Clean Energy and Resource Recovery

Clean Energy and Resource Recovery
Author: Vinay Kumar Tyagi,Manish Kumar,Alicia K.J. An,Zeynep Cetecioglu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2021-11-10
ISBN 10: 0323901794
ISBN 13: 9780323901796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clean Energy and Resource Recovery Book Review:

Clean Energy and Resource Recovery: Wastewater Treatment Plants as Bio-refineries, Volume 2, summarizes the fundamentals of various treatment modes applied to the recovery of energy and value-added products from wastewater treatment plants. The book addresses the production of biofuel, heat, and electricity, chemicals, feed, and other products from municipal wastewater, industrial wastewater, and sludge. It intends to provide the readers an account of up-to-date information on the recovery of biofuels and other value-added products using conventional and advanced technological developments. The book starts with identifying the key problems of the sectors and then provides solutions to them with step-by-step guidance on the implementation of processes and procedures. Titles compiled in this book further explore related issues like the safe disposal of leftovers, from a local to global scale. Finally, the book sheds light on how wastewater treatment facilities reduce stress on energy systems, decrease air and water pollution, build resiliency, and drive local economic activity. As a compliment to Volume 1: Biomass Waste Based Biorefineries, Clean Energy and Resource Recovery, Volume 2: Wastewater Treatment Plants as Bio-refineries is a comprehensive reference on all aspects of energy and resource recovery from wastewater. The book is going to be a handy reference tool for energy researchers, environmental scientists, and civil, chemical, and municipal engineers interested in waste-to-energy. Offers a comprehensive overview of the fundamental treatments and methods used in the recovery of energy and value-added products from wastewater. Identifies solutions to key problems related to wastewater to energy/resource recovery through conventional and advanced technologies and explore the alternatives. Provides step-by-step guidance on procedures and calculations from practical field data. Includes successful case studies from both developing and developed countries.

Clean Energy and Resources Recovery

Clean Energy and Resources Recovery
Author: Vinay Kumar Tyagi,Kaoutar Aboudi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2021-08-06
ISBN 10: 0323852246
ISBN 13: 9780323852241
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clean Energy and Resources Recovery Book Review:

Clean Energy and Resources Recovery: Biomass Waste Based Biorefineries, Volume One presents the technological options for energy and resources recovery from all types of organic wastes. The book addresses municipal and industrial sludges, municipal solid waste, agro-residue, animal wastes, industrial waste, forestry residue, and algal biomass, and provides a global overview of biomass waste production, waste handling issues and related GHG emissions and climate change, legislative waste management guidelines, biomass composition, and conventional methods for biomass waste treatment. For each biomass waste, chapters cover energy and bio-based products recovery, pre-treatment methods, process microbiology, community dynamics, co-digestion, reactor design and configuration, and techno-economic evaluation. Case studies on upscaling technology and pilot and industry scale implementation are included, alongside step-by-step calculations that integrate practical field data and regulatory requirements into the environmental design process. Finally, future trends and developments in advanced biotechnological concepts for biomass waste processing and management are also discussed. Provides innovative strategies to increase the efficiency of anaerobic digestion, including during pre- and post-treatment Includes industry case studies that demonstrate successful implementation processes and strategies Addresses municipal and industrial sludges, municipal solid waste, agro-residue, animal wastes, industrial waste, forestry residue, and algal biomass, and provides a global overview of biomass waste production

Resource Recovery from Waste

Resource Recovery from Waste
Author: Miriam Otoo,Pay Drechsel
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2018-03-20
ISBN 10: 1317703774
ISBN 13: 9781317703778
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resource Recovery from Waste Book Review:

Humans generate millions of tons of waste every day. This waste is rich in water, nutrients, energy and organic compounds. Yet waste is not being managed in a way that permits us to derive value from its reuse, whilst millions of farmers struggle with depleted soils and lack of water. This book shows how Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) could create livelihoods, enhance food security, support green economies, reduce waste and contribute to cost recovery in the sanitation chain. While many RRR projects fully depend on subsidies and hardly survive their pilot phase, hopeful signs of viable approaches to RRR are emerging around the globe including low- and middle-income countries. These enterprises or projects are tapping into entrepreneurial initiatives and public ̶ private partnerships, leveraging private capital to help realize commercial or social value, shifting the focus from treatment for waste disposal to treatment of waste as a valuable resource for safe reuse. The book provides a compendium of business options for energy, nutrients and water recovery via 24 innovative business models based on an in-depth analysis of over 60 empirical cases, of which 47 from around the world are described and evaluated in a systematic way. The focus is on organic municipal, agro-industrial and food waste, including fecal sludge, supporting a diverse range of business models with potential for large-scale out-and up-scaling.

Innovative Wastewater Treatment Resource Recovery Technologies Impacts on Energy Economy and Environment

Innovative Wastewater Treatment   Resource Recovery Technologies  Impacts on Energy  Economy and Environment
Author: Juan M. Lema,Sonia Suarez Martinez
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 690
Release: 2017-06-15
ISBN 10: 1780407866
ISBN 13: 9781780407869
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovative Wastewater Treatment Resource Recovery Technologies Impacts on Energy Economy and Environment Book Review:

This book introduces the 3R concept applied to wastewater treatment and resource recovery under a double perspective. Firstly, it deals with innovative technologies leading to: Reducing energy requirements, space and impacts; Reusing water and sludge of sufficient quality; and Recovering resources such as energy, nutrients, metals and chemicals, including biopolymers. Besides targeting effective C,N&P removal, other issues such as organic micropollutants, gases and odours emissions are considered. Most of the technologies analysed have been tested at pilot- or at full-scale. Tools and methods for their Economic, Environmental, Legal and Social impact assessment are described. The 3R concept is also applied to Innovative Processes design, considering different levels of innovation: Retrofitting, where novel units are included in more conventional processes; Re-Thinking, which implies a substantial flowsheet modification; and Re-Imagining, with completely new conceptions. Tools are presented for Modelling, Optimising and Selecting the most suitable plant layout for each particular scenario from a holistic technical, economic and environmental point of view.

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems
Author: Thomas Trabold,Callie W. Babbitt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2018-09-05
ISBN 10: 0128111585
ISBN 13: 9780128111581
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems Book Review:

Sustainable Food Waste-to-Energy Systems assesses the utilization of food waste in sustainable energy conversion systems. It explores all sources of waste generated in the food supply chain (downstream from agriculture), with coverage of industrial, commercial, institutional and residential sources. It provides a detailed analysis of the conventional pathways for food waste disposal and utilization, including composting, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment. Next, users will find valuable sections on the chemical, biochemical and thermochemical waste-to-energy conversion processes applicable for food waste and an assessment of commercially available sustainable food waste-to-energy conversion technologies. Sustainability aspects, including consideration of environmental, economic and social impacts are also explored. The book concludes with an analysis of how deploying waste-to-energy systems is dependent on cross-cutting research methods, including geographical information systems and big data. It is a useful resource for professionals working in waste-to-energy technologies, as well as those in the food industry and food waste management sector planning and implementing these systems, but is also ideal for researchers, graduate students, energy policymakers and energy analysts interested in the most recent advances in the field. Provides guidance on how specific food waste characteristics drive possible waste-to-energy conversion processes Presents methodologies for selecting among different waste-to-energy options, based on waste volumes, distribution and properties, local energy demand (electrical/thermal/steam), opportunities for industrial symbiosis, regulations and incentives and social acceptance, etc. Contains tools to assess potential environmental and economic performance of deployed systems Links to publicly available resources on food waste data for energy conversion

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches
Author: Mohammad Taherzadeh,Kim Bolton,Jonathan Wong,Ashok Pandey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2019-07-18
ISBN 10: 0444642838
ISBN 13: 9780444642837
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches Book Review:

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches covers waste reduction, biological, thermal and recycling methods of waste recovery, and their conversion into a variety of products. In addition, the social, economic and environmental aspects are also explored, making this a useful textbook for environmental courses and a reference book for both universities and companies. Provides a novel approach on how to achieve zero wastes in a society Shows the roadmap on achieving Sustainable Development Goals Considers critical aspects of municipal waste management Covers recent developments in waste biorefinery, thermal processes, anaerobic digestion, material recycling and landfill mining

Sustainable and Economic Waste Management

Sustainable and Economic Waste Management
Author: Hossain Md Anawar,Vladimir Strezov,Abhilash
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2019-11-25
ISBN 10: 1000761975
ISBN 13: 9781000761979
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable and Economic Waste Management Book Review:

This book compiles research findings directly related to sustainable and economic waste management and resource recovery. Mining wastes and municipal, urban, domestic, industrial and agricultural wastes and effluents—which contain persistent organic contaminants, nanoparticle organic chemicals, nutrients, energy, organic materials, heavy metal, rare earth elements, iron, steel, bauxite, coal and other valuable materials—are significantly responsible for environmental contamination. These low-tenor raw materials, if recycled, can significantly address the demand–supply chain mismatch and process sustainability as a whole while simultaneously decreasing their impacts on human life and biodiversity. This book summarises the large volume of current research in the realm of waste management and resource recovery, which has led to innovation and commercialisation of sustainable and economic waste management for improved environmental safety and improved economics. Key Features: Reviews the key research findings related to sustainable and economic resource recovery and waste management techniques Discusses minimizing waste materials and environmental contaminants with a focus on recovering valuable resources from wastes Examines the potential uses of mining waste in the re-extraction of metals, provision of fuel for power plants, and as a supply of other valuable materials for utilisation/processing Presents research on recycling of municipal, urban, domestic, industrial and agricultural wastes and wastewater in the production and recovery of energy, biogas, fertilizers, organic materials and nutrients Outlines topical research interests resulting in patents and inventions for sustainable and economic waste management techniques and environmental safety

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy
Author: Florida. Governor's Energy Office
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 29
Release: 1987
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:17431177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energy Book Review:

Resource Recovery from Wastes

Resource Recovery from Wastes
Author: L E Macaskie,D J Sapsford,W M Mayes
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2019-10-15
ISBN 10: 1788013816
ISBN 13: 9781788013819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resource Recovery from Wastes Book Review:

Bringing together a broad range of topics on resource recovery this book provides a valuable resource for those working in green chemistry and waste management.

Resource Recovery from Water

Resource Recovery from Water
Author: Korneel Rabaey,Ilje Pikaar,Jeremy Guest,Olaf van der Kolk,Willy Verstraete,Céline Vaneeckhaute
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 9781780409559
ISBN 13: 1780409559
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resource Recovery from Water Book Review:

Throughout history, the first and foremost role of urban water management has been the protection human health and the local aquatic environment. To this end, the practice of (waste-)water treatment has maintained a central focus on the removal of pollutants through dissipative pathways. Approaches like – in case of wastewater treatment – the activated sludge process, which make ‘hazardous things’ disappear, have benefitted our society tremendously by safeguarding human and environmental health. While conventional (waste-)water treatment is regarded as one of the greatest engineering achievements of the 20th century, these dissipative approaches will not suffice in the 21th century as we enter the era of the circular economy. A key challenge for the future of urban water management is the need to re-envision the role of water infrastructure, still holding paramount the safeguard of human and environmental health while also becoming a more proactive force for sustainable development through the recovery of resources embedded in urban water. This book aims (i) to explain the basic principles governing resource recovery from water (how much is there, really); (ii) to provide comprehensive overview and critical assessment of the established and emerging technologies for resource recovery from water; and (iii) to put resource recovery from water in a legal, economic (including the economy of scale of recovered products), social (consumer’s point of view), and environmental sustainability framework. This book serves as a powerful teaching tool at the graduate entry master level with an aim to developing the next generation of engineers and experts and is also highly relevant for seasoned water professionals and practicing engineers.

Modular Systems for Energy and Fuel Recovery and Conversion

Modular Systems for Energy and Fuel Recovery and Conversion
Author: Yatish T. Shah
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2019-06-28
ISBN 10: 1000011739
ISBN 13: 9781000011739
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modular Systems for Energy and Fuel Recovery and Conversion Book Review:

Modular Systems for Energy and Fuel Recovery and Conversion surveys the benefits of the modular approach in the front end of the energy industry. The book also outlines strategies for managing modular approaches for fossil, renewable, and nuclear energy resource recovery and conversion with the help of successful industrial examples. The book points out that while the modular approach is most applicable for distributed and small-scale energy systems, it is also often used for parts of large-scale centralized systems. With the help of successful industrial examples of modular approaches for energy and fuel recovery and conversion, the book points out the need for more balance between large-scale centralized systems and small-scale distributed systems to serve the energy needs of rural and isolated communities. Coal, oil, natural gas, hydrogen, biomass, waste, nuclear, geothermal solar, wind, and hydro energy are examined, showing that modular operations are very successfully used in all these components of the energy industry. Aimed at academic researchers and industry professionals, this book provides successful examples and analysis of the modular operation for energy and fuel recovery and conversion. It is also a reference for those who are engaged in the development of modular systems for energy and fuel recovery and conversion.

A B processes Towards Energy Self sufficient Municipal Wastewater Treatment

A B processes  Towards Energy Self sufficient Municipal Wastewater Treatment
Author: Yu Liu,Jun Gu,Meng Zhang
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2019-11-15
ISBN 10: 1789060079
ISBN 13: 9781789060072
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A B processes Towards Energy Self sufficient Municipal Wastewater Treatment Book Review:

The principle of the conventional activated sludge (CAS) for municipal wastewater treatment is primarily based on biological oxidation by which organic matters are converted to biomass and carbon dioxide. After more than 100 years’ successful application, the CAS process is receiving increasing critiques on its high energy consumption and excessive sludge generation. Currently, almost all municipal wastewater treatment plants with the CAS as a core process are being operated in an energy-negative fashion. To tackle such challenging situations, there is a need to re-examine the present wastewater treatment philosophy by developing and adopting novel process configurations and emerging technologies. The solutions going forward should rely on the ways to improve direct energy recovery from wastewater, while minimizing in-plant energy consumption. This book begins with a critical overview of the energy situation and challenges in current municipal wastewater treatment plants, showing the necessity of the paradigm shift from removal to recovery in terms of energy and resource. As such, the concept of A-B process is discussed in detail in the book. It appears that various A-B process configurations are able to provide possible engineering solutions in which A-stage is primarily designed for COD capture with the aim for direct anaerobic treatment without producing excessive biosludge, while B-stage is designated for nitrogen removal. Making the wastewater treatment energy self-sustainable is obviously of global significance and eventually may become a game changer for the global market of the municipal wastewater reclamation technology. The principal audiences include practitioners, professionals, university researchers, undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested and specialized in municipal wastewater treatment and process design, environmental engineering, and environmental biotechnology.

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy
Author: Jingzheng Ren
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2020-05-12
ISBN 10: 0128166134
ISBN 13: 9780128166130
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste to Energy Book Review:

Waste-to-Energy: Multi-criteria Decision Analysis for Sustainability Assessment and Ranking offers a comprehensive view of the technologies and processes for energy generation as a path for waste treatment, presenting all the necessary information and tools for selecting the most sustainable waste-to-energy solution under varying conditions. The book combines methods such as lifecycle assessment, sustainability assessment, multi-criteria decision-making, and multi-objective optimization modes. In addition, it provides an overview of waste-to-energy feedstocks, technologies and implementation, then goes on to investigate the critical factors and key enablers that influence the sustainable development of the waste-to-energy industry. The book proposes several decision-making methods for the ranking and selection of waste-to-energy scenarios under different levels of certainty and information availability, including multi-criteria, multi-actor and multi-attribute methods. Finally, the book employs lifecycle tools that allow the assessment of economic, environmental and social sustainability of waste-to-energy systems. Explores existing and state-of-the-art waste to energy technologies and systems, as well as their feedstock requirements Presents a wide perspective of sustainability issues of waste-to-energy technologies, also discussing critical influential factors or key enablers for promoting the sustainable development of waste-to-energy solutions Provides multi-dimensional decision-making techniques for choosing the most suitable and sustainable waste-to-energy technologies for different scenarios

Resource Recovery to Approach Zero Municipal Waste

Resource Recovery to Approach Zero Municipal Waste
Author: Mohammad J. Taherzadeh,Tobias Richards
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN 10: 148224036X
ISBN 13: 9781482240368
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resource Recovery to Approach Zero Municipal Waste Book Review:

Current development results in a linear flow from raw material to waste, which cannot be sustainable in the long term. Plus, a global population of 7 billion people means that there are 7 billion waste producers in the world. At present, dumping and landfilling are the primary practices for getting rid of municipal solid waste (MSW). However, this waste contains resources that we’ve yet to utilize. To create sustainable societies, we need to approach zero waste by recovering these resources. There are cities and countries where zero waste is close to becoming a reality. Landfilling of organic waste is forbidden in Europe, and countries such as Sweden, Germany, Belgium, and Switzerland have developed a variety of technologies to recover resources from MSW. Resource Recovery to Approach Zero Municipal Waste explores the solid waste management laws and regulations of different countries, comparing the latest resource recovery technologies and offering future perspectives. The book tackles the many technical, social, ecological, economical, and managerial aspects of this complex subject while promoting the development of sustainable societies to achieve a greener global environment.

Energy in Water Resource Recovery Facilities 2nd Edition Mop 32

Energy in Water Resource Recovery Facilities  2nd Edition Mop 32
Author: Water Environment Federation
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2021-09-21
ISBN 10: 9781572784024
ISBN 13: 1572784024
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy in Water Resource Recovery Facilities 2nd Edition Mop 32 Book Review:

Waste to Energy Technologies and Global Applications

Waste to Energy Technologies and Global Applications
Author: Efstratios N. Kalogirou
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2017-08-15
ISBN 10: 1351977911
ISBN 13: 9781351977913
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste to Energy Technologies and Global Applications Book Review:

Through Waste-to-Energy (WtE) technology, plants use waste as a renewable fuel to co-produce electricity, heating, and cooling for urban utilization. This professional book presents the latest developments in WtE technologies and their global applications. The first part of the book covers thermal treatment technologies, including combustion, novel gasification, plasma gasification, and pyrolysis. It then examines 35 real-world WtE case studies from around the world, analyzing technical information behind planning, execution, goals, and national strategies. Results through the years show the benefits of the technology through the life cycle of the products. The book also examines financial and environmental aspects.

Resource Recovery from Municipal Sewage Plants

Resource Recovery from Municipal Sewage Plants
Author: Musaida Mercy Manyuchi,Charles Mbohwa,Edison Muzenda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2018-06-28
ISBN 10: 0429013701
ISBN 13: 9780429013706
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resource Recovery from Municipal Sewage Plants Book Review:

Water, energy, and food are basic requirements for life, and this book presents solutions for obtaining these from sewage wastewater treatment plants. It describes the optimal recovery of value-added products from municipal sewage plants in developing countries, and explains how the plants’ operations can become both economical and sustainable. Further, it shows how the clean effluent that is obtained is then suitable for agricultural use in the production of bio-fertilizers, and graywater for irrigation, and how the recovered biogas could be used for energy and heating needs. Practical case studies from three separate sewage plants are presented to illustrate the processes involved.

City of Helena Evaluation and Design of Solid Waste Resource Recovery Facility

City of Helena  Evaluation and Design of Solid Waste Resource Recovery Facility
Author: Richard Frounfelker,Joseph Swartzbaugh,Montana. Renewable Energy and Conservation Program
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 74
Release: 1982
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:41675136
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

City of Helena Evaluation and Design of Solid Waste Resource Recovery Facility Book Review:

Waste Biorefineries Future Energy Green Products and Waste Treatment

Waste Biorefineries  Future Energy  Green Products and Waste Treatment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2019-09-24
ISBN 10: 2889459934
ISBN 13: 9782889459933
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste Biorefineries Future Energy Green Products and Waste Treatment Book Review:

Energy recovery from waste resources holds a significant role in the sustainable waste management hierarchy to support the concept of circular economies and to mitigate the challenges of waste originated problems of sanitation, environment, and public health. Today, waste disposal to landfills is the most widely used methodology, particularly in developing countries, because of limited budgets and lack of efficient infrastructure and facilities to maintain efficient and practical global standards. As a consequence, the dump-sites or non-sanitary landfills have become the significant sources of greenhouse gases emissions, soil and water contamination, unpleasant odors, leachate, and disease spreading vectors, flies, and rodents. However, waste can be utilized to produce a range of potential products such as energy, fuels and value-added products under waste biorefineries. A holistic and quantitative view, such as waste biorefinery, on waste management must be linked to the actual country, taking into account its socio-economic situation, local waste sources, and composition, as well as the available markets for the recovered energy and products. Therefore, it is critical to understand that solutions cannot be just copied from one region to the others. In fact, all waste handling, transportation, and treatment can represent a burden to the cities’ environment and macro and micro economics, except for the benefits obtained from recovered materials and energy. Equally significant is a clear and quantitative understanding of the industrial, and public potential of utilizing recovered materials and energy in the markets as these can be reached without exacerbating the environmental issues using excessive transport. The book explores new advancements and discoveries on the development of emerging waste-to-energy technologies, practical implementation, and lessons learned from sustainable wastemanagement practices under waste biorefinery concept, which will accelerate the growth of circular economies in the world. The articles presented in this book have been written by expert researchers and academics working in institutions at different countries across the world including Germany, Greece, Japan, South Korea, China, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Iran, and India. The research articles have been arranged into three main subject categories; 1) Resource recovery from waste, 2) Waste to energy technologies and 3) Waste biorefineries. This book will serve as an important resource for research students, academics, industry, policy makers, and government agencies working in the field of integrated waste management, energy and resource recovery, waste to energy technologies, waste biorefineries etc. The editorial team of this book is very grateful to all the authors for their excellent contributions and making the book successful.

Municipal Solid Waste Management

Municipal Solid Waste Management
Author: P. Jayarama Reddy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2011-11-30
ISBN 10: 9780415690362
ISBN 13: 0415690366
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Municipal Solid Waste Management Book Review:

One of the big challenges that today's growing cities are coping with is the delivery of effective and sustainable waste management, together with a good sanitation. This volume provides a comprehensive presentation and overall picture of municipal solid waste management, including waste generation and characterization, waste reduction and recycling, waste collection and transfer and waste disposal. It analyses how these aspects are practiced in developing and developed countries. The traditional method of disposal – composting at different scales – is discussed, including the benefits of compost. 'Energy-from-waste-technologies' are amply discussed, with comparisons between developed and developing countries, and with parameters and conditions for successful operation of these technologies. Moreover, the construction and operational aspects of landfills – to maintain environmental safety and the health of the residents nearby – are described in depth. In addition to a chapter with case studies of several countries and cities in every continent, a special chapter is dedicated to municipal solid waste management in India, including legal provisions, financial resources, private participation and citizens' rights and obligations, and the status in three major cities. By presenting different elements that constitute a sustainable procedure, including the recovery of clean energy, this volume will serve as a guide to students in science and engineering and to key players in waste management services and policies.