Criminality in Context

Criminality in Context
Author: Craig Haney
Publsiher: Psychology, Crime, and Justice
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 9781433831423
ISBN 13: 1433831422
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Criminality in Context Book Review:

In this groundbreaking book that is built on decades of work on the front lines of the criminal justice system, expert psychologist Craig Haney encourages meaningful and lasting reform by changing the public narrative about who commits crime and why. Based on his comprehensive review and analysis of the research, Haney offers a carefully framed and psychologically based blueprint for making the criminal justice system fairer, with strategies to reduce crime through proactive prevention instead of reactive punishment. Haney meticulously reviews evidence documenting the ways in which a person's social history, institutional experiences, and present circumstances powerfully shape their life, with a special focus on the role of social, economic, and racial injustice in crime causation. Haney debunks the "crime master narrative"--the widespread myth that criminality is a product of free and autonomous "bad" choices--an increasingly anachronistic view that cannot bear the weight of contemporary psychological data and theory. This is a must-read for understanding what truly influences criminal behavior, and the strategies for prevention and rehabilitation that follow.

Justice and Penal Reform

Justice and Penal Reform
Author: Stephen Farrall,Barry Goldson,Ian Loader,Anita Dockley
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2016-02-05
ISBN 10: 1317277627
ISBN 13: 9781317277620
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Justice and Penal Reform Book Review:

In the aftermath of the financial crisis of 2008, Western societies entered a climate of austerity which has limited the penal expansion experienced in the US, UK and elsewhere over recent decades. These altered conditions have led to introspection and new thinking on punishment even among those on the political right who were previously champions of the punitive turn. This volume brings together a group of international leading scholars with a shared interest in using this opportunity to encourage new avenues of reform in the penal sphere. Justice is a famously contested concept and this book takes a deliberately capacious approach to the question of how justice can be mobilised to inform new reform agendas. Some of the contributors revisit an antique question in penal theory and reconsider the question of what fair or just punishment should look like today. Others seek to make gender central to understanding of crime and punishment, or actively reflect on the part that related concepts such as human rights, legitimacy and trust can and should play in thinking about the creation of more just crime control arrangements. Faced with the expansive penal developments of recent decades, much research and commentary about crime control has been gloom-laden and dystopian. By contrast, this volume seeks to contribute to a more constructive sensibility in the social analysis of penality: one that is worldly, hopeful and actively engaged in thinking about how to create more just penal arrangements. Justice and Penal Reform is a key resource for academics and as a supplementary text for students undertaking courses on punishment, penology, prisons, criminal justice and public policy. This book approaches penal reform from an international perspective and offers a fresh and diverse approach within an established field.

Carceral Con

Carceral Con
Author: Kay Whitlock
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2021-09-21
ISBN 10: 0520974808
ISBN 13: 9780520974807
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carceral Con Book Review:

A critical examination of how contemporary criminal justice reforms expand rather than shrink structurally violent systems of policing, surveillance, and carceral control in the United States. Public opposition to the structural racist, gendered, and economic violence that fuels the criminal legal system is reaching a critical mass. Ignited by popular uprisings, protests, and campaigns against state violence, demands for transformational change have escalated. In response, a now deeply entrenched so-called bipartisan industry has staked its claim to the reform terrain. Representing itself as a sensible bridge across bitterly polarized political divides and party lines, the bipartisan reform industry has sought to control the nature and scope of local, state, and federal reforms. Along the way, it creates an expanding web of neoliberal public-private partnerships, with the promotion and implementation of efforts managed by billionaires, public officials, policy factories, foundations, universities, and mega nonprofit organizations. Yet many bipartisan reforms constitute deceptive sleights of hand that not only fail to produce justice but actively reproduce structural racial and economic inequality. Carceral Con pulls the veil away from the reform public relations machine, providing a riveting overview of the repressive US carceral state and a critical examination of the reform terrain, quagmires, and choices that face us. This book vividly illustrates how contemporary bipartisan reform agendas leave the structural apparatus of mass incarceration intact while widening the net of carceral control and surveillance. Readers are also provided with information and insights useful for examining the likely impacts of reforms today and in the future. What can we learn from reforms of the past? What strategies hold most promise for dismantling structural inequalities, corporate control, and state violence? What approaches will reduce reliance on carceral control and also bring about community safety? Utilizing an abolitionist lens, Carceral Con makes the compelling case for liberatory approaches to envisioning and creating a just society.

Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform

Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform
Author: Greg Berman,Aubrey Fox
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2016-03-21
ISBN 10: 1442268484
ISBN 13: 9781442268487
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform Book Review:

In this revised edition of their concise, readable, yet wide-ranging book, Greg Berman and Aubrey Fox tackle a question students and scholars of law, criminology, and political science constantly face: what mistakes have led to the problems that pervade the criminal justice system in the United States? The reluctance of criminal justice policymakers to talk openly about failure, the authors argue, has stunted the public conversation about crime in this country and stifled new ideas. It has also contributed to our inability to address such problems as chronic offending in low-income neighborhoods, an overreliance on incarceration, the misuse of pretrial detention, and the high rates of recidivism among parolees. Berman and Fox offer students and policymakers an escape from this fate by writing about failure in the criminal justice system. Their goal is to encourage a more forthright dialogue about criminal justice, one that acknowledges that many new initiatives fail and that no one knows for certain how to reduce crime. For the authors, this is not a source of pessimism, but a call to action. This revised edition is updated with a new foreword by Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., and afterword by Greg Berman.

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform
Author: Marvin Zalman,Julia Carrano
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2013-10-30
ISBN 10: 1135077444
ISBN 13: 9781135077440
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform Book Review:

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.

Prisoners of Politics

Prisoners of Politics
Author: Rachel Elise Barkow
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2019-03-04
ISBN 10: 0674919238
ISBN 13: 9780674919235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prisoners of Politics Book Review:

America’s criminal justice system reflects irrational fears stoked by politicians seeking to win election. Pointing to specific policies that are morally problematic and have failed to end the cycle of recidivism, Rachel Barkow argues that reform guided by evidence, not politics and emotions, will reduce crime and reverse mass incarceration.

Usual Cruelty

Usual Cruelty
Author: Alec Karakatsanis
Publsiher: The New Press
Total Pages: 231
Release: 2019-10-29
ISBN 10: 1620975289
ISBN 13: 9781620975282
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Usual Cruelty Book Review:

From an award-winning civil rights lawyer, a profound challenge to our society’s normalization of the caging of human beings, and the role of the legal profession in perpetuating it Alec Karakatsanis is interested in what we choose to punish. For example, it is a crime in most of America for poor people to wager in the streets over dice; dice-wagerers can be seized, searched, have their assets forfeited, and be locked in cages. It’s perfectly fine, by contrast, for people to wager over international currencies, mortgages, or the global supply of wheat; wheat-wagerers become names on the wings of hospitals and museums. He is also troubled by how the legal system works when it is trying to punish people. The bail system, for example, is meant to ensure that people return for court dates. But it has morphed into a way to lock up poor people who have not been convicted of anything. He’s so concerned about this that he has personally sued court systems across the country, resulting in literally tens of thousands of people being released from jail when their money bail was found to be unconstitutional. Karakatsanis doesn’t think people who have gone to law school, passed the bar, and sworn to uphold the Constitution should be complicit in the mass caging of human beings—an everyday brutality inflicted disproportionately on the bodies and minds of poor people and people of color and for which the legal system has never offered sufficient justification. Usual Cruelty is a profoundly radical reconsideration of the American “injustice system” by someone who is actively, wildly successfully, challenging it.

The Politics of Penal Reform

The Politics of Penal Reform
Author: Anne Logan
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2017-10-30
ISBN 10: 1351708198
ISBN 13: 9781351708197
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of Penal Reform Book Review:

In the context of recent media scrutiny on the state of prisons in the UK, the efficacy of incarcerating large numbers of offenders is an issue which is rising steadily up the political agenda. In 2016, the Howard League for Penal Reform – an organization that has energetically lobbied for improvements in the treatment of offenders throughout its lifetime – celebrated its 150th anniversary. This book considers the life and work of Margery Fry, the woman who created the modern Howard League and dominated it from 1918 until her death in 1958, and places the UK’s oldest surviving penal reform pressure group and its current work into their historical context. It examines Fry’s legacy as a campaigner for an international standard of prisoners’ minimum rights, which resulted in a United Nations charter, for the introduction of compensation for victims of criminal injuries, and for the abolition of the death penalty, and also considers her role in the establishment of criminology as an academic discipline and her organization of the first criminology lectures in Great Britain. It is essential reading for all those engaged in prisons research, penal reform and criminal justice history.

Handbook of Issues in Criminal Justice Reform in the United States

Handbook of Issues in Criminal Justice Reform in the United States
Author: Elizabeth Jeglic
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3030775658
ISBN 13: 9783030775650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Issues in Criminal Justice Reform in the United States Book Review:

Global Perspectives on Reforming the Criminal Justice System

Global Perspectives on Reforming the Criminal Justice System
Author: Pittaro, Michael
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2021-06-25
ISBN 10: 1799868869
ISBN 13: 9781799868866
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Perspectives on Reforming the Criminal Justice System Book Review:

The often-tenuous relationship between law enforcement and communities of color, namely African Americans, has grown increasingly strained, and the call for justice has once again ignited the demand for criminal justice reform. Rebuilding the trust between the police and the citizens that they have sworn to protect and serve requires that criminal justice practitioners and educators collaborate with elected officials and commit to an open, ongoing dialogue on the most challenging issues that remain unresolved but demand collective attention and support. Reform measures are not limited to policing policies and practices, but rather extend throughout the criminal justice system. There is no denying that the criminal justice system as we know it is flawed, but not beyond repair. Global Perspectives on Reforming the Criminal Justice System provides in-depth and current research about the criminal justice system around the world, its many inadequacies, and why it urgently needs reformation. Offering a fully fleshed outline of the current system, this book details the newest research and is incredibly important to fully understand the flaws of the criminal justice system across the globe. The goals of this book are to improve and advance the criminal justice system by addressing the glaring weaknesses within the system and discuss potential reforms including decreasing the prison population (decarceration) and improving police/community relations. Highlighting topics that include accountability, community-oriented policing, ethics, and mass incarceration, this book is ideal for law enforcement officers, trainers/educators, government officials, policymakers, correctional officers, court officials, professionals, researchers, academicians, and students in the fields of criminal justice, criminology, sociology, psychology, addictions, mental health, social work, public policy, and public administration.

The New Jim Crow

The New Jim Crow
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publsiher: The New Press
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2020-01-07
ISBN 10: 1620971941
ISBN 13: 9781620971949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The New Jim Crow Book Review:

Named one of the most important nonfiction books of the 21st century by Entertainment Weekly‚ Slate‚ Chronicle of Higher Eduction‚ Literary Hub, Book Riot‚ and Zora A tenth-anniversary edition of the iconic bestseller—“one of the most influential books of the past 20 years,” according to the Chronicle of Higher Education—with a new preface by the author “It is in no small part thanks to Alexander’s account that civil rights organizations such as Black Lives Matter have focused so much of their energy on the criminal justice system.” —Adam Shatz, London Review of Books Seldom does a book have the impact of Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow. Since it was first published in 2010, it has been cited in judicial decisions and has been adopted in campus-wide and community-wide reads; it helped inspire the creation of the Marshall Project and the new $100 million Art for Justice Fund; it has been the winner of numerous prizes, including the prestigious NAACP Image Award; and it has spent nearly 250 weeks on the New York Times bestseller list. Most important of all, it has spawned a whole generation of criminal justice reform activists and organizations motivated by Michelle Alexander’s unforgettable argument that “we have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it.” As the Birmingham News proclaimed, it is “undoubtedly the most important book published in this century about the U.S.” Now, ten years after it was first published, The New Press is proud to issue a tenth-anniversary edition with a new preface by Michelle Alexander that discusses the impact the book has had and the state of the criminal justice reform movement today.

Prison by Any Other Name

Prison by Any Other Name
Author: Maya Schenwar,Victoria Law
Publsiher: The New Press
Total Pages: 295
Release: 2020-07-21
ISBN 10: 1620973111
ISBN 13: 9781620973110
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prison by Any Other Name Book Review:

A crucial indictment of widely embraced "alternatives to incarceration" that exposes how many of these new approaches actually widen the net of punishment and surveillance "But what does it mean—really—to celebrate reforms that convert your home into your prison?" —Michelle Alexander, from the foreword Electronic monitoring. Locked-down drug treatment centers. House arrest. Mandated psychiatric treatment. Data-driven surveillance. Extended probation. These are some of the key alternatives held up as cost-effective substitutes for jails and prisons. But many of these so-called reforms actually widen the net, weaving in new strands of punishment and control, and bringing new populations, who would not otherwise have been subject to imprisonment, under physical control by the state. As mainstream public opinion has begun to turn against mass incarceration, political figures on both sides of the spectrum are pushing for reform. But—though they're promoted as steps to confront high rates of imprisonment—many of these measures are transforming our homes and communities into prisons instead. In Prison by Any Other Name, activist journalists Maya Schenwar and Victoria Law reveal the way the kinder, gentler narrative of reform can obscure agendas of social control and challenge us to question the ways we replicate the status quo when pursuing change. A foreword by Michelle Alexander situates the book in the context of criminal justice reform conversations. Finally, the book offers a bolder vision for truly alternative justice practices.

Incarceration Nations

Incarceration Nations
Author: Baz Dreisinger
Publsiher: Other Press, LLC
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2016-02-09
ISBN 10: 1590517288
ISBN 13: 9781590517284
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Incarceration Nations Book Review:

In this crucial study, named one of the Washington Post's Notable Nonfiction Books of 2016 and now in paperback, Baz Dreisinger goes behind bars in nine countries to investigate the current conditions in prisons worldwide. Beginning in Africa and ending in Europe, Incarceration Nations is a first-person odyssey through the prison systems of the world. Professor, journalist, and founder of the Prison-to-College-Pipeline program, Dreisinger looks into the human stories of incarcerated men and women and those who imprison them, creating a jarring, poignant view of a world to which most are denied access, and a rethinking of one of America's most far-reaching global exports: the modern prison complex. From serving as a restorative justice facilitator in a notorious South African prison and working with genocide survivors in Rwanda, to launching a creative writing class in an overcrowded Ugandan prison and coordinating a drama workshop for women prisoners in Thailand, Dreisinger examines the world behind bars with equal parts empathy and intellect. She journeys to Jamaica to visit a prison music program, to Singapore to learn about approaches to prisoner reentry, to Australia to grapple with the bottom line of private prisons, to a federal supermax in Brazil to confront the horrors of solitary confinement, and finally to the so-called model prisons of Norway. Incarceration Nations concludes with climactic lessons about the past, present, and future of justice.

Locked In

Locked In
Author: John Pfaff
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2017-02-07
ISBN 10: 0465096921
ISBN 13: 9780465096923
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Locked In Book Review:

"Pfaff, let there be no doubt, is a reformer...Nonetheless, he believes that the standard story--popularized in particular by Michelle Alexander, in her influential book, The New Jim Crow--is false. We are desperately in need of reform, he insists, but we must reform the right things, and address the true problem."--Adam Gopnik, The New Yorker A groundbreaking examination of our system of imprisonment, revealing the true causes of mass incarceration as well as the best path to reform In the 1970s, the United States had an incarceration rate comparable to those of other liberal democracies-and that rate had held steady for over 100 years. Yet today, though the US is home to only about 5 percent of the world's population, we hold nearly one quarter of its prisoners. Mass incarceration is now widely considered one of the biggest social and political crises of our age. How did we get to this point? Locked In is a revelatory investigation into the root causes of mass incarceration by one of the most exciting scholars in the country. Having spent fifteen years studying the data on imprisonment, John Pfaff takes apart the reigning consensus created by Michelle Alexander and other reformers, revealing that the most widely accepted explanations-the failed War on Drugs, draconian sentencing laws, an increasing reliance on private prisons-tell us much less than we think. Pfaff urges us to look at other factors instead, including a major shift in prosecutor behavior that occurred in the mid-1990s, when prosecutors began bringing felony charges against arrestees about twice as often as they had before. He describes a fractured criminal justice system, in which counties don't pay for the people they send to state prisons, and in which white suburbs set law and order agendas for more-heavily minority cities. And he shows that if we hope to significantly reduce prison populations, we have no choice but to think differently about how to deal with people convicted of violent crimes-and why some people are violent in the first place. An authoritative, clear-eyed account of a national catastrophe, Locked In transforms our understanding of what ails the American system of punishment and ultimately forces us to reconsider how we can build a more equitable and humane society.

Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
Author: Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs (United Nations),United Nations
Publsiher: United Nations Publications
Total Pages: 278
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015029958611
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compendium of United Nations Standards and Norms in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Book Review:

Part Two. HUMAN RIGHTS

Solutions

Solutions
Author: Joe Biden,Cory Booker,Chris Christie,Hillary Rodham Clinton
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-04-27
ISBN 10: 9780692459218
ISBN 13: 0692459219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solutions Book Review:

Mass incarceration. In recent years it's become clear that the size of America's prison population is unsustainable -- and isn't needed to protect public safety. In this remarkable bipartisan collaboration, the country's most prominent public figures and experts join together to propose ideas for change. In these original essays, many authors speak out for the first time on the issue. The vast majority agree that reducing our incarcerated population is a priority. Marking a clear political shift on crime and punishment in America, these sentiments are a far cry from politicians racing to be the most punitive in the 1980s and 1990s. Mass incarceration threatens American democracy. Hiding in plain sight, it drives economic inequality, racial injustice, and poverty. How do we achieve change? From using federal funding to bolster police best practices to allowing for the release of low-level offenders while they wait for trial, from eliminating prison for low-level drug crimes to increasing drug and mental health treatment, the ideas in this book pave a way forward. Solutions promises to further the intellectual and political momentum to reform our justice system.

More Than We Can Afford

More Than We Can Afford
Author: Raji Mangat,British Columbia Civil Liberties Association
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 83
Release: 2014-09
ISBN 10: 9781927615096
ISBN 13: 1927615097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

More Than We Can Afford Book Review:

An Expensive Way to Make Bad People Worse

An Expensive Way to Make Bad People Worse
Author: Jens Soering
Publsiher: Lantern Books
Total Pages: 113
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9781590560761
ISBN 13: 1590560760
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Expensive Way to Make Bad People Worse Book Review:

The author, himself a former inmate in the American Corrections System, writes about the state of the American prisons and the justice system and the American public's misconceptions about the system.

Out of Control Criminal Justice

Out of Control Criminal Justice
Author: Daniel P. Mears
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2017-09-28
ISBN 10: 110716169X
ISBN 13: 9781107161696
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Out of Control Criminal Justice Book Review:

This book shows how to reduce out-of-control criminal justice and create greater public safety, justice, and accountability at less cost.

Start Here

Start Here
Author: Greg Berman
Publsiher: The New Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-03-06
ISBN 10: 1620972247
ISBN 13: 9781620972243
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Start Here Book Review:

As heard on NPR’s Fresh Air Recommended by The New York Times’ Sam Roberts “Start Here is an urgent and timely primer on the approaches that are working and don’t require federal approval or political revolution to end one of the most pressing justice issues the country faces today.” —Brooklyn Daily Eagle A bold agenda for criminal justice reform based on equal parts pragmatism and idealism, from the visionary director of the Center for Court Innovation, a leader of the reform movement Everyone knows that the United States leads the world in incarceration, and that our political process is gridlocked. What can be done right now to reduce the number of people sent to jail and prison? This essential book offers a concrete roadmap for both professionals and general readers who want to move from analysis to action. In this forward-looking, next-generation criminal justice reform book, Greg Berman and Julian Adler of the Center for Court Innovation highlight the key lessons from these programs—engaging the public in preventing crime, treating all defendants with dignity and respect, and linking people to effective community-based interventions rather than locking them up. Along the way, they tell a series of gripping stories, highlighting gang members who have gotten their lives back on track, judges who are transforming their courtrooms, and reformers around the country who are rethinking what justice looks like. While Start Here offers no silver bullets, it does put forth a suite of proven reforms—from alternatives to bail to diversion programs for mentally ill defendants—that will improve the lives of thousands of people right now. Start Here is a must-read for everyone who wants to start dismantling mass incarceration without waiting for a revolution or permission. Proceeds from the book will support the Center for Court Innovation’s reform efforts.