Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems
Author: Scholargy Publishing, Incorporated
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002-01
ISBN 10: 9781586669805
ISBN 13: 158666980X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book Review:

The Evolution of Cooperation

The Evolution of Cooperation
Author: Robert Axelrod
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2009-04-29
ISBN 10: 0786734884
ISBN 13: 9780786734887
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Cooperation Book Review:

A famed political scientist's classic argument for a more cooperative world We assume that, in a world ruled by natural selection, selfishness pays. So why cooperate? In The Evolution of Cooperation, political scientist Robert Axelrod seeks to answer this question. In 1980, he organized the famed Computer Prisoners Dilemma Tournament, which sought to find the optimal strategy for survival in a particular game. Over and over, the simplest strategy, a cooperative program called Tit for Tat, shut out the competition. In other words, cooperation, not unfettered competition, turns out to be our best chance for survival. A vital book for leaders and decision makers, The Evolution of Cooperation reveals how cooperative principles help us think better about everything from military strategy, to political elections, to family dynamics.

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems
Author: Bapu Vaitla
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN 10: 012820916X
ISBN 13: 9780128209165
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems Book Review:

Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems analyzes cooperation within both biological networks and human societies. The book’s approach is cross-disciplinary, focusing on key ideas and methods from genetics, biology, ecology, economics, and political science, while guiding students to make conceptual and mathematical connections between fields. The core objective of the book is to help students perceive the deep, common structure of networked interaction in nature, and to gain the tools necessary to formally analyze cooperation. The book begins by offering a conceptual and mathematical toolkit centered on game theory and network science. Readers then apply these tools to the study of biological phenomena, including genetic networks, endosymbiosis, intraspecies cooperation, and mutualisms, in the following chapters. The final portion of the book presents case studies of the most pressing problems of collective action facing global society today, including climate change, cyberterrorism, and infectious disease, applying the lessons of biological and social evolution to the search for cooperative solutions. Cooperation in Biological and Social Systems is a valuable resource for readers looking to gain further insight into biological networks and animal and human biology. This book is also helpful for students across academic disciplines aside from biology, including ecology, genetics, and political science. Describes and examines game theory and network science, providing readers with the rigorous quantitative foundation needed to link concepts across widely varying systems Structured to proceed sequentially through biological systems of increasing structural complexity, genomes, cells, organisms, ecological communities, to understand the nested nature of cooperation Includes key term lists, practice exercises, and detailed answers for reader engagement

Meeting at Grand Central

Meeting at Grand Central
Author: Lee Cronk,Beth L. Leech
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2012-10-28
ISBN 10: 1400845483
ISBN 13: 9781400845484
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Meeting at Grand Central Book Review:

A revolutionary approach to the study of cooperation that unites evolutionary biology and the social sciences From the family to the workplace to the marketplace, every facet of our lives is shaped by cooperative interactions. Yet everywhere we look, we are confronted by proof of how difficult cooperation can be—snarled traffic, polarized politics, overexploited resources, social problems that go ignored. The benefits to oneself of a free ride on the efforts of others mean that collective goals often are not met. But compared to most other species, people actually cooperate a great deal. Why is this? Meeting at Grand Central brings together insights from evolutionary biology, political science, economics, anthropology, and other fields to explain how the interactions between our evolved selves and the institutional structures we have created make cooperation possible. The book begins with a look at the ideas of Mancur Olson and George Williams, who shifted the question of why cooperation happens from an emphasis on group benefits to individual costs. It then explores how these ideas have influenced our thinking about cooperation, coordination, and collective action. The book persuasively argues that cooperation and its failures are best explained by evolutionary and social theories working together. Selection sometimes favors cooperative tendencies, while institutions, norms, and incentives encourage and make possible actual cooperation. Meeting at Grand Central will inspire researchers from different disciplines and intellectual traditions to share ideas and advance our understanding of cooperative behavior in a world that is more complex than ever before.

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems
Author: Frank Schweitzer
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2002-12-09
ISBN 10: 9814488356
ISBN 13: 9789814488358
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems Book Review:

Economics and the social sciences are, in fact, the “hard” sciences, as Herbert Simon argued, because the complexity of the problems dealt with cannot simply be reduced to analytically solvable models or decomposed into separate subprocesses. Nevertheless, in recent years, the emerging interdisciplinary “sciences of complexity” have provided new methods and tools for tackling these problems, ranging from complex data analysis to sophisticated computer simulations. In particular, advanced methods developed in the natural sciences have recently also been applied to social and economic problems. The twenty-one chapters of this book reflect this modern development from various modeling perspectives (such as agent-based models, evolutionary game theory, reinforcement learning and neural network techniques, time series analysis, non-equilibrium macroscopic dynamics) and for a broad range of socio-economic applications (market dynamics, technological evolution, spatial dynamics and economic growth, decision processes, and agent societies). They jointly demonstrate a shift of perspective in economics and the social sciences that is allowing a new outlook in this field to emerge. Contents:Market Dynamics:Trading Behavior and Excess Volatility in Toy Markets (M Marsili & D Challet)Percolation Models of Financial Market Dynamics (D Stauffer)Electrodynamical Model of Quasi-Efficient Financial Markets (K N Ilinski & A S Stepanenko)Multi-Agent Market Modeling of Foreign Exchange Rates (G Zimmermann et al.)Forecasting Price Increments Using an Artificial Neural Network (F Castiglione)Spectral Regularization, Data Complexity and Agent Behavior (A Ilyinsky)Technological Evolution:Dynamics of Economic and Technological Search Processes in Complex Adaptive Landscapes (W Ebeling et al.)New Results in a Self-Organized Model of Technological Evolution (A Arenas et al.)Firms' Decision-Making Process in an Evolutionary Model of Industrial Dynamics (W Kwasnicki)Spatial Dynamics and Economic Growth:Modelling Migration and Economic Agglomeration with Active Brownian Particles (F Schweitzer)The Evolution of Industrial Clusters — Simulating Spatial Dynamics (T Brenner & N Weigelt)The Growth Dynamics of German Business Firms (J Voit)A Dynamic Theory of a Firm: An Application of ‘Economic Forces’ (M Estola)Decision Processes:Adaptive Platform Dynamics in Multi-Party Spatial Voting (B M R Stadler)Subtle Nonlinearity in Popular Album Charts (R A Bentley & H D G Maschner)Dynamical Aspects in the Adoption of Agri-Environmental Measures (G Weisbuch & G Boudjema)Collective Choice and Mutual Knowledge Structures (D Richards et al.)Agent Societies:Evolutionary Study of Interethnic Co-Operation (V Kvasnicka & J Pospichal)Coalition Factor in the Evolution of Non-Kin Altruism (J-L Dessalles)Optimal Payoff Functions for Members of Collectives (D H Wolpert & K Tumer)A Day at the Beach: Human Agents Self-Organizing on the Sand Pile (H Ishii et al.) Readership: Researchers in the field of complex system science, economists, sociologists, physicists with an interdisciplinary focus, graduates, and professionals. Keywords:

Randomness Enhances Cooperation A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games

Randomness Enhances Cooperation  A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:631849801
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Randomness Enhances Cooperation A Resonance type Phenomenon in Evolutionary Games Book Review:

We investigate the effect of randomness in both relationships and decisions on the evolution of cooperation. Simulation results show, in such randomness' presence, the system evolves more frequently to a cooperative state than in its absence. Specifically, there is an optimal amount of randomness, which can induce the highest level of cooperation. The mechanism of randomness promoting cooperation resembles a resonancelike fashion, which could be of particular interest in evolutionary game dynamics in economic, biological, and social systems.

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard
Author: Kazuhito Isomura
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 95
Release: 2020-10-26
ISBN 10: 9811592063
ISBN 13: 9789811592065
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organization Theory by Chester Barnard Book Review:

This book helps undergraduate and graduate students understand Chester Barnard’s organization theory. Barnard’s book The Functions of the Executive is a classic that, along with Herbert Simon’s Administrative Behavior, is often considered to be essential reading for management students. However, it is well known to be difficult and abstract. Offering a systematic overview, this book provides an excellent introduction to Barnard’s organization theory. Chester Barnard’s concept of formal organization is often cited as a definitive opus on the subject of organization. However, he provided other concepts of organization, such as cooperative systems, complex formal organizations, and informal organizations. In his second book, Organization and Management, he added two more concepts, lateral organizations and status systems, allowing researchers to gain a better understanding of how Barnard developed his organization theory after his first publication. Barnard was a successful practitioner as well as a theorist, and his organization theory is full of practical insights gained from managing various types of organizations, including NGOs and NPOs. This book discusses how Barnard’s organization theory can be applied to business practices in the context of exploring a new style of management, and provides suggestions for business people seeking innovations for their own organizations.

Issues in Biological Biochemical and Evolutionary Sciences Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Biological  Biochemical  and Evolutionary Sciences Research  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 2846
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN 10: 1464963703
ISBN 13: 9781464963704
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Biological Biochemical and Evolutionary Sciences Research 2011 Edition Book Review:

Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological, Biochemical, and Evolutionary Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Foundations of Intelligent Systems

Foundations of Intelligent Systems
Author: Yinglin Wang,Tianrui Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 754
Release: 2011-11-25
ISBN 10: 3642256643
ISBN 13: 9783642256646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Intelligent Systems Book Review:

Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent System and Knowledge Engineering presents selected papers from the conference ISKE 2011, held December 15-17 in Shanghai, China. This proceedings doesn’t only examine original research and approaches in the broad areas of intelligent systems and knowledge engineering, but also present new methodologies and practices in intelligent computing paradigms. The book introduces the current scientific and technical advances in the fields of artificial intelligence, machine learning, pattern recognition, data mining, information retrieval, knowledge-based systems, knowledge representation and reasoning, multi-agent systems, natural-language processing, etc. Furthermore, new computing methodologies are presented, including cloud computing, service computing and pervasive computing with traditional intelligent methods. The proceedings will be beneficial for both researchers and practitioners who want to utilize intelligent methods in their specific research fields. Dr. Yinglin Wang is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China; Dr. Tianrui Li is a professor at the School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, China.

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume III

Knowledge Management  Organizational Intelligence And Learning  And Complexity   Volume III
Author: L. Douglas Kiel
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009-08-25
ISBN 10: 1905839138
ISBN 13: 9781905839131
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume III Book Review:

Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity is the component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity in the Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources provides the latest scientific insights into the evolution of complexity in both the natural and social realms. Emerging perspectives from the fields of knowledge management, computer-based simulation and the organizational sciences are presented as tools for understanding and supporting this evolving complexity and the earth's life support systems. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Complex Networks Their Applications X

Complex Networks   Their Applications X
Author: Rosa Maria Benito
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 3030934098
ISBN 13: 9783030934095
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Networks Their Applications X Book Review:

The Evolution of Social Behaviour

The Evolution of Social Behaviour
Author: Michael Taborsky,Michael A. Cant,Jan Komdeur
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 429
Release: 2021-08-26
ISBN 10: 1107011183
ISBN 13: 9781107011182
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Social Behaviour Book Review:

First book to outline the fundamental principles of social evolution underlying the stunning diversity of social systems and behaviours.

The Pleistocene Social Contract

The Pleistocene Social Contract
Author: Kim Sterelny
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN 10: 0197531407
ISBN 13: 9780197531402
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Pleistocene Social Contract Book Review:

Kim Sterelny here builds on his original account of the evolutionary development and interaction of human culture and cooperation, which he first presented in The Evolved Apprentice (2012). Sterelny sees human evolution not as hinging on a single key innovation, but as emerging from a positive feedback loop caused by smaller divergences from other great apes, including bipedal locomotion, better causal and social reasoning, reproductive cooperation, and changes in diet and foraging style. He advances this argument in The Pleistocene Social Contract with four key claims about cooperation, culture, and their interaction in human evolution. First, he proposes a new model of the evolution of human cooperation. He suggests human cooperation began from a baseline that was probably similar to that of great apes, advancing about 1.8 million years ago to an initial phase of cooperative forging, in small mobile bands. Second, he then presents a novel account of the change in evolutionary dynamics of cooperation: from cooperation profits based on collective action and mutualism, to profits based on direct and indirect reciprocation over the course of the Pleistocene. Third, he addresses the question of normative regulation, or moral norms, for band-scale cooperation, and connects it to the stabilization of indirect reciprocation as a central aspect of forager cooperation. Fourth, he develops an account of the emergence of inequality that links inequality to intermediate levels of conflict and cooperation: a final phase of cooperation in largescale, hierarchical societies in the Holocene, beginning about 12,000 years ago. The Pleistocene Social Contract combines philosophy of biology with a reading of the archaeological and ethnographic record to present a new model of the evolution of human cooperation, cultural learning, and inequality.

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems
Author: Frank L. Lewis,Hongwei Zhang,Kristian Hengster-Movric,Abhijit Das
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 307
Release: 2013-12-31
ISBN 10: 1447155742
ISBN 13: 9781447155744
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperative Control of Multi Agent Systems Book Review:

Cooperative Control of Multi-Agent Systems extends optimal control and adaptive control design methods to multi-agent systems on communication graphs. It develops Riccati design techniques for general linear dynamics for cooperative state feedback design, cooperative observer design, and cooperative dynamic output feedback design. Both continuous-time and discrete-time dynamical multi-agent systems are treated. Optimal cooperative control is introduced and neural adaptive design techniques for multi-agent nonlinear systems with unknown dynamics, which are rarely treated in literature are developed. Results spanning systems with first-, second- and on up to general high-order nonlinear dynamics are presented. Each control methodology proposed is developed by rigorous proofs. All algorithms are justified by simulation examples. The text is self-contained and will serve as an excellent comprehensive source of information for researchers and graduate students working with multi-agent systems.

Management Thought

Management Thought
Author: Jayanta K Nanda
Publsiher: Sarup & Sons
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9788176256230
ISBN 13: 8176256234
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management Thought Book Review:

Advanced Engineering and Technology

Advanced Engineering and Technology
Author: Liquan Xie,Dianjian Huang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 740
Release: 2014-03-18
ISBN 10: 1315764741
ISBN 13: 9781315764740
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Engineering and Technology Book Review:

Advanced Engineering and Technology contains 110 technical papers from the 2014 Annual Congress on Advanced Engineering and Technology (CAET 2014, Hong Kong, 19-20 April 2014, including the 4th Workshop on Applied Mechanics and Civil Engineering, AMCE 2014). The contributions focus on advanced theories and technologies related to building engineeri

Proceedings of 2021 5th Chinese Conference on Swarm Intelligence and Cooperative Control

Proceedings of 2021 5th Chinese Conference on Swarm Intelligence and Cooperative Control
Author: Zhang Ren,Mengyi Wang,Yongzhao Hua
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1902
Release: 2022-08-17
ISBN 10: 9811939985
ISBN 13: 9789811939983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of 2021 5th Chinese Conference on Swarm Intelligence and Cooperative Control Book Review:

This book includes original, peer-reviewed research papers from the 2021 5th Chinese Conference on Swarm Intelligence and Cooperative Control (CCSICC2021), held in Shenzhen, China on January 19-22, 2022. The topics covered include but are not limited to: reviews and discussions of swarm intelligence, basic theories on swarm intelligence, swarm communication and networking, swarm perception, awareness and location, swarm decision and planning, cooperative control, cooperative guidance, swarm simulation and assessment. The papers showcased here share the latest findings on theories, algorithms and applications in swarm intelligence and cooperative control, making the book a valuable asset for researchers, engineers, and university students alike.

Machine Learning for Networking

Machine Learning for Networking
Author: Selma Boumerdassi,Éric Renault,Paul Mühlethaler
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2020-04-19
ISBN 10: 3030457788
ISBN 13: 9783030457785
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Machine Learning for Networking Book Review:

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Machine Learning for Networking, MLN 2019, held in Paris, France, in December 2019. The 26 revised full papers included in the volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. They present and discuss new trends in deep and reinforcement learning, patternrecognition and classi cation for networks, machine learning for network slicingoptimization, 5G system, user behavior prediction, multimedia, IoT, securityand protection, optimization and new innovative machine learning methods, performanceanalysis of machine learning algorithms, experimental evaluations ofmachine learning, data mining in heterogeneous networks, distributed and decentralizedmachine learning algorithms, intelligent cloud-support communications,ressource allocation, energy-aware communications, software de ned networks,cooperative networks, positioning and navigation systems, wireless communications,wireless sensor networks, underwater sensor networks.

Cooperative Evolution

Cooperative Evolution
Author: Christopher Bryant,Valerie A. Brown
Publsiher: ANU Press
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2021-03-16
ISBN 10: 1760464295
ISBN 13: 9781760464295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperative Evolution Book Review:

Cooperative Evolution offers a fresh account of evolution consistent with Charles Darwin’s own account of a cooperative, inter-connected, buzzing and ever-changing world. Told in accessible language, treating evolutionary change as a cooperative enterprise brings some surprising shifts from the traditional emphasis on the dominance of competition. The book covers many evolutionary changes reconsidered as cooperation. These include the cooperative origins of life, evolution as a spiral rather than a ladder or tree, humans as a part of natural systems rather than the purpose, relationships between natural and social change, and the role of the individual in adaptive radiation onto new ground. The story concludes with a projection of human evolution from the past into the future. ‘Environmental studies courses have needed a book like Cooperative Evolution for a long time. It is a boon for those teaching the complexity of the evolutionary story.’ — Dr John A. Harris, BSc(Hons) MSc PhD, School of Environmental Science, University of Canberra ‘As a regenerative, holistic-thinking farmer I daily witness the results of cooperative evolution as the seasons unfold. A pleasure to read, Cooperative Evolution gives entry to recent thinking on evolutionary processes.’ — David Marsh, MSA, ‘Allendale’, Boorowa, New South Wales, 2018 National Individual Landcarer Award recipient ‘This book is an engaging new look at ideas about evolution as we know it today. In the hands of two eminent biologists, it presents an approachable yet challenging argument. I heartily recommend it.’ — Emeritus Professor Sue Stocklmayer AO, BSc MSc PhD, Centre for the Public Awareness of Science, The Australian National University

Resolving Social Dilemmas

Resolving Social Dilemmas
Author: Margaret Foddy,Michael Smithson,Sherry Schneider,Michael A. Hogg
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2013-05-13
ISBN 10: 1134838816
ISBN 13: 9781134838813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resolving Social Dilemmas Book Review: