Climate Environment and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium

Climate  Environment  and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium
Author: Patrick D. Nunn
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2007-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780080548210
ISBN 13: 0080548210
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Environment and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium Book Review:

The nature of global change in the Pacific Basin is poorly known compared to other parts of the world. Climate, Environment, and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium describes the climate changes that occurred in the Pacific during the last millennium and discusses how these changes controlled the broad evolution of human societies, typically filtered by the effects of changing sea level and storminess on food availability and interaction. Covering the entire period since AD 750 in the Pacific, this book describes the influences of climate change on environments and societies during the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age, focusing on the 100-year transition between these – a period of rapid change known as the AD 1300 Event. * Discusses the societal effects of climate and sea-level change, as well as the evidence for externally-driven societal change * Synthsizes how climate change has driven environmental change and societal change in the Pacific Basin * Contains a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the evidence for climate, environmental, and societal change, supported by a full list of references

Palaeolandscapes in Archaeology

Palaeolandscapes in Archaeology
Author: Mike T. Carson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2021-11-30
ISBN 10: 1000484823
ISBN 13: 9781000484823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Palaeolandscapes in Archaeology Book Review:

What can we learn about the ancient landscapes of our world, and how can those lessons improve our future in the landscapes that we all inhabit? Those questions are addressed in this book, through a practical framework of concepts and methods, combined with detailed case studies around the world. The chapters explore the range of physical and social attributes that have shaped and re-shaped our landscapes through time. International authors contributed the latest results of investigating ancient landscapes (or "palaeolandscapes") in diverse settings of tropical forests, deserts, river deltas, remote islands, coastal zones, and continental interiors. The case studies embrace a liberal approach of combining archaeological evidence with other avenues of research in earth sciences, biology, and social relations. Individually and in concert, the chapters offer new perspectives on what the world’s palaeolandscapes looked like, how people lived in these places, and how communities have engaged with long-term change in their natural and cultural environments though successive centuries and millennia. The lessons are paramount for building responsible strategies and policies today and into the future, noting that many of these issues from the past have gained more urgency today. This book reaches across archaeology, ecology, geography, and broader studies of human-environment relations that will appeal to general readers. Specialists and students in these fields will find extra value in the primary datasets and in the new ideas and perspectives. Furthermore, this book provides unique examples from the past, toward understanding the workings of sustainable landscape systems.

Global Environmental Issues

Global Environmental Issues
Author: Frances Harris
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2012-01-30
ISBN 10: 0470684690
ISBN 13: 9780470684696
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Environmental Issues Book Review:

This new edition of a popular book looks at global environmental problems as complex issues with a network of causes. In addition to discussing the main biophysical causes, the book highlights the environmental and social impact of scientific developments, and examines how socio-economic and political factors affect the use of land and resources.

Managing Climate Change Adaptation in the Pacific Region

Managing Climate Change Adaptation in the Pacific Region
Author: Walter Leal Filho
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-03-03
ISBN 10: 3030405524
ISBN 13: 9783030405526
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Climate Change Adaptation in the Pacific Region Book Review:

This book presents papers written by scholars, practitioners, and members of social movements and government agencies pursuing research and/or climate change projects in the Pacific region. Climate change is impacting the Pacific in various ways, including numerous negative effects on the natural environment and biodiversity. As such, a better understanding of how climate change affects Pacific communities is required, in order to identify processes, methods, and tools that can help countries and the communities in the region to adapt and become more resilient. Further, the book showcases successful examples of how to cope with the social, economic, and political problems posed by climate change in the region.

Climate Induced Disasters in the Asia Pacific Region

Climate Induced Disasters in the Asia Pacific Region
Author: Andreas Neef,Natasha Pauli
Publsiher: Emerald Group Publishing
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2020-11-09
ISBN 10: 1839099860
ISBN 13: 9781839099861
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Induced Disasters in the Asia Pacific Region Book Review:

In this volume, contributors look at response, recovery and adaptation to climate-induced disasters, in Asia-Pacific - the world's most disaster-prone region. Chapters examine case studies from Cambodia, Fiji, Solomon Islands and Samoa.

Vulnerability of Tropical Pacific Fisheries and Aquaculture to Climate Change

Vulnerability of Tropical Pacific Fisheries and Aquaculture to Climate Change
Author: Johann D. Bell,Johanna E. Johnson,Alistair James Hobday
Publsiher: SPC FAME Digital Library
Total Pages: 925
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 9820004713
ISBN 13: 9789820004719
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vulnerability of Tropical Pacific Fisheries and Aquaculture to Climate Change Book Review:

Climate Change and the Health of Nations

Climate Change and the Health of Nations
Author: Anthony McMichael
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2017-01-05
ISBN 10: 0190262966
ISBN 13: 9780190262969
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and the Health of Nations Book Review:

When we think of "climate change," we think of man-made global warming, caused by greenhouse gas emissions. But natural climate change has occurred throughout human history, and populations have had to adapt to the climate's vicissitudes. Anthony J. McMichael, a renowned epidemiologist and a pioneer in the field of how human health relates to climate change, is the ideal person to tell this story. Climate Change and the Health of Nations shows how the natural environment has vast direct and indirect repercussions for human health and welfare. McMichael takes us on a tour of human history through the lens of major transformations in climate. From the very beginning of our species some five million years ago, human biology has evolved in response to cooling temperatures, new food sources, and changing geography. As societies began to form, they too adapted in relation to their environments, most notably with the development of agriculture eleven thousand years ago. Agricultural civilization was a Faustian bargain, however: the prosperity and comfort that an agrarian society provides relies on the assumption that the environment will largely remain stable. Indeed, for agriculture to succeed, environmental conditions must be just right, which McMichael refers to as the "Goldilocks phenomenon." Global warming is disrupting this balance, just as other climate-related upheavals have tested human societies throughout history. As McMichael shows, the break-up of the Roman Empire, the bubonic Plague of Justinian, and the mysterious collapse of Mayan civilization all have roots in climate change. Why devote so much analysis to the past, when the daunting future of climate change is already here? Because the story of mankindâs previous survival in the face of an unpredictable and unstable climate, and of the terrible toll that climate change can take, could not be more important as we face the realities of a warming planet. This sweeping magnum opus is not only a rigorous, innovative, and fascinating exploration of how the climate affects the human condition, but also an urgent call to recognize our species' utter reliance on the earth as it is.

Environmental Transformations and Cultural Responses

Environmental Transformations and Cultural Responses
Author: Eveline Dürr,Arno Pascht
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2017-03-15
ISBN 10: 1137533498
ISBN 13: 9781137533494
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Transformations and Cultural Responses Book Review:

This book explores the various ways in which different communities and peoples in Oceania respond to and engage with recent environmental challenges and concurrent socio-political reconfigurations. Based on empirical research, the book discusses topics such as belonging, emotional attachment to land, and new forms of environmental knowledge. The theoretical framework of the book is inspired by current debates among diverse conceptualisations of the environment and thus, of various ways of knowing, making sense of, and interacting with worlds. With this focus in mind, the book provides new insights into recent socio-cultural and environmental dynamics in the Pacific.

An Introduction to Island Studies

An Introduction to Island Studies
Author: James Randall
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2020-10-19
ISBN 10: 1786615479
ISBN 13: 9781786615473
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Island Studies Book Review:

Island Studies can be deceptively challenging and rewarding for an undergraduate student. Islands can be many things: nations, tourist destinations, quarantine stations, billionaire baubles, metaphors. The study of islands offers a way to take this 'bewildering variety' and to use it as a lens and a tool to better understand our own world of islands. An Introduction to Island Studies is an approachable look at this interdisciplinary field - from the islands as biodiversity hotspots, their settlement, human migration and occupation through to the place of islands in the popular imagination. Featuring geopolitical, social and economic frameworks, James Randall gives a bottom-up guide to this most modern area of study. From the geological analysis of island formation to the metaphorical use of islands in culture and literature, the growing field of island studies is truly interdisciplinary. This new introduction gives readers from many disciplines the local, global, and regional perspectives that unlock the promise of island studies as a way to see the world. From the struggles and concerns of the Anthropocene—climate change, vulnerability and resilience, sustainable development, through to policy making and local environments—island studies has the potential to change the debate.

A Companion to Global Environmental History

A Companion to Global Environmental History
Author: J. R. McNeill,Erin Stewart Mauldin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2014-12-22
ISBN 10: 111897753X
ISBN 13: 9781118977538
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to Global Environmental History Book Review:

Comparative Archaeologies

Comparative Archaeologies
Author: Ludomir R Lozny
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 852
Release: 2011-04-06
ISBN 10: 9781441982254
ISBN 13: 1441982256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comparative Archaeologies Book Review:

Archaeology, as with all of the social sciences, has always been characterized by competing theoretical propositions based on diverse bodies of locally acquired data. In order to fulfill local, regional expectations, different goals have been assigned to the practitioners of Archaeology in different regions. These goals might be entrenched in local politics, or social expectations behind cultural heritage research. This comprehensive book explores regional archaeologies from a sociological perspective—to identify and explain regional differences in archaeological practice, as well as their existing similarities. This work covers not only the currently-dominant Anglo-American archaeological paradigm, but also Latin America, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa, all of which have developed their own unique archaeological traditions. The contributions in this work cover these "alternative archaeologies," in the context of their own geographical, political, and socio-economic settings, as well as the context of the currently accepted mainstream approaches.

Climate Change and Human Mobility

Climate Change and Human Mobility
Author: Kirsten Hastrup,Karen Fog Olwig
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2012-08-23
ISBN 10: 1139561243
ISBN 13: 9781139561242
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Human Mobility Book Review:

'The greatest single impact of climate change could be on human migration', stated the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1990. Since then there has been considerable concern about the large-scale population movements that might take place because of climate change. This book examines emerging patterns of human mobility in relation to climate change, drawing on a multidisciplinary approach, including anthropology and geography. It addresses both larger, general questions and concrete local cases, where the link between climate change and human mobility is manifest and demands attention - empirically, analytically and conceptually. Among the cases explored are both historical and contemporary instances of migration in response to climate change, and together they illustrate the necessity of analyzing new patterns of movement, historic cultural images and regulation practices in the wake of new global processes.

Climate Change and Impacts in the Pacific

Climate Change and Impacts in the Pacific
Author: Lalit Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2020-01-31
ISBN 10: 3030328783
ISBN 13: 9783030328788
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Impacts in the Pacific Book Review:

This edited volume addresses the impacts of climate change on Pacific islands, and presents databases and indexes for assessing and adapting to island vulnerabilities. By analyzing susceptibility variables, developing comprehensive vulnerability indexes, and applying GIS techniques, the book's authors demonstrate the particular issues presented by climate change in the islands of the Pacific region, and how these issues may be managed to preserve and improve biodiversity and human livelihoods. The book first introduces the issues specific to island communities, such as high emissions impacts, and discusses the importance of the lithological traits of Pacific islands and how these physical factors relate to climate change impacts. From here, the book aims to analyze the various vulnerabilities of different island sectors, and to formulate a susceptibility index from these variables to be used by government and planning agencies for relief prioritization. Such variables include tropical cyclones, built infrastructures, proximity to coastal areas, agriculture, fisheries and marine resources, groundwater availability, biodiversity, and economic impacts on industries such as tourism. Through the categorization and indexing of these variables, human and physical adaptation measures are proposed, and support solutions are offered to aid the inhabitants of affected island countries. This book is intended for policy makers, academics, and climate change researchers, particularly those dealing with climate change impacts on small islands.

The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History

The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History
Author: Sam White,Christian Pfister,Franz Mauelshagen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2018-08-10
ISBN 10: 1137430206
ISBN 13: 9781137430205
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History Book Review:

This handbook offers the first comprehensive, state-of-the-field guide to past weather and climate and their role in human societies. Bringing together dozens of international specialists from the sciences and humanities, this volume describes the methods, sources, and major findings of historical climate reconstruction and impact research. Its chapters take the reader through each key source of past climate and weather information and each technique of analysis; through each historical period and region of the world; through the major topics of climate and history and core case studies; and finally through the history of climate ideas and science. Using clear, non-technical language, The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History serves as a textbook for students, a reference guide for specialists and an introduction to climate history for scholars and interested readers.

Archaeological Perspectives on Conflict and Warfare in Australia and the Pacific

Archaeological Perspectives on Conflict and Warfare in Australia and the Pacific
Author: Geoffrey Clark,Mirani Litster
Publsiher: ANU Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2022-03-08
ISBN 10: 1760464899
ISBN 13: 9781760464899
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archaeological Perspectives on Conflict and Warfare in Australia and the Pacific Book Review:

When James Boswell famously lamented the irrationality of war in 1777, he noted the universality of conflict across history and across space – even reaching what he described as the gentle and benign southern ocean nations. This volume discusses archaeological evidence of conflict from those southern oceans, from Palau and Guam, to Australia, Vanuatu and Tonga, the Marquesas, Easter Island and New Zealand. The evidence for conflict and warfare encompasses defensive earthworks on Palau, fortifications on Tonga, and intricate pa sites in New Zealand. It reports evidence of reciprocal sacrifice to appease deities in several island nations, and skirmishes and smaller scale conflicts, including in Easter Island. This volume traces aspects of colonial-era conflict in Australia and frontier battles in Vanuatu, and discusses depictions of World War II materiel in the rock art of Arnhem Land. Among the causes and motives discussed in these papers are pressure on resources, the ebb and flow of significant climate events, and the significant association of conflict with culture contact. The volume, necessarily selective, eclectic and wide-ranging, includes an incisive introduction that situates the evidence persuasively in the broader scholarship addressing the history of human warfare.

Living with Environmental Change

Living with Environmental Change
Author: Kirsten Hastrup,Cecilie Rubow
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2014-03-05
ISBN 10: 1317753623
ISBN 13: 9781317753629
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Living with Environmental Change Book Review:

Climate change is a lived experience of changes in the environment, often destroying conventional forms of subsistence and production, creating new patterns of movement and connection, and transforming people’s imagined future. This book explores how people across the world think about environmental change and how they act upon the perception of past, present and future opportunities. Drawing on the ethnographic fieldwork of expert authors, it sheds new light on the human experience of and social response to climate change by taking us from the Arctic to the Pacific, from the Southeast Indian Coastal zone to the West-African dry-lands and deserts, as well as to Peruvian mountain communities and cities. Divided into four thematic parts - Water, Landscape, Technology, Time – this book uses rich photographic material to accompany the short texts and reflections in order to bring to life the human ingenuity and social responsibility of people in the face of new uncertainties. In an era of melting glaciers, drying lands, and rising seas, it shows how it is part and parcel of human life to take responsibility for the social community and take creative action on the basis of a localized understanding of the environment. This highly original contribution to the anthropological study of climate change is a must-read for all those wanting to understand better what climate change means on the ground and interested in a sustainable future for the Earth.

Pacific Histories

Pacific Histories
Author: David Armitage,Alison Bashford
Publsiher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-01-23
ISBN 10: 113700164X
ISBN 13: 9781137001641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pacific Histories Book Review:

The first comprehensive account to place the Pacific Islands, the Pacific Rim and the Pacific Ocean into the perspective of world history. A highly distinguished international team of historians provides a chronological and thematic exploration of the Pacific, its inhabitants and the lands within and around it over 50,000 years.

Research Handbook on Climate Change Oceans and Coasts

Research Handbook on Climate Change  Oceans and Coasts
Author: Jan McDonald,Jeffrey McGee,Richard Barnes
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2020-12-25
ISBN 10: 1788112237
ISBN 13: 9781788112239
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Handbook on Climate Change Oceans and Coasts Book Review:

This topical Research Handbook examines the legal intersections of climate change, oceans and coasts across multiple scales and sectors, covering different geographies and regions. With expert contributions from Europe, Australasia, the Pacific, North America and Asia, it includes insightful chapters on issues ranging across the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal environments. It assesses institutional responses to climate change in ocean and marine governance regimes, adaptation to climate impacts on ocean and coastal systems and communities, and climate change mitigation in marine and coastal environments. Through a plurality of voices, disciplinary and geographical perspectives, this Research Handbook explores cross-cutting themes of institutional complexity, fragmentation, scale and design trade-offs.

Neo Environmental Determinism

Neo Environmental Determinism
Author: William B. Meyer,Dylan M.T. Guss
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 117
Release: 2017-05-31
ISBN 10: 331954232X
ISBN 13: 9783319542324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neo Environmental Determinism Book Review:

This book pulls together major critiques of contemporary attempts to explain nature-society relations in an environmentally deterministic way. After defining key terms, it reviews the history of environmental determinism’s rise and fall within geography in the early twentieth century. It discusses the key reasons for the doctrine’s rejection and presents alternative, non-deterministic frameworks developed within geography for analyzing the roles played by the environment in human affairs. The authors examine the rise in recent decades of neo-deterministic approaches to such issues as the demarcation of regions, the causes of civilizational collapse in prehistory, today’s globally uneven patterns of human well-being, and the consequences of human-induced climate change. In each case, the authors draw on the insights and approaches of geography, the academic discipline most conversant with the interactions of society and environment, to challenge the widespread acceptance that such approaches have won. The book will appeal to those working on human-environmental research, international development and global policy initiatives.

Pacific Island Heritage

Pacific Island Heritage
Author: Jolie Liston,Geoffrey Richard Clark,Dwight Alexander
Publsiher: ANU E Press
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2011-11-01
ISBN 10: 1921862483
ISBN 13: 9781921862489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pacific Island Heritage Book Review:

"This volume emerges from a ground-breaking conference held in the Republic of Palau on cultural heritage in the Pacific. It includes bold investigations of the role of cultural heritage in identity-making, and the ways in which community engagement informs heritage management practices. This is the first broad and detailed investigation of the unique and irreplaceable cultural heritage of the Pacific from a heritage management perspective. It identifies new trends in research and assesses relationships between archaeologists, heritage managers and local communities. The methods which emerge from these relationships will be critical to the effective management of heritage sites in the 21st century. A wonderful book which emerges from an extraordinary conference. Essential reading for cultural heritage managers, archaeologists and others with an interest in caring for the unique cultural heritage of the Pacific Islands".