Bioenergy and the Advanced Application of Bio products and Microfluidic Devices

Bioenergy and the Advanced Application of Bio products and Microfluidic Devices
Author: Mohammad Reza Rahimpour
Publsiher: Engineering Science Reference
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9781522575344
ISBN 13: 1522575340
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioenergy and the Advanced Application of Bio products and Microfluidic Devices Book Review:

"This book introduces the most efficient process for producing biofuels. It also highlights the applications of microfluidic devices for designing large scale reactors and discusses the biomass production processes and their significant applications"--

Advances in Bioenergy and Microfluidic Applications

Advances in Bioenergy and Microfluidic Applications
Author: Mohammad Reza Rahimpour,Reza Kamali,Mohammad Amin Makarem,Mohammad Karim Dehghan Manshadi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2021-02-02
ISBN 10: 012822634X
ISBN 13: 9780128226346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Bioenergy and Microfluidic Applications Book Review:

Since fossil fuels suffer from dangerous side effects for the environment and their resources are limited, bioenergy attracted many attentions in various aspects as an alternative solution. Therefore, increasing number of researches are conducted every year and the processes updated frequently to make them more economic and industrially beneficial. Advances in Bioenergy and Microfluidic Applications reviews recent developments in this field and covers various advanced bio-applications, which rarely are reviewed elsewhere. The chapters are started from converting biomass to valuable products and continues with applications of biomass in water-treatment, novel sorbents and membranes, refineries, microfluidic devices and etc. The book covers various routes for gaining bioenergy from biomass. Their composition, carbon contents, heat production capacities and other important factors are reviewed in details in different chapters. Then, the processes for upgrading them directly and indirectly (using metabolic engineering and ultrasonic devices) to various fuels are explained. Each process is reviewed both technically and economically and the product analysis is given. Besides, the effect of various catalysts on increasing selectivity and productivity are taken into account. Biofuels are compared with fossil fuels and challenges in the way of bioenergy production are explained. Moreover, advanced bio-applications in membranes, adsorption, waste water treatment, microfluidic devices and etc. are introduced. This book provides a good insight about such bioprocesses and microfluidics devices for researchers, students, professors and related departments and industries that care about energy resources and curious about recent advances in related methods and technologies. Despite other books which review biomass chemistry and conversion, the current book emphasize on the application of biomass in the mentioned areas. Therefore, one can gain a better and more comprehensive insight by reading the book. Describes energy production from biomass, biomass conversion, their advantages and limitations Describes the application of biomass in membranes, sorbents, water-treatment, refineries, and microfluidic devices Offers a future outlook of bioenergy production and possibility to apply in the industries

Advanced Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants Emerging Research and Opportunities

Advanced Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants  Emerging Research and Opportunities
Author: Hussain, Athar,Bhattacharya, Ayushman
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2019-05-31
ISBN 10: 1522594426
ISBN 13: 9781522594420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants Emerging Research and Opportunities Book Review:

With the advancement of new technologies, existing wastewater treatment units need to be reexamined to make them more efficient and to release the load currently placed on them. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop and adopt the latest design methodology to determine and remove harmful impurities from water sources. Advanced Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a critical scholarly resource that explores the design of various units of wastewater treatment plants and treatment technologies that can produce reusable quality water from wastewater. The book covers topics that include the basic philosophy of wastewater treatment, designing principles of various wastewater treatment units, conventional treatment systems, and advanced treatment processes. It is an integral reference source for engineers, environmentalists, waste authorities, solid waste management companies, landfill operators, legislators, researchers, and academicians.

Advanced Multi Criteria Decision Making for Addressing Complex Sustainability Issues

Advanced Multi Criteria Decision Making for Addressing Complex Sustainability Issues
Author: Chatterjee, Prasenjit,Yazdani, Morteza,Chakraborty, Shankar,Panchal, Dilbagh,Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-05-03
ISBN 10: 1522585818
ISBN 13: 9781522585817
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Multi Criteria Decision Making for Addressing Complex Sustainability Issues Book Review:

Sustainability issues have gained more importance in contemporary globalization, pushing decision makers to find a systematic mathematical approach to conduct analyses of this real-world problem. The growing complexity in modern social-economics or engineering environments or systems has forced researchers to solve complicated problems by using multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches. However, traditional MCDM research mainly focuses on reaching the highest economic value or efficiency, and issues related to sustainability are still not closely explored. Advanced Multi-Criteria Decision Making for Addressing Complex Sustainability Issues discusses and addresses the challenges in the implementation of decision-making models in the context of green and sustainable engineering, criteria identification, quantification, comparison, selection, and analysis in the context of manufacturing, supply chain, transportation, and energy sectors. All academic communities in the areas of management, economics, business sciences, mechanical, and manufacturing technologies are able to use, apply, and implement the models presented in this book. It is intended for researchers, manufacturers, engineers, managers, industry professionals, academicians, and students.

Retrofitting for Optimal Energy Performance

Retrofitting for Optimal Energy Performance
Author: Tantau, Adrian
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 339
Release: 2019-06-14
ISBN 10: 1522591060
ISBN 13: 9781522591061
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Retrofitting for Optimal Energy Performance Book Review:

Retrofitting expresses, in a traditional approach, the process of improving something after it has been manufactured, constructed, or assembled. These systems integrate new technologies, new functions, and new services that increase the energy performance in existing private, public, and commercial buildings. Retrofitting for Optimal Energy Performance is a comprehensive reference source that examines environmentally conscious technologies and their applications in advancing retrofitting practices. Providing relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in the area, it highlights an array of topics such as climate change, energy management, and optimization modeling, and is essential for academicians, students, researchers, engineers, architects, entrepreneurs, managers, policymakers, and building owners.

Hydrology and Water Resources Management in Arid Semi Arid and Tropical Regions

Hydrology and Water Resources Management in Arid  Semi Arid  and Tropical Regions
Author: Ondieki, Christopher Misati,Kitheka, Johnson Utu
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2019-06-28
ISBN 10: 1799801659
ISBN 13: 9781799801658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrology and Water Resources Management in Arid Semi Arid and Tropical Regions Book Review:

Hydrology is a key influence on water security, environmental sustainability, agricultural production, energy, and transport, especially in unique environments such as arid regions and the tropics, where degradation issues on water and land can threaten the livelihoods of poor communities. With implications in urbanization, landscape architecture, and sanitation, enhancing the practice of water use, management, and planning is imperative for the sustainable development of these regions. Hydrology and Water Resources Management in Arid, Semi-Arid, and Tropical Regions is an essential research publication that seeks to improve scientific understanding and sharing of data in hydrology and integrated water resources management of arid, semi-arid, and tropical regions in order to enhance water governance and alleviate reduction in the vulnerability of water resources systems to global changes. Featuring a wide range of topics such as hydrometeorology, sustainable development, and climate change, this book is ideal for researchers, technology developers, academicians, policymakers, government officials, and students.

Handbook of Waste Management and Co Product Recovery in Food Processing

Handbook of Waste Management and Co Product Recovery in Food Processing
Author: Keith W. Waldron
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2007-03-31
ISBN 10: 1845692527
ISBN 13: 9781845692520
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Waste Management and Co Product Recovery in Food Processing Book Review:

The intensification of agriculture and food production in recent years has led to an increase in the production of food co-products and wastes. Their disposal by incineration or landfill is often expensive as well as environmentally sensitive. Methods to valorise unused co-products and improve the management of wastes that cannot be reused, as well as techniques to reduce the quantity of waste produced in the first place, are increasingly important to the food industry. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Waste management and co-product recovery in food processing reviews the latest developments in this area and describes how they can be used to reduce waste. The first section of the book provides a concise introduction to the field with a particular focus on legislation and consumer interests, principle drivers of waste management. Part two addresses the minimisation of biowaste and the optimisation of water and energy use in food processing. The third section covers key technologies for co-product separation and recovery, such as supercritical fluid extraction and membrane filtration, as well as important issues to consider when recovering co-products, such as waste stabilisation and microbiological risk assessment. Part four offers specific examples of waste management and co-product exploitation in particular sectors such as the red meat, poultry, dairy, fish and fruit and vegetable industries. The final part of the book summarises advanced techniques, to dispose of waste products that cannot be reused, and reviews state of the art technologies for wastewater treatment. Waste management and co-product recovery in food processing is a vital reference to all those in the food processing industry concerned with waste minimisation, co-product valorisation and end waste management. Looks at the optimisation of manufacturing procedures to decrease waste, energy and water use Explores methods to valorise waste by co-product recovery Considers best practice in different sectors of the food industry

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes
Author: Angelo Basile,Kamran Ghasemzadeh,Adolfo Iulianelli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN 10: 0128232730
ISBN 13: 9780128232736
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes Book Review:

Transport Phenomena in Membranes illustrates many aspects of mass transport in different membranes used in separation processes, along with their advantages when compared with other types of separation methods. This book focuses on introducing and analyzing transport phenomena in membranes and overviewing achievements in the development of mass transport mechanisms of various membranes. Hence, this book is a key reference text for R&D managers in industry interested in the development of membrane technologies as well as academic researchers and postgraduate students working in the wider area of the strategic treatment, separation and purification processes. This book is intended to act as a resource for a wide range of people in various separation fields, including students and researchers, consultants and engineers, operators and managers, who have an interest in membrane technology. Describes developments in transport phenomena in different membrane processes Provides a comprehensive reference book in the membrane field for students and engineers Describes membrane separation fundamentals and relates them to various potential applications

Microfluidics for Biotechnology

Microfluidics for Biotechnology
Author: Jean Berthier,Pascal Silberzan
Publsiher: Artech House
Total Pages: 483
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1596934441
ISBN 13: 9781596934443
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microfluidics for Biotechnology Book Review:

The application of microfluidics to biotechnology is an exciting new area that has already begun to revolutionize how researchers study and manipulate macromolecules like DNA, proteins and cells in vitro and within living organisms. Now in a newly revised and expanded second edition, the Artech House bestseller, Microfluidics for Biotechnology brings you to the cutting edge of this burgeoning field. Among the numerous updates, the second edition features three entirely new chapters on: non-dimensional numbers in microfluidics; interface, capillarity and microdrops; and digital, two-phase and droplet microfluidics.Presenting an enlightening balance of numerical approaches, theory, and experimental examples, this book provides a detailed look at the mechanical behavior of the different types of micro/nano particles and macromolecules that are used in biotechnology. You gain a solid understanding of microfluidics theory and the mechanics of microflows and microdrops. The book examines the diffusion of species and nanoparticles, including continuous flow and discrete Monte-Carlo methods.This unique volume describes the transport and dispersion of biochemical species and particles. You learn how to model biochemical reactions, including DNA hybridization and enzymatic reactions. Moreover, the book helps you master the theory, applications, and modeling of magnetic beads behavior and provides an overview of self-assembly and magnetic composite. Other key topics include the electric manipulation of micro/nanoparticles and macromolecules and the experimental aspects of biological macromolecule manipulation.

Bioreactors for Microbial Biomass and Energy Conversion

Bioreactors for Microbial Biomass and Energy Conversion
Author: Qiang Liao,Jo-shu Chang,Christiane Herrmann,Ao Xia
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2018-04-20
ISBN 10: 9811076774
ISBN 13: 9789811076770
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioreactors for Microbial Biomass and Energy Conversion Book Review:

This book discusses recent trends and developments in the microbial conversion process, which serves as an important route for biofuel production, with particular attention to bioreactors. It combines microbial conversion with multiphase flow and mass transfer, providing an alternative perspective for the understanding of microbial biomass and energy production process as well as enhancement strategy. This book is relevant to students and researchers who work in the fields of renewable energy, engineering and biotechnology. Policymakers, economists and industry engineers also benefit from this book, as it can be used as a resource for the implementation of renewable energy technologies.

Advances in Bioenergy

Advances in Bioenergy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2020-05-19
ISBN 10: 0128207450
ISBN 13: 9780128207451
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Bioenergy Book Review:

Advances in Bioenergy, Volume Five, part of a new series that provides both principles and recent developments in various kinds of bioenergy technologies, includes the latest on feedstock development, conversion technologies, energy and economics and environmental analysis. This series uniquely provides the fundamentals of these technologies, along with reviews that will be invaluable for students. Chapters in this new release cover Medium Chain Fatty Acids Production by Microbial Chain Elongation: Recent Advances, Two-stage AD for bioenergy and biochemical production from industrial and agricultural wastewater, and more. Written and edited by a world-leading scientist in the area of bioenergy and bioproducts Includes both principles and recent developments within bioenergy technologies Covers the fundamentals of technologies and recent reviews

Pyrolysis of Biomass

Pyrolysis of Biomass
Author: Shurong Wang,Zhongyang Luo
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN 10: 3110386127
ISBN 13: 9783110386127
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Biomass Book Review:

With the development of societies fossil energy is no longer the only energy resource, and increasing attention had been paid to alternative energy. Biomass is considered to be one of the alternatives due to efficiency and low cost. This book presents biomass pyrolysis behavior for three main components: Cellulose, Hemicellulose and Lignin, and discusses the influence of mineral salts , zeolite catalysts and metal oxide on their pyrolysis.

Wearable Bioelectronics

Wearable Bioelectronics
Author: Anthony P.F. Turner,Alberto Salleo,Onur Parlak
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2019-11-26
ISBN 10: 0081024088
ISBN 13: 9780081024089
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wearable Bioelectronics Book Review:

Wearable Bioelectronics presents the latest on physical and (bio)chemical sensing for wearable electronics. It covers the miniaturization of bioelectrodes and high-throughput biosensing platforms while also presenting a systemic approach for the development of electrochemical biosensors and bioelectronics for biomedical applications. The book addresses the fundamentals, materials, processes and devices for wearable bioelectronics, showcasing key applications, including device fabrication, manufacturing, and healthcare applications. Topics covered include self-powering wearable bioelectronics, electrochemical transducers, textile-based biosensors, epidermal electronics and other exciting applications. Includes comprehensive and systematic coverage of the most exciting and promising bioelectronics, processes for their fabrication, and their applications in healthcare Reviews innovative applications, such as self-powering wearable bioelectronics, electrochemical transducers, textile-based biosensors and electronic skin Examines and discusses the future of wearable bioelectronics Addresses the wearable electronics market as a development of the healthcare industry

Lab on a Chip Fabrication and Application

Lab on a Chip Fabrication and Application
Author: Margarita Stoytcheva,Roumen Zlatev
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2016-06-29
ISBN 10: 9535124579
ISBN 13: 9789535124573
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lab on a Chip Fabrication and Application Book Review:

The necessity of on-site, fast, sensitive, and cheap complex laboratory analysis, associated with the advances in the microfabrication technologies and the microfluidics, made it possible for the creation of the innovative device lab-on-a-chip (LOC), by which we would be able to scale a single or multiple laboratory processes down to a chip format. The present book is dedicated to the LOC devices from two points of view: LOC fabrication and LOC application.

Synthetic Biology of Cyanobacteria

Synthetic Biology of Cyanobacteria
Author: Weiwen Zhang,Xinyu Song
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 355
Release: 2018-08-08
ISBN 10: 9811308543
ISBN 13: 9789811308543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Biology of Cyanobacteria Book Review:

This volume highlights recent breakthroughs in the interdisciplinary areas of synthetic biology, metabolic engineering and bioprocess engineering for the production of green chemicals. It also presents practical experimental and computational tools for the design, construction and manipulation of cyanobacteria cell factories. The respective contributions cover new technologies in the field, such as novel genetic transformation techniques and bioinformatics analysis methods and address various aspects of cyanobacterial synthetic biology, offering a valuable resource for students and researchers in the fields of industry microbiology and biomedical engineering.

Advanced Biological Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Biological Processes for Wastewater Treatment
Author: Márcia Dezotti,Geraldo Lippel,João Paulo Bassin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2017-09-12
ISBN 10: 3319588354
ISBN 13: 9783319588353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Biological Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book Review:

This book presents recent developments in advanced biological treatment technologies that are attracting increasing attention or that have a high potential for large-scale application in the near future. It also explores the fundamental principles as well as the applicability of the engineered bioreactors in detail. It describes two of the emerging technologies: membrane bioreactors (MBR) and moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBR), both of which are finding increasing application worldwide thanks to their compactness and high efficiency. It also includes a chapter dedicated to aerobic granular sludge (AGS) technology, and discusses the main features and applications of this promising process, which can simultaneously remove organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus and is considered a breakthrough in biological wastewater treatment. Given the importance of removing nitrogen compounds from wastewater, the latest advances in this area, including new processes for nitrogen removal (e.g. Anammox), are also reviewed. Developments in molecular biology techniques over the last twenty years provide insights into the complex microbial diversity found in biological treatment systems. The final chapter discusses these techniques in detail and presents the state-of-the-art in this field and the opportunities these techniques offer to improve process performance.

A New Biology for the 21st Century

A New Biology for the 21st Century
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 112
Release: 2009-11-20
ISBN 10: 9780309147866
ISBN 13: 0309147867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A New Biology for the 21st Century Book Review:

Now more than ever, biology has the potential to contribute practical solutions to many of the major challenges confronting the United States and the world. A New Biology for the 21st Century recommends that a "New Biology" approach--one that depends on greater integration within biology, and closer collaboration with physical, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to find solutions to four key societal needs: sustainable food production, ecosystem restoration, optimized biofuel production, and improvement in human health. The approach calls for a coordinated effort to leverage resources across the federal, private, and academic sectors to help meet challenges and improve the return on life science research in general.

Waste Biorefineries Future Energy Green Products and Waste Treatment

Waste Biorefineries  Future Energy  Green Products and Waste Treatment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2019-09-24
ISBN 10: 2889459934
ISBN 13: 9782889459933
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste Biorefineries Future Energy Green Products and Waste Treatment Book Review:

Energy recovery from waste resources holds a significant role in the sustainable waste management hierarchy to support the concept of circular economies and to mitigate the challenges of waste originated problems of sanitation, environment, and public health. Today, waste disposal to landfills is the most widely used methodology, particularly in developing countries, because of limited budgets and lack of efficient infrastructure and facilities to maintain efficient and practical global standards. As a consequence, the dump-sites or non-sanitary landfills have become the significant sources of greenhouse gases emissions, soil and water contamination, unpleasant odors, leachate, and disease spreading vectors, flies, and rodents. However, waste can be utilized to produce a range of potential products such as energy, fuels and value-added products under waste biorefineries. A holistic and quantitative view, such as waste biorefinery, on waste management must be linked to the actual country, taking into account its socio-economic situation, local waste sources, and composition, as well as the available markets for the recovered energy and products. Therefore, it is critical to understand that solutions cannot be just copied from one region to the others. In fact, all waste handling, transportation, and treatment can represent a burden to the cities’ environment and macro and micro economics, except for the benefits obtained from recovered materials and energy. Equally significant is a clear and quantitative understanding of the industrial, and public potential of utilizing recovered materials and energy in the markets as these can be reached without exacerbating the environmental issues using excessive transport. The book explores new advancements and discoveries on the development of emerging waste-to-energy technologies, practical implementation, and lessons learned from sustainable wastemanagement practices under waste biorefinery concept, which will accelerate the growth of circular economies in the world. The articles presented in this book have been written by expert researchers and academics working in institutions at different countries across the world including Germany, Greece, Japan, South Korea, China, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Iran, and India. The research articles have been arranged into three main subject categories; 1) Resource recovery from waste, 2) Waste to energy technologies and 3) Waste biorefineries. This book will serve as an important resource for research students, academics, industry, policy makers, and government agencies working in the field of integrated waste management, energy and resource recovery, waste to energy technologies, waste biorefineries etc. The editorial team of this book is very grateful to all the authors for their excellent contributions and making the book successful.

Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering

Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering
Author: R. Navanietha Krishnaraj,Rajesh K. Sani
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2019-09-02
ISBN 10: 1119538564
ISBN 13: 9781119538561
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering Book Review:

An introduction to the fundamental concepts and rules in bioelectrochemistry and explores latest advancements in the field Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering offers a guide to this burgeoning interdisciplinary field. The authors—noted experts on the topic—present a detailed explanation of the field’s basic concepts, provide a fundamental understanding of the principle of electrocatalysis, electrochemical activity of the electroactive microorganisms, and mechanisms of electron transfer at electrode-electrolyte interfaces. They also explore the design and development of bioelectrochemical systems. The authors review recent advances in the field including: the development of new bioelectrochemical configurations, new electrode materials, electrode functionalization strategies, and extremophilic electroactive microorganisms. These current developments hold the promise of powering the systems in remote locations such as deep sea and extra-terrestrial space as well as powering implantable energy devices and controlled drug delivery. This important book: • Explores the fundamental concepts and rules in bioelectrochemistry and details the latest advancements • Presents principles of electrocatalysis, electroactive microorganisms, types and mechanisms of electron transfer at electrode-electrolyte interfaces, electron transfer kinetics in bioelectrocatalysis, and more • Covers microbial electrochemical systems and discusses bioelectrosynthesis and biosensors, and bioelectrochemical wastewater treatment • Reviews microbial biosensor, microfluidic and lab-on-chip devices, flexible electronics, and paper and stretchable electrodes Written for researchers, technicians, and students in chemistry, biology, energy and environmental science, Bioelectrochemical Interface Engineering provides a strong foundation to this advanced field by presenting the core concepts, basic principles, and newest advances.

Microalgae Biotechnology for Development of Biofuel and Wastewater Treatment

Microalgae Biotechnology for Development of Biofuel and Wastewater Treatment
Author: Md. Asraful Alam,Zhongming Wang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 655
Release: 2019-04-30
ISBN 10: 9811322643
ISBN 13: 9789811322648
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microalgae Biotechnology for Development of Biofuel and Wastewater Treatment Book Review:

This book addresses microalgae, which represent a very promising biomass resource for wastewater treatment and producing biofuels. Accordingly, microalgae are also an expanding sector in biofuels and wastewater treatment, as can be seen in several high-profile start-ups from around the globe, including Solix Biofuels, Craig Venter’s Synthetic Genomics, PetroSun, Chevron Corporation, ENN Group etc. In addition, a number of recent studies and patent applications have confirmed the value of modern microalgae for biofuels production and wastewater treatment systems. However, substantial inconsistencies have been observed in terms of system boundaries, scope, the cultivation of microalgae and oil extraction systems, production costs and economic viability, cost-lowering components, etc. Moreover, the downstream technologies and core principles involved in liquid fuel extraction from microalgae cells are still in their early stages, and not always adequate for industrial production. Accordingly, multilateral co-operation between universities, research institutes, governments, stakeholders and researchers is called for in order to make microalgae biofuels economical. Responding to this challenge, the book begins with a general introduction to microalgae and the algae industry, and subsequently discusses all major aspects of microalgal biotechnology, from strain isolation and robust strain development, to biofuel development, refinement and wastewater treatment.