Concepts and Experimental Protocols of Modelling and Informatics in Drug Design

Concepts and Experimental Protocols of Modelling and Informatics in Drug Design
Author: Om Silakari,Pankaj Kumar Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2020-11-05
ISBN 10: 0128205474
ISBN 13: 9780128205471
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts and Experimental Protocols of Modelling and Informatics in Drug Design Book Review:

Concepts and Experimental Protocols of Modelling and Informatics in Drug Design discusses each experimental protocol utilized in the field of bioinformatics, focusing especially on computer modeling for drug development. It helps the user in understanding the field of computer-aided molecular modeling (CAMM) by presenting solved exercises and examples. The book discusses topics such as fundamentals of molecular modeling, QSAR model generation, protein databases and how to use them to select and analyze protein structure, and pharmacophore modeling for drug targets. Additionally, it discusses data retrieval system, molecular surfaces, and freeware and online servers. The book is a valuable source for graduate students and researchers on bioinformatics, molecular modeling, biotechnology and several members of biomedical field who need to understand more about computer-aided molecular modeling. Presents exercises with solutions to aid readers in validating their own protocol Brings a thorough interpretation of results of each exercise to help readers compare them to their own study Explains each parameter utilized in the algorithms to help readers understand and manipulate various features of molecules and target protein to design their study

Pharmacology of Drug Stereoisomers

Pharmacology of Drug Stereoisomers
Author: Alexander A. Spasov,Igor N. Iezhitsa,Pavel M. Vassiliev,Alexander A. Ozerov,Renu Agarwal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2022-09-10
ISBN 10: 9811923205
ISBN 13: 9789811923203
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmacology of Drug Stereoisomers Book Review:

The book is devoted to an important aspect of pharmacology and pharmaceutical chemistry, i.e. the significance of stereoisomerism of drugs for their biological effect from the point of view of their pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and toxicology. The authors review the landmarks in the development of stereochemistry and stereopharmacology. Present-day IUPAC terminology is discussed; general issues of stereoisomerism are considered including separation of racemic mixtures and asymmetric synthesis of isomers, methods of quantifying the isomers of a drug in biological material. The authors put special emphasis on general problems of the influence of stereoisomerism on pharmacological and adverse effects of drugs. A classification of drugs based on stereochemical properties of their isomers is proposed. Possibilities of interaction of stereoisomers in racemic mixtures are discussed. A considerable portion of the book is devoted to pharmacological action of the main groups of drugs whose structure includes asymmetric atoms (that is, drugs with several isomers). Detailed attention is paid to advisability of developing single isomer drugs and to the specifics of their study at the stage of preclinical and clinical trials.

Molecular Docking for Computer Aided Drug Design

Molecular Docking for Computer Aided Drug Design
Author: S. Mohane Coumar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2021-02-17
ISBN 10: 0128223138
ISBN 13: 9780128223130
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Docking for Computer Aided Drug Design Book Review:

Molecular Docking for Computer-Aided Drug Design: Fundamentals, Techniques, Resources and Applications offers in-depth coverage on the use of molecular docking for drug design. The book is divided into three main sections that cover basic techniques, tools, web servers and applications. It is an essential reference for students and researchers involved in drug design and discovery. Covers the latest information and state-of-the-art trends in structure-based drug design methodologies Includes case studies that complement learning Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practice of molecular docking into one convenient resource

Chemoinformatics and Bioinformatics in the Pharmaceutical Sciences

Chemoinformatics and Bioinformatics in the Pharmaceutical Sciences
Author: Navneet Sharma,Himanshu Ojha,Pawan Raghav,Ramesh K. Goyal
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2021-05-21
ISBN 10: 0128217472
ISBN 13: 9780128217474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemoinformatics and Bioinformatics in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Book Review:

Chemoinformatics and Bioinformatics in the Pharmaceutical Sciences brings together two very important fields in pharmaceutical sciences that have been mostly seen as diverging from each other: chemoinformatics and bioinformatics. As developing drugs is an expensive and lengthy process, technology can improve the cost, efficiency and speed at which new drugs can be discovered and tested. This book presents some of the growing advancements of technology in the field of drug development and how the computational approaches explained here can reduce the financial and experimental burden of the drug discovery process. This book will be useful to pharmaceutical science researchers and students who need basic knowledge of computational techniques relevant to their projects. Bioscientists, bioinformaticians, computational scientists, and other stakeholders from industry and academia will also find this book helpful. Provides practical information on how to choose and use appropriate computational tools Presents the wide, intersecting fields of chemo-bio-informatics in an easily-accessible format Explores the fundamentals of the emerging field of chemoinformatics and bioinformatics

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening
Author: Alexandre Varnek,Alex Tropsha
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 0854041443
ISBN 13: 9780854041442
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening Book Review:

Chemoinformatics is broadly a scientific discipline encompassing the design, creation, organization, management, retrieval, analysis, dissemination, visualization and use of chemical information. It is distinct from other computational molecular modeling approaches in that it uses unique representations of chemical structures in the form of multiple chemical descriptors; has its own metrics for defining similarity and diversity of chemical compound libraries; and applies a wide array of statistical, data mining and machine learning techniques to very large collections of chemical compounds in order to establish robust relationships between chemical structure and its physical or biological properties. Chemoinformatics addresses a broad range of problems in chemistry and biology; however, the most commonly known applications of chemoinformatics approaches have been arguably in the area of drug discovery where chemoinformatics tools have played a central role in the analysis and interpretation of structure-property data collected by the means of modern high throughput screening. Early stages in modern drug discovery often involved screening small molecules for their effects on a selected protein target or a model of a biological pathway. In the past fifteen years, innovative technologies that enable rapid synthesis and high throughput screening of large libraries of compounds have been adopted in almost all major pharmaceutical and biotech companies. As a result, there has been a huge increase in the number of compounds available on a routine basis to quickly screen for novel drug candidates against new targets/pathways. In contrast, such technologies have rarely become available to the academic research community, thus limiting its ability to conduct large scale chemical genetics or chemical genomics research. However, the landscape of publicly available experimental data collection methods for chemoinformatics has changed dramatically in very recent years. The term "virtual screening" is commonly associated with methodologies that rely on the explicit knowledge of three-dimensional structure of the target protein to identify potential bioactive compounds. Traditional docking protocols and scoring functions rely on explicitly defined three dimensional coordinates and standard definitions of atom types of both receptors and ligands. Albeit reasonably accurate in many cases, conventional structure based virtual screening approaches are relatively computationally inefficient, which has precluded them from screening really large compound collections. Significant progress has been achieved over many years of research in developing many structure based virtual screening approaches. This book is the first monograph that summarizes innovative applications of efficient chemoinformatics approaches towards the goal of screening large chemical libraries. The focus on virtual screening expands chemoinformatics beyond its traditional boundaries as a synthetic and data-analytical area of research towards its recognition as a predictive and decision support scientific discipline. The approaches discussed by the contributors to the monograph rely on chemoinformatics concepts such as: -representation of molecules using multiple descriptors of chemical structures -advanced chemical similarity calculations in multidimensional descriptor spaces -the use of advanced machine learning and data mining approaches for building quantitative and predictive structure activity models -the use of chemoinformatics methodologies for the analysis of drug-likeness and property prediction -the emerging trend on combining chemoinformatics and bioinformatics concepts in structure based drug discovery The chapters of the book are organized in a logical flow that a typical chemoinformatics project would follow - from structure representation and comparison to data analysis and model building to applications of structure-property relationship models for hit identification and chemical library design. It opens with the overview of modern methods of compounds library design, followed by a chapter devoted to molecular similarity analysis. Four sections describe virtual screening based on the using of molecular fragments, 2D pharmacophores and 3D pharmacophores. Application of fuzzy pharmacophores for libraries design is the subject of the next chapter followed by a chapter dealing with QSAR studies based on local molecular parameters. Probabilistic approaches based on 2D descriptors in assessment of biological activities are also described with an overview of the modern methods and software for ADME prediction. The book ends with a chapter describing the new approach of coding the receptor binding sites and their respective ligands in multidimensional chemical descriptor space that affords an interesting and efficient alternative to traditional docking and screening techniques. Ligand-based approaches, which are in the focus of this work, are more computationally efficient compared to structure-based virtual screening and there are very few books related to modern developments in this field. The focus on extending the experiences accumulated in traditional areas of chemoinformatics research such as Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) or chemical similarity searching towards virtual screening make the theme of this monograph essential reading for researchers in the area of computer-aided drug discovery. However, due to its generic data-analytical focus there will be a growing application of chemoinformatics approaches in multiple areas of chemical and biological research such as synthesis planning, nanotechnology, proteomics, physical and analytical chemistry and chemical genomics.

Molecular Modeling in Drug Design

Molecular Modeling in Drug Design
Author: Rebecca Wade,Outi Salo-Ahen
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2019-03-26
ISBN 10: 3038976148
ISBN 13: 9783038976141
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Modeling in Drug Design Book Review:

Since the first attempts at structure-based drug design about four decades ago, molecular modelling techniques for drug design have developed enormously, along with the increasing computational power and structural and biological information of active compounds and potential target molecules. Nowadays, molecular modeling can be considered to be an integral component of the modern drug discovery and development toolbox. Nevertheless, there are still many methodological challenges to be overcome in the application of molecular modeling approaches to drug discovery. The eight original research and five review articles collected in this book provide a snapshot of the state-of-the-art of molecular modeling in drug design, illustrating recent advances and critically discussing important challenges. The topics covered include virtual screening and pharmacophore modelling, chemoinformatic applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning, molecular dynamics simulation and enhanced sampling to investigate contributions of molecular flexibility to drug–receptor interactions, the modeling of drug–receptor solvation, hydrogen bonding and polarization, and drug design against protein–protein interfaces and membrane protein receptors.

Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery

Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery
Author: Michael Lutz,Terry Kenakin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2000-01-10
ISBN 10: 9780471988618
ISBN 13: 0471988618
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery Book Review:

Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery Michael Lutz, Section Head, Cheminformatics Group and Terry Kenakin, Principal Research Scientist, Glaxo Wellcome Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery combines pharmacology, genetics and statistics to provide a complete guide to the modern drug discovery process. The book discusses the pharmacology of drug testing and provides a detailed description of the statistical methods used to analyze the resulting data. Application of genetic and genomic tools for identification of biological targets is reviewed in the context of drug discovery projects. Covering both the theoretical principles upon which the techniques are based and the practicalities of drug discovery, this informative guide. * outlines in step-by-step detail the advantages and disadvantages of each technology and approach and links these to the type of chemical target being sought after in the drug discovery process; and, * provides excellent demonstrations of how to use powerful pharmacological and statistical tools to optimize high-throughput screening assays. Written by two internationally known and well-regarded experts, this book is an essential reference for research and development scientists working in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. It will also be useful for postgraduates studying pharmacology and applied statistics.

Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment

Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment
Author: Kunal Roy,Supratik Kar,Rudra Narayan Das
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2015-03-03
ISBN 10: 0128016337
ISBN 13: 9780128016336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment Book Review:

Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment describes the historical evolution of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches and their fundamental principles. This book includes clear, introductory coverage of the statistical methods applied in QSAR and new QSAR techniques, such as HQSAR and G-QSAR. Containing real-world examples that illustrate important methodologies, this book identifies QSAR as a valuable tool for many different applications, including drug discovery, predictive toxicology and risk assessment. Written in a straightforward and engaging manner, this is the ideal resource for all those looking for general and practical knowledge of QSAR methods. Includes numerous practical examples related to QSAR methods and applications Follows the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development principles for QSAR model development Discusses related techniques such as structure-based design and the combination of structure- and ligand-based design tools

Current Methods In Medicinal Chemistry And Biological Physics

Current Methods In Medicinal Chemistry And Biological Physics
Author: Carlton A. Taft
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2008-01-01
ISBN 10: 9788130802923
ISBN 13: 8130802929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Methods In Medicinal Chemistry And Biological Physics Book Review:

This book is aimed at, from students to advanced researchers, for anyone that is interested or works with current experimental and theoretical methods in medicinal chemistry and biological physics, with particular interest in chemoinformatics, bioinformatics, molecular modeling, QSAR, spectrometry, molecular biology and combinatorial chemistry for many therapeutic purposes. This book attempts to convey something of the fascination of working in these multidisciplinar areas, which overlap knowledge of chemistry, physics, biochemistry, biology and pharmacology. This second volume, in particular, contains 11 chapters, of which 6 are related to theoretical methods in medicinal chemistry and at least 5 deal with experimental/mixed methods. In the modern computational medicinal chemistry, quantum mechanics (QM) plays an important role since the associated methods can describe molecular energies, bond breaking or forming, charge transfer and polarization effects. Historically in drug design, QM ligand-based applications were devoted to investigations of electronic features, and they have also been routinely used in the development of quantum descriptors in quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) approaches. In chapter 1, we present an overview of the state-of-the-art of quantum methods currently used in medicinal chemistry. Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation is a sophisticated molecular modeling technique useful to describe molecular structures and macroscopic properties in very large molecular systems comprising hundreds or even thousands of atoms. In the field of drug discovery, MD simulation has been widely used to understand the biomolecule structure, drug and biomolecule interactions. The chapter 2 outlines the theory and practical details of MD approach and focuses on its application in studies of prediction of binding affinities for putative receptor-ligand complexes. In chapter 3 we discuss the important role of the homology modeling procedure in the drug discovery process. This strategy, associated with computational power and more sophisticated and robust algorithms, has been used to predict properties, energies, conformations and support the binding modes of ligands inside their receptor sites. This approach is vital in structure-based drug design (SBBD), since it can quickly predict the tertiary structure of the target whose structure has not been experimentally solved. In drug discovery research, a massive dataset of information is involved and the high throughput screening of typically millions of compounds plays an important role. Different docking protocols can be combined in order to predict binding models and affinities of a ligand with a target receptor, selecting as example the best drug-like compound candidates to further experimental assays, leading to a reduction in the time and cost of the drug discovery process. In the chapter 4, we discuss the general basis and aspects of this approach, presenting some successful cases in drug discovery. Structure-based approaches have increasingly demonstrated their value in drug design. The impact of these technologies on early discovery and lead optimization is significant. Although there is a multiplicity of different approaches being employed in early stages of drug discovery, structure-based drug design (SBDD) is one of the most powerful techniques, and has been used quite frequently by scientists in the pharmaceutical industry as well as in academic laboratories over the past twenty years. The evolution of medicinal chemistry has resulted in an increase in the number of successful applications of structure-based approaches. Some case studies are presented in chapter 5, exploring the value of structure-based virtual screening (SBVS) approaches in drug design, highlighting the identification of novel, potent and selective receptor modulators with drug like properties. Drug discovery has moved toward more rational strategies based on our increasing understanding of the fundamental principles of protein-ligand interactions. The combination of available knowledge of several 3D protein structures with hundreds of thousands of commercially available small molecules has attracted the attention of scientists from all over the world for the application of structure-based pharmacophore strategies. Pharmacophore approaches offer timely and cost-effective ways to identify new drug-like ligands for a variety of biological targets, and their utility in drug design is unquestionable. In the chapter 6, the understanding and limitations of this approach in drug R&D are discussed. Modern molecular biology has inundated drug discovery organizations with countless potential novel drug targets. A foremost challenge for the researchers is to validate this asset of targets with bioactive small molecules (bioproducts can also be included). Eventually, they will be developed into drugs for the more promising targets. The difficulty of finding a good small-molecule starting point is at the beginning of the searching for a proper chemical space that is well related to biological space. Drugs that are small molecules and act at enzyme targets account for over 50% of all medicines in therapeutically use in the marketplace. It is for this reason that chapter 7 take thermodynamics of the small molecule-target enzyme interactions into account to a limited scope. So far, the main purpose of this chapter is to provide a guidance profile of biocalorimetry and its role in drug discovery and development. The chapter 8 intends to describe how proteomes can be analyzed and studied. It addresses some available databases and bioinformatics tools. The description of certain instrumentation, such as mass spectrometry is also presented, but not highly detailed. The aim of chapter 9 is to introduce the reader to the wide spectrum of tools currently available in the drug validation process. With the conclusion of the human genome sequencing, an increase demand for target validation follows the development of high throughput techniques used in the identification of potential new drugs. In vitro technology as the RNA interference (RNAi) and recombinant protein array together with advances on the in vivo technology as the development of transgenic animals, including here the humanized ones, will certainly improve the safety of future clinical trials processes and ultimately play an important role in the treatment of several human diseases. A therapeutically significant drug may have limited utilization in clinical practice because of various shortcomings like poor organoleptic properties (chloranphenicol), poor bioavailability (ampicilin), lack of site specificity (antineoplastic agents), incomplete absorption (epinephrine), poor aqueous solubility (corticosteroids), high first-pass metabolism (propranolol), low chemical stability (penicillin), high toxicity (thalidomide) or other adverse effects. Sometimes, an adequate pharmaceutical formulation can overcome these drawbacks, but often the galenic formulation is inoperant and a chemical modification of active molecule is necessary to correct its pharmacokinetic profile. This chemical formulation process, whose objective is to convert an interesting active molecule into a clinically acceptable drug, often involves the so-called prodrug design , which is extensively discussed in chapter 10. The dominant role of synthetic chemistry has been increasingly challenged by knowledge of the structure and functions of enzymes, receptors, channels, membrane pumps, nucleic acids and by the exponential growth of information about biology, genetics and pathology, giving paramount importance to the dialogue between chemists and biologists. Nevertheless, as in the old days, the development of new chemical entities is still highly dependent on the ability of chemists to obtain, with simple, reliable, fast and possibly inexpensive methods, the molecules that have been designed. Even if it is an undisputed fact that biology has become exceedingly important in drug research, it is reasonable to imagine that chemistry, and in particular synthetic organic chemistry, will continue to play a fundamental role in academic research and in the R&D departments of drug companies of the third millennium. In chapter 11, we describe synthetic routes that have been used to synthesize the structures of top drugs in current usage. This provides an ideal way of introducing students to a wide range of applied chemistry with brief descriptions of the modes of action of these drugs. Some contents of this book therefore reflect our own ideas and personal experiences, which are presented in reviews of different topics here investigated. It is interesting to consider the information described in this book as the starting point to access available and varied knowledge in Medicinal Chemistry and Biological Physics or related areas.

Advances in Protein Molecular and Structural Biology Methods

Advances in Protein Molecular and Structural Biology Methods
Author: Timir Tripathi,Vikash Kumar Dubey
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2022-01-14
ISBN 10: 0323902650
ISBN 13: 9780323902656
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Protein Molecular and Structural Biology Methods Book Review:

Advances in Protein Molecular and Structural Biology Methods offers a complete overview of the latest tools and methods applicable to the study of proteins at the molecular and structural level. The book begins with sections exploring tools to optimize recombinant protein expression and biophysical techniques such as fluorescence spectroscopy, NMR, mass spectrometry, cryo-electron microscopy, and X-ray crystallography. It then moves towards computational approaches, considering structural bioinformatics, molecular dynamics simulations, and deep machine learning technologies. The book also covers methods applied to intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs)followed by chapters on protein interaction networks, protein function, and protein design and engineering. It provides researchers with an extensive toolkit of methods and techniques to draw from when conducting their own experimental work, taking them from foundational concepts to practical application. Presents a thorough overview of the latest and emerging methods and technologies for protein study Explores biophysical techniques, including nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray crystallography, and cryo-electron microscopy Includes computational and machine learning methods Features a section dedicated to tools and techniques specific to studying intrinsically disordered proteins

Structural Bioinformatics Applications in Preclinical Drug Discovery Process

Structural Bioinformatics  Applications in Preclinical Drug Discovery Process
Author: C. Gopi Mohan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2019-01-10
ISBN 10: 3030052826
ISBN 13: 9783030052829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Bioinformatics Applications in Preclinical Drug Discovery Process Book Review:

This book reviews the advances and challenges of structure-based drug design in the preclinical drug discovery process, addressing various diseases, including malaria, tuberculosis and cancer. Written by internationally recognized researchers, this edited book discusses how the application of the various in-silico techniques, such as molecular docking, virtual screening, pharmacophore modeling, molecular dynamics simulations, and residue interaction networks offers insights into pharmacologically active novel molecular entities. It presents a clear concept of the molecular mechanism of different drug targets and explores methods to help understand drug resistance. In addition, it includes chapters dedicated to natural-product- derived medicines, combinatorial drug discovery, the CryoEM technique for structure-based drug design and big data in drug discovery. The book offers an invaluable resource for graduate and postgraduate students, as well as for researchers in academic and industrial laboratories working in the areas of chemoinformatics, medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacoinformatics.

Computer Aided Drug Design

Computer Aided Drug Design
Author: Dev Bukhsh Singh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2020-10-09
ISBN 10: 9811568154
ISBN 13: 9789811568152
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Aided Drug Design Book Review:

This book provides up-to-date information on bioinformatics tools for the discovery and development of new drug molecules. It discusses a range of computational applications, including three-dimensional modeling of protein structures, protein-ligand docking, and molecular dynamics simulation of protein-ligand complexes for identifying desirable drug candidates. It also explores computational approaches for identifying potential drug targets and for pharmacophore modeling. Moreover, it presents structure- and ligand-based drug design tools to optimize known drugs and guide the design of new molecules. The book also describes methods for identifying small-molecule binding pockets in proteins, and summarizes the databases used to explore the essential properties of drugs, drug-like small molecules and their targets. In addition, the book highlights various tools to predict the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) and toxicity (T) of potential drug candidates. Lastly, it reviews in silico tools that can facilitate vaccine design and discusses their limitations.

Biomarkers in Drug Development

Biomarkers in Drug Development
Author: Michael R. Bleavins,Claudio Carini,Mallé Jurima-Romet,Ramin Rahbari
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2011-09-20
ISBN 10: 1118210425
ISBN 13: 9781118210420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomarkers in Drug Development Book Review:

Discover how biomarkers can boost the success rate of drugdevelopment efforts As pharmaceutical companies struggle to improve the success rateand cost-effectiveness of the drug development process, biomarkershave emerged as a valuable tool. This book synthesizes and reviewsthe latest efforts to identify, develop, and integrate biomarkersas a key strategy in translational medicine and the drugdevelopment process. Filled with case studies, the bookdemonstrates how biomarkers can improve drug development timelines,lower costs, facilitate better compound selection, reducelate-stage attrition, and open the door to personalizedmedicine. Biomarkers in Drug Development is divided into eightparts: Part One offers an overview of biomarkers and their role in drugdevelopment. Part Two highlights important technologies to help researchersidentify new biomarkers. Part Three examines the characterization and validation processfor both drugs and diagnostics, and provides practical advice onappropriate statistical methods to ensure that biomarkers fulfilltheir intended purpose. Parts Four through Six examine the application of biomarkers indiscovery, preclinical safety assessment, clinical trials, andtranslational medicine. Part Seven focuses on lessons learned and the practical aspectsof implementing biomarkers in drug development programs. Part Eight explores future trends and issues, including dataintegration, personalized medicine, and ethical concerns. Each of the thirty-eight chapters was contributed by one or moreleading experts, including scientists from biotechnology andpharmaceutical firms, academia, and the U.S. Food and DrugAdministration. Their contributions offer pharmaceutical andclinical researchers the most up-to-date understanding of thestrategies used for and applications of biomarkers in drugdevelopment.

Chemoinformatics in Drug Discovery

Chemoinformatics in Drug Discovery
Author: Tudor I. Oprea
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 515
Release: 2006-03-06
ISBN 10: 3527604200
ISBN 13: 9783527604203
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemoinformatics in Drug Discovery Book Review:

This handbook provides the first-ever inside view of today's integrated approach to rational drug design. Chemoinformatics experts from large pharmaceutical companies, as well as from chemoinformatics service providers and from academia demonstrate what can be achieved today by harnessing the power of computational methods for the drug discovery process. With the user rather than the developer of chemoinformatics software in mind, this book describes the successful application of computational tools to real-life problems and presents solution strategies to commonly encountered problems. It shows how almost every step of the drug discovery pipeline can be optimized and accelerated by using chemoinformatics tools -- from the management of compound databases to targeted combinatorial synthesis, virtual screening and efficient hit-to-lead transition. An invaluable resource for drug developers and medicinal chemists in academia and industry.

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics
Author: Dev Bukhsh Singh,Rajesh Kumar Pathak
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2021-10-21
ISBN 10: 0323900054
ISBN 13: 9780323900058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioinformatics Book Review:

Bioinformatics: Methods and Applications provides a thorough and detailed description of principles, methods, and applications of bioinformatics in different areas of life sciences. It presents a compendium of many important topics of current advanced research and basic principles/approaches easily applicable to diverse research settings. The content encompasses topics such as biological databases, sequence analysis, genome assembly, RNA sequence data analysis, drug design, and structural and functional analysis of proteins. In addition, it discusses computational approaches for vaccine design, systems biology and big data analysis, and machine learning in bioinformatics. It is a valuable source for bioinformaticians, computer biologists, and members of biomedical field who needs to learn bioinformatics approaches to apply to their research and lab activities. Covers basic and more advanced developments of bioinformatics with a diverse and interdisciplinary approach to fulfill the needs of readers from different backgrounds Explains in a practical way how to decode complex biological problems using computational approaches and resources Brings case studies, real-world examples and several protocols to guide the readers with a problem-solving approach

Computational Drug Design

Computational Drug Design
Author: D. C. Young
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2009-01-28
ISBN 10: 9780470451847
ISBN 13: 047045184X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Drug Design Book Review:

Helps you choose the right computational tools and techniques to meet your drug design goals Computational Drug Design covers all of the major computational drug design techniques in use today, focusing on the process that pharmaceutical chemists employ to design a new drug molecule. The discussions of which computational tools to use and when and how to use them are all based on typical pharmaceutical industry drug design processes. Following an introduction, the book is divided into three parts: Part One, The Drug Design Process, sets forth a variety of design processes suitable for a number of different drug development scenarios and drug targets. The author demonstrates how computational techniques are typically used during the design process, helping readers choose the best computational tools to meet their goals. Part Two, Computational Tools and Techniques, offers a series of chapters, each one dedicated to a single computational technique. Readers discover the strengths and weaknesses of each technique. Moreover, the book tabulates comparative accuracy studies, giving readers an unbiased comparison of all the available techniques. Part Three, Related Topics, addresses new, emerging, and complementary technologies, including bioinformatics, simulations at the cellular and organ level, synthesis route prediction, proteomics, and prodrug approaches. The book's accompanying CD-ROM, a special feature, offers graphics of the molecular structures and dynamic reactions discussed in the book as well as demos from computational drug design software companies. Computational Drug Design is ideal for both students and professionals in drug design, helping them choose and take full advantage of the best computational tools available. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening
Author: Alexandre Varnek,Alexander Tropsha
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 9781847558879
ISBN 13: 1847558879
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening Book Review:

Chemoinformatics is broadly a scientific discipline encompassing the design, creation, organization, management, retrieval, analysis, dissemination, visualization and use of chemical information. It is distinct from other computational molecular modeling approaches in that it uses unique representations of chemical structures in the form of multiple chemical descriptors; has its own metrics for defining similarity and diversity of chemical compound libraries; and applies a wide array of statistical, data mining and machine learning techniques to very large collections of chemical compounds in order to establish robust relationships between chemical structure and its physical or biological properties. Chemoinformatics addresses a broad range of problems in chemistry and biology; however, the most commonly known applications of chemoinformatics approaches have been arguably in the area of drug discovery where chemoinformatics tools have played a central role in the analysis and interpretation of structure-property data collected by the means of modern high throughput screening.Early stages in modern drug discovery often involved screening small molecules for their effects on a selected protein target or a model of a biological pathway. In the past fifteen years, innovative technologies that enable rapid synthesis and high throughput screening of large libraries of compounds have been adopted in almost all major pharmaceutical and biotech companies. As a result, there has been a huge increase in the number of compounds available on a routine basis to quickly screen for novel drug candidates against new targets/pathways. In contrast, such technologies have rarely become available to the academic research community, thus limiting its ability to conduct large scale chemical genetics or chemical genomics research. However, the landscape of publicly available experimental data collection methods for chemoinformatics has changed dramatically in very recent years. The term virtual screening is commonly associated with methodologies that rely on the explicit knowledge of three-dimensional structure of the target protein to identify potential bioactive compounds.Traditional docking protocols and scoring functions rely on explicitly defined three dimensional coordinates and standard definitions of atom types of both receptors and ligands. Albeit reasonably accurate in many cases, conventional structure based virtual screening approaches are relatively computationally inefficient, which has precluded them from screening really large compound collections. Significant progress has been achieved over many years of research in developing many structure based virtual screening approaches. This book is the first monograph that summarizes innovative applications of efficient chemoinformatics approaches towards the goal of screening large chemical libraries. The focus on virtual screening expands chemoinformatics beyond its traditional boundaries as a synthetic and data-analytical area of research towards its recognition as a predictive and decision support scientific discipline.The approaches discussed by the contributors to the monograph rely on chemoinformatics concepts such as: -representation of molecules using multiple descriptors of chemical structures -advanced chemical similarity calculations in multidimensional descriptor spaces -the use of advanced machine learning and data mining approaches for building quantitative and predictive structure activity models -the use of chemoinformatics methodologies for the analysis of drug-likeness and property prediction -the emerging trend on combining chemoinformatics and bioinformatics concepts in structure based drug discovery The chapters of the book are organized in a logical flow that a typical chemoinformatics project would follow - from structure representation and comparison to data analysis and model building to applications of structure-property relationship models for hit identification and chemical library design. It opens with the overview of modern methods of compounds library design, followed by a chapter devoted to molecular similarity analysis. Four sections describe virtual screening based on the using of molecular fragments, 2D pharmacophores and 3D pharmacophores.Application of fuzzy pharmacophores for libraries design is the subject of the next chapter followed by a chapter dealing with QSAR studies based on local molecular parameters. Probabilistic approaches based on 2D descriptors in assessment of biological activities are also described with an overview of the modern methods and software for ADME prediction. The book ends with a chapter describing the new approach of coding the receptor binding sites and their respective ligands in multidimensional chemical descriptor space that affords an interesting and efficient alternative to traditional docking and screening techniques. Ligand-based approaches, which are in the focus of this work, are more computationally efficient compared to structure-based virtual screening and there are very few books related to modern developments in this field. The focus on extending the experiences accumulated in traditional areas of chemoinformatics research such as Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) or chemical similarity searching towards virtual screening make the theme of this monograph essential reading for researchers in the area of computer-aided drug discovery.However, due to its generic data-analytical focus there will be a growing application of chemoinformatics approaches in multiple areas of chemical and biological research such as synthesis planning, nanotechnology, proteomics, physical and analytical chemistry and chemical genomics.

Bioinformatics and Drug Discovery

Bioinformatics and Drug Discovery
Author: Richard S. Larson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9781617799655
ISBN 13: 1617799653
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioinformatics and Drug Discovery Book Review:

Recent advances in drug discovery have been rapid. The second edition of Bioinformatics and Drug Discovery has been completely updated to include topics that range from new technologies in target identification, genomic analysis, cheminformatics, protein analysis, and network or pathway analysis. Each chapter provides an extended introduction that describes the theory and application of the technology. In the second part of each chapter, detailed procedures related to the use of these technologies and software have been incorporated. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results in the laboratory. Thorough and intuitive, Bioinformatics and Drug Discovery, Second Edition seeks to aid scientists in the further study of the rapidly expanding field of drug discovery.

Drug Repurposing

Drug Repurposing
Author: Farid A. Badria
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2020-12-02
ISBN 10: 1839685204
ISBN 13: 9781839685200
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drug Repurposing Book Review:

Drug repurposing or drug repositioning is a new approach to presenting new indications for common commercial and clinically approved existing drugs. For example, chloroquine, an old antimalarial drug, showed promising results for treating COVID-19, interfering with MDR in several types of cancer, and chemosensitizing human leukemic cells.This book focuses on the hypothesis, risk/benefits, and economic impacts of drug repurposing on drug discovery in dermatology, infectious diseases, neurological disorders, cancer, and orphan diseases. It brings together up-to-date research to provide readers with an informative, illustrative, and easy-to-read book useful for students, clinicians, and the pharmaceutical industry.

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Structure and Ligand Based Drug Design

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Structure  and Ligand Based Drug Design
Author: Adriano D. Andricopulo,Leonardo L. G. Ferreira
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-02-05
ISBN 10: 2889457443
ISBN 13: 9782889457441
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Structure and Ligand Based Drug Design Book Review:

Chemoinformatics is paramount to current drug discovery. Structure- and ligand-based drug design strategies have been used to uncover hidden patterns in large amounts of data, and to disclose the molecular aspects underlying ligand-receptor interactions. This Research Topic aims to share with a broad audience the most recent trends in the use of chemoinformatics in drug design. To that end, experts in all areas of drug discovery have made their knowledge available through a series of articles that report state-of-the-art approaches. Readers are provided with outstanding contributions focusing on a wide variety of topics which will be of great value to those interested in the many different and exciting facets of drug design.