Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies

Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies
Author: Sorin Hostiuc
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 431
Release: 2018-08-07
ISBN 10: 0128137657
ISBN 13: 9780128137659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies Book Review:

Clinical Ethics at the Crossroads of Genetic and Reproductive Technologies offers thorough discussions on preconception carrier screening, genetic engineering and the use of CRISPR gene editing, mitochondrial gene replacement therapy, sex selection, predictive testing, secondary findings, embryo reduction and the moral status of the embryo, genetic enhancement, and the sharing of genetic data. Chapter contributions from leading bioethicists and clinicians encourage a global, holistic perspective on applied challenges and the moral questions relating the implementation of genetic reproductive technology. The book is an ideal resource for practitioners, regulators, lawmakers, clinical researchers, genetic counselors and graduate and medical students. As the Human Genome Project has triggered a technological revolution that has influenced nearly every field of medicine, including reproductive medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, andrology, prenatal genetic testing, and gene therapy, this book presents a timely resource. Provides practical analysis of the ethical issues raised by cutting-edge techniques and recent advances in prenatal and reproductive genetics Contains contributions from leading bioethicists and clinicians who offer a global, holistic perspective on applied challenges and moral questions relating to genetic and genomic reproductive technology Discusses preconception carrier screening, genetic engineering and the use of CRISPR gene editing, mitochondrial gene replacement therapy, ethical issues, and more

The Future of Pharmaceuticals

The Future of Pharmaceuticals
Author: Sarfaraz K. Niazi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2022-03-01
ISBN 10: 1000458164
ISBN 13: 9781000458169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Pharmaceuticals Book Review:

Before now, biological systems could only be expressed in terms of linear relationships, however, as knowledge grows and new techniques of analysis on biological systems is made available, we are realizing the non-linearity of these systems. The concepts and techniques of nonlinear analysis allow for more realistic and accurate models in science. The Future of Pharmaceuticals: A Nonlinear Analysis provides an opportunity to understand the non-linearity of biological systems and its application in various areas of science, primarily pharmaceutical sciences. This book will benefit professionals in pharmaceutical industries, academia, and policy who are interested in an entirely new approach to how we will treat disease in the future. Key Features: Addresses a new approach of nonlinear analysis. Applies a theory of projection to chalk out the future, instead of basing on linear evolution. Provides an opportunity to better understand the non-linearity in biological systems and its applications in various areas of science, primarily pharmaceutical sciences. Helps change the thought process for those looking for answers to their questions which they do not find in the linear relationship approach. Encourages a broader perspective for the creative process of drug development.

Gender

Gender
Author: Linda L. Lindsey
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 754
Release: 2020-12-17
ISBN 10: 1351590820
ISBN 13: 9781351590822
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gender Book Review:

A landmark publication in the social sciences, Linda Lindsey’s Gender is the most comprehensive textbook to explore gender sociologically, as a critical and fundamental dimension of a person’s identity, interactions, development, and role and status in society. Ranging in scope from the everyday lived experiences of individuals to the complex patterns and structures of gender that are produced by institutions in our global society, the book reveals how understandings of gender vary across time and place and shift along the intersecting lines of race, ethnicity, culture, sexuality, class and religion. Arriving at a time of enormous social change, the new, seventh edition extends its rigorous, theoretical approach to reflect on recent events and issues with insights that challenge conventional thought about the gender binary and the stereotypes that result. Recent and emerging topics that are investigated include the #MeToo and LGBTQ-rights movements, political misogyny in the Trump era, norms of masculinity, marriage and family formation, resurgent feminist activism and praxis, the gendered workplace, and profound consequences of neoliberal globalization. Enriching its sociological approach with interdisciplinary insight from feminist, biological, psychological, historical, and anthropological perspectives, the new edition of Gender provides a balanced and broad approach with readable, dynamic content that furthers student understanding, both of the importance of gender and how it shapes individual trajectories and social processes in the U.S. and across the globe.

Medical Care Law

Medical Care Law
Author: Edward P. Richards,Katharine C. Rathbun
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 520
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9780834216037
ISBN 13: 0834216035
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Care Law Book Review:

A legal reference for practicing physicians is a necessary adjunct to their professional practice library in today's highly regulated and litigious world. Medical Care Law was written to help practicing physicians avoid legal conflicts, and to prevent legal problems rather than treat them. Written with the practicing physician in mind, this book is also valuable to a variety of health professionals, including physician executives, medical directors, nurse administrators, advanced practice nurses, case managers, risk managers, legal nurse consultants, health care administrators, public health professionals, and attorneys. In addition To The traditional legal issues affecting medical practitioners, Medical Care Law addresses the legal pitfalls in today's volatile health care landscape, including managed care, health care fraud and abuse, compliance plans, and working with non-physician providers.

Ethics of New Reproductive Technologies

Ethics of New Reproductive Technologies
Author: Jonathan Glover
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 159
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 9780875801476
ISBN 13: 0875801471
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethics of New Reproductive Technologies Book Review:

Simultaneously published in England under the title Fertility and the family. An international statement on various aspects of artificial insemination, surrogate motherhood, the unborn and research, and deciding who is born. Glover is an English philosopher who headed a group of specialists brought

Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics

Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics
Author: Joel B. Green
Publsiher: Baker Books
Total Pages: 912
Release: 2011-11-01
ISBN 10: 1441239987
ISBN 13: 9781441239983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics Book Review:

This one-stop reference book on the vital relationship between Scripture and ethics offers needed orientation and perspective for students, pastors, and scholars. Written to respond to the movement among biblical scholars and ethicists to recover the Bible for moral formation, it is the best reference work available on the intersection of these two fields. The volume shows how Christian Scripture and Christian ethics are necessarily intertwined and offers up-to-date treatment of five hundred biblical, traditional, and contemporary topics, ranging from adultery, bioethics, and Colossians to vegetarianism, work, and Zephaniah. The stellar ecumenical list of contributors consists of more than two hundred leading scholars from the fields of biblical studies and ethics, including Darrell Bock, David Gushee, Amy Laura Hall, Daniel Harrington, Dennis Olson, Christine Pohl, Glen Stassen, and Max Stackhouse.

The Anthropological Demography of Health

The Anthropological Demography of Health
Author: Véronique Petit,Kaveri Qureshi,Yves Charbit,Philip Kreager
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 475
Release: 2020-10-30
ISBN 10: 0192607324
ISBN 13: 9780192607324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Anthropological Demography of Health Book Review:

The anthropological demography of health, as a field of interdisciplinary population research, has grown from the 1990s, extending to a remarkable range of key human and policy issues, including: genetic disorders; nutrition; mental health; infant, child, and maternal morbidity; malaria; HIV/AIDS; disability and chronic diseases; new reproductive technologies; and population ageing. By observing group formation and change over time, tracking people's networks, and observing variance between what people say and do, anthropological demography goes beyond the characteristically top-down formal methodologies of most mainstream socio-economic demography and population health. This path-breaking volume charts and integrates the growing body of research that combines ethnography with quantitative models and methods in the field of population health. It offers a clear agenda based on important conceptual and methodological advances, and often working in close collaboration with medical and historical research. Approaches to population that are grounded in sustained ethnographic and historical research provide more than substantive knowledge of how cultural and social formations interact with health. They enable understanding of how local institutions and experience of vital events come to be translated into the demographic and health measures on which survey and clinical programmes rely. This, in turn, makes possible critical evaluation of the empirical adequacy of such translation, reflection on what happens when these models and measures become standardised evaluations of health statuses, and what this implies for governance. The combination of anthropological, demographic, historical, and biological research has gone beyond the initial demographic prioritisation of fertility regulation, to take on an expanded range of key health policy issues, and locate them in the context of the inequalities that so frequently give rise to major health differentials. The Anthropological Demography of Health offers a clear agenda for the application and extension of combined anthropological and demographic thinking in population health, and will provide a point of reference for the field.

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog
Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 690
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015074107692
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

National Library of Medicine Current Catalog Book Review:

First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

Body Soul

Body   Soul
Author: J. P. Moreland,Scott B. Rae
Publsiher: InterVarsity Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009-09-20
ISBN 10: 0830874593
ISBN 13: 9780830874590
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Body Soul Book Review:

While most people throughout history have believed that we are both physical and spiritual beings, the rise of science has called into question the existence of the soul. Many now argue that neurophysiology demonstrates the radical dependence, indeed, identity, between mind and brain. Advances in genetics and in mapping human DNA, some say, show there is no need for the hypothesis of body-soul dualism. Even many Christian intellectuals have come to view the soul as a false Greek concept that is outdated and unbiblical. Concurrent with the demise of dualism has been the rise of advanced medical technologies that have brought to the fore difficult issues at both edges of life. Central to questions about abortion, fetal research, reproductive techologies, cloning and euthanasia is our understanding of the nature of human personhood, the reality of life after death and the value of ethical or religious knowledge as compared to scientific knowledge. In this careful treatment, J. P. Moreland and Scott B. Rae argue that the rise of these problems alongside the demise of Christian dualism is no coincidence. They therefore employ a theological realism to meet these pressing issues, and to present a reasonable and biblical depiction of human nature as it impinges upon critical ethical concerns. This vigorous philosophical and ethical defense of human nature as body and soul, regardless of whether one agrees or disagrees, will be for all a touchstone for debate and discussion for years to come.

Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112023523407
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cumulated Index Medicus Book Review:

Communities in Action

Communities in Action
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-04-27
ISBN 10: 0309452961
ISBN 13: 9780309452960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Communities in Action Book Review:

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Bioethics Justice and Health Care

Bioethics  Justice  and Health Care
Author: Wanda Teays,Laura Martha Purdy
Publsiher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Total Pages: 683
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015050763864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioethics Justice and Health Care Book Review:

This new text offers the perspectives necessary for a comprehensive and objective critique of the health care establishment. By including diverse perspectives, students obtain a more accurate sense of the issues and the ethical considerations in a pluralistic society that values justice in its health systems.

Human Genome Editing

Human Genome Editing
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2017-08-13
ISBN 10: 0309452880
ISBN 13: 9780309452885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Genome Editing Book Review:

Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1668
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OSU:32436011091137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Index Medicus Book Review:

Human Germline Genome Modification and the Right to Science

Human Germline Genome Modification and the Right to Science
Author: Andrea Boggio,Cesare P. R. Romano,Jessica Almqvist
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-01-09
ISBN 10: 1108604021
ISBN 13: 9781108604024
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Germline Genome Modification and the Right to Science Book Review:

The advent of the CRISPR/Cas9 class of genome editing tools is transforming not just science and medicine, but also law. When the genome of germline cells is modified, the modifications could be inherited, with far-reaching effects in time and scale. Legal systems are struggling with keeping up with the CRISPR revolution and both lawyers and scientists are often confused about existing regulations. This book contains an analysis of the national regulatory framework in eighteen selected countries. Written by national legal experts, it includes all major players in bioengineering, plus an analysis of the emerging international standards and a discussion of how international human rights standards should inform national and international regulatory frameworks. The authors propose a set of principles for the regulation of germline engineering, based on international human rights law, that can be the foundation for regulating heritable gene editing both at the level of countries as well as globally.

Living Technology

Living Technology
Author: Armin Grunwald
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2021-06-17
ISBN 10: 1000346420
ISBN 13: 9781000346428
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Living Technology Book Review:

The boundaries between inanimate technology and the realm of the living become increasingly blurred. Deeper and deeper technological interventions into living organisms are possible, covering the entire spectrum of life from bacteria to humans. Simultaneously, digitalization and artificial intelligence (AI) enable increasingly autonomous technologies. Inanimate technologies such as robots begin to show characteristics of life. Contested issues pop up, such as the dignity of life, the enhancement of animals for human purposes, the creation of designer babies, and the granting of robot rights. The book addresses the understanding of the ongoing dissolution of the life/technology borders, the provision of ethical guidance for navigating research and innovation responsibly, and the philosophical reflection on the meaning of the current shifts. It offers three specific perspectives for understanding the challenges and providing orientation. First, the dissolution of the boundaries between technology and life is analyzed and reflected from both sides. Second, the search for orientation is not restricted to ethics but also involves philosophy of technology and of nature, as well as anthropology. Finally, instead of restricting the analysis to specific areas of life, e.g., bacteria or animals, the book presents a comprehensive look at the entire spectrum of living organisms—bacteria and viruses, plants, animals and humans—and robots as possible early forms of emerging technical life.

GenEthics and Religion

GenEthics and Religion
Author: Georg Pfleiderer,Gabriela Brahier,Klaus Lindpaintner
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2010-01-01
ISBN 10: 3805589735
ISBN 13: 9783805589734
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GenEthics and Religion Book Review:

Human gene and cell technology is a diverse and rapidly evolving field of research. As genes represent the 'blueprint' of an organism, their analysis and manipulation is a challenge to our understanding of human nature. Stem cell research, genetic testing, gene therapy, therapeutic and reproductive cloning -- all these fields of application have been raising fundamental ethical and religious-theological questions: When does human life begin? Should human beings be allowed to interfere with natural procreation or to manipulate the genome of their own species? Is genetic engineering tantamount to 'playing God'? Based on the symposium 'GenEthics and Religion' held in Basel, Switzerland in May 2008, this volume examines the role religion can play in establishing ethical guidelines to protect human life in the face of rapid advances in biology and especially gene technology. It does so in a multidisciplinary way with contributions by philosophers, theologians, human geneticists, and several bioethicists representing the Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Buddhist perspectives. The essays illustrating a diversity of views and expressing the problems and self-critical reflectiveness of religious ethicists have been brought up to date and discuss the importance of religious ethics in society's discourse on gene technology.

Probabilistic Graphical Models for Genetics Genomics and Postgenomics

Probabilistic Graphical Models for Genetics  Genomics and Postgenomics
Author: Christine Sinoquet
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 449
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 0198709021
ISBN 13: 9780198709022
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Probabilistic Graphical Models for Genetics Genomics and Postgenomics Book Review:

At the crossroads between statistics and machine learning, probabilistic graphical models provide a powerful formal framework to model complex data. For instance, Bayesian networks and Markov random fields are two of the most popular probabilistic graphical models. With the rapid advance of high-throughput technologies and their ever decreasing costs, a fast-growing volume of biological data of various types - the so-called ''omics'' - is in need of accurate andefficient methods for modeling, prior to further downstream analysis. As probabilistic graphical models are able to deal with high-dimensional data, it is foreseeable that such models will have aprominent role to play in advances in genome-wide data analyses. Currently, few people are specialists in the design of cutting-edge methods using probabilistic graphical models for genetics, genomics and postgenomics. This seriously hinders the diffusion of such methods. The prime aim of the book is therefore to bring the concepts underlying these advanced models within reach of scientists who are not specialists of these models, but with no concession on theinformativeness of the book. The target readers include researchers and engineers who have to design novel methods for postgenomics data analysis, as well as graduate students starting a Masters or a PhD. Inaddition to an introductory chapter on probabilistic graphical models, a thorough review chapter focusing on selected domains in genetics and fourteen chapters illustrate the design of such advanced approaches in various domains: gene network inference, inference of causal phenotype networks, association genetics, epigenetics, detection of copy number variations, and prediction of outcomes from high-dimensional genomic data. Notably, most examples also illustrate that probabilistic graphicalmodels are well suited for integrative biology and systems biology, hot topics guaranteed to be of lasting interest.

Health Care Politics and Policy in America

Health Care Politics and Policy in America
Author: Kant Patel
Publsiher: M.E. Sharpe
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9780765628473
ISBN 13: 0765628473
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health Care Politics and Policy in America Book Review:

Fully updated for this new edition, Health Care Politics and Policy in America combines background and context for the evolution of U.S. health care policy with analysis of recent trends and current issues. The book introduces public policy students to the complex array of health care issues, and health care professionals to the study of public policy. It provides comprehensive coverage of policy issues related to health care at the federal, state, and provider/patient levels, from Medicare and Medicaid funding and managed care to medical liability law and ongoing debates over the beginning of life and end-of-life decisions. Health Care Politics and Policy in America successfully integrates political, ethical, economic, legal, technological, and medical factors in an issue-focused survey of U.S. health care policy. It includes a chronology of health care-policy-related events and legislation from 1798 through 2005, and an appendix comparing medical malpractice tort laws state-by-state.

Making Parents

Making Parents
Author: Charis Thompson
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780262201568
ISBN 13: 0262201569
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Making Parents Book Review:

Reproductive technologies, says Thompson, are part of the increasing tendency to turn social problems into biomedical questions and can be used as a lens to see the resulting changes in the relations between science and society."--BOOK JACKET.