Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By Products

Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By Products
Author: Palmiro Poltronieri,Oscar Fernando D'Urso
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2016-03-01
ISBN 10: 0128036486
ISBN 13: 9780128036488
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By Products Book Review:

Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By-Products in the 4F Economy: The Food, Feed, Fiber, Fuel (4F) Economy presents an evaluation of plant species better exploitable for a particular transformation. As crops are already covering large parts of cultivable soils, is it is not conceivable to try to extend the cultures beyond the limit of available soils, but a further increase in productivity is not easy to obtain. The book discusses advances in technology and plants design which support the exploitation and valorization of vegetable and fruit by-products through fermentation (feed-batch liquid fermentation, solid-state fermentation) in bio-based bio-chemicals/biofuels production. Pathways in the biosynthesis of fibers, sugars, and metabolites are provided with a focus on the lifecycle of bacteria, yeasts, and even plant species. The text analyzes cellular structures and the organization of cell walls in order to show which polysaccharides offer more favorable fermentative processes and which are detrimental. Provides an overview of all plant based biosources Includes examples of biochemical/biofuel production from plant waste Discusses the production of enzymes used in the plant fermentation processes Explores the new fermentation technologies and production of chemicals and fuels from various plants

Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals

Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals
Author: Satinder Kaur Brar,Gurpreet Singh Dhillon,Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2013-09-24
ISBN 10: 1461480051
ISBN 13: 9781461480051
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals Book Review:

Agro-industrial wastes are end-products emerging after industrial processing operations and also from their treatment and disposal e.g. solid fruit wastes and sludge. The agro-industrial wastes are often present in multiphase and comprise multicomponent. Nevertheless, these wastes are a goldmine as they possess valuable organic matter which can be diverted towards high value products ranging from polymers to antibiotics to platform chemicals. There have been plenty of books published on bioenergy, enzymes and organic acids, among others. However, this emerging field of biochemical has not yet been covered so far which is an important entity of the biorefinery model from waste biomass and needs to be understood from fundamental, applied as well as commercial perspective which has been laid out in this book.

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products
Author: Inamuddin,Anish Khan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2021-04-20
ISBN 10: 3030618374
ISBN 13: 9783030618377
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products Book Review:

This edited book discusses various processes of feedstocks bioconversion such as bioconversion of food waste, human manure, industrial waste, beverage waste, kitchen waste, organic waste, fruit and vegetable, poultry waste, solid waste, agro-industrial waste, cow dung, steroid, lignocellulosic residue, biomass, natural gas etc. Nowadays, the industrial revolution and urbanization have made human life comfortable. However, this requires excess usage of natural resources starting from food and food products, to energy resources, materials as well as chemicals. The excess use of natural resources for human comfort is expected to high fuel prices, decline natural resources as well as cause a huge hike in the cost of raw materials. These factors are pushing researchers to grow environmentally friendly processes and techniques based on inexpensive and sustainable feedstock to accomplish such worldwide targets. Bioconversion, otherwise called biotransformation, is the change of natural materials, for example, plant or animal waste, into usable items or energy sources by microorganisms. Bioconversion is an environmentally friendly benevolent choice to supplant the well-established chemical procedures utilized these days for the production of chemicals and fuels. A variety of alternatives advancements are being considered and are directly accessible to acquire diverse valuable end-products through bioprocesses. This book discusses in detail the process and techniques of bioconversion by focusing on the organic feedstock of animal and plant origin. It brings solutions to the bioconversion of various feedstock into value-added products.

Energy

Energy
Author: Pardeep Singh,Suruchi Singh,Gaurav Kumar,Pooja Baweja
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2021-09-06
ISBN 10: 1119741556
ISBN 13: 9781119741558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Book Review:

Energy Global energy demand has more than doubled since 1970. The use of energy is strongly related to almost every conceivable aspect of development: wealth, health, nutrition, water, infrastructure, education and even life expectancy itself are strongly and significantly related to the consumption of energy per capita. Many development indicators are strongly related to per-capita energy consumption. Fossil fuel is the most conventional source of energy but also increases greenhouse gas emissions. The economic development of many countries has come at the cost of the environment. However, it should not be presumed that a reconciliation of the two is not possible. The nexus concept is the interconnection between the resource energy, water, food, land, and climate. Such interconnections enable us to address trade-offs and seek synergies among them. Energy, water, food, land, and climate are essential resources of our natural environment and support our quality of life. Competition between these resources is increasing globally and is exacerbated by climate change. Improving resilience and securing resource availability would require improving resource efficiency. Many policies and programs are announced nationally and internationally for replacing the conventional mode and also emphasizing on conservation of fossil fuels and reuse of exhausted energy, so a gap in implications and outcomes can be broadly traced by comparing the data. This book aims to highlight problems and solutions related to conventional energy utilization, formation, and multitudes of ecological impacts and tools for the conservation of fossil fuels. The book also discusses modern energy services as one of the sustainable development goals and how the pressure on resource energy disturbs the natural flows. The recent advances in alternative energy sources and their possible future growth are discussed and on how conventional energy leads to greenhouse gas formation, which reduces energy use efficiency. The different policies and models operating is also addressed, and the gaps that remained between them. Climate change poses a challenge for renewable energy, and thus it is essential to identify the factors that would reduce the possibility of relying on sustainable energy sources. This book will be of interest to researchers and stakeholders, students, industries, NGOs, and governmental agencies directly or indirectly associated with energy research.

Bioconversion of Waste Materials to Industrial Products

Bioconversion of Waste Materials to Industrial Products
Author: A.M. Martin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461558212
ISBN 13: 9781461558217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioconversion of Waste Materials to Industrial Products Book Review:

By covering both the general principles of bioconversion and the specific characteristics of the main groups of waste materials amenable to bioconversion methods, this new book provides the chemical, biochemical, agrochemical and process engineer with clear guidance on the use of these methods in devising a solution to the problem of industrial waste products.

Food Waste Management

Food Waste Management
Author: Elina Närvänen,Nina Mesiranta,Malla Mattila,Anna Heikkinen
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2019-09-03
ISBN 10: 3030205614
ISBN 13: 9783030205614
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Food Waste Management Book Review:

This book focuses on the crucial sustainability challenge of reducing food waste at the level of consumer-society. Providing an in-depth, research-based overview of the multifaceted problem, it considers environmental, economic, social and ethical factors. Perspectives included in the book address households, consumers, and organizations, and their role in reducing food waste. Rather than focusing upon the reasons for food waste itself, the chapters develop research-based solutions for the problem, providing a much-needed solution-orientated approach that takes multiple perspectives into account. Chapters 1, 2, 12 and 16 of this book are available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy
Author: Arindam Kuila,Mainak Mukhopadhyay
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2020-10-20
ISBN 10: 1119591422
ISBN 13: 9781119591429
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefinery Production Technologies for Chemicals and Energy Book Review:

The world has shifted towards sustainable development for the generation of energy and industrially valuable chemicals. Biorefinery plays an important role in the integration of conversion process with high-end equipment facilities for the generation of energy, fuels and chemicals. The first part of the book presents the fundamentals of the biorefinery concept. The second part describes the biorefinery approach for production of several industrially important chemicals from waste biomass and agro residues. These chemicals include industrially important C4. C5 and C6 chemicals, propylene glycol, glycerol byproducts, dyes and inks etc. Each and every chemical has its own industrial value and the book describes the production processes and strategies at the industrial level. The final part of the book describes the various biorefinery approaches and economic analysis for the different types of biofuel production.

Sustainable Agriculture Forest and Environmental Management

Sustainable Agriculture  Forest and Environmental Management
Author: Manoj Kumar Jhariya,Arnab Banerjee,Ram Swaroop Meena,Dhiraj Kumar Yadav
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2019-05-28
ISBN 10: 9811368309
ISBN 13: 9789811368301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Agriculture Forest and Environmental Management Book Review:

The recent technologies for sustainable development and maintaining ecological integrity in the field of agriculture, forestry and environmental management for the green future. Describes the recent technologies and issues to generate awareness among the global scientific community towards sustainable development. Covers various eco-friendly approaches for successful management of soil, water, forest, agriculture, and other natural resources. Addresses the policy issues promoting conservation, protection and management of various natural resources. Presents the issues of climate change and sustainable strategies to combat such a mega event. The existence of life on the earth primarily depends upon the agriculture, forest and environment. The changing climate is imposing the multifaceted challenges in front of human civilization. The agroecosystem management practices and technologies leads to higher productivity with destruction of agricultural, forest and environmental habitat leading to soil-water-air pollution. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) plays a key role in the promoting research and developmental activities in various sectors to achieve the sustainable development goals under 2030 agenda. Gradual growth of science and technology has imposed a significant pressure on the different ecosystem. In this context, approaches such as sustainable agriculture, forestry and eco-friendly technologies need to be address across the world. Keeping view of these facts this book underlines scientific chapters dealing with the issues with proper explanation, and accompanied by illustrative diagrams, tables, database as required. The editors have tried to provide a brief scenario about the current issues related to the agriculture, forestry and environment. Therefore, the book would be a very useful resource for academicians, scientists, and policy makers of the related field.

Biorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value Added Products

Biorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value Added Products
Author: Suraini Abd-Aziz,Misri Gozan,Mohamad Faizal Ibrahim,Lai-Yee Phang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2021-12-21
ISBN 10: 3527830766
ISBN 13: 9783527830763
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value Added Products Book Review:

Biorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value-Added Products An instructive and up-to-date pretreatment and industrial applications of oil producing plants Biorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value-Added Products is a two-volume set that delivers a comprehensive exploration of oil producing plants, from their availability to their pretreatment, bioenergy generation, chemical generation, bioproduct generation, and economic impact. The distinguished team of editors has included a wide variety of highly instructive resources written by leading contributors to the field. This set explores the current and future potential of bioenergy production to address the energy and climate crisis, as well as the technologies used to produce materials like biogas, biodiesel, bioethanol, biobutanol, biochar, fuel pellets, and biohydrogen. It also discusses the production of biobased chemicals, including bio-oil, biosurfactants, catanionic surfactants, glycerol, biovanillin, bioplastic, and plant-oil based polyurethanes. Concluding with an insightful analysis of the economic effects of oil producing plants, the set also offers readers: A thorough introduction to the availability of oil producing plants, including palm oil, castor oil, jatropha, nyamplung, and coconut A comprehensive exploration of the pretreatment of oil producing plants, including the physical, chemical and biological pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass Practical discussion of the generation of bioenergy, including biogas generation in the palm oil mill and biodiesel production techniques using jatropha In-depth examinations of the generation of biobased chemicals, including those produced from the tobacco plant Perfect for researchers and industry practitioners involved with the biorefinery of oil producing plants, Biorefinery of Oil Producing Plants for Value-Added Products also belongs in the libraries of undergraduate and graduate students studying agriculture, chemistry, engineering, and microbiology.

Valorisation of Agro industrial Residues Volume I Biological Approaches

Valorisation of Agro industrial Residues     Volume I  Biological Approaches
Author: Zainul Akmar Zakaria,Ramaraj Boopathy,Julian Rafael Dib
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2020-03-04
ISBN 10: 303039137X
ISBN 13: 9783030391379
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valorisation of Agro industrial Residues Volume I Biological Approaches Book Review:

Agriculture and industry are the two most important economic sectors for various countries around the globe, providing millions of jobs as well as being the main source of income for these countries. Nevertheless, with the increasing demand for agricultural and industrial produce, huge amounts of waste are also being produced. Without proper management, this waste (both liquid and solid) poses a serious threat to overall environmental quality, mainly due to its toxicity and slow degradation processes. Current approaches are effective but would normally require huge capital investments, are labour intensive and generate potential hazardous by-products. As such, there is a need for alternative approaches that are cheaper, easier-to-handle and have a minimum potential impact on environmental quality. This book presents up-to-date approaches using biological techniques to manage the abundance of waste generated from agricultural and industrial activities. It discusses techniques such as bioconversion, biodegradation, biotransformation, and biomonitoring as well as the utilization of these wastes. A number of chapters also include individual case studies to enhance readers’ understanding of the topics. This comprehensive book is a useful resource for anyone involved in agricultural and industrial waste management, green chemistry or biotechnology. It is also recommended as a reference work for graduate students and all agriculture and biotechnology libraries.

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products
Author: Rajeev Bhat
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2021-08-25
ISBN 10: 0128242604
ISBN 13: 9780128242605
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products Book Review:

Valorization of Agri-Food Wastes and By-Products: Recent Trends, Innovations and Sustainability Challenges addresses the waste and by-product valorization of fruits and vegetables, beverages, nuts and seeds, dairy and seafood. The book focuses its coverage on bioactive recovery, health benefits, biofuel production and environment issues, as well as recent technological developments surrounding state of the art of food waste management and innovation. The book also presents tools for value chain analysis and explores future sustainability challenges. In addition, the book offers theoretical and experimental information used to investigate different aspects of the valorization of agri-food wastes and by-products. Valorization of Agri-Food Wastes and By-Products: Recent Trends, Innovations and Sustainability Challenges will be a great resource for food researchers, including those working in food loss or waste, agricultural processing, and engineering, food scientists, technologists, agricultural engineers, and students and professionals working on sustainable food production and effective management of food loss, wastes and by-products. Covers recent trends, innovations, and sustainability challenges related to food wastes and by-products valorization Explores various recovery processes, the functionality of targeted bioactive compounds, and green processing technologies Presents emerging technologies for the valorization of agri-food wastes and by-products Highlights potential industrial applications of food wastes and by-products to support circular economy concepts

Waste to Wealth

Waste to Wealth
Author: Reeta Rani Singhania,Rashmi Avinash Agarwal,R. Praveen Kumar,Rajeev K Sukumaran
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2017-12-07
ISBN 10: 9811074313
ISBN 13: 9789811074318
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste to Wealth Book Review:

This book focuses on value addition to various waste streams, which include industrial waste, agricultural waste, and municipal solid and liquid waste. It addresses the utilization of waste to generate valuable products such as electricity, fuel, fertilizers, and chemicals, while placing special emphasis on environmental concerns and presenting a multidisciplinary approach for handling waste. Including chapters authored by prominent national and international experts, the book will be of interest to researchers, professionals and policymakers alike.

Biotechnology for Waste Biomass Utilization

Biotechnology for Waste Biomass Utilization
Author: Prakash K. Sarangi,Latika Bhatia
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2022-10-13
ISBN 10: 1000565181
ISBN 13: 9781000565188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnology for Waste Biomass Utilization Book Review:

This volume focuses on how waste biomass can be transformed into useful biomaterials, food and feed, fuel, and chemicals by using various processes such as chemical, physical, thermal, biological, and biotechnological procedures. Biomass from biowastes, such as agriculture crop residues, wood processing residues, forest residues, food waste, industrial waste, and municipal solid waste, have emerged as potential substrates for bioenergy production. This volume explores the key features of biotechnology for waste biomass utilization, presenting scientific and technical literature on sustainable waste biomass management as well as for biomass conversion for biofuels, chemicals, and other new commercial products. It discusses a variety of novel biotechnical applications and interventions, including microbial fermentation and anaerobic digestion, biotechnological modes of xylooligosaccharides production, multifaceted utilization of microalgal biomass, vermiculture and vermicomposting, and more. Key features: Provides the most recent information about waste biomass utilization for the production of biofuels and biochemicals Shows a wide range of novel technologies in the field of biotechnology towards waste biomass utilization Focuses on the utilization of microbial resources for waste biomass conversion into value-added products Explores methods for food wastes and crop wastes conversion into biofuels and biochemicals Provides the scientific information describing various examples and case studies which aid gaining knowledge to researchers and academicians With chapters from eminent researchers who have significant global experience in the field of waste biomass management, this volume delivers a wealth of valuable information for researchers involved in bioenergy utilization. It will also be an essential source for academicians, researchers, economists, policymakers, and policy analysts.

Biofuels from Agricultural Wastes and Byproducts

Biofuels from Agricultural Wastes and Byproducts
Author: Hans P. Blaschek,Thaddeus C. Ezeji,Jürgen Scheffran
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2016-06-14
ISBN 10: 0470961686
ISBN 13: 9780470961681
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels from Agricultural Wastes and Byproducts Book Review:

Traditional agriculture and emerging biofuels technology produce a number of wastes and by-products, ranging from corn fiber and glycerin to animal manure, that have the potential to serve as the basis for additional sources of bioenergy that includes both liquid biofuels and biogas. Biofuels from Agricultural Wastes and Byproducts is the first book to focus solely on the production of biofuels primarily from agricultural waste and by-products. The book is divided roughly into two sections. The first section looks at liquid biofuel production from agricultural byproducts, densification of agricultural residues, and the delivery from farm to processing plant of waste and byproducts for use in biofuel production. The second section focuses on anaerobic digestion of food and animal wastes, microbial diversity, molecular and biochemical aspects of methanogensis. Together these sections solidify Biofuels from Agricultural Wastes and Byproducts as a definitive source of information on the use of agricultural waste and by-products in biofuel production.

Renewable Energy from Bio resources in Malaysia

Renewable Energy from Bio resources in Malaysia
Author: Hafiza Shukor,Muaz Mohd Zaini Makhtar,Abu Zahrim Yaser
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2022-03-22
ISBN 10: 9811693145
ISBN 13: 9789811693144
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Energy from Bio resources in Malaysia Book Review:

This book highlights current efforts and research in Malaysia on conversion of bio-resources to renewable energy of biofuel as an alternative way of producing energy from fossil-based fuels. The book starts with the renewable energy developments and policies in Malaysia and discusses the main renewable resources available. It addresses the use of more environmentally friendly technologies which can lead to the reduction of pollution and thus sustaining the ecology for treatment of bio-resources. The book also presents new initiatives in bioenergy production with theories, applications, and challenges of biological processes of biofuel production such as bioethanol, biobutanol, biogas, microbial fuel cell (MFC), and biodiesel. It discusses the potential of renewable energy resources to meet the energy needs without damaging/affecting the environment.

Essentials in Fermentation Technology

Essentials in Fermentation Technology
Author: Aydin Berenjian
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2019-07-15
ISBN 10: 3030162303
ISBN 13: 9783030162306
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials in Fermentation Technology Book Review:

This textbook teaches the principles and applications of fermentation technology, bioreactors, bioprocess variables and their measurement, key product separation and purification techniques as well as bioprocess economics in an easy to understand way. The multidisciplinary science of fermentation applies scientific and engineering principles to living organisms or their useful components to produce products and services beneficial for our society. Successful exploitation of fermentation technology involves knowledge of microbiology and engineering. Thus the book serves as a must-have guide for undergraduates and graduate students interested in Biochemical Engineering and Microbial Biotechnology

Agro Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production

Agro Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production
Author: Gurpreet S. Dhillon,Surinder Kaur
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2016-08-25
ISBN 10: 012802612X
ISBN 13: 9780128026120
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agro Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production Book Review:

Agro-industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production: Apply and Exploit the Emerging and Valuable Use Options of Waste Biomass explores the current state-of-the-art bioprocesses in enzyme production using agro-industrial wastes with respect to their generation, current methods of disposal, the problems faced in terms of waste and regulation, and potential value-added protocols for these wastes. It surveys areas ripe for further inquiry as well as future trends in the field. Under each section, the individual chapters present up-to-date and in-depth information on bioprospecting of agro-industrial wastes to obtain enzymes of economic importance. This book covers research gaps, including valorization of fruit and vegetable by-product—a key contribution toward sustainability that makes the utmost use of agricultural produce while employing low-energy and cost-efficient bioprocesses. Written by experts in the field of enzyme technology, the book provides valuable information for academic researchers, graduate students, and industry scientists working in industrial-food microbiology, biotechnology, bioprocess technology, post-harvest technology, agriculture, waste management, and the food industry. Addresses key opportunities and challenges in the emerging field of enzyme technology, with an emphasis on energy and bio-based industrial applications Explores the current state of the art bioprocesses in enzyme production using fruit and vegetable wastes with respect to their generation, current methods of disposal, and problems faced in terms of waste and regulation Presents in-depth information on bioprospecting of fruit and vegetable to obtain enzymes of economic importance Delves into environmental concerns and economic considerations related to fruit and vegetable processing by-products

World List of Serials in Agricultural Biotechnology

World List of Serials in Agricultural Biotechnology
Author: Robert D. Warmbrodt,Diana Airozo
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 488
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D01022851C
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World List of Serials in Agricultural Biotechnology Book Review:

Bibliographies and Literature of Agriculture

Bibliographies and Literature of Agriculture
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1978
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015055037579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bibliographies and Literature of Agriculture Book Review:

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology
Author: Anoop Singh,Shaili Srivastava,Dheeraj Rathore,Deepak Pant
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2020-09-23
ISBN 10: 9811560218
ISBN 13: 9789811560217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology Book Review:

This book provides up-to-date information on the state of the art in applications of biotechnological and microbiological tools for protecting the environment. Written by leading international experts, it discusses potential applications of biotechnological and microbiological techniques in solid waste management, wastewater treatment, agriculture, energy and environmental health. This first volume of the book “Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology,” covers three main topics: Solid waste management, Agriculture utilization and Water treatment technology, exploring the latest developments from around the globe regarding applications of biotechnology and microbiology for converting wastes into valuable products and at the same time reducing the environmental pollution resulting from disposal. Wherever possible it also includes real-world examples. Further, it offers advice on which procedures should be followed to achieve satisfactory results, and provides insights that will promote the transition to the sustainable utilization of various waste products.