Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish

Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish
Author: Bernardo Baldisserotto,Elisabeth Urbinati,Jose Cyrino
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2019-11-09
ISBN 10: 0128158735
ISBN 13: 9780128158739
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish Book Review:

Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish is the all-inclusive guide to fish species prevalent in the neotropical realm. It provides the most updated systematics, classification, anatomical, behavioral, genetic, and functioning systems information on freshwater neotropical fish species. This book begins by analyzing the differences in phylogeny, anatomy, and behaviour of neotropical fish. Systems such as cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, digestive, reproductive, muscular, and endocrine are described in detail. This book also looks at the effects of stress on fish immune systems, and how color and pigmentation play into physiology and species differentiation. Biology and Physiology of Freshwater Neotropical Fish is a must-have for fish biologists and zoologists. Students in zoology, ichthyology, and fish farming will also find this book useful for its coverage of some of the world’s rarest and least-known fish species. Features chapters written by top neotropical fish researchers and specialists Discusses environmental effects on neotropical fishes, including climate change and pollution Details the phylogenetic occurrence of electroreceptors and electric organs in fish

Biology of Fishes

Biology of Fishes
Author: Quentin Bone,Richard Moore
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2008-03-19
ISBN 10: 1134186312
ISBN 13: 9781134186310
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology of Fishes Book Review:

The VitalBook e-book version of Biology of Fishes is only available only in the US and Canada at the present time. To purchase or rent please visit http://store.vitalsource.com/show/978-1-1341-8631-0. The Third Edition of Biology of Fishes is chiefly about fish as remarkably efficient machines for coping with the many problems that life in wat

Fish Physiology The Physiology of Tropical Fishes

Fish Physiology  The Physiology of Tropical Fishes
Author: Adalberto Luis Val,Vera Maria Fonseca de Almeida e Val,David J. Randall
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2005-08-18
ISBN 10: 9780080454276
ISBN 13: 0080454275
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fish Physiology The Physiology of Tropical Fishes Book Review:

The Physiology of Tropical Fishes is the 21st volume of the well-known Fish Physiology series and consists of 12 chapters. The purpose of the book is to consolidate and integrate what is known about tropical fishes (marine and freshwater species). The twelve chapters focus on the physiological adaptations acquired during the evolutionary process to cope with warm and shallow hypoxic waters from tropical and neotropical hydrographic basins as well as with the intertidal and coral reef habitats which occur in abundance in tropical seas. The special characteristics of tropical fish fauna will be issued in order to explain the tropical fish radiation, which gave rise to such extreme fish diversity. This present volume, is a voyage through the tropical region reviewing the fish diversity of the main tropical freshwater sheds, including the major tropical rivers and lakes, the major dams, and marine environments. State-of-the-art information on tropical fish physiology Written by specialists working in the Tropics Offers a diverse depiction of the various tropical fishes and the environment where they inhabit 12 innovative chapters covering a concise view of growth rate, biological rhythms, feeding plasticity, cardio-respiratory design and function, diversity of structure, and much more

Extremophile Fishes

Extremophile Fishes
Author: Rüdiger Riesch,Michael Tobler,Martin Plath
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2015-01-24
ISBN 10: 3319133624
ISBN 13: 9783319133621
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extremophile Fishes Book Review:

This book summarizes the key adaptations enabling extremophile fishes to survive under harsh environmental conditions. It reviews the most recent research on acidic, Antarctic, cave, desert, hypersaline, hypoxic, temporary, and fast-flowing habitats, as well as naturally and anthropogenically toxic waters, while pointing out generalities that are evident across different study systems. Knowledge of the different adaptations that allow fish to cope with stressful environmental conditions furthers our understanding of basic physiological, ecological, and evolutionary principles. In several cases, evidence is provided for how the adaptation to extreme environments promotes the emergence of new species. Furthermore, a link is made to conservation biology, and how human activities have exacerbated existing extreme environments and created new ones. The book concludes with a discussion of major open questions in our understanding of the ecology and evolution of life in extreme environments.

Field Guide to the Fishes of the Amazon Orinoco and Guianas

Field Guide to the Fishes of the Amazon  Orinoco  and Guianas
Author: Peter van der Sleen,James S. Albert
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2017-12-11
ISBN 10: 1400888808
ISBN 13: 9781400888801
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Guide to the Fishes of the Amazon Orinoco and Guianas Book Review:

The Amazon and Orinoco basins in northern South America are home to the highest concentration of freshwater fish species on earth, with more than 3,000 species allotted to 564 genera. Amazonian fishes include piranhas, electric eels, freshwater stingrays, a myriad of beautiful small-bodied tetras and catfishes, and the largest scaled freshwater fish in the world, the pirarucu. Field Guide to the Fishes of the Amazon, Orinoco, and Guianas provides descriptions and identification keys for all the known genera of fishes that inhabit Greater Amazonia, a vast and still mostly remote region of tropical rainforests, seasonally flooded savannas, and meandering lowland rivers. The guide’s contributors include more than fifty expert scientists. They summarize the current state of knowledge on the taxonomy, species richness, and ecology of these fish groups, and provide references to relevant literature for species-level identifications. This richly illustrated guide contains 700 detailed drawings, 190 color photos, and 500 distribution maps, which cover all genera. An extensive and illustrated glossary helps readers with the identification keys. The first complete overview of the fish diversity in the Amazon, Orinoco, and Guianas, this comprehensive guide is essential for anyone interested in the freshwater life inhabiting this part of the world. First complete overview of the fish diversity in the Amazon and Orinoco basins Contributors include more than fifty experts Identification keys and distribution maps for all genera 190 stunning color photos 700 detailed line drawings Extensive and illustrated glossary

Biological Resources of Water

Biological Resources of Water
Author: Sajal Ray
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2018-04-25
ISBN 10: 1789230802
ISBN 13: 9781789230802
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Resources of Water Book Review:

The book is divided into two sections and represents the current trend of research in aquatic bioresource. In the section "Biology, Ecology and Physiological Chemistry", high-impact articles are contributed on reproduction, population genetics, evolution, biodiversity, biology and ecology of different aquatic faunas. Physiological chemistry of lipid, bioactive pharmaceuticals and chemical ecological aspects of aquatic organisms were discussed. In the section entitled "Conservation and Sustainable Management", authors highlighted conservation- and management-related issues of various bioresources in different regions of the earth. The book mentions the biological, ecological, physiological and genetic significance of aquatic organisms with resource potential. The authors stressed on rational utilisation and management of bioresource ensuring minimal damage of the aquatic ecosystem. This book would provide a direction towards sustainable ecological management of bioresource.

Annual Fishes

Annual Fishes
Author: Nibia Berois,Graciela García,Rafael O. de Sá
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2015-11-06
ISBN 10: 1482299720
ISBN 13: 9781482299724
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual Fishes Book Review:

Annual Fishes: Life History Strategy, Diversity, and Evolution is the first comprehensive reference on current knowledge of diverse species that exhibit unique survival strategies and provide important models for basic and applied research. This work fills a void, covering the life cycle, reproductive biology, evolutionary ecology, reproductive behavior, sexual selection, genetics, speciation, and integrative and conservation strategies of annual fishes Bringing together researchers in different areas of annual fishes to summarize previous work, overview the current research, and highlight promising areas of research, the book is organized into three sections focusing on: Diversity, life history, and reproductive biology Ecology and conservation Evolution The book provides a thorough understanding of the complexity of annual fishes and emphasizes their usefulness as a unique model organism for studies in vertebrate biology, particularly in areas such as speciation and senescence. It also notes the gaps in knowledge that challenge future research and encourages the continued expansion and development of research studies on annual fishes to address these gaps so that general vertebrate biology can be better understood. It serves as a valuable resource for scientists in a range of disciplines such as ichthyology, zoology, developmental and evolutionary biology, molecular biology and genetics, and ecology.

Genetics Evolution and Conservation of Neotropical Fishes

Genetics  Evolution  and Conservation of Neotropical Fishes
Author: Rodrigo A. Torres,Roberto Ferreira Artoni
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-01-21
ISBN 10: 2889633357
ISBN 13: 9782889633357
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetics Evolution and Conservation of Neotropical Fishes Book Review:

Fish represent the most ancestral and specious group of vertebrates, and occupy more diverse aquatic environments around the world. Ichthyofauna is extremely diverse, especially in megadiverse countries occupying biogeographical regions such as the Neotropical Region, which covers an extensive area between North and South America. Much of this biodiversity will be extinct, even before science knows any aspect of its biology. Like this, Neotropical fish genetics started in the end of the 70’s with papers studying the chromosomes of Hoplias malabaricus (Family Erythrinidae) and the karyotype variation among three genera of the family Anostomidae. The topic at that time was concentrated in two Institutions from the state of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil. In the middle 80’s, the first Symposium on Neotropical Fish Cytogenetics was organized. Nowadays, the field of Neotropical Fish Genetics is present in Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Uruguai, Venezula, Chile, and Equador, as well as outside South America in Panama, Mexico, USA, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, and Spain. The research developed in cytogenetics has focused mainly on karyotype evolution and cytotaxonomy, chromosome structure and, more recently, cytogenomics. In relation to the use of molecular markers, support has been sought for the management of populations for conservation or production in captivity. In addition, many studies have been carried out with the aim of establishing supra-specific phylogenetic relationships and clarifying species distribution scenarios by phylogeographic modeling. The genome and transcriptome of some model species begin to emerge as extremely promising and informative areas for neotropical fish. In 2017, the Neotropical fish genetics research community celebrates the 30th anniversary of its main Meeting (today entitled Symposium on Neotropical Fish Genetics and Cytogenetics). This Research Topic is part of this celebration and aims at reporting the state of the art and its current advances in the frontier of knowledge in genetics, evolution, and conservation of neotropical fish, as well as to detect the challenges to be overcome in the next years.

Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes
Author: James S. Albert,Roberto E. Reis
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2011-03-08
ISBN 10: 0520268687
ISBN 13: 9780520268685
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes Book Review:

“Full of the details we ichthyologists love, this book will clearly be a standard reference on South American fishes for decades to come. The amazingly detailed glossary alone may well be worth the price of the book!” --Peter B. Moyle, author of Inland Fishes of California “A major contribution to our understanding of multiple aspects of the Neotropical freshwater fish fauna. The book will be of interest not only to ichthyologists, but also to a broader audience of researchers working on freshwater organisms and general biogeographic patterns.”--Richard P. Vari, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution “An up-to-date summary of our knowledge of a major continental biodiversity area, that should attract a wide variety of readers."--William Fink, University of Michigan “Successfully brings together disparate information and introduces new data and analyses, giving a vast overview of neotropical freshwater fishes.” --Brian Crother, Southeastern Louisiana University

Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries

Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries
Author: Paul J. B. Hart,John D. Reynolds
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN 10: 1405123222
ISBN 13: 9781405123228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries Book Review:

Recent decades have witnessed strong declines in fish stocks aroundthe globe, amid growing concerns about the impact of fisheries onmarine and freshwater biodiversity. Fisheries biologists andmanagers are therefore increasingly asking about aspects ofecology, behaviour, evolution and biodiversity that weretraditionally studied by people working in very separate fields.This has highlighted the need to work more closely together, inorder to help ensure future success both in management andconservation. The Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries has beenwritten by an international team of scientists and practitioners,to provide an overview of the biology of freshwater and marine fishspecies together with the science that supports fisheriesmanagement and conservation. This volume, subtitled Fish Biology, reviews a broadvariety of topics from evolutionary relationships and globalbiogeography to physiology, recruitment, life histories, genetics,foraging behaviour, reproductive behaviour and community ecology.The second volume, subtitled Fisheries, uses much of thisinformation in a wide-ranging review of fisheries biology,including methods of capture, marketing, economics, stockassessment, forecasting, ecosystem impacts and conservation. Together, these books present the state of the art in ourunderstanding of fish biology and fisheries and will serve asvaluable references for undergraduates and graduates looking for acomprehensive source on a wide variety of topics in fisheriesscience. They will also be useful to researchers who needup-to-date reviews of topics that impinge on their fields, anddecision makers who need to appreciate the scientific backgroundfor management and conservation of aquatic ecosystems. To order volume I, go to the box in the top right hand corner.Alternatively to order volume II, go to:http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/book.asp?ref=063206482X or toorder the 2 volume set, go to:http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/book.asp?ref=0632064838. Provides a unique overview of the study of fish biology andecology, and the assessment and management of fish populations andecosystems. The first volume concentrates on aspects of fish biology andecology, both at the individual and population levels, whilst thesecond volume addresses the assessment and management of fishpopulations and ecosystems. Written by an international team of expert scientists andpractitioners. An invaluable reference tool for both students, researchers andpractitioners working in the fields of fish biology andfisheries.

Fish

Fish
Author: Peter B. Moyle
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 278
Release: 1995-03
ISBN 10: 0520201655
ISBN 13: 9780520201651
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fish Book Review:

Engagingly written, with both learning and humor, Fish bridges the gap between purely pictorial books and scholarly texts, and provides a succinct summary of fish biology and conservation for students and fish enthusiasts.

Fish Ecology

Fish Ecology
Author: Robert J. Wootton
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 940113832X
ISBN 13: 9789401138321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fish Ecology Book Review:

Fishes live in a world that is unfamiliar to us. Although we may make or even more advanced brief visits to this other world using a snorkel, scuba diving equipment, we can never become a part of it. Yet, an understanding of fish ecology requires an awareness of the relationships between fishes and their environment. The purpose of this book is to introduce the ecology of fishes by describing the inter-relationships between fishes and the aquatic habitats they occupy. The book can be read in complementary ways. A sequential reading, chapter by chapter, covers the main themes of ecology, including habitat use, species interactions, migration, feeding, population dynamics and reproduction in relation to the major habitats occupied by fishes. An alternative reading selects a particular sort of habitat, such as rivers, and, by using the index and skipping from chapter to chapter, builds up a picture of the ecology of fishes living in that habitat. The text is written for advanced students. Its emphasis is on descriptive rather than quantitative ecology. It is assumed that the reader will be familiar with the basic biology of fishes, acquired from a text such as The Biology of Fishes (Bone and Marshall, 1982) also published in the Tertiary Level Biology series. I would like to thank Dr J. D. Fish and two anonymous reviewers who, within a tight time-schedule, tried to improve the text. Any mistakes and shortcomings are my contribution.

Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of California

Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of California
Author: Samuel M. McGinnis
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 539
Release: 2006-09-17
ISBN 10: 9780520237285
ISBN 13: 0520237285
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of California Book Review:

"A handy guide to the freshwater fishes of California designed for amateur naturalists and anglers. Alcorn's illustrations are excellent."—Peter Moyle, author of Inland Fishes of California "Freshwater Fishes of California contributes to the better understanding of the past and present history and biology of native and non-native freshwater fishes of California. It also provides practical information on how to sample, care for and/or utilize these fishes. Moreover, it reads like a good novel that piques your interest on fish natural history and identification. It should be of value to anglers, environmentalists concerned with protection of our aquatic habitats and resource, natural history buffs, and governmental biologists and administrators."—Theodore W. Wooster, Environmental Specialist, retired, California Department of Fish and Game

Genetic Resources of Neotropical Fishes

Genetic Resources of Neotropical Fishes
Author: Alexandre W. S. Hilsdorf,Eric M. Hallerman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2017-06-08
ISBN 10: 3319558382
ISBN 13: 9783319558387
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Resources of Neotropical Fishes Book Review:

The aim of this book is to systematize and discuss population genetic studies of freshwater fish in a region that harbors the greatest diversity of species among all inland water ecosystems. This volume explores the genetic evaluation for a number of orders, families and species of Neotropical fishes, and provides an overview on genetic resources and diversity and their relationships with fish domestication, breeding, and food production.

Fishes Out of Water

Fishes Out of Water
Author: Zeehan Jaafar,Edward O. Murdy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2017-07-12
ISBN 10: 1498717888
ISBN 13: 9781498717885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fishes Out of Water Book Review:

Mudskippers are amphibious fishes native to the Indo-West Pacific and tropical western Africa. Unlike most fishes, mudskippers emerse to forage, find mates, and defend territories. Adaptations to their morphology, physiology and behavior enable mudskippers to accommodate both aquatic and terrestrial habitats. For these traits, mudskippers have long captured the fascination of scientists, naturalists, and fish hobbyists. Some mudskipper taxa (e.g. Periophthalmodon spp., Periophthalmus spp., Boleophthalmus spp.) are readily observed on mudflats and mangrove forests during the ebb tide. Correspondingly, these conspicuous and widespread taxa are relatively well-studied. The autecology and basic biology for the remaing taxa (e.g. Apocryptodon spp. and Oxuderces spp.) are still poorly understood. Fishes Out of Water: Biology and Ecology of Mudskippers is the first comprehensive book to synthesize published scientific information and observation on these fishes. Two dozen subject experts present thorough overviews in fifteen distinct chapters. Contents span mudskipper anatomy, distribution, systematics, physiology, ecology, and conservation. Unique adaptations to terrestriality are discussed within the context of each chapter foci. This authoritative reference equips the reader with the basic foundation to understand mudskipper biology and ecology, while providing a framework in which emerging data are discussed. The book will be of interest to a broad range of students, researchers, and professionals in ichthyology, evolution, ecology, animal behavior, and comparative physiology.

Fish Physiology The Physiology of Tropical Fishes

Fish Physiology  The Physiology of Tropical Fishes
Author: Adalberto Luis Val,Vera Maria Fonseca de Almeida e Val,David J. Randall
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2005-10-13
ISBN 10: 9780123504456
ISBN 13: 0123504457
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fish Physiology The Physiology of Tropical Fishes Book Review:

The Physiology of Tropical Fishes is the 21st volume of the well-known Fish Physiology series and consists of 12 chapters. The purpose of the book is to consolidate and integrate what is known about tropical fishes (marine and freshwater species). The twelve chapters focus on the physiological adaptations acquired during the evolutionary process to cope with warm and shallow hypoxic waters from tropical and neotropical hydrographic basins as well as with the intertidal and coral reef habitats which occur in abundance in tropical seas. The special characteristics of tropical fish fauna will be issued in order to explain the tropical fish radiation, which gave rise to such extreme fish diversity. This present volume, is a voyage through the tropical region reviewing the fish diversity of the main tropical freshwater sheds, including the major tropical rivers and lakes, the major dams, and marine environments. State-of-the-art information on tropical fish physiology Written by specialists working in the Tropics Offers a diverse depiction of the various tropical fishes and the environment where they inhabit 12 innovative chapters covering a concise view of growth rate, biological rhythms, feeding plasticity, cardio-respiratory design and function, diversity of structure, and much more

Fundamentals of Tropical Freshwater Wetlands

Fundamentals of Tropical Freshwater Wetlands
Author: Tatenda Dalu,Ryan J. Wasserman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 862
Release: 2021-11-26
ISBN 10: 0128223634
ISBN 13: 9780128223635
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Tropical Freshwater Wetlands Book Review:

Fundamentals of Tropical Freshwater Wetlands: From Ecology to Conservation Management is a practical guide and important tool for practitioners and educators interested in the ecology, conservation and management of wetlands in tropical/subtropical regions. The book is written in such a way that, in addition to scientists and managers, it is accessible to non-specialist readers. Organized into three themed sections and twenty-three chapters, this volume covers a variety of topics, exposing the reader to a full range of scientific, conservation and management issues. Each chapter has been written by specialists in the topic being presented. The book recognizes that wetland conservation, science and management are interlinked disciplines, and so it attempts to combine several perspectives to highlight the interdependence between the various professions that deal with issues in these environments. Within each chapter extensive cross-referencing is included, so as to help the reader link related aspects of the issues being discussed. Contributed to by global experts in the field of tropical wetlands Includes case studies and worked examples, enabling the reader to recreate the work already done Focuses on tropical systems not available in any other book

Biology of Stress in Fish

Biology of Stress in Fish
Author: Carl B. Schreck,Lluis Tort,Anthony P. Farrell,Colin J. Brauner
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 602
Release: 2016-11-01
ISBN 10: 0128027371
ISBN 13: 9780128027370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology of Stress in Fish Book Review:

Biology of Stress in Fish: Fish Physiology provides a general understanding on the topic of stress biology, including most of the recent advances in the field. The book starts with a general discussion of stress, providing answers to issues such as its definition, the nature of the physiological stress response, and the factors that affect the stress response. It also considers the biotic and abiotic factors that cause variation in the stress response, how the stress response is generated and controlled, its effect on physiological and organismic function and performance, and applied assessment of stress, animal welfare, and stress as related to model species. Provides the definitive reference on stress in fish as written by world-renowned experts in the field Includes the most recent advances and up-to-date thinking about the causes of stress in fish, their implications, and how to minimize the negative effects Considers the biotic and abiotic factors that cause variation in the stress response

The Freshwater Fishes of Suriname

The Freshwater Fishes of Suriname
Author: Jan H.A. Mol
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 900
Release: 2012-09-19
ISBN 10: 9004207651
ISBN 13: 9789004207653
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Freshwater Fishes of Suriname Book Review:

Suriname is undoubtedly the site of origin of the oldest extant preserved specimens of South American fishes and 19 Surinamese fish species were described and figured by Linnaeus. This book offers the first comprehensive introduction to the 480 currently known fresh- and brackish-water fishes of Suriname, including identification keys, short descriptions and photographs of the species and descriptions of their habitats.

Developmental Biology of Teleost Fishes

Developmental Biology of Teleost Fishes
Author: Yvette Kunz-Ramsay
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 1402029977
ISBN 13: 9781402029974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developmental Biology of Teleost Fishes Book Review:

In the compiling of this book, the vast literature dealing with the descriptive morphology, histology and cytology of teleost development has been combed and integrated. The book is divided into 21 chapters, starting with the egg and embryonic development up to hatching. This is followed by a description of ectodermal, mesodermal and entodermal derivatives and the development of various organs. The subject index, species index and the abundant illustrations add extra value to this long awaited book. Developmental Biology of Teleost Fishes will be a valuable tool for scientists and students in the fields of biology, developmental biology, molecular biology and fish biology.