evolve), and the stability and predictability of the geological environment. Conversely, the approach to handling timescales can affect aspects of repository planning and implementation including regulatory requirements, siting decisions, repository design, the development and presentation of safety cases and the planning of pre- and post-closure institutional controls such as monitoring requirements. This is an area still under discussion among NEA member countries. This report reviews the current status and ongoing discussions of this issue.

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal
Author: Jonathan R. Lloyd,Andrea Cherkouk
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2020-10-22
ISBN 10: 0128186968
ISBN 13: 9780128186961
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal Book Review:

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal is a state-of-the-art reference featuring contributions focusing on the impact of microbes on the safe long-term disposal of nuclear waste. This book is the first to cover this important emerging topic, and is written for a wide audience encompassing regulators, implementers, academics, and other stakeholders. The book is also of interest to those working on the wider exploitation of the subsurface, such as bioremediation, carbon capture and storage, geothermal energy, and water quality. Planning for suitable facilities in the U.S., Europe, and Asia has been based mainly on knowledge from the geological and physical sciences. However, recent studies have shown that microbial life can proliferate in the inhospitable environments associated with radioactive waste disposal, and can control the long-term fate of nuclear materials. This can have beneficial and damaging impacts, which need to be quantified. Encompasses expertise from both the bio and geo disciplines, aiming to foster important collaborations across this disciplinary divide Includes reviews and research papers from leading groups in the field Provides helpful guidance in light of plans progressing worldwide for geological disposal facilities Includes timely research for planning and safety case development

Geologic Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Perspective

Geologic Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Perspective
Author: OECD Nuclear Energy Agency,NEA Staff,Nea,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publsiher: OECD
Total Pages: 61
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015050513236
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geologic Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Perspective Book Review:

This report reviews the progress to date in geological disposal of radioactive waste and the further steps that may be required to implement geologic disposal, taking into account both the technical and regulatory requirements, and the need to achieve an appropriate level of societal acceptance.

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Radioactive Waste Management
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 44
Release: 1999-11-07
ISBN 10: 0309067782
ISBN 13: 9780309067782
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation Book Review:

During the next several years, decisions are expected to be made in several countries on the further development and implementation of the geological disposition option. The Board on Radioactive Waste Management (BRWM) of the U.S. National Academies believes that informed and reasoned discussion of relevant scientific, engineering and social issues can-and should-play a constructive role in the decision process by providing information to decision makers on relevant technical and policy issues. A BRWM-initiated project including a workshop at Irvine, California on November 4-5, 1999, and subsequent National Academies' report to be published in spring, 2000, are intended to provide such information to national policy makers both in the U.S. and abroad. To inform national policies, it is essential that experts from the physical, geological, and engineering sciences, and experts from the policy and social science communities work together. Some national programs have involved social science and policy experts from the beginning, while other programs have only recently recognized the importance of this collaboration. An important goal of the November workshop is to facilitate dialogue between these communities, as well as to encourage the sharing of experiences from many national programs. The workshop steering committee has prepared this discussion for participants at the workshop. It should elicit critical comments and help identify topics requiring in-depth discussion at the workshop. It is not intended as a statement of findings, conclusions, or recommendations. It is rather intended as a vehicle for stimulating dialogue among the workshop participants. Out of that dialogue will emerge the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the National Academies' report.

Natural Analogue Studies in the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes

Natural Analogue Studies in the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes
Author: W.M. Miller,N. Chapman,I. McKinley,R. Alexander,J.A.T. Smellie
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2011-08-18
ISBN 10: 9780080875163
ISBN 13: 0080875165
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Analogue Studies in the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes Book Review:

The first purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive review of the state of development of natural analogue studies with emphasis on those studies which are relevant to the following repository designs: Nagra (Switzerland) disposal concepts for high-level waste/low and intermediate-level waste; SKB (Sweden) disposal concepts for spent fuel/low and intermediate-level waste; and Nirex (UK) disposal concept for low and intermediate-level waste. The book's second aim is to discuss the expanding application of natural analogues for non-performance assessment purposes, especially their potential for presenting the concept of geological disposal to various interested audiences in a coherent, understandable and scientifically legitimate manner. Much of the discussion of the book is relevant to concepts for geological disposal of radioactive wastes by other countries, and is concerned only with those physico-chemical processes which control the release of radionuclides from the near-field, and their subsequent retardation and transport in the geosphere.

Geologic Disposal of High Level Radioactive Waste

Geologic Disposal of High Level Radioactive Waste
Author: Roland Pusch,Raymond N Yong,Masashi Nakano
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2018-08-06
ISBN 10: 1351256785
ISBN 13: 9781351256780
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geologic Disposal of High Level Radioactive Waste Book Review:

Geologic Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste examines the fundamental knowledge and conditions to be considered and applied by planners and other professionals when establishing national repository concepts, and constructing repositories for the long-term isolation of highly radioactive waste from surrounding crystalline rock. It emphasizes the important roles of structural geology, hydrogeology, hydrochemistry, and construction techniques. It specifically examines the disposal of steel canisters with spent reactor fuel in mined repositories (MR) at medium-depth, and in very deep boreholes (VDH). While disposal in mined repositories has been widely tested, the option of placing high-level radioactive waste in deep boreholes has been considered in the US, UK, and elsewhere in Europe, but has not yet been tested on a broad scale. This book examines the possibility of safe disposal for very long periods, proposing that the high salt content and density of groundwater at large depths are such that potentially contaminated water would not rise high enough to affect the more shallow biosphere. Features: Presents the best practices for disposal of spent fuel from nuclear reactors. Assesses waste isolation capacities in short- and long-term perspectives, and the associated risks. Describes site selection principles and the economics of construction of different types of repositories. Includes an appendix which provides the latest international recommendations and guidelines concerning the disposal of highly radioactive waste.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation
Author: Michael I Ojovan,William E Lee,William E. Lee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN 10: 9780080455716
ISBN 13: 0080455719
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation Book Review:

Safety and environmental impact is of uppermost concern when dealing with the movement and storage of nuclear waste. The 20 chapters in 'An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation' cover all important aspects of immobilisation, from nuclear decay, to regulations, to new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used in transport: cement, bitumen and glass, with the greatest attention being given to glass. The last chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of each matrix, and on new developments of ceramics and glass composite materials, thermochemical methods and in-situ metal matrix immobilisation. The book thoroughly covers all issues surrounding nuclear waste: from where to locate nuclear waste in the environment, through nuclear waste generation and sources, treatment schemes and technologies, immobilisation technologies and waste forms, disposal and long term behaviour. Particular attention is paid to internationally approved and worldwide-applied approaches and technologies. * Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilisation: Cement, bitumen, glass and new materials. * Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste – such as treatment schemes and technologies, and disposal - at the forefront.

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Assessing the Environmental Impact

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste   Assessing the Environmental Impact
Author: A. W. Davies
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 7
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:801825271
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Assessing the Environmental Impact Book Review:

Deep Injection Disposal of Liquid Radioactive Waste in Russia

Deep Injection Disposal of Liquid Radioactive Waste in Russia
Author: Andreĭ Ivanovich Rybalʹchenko,Michael G. Foley,Lisa M. G. Ballou
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 206
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015047557999
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Injection Disposal of Liquid Radioactive Waste in Russia Book Review:

The material in this translation is, therefore, presented with an eye toward other possible applications."--BOOK JACKET.

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Radioactive Waste Management,Committee on Disposition of High-Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2001-06-05
ISBN 10: 9780309170888
ISBN 13: 0309170885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Book Review:

Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

Deep Time Reckoning

Deep Time Reckoning
Author: Vincent Ialenti
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2020-09-22
ISBN 10: 0262539268
ISBN 13: 9780262539265
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Time Reckoning Book Review:

A guide to long-term thinking: how to envision the far future of Earth. We live on a planet careening toward environmental collapse that will be largely brought about by our own actions. And yet we struggle to grasp the scale of the crisis, barely able to imagine the effects of climate change just ten years from now, let alone the multi-millennial timescales of Earth's past and future life span. In this book, Vincent Ialenti offers a guide for envisioning the planet's far future—to become, as he terms it, more skilled deep time reckoners. The challenge, he says, is to learn to inhabit a longer now. Ialenti takes on two overlapping crises: the Anthropocene, our current moment of human-caused environmental transformation; and the deflation of expertise—today's popular mockery and institutional erosion of expert authority. The second crisis, he argues, is worsening the effects of the first. Hearing out scientific experts who study a wider time span than a Facebook timeline is key to tackling our planet's emergency. Astrophysicists, geologists, historians, evolutionary biologists, climatologists, archaeologists, and others can teach us the art of long-termism. For a case study in long-term thinking, Ialenti turns to Finland's nuclear waste repository “Safety Case” experts. These scientists forecast far future glaciations, climate changes, earthquakes, and more, over the coming tens of thousands—or even hundreds of thousands or millions—of years. They are not pop culture “futurists” but data-driven, disciplined technical experts, using the power of patterns to construct detailed scenarios and quantitative models of the far future. This is the kind of time literacy we need if we are to survive the Anthropocene.

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up
Author: William E Lee,Michael I Ojovan,Carol M Jantzen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 912
Release: 2013-10-31
ISBN 10: 085709744X
ISBN 13: 9780857097446
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Book Review:

Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

Multiple Roles of Clays in Radioactive Waste Confinement

Multiple Roles of Clays in Radioactive Waste Confinement
Author: S. Norris,E.A.C Neeft,M. Van Geet
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2019-08-05
ISBN 10: 1786204045
ISBN 13: 9781786204042
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiple Roles of Clays in Radioactive Waste Confinement Book Review:

This Special Publication highlights the importance of clays and clayey material, and their multiple roles, in many national geological disposal facilities for higher activity radioactive wastes. Clays can be both the disposal facility host rock and part of its intrinsic engineered barriers, and may be present in the surrounding geological environment. Clays possess various characteristics that make them high-quality barriers to the migration of radionuclides and chemical contaminants, e.g. very little water movement, diffusive transport, retention capacity, self-sealing capacity, stability over millions of years, homogeneity and lateral continuity.

Proceedings of the 1996 International Conference on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste

Proceedings of the 1996 International Conference on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: PSU:000046532992
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 1996 International Conference on Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book Review:

Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal Conference Report

Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal   Conference Report
Author: Fanghaenel, Susanne
Publsiher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2015-05-22
ISBN 10: 3731503832
ISBN 13: 9783731503835
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Key Topics in Deep Geological Disposal Conference Report Book Review: