Biological Experiments in Space

Biological Experiments in Space
Author: Galina Nechitailo,Alexey Kondyurin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2021-07-10
ISBN 10: 0128205016
ISBN 13: 9780128205013
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Experiments in Space Book Review:

Biological Experiments in Space: 30 Years Investigating Life in Space Orbit covers investigations of plant, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue cultures on space flights, beginning with the first orbital space station on Salyut 1. The book includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on biological systems, including analysis of the impact of microgravity on organisms, as well as the effects of electric and magnetic fields. This book offers important insights for researchers of space biology and astrobiology, as well as space agency and industry specialists developing future space stations and missions. Lack of gravity, temperature and chemical gradients, magnetic and electrical fields, spectral composition and intensity of light, and high-energy cosmic radiation influence many important metabolic and physiological processes in animals, plants, and microorganisms, as well as transfer phenomena in and around them. Success of future space exploration depends on understanding the effects of these factors on biological organisms and developing appropriate countermeasures, aimed at improving growth, development, and reproduction in microgravity. Includes results on the influence of the entire complex of physical factors associated with spaceflight on a range of biological systems Analyzes the impacts of microgravity, as well as electric and magnetic fields, on organisms Covers pioneering investigations of plants, algae, animals, fish, microorganisms and tissue culture in space flights

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine
Author: S.L. Bonting
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2000-01-03
ISBN 10: 9780762303939
ISBN 13: 076230393X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine Book Review:

During the past several years there has been a shortage of flight opportunities for biological and medical projects. And those that were available usually had severe restrictions on instrumentation, number of subjects, duration, time allotted for performing the experiments, a possibility for repetition of experiments. It is our hope and expectation that this will change once the international Space Station is in full operation. The advantages of a permanent space station, already demonstrated by the Russian Mir station, are continuous availability of expert crew and a wide range of equipment, possibility of long-term experiments where this is waranted, increased numbers of subjects through larger laboratory space, proper controls in the large 1-G centrifuge, easier repeatability of experiments when needed. The limited number of flight opportunities during recent years probably explains why it has taken so long to acquire a sufficient number of high quality contributions for this seventh volume of Advances in Space Biology and Medicine. While initially the series wassailed at annually appearing volumes, we are now down to a biannual appearance. Hopefully, it will be possible to return to annual volumes in the future when results from space station experimentation at beginning to pour in. The first three chapters of this volume deal with muscle. Fejtek and Wassersug provide a survey of all studies on muscle of rodents flown in space, and include an interesting demography of this aspect of space research. Riley reviews our current knowledge of the effects of long-term spaceflight and re-entry on skeletal muscle, and considers the questions still to be answered before we can be satisfied that long-term space missions, such as on the space station, can be safely undertaken. Stein reviews our understanding of the nutritional and hormonal aspects of muscle loss in spaceflight, and concludes that the protein loss in space could be deleterious to health during flight and after return. Strollo summarizes our understanding of the major endocrine systems on the ground, then considers what we know about their functioning in space, concluding that there is much to be learned about the changes taking place during spaceflight. The many problems of providing life support (oxygen regeneration and food supply) during extended stay on the Moon, on Mars, or in space by means of plant cultivation are discussed by Salisbury. The challenges of utilizing electrophoresis in microgravity for the separation of cells and proteins are illustrated and explained by Bauer and colleagues. Finally, the chapter on teaching of space life sciences by Schmitt shows that this field of science has come of age, but also that its multidisciplinary character poses interesting challenges to teaching it.

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation
Author: Charles E. Swenberg,Gerda Horneck,E.G. Stassinopoulous
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461529182
ISBN 13: 9781461529187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Book Review:

Space missions subject human beings or any other target of a spacecraft to a radiation environment of an intensity and composition not available on earth. Whereas for missions in low earth orbit (LEO), such as those using the Space Shuttle or Space Station scenario, radiation exposure guidelines have been developed and have been adopted by spacefaring agencies, for exploratory class missions that will take the space travellers outside the protective confines of the geomagnetic field sufficient guidelines for radiation protection are still outstanding. For a piloted Mars mission, the whole concept of radiation protection needs to be reconsidered. Since there is an increasing interest ci many nations and space agencies in establishing a lunar base and lor exploring Mars by manned missions, it is both, timely and important to develop appropriate risk estimates and radiation protection guidelines which will have an influence on the design and structure of space vehicles and habitation areas of the extraterrestrial settlements. This book is the result of a multidisciplinary effort to assess the state of art in our knowledge on the radiation situation during deep space missions and on the impact of this complex radiation environment on the space traveller. ]t comprises the lectures by the faculty members as well as short contributions by the students given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation" held in Armacao de Pera, Portugal, 12-23 October, 1991.

Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration

Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-01-30
ISBN 10: 0309163846
ISBN 13: 9780309163842
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration Book Review:

More than four decades have passed since a human first set foot on the Moon. Great strides have been made in our understanding of what is required to support an enduring human presence in space, as evidenced by progressively more advanced orbiting human outposts, culminating in the current International Space Station (ISS). However, of the more than 500 humans who have so far ventured into space, most have gone only as far as near-Earth orbit, and none have traveled beyond the orbit of the Moon. Achieving humans' further progress into the solar system had proved far more difficult than imagined in the heady days of the Apollo missions, but the potential rewards remain substantial. During its more than 50-year history, NASA's success in human space exploration has depended on the agency's ability to effectively address a wide range of biomedical, engineering, physical science, and related obstacles--an achievement made possible by NASA's strong and productive commitments to life and physical sciences research for human space exploration, and by its use of human space exploration infrastructures for scientific discovery. The Committee for the Decadal Survey of Biological and Physical Sciences acknowledges the many achievements of NASA, which are all the more remarkable given budgetary challenges and changing directions within the agency. In the past decade, however, a consequence of those challenges has been a life and physical sciences research program that was dramatically reduced in both scale and scope, with the result that the agency is poorly positioned to take full advantage of the scientific opportunities offered by the now fully equipped and staffed ISS laboratory, or to effectively pursue the scientific research needed to support the development of advanced human exploration capabilities. Although its review has left it deeply concerned about the current state of NASA's life and physical sciences research, the Committee for the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space is nevertheless convinced that a focused science and engineering program can achieve successes that will bring the space community, the U.S. public, and policymakers to an understanding that we are ready for the next significant phase of human space exploration. The goal of this report is to lay out steps and develop a forward-looking portfolio of research that will provide the basis for recapturing the excitement and value of human spaceflight--thereby enabling the U.S. space program to deliver on new exploration initiatives that serve the nation, excite the public, and place the United States again at the forefront of space exploration for the global good.

The Virtual Glovebox

The Virtual Glovebox
Author: Jeffrey D. Smith,Nasa Technical Reports Server (Ntrs)
Publsiher: BiblioGov
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2013-08
ISBN 10: 9781289288211
ISBN 13: 1289288216
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Virtual Glovebox Book Review:

The era of the International Space Station (ISS) has finally arrived, providing researchers on Earth a unique opportunity to study long-term effects of weightlessness and the space environment on structures, materials and living systems. Many of the physical, biological and material science experiments planned for ISS will require significant input and expertise from astronauts who must conduct the research, follow complicated assay procedures and collect data and samples in space. Containment is essential for Much of this work, both to protect astronauts from potentially harmful biological, chemical or material elements in the experiments as well as to protect the experiments from contamination by air-born particles In the Space Station environment. When astronauts must open the hardware containing such experiments, glovebox facilities provide the necessary barrier between astronaut and experiment. On Earth, astronauts are laced with the demanding task of preparing for the many glovebox experiments they will perform in space. Only a short time can be devoted to training for each experimental task and gl ovebox research only accounts for a small portion of overall training and mission objectives on any particular ISS mission. The quality of the research also must remain very high, requiring very detailed experience and knowledge of instrumentation, anatomy and specific scientific objectives for those who will conduct the research. This unique set of needs faced by NASA has stemmed the development of a new computer simulation tool, the Virtual Glovebox (VGB), which is designed to provide astronaut crews and support personnel with a means to quickly and accurately prepare and train for glovebox experiments in space.

Russian Biospex

Russian Biospex
Author: Michele D. Anderson,Robert A. Dittman,William H. Bush
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 229
Release: 1981
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:10411369
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Russian Biospex Book Review:

Safety Design for Space Systems

Safety Design for Space Systems
Author: Gary E. Musgrave Ph.D,Axel Larsen,Tommaso Sgobba
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 992
Release: 2009-03-27
ISBN 10: 9780080559223
ISBN 13: 0080559220
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Safety Design for Space Systems Book Review:

Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance. * The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed * Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station. * Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)

Apollo Soyuz experiments in Space

Apollo Soyuz  experiments in Space
Author: Lou Williams Page,Thornton Page
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1977
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210024889345
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Apollo Soyuz experiments in Space Book Review:

Biospex Biological Space Experiments

Biospex  Biological Space Experiments
Author: Michele Anderson
Publsiher: Forgotten Books
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2015-06-25
ISBN 10: 9781330371831
ISBN 13: 1330371836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biospex Biological Space Experiments Book Review:

Excerpt from Biospex, Biological Space Experiments: A Compendium of Life Sciences Experiments Carried on U. S. Spacecraft The United States space effort has had a long, though not always well known, history of Life Science experimentation. Long before the birth of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration biological payloads were being launched. The first documented flight carrying a living payload was a V-2 rocket in 1948. The captured rocket carried a primate, Albert, in a specially designed nosecone. The Navy was responsible for this flight, and as time progressed, the Army became involved. The Army used a ballistic rocket as the means of carrying the experiments. After several unsuccessful and semi-successful flights, the historic Abel and Baker flight was accomplished. The two primates carried on the flight were returned alive and well. From this point on, more and more Life Science experiments were returned alive. With the beginning of NASA, the military surrendered sole rights to flight studies. The agency started its Life Sciences program with chimpanzee flights in preparation for Project Mercury. From the space experience with Ham and Enos, the chimps, it was deemed that the space environment was safe for man, and Alan Shepard and John Glenn were launched into the relative unknown. The early Mercury flights marked the beginning of inflight biomedical experimentation on humans. During all of the manned spaceflight programs, a large number of experiments have been conducted on the flight crews. There have been numerous biological studies in the space environment ranging from high energy particle effects on cellular organisms to fully instrumenting and flying a monkey. Satellites have been solely devoted to biological investigations, such as the Biosatellite series and the joint U.S.- U.S.S.R. KOSMOS 782 mission. The following document is a compendium of Life Science investigations that have taken place on U.S. spacecraft. Previously, there had been no complete compilation of the experiments, making it difficult to determine what has been attempted and accomplished in space Life Sciences. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1968
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015026176985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book Review:

Biology

Biology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 240
Release: 1969
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:C3009781
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology Book Review:

Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics
Author: Cameron Tropea,Alexander L. Yarin,John F. Foss
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1557
Release: 2007-10-09
ISBN 10: 3540251413
ISBN 13: 9783540251415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics Book Review:

Accompanying DVD-ROM contains ... "all chapters of the Springer Handbook."--Page 3 of cover.

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2018-12-19
ISBN 10: 030947762X
ISBN 13: 9780309477628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017 Book Review:

The original charter of the Space Science Board was established in June 1958, three months before the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) opened its doors. The Space Science Board and its successor, the Space Studies Board (SSB), have provided expert external and independent scientific and programmatic advice to NASA on a continuous basis from NASA's inception until the present. The SSB has also provided such advice to other executive branch agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Department of Defense, as well as to Congress. Space Studies Board Annual Report 2017 covers a message from the chair of the SSB, David N. Spergel. This report also explains the origins of the Space Science Board, how the Space Studies Board functions today, the SSB's collaboration with other National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine units, assures the quality of the SSB reports, acknowledges the audience and sponsors, and expresses the necessity to enhance the outreach and improve dissemination of SSB reports. This report will be relevant to a full range of government audiences in civilian space research - including NASA, NSF, NOAA, USGS, and the Department of Energy, as well members of the SSB, policy makers, and researchers.

Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992

Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development  and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105119581432
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies Appropriations for 1992 Book Review:

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
Author: Bruce Alberts
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780815332183
ISBN 13: 0815332181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book Review:

Asteroids

Asteroids
Author: Martin Elvis
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2021-05-01
ISBN 10: 030023192X
ISBN 13: 9780300231922
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Asteroids Book Review:

A unique, wide-ranging examination of asteroid exploration and our future in space Human travel into space is an enormously expensive and unforgiving endeavor. So why go? In this accessible and authoritative book, astrophysicist Martin Elvis argues that the answer is asteroid exploration, for the strong motives of love, fear, and greed. Elvis's personal motivation is one of scientific love--asteroid investigations may teach us about the composition of the solar system and the origins of life. A more compelling reason may be fear--of a dinosaur killer-sized asteroid hitting our planet. Finally, Elvis maintains, we should consider greed: asteroids likely hold vast riches, such as large platinum deposits, and mining them could provide both a new industry and a funding source for bolder space exploration. Elvis explains how each motive can be satisfied, and how they help one another. From the origins of life, to "space billiards," and space sports, Elvis looks at how asteroids may be used in the not-so-distant future.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1992-07
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UFL:31262082066589
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review:

Symbioses and Stress

Symbioses and Stress
Author: Joseph Seckbach,Martin Grube
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2010-09-21
ISBN 10: 9048194490
ISBN 13: 9789048194490
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Symbioses and Stress Book Review:

Symbioses and Stress examines how organisms in tight symbiotic associations cope with abiotic and biotic stress. Presenting new findings on symbioses by experts and leading scholars in the field, this volume complements courses and lectures in biology and genetics.

Independent Offices and Department of Housing and Urban Development Appropriations

Independent Offices and Department of Housing and Urban Development Appropriations
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Independent Offices and Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112078257786
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Independent Offices and Department of Housing and Urban Development Appropriations Book Review:

Life and Space

Life and Space
Author: V. Borisov,O. Gorlov
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 279
Release: 1964
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UVA:X000979577
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life and Space Book Review:

Soviet biological experiments carried out with great thoroughness, embraced different sides of the problem of guaranteeing safety of a man's flight in space. In essence they provided a 'visa' for the first flight. This book relates, in popular form, the problems and achievements of space biology and medicine. Its authors are Soviet physician-physiologists. Therefore, it is natural that in the book much scientific information is given, from the physiological point of view, concerning questions of preparing future cosmonauts for flights.