Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives
Author: Jehuda Yinon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2011-10-13
ISBN 10: 9780080545202
ISBN 13: 0080545203
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Book Review:

The detection of hidden explosives has become an issue of utmost importance in recent years. While terrorism is not new to the international community, recent terrorist attacks have raised the issue of detection of explosives and have generated a great demand for rapid, sensitive and reliable methods for detecting hidden explosives. Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives covers recent advances in this area of research including vapor and trace detection techniques (chemiluminescence, mass spectrometry, ion mobility spectrometry, electrochemical methods and micromechanical sensors, such as microcantilevers) and bulk detection techniques (neutron techniques, nuclear quadrupole resonance, x-ray diffraction imaging, millimeter-wave imaging, terahertz imaging and laser techniques). This book will be of interest to any scientists involved in the design and application of security screening technologies including new sensors and detecting devices which will prevent the smuggling of bombs and explosives. * Covers latest advances in vapor and trace detection techniques and bulk detection techniques * Reviews both current techniques and those in advanced stages of development * Techniques that are described in detail, including its principles of operation, as well as its applications in the detection of explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives
Author: Avi Cagan,Jimmie C. Oxley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2021-12-08
ISBN 10: 044464105X
ISBN 13: 9780444641052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives Book Review:

Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives, Second Edition covers the most current techniques available for explosive detection. This completely revised volume describes the most updated research findings that will be used in the next generation of explosives detection technologies. New editors Drs. Avi Cagan and Jimmie Oxley have assembled in one volume a series of detection technologies written by an expert group of scientists. The book helps researchers to compare the advantages and disadvantages of all available methods in detecting explosives and, in effect, allows them to choose the correct instrumental screening technology according to the nature of the sample. Covers bulk/remote trace/contact or contact-less detection Describes techniques applicable to indoor (public transportation, human and freight) and outdoor (vehicle) detection Reviews both current techniques and those in advanced stages of development Provides detailed descriptions of every technique, including its principles of operation, as well as its applications in the detection of explosives

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti Terrorism Purposes

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti Terrorism Purposes
Author: M. Krausa
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2012-11-06
ISBN 10: 1402027168
ISBN 13: 9781402027161
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vapour and Trace Detection of Explosives for Anti Terrorism Purposes Book Review:

The fast detection of explosives from the vapor phase would be one way to enhance the protection of society against terrorist attacks. Up to now the problem of detection of explosives, especially the location of explosives whether at large areas e. g. station halls, theaters or hidden in cars, aircraft cargo, baggage or explosives hidden in crowds e. g. suicide bombers or bombs in bags has not been solved. Smelling of explosives like dogs do seems to be a valuable tool for a security chain. In general different strategies can be adopt to the basic problem of explosive detection: • bulk detection • vapor detection Normally meetings cover both aspects and applications of the detection. Even though both methods might fulfill special aspects of a general security chain the underlying scientific questions differ strongly. Because of that the discussions of the scientists and practitioners from the different main directions are sometimes only less specific. Therefore the NATO Advisory Panel in Security-Related Civil Science and Technology proposed a small series of NATO ARW's which focuses on the different scientific aspects of explosives detection methods. This book is based on material presented at the first NATO ARW of this series in Moscow which covered the topic: Vapor and trace detection of explosives. The second ARW was held in St. Petersburg and treated the topic Bulk detection methods. The third workshop was held in Warwick and focused on electronic noses which cover a somewhat different aspect of vapor detection.

Aspects of Explosives Detection

Aspects of Explosives Detection
Author: Maurice Marshall,Jimmie C. Oxley
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN 10: 9780080923147
ISBN 13: 0080923143
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aspects of Explosives Detection Book Review:

Detection and quantification of trace chemicals is a major thrust of analytical chemistry. In recent years much effort has been spent developing detection systems for priority pollutants. Less mature are the detections of substances of interest to law enforcement and security personnel:in particular explosives. This volume will discuss the detection of these, not only setting out the theoretical fundamentals, but also emphasizing the remarkable developments in the last decade. Terrorist events—airplanes blown out of the sky (PanAm 103 over Lockerbie) and attacks on U.S. and European cities (Trade Center in New York and the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, railways in London and Madrid)--emphasize the danger of concealed explosives. However, since most explosives release little vapor, it was not possible to detect them by technology used on most organic substances. After PanAm 103 was downed over Scotland, the U.S. Congress requested automatic explosive detection equipment be placed in airports. This volume outlines the history of explosive detection research, the developments along the way, present day technologies, and what we think the future holds. - Written by experts in the field who set out both the scientific issues and the practical context with authority - Discusses and describes the threat - Describes the theoretical background and practical applications of both trace and bulk explosives detection

Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives

Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives
Author: Hiltmar Schubert,Andrey Kuznetsov
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2006-01-02
ISBN 10: 1402048874
ISBN 13: 9781402048876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives Book Review:

This book collects lectures of an international NATO-Russian Advanced Research Workshop on Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives (IE) used by terrorists. The disposal of IE is especially dangerous, because they are often much more unstable and mechanically more sensitive than commercial or military explosives. This text covers detection of explosives by different analytical methods and the different shape and compositions of the explosive charge, and offers up-to-date advice on handling and disposal.

Counter Terrorism Technologies

Counter Terrorism Technologies
Author: Peter Lehr
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 217
Release: 2018-07-10
ISBN 10: 331990924X
ISBN 13: 9783319909240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counter Terrorism Technologies Book Review:

This book critically discusses the role of technology for counter-terrorism in general, and for securing our vulnerable open societies in particular. It is set against the backdrop of the terrorist threat posed by the combined forces of Al Qaeda and ISIS/Daesh in the foreseeable future. The book commences by illuminating current and foreseeable tactics and weapons used by these implacable enemies – weapons that may well include chemical, biological, radiological and potentially even nuclear (CBRN) devices. In a second part, it introduces technologies already available or in development that promise an increase in safety and security when it comes to the dangers posed by these terrorists. This part also includes a critical discussion of advantages and disadvantages of such technologies that are, quite often, sold as a ‘silver bullet’ approach in the fight against terrorism. Controversies such as those triggered by the abuse of millimeter wave scanners deployed at several Western European airports will demonstrate that there are costs involved with regard to human rights. The third, analytical part takes the critical discussion further by arguing that the uncritical fielding of new surveillance and control technologies in parallel with the on-going outsourcing and privatization of key services of the state could well lead to dystopias as envisaged in a rather prescient way by the so-called cyperpunk novels of the 1980s. The book concludes with the question that any liberal democracy should ask itself: how far can we go with regard to hardening our societies against terrorist threats?

Explosives Detection

Explosives Detection
Author: Lorenzo Capineri,Eyüp Kuntay Turmuş
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 331
Release: 2020-01-29
ISBN 10: 940241729X
ISBN 13: 9789402417296
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Explosives Detection Book Review:

This volume presents selected contributions from the “Advanced Research Workshop on Explosives Detection” hosted by the Department of Information Engineering of the University of Florence, Italy in 2018. The main goal of the workshop was to find out how Science for Peace and Security projects in the field of Explosives Detection contribute to the development and/or refinement of scientific and technical knowledge and competencies. The findings of the workshop, presented in the last section of the book, determine future actions and direction of the SPS Programme in the field of explosives detection and management.The NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme, promotes dialogue and practical cooperation between NATO member states and partner nations based on scientific research, technological innovation and knowledge exchange. Several initiatives were launched in the field of explosive detection and clearance, as part of NATO’s enhanced role in the international fight against terrorism. Experts and scientists from NATO members and partner countries have been brought together in multi-year projects, within the framework of the SPS Programme, to cooperate in the scientific research in explosive detection field, developing new technologies and methods to be implemented in order to detect explosive substances in different contexts.

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques
Author: Jacques Fraissard,Olga Lapina
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2009-07-06
ISBN 10: 904813062X
ISBN 13: 9789048130627
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Explosives Detection using Magnetic and Nuclear Resonance Techniques Book Review:

Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) a highly promising new technique for bulk explosives detection: relatively inexpensive, more compact than NMR, but with considerable selectivity. Since the NQR frequency is insensitive to long-range variations in composition, mixing explosives with other materials, such as the plasticizers in plastic explosives, makes no difference. The NQR signal strength varies linearly with the amount of explosive, and is independent of its distribution within the volume monitored. NQR spots explosive types in configurations missed by the X-ray imaging method. But if NQR is so good, why it is not used everywhere? Its main limitation is the low signal-to-noise ratio, particularly with the radio-frequency interference that exists in a field environment, NQR polarization being much weaker than that from an external magnetic field. The distinctive signatures are there, but are difficult to extract from the noise. In addition, the high selectivity is partly a disadvantage, as it is hard to build a multichannel system necessary to cover a wide range of target substances. Moreover, substances fully screened by metallic enclosures, etc. are difficult to detect. A workshop was held at St Petersburg in July 2008 in an attempt to solve these problems and make NQR the universal technique for the detection of bombs regardless of type. This book presents the essentials of the papers given there.

Counter Terrorism for Emergency Responders

Counter Terrorism for Emergency Responders
Author: Robert A. Burke
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1094
Release: 2017-10-31
ISBN 10: 1351648527
ISBN 13: 9781351648523
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counter Terrorism for Emergency Responders Book Review:

Using the authors many years of experience in emergency services and his skills as a hazardous materials consultant, prepares the first responder to handle everything from re-establishing control and on-scene triage to investigating the crime. Including information on pre-incident and avoidance tactics, the author also discusses monitoring and detection techniques, protective equipment and decontamination, and an extensive list of resource organizations and training opportunities. This up-to-date 3rd edition is written to provide concise information for emergency responders who might be called upon to confront explosive, chemical, nuclear, biological, or incendiary acts of terrorism.

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials
Author: David T. Pierce,Julia Xiaojun Zhao
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2011-05-25
ISBN 10: 3527632077
ISBN 13: 9783527632077
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials Book Review:

Presenting a wide variety of methods, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state -- ranging from bioanalysis to electrochemical sensing, forensics and chemistry, while also covering the toxicity aspects of nanomaterials to humans and the environment. Edited by rising stars in the field, the first section on biological analysis includes an investigation of nanoparticles and micro- and nanofluidic systems, while the second, environmental analysis, looks at the detection, monitoring, and sensing of explosives as well as pollutants, among other topics. The final part covers such advanced methods as the synthesis and characterization of gold nanorods. For analytical chemists, materials scientists, chemists working in trace analysis, and spectroscopists.

Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy

Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy
Author: Cristian Monea,Nicu Bizon
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2021-10-11
ISBN 10: 3030878619
ISBN 13: 9783030878610
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Book Review:

This book is about improving prohibited substances detection using the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) technique at security checkpoints. The book proposes multiple signal processing and analysis techniques for improving detection of dangerous or contraband substances, such as explosives, narcotics, or toxic substances. Also, several hardware solutions are described and implemented in a custom-designed NQR spectrometer. A new approach to NQR signal detection is introduced using artificial intelligence/deep learning techniques. The book will be useful for for researchers and practitioners in the areas of electrical engineering, signal processing and analysis, applied spectroscopy, as well as for security or laboratory equipment manufacturers.

Forensic Investigation of Explosions

Forensic Investigation of Explosions
Author: David R. Gaskell
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 830
Release: 2011-11-02
ISBN 10: 1420087266
ISBN 13: 9781420087260
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Investigation of Explosions Book Review:

Now in its second edition, Forensic Investigation of Explosions draws on the editor‘s 30 years of explosives casework experience, including his work on task forces set up to investigate major explosives incidents. Dr. Alexander Beveridge provides a broad, multidisciplinary approach, assembling the contributions of internationally recognized experts

Demystifying Explosives

Demystifying Explosives
Author: Sethuramasharma Venugopalan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2015-01-09
ISBN 10: 0128017562
ISBN 13: 9780128017562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Demystifying Explosives Book Review:

Demystifying Explosives: Concepts in High Energy Materials explains the basic concepts of and the science behind the entire spectrum of high energy materials (HEMs) and gives a broad perspective about all types of HEMs and their interrelationships. Demystifying Explosives covers topics ranging from explosives, deflagration, detonation, and pyrotechnics to safety and security aspects of HEMS, looking at their aspects, particularly their inter-relatedness with respect to properties and performance. The book explains concepts related to the molecular structure of HEMs, their properties, performance parameters, detonation and shock waves including explosives and propellants. The theory-based title also deals with important (safety and security) and interesting (constructive applications) aspects connected with HEMs and is of fundamental use to students in their introduction to these materials and applications. Explains the concept of high energy materials in simple language and down-to-earth examples Worked examples and problems are given wherever required Demystifies the concept of explosives Limited use of big and complex equations Questions and Suggested Reading are given at the end of each chapter

Agent and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications

Agent and Multi Agent Systems  Technologies and Applications
Author: Gordan Jezic,Mario Kusek,Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Robert J. Howlett,Lakhmi C. Jain
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 661
Release: 2012-06-16
ISBN 10: 364230947X
ISBN 13: 9783642309472
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agent and Multi Agent Systems Technologies and Applications Book Review:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th KES International Conference on Agent and Multi-Agent Systems, KES-AMSTA 2012, held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, in June 2012. The conference attracted a substantial number of researchers and practitioners from all over the world who submitted their papers for ten main tracks covering the methodology and applications of agent and multi-agent systems, one workshop (TRUMAS 2012) and five special sessions on specific topics within the field. The 66 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on virtual organizations, knowledge and learning agents, intelligent workflow, cloud computing and intelligent systems, self-organization, ICT-based alternative and augmentative communication, multi-agent systems, mental and holonic models, assessment methodologies in multi-agent and other paradigms, business processing agents, Trumas 2012 (first international workshop), conversational agents and agent teams, digital economy, and multi-agent systems in distributed environments.

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on the Review of Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2004-05-14
ISBN 10: 0309166039
ISBN 13: 9780309166034
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques Book Review:

Existing and Potential Standoff Explosives Detection Techniques examines the scientific techniques currently used as the basis for explosives detection and determines whether other techniques might provide promising research avenues with possible pathways to new detection protocols. This report describe the characteristics of explosives, bombs, and their components that are or might be used to provide a signature for exploitation in detection technology; considers scientific techniques for exploiting these characteristics to detect explosives and explosive devices; discusses the potential for integrating such techniques into detection systems that would have sufficient sensitivity without an unacceptable false-positive rate; and proposes areas for research that might be expected to yield significant advances in practical explosives and bomb detection technology in the near, mid, and long term.

High Explosives Propellants Pyrotechnics

High Explosives  Propellants  Pyrotechnics
Author: Ernst-Christian Koch
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 783
Release: 2021-01-18
ISBN 10: 3110660563
ISBN 13: 9783110660562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Explosives Propellants Pyrotechnics Book Review:

This dictionary contains 739 entries with about 1400 references to the primary literature. Details on the composition, performance, sensitivity and other pertinent properties of Energetic Materials such as High Explosives, Propellants, Pyrotechnics, as well as important ingredients such as Oxidizers, Fuels, Binders, and Modifiers are given and presented partly in over 180 tables with more than 240 structural formulas . In detail the dictionary gives elaborate descriptions of 460 Chemical Substances 170 Pyrotechnic Compositions 360 High Explosive and Propellant Formulations In addition, the basic physical and thermochemical properties of 435 pure substances (elements & compounds) typically occuring as ingredients or reaction products are given too. 150 Figures, schemes and diagrams explain Applications, Test methods, Scientific facilities, and finally Individuals closely tied with the development and investigation of Energetic Materials. The book is intended for readers with a technical or scientific background, active in governmental agencies, research institutes, trade and industry, concerned with the procurement, development, manufacture, investigation and use of Energetic Materials, such as High Explosives, Propellants, Pyrotechnics, Fireworks and Ammunition. The book serves both as a daily reference for the experienced as well as an introduction for the newcomer to the field.

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing
Author: Syed Kamrul Islam,Mohammad Rafiqul Haider
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2009-12-02
ISBN 10: 9780387793924
ISBN 13: 0387793925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing Book Review:

Low-power sensors and their applications in various fields ranging from military to civilian lives have made tremendous progress in the recent years. Low-power and extended battery life are the key focuses for long term, reliable and easy operation of these sensors. Sensors and Low Power Signal Processing provides a general overview of a sensor’s working principle and a discussion of the emerging sensor technologies including chemical, electro-chemical and MEMS based sensors. Also included is a discussion on design challenges associated with low-power analog circuits and the schemes to overcome them. Finally, a short discussion of some of the simple wireless telemetry schemes best suited for low-power sensor applications and sensor packaging issues is discussed. Applications and sensor prototypes included are environmental monitoring, health care monitoring and issues related to the development of sensor prototypes and associated electronics to achieve high signal-to-noise ratio will also be presented.

Gas Chromatography

Gas Chromatography
Author: Colin Poole
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2012-07-26
ISBN 10: 0123855411
ISBN 13: 9780123855411
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Chromatography Book Review:

This title provides comprehensive coverage of modern gas chromatography including theory, instrumentation, columns, and applications addressing the needs of advanced students and professional scientists in industry and government laboratories. Chapters are written by recognized experts on each topic. Each chapter offers a complete picture with respect to its topic so researchers can move straight to the information they need without reading through a lot of background information. Individual chapters written by recognized experts The big picture of gas chromatography from theory, to methods, to selected applications Provides references to other sources in associated areas of study to facilitate research Gives access to core data for practical work, comparison of results and decision making

Forensic Chemistry Handbook

Forensic Chemistry Handbook
Author: Lawrence Kobilinsky
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2011-11-17
ISBN 10: 9781118062234
ISBN 13: 111806223X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Chemistry Handbook Book Review:

A concise, robust introduction to the various topics covered by the discipline of forensic chemistry The Forensic Chemistry Handbook focuses on topics in each of the major chemistry-related areas of forensic science. With chapter authors that span the forensic chemistry field, this book exposes readers to the state of the art on subjects such as serology (including blood, semen, and saliva), DNA/molecular biology, explosives and ballistics, toxicology, pharmacology, instrumental analysis, arson investigation, and various other types of chemical residue analysis. In addition, the Forensic Chemistry Handbook: Covers forensic chemistry in a clear, concise, and authoritative way Brings together in one volume the key topics in forensics where chemistry plays an important role, such as blood analysis, drug analysis, urine analysis, and DNA analysis Explains how to use analytical instruments to analyze crime scene evidence Contains numerous charts, illustrations, graphs, and tables to give quick access to pertinent information Media focus on high-profile trials like those of Scott Peterson or Kobe Bryant have peaked a growing interest in the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry. For those readers who want to understand the mechanisms of reactions used in laboratories to piece together crime scenes—and to fully grasp the chemistry behind it—this book is a must-have.

Optoelectronics for Low Intensity Conflicts and Homeland Security

Optoelectronics for Low Intensity Conflicts and Homeland Security
Author: Anil Maini
Publsiher: Artech House
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2018-11-30
ISBN 10: 1630815721
ISBN 13: 9781630815721
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optoelectronics for Low Intensity Conflicts and Homeland Security Book Review:

This authoritative new resource provides an overview of the deployment of various devices in systems in actual field conditions and efficacy established in warfare. The book covers laser and optronic technologies that have evolved over the years to build practical devices and systems for use in Homeland Security and low-intensity conflict scenarios. Readers will be able to assess combat and battle-worthiness of various available devices and systems. This book covers state-of-the-art and emerging trends in various optoelectronics technologies having applications in Homeland Security. It provides information on operational aspects, deployment scenarios, and actual usage of laser and optoelectronics based technologies for low intensity conflicts, offering insight into the utility of each technology/device for a given operational requirement. This book evaluates the merits of various laser and optoelectronic sensor based technologies intended for low intensity conflict operations, including counter-insurgency and anti-terrorist operations. It is a useful reference for those specializing in defense electronics and optronics and professionals in the defence industry involved in operation and maintenance of laser based security equipment. Packed with tables, photographs, and a comprehensive list of references in every chapter, this is the only book that covers all topics related to Laser and Optoelectronics devices intended for low intensity conflict operations in a single volume.