Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications
Author: Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 498
Release: 2021-03-05
ISBN 10: 0128221232
ISBN 13: 9780128221235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications Book Review:

Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 1 reviews key polymers found in nature, their characterization and modification, and processes for using them in the development of metal nanoparticles. Beginning with an introduction to both green chemistry and biopolymers in Part 1, the book goes on to outline the classification of biopolymers in Part 2, with specific details on polysaccharides, proteins and polypeptides, lignin, and polylactic acid. Properties of biopolymers, including biodegradability and toxicity, are the focus of Part 3, before Part 4 goes on to discuss synthesis and characterization. Reviews novel sources of polymers with high potential as green media for synthesizing nanostructures Provides technological details on the synthesis of natural polymer-based metal nanoparticles Highlights the use of natural polymer supports and the impact of their properties on stability, morphology and scale of nanostructures

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications
Author: Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 724
Release: 2021-03-05
ISBN 10: 0323898912
ISBN 13: 9780323898911
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications Book Review:

Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 2 reviews key uses of biopolymers and biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for a range of key sustainability-focused applications. After providing contextual examples of applications across the fields of food science, biomedicine and biochemistry, the book goes on to explore further sustainability-focused applications of Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticles in such important areas as catalysis, environmental science, biosensing, and energy. Provides an overview of biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for a wide range of applications Provides technological details on the synthesis of natural polymer-based metal nanoparticles Explores the role of biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for more sustainable catalytic processes

Innovation in Nano polysaccharides for Eco sustainability

Innovation in Nano polysaccharides for Eco sustainability
Author: Preeti Singh,Kaiser Manzoor,Saiqa Ikram,Pratheep Kumar Annamalai
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2021-10-15
ISBN 10: 0128234458
ISBN 13: 9780128234457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovation in Nano polysaccharides for Eco sustainability Book Review:

Innovation in Nano-polysaccharides for Eco-sustainability: From Science to Industrial Applications presents fundamentals, advanced preparation methods, and novel applications for polysaccharide-based nanomaterials. Sections cover the fundamental aspects of polysaccharides and nano-polysaccharides, including their structure and properties, surface modification, processing and characterization. Key considerations are explained in detail, including the connection between the substituents of polysaccharides and their resulting physical properties, renewable resources, their sustainable utilization, and specific high value applications, such as pharmaceuticals, photocatalysts, energy, and wastewater treatment, and more. This is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists, and advanced students across bio-based polymers, nanomaterials, polymer chemistry, sustainable materials, biology, materials science and engineering, and chemical engineering. In industry, this book will support scientists, R&D, and engineers looking to utilize bio-based materials in advanced industrial applications. Covers the fundamentals, mechanisms, preparation methods, unique properties and performance of nano-polysaccharide materials Explores sustainable applications of nano-polysaccharides in areas such as pharmaceuticals, energy and wastewater treatment Addresses key challenges, including the implementation of sustainable concepts in chemical design and paths to scalability and commercialization

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites
Author: Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1440
Release: 2019-02-01
ISBN 10: 3030053997
ISBN 13: 9783030053994
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites Book Review:

This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.

Sustainable Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles

Sustainable Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles
Author: Rafael Luque,Rajender S Varma
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2012-11-13
ISBN 10: 1849735468
ISBN 13: 9781849735469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles Book Review:

This timely publication bridges and presents the latest trends and updates in three hot topics of current and future society: nanomaterials, energy and environment. It provides the state-of-the-art as well as current challenges and advances in the sustainable preparation of metal nanoparticles and their applications. The book fills a critical gap in a multidisciplinary area of high economic, social and environmental importance. Currently, there are no books published that deal with these ever increasing important topics, as most books in this area focus on a particular topic (eg. nanomaterials or catalysis or energy or environment). This is the first multidisciplinary edited book covering the very basics to the more advanced, trendy developments, containing a unique blend of nano, green, renewable and bio.

Dynamics of Advanced Sustainable Nanomaterials and Their Related Nanocomposites at the Bio Nano Interface

Dynamics of Advanced Sustainable Nanomaterials and Their Related Nanocomposites at the Bio Nano Interface
Author: Niranjan Karak
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2019-07-30
ISBN 10: 0128191430
ISBN 13: 9780128191439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics of Advanced Sustainable Nanomaterials and Their Related Nanocomposites at the Bio Nano Interface Book Review:

Dynamics of Advanced Sustainable Nanomaterials and Their Related Nanocomposites at the Bio-Nano Interface highlights the most recent research findings (conducted over the last 5-6 years) on the dynamics of nanomaterials, including their multifaceted, advanced applications as sustainable materials. In addition, special attributes of these materials are discussed from a mechanistic and application point-of-view, including their sustainability and interfacial interactions at the bio-nano interface and different applications. This book presents an important reference resource on advanced sustainable nanomaterials for chemical, nano-, and materials technologists who are looking to learn more about advanced nanocomposites with sustainable attributes. Finally, the book examines the emerging market for sustainable materials and their advanced applications, with a particular focus on the bio-nano interface and their future outlook. Features detailed information on the fundamentals of bio-nano interfacial interactions in sustainable nanomaterials Includes advanced applications of these materials that will help the end user select the appropriate materials for their desired application Features extensive information on the dynamics of these materials, helping the end user extend their work into new applications

Cognitive Data Models for Sustainable Environment

Cognitive Data Models for Sustainable Environment
Author: Siddhartha Bhattacharyya,Naba Kumar Mondal,Koushik Mondal,Jyoti Prakash Singh,Kolla Bhanu Prakash
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2021-09-19
ISBN 10: 0128240393
ISBN 13: 9780128240397
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Data Models for Sustainable Environment Book Review:

Cognitive Models for Sustainable Environment reviews the fundamental concepts of gathering, processing and analyzing data from batch processes, along with a review of intelligent and cognitive tools that can be used. The book is centered on evolving novel intelligent/cognitive models and algorithms to develop sustainable solutions for the mitigation of environmental pollution. It unveils intelligent and cognitive models to address issues related to the effective monitoring of environmental pollution and sustainable environmental design. As such, the book focuses on the overall well-being of the global environment for better sustenance and livelihood. The book covers novel cognitive models for effective environmental pollution data management at par with the standards laid down by the World Health Organization. Every chapter is supported by real-life case studies, illustrative examples and video demonstrations that enlighten readers. Explores the development and application of science, engineering and technology in achieving a sustainable lifestyle for humanity Provides tools, connections and proactive solutions to take sustainability programs to the next level Offers perspectives for design, development and commissioning of intelligent applications Provides reviews on the latest intelligent technologies and algorithms related to state-of-the-art methodologies of monitoring and mitigation of environmental pollution

Sustainable Synthesis of Pharmaceuticals

Sustainable Synthesis of Pharmaceuticals
Author: Mariette M. Pereira,Mario J. F. Calvete
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2018-03-26
ISBN 10: 1788010655
ISBN 13: 9781788010658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Synthesis of Pharmaceuticals Book Review:

There is a growing interest in the development of sustainable processes for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and this book bridges the divide between industrial examples and the fundamental chemistry. It explains the basic principles of using transition metal catalysis with several green approaches for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals. The topic is an important one for green chemistry and the chapters in this book on hydroformylation, green oxidation and olefin metathesis will also be of interest to both medicinal and organic chemists. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides a valuable and easy tool for scientists and industrialists who require information regarding this topic.

Sustainable Solvents

Sustainable Solvents
Author: James H Clark,Andrew Hunt,Corrado Topi,Giulia Paggiola,James Sherwood
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2017-05-11
ISBN 10: 1782623353
ISBN 13: 9781782623359
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Solvents Book Review:

Exploring the solvent life cycle, this book provides a critical assessment on emerging solvents for academics and industrialists working with solvents, as well as policy-makers.

Sustainable Catalysis

Sustainable Catalysis
Author: Michael North
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2015-11-16
ISBN 10: 1782626425
ISBN 13: 9781782626428
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Catalysis Book Review:

Catalysis is a fundamentally sustainable process which can be used to produce a wide range of chemicals and their intermediates. Focussing on those catalytic processes which offer the most sustainability, this two-part book explores recent developments in this field, as well as examining future challenges. Focussing on catalysis through non-endangered metals, chapters are dedicated to the most important sustainable metals in catalysis: titanium, iron and aluminium. Remaining chapters examine several other important metals. Green aspects of the various reactions are also discussed, such as atom economy and use of green solvents and other reaction conditions. Together with “Sustainable Catalysis: Without Metals or Other Endangered Elements”, these books examine the progress in sustainable catalysis in all areas of chemistry, and are an important reference for researchers working in catalysis and green chemistry.

Transition Metal Catalysis in Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation

Transition Metal Catalysis in Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation
Author: Francesca Cardona,Camilla Parmeggiani
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2014-10-21
ISBN 10: 1782621652
ISBN 13: 9781782621652
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transition Metal Catalysis in Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation Book Review:

The oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols to the corresponding carbonyl compounds is of fundamental importance in organic synthesis, due to the wide use of these products as precursors and intermediates for many drugs, vitamins and fragrances. However, traditional oxidants are often toxic and release considerable amounts of by-products. As an alternative, oxygen is among the cheaper and less polluting stoichiometric oxidants, and the implementation of a transition metal-based catalyst in combination with oxygen represents an emerging alternative to the traditional procedures. This book aims to give an overview of the aerobic oxidation of alcohols catalyzed by transition metals, and covers the most important advances in the last fifteen years. Following an introductory chapter on homogeneous-, heterogeneous- and nano-catalysis, use of copper, ruthenium, palladium, gold, vanadium and iron are discussed in turn. The book concludes with a useful overview that includes representative experimental procedures. This book will provide a valuable reference to organic chemists and green chemists in academia and industry.

Green Nanomaterials

Green Nanomaterials
Author: Shakeel Ahmed,Wazed Ali
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2020-03-16
ISBN 10: 9811535604
ISBN 13: 9789811535604
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Nanomaterials Book Review:

This book comprises a collection of chapters on advances in green nanomaterials. The book looks at ways to establish long‐term safe and sustainable forms of nanotechnology through implementation of nanoparticle biosynthesis with minimum impact on the ecosystem. The book looks at synthesis, processing, and applications of metal and metal oxide nanomaterials and also at bio-nanomaterials. The contents of this book will prove useful for researchers and professionals working in the field of nanomaterials and green technology.

Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing 2nd Edition

Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing 2nd Edition
Author: Andrew Proctor
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2018-01-17
ISBN 10: 1782625186
ISBN 13: 9781782625186
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing 2nd Edition Book Review:

Traditional thermal and freezing processing techniques have been effective in maintaining a safe high quality food supply. However, increasing energy costs and the desire to purchase environmentally responsible products have been a stimulus for the development of alternative technologies. Furthermore, some products can undergo quality loss at high temperatures or freezing, which can be avoided by many alternative processing methods. This second edition of Alternatives to Conventional Food Processing provides a review of the current major technologies that reduce energy cost and reduce environmental impact while maintaining food safety and quality. New technologies have been added and relevant legal issues have been updated. Each major technology available to the food industry is discussed by leading international experts who outline the main principles and applications of each. The degree to which they are already in commercial use and developments needed to extend their use further are addressed. This updated reference will be of interest to academic and industrial scientists and engineers across disciplines in the global food industry and in research, and to those needing information in greener or more sustainable technologies.

High Pressure Technologies in Biomass Conversion

High Pressure Technologies in Biomass Conversion
Author: Rafał M. Łukasik
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2017-03-14
ISBN 10: 1788011295
ISBN 13: 9781788011297
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Pressure Technologies in Biomass Conversion Book Review:

In recent years carbon dioxide has played an increasingly important role in biomass processing. This book presents the state-of-the-art of a range of diverse approaches for the use of carbon dioxide in biomass valorisation. The book explores cutting-edge research and important advances in green high-pressure technologies. It gives an overview of the most relevant and promising applications of high-pressure CO2-based technologies in biomass processing from the perspective of the biorefinery concept. Demonstrating the interdisciplinary aspects of high-pressure technologies from biology, chemistry and biochemical engineering areas, this book brings researchers and industrialists up to date with the latest advances in this field, including novel technologies for energy; biochemicals and materials production; and green chemical engineering processes.

Transportation Biofuels

Transportation Biofuels
Author: Alwin Hoogendoorn,Han van Kasteren
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2020-04-14
ISBN 10: 1788015045
ISBN 13: 9781788015042
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation Biofuels Book Review:

The transportation industry is still largely reliant on fossil fuels, whose use and extraction have significant environmental costs. Biofuels produced from renewable resources biomass offer a more sustainable alternative. However, it is important that production methods should be energy efficient and that feedstocks should not compete with food sources. Biofuels that meet these criteria are sometimes referred to as second-generation biofuels. The new edition of this book provides updates on the three previously discussed non-conventional pathways for second-generation biofuels, including new experimental results and pilot plant studies. It also includes a completely new chapter looking at developments in combining renewable electricity with fuel production and possible future directions for the transportation industry. It is a useful read for researchers and industrialists working in biofuel development as well as postgraduate students studying fuel alternatives.

Recent Advances in Biopolymers

Recent Advances in Biopolymers
Author: Farzana Khan Perveen
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2016-03-09
ISBN 10: 953512255X
ISBN 13: 9789535122555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Biopolymers Book Review:

This book contains 10 Chapters divided into three Sections. Section A covers synthesis of biopolymers. Lignocellulosic feedstock contains cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, which are used for synthesis of biopolymers. Polymer-coated noble metal nanoparticles are used in nanobiomedicine and fundamental biomaterials. Section B describes applications of biopolymers in biomedical, antimicrobial, industrial, nanotechnology, laser-based thin films, and regenerative medicines. Section C is dedicated for advancement and engineering in biopolymers for personal protective garments, equipments, membrane separation processes, purifications, and new generation of high-performance biomaterials. A new numerical-cum-graphical method called TI2BioP (Topological Indices to BioPolymers) has been developed to estimate topological indices (TIs) from two-dimensional (2D) graphical approaches for the natural biopolymers DNA, RNA, and proteins.

Renewable Resources for Biorefineries

Renewable Resources for Biorefineries
Author: Carol Lin,Rafael Luque
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2014-08-11
ISBN 10: 1782620184
ISBN 13: 9781782620181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Resources for Biorefineries Book Review:

With the increasing awareness and concern about the dependency on fossil resources and the depletion of crude oil reserves, experts from industrial biotechnology, renewable resources, green chemistry, and biorefineries are stimulating the transition from the fossil-based to the bio-based economy. This text confronts scientific and economic challenges and strategies for making this crucial transition. Renewable Resources for Biorefineries is the work of a strongly interdisciplinary authorship, offering perspectives from biology, chemistry, biochemical engineering, materials science, and industry. This unique approach provides an opportunity for a much broader coverage of biomass and valorisation than has been attempted in previous titles. This book also represents the fundamentally important technical and policy aspects of a bio-based economy, to ground this important science in a realistic and viable economic framework. Chapters in this book cover a diverse range of topics, including: advanced generation bioenergy sectors; biobased polymers and materials; chemical platform molecules; industrial crops and biorefineries; financing and policy for change; and valorisation of biomass waste streams. This is an ideal book for upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students taking modules on Renewable resources, green chemistry, sustainable development, environmental science, agricultural science and environmental technology. It will also benefit industry professionals and product developers who are looking to improve economic and environmental ways to utilise renewable resources in current and future biorefineries.

Green Materials for Sustainable Water Remediation and Treatment

Green Materials for Sustainable Water Remediation and Treatment
Author: Anuradha Mishra,James H. Clark,George A. Kraus,Peter R. Seidl,Andrzej Stankiewicz,Yuan Kou
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 259
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1849736219
ISBN 13: 9781849736213
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Materials for Sustainable Water Remediation and Treatment Book Review:

Inadequate access to clean water afflicts people throughout the world, and in developing countries any solution to this challenge must be achieved at a low cost and low energy demand. At the same time, the use of chemicals, and subsequent environmental impact must also be reduced. Green and sustainable water remediation is a rapidly growing field of interest to governments and corporations alike, with considerable input from academics, environmental consultants and public interest groups. This book presents a focused set of articles covering a range of topics in the field, examining not only the adoption of natural products for water remediation, but also the synthesis of new materials and emerging clean technologies. Contributors from across the globe (including some "on the ground" in the developing world) present a comprehensive digest in the form of review-style articles highlighting the current thinking and direction in the field. Interested stakeholders from all sectors will find this book invaluable, and postgraduate students of chemical engineering or environmental science will benefit from the real-world applications presented.

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers
Author: Debora Puglia,Carlo Santulli,Fabrizio Sarasini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2021-10-26
ISBN 10: 0128237031
ISBN 13: 9780128237038
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers Book Review:

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers: Interactions, Properties, and Applications presents the very latest research on lignin biorefinery treatments, production, chemistry, and refining, exploring a range of innovative applications of lignin and lignin-based composites at both the micro and the nanoscale. The book begins by presenting the latest developments in extraction methods and properties, with topics including methods for value-added microlignin, color characteristics, refining and functionalization, depolymerization for phenolic monomer production, and production of sulphur-free lignin nanoparticles. This is followed by in-depth sections focusing on the preparation of lignin for advanced applications at the microscale, then at the nanoscale, covering a range of areas such as construction, fiber manufacturing, food packaging, biomedicine, wood preservation, wastewater treatment, and agriculture. This valuable resource enables the reader to identify the high added value of a biomass residue and supports possible development and use for mass and niche high impact application sectors. This information is of interest to researchers, scientists, and advanced students, across bio-based polymers and bio-composites, polymer science and engineering, nanomaterials, chemistry, sustainable materials, materials science, and chemical engineering. Moreover, it is also addressed to the professionals that as well as those in an R&D industrial setting to are looking on ideas and perspectives on how to utilize bio-based materials in advanced industrial applications. Provides detailed information on extraction methods, properties, refining and functionalization processes Guides the reader through the preparation of lignin both at the micro and nanoscale, as a filler, a matrix, and in all-lignin composites Takes a design-for-application approach, opening the door to high value applications across a range of sectors

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics
Author: Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,John-John Cabibihan,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Mariam Ali S A Al-Maadeed,Jaehwan Kim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-09-10
ISBN 10: 0081009747
ISBN 13: 9780081009741
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics Book Review:

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics examines the current state-of-the-art in the electronic application based on biopolymer composites. Covering the synthesis, dispersion of fillers, characterization and fabrication of the composite materials, the book will help materials scientists and engineers address the challenges posed by the increased use of biopolymeric materials in electronic applications. The influence of preparation techniques on the generation of micro, meso, and nanoscale fillers, and the effect of filler size and dispersion on various biopolymers are discussed in detail. Applications covered include sensors, actuators, optics, fuel cells, photovoltaics, dielectrics, electromagnetic shielding, piezoelectrics, flexible displays, and microwave absorbers. In addition, characterization techniques are discussed and compared, enabling scientists and engineers to make the correct choice of technique. This book is a ‘one-stop’ reference for researchers, covering the entire state-of-the-art in biopolymer electronics. Written by a collection of expert worldwide contributors from industry, academia, government, and private research institutions, it is an outstanding reference for researchers in the field of biopolymer composites for advanced technologies. Enables researchers to keep up with the rapid development of biopolymer electronics, which offer light, flexible, and more cost-effective alternatives to conventional materials of solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and transistors Includes thorough coverage of the physics and chemistry behind biopolymer composites, helping readers to become rapidly acquainted with the fiel Provides in-depth information on the range of biopolymer applications in electronics, from printed flexible conductors and novel semiconductor components, to intelligent labels, large area displays, and solar panels