Caldera Volcanism

Caldera Volcanism
Author: Joachim Gottsmann,Joan Marti
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2011-09-22
ISBN 10: 0080558976
ISBN 13: 9780080558974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Caldera Volcanism Book Review:

This volume aims at providing answers to some puzzling questions concerning the formation and the behavior of collapse calderas by exploring our current understanding of these complex geological processes. Addressed are problems such as: - How do collapse calderas form? - What are the conditions to create fractures and slip along them to initiate caldera collapse and when are these conditions fulfilled? - How do these conditions relate to explosive volcanism? - Most products of large caldera-forming eruptions show evidence for pre-eruptive reheating. Is this a pre-requisite to produce large volume eruptions and large calderas? - What are the time-scales behind caldera processes? - How long does it take magma to reach conditions ripe enough to generate a caldera-forming eruption? - What is the mechanical behavior of magma chamber walls during caldera collapse? Elastic, viscoelastic, or rigid? - Do calderas form by underpressure following a certain level of magma withdrawal from a reservoir, or by magma chamber loading due to deep doming (underplating), or both? - How to interpret unrest signals in active caldera systems? - How can we use information from caldera monitoring to forecast volcanic phenomena? In the form of 14 contributions from various disciplines this book samples the state-of-the-art of caldera studies and identifies still unresolved key issues that need dedicated cross-boundary and multidisciplinary efforts in the years to come. * International contributions from leading experts * Updates and informs on all the latest developments * Highlights hot topic areas and identifies and analyzes unresolved key issues

Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera

Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera
Author: Andrea Bevilacqua
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2016-05-03
ISBN 10: 8876425772
ISBN 13: 9788876425776
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Doubly Stochastic Models for Volcanic Hazard Assessment at Campi Flegrei Caldera Book Review:

This study provides innovative mathematical models for assessing the eruption probability and associated volcanic hazards, and applies them to the Campi Flegrei caldera in Italy. Throughout the book, significant attention is devoted to quantifying the sources of uncertainty affecting the forecast estimates. The Campi Flegrei caldera is certainly one of the world’s highest-risk volcanoes, with more than 70 eruptions over the last 15,000 years, prevalently explosive ones of varying magnitude, intensity and vent location. In the second half of the twentieth century the volcano apparently once again entered a phase of unrest that continues to the present. Hundreds of thousands of people live inside the caldera and over a million more in the nearby city of Naples, making a future eruption of Campi Flegrei an event with potentially catastrophic consequences at the national and European levels.

Super Volcanoes What They Reveal about Earth and the Worlds Beyond

Super Volcanoes  What They Reveal about Earth and the Worlds Beyond
Author: Robin George Andrews
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2021-11-02
ISBN 10: 0393542076
ISBN 13: 9780393542073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Super Volcanoes What They Reveal about Earth and the Worlds Beyond Book Review:

An exhilarating, time-traveling journey to the solar system’s strangest and most awe-inspiring volcanoes. Volcanoes are capable of acts of pyrotechnical prowess verging on magic: they spout black magma more fluid than water, create shimmering cities of glass at the bottom of the ocean and frozen lakes of lava on the moon, and can even tip entire planets over. Between lava that melts and re-forms the landscape, and noxious volcanic gases that poison the atmosphere, volcanoes have threatened life on Earth countless times in our planet’s history. Yet despite their reputation for destruction, volcanoes are inseparable from the creation of our planet. A lively and utterly fascinating guide to these geologic wonders, Super Volcanoes revels in the incomparable power of volcanic eruptions past and present, Earthbound and otherwise—and recounts the daring and sometimes death-defying careers of the scientists who study them. Science journalist and volcanologist Robin George Andrews explores how these eruptions reveal secrets about the worlds to which they belong, describing the stunning ways in which volcanoes can sculpt the sea, land, and sky, and even influence the machinery that makes or breaks the existence of life. Walking us through the mechanics of some of the most infamous eruptions on Earth, Andrews outlines what we know about how volcanoes form, erupt, and evolve, as well as what scientists are still trying to puzzle out. How can we better predict when a deadly eruption will occur—and protect communities in the danger zone? Is Earth’s system of plate tectonics, unique in the solar system, the best way to forge a planet that supports life? And if life can survive and even thrive in Earth’s extreme volcanic environments—superhot, superacidic, and supersaline surroundings previously thought to be completely inhospitable—where else in the universe might we find it? Traveling from Hawai‘i, Yellowstone, Tanzania, and the ocean floor to the moon, Venus, and Mars, Andrews illuminates the cutting-edge discoveries and lingering scientific mysteries surrounding these phenomenal forces of nature.

Volcanism

Volcanism
Author: Hans-Ulrich Schmincke
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642189520
ISBN 13: 9783642189524
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcanism Book Review:

Volcanic eruptions are the clear and dramatic expression of dynamic processes in planet Earth. The author, one of the most profound specialists in the field of volcanology, explains in a concise and easy to understand manner the basics and most recent findings in the field. Based on over 300 color figures and the model of plate tectonics, the book offers insight into the generation of magmas and the occurrence and origin of volcanoes. The analysis and description of volcanic structures is followed by process oriented chapters discussing the role of magmatic gases as well as explosive mechanisms and sedimentation of volcanic material. The final chapters deal with the forecast of eruptions and their influence on climate. Students and scientists of a broad range of fields will use this book as an interesting and attractive source of information. Laypeople will find it a highly accessible and graphically beautiful way to acquire a state-of-the-art foundation in this fascinating field. "Volcanism by Hans-Ulrich Schmincke has photos of the best quality I have ever seen in a text on the subject... In addition, the schematic figures in their wide range of styles are clear, colorful, and simplified to emphasize the most important factors while including all significant features... "I have really enjoyed reading and rereading Schmincke’s book. It fills a great gap in texts available for teaching any basic course in volcanology. No other book I know of has the depth and breadth of Volcanism... I have shared Volcanism with my colleagues to their significant benefit, and I am more convinced of its value for a broad range of Earth and planetary scientists. Undoubtedly, I will use Volcanism for my upcoming courses in volcanology. I will never hesitate to recommend it to others. Many geoscientists from very different subdisciplines will benefit from adding the book to their personal libraries. Schmincke has done us all a great service by undertaking the grueling task of writing the book – and it is much better that he alone wrote it." Stanley N. Williams, ASU Tempe, AZ (Physics Today, April 2005) "Schmincke is a German volcanologist with an international reputation, and he has done us all a great favour because he sensibly channelled his fascination with volcanoes into writing this beautifully illustrated book... [he] tackles the entire geological setting of volcanoes within the earth and the processes that form them... And, with more than 400 colour illustrations, including a huge number of really excellent new diagrams, cutaway models and maps, plus a rich glossary and references, this book is accessible to anyone with an interest in the subject." New Scientist (March 2004) "The science of volcanology has made tremendous progress over the past 40 years, primarily because of technological advances and because each tragic eruption has led researchers to recognize the processes behind such serious hazards. Yet scientists are still learning a great deal because of photographs that either capture those processes in action or show us the critical factors left behind in the rock record.Volcanism by Hans-Ulrich Schmincke has photos of the best quality I have ever seen in a text on the subject. I found myself wishing that I had had the photo of Nicaragua’s Masaya volcano, which was the subject of my dissertation, but it was Schmincke who was able to include it in his book. In addition, the schematic figures in their wide range of styles are clear, colorful, and simplified to emphasize the most important factors while including all significant features. The book’s paper is of such high quality that at times I felt I had turned two pages rather than one. I have really enjoyed reading and rereading Schmincke’s book. It fills a great gap in texts available for teaching any basic course in volcanology. No other book I know of has the depth and breadth of Volcanism. I was disappointed that the text did not arrive on my desk until last August, when it was too late for me to choose it for my course in volcanology. I am also disappointed about another fact—the book’s binding is already becoming tattered because of my intense use of it! Schmincke is a volcanologist who, in 1967, first published papers on sedimentary rocks of volcanic origin, the direction traveled by lava flows millions of years ago, and the structures preserved in explosive ignimbrites, or pumice-flow deposits, that reveal important details of their formation. Since then, his studies in Germany’s Laacher See, the Canary Islands, the Troodos Ophiolite of Cyprus, and many other regions have forged great fundamental advances. Such contributions have been recognized with his receipt of several international awards and clearly give him a strong base for writing the book. However, as a scientist who has focused on the challenges of monitoring the very diverse activities of volcanoes, I think that the text’s overriding emphasis on the rock record has its cost. The group of scientists who are struggling with their goals to reduce or mitigate the hazards of the eruptions of tomorrow need to learn more about the options of technology, instrumentation, and methodology that are currently available. More than 500 million people live near the more than 1500 known active volcanoes and are constantly facing serious threats of eruptions. An extremely energetic earthquake caused the horrific tsunamis of 2004. However, the tsunamis of 1792, 1815, and 1883, which were caused by the eruptions of Japan’s Unzen volcano and Indonesia’s Tambora and Krakatau volcanoes, each took a similar toll. " ( Stanley N. Williams, PHYSICS TODAY, April 2005)

Publications of the Geological Survey

Publications of the Geological Survey
Author: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1986
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105006313766
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the Geological Survey Book Review:

Vesuvius Campi Flegrei and Campanian Volcanism

Vesuvius  Campi Flegrei  and Campanian Volcanism
Author: Benedetto De Vivo,Harvey E. Belkin,Giuseppe Rolandi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2019-10-11
ISBN 10: 0128175184
ISBN 13: 9780128175187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vesuvius Campi Flegrei and Campanian Volcanism Book Review:

Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, and Campanian Volcanism communicates the state-of-the-art scientific knowledge on past and active volcanism in an area characterized by elevated risk due to high-density population. Eruptions, lahars and poisonous gas clouds have killed many thousands of people over recorded history, but volcanoes have given people some of the most fertile soil known in agriculture. The research presented in this book is useful for policymakers and researchers from these and other countries who are looking for risk assessment and volcanic evolution models they can apply to similar situations around the world. Naples and its surrounding area, in particular, the area situated between Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei volcanic area has a population in excess of 4 million people. The volcanic areas that have similarly large populations in proximity to dormant, but hazardous volcanoes, i.e., Indonesia and Central America can also benefit from this work. Covers the fundamental science of volcanoes, including new developments in the last decade relating to the use of crystals and melt inclusions to model the nature and evolution of volatiles Includes the latest research on volcanism in Southern Italy that is presented as a case study for active and inactive volcanoes across the globe Presents research that is applicable around the world, for people, scientists and policymakers living on, or near, active volcanoes

Geodetic And Geophysical Effects Associated With Seismic And Volcanic Hazards

Geodetic And Geophysical Effects Associated With Seismic And Volcanic Hazards
Author: José Fernandez
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3034878974
ISBN 13: 9783034878975
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geodetic And Geophysical Effects Associated With Seismic And Volcanic Hazards Book Review:

Although geodetic monitoring techniques have been widely used in areas of seismic or volcanic activity, the difficulty inherent to their discrete nature means that they must be deployed carefully to ensure the best possible detection or sensitivity of these points (see e. g. , BALDI and UNGUENDOLI, 1987; JOHNSON and WYATT, 1994; SEGALL and MATTHEWS, 1997; Yu et al. , 2000). In many cases, a more global monitoring method, is required yet at the same time one that offers the highest level of sensitivity which enables detection of the phenomenon. Interferometry radar (InSAR) techniques have been shown to play an important role in seismic and volcanic monitoring because they cover large areas (100 x 100 km) and can be easily systematized in monitoring (see e. g. , MASSONNET and FEIGL, 1998; BDRGMANN et al. , 2000; MASSONNET and SIGMUNDSON, 2000; HANSSEN, 2001). The limitations inherent to the GPS and InSAR techniques (mainly observations at discrete surface points in the case of GPS and existence of non-coherent areas and the fact that, at present, the three displacement components cannot be obtained in SAR interferometry) can be overcome by using them together or other techniques (e. g. , PUGLISI and COLTELLI, 2001; RODRiGUEZ-VELASCO et al. , 2002; FERNANDEZ et al. , 2003).

Volcanology in New Mexico

Volcanology in New Mexico
Author: Larry S. Crumpler,Spencer G. Lucas
Publsiher: New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volcanology in New Mexico Book Review:

The Silent Canyon Caldera Complex A Three Dimensional Model Based on Drill Hole Stratigraphy and Gravity Inversion

The Silent Canyon Caldera Complex  A Three Dimensional Model Based on Drill Hole Stratigraphy and Gravity Inversion
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 1428918450
ISBN 13: 9781428918450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Silent Canyon Caldera Complex A Three Dimensional Model Based on Drill Hole Stratigraphy and Gravity Inversion Book Review:

The Geology of England and Wales

The Geology of England and Wales
Author: P. J. Brenchley
Publsiher: Geological Society of London
Total Pages: 559
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9781862392007
ISBN 13: 1862392005
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Geology of England and Wales Book Review:

In this update of the 1992 edition, Benchley (U. of Liverpool, UK) and Rawson (U. College, London) introduce 17 chapters by noting the remarkable fact that the landmass of present-day England and Wales encompasses all the geological systems. Their introduction presents a broad overview that is accessible to nonspecialists, and features a reproducti

U S Geological Survey Professional Paper

U S  Geological Survey Professional Paper
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1960
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210000032423
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

U S Geological Survey Professional Paper Book Review:

U S Geological Survey Bulletin

U S  Geological Survey Bulletin
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1983
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: WISC:89060826104
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

U S Geological Survey Bulletin Book Review:

North Island Volcanism

North Island Volcanism
Author: B. F. Houghton,S. D. Weaver
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 138
Release: 1986
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105008978558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

North Island Volcanism Book Review:

Active Tectonic and Magmatic Processes Beneath Long Valley Caldera Eastern California

Active Tectonic and Magmatic Processes Beneath Long Valley Caldera  Eastern California
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 942
Release: 1984
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822026107920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Active Tectonic and Magmatic Processes Beneath Long Valley Caldera Eastern California Book Review:

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
Author: Edward A. Keller,Duane E. DeVecchio
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 574
Release: 2016-07-07
ISBN 10: 1315508680
ISBN 13: 9781315508689
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Hazards Book Review:

Natural Hazards: Earth Processes as Hazards, Disasters and Catastrophes, Fourth Edition, is an introductory-level survey intended for university and college courses that are concerned with earth processes that have direct, and often sudden and violent, impacts on human society. The text integrates principles of geology, hydrology, meteorology, climatology, oceanography, soil science, ecology and solar system astronomy. The book is designed for a course in natural hazards for non-science majors, and a primary goal of the text is to assist instructors in guiding students who may have little background in science to understand physical earth processes as natural hazards and their consequences to society. Natural Hazards uses historical to recent examples of hazards and disasters to explore how and why they happen and what we can do to limit their effects. The text's up-to-date coverage of recent disasters brings a fresh perspective to the material. The Fourth Edition continues our new active learning approach that includes reinforcement of learning objective with a fully updated visual program and pedagogical tools that highlight fundamental concepts of the text. This program will provide an interactive and engaging learning experience for your students. Here's how: Provide a balanced approach to the study of natural hazards: Focus on the basic earth science of hazards as well as roles of human processes and effects on our planet in a broader, more balanced approach to the study of natural hazards. Enhance understanding and comprehension of natural hazards: Newly revised stories and case studies give students a behind the scenes glimpse into how hazards are evaluated from a scientific and human perspective; the stories of real people who survive natural hazards, and the lives and research of professionals who have contributed significantly to the research of hazardous events. Strong pedagogical tools reinforce the text's core features: Chapter structure and design organizes the material into three major sections to help students learn, digest, and review learning objectives.

Essentials of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

Essentials of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Author: B. Ronald Frost,Carol D. Frost
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1107512271
ISBN 13: 9781107512276
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology Book Review:

All geoscience students need to understand the origins, environments and basic processes that produce igneous and metamorphic rocks. This concise textbook, written specifically for one-semester undergraduate courses, provides students with the key information they need to understand these processes. Topics are organized around the types of rocks to expect in a given tectonic environment, rather than around rock classifications: this is much more interesting and engaging for students, as it applies petrology to real geologic environments. This textbook includes over 250 illustrations and photos, and is supplemented by additional color photomicrographs made freely available online. Application boxes throughout the text encourage students to consider how petrology connects to wider aspects of geology, including economic geology, geologic hazards and geophysics. End-of-chapter exercises allow students to apply the concepts they have learnt and practice interpreting petrologic data.

Archeology and Volcanism in Central America

Archeology and Volcanism in Central America
Author: Payson D. Sheets
Publsiher: University of Texas Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2014-07-03
ISBN 10: 1477300333
ISBN 13: 9781477300336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Archeology and Volcanism in Central America Book Review:

Scientists have long speculated on the impact of extreme natural catastrophes on human societies. Archeology and Volcanism in Central America provides dramatic evidence of the effects of several volcanic disasters on a major civilization of the Western Hemisphere, that of the Maya. During the past 2,000 years, four volcanic eruptions have taken place in the Zapotitán Valley of southern El Salvador. One, the devastating eruption of Ilopango around A.D. 300, forced a major migration, pushing the Mayan people north to the Yucatán Peninsula. Although later eruptions did not have long-range implications for cultural change, one of the subsequent eruptions preserved the Cerén site—a Mesoamerican Pompeii where the bodies of the villagers, the palm-thatched roofs of their houses, the pots of food in their pantries, even the corn plants in their fields were preserved with remarkable fidelity. Throughout 1978, a multidisciplinary team of anthropologists, archeologists, geologists, biologists, and others sponsored by the University of Colorado's Protoclassic Project researched and excavated the results of volcanism in the Zapotitan Valley—a key Mesoamerican site that contemporary political strife has since rendered inaccessible. The result is an outstanding contribution to our understanding of the impact of volcanic eruptions on early Mayan civilization. These investigations clearly demonstrate that the Maya inhabited this volcanically hazardous valley in order to reap the short-term benefits that the volcanic ash produced—fertile soil, fine clays, and obsidian deposits.

Textures Structures and Processes of Volcanic Successions

Textures  Structures and Processes of Volcanic Successions
Author: Beatriz L.L. Coira,Clara Eugenia Cisterna
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2020-09-18
ISBN 10: 3030520102
ISBN 13: 9783030520106
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textures Structures and Processes of Volcanic Successions Book Review:

This book provides a complete study of the Central Andean volcanism and its most distinctive features, from the lower Paleozoic to the Cenozoic times in the framework of its processes, eruptive mechanisms and geodynamic conditions. It helps readers understand the nature of the volcanic geology and the volcaniclastic related deposits linked to the evolution of the Andean continental margin. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the ancient volcanic successions and the difficulties in recognition of the original rock type caused by the effects of deformation, metamorphism and alteration. The authors use distinctive cases to describe how to apply different tools in analysis and interpretation. The selected representative, well exposed and preserved volcanic records of the Southern Central Andes analyzed in this book open new perspectives in the understanding of the volcanic processes linked to active continental margins as the Central Andes. This book will be of special interest to volcanologists and specialists in the earth sciences and appeal to both undergraduate and graduate students in geology.

Intraplate Volcanism

Intraplate Volcanism
Author: Robert Wallace Johnson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 1989-11-24
ISBN 10: 9780521380836
ISBN 13: 0521380839
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intraplate Volcanism Book Review:

This study of the young volcanoes of eastern Australia and parts of New Zealand looks at rock types and formation and inclusions of the upper mantle and lower-crustal rocks found in volcanic deposits. It discusses the Earth's crust and the mantle beneath, and the geological evolution in the area over the last 70-80 million years.

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1456
Release: 2015-03-06
ISBN 10: 0123859395
ISBN 13: 9780123859396
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes Book Review:

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included