Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging
Author: Kenneth R. Arnold,Michael R. Rose
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021-06-15
ISBN 10: 9780128215456
ISBN 13: 0128215453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging Book Review:

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging continues the innovative Conceptual Breakthroughs series by providing a comprehensive outline of the major breakthroughs that built the evolutionary biology of aging as a leading scientific field. Following the evolutionary study of aging from its humble origins to the present, the book's chapters treat the field's breakthroughs one at a time. Users will find a concise and accessible analysis of the science of aging viewed through an evolutionary lens. Building upon widely-cited studies conducted by author Michael Rose, this book covers 30 subsequent years of growth and development within the field. The book highlights key publications for those who are not experts in the field, providing an important resource for researchers. Given the prevailing interest in changing the aging process dramatically, it is a powerful tool for readers who have a vested interest in understanding its causes and future control measures. Reviews cell-molecular theories of aging in the light of evolutionary biology Offers an evolutionary analysis of prospects for mitigating aging not commonly discussed within private and public sectors Provides readers with a radically different perspective on contemporary biological gerontology, specifically through the lens of evolutionary biology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology
Author: Laurence Mueller
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2019-11-25
ISBN 10: 0128160144
ISBN 13: 9780128160145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Book Review:

Although biologists recognize evolutionary ecology by name, many only have a limited understanding of its conceptual roots and historical development. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. Written by a world-renowned evolutionary ecologist, this book embodies a unique blend of expertise in combining theory and experiment, population genetics and ecology. Following an easily-accessible structure, this book encapsulates and chronologizes the history behind evolutionary ecology. It also focuses on the integration of age-structure and density-dependent selection into an understanding of life-history evolution. Covers over 60 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and ecology Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics
Author: John C. Avise
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2014-01-18
ISBN 10: 0124202373
ISBN 13: 9780124202375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics Book Review:

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics is a pithy, lively book occupying a special niche—the conceptual history of evolutionary genetics— not inhabited by any other available treatment. Written by a world-leading authority in evolutionary genetics, this work encapsulates and ranks 70 of the most significant paradigm shifts in evolutionary biology and genetics during the century-and-a-half since Darwin and Mendel. The science of evolutionary genetics is central to all of biology, but many students and other practitioners have little knowledge of its historical roots and conceptual developments. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. This fascinating chronological journey along the many conceptual pathways to our modern understanding of evolutionary and genetic principles is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and genetics. But more than that, anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science will find much of value between its covers. Provides a relative ranking of 70 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and genetics Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science Extensively cross-referenced with a guide to landmark papers and books for each topic

Biology of Aging

Biology of Aging
Author: Robert Arking
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2006-02-02
ISBN 10: 0195167392
ISBN 13: 9780195167399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology of Aging Book Review:

Robert Arking's Biology of Aging is an introductory text to the biology of aging which gives advanced undergraduate and graduate students a thorough review of the entire field. The mass of data related to aging is summarized into fifteen focused chapters, each dealing with some particular aspect of the problem. His prior two editions have also served admirably as a reference text for clinicians and scientists. This new edition captures the extraordinary recent advances in our knowledge of the ultimate and proximal mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of aging.

Evolutionary Biology of Aging

Evolutionary Biology of Aging
Author: Michael R. Rose
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 1994-10-27
ISBN 10: 0190282576
ISBN 13: 9780190282578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary Biology of Aging Book Review:

This unique book looks at the biology of aging from a fundamentally new perspective, one based on evolutionary theory rather than traditional concepts which emphasize molecular and cellular processes. The basis for this approach lies in the fact that natural selection, as a powerful determining force, tends to decline in importance with age. Many of the characteristics we associate with aging, the author argues, are more the result of this decline than any mechanical imperative contained within organic structures. This theory in turn yields the most fruitful avenues for seeking answers to the problem of aging, and should be recognized as the intellectual core of gerontology and the foundation for future research. The author ably surveys the vast literature on aging, presenting mathematical, experimental, and comparative findings to illustrate and support the central thesis. The result is the first complete synthesis of this vital field. Evolutionary biologists, gerontologists, and all those concerned with the science of aging will find it a stimulating, strongly argued account.

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science
Author: National Academy of Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Working Group on Teaching Evolution
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 150
Release: 1998-05-06
ISBN 10: 0309063647
ISBN 13: 9780309063647
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science Book Review:

Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.

Inside the Human Genome

Inside the Human Genome
Author: John C. Avise
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2010-02-12
ISBN 10: 0195393430
ISBN 13: 9780195393439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inside the Human Genome Book Review:

How do you explain flaw in a world engineered by God? Avise extends this age-old question to the most basic aspect of humanity's physical evidence-- our genes-- and provides the evolutionary answers.

Chasing Methuselah

Chasing Methuselah
Author: Todd T. W. Daly
Publsiher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2021-02-04
ISBN 10: 153269802X
ISBN 13: 9781532698026
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chasing Methuselah Book Review:

The quest to live much longer has moved from legend to the laboratory. Recent breakthroughs in genetics and pharmacology have put humanity on the precipice of slowing down human aging to extend the healthy life span. The promise of longer, healthier life is enormously attractive, and poses several challenging questions for Christians. Who wouldn't want to live 120 years or more before dying quickly? How do we make sense of human aging in light of Jesus' invitation to daily take up our crosses with the promise of the resurrection to come? Is there anything wrong with manipulating our bodies technologically to live longer? If so, how long is too long? Should aging itself be treated as a disease? In Chasing Methuselah, Todd Daly examines the modern biomedical anti-aging project from a Christian perspective, drawing on the ancient wisdom of the Desert Fathers, who believed that the incarnation opened a way for human life to regain the longevity of Adam and the biblical patriarchs through prayer and fasting. Daly balances these insights with the christological anthropology of Karl Barth, discussing the implications for human finitude, fear of death, and the use of anti-aging technology, weaving a path between outright condemnation and uncritical enthusiasm.

The Future of Aging

The Future of Aging
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 866
Release: 2010-07-28
ISBN 10: 9048139996
ISBN 13: 9789048139996
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Aging Book Review:

Just as the health costs of aging threaten to bankrupt developed countries, this book makes the scientific case that a biological "bailout" could be on the way, and that human aging can be different in the future than it is today. Here 40 authors argue how our improving understanding of the biology of aging and selected technologies should enable the successful use of many different and complementary methods for ameliorating aging, and why such interventions are appropriate based on our current historical, anthropological, philosophical, ethical, evolutionary, and biological context. Challenging concepts are presented together with in-depth reviews and paradigm-breaking proposals that collectively illustrate the potential for changing aging as never before. The proposals extend from today to a future many decades from now in which the control of aging may become effectively complete. Examples include sirtuin-modulating pills, new concepts for attacking cardiovascular disease and cancer, mitochondrial rejuvenation, stem cell therapies and regeneration, tissue reconstruction, telomere maintenance, prevention of immunosenescence, extracellular rejuvenation, artificial DNA repair, and full deployment of nanotechnology. The Future of Aging will make you think about aging differently and is a challenge to all of us to open our eyes to the future therapeutic potential of biogerontology.

The Logic of Chance

The Logic of Chance
Author: Eugene V. Koonin
Publsiher: FT Press
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2011-06-23
ISBN 10: 9780132623179
ISBN 13: 013262317X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Logic of Chance Book Review:

The Logic of Chance offers a reappraisal and a new synthesis of theories, concepts, and hypotheses on the key aspects of the evolution of life on earth in light of comparative genomics and systems biology. The author presents many specific examples from systems and comparative genomic analysis to begin to build a new, much more detailed, complex, and realistic picture of evolution. The book examines a broad range of topics in evolutionary biology including the inadequacy of natural selection and adaptation as the only or even the main mode of evolution; the key role of horizontal gene transfer in evolution and the consequent overhaul of the Tree of Life concept; the central, underappreciated evolutionary importance of viruses; the origin of eukaryotes as a result of endosymbiosis; the concomitant origin of cells and viruses on the primordial earth; universal dependences between genomic and molecular-phenomic variables; and the evolving landscape of constraints that shape the evolution of genomes and molecular phenomes. "Koonin's account of viral and pre-eukaryotic evolution is undoubtedly up-to-date. His "mega views" of evolution (given what was said above) and his cosmological musings, on the other hand, are interesting reading." Summing Up: Recommended Reprinted with permission from CHOICE, copyright by the American Library Association.

Ageing and Technology

Ageing and Technology
Author: Emma Domínguez-Rué,Linda Nierling
Publsiher: transcript Verlag
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2016-01-31
ISBN 10: 3839429579
ISBN 13: 9783839429570
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ageing and Technology Book Review:

The booming increase of the senior population has become a social phenomenon and a challenge to our societies, and technological advances have undoubtedly contributed to improve the lives of elderly citizens in numerous aspects. In current debates on technology, however, the »human factor« is often largely ignored. The ageing individual is rather seen as a malfunctioning machine whose deficiencies must be diagnosed or as a set of limitations to be overcome by means of technological devices. This volume aims at focusing on the perspective of human beings deriving from the development and use of technology: this change of perspective - taking the human being and not technology first - may help us to become more sensitive to the ambivalences involved in the interaction between humans and technology, as well as to adapt technologies to the people that created the need for its existence, thus contributing to improve the quality of life of senior citizens.

The Life Sciences

The Life Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: National Academies
Total Pages: 552
Release: 1970-01-01
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: NAP:13064
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Life Sciences Book Review:

Conceptual Breakthroughs

Conceptual Breakthroughs
Author: Adam Martiny,Jennifer Hughes Martiny,John C. Avise
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2022-03-15
ISBN 10: 9780323855068
ISBN 13: 0323855067
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conceptual Breakthroughs Book Review:

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Microbial Ecology and Evolution continues the innovative Conceptual Breakthroughs series by providing a comprehensive outline of the combination of the major breakthroughs for this young and emerging scientific field. The chapters cover important theoretical, technical, and natural history discoveries that have led to conceptual breakthroughs. The book offers a concise and accessible analysis of microbiology viewed through an ecological and evolutionary lens. By highlighting and interpreting key publications over the past 50 years, the book provides an important resource for students and researchers as they navigate this fast-moving research area. The authors draw upon literature from diverse ecosystems (such as oceans, soil and humans) and fields of study (microbiology, ecology, evolutionary biology, medical microbiology, molecular biology). The book offers a framework for readers to place contemporary studies into a historical context Reviews the history of the field and highlights intellectual challenges, debates, and breakthroughs Demonstrates how technical advances in microbial and molecular tools have led to conceptual breakthroughs Provides a time-line of key natural history discoveries that have influenced the field's direction

Human Evolutionary Genetics

Human Evolutionary Genetics
Author: Mark Jobling,Matthew Hurles,Chris Tyler-Smith
Publsiher: Garland Science
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2013-06-25
ISBN 10: 1136844147
ISBN 13: 9781136844140
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Evolutionary Genetics Book Review:

Human Evolutionary Genetics is a groundbreaking text which for the first time brings together molecular genetics and genomics to the study of the origins and movements of human populations. Starting with an overview of molecular genomics for the non-specialist (which can be a useful review for those with a more genetic background), the book shows how data from the post-genomic era can be used to examine human origins and the human colonization of the planet, richly illustrated with genetic trees and global maps. For the first time in a textbook, the authors outline how genetic data and the understanding of our origins which emerges, can be applied to contemporary population analyses, including genealogies, forensics and medicine.

Emergent Theories of Aging

Emergent Theories of Aging
Author: James E. Birren
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 552
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015012588920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emergent Theories of Aging Book Review:

On the Origin of Products

On the Origin of Products
Author: Arthur O. Eger,Huub Ehlhardt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2018-01-31
ISBN 10: 1107187656
ISBN 13: 9781107187658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

On the Origin of Products Book Review:

Provides an evolutionary perspective on the origin of products. Offers a method to give designers directions in New Product Development.

Handbook of Life Course Health Development

Handbook of Life Course Health Development
Author: Neal Halfon,Christopher B. Forrest,Richard M. Lerner,Elaine M. Faustman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2017-11-20
ISBN 10: 3319471430
ISBN 13: 9783319471433
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Life Course Health Development Book Review:

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. ​This handbook synthesizes and analyzes the growing knowledge base on life course health development (LCHD) from the prenatal period through emerging adulthood, with implications for clinical practice and public health. It presents LCHD as an innovative field with a sound theoretical framework for understanding wellness and disease from a lifespan perspective, replacing previous medical, biopsychosocial, and early genomic models of health. Interdisciplinary chapters discuss major health concerns (diabetes, obesity), important less-studied conditions (hearing, kidney health), and large-scale issues (nutrition, adversity) from a lifespan viewpoint. In addition, chapters address methodological approaches and challenges by analyzing existing measures, studies, and surveys. The book concludes with the editors’ research agenda that proposes priorities for future LCHD research and its application to health care practice and health policy. Topics featured in the Handbook include: The prenatal period and its effect on child obesity and metabolic outcomes. Pregnancy complications and their effect on women’s cardiovascular health. A multi-level approach for obesity prevention in children. Application of the LCHD framework to autism spectrum disorder. Socioeconomic disadvantage and its influence on health development across the lifespan. The importance of nutrition to optimal health development across the lifespan. The Handbook of Life Course Health Development is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians/professionals, and graduate students in developmental psychology/science; maternal and child health; social work; health economics; educational policy and politics; and medical law as well as many interrelated subdisciplines in psychology, medicine, public health, mental health, education, social welfare, economics, sociology, and law.

Concepts of Biology

Concepts of Biology
Author: Samantha Fowler,Rebecca Roush,James Wise
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 618
Release: 2018-01-07
ISBN 10: 9789888407453
ISBN 13: 9888407457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts of Biology Book Review:

Concepts of Biology is designed for the single-semester introduction to biology course for non-science majors, which for many students is their only college-level science course. As such, this course represents an important opportunity for students to develop the necessary knowledge, tools, and skills to make informed decisions as they continue with their lives. Rather than being mired down with facts and vocabulary, the typical non-science major student needs information presented in a way that is easy to read and understand. Even more importantly, the content should be meaningful. Students do much better when they understand why biology is relevant to their everyday lives. For these reasons, Concepts of Biology is grounded on an evolutionary basis and includes exciting features that highlight careers in the biological sciences and everyday applications of the concepts at hand.We also strive to show the interconnectedness of topics within this extremely broad discipline. In order to meet the needs of today's instructors and students, we maintain the overall organization and coverage found in most syllabi for this course. A strength of Concepts of Biology is that instructors can customize the book, adapting it to the approach that works best in their classroom. Concepts of Biology also includes an innovative art program that incorporates critical thinking and clicker questions to help students understand--and apply--key concepts.

The Princeton Guide to Evolution

The Princeton Guide to Evolution
Author: David A. Baum,Douglas J. Futuyma,Hopi E. Hoekstra,Richard E. Lenski,Allen J. Moore,Cahterine L. Peichel,Dolph Schluter,Michael C. Whitlock
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2013-11-04
ISBN 10: 1400848067
ISBN 13: 9781400848065
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Princeton Guide to Evolution Book Review:

The Princeton Guide to Evolution is a comprehensive, concise, and authoritative reference to the major subjects and key concepts in evolutionary biology, from genes to mass extinctions. Edited by a distinguished team of evolutionary biologists, with contributions from leading researchers, the guide contains some 100 clear, accurate, and up-to-date articles on the most important topics in seven major areas: phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society. Complete with more than 100 illustrations (including eight pages in color), glossaries of key terms, suggestions for further reading on each topic, and an index, this is an essential volume for undergraduate and graduate students, scientists in related fields, and anyone else with a serious interest in evolution. Explains key topics in some 100 concise and authoritative articles written by a team of leading evolutionary biologists Contains more than 100 illustrations, including eight pages in color Each article includes an outline, glossary, bibliography, and cross-references Covers phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society

Handbook of Mental Health and Aging

Handbook of Mental Health and Aging
Author: Nathan Hantke,Amit Etkin,Ruth O'Hara
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2020-04-11
ISBN 10: 0128004932
ISBN 13: 9780128004937
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Mental Health and Aging Book Review:

The Handbook of Mental Health and Aging, Third Edition provides a foundational background for practitioners and researchers to understand mental health care in older adults as presented by leading experts in the field. Wherever possible, chapters integrate research into clinical practice. The book opens with conceptual factors, such as the epidemiology of mental health disorders in aging and cultural factors that impact mental health. The book transitions into neurobiological-based topics such as biomarkers, age-related structural changes in the brain, and current models of accelerated aging in mental health. Clinical topics include dementia, neuropsychology, psychotherapy, psychopharmacology, mood disorders, anxiety, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, and substance abuse. The book closes with current and future trends in geriatric mental health, including the brain functional connectome, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), technology-based interventions, and treatment innovations. Identifies factors influencing mental health in older adults Includes biological, sociological, and psychological factors Reviews epidemiology of different mental health disorders Supplies separate chapters on grief, schizophrenia, mood, anxiety, and sleep disorders Discusses biomarkers and genetics of mental health and aging Provides assessment and treatment approaches