Biopolymer Science for Proteins and Peptides

Biopolymer Science for Proteins and Peptides
Author: Keiji Numata
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2021-08-27
ISBN 10: 0128205563
ISBN 13: 9780128205563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Science for Proteins and Peptides Book Review:

Biopolymer Science for Proteins and Peptides introduces all aspects of natural polymers based on structural proteins and peptides, presenting synthesis, structure, properties, proteins, materials design, and applications. The book begins by presenting the core concepts of polypeptide and protein materials, before discussing synthesis and structure in detail. The next part of the book describes physical properties, biological properties, and issues surrounding stability. Subsequent chapters offer in-depth coverage of both natural and structural protein sources, including collagen, silk, elastin, resilin, keratin, foot protein, and reflectin, and the materials that can be designed from them, such as films, fibers, textiles, microparticles, sponges and scaffolds, nanomaterials, blends, and composites. These materials are also analyzed against the available synthetic polymers. Finally, the text explores current applications and potential future developments. This is an essential resource for researchers and advanced students across a range of disciplines, including biopolymers, structural proteins, polymer science, materials science, biomaterials, biology, biotechnology, chemistry, engineering, and pharmaceutical science. In an industry setting, this is of great interest to scientists and R&D professionals working in industries with an interest in bio-based polymers for advanced applications. Explains how biopolymers from structural proteins and peptides can be developed into materials, such as films, fibers, textiles, microparticles, sponges and scaffolds, nanomaterials, blends, and polymer composites Provides the reader a solid understanding of the structure, synthesis, and properties Guides the reader from sources, including collagen, silk, elastin, resilin, keratin, and reflectin, to material design and cutting-edge applications

Modern Biopolymer Science

Modern Biopolymer Science
Author: Stefan Kasapis,Ian T. Norton,Johan B, Ubbink
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2009-07-21
ISBN 10: 9780080921143
ISBN 13: 0080921140
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Biopolymer Science Book Review:

Industrialists developing new food and pharmaceutical products face the challenge of innovation in an increasingly competitive market that must consider incredient cost, product added-value, expectations of a healthy life-style, improved sensory impact, controlled delivery of active compounds and last, but not lease, product stability. While much work has been done to explore, understand, and address these issues, a gap has emerged between recent advances in fundamental knowledge and its direct application to product situations with a growing need for scientific input. Modern Biopolymer Science matches science to application by first acknowledging the differing viewpoints between those working with low-solids and those working with high-solids, and then sharing the expertise of those two camps under a unified framework of materials science. * Real-world utilisation of fundamental science to achieve breakthroughs in product development * Includes a wide range of related aspects of low and high-solids systems for foods and pharmaceuticals * Covers more than bio-olymer science in foods by including biopolymer interactions with bioactive compounds, issues of importance in drug delivery and medicinal chemistry

Advances in Protein and Peptide Sciences

Advances in Protein and Peptide Sciences
Author: Ben M. Dunn
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 910
Release: 2013-10-30
ISBN 10: 160805487X
ISBN 13: 9781608054879
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Protein and Peptide Sciences Book Review:

Advances in Protein and Peptide Sciences is a book series focused on leading-edge research on the structure, physical properties, and functions of proteins and peptides. The series presents highly cited contributions first published in the journal Current Protein and Peptide Science. Authors of these contributions have updated their work with new experimental data and references following their initial research. Each volume highlights a number of important topics in current research in the field of protein and peptide chemistry and molecular biology, including membrane proteins and their interactions with ligands, computational methods, and proteins in disease and biotechnology.

Amino Acids Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry Protection Reactions Medicinal Chemistry Combinatorial Synthesis

Amino Acids  Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry  Protection Reactions  Medicinal Chemistry  Combinatorial Synthesis
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2011-06-03
ISBN 10: 3527641572
ISBN 13: 9783527641574
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Amino Acids Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry Protection Reactions Medicinal Chemistry Combinatorial Synthesis Book Review:

This is the fourth of five books in the Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Synthesis series. Closing a gap in the literature, this is the only series to cover this important topic in organic and biochemistry. Drawing upon the combined expertise of the international "who's who" in amino acid research, these volumes represent a real benchmark for amino acid chemistry, providing a comprehensive discussion of the occurrence, uses and applications of amino acids and, by extension, their polymeric forms, peptides and proteins. The practical value of each volume is heightened by the inclusion of experimental procedures. The 5 volumes cover the following topics: Volume 1: Origins and Synthesis of Amino Acids Volume 2: Modified Amino Acids, Organocatalysis and Enzymes Volume 3: Building Blocks, Catalysis and Coupling Chemistry Volume 4: Protection Reactions, Medicinal Chemistry, Combinatorial Synthesis Volume 5: Analysis and Function of Amino Acids and Peptides The fourth volume in this series is structured in three main sections. The first section is about protection reactions and amino acid based peptidomimetics. The second, and most extensive, part is devoted to the medicinal chemistry of amino acids. It includes, among others, the chemistry of alpha- and beta amino acids, peptide drugs, and advances in N- and O-glycopeptide synthesis. The final part deals with amino acids in combinatorial synthesis. Methods, such as phage display, library peptide synthesis, and computational design are described. Originally planned as a six volume series, Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry now completes with five volumes but remains comprehensive in both scope and coverage. Further information about the 5 Volume Set and purchasing details can be viewed here.

Progress in Biopolymer Research

Progress in Biopolymer Research
Author: Pablo C. Sánchez
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105124084703
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress in Biopolymer Research Book Review:

This book presents new and important research on biopolymers which are a special class of polymers produced by living organisms. Starch, proteins and peptides, DNA, and RNA are all examples of biopolymers, in which the monomer units, respectively, are sugars, amino acids, and nucleic acids.A major but defining difference between polymers and biopolymers can be found in their structures. Polymers, including biopolymers, are made of repetitive units called monomers. Biopolymers inherently have a well defined structure: The exact chemical composition and the sequence in which these units are arranged is called the primary structure. Many biopolymers spontaneously fold into characteristic compact shapes (see also "protein folding" as well as secondary structure and tertiary structure), which determine their biological functions and depend in a complicated way on their primary structures. Structural biology is the study of the structural properties of the biopolymers. In contrast most synthetic polymers have much simpler and more random (or statistic) structures.

Enzymatic Stabilization and Formation of Food Nano and Microstructures

Enzymatic Stabilization and Formation of Food Nano  and Microstructures
Author: Benjamin Zeeb
Publsiher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Total Pages: 223
Release: 2015-03-05
ISBN 10: 3832539220
ISBN 13: 9783832539221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enzymatic Stabilization and Formation of Food Nano and Microstructures Book Review:

Der Einsatz vernetzungsfähiger Enzyme wurde am Beispiel einer Laccase bzw. Transglutaminase zur Stabilisierung und Modifizierung neuer Verkapselungssysteme untersucht. Ziel der Studien war es insbesondere den Wirkmechanismus der vernetzenden Enzyme in komplexen Lebensmittelmatrizen zu klären. Im Fokus der Forschung stand die Wirkung der Oxidase Laccase auf eine Fischgelatine-Zuckerrübenpektin-stabilisierte Öl-in-Wasser-Emulsion. Die Ergebnisse belegen, dass ausschließlich Biopolymere, die an der unmittelbar zur kontinuierlichen Phase hin zugänglichen Grenzfläche der Öl-in-Wasser Emulsionen durch die Laccase vernetzt werden konnten. In konzentrierten Emulsionssystemen können vernetzende Enzyme neben der Katalyse kovalenter Bindungen innerhalb der Grenzflächenmembran auch Tropfen-Tropfen-Netzwerke induzieren. Die Ausbildung partikulärer Emulsionsgele hängt dabei wesentlich vom mittleren Abstand der Emulsionstropfen ab. Diese Dissertation hat gezeigt, dass vernetzende Enzyme wie Laccase oder Transglutaminase in der Lage sind, die Struktur und Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteldispersion zu modifizieren.

Molecular Interfacial Phenomena of Polymers and Biopolymers

Molecular Interfacial Phenomena of Polymers and Biopolymers
Author: P Chen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2005-07-22
ISBN 10: 1845690834
ISBN 13: 9781845690830
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Interfacial Phenomena of Polymers and Biopolymers Book Review:

One of the most exciting areas of polymer research is the study of interfacial phenomena and their practical applications. This major work reviews the key research in this important area and is used in such areas as biomaterials. Part one looks at the thermodynamics, kinetics and other fundamental properties of polymer surfaces and interfaces. The second part of the book reviews ways of characterising and manipulating interfacial phenomena. It includes examples of practical applications such as vaccine delivery, tissue engineering and the development of therapeutic lung surfactants. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Molecular interfacial phenomena of polymers and biopolymers is a standard work on understanding polymeric interfacial properties and their medical and other practical applications. Reviews key research in this hot area including biomaterials Examines polymeric interfacial properties and reviews medical and other practical applications Edited by a leading authority with contributions from distinguished experts worldwide

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials
Author: Munmaya Mishra
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1800
Release: 2017-08-16
ISBN 10: 1351653032
ISBN 13: 9781351653039
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Book Review:

The Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials presents new and selected content from the 11-volume Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Encyclopedia. The carefully culled content includes groundbreaking work from the earlier published work as well as exclusive online material added since its publication in print. A diverse and global team of renowned scientists provide cutting edge information concerning polymers and polymeric biomaterials. Acknowledging the evolving nature of the field, the encyclopedia also features newly added content in areas such as tissue engineering, tissue repair and reconstruction, and biomimetic materials.

Biopolymer Grafting Synthesis and Properties

Biopolymer Grafting  Synthesis and Properties
Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 594
Release: 2017-09-27
ISBN 10: 0128104619
ISBN 13: 9780128104613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Grafting Synthesis and Properties Book Review:

Biopolymer Grafting: Synthesis and Properties presents the latest research and developments in fundamental of synthesis and properties of biopolymer-based graft copolymers. The book presents a broad overview of the biopolymer grafting process, along with trends in the field. It also introduces a range of grafting methods which lead to materials with enhanced properties for a range of practical applications, along with the positives and limitations of these techniques. The book bridges the knowledge gap between the scientific principles and industrial applications of polymer grafting. This book covers synthesis and characterization of graft-copolymers of plant polysaccharides, functional separation membranes from grafted biopolymers, and polysaccharides in alternative methods for insulin delivery. Recent trends and advances in this area are discussed, assisting materials scientists and researchers in mapping out the future of these new "green" materials through value addition to enhance their use. Introduces polymer researchers to a promising, rapidly developing method for modifying naturally derived biopolymers Provides a one-stop shop covering synthesis, properties, characterization and graft copolymerization of bio-based polymeric materials Increases familiarity with a range of biopolymer grafting processes, enabling materials scientists and engineers to improve material properties and widen the range of potential biopolymer applications

Isolation and Purification of Proteins

Isolation and Purification of Proteins
Author: Rajni Hatti-Kaul,Bo Mattiasson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 676
Release: 2003-02-05
ISBN 10: 9780203911686
ISBN 13: 0203911687
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Isolation and Purification of Proteins Book Review:

This publication details the isolation of proteins from biological materials, techniques for solid-liquid separation, concentration, crystallization, chromatography, scale-up, process monitoring, product formulation, and regulatory and commercial considerations in protein production. The authors discuss the release of protein from a biological host, selectivity in affinity chromatography, precipitation of proteins (both non-specific and specific), extraction for rapid protein isolation, adsorption as an initial step for the capture of proteins, scale-up and commercial production of recombinant proteins, and process monitoring in downstream processing.

Biopolymer Based Formulations

Biopolymer Based Formulations
Author: Kunal Pal,Indranil Banerjee,Preetam Sarkar,Doman Kim,Win-Peng Deng,Navneet Kumar Dubey,Kaustav Majumder
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 966
Release: 2020-01-18
ISBN 10: 0128168986
ISBN 13: 9780128168981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Based Formulations Book Review:

Biopolymer-Based Formulations: Biomedical and Food Applications presents the latest advances in the synthesis and characterization of advanced biopolymeric formulations and their state-of-the-art applications across biomedicine and food science. Sections cover the fundamentals, applications, future trends, environmental, ethical and medical considerations, and biopolymeric architectures that are organized in nano, micro and macro scales. The final section of the book focuses on novel applications and recent developments. This book is an essential resource for researchers, scientists and advanced students in biopolymer science, polymer science, polymer chemistry, polymer composites, plastics engineering, biomaterials, materials science, biomedical engineering, and more. It will also be of interest to R&D professionals, scientists and engineers across the plastics, food, biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Provides in-depth coverage of methods for the characterization of the physical properties of biopolymeric architectures Supports a range of novel applications, including scaffolds, implant coatings, drug delivery, and nutraceutical encapsulation systems Includes the use of experimental data and mathematical modeling, thus enabling the reader to analyze and compare the properties of different polymeric gels

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics
Author: Sina Ebnesajjad
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN 10: 1455730033
ISBN 13: 9781455730032
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics Book Review:

Biopolymers and Biodegradable Plastics are a hot issue across the Plastics industry, and for many of the industry sectors that use plastic, from packaging to medical devices and from the construction indusry to the automotive sector. This book brings together a number of key biopolymer and biodegradable plastics topics in one place for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics, or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. Topics covered include preparation, fabrication, applications and recycling (including biodegradability and compostability). Applications in key areas such as films, coatings controlled release and tissue engineering are discussed. Dr Ebnesajjad provides readers with an in-depth reference for the plastics industry – material suppliers and processors, bio-polymer producers, bio-polymer processors and fabricators – and for industry sectors utilizing biopolymers – automotive, packaging, construction, wind turbine manufacturers, film manufacturers, adhesive and coating industries, medical device manufacturers, biomedical engineers, and the recycling industry. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with bioplastics, or evaluating a migration to bioplastics. Includes key published material on biopolymers, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material including coverage of PLA and Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design decisions.

Handbook of Biopolymer Based Materials

Handbook of Biopolymer Based Materials
Author: Sabu Thomas,Dominique Durand,Christophe Chassenieux,P. Jyotishkumar
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 988
Release: 2013-04-16
ISBN 10: 3527652477
ISBN 13: 9783527652471
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biopolymer Based Materials Book Review:

This first systematic scientific reference in the area of micro- and nanostructured biopolymer systems discusses in two volumes the morphology, structure, dynamics, properties and applications of all important biopolymers, as well as their blends, composites, interpenetrating networks and gels. Selected leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions around the globe comprehensively review recent accomplishments in the field. They examine the current state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities, discussing all the synthetic routes to the generation of both micro- and nano-morphologies, as well as the synthesis, characterization and application of porous biopolymers. An outstanding resource for anyone involved in the fi eld of eco-friendly biomaterials for advanced technologies.

Biopolymer Research Trends

Biopolymer Research Trends
Author: Tamás S. Németh
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9781600219832
ISBN 13: 1600219837
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Research Trends Book Review:

Biopolymers are a special class of polymers produced by living organisms. Starch, proteins and peptides, DNA, and RNA are all examples of biopolymers, in which the monomer units, respectively, are sugars, amino acids, and nucleic acids.A major but defining difference between polymers and biopolymers can be found in their structures. Polymers, including biopolymers, are made of repetitive units called monomers. Biopolymers inherently have a well defined structure: The exact chemical composition and the sequence in which these units are arranged is called the primary structure. Many biopolymers spontaneously fold into characteristic compact shapes (see also "protein folding" as well as secondary structure and tertiary structure), which determine their biological functions and depend in a complicated way on their primary structures. Structural biology is the study of the structural properties of the biopolymers. In contrast most synthetic polymers have much simpler and more random (or statistic) structures. This book presents leading-edge research from around the world in this dynamic field.

Food biopolymers Structural functional and nutraceutical properties

Food biopolymers  Structural  functional and nutraceutical properties
Author: Adil Gani,Bilal Ahmad Ashwar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 441
Release: 2021-02-11
ISBN 10: 3030270610
ISBN 13: 9783030270612
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Food biopolymers Structural functional and nutraceutical properties Book Review:

Food biopolymers: Structural, functional and nutraceutical properties provides valuable coverage of all major food biopolymers from plant, animal and marine sources. The text focuses on the structural characteristics of biopolymers including starch, non-starch polysaccharides, proteins and fats. A full section is dedicated to the nutraceutical potential and applications of these polymers. Further sections provide comprehensive overviews of the development of functional food products and important data on biopolymer behavior and nutraceutical potential during processing. Researchers hoping to gain a basic understanding of the techno-functional, nutraceutical potential and applications of food biopolymers will find a singular source with this text. The first section of this work focuses on the the structure, functions, bioactivity and applications of starches. The next chapters cover non-starch polysaccharides. Further sections are dedicated to proteins, lipids and oils. A detailed overview is provided for each, followed by application procedures, specifics on individual types, proteins and enzymes, and nutraceutical properties. This work can be used as a singular source for all relevant information on food biopolymers and their structural and functional properties, including their potential to increase food quality, improve shelf life, and reduce pollution and waste in the food industry.

Physical Gels from Biological and Synthetic Polymers

Physical Gels from Biological and Synthetic Polymers
Author: Madeleine Djabourov,Katsuyoshi Nishinari,Simon B. Ross-Murphy
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-05-16
ISBN 10: 1107067081
ISBN 13: 9781107067080
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Gels from Biological and Synthetic Polymers Book Review:

Presenting a unique perspective on state-of-the-art physical gels, this interdisciplinary guide provides a complete, critical analysis of the field and highlights recent developments. It shows the interconnections between the key aspects of gels, from molecules and structure through to rheological and functional properties, with each chapter focusing on a different class of gel. There is also a final chapter covering innovative systems and applications, providing the information needed to understand current and future practical applications of gels in the pharmaceutical, agricultural, cosmetic, chemical and food industries. Many research teams are involved in the field of gels, including theoreticians, experimentalists and chemical engineers, but this interdisciplinary book collates and rationalises the many different points of view to provide a clear understanding of these complex systems for researchers and graduate students.

Proteins

Proteins
Author: Robert A. Meyers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1175
Release: 2006-12-25
ISBN 10: 9783527316083
ISBN 13: 3527316086
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proteins Book Review:

With three Nobel Laureates contributing to this invaluable collection of high-quality articles, carefully selected from the highly praised R.A. Meyer's Encyclopedia, these two volumes cover a wide range of topics in protein research. Clearly divided into sections on structure, modeling, expression, analysis and others, the chapters are designed to aid readers of all levels of expertise: Each chapter includes a glossary of the most important keywords, a concise summary of the article concerned and comprehensive references for further reading. Similarly, the uniform structure of the articles makes them very easy to use, resulting in a ready reference for molecular and cell biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, and biotechnologists, as well as those working in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries.

Research Grants Index

Research Grants Index
Author: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Division of Research Grants
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: IND:30000090352893
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Grants Index Book Review:

Therapeutic Peptides and Proteins

Therapeutic Peptides and Proteins
Author: Ajay K. Banga
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 317
Release: 1997-07-01
ISBN 10: 9781566763295
ISBN 13: 1566763290
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Therapeutic Peptides and Proteins Book Review:

From the Preface At the time of this writing, the American biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry has more than two dozen biotechnology-derived therapeutic proteins on the market, while several hundred are in various stages of human clinical trials or at the FDA for review. Today, more than a thousand companies are involved in biotechnology research, with a total revenue of $7.7 billion for 1993. Therapeutic peptides and proteins are expected to mitigate suffering in coming years as anticancer agents, hormones, growth factors, analgesics, anti-hypertensives, and thrombolytics, among others. However, the clinical application of these therapeutic peptides and proteins is limited by several problems, such as lack of physical and chemical stability or the lack of desirable attributes for adequate absorption or distribution. Thus, as these therapeutic peptides and proteins are made available, it will be essential to formulate these drugs into safe, stable and efficacious delivery systems. The pharmaceutical scientist involved in this effort needs to call upon the knowledge of several disciplines, such as pharmaceutics, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, and microbiology, and needs to keep abreast with the latest research in the published literature. This book presents these principles in a simple, interesting and practically useful manner for the benefit of scientists working in this area and to further research in this area. This book will also provide useful information for students and academic researchers and add to their interest in this area. The book should also be useful in a hospital setting to understand potential physicochemical stability problems that may result during reconstitution or administration of the new recombinant proteins. Since this field is relatively new and rapidly evolving, efforts were made to include very recent literature in the book. As a result, over 40% of the literature citations in the book are for the work published in the last two years.

Research Methodology in Food Sciences

Research Methodology in Food Sciences
Author: C. O. Mohan,Elizabeth Carvajal-Millan,C. N. Ravishankar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2018-06-26
ISBN 10: 1351627457
ISBN 13: 9781351627450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Methodology in Food Sciences Book Review:

Here is a rich resource on recent research innovations in the field of food processing and food engineering. Chapters are written by eminent researchers in the field of food science and provide in-depth knowledge on the application of engineering aspects in food processing, food packaging, food quality, and food safety. The book looks at the latest nanotechnology aspects for the detection of foodborne pathogens to ensure safety with respect to these pathogens. It provides detailed kinetics of quality and safety aspects of food and goes on to discuss the characteristics of edible films prepared from plasticized guar gum. Other topics include the production of novel biomolecules and their characterization, the microstructural properties of arabionoxylan aerogels, the antioxidant activity of oats harvested from draught areas, the effect of quercetin isolated from Enicostemma littorale against cancer targets, the latest trends in production of ethanol and fructo-oligosachharides, and much more.