Biodiversity and Biomedicine

Biodiversity and Biomedicine
Author: Munir Ozturk,Dilfuza Egamberdieva,Milica Pešić
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2020-07-15
ISBN 10: 0128223707
ISBN 13: 9780128223703
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity and Biomedicine Book Review:

Biodiversity and Biomedicine: Our Future provides a new outlook on Earth’s animal, plant, and fungi species as vital sources for human health treatments. While there are over 10 million various species on the planet, only 2 million have been discovered and named. This book identifies modern ways to incorporate Earth’s species into biomedical practices and emphasizes the need for biodiversity conservation. Written by leading biodiversity and biomedical experts, the book begins with new insights on the benefits of biologically active compounds found in fungi and plants, including a chapter on the use of wild fruits as a treatment option. The book goes on to discuss the roles of animals, such as amphibians and reptiles, and how the threatened presence of these species must be reversed to conserve biodiversity. It also discusses marine organisms, including plants, animals, and microbes, as essential in contributing to human health. Biodiversity and Biomedicine: Our Future is a vital source for researchers and practitioners specializing in biodiversity and conservation studies. Students in natural medicine and biological conservation will also find this useful to learn of the world’s most bio-rich communities and the molecular diversity of various species. Presents new developments in documenting and identifying species for biodiversity conservation and ethical considerations for biodiversity research Examines biodiversity as an irreplaceable resource for biomedical breakthroughs using available species for medical research Discusses challenges and opportunities for biodiversity protection and research in biosphere reserves

Biodiversity and Human Health

Biodiversity and Human Health
Author: Francesca Grifo,Joshua Rosenthal
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 379
Release: 1997-02
ISBN 10: 9781559635004
ISBN 13: 1559635002
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity and Human Health Book Review:

Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity.

Biodiversity 101

Biodiversity 101
Author: Melina Laverty,Eleanor Sterling,Amelia Chiles,Georgina Cullman
Publsiher: ABC-CLIO
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2008-10-30
ISBN 10: 1573569844
ISBN 13: 9781573569842
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity 101 Book Review:

What should the average person know about science? Because science is so central to life in the 21st century, science educators and other leaders of the scientific community believe that it is essential that everyone understand the basic concepts of the most vital and far-reaching disciplines. Biodiversity 101 does exactly that. This accessible volume provides readers—whether students new to the field or just interested members of the lay public—with the essential ideas of the origins of humans using a minimum of jargon and mathematics. Concepts are introduced in a progressive order so that more complicated ideas build on simpler ones, and each is discussed in small, bite-sized segments so that they can be more easily understood.

Never Home Alone

Never Home Alone
Author: Rob Dunn
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2018-11-06
ISBN 10: 154164574X
ISBN 13: 9781541645745
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Never Home Alone Book Review:

A natural history of the wilderness in our homes, from the microbes in our showers to the crickets in our basements Even when the floors are sparkling clean and the house seems silent, our domestic domain is wild beyond imagination. In Never Home Alone, biologist Rob Dunn introduces us to the nearly 200,000 species living with us in our own homes, from the Egyptian meal moths in our cupboards and camel crickets in our basements to the lactobacillus lounging on our kitchen counters. You are not alone. Yet, as we obsess over sterilizing our homes and separating our spaces from nature, we are unwittingly cultivating an entirely new playground for evolution. These changes are reshaping the organisms that live with us -- prompting some to become more dangerous, while undermining those species that benefit our bodies or help us keep more threatening organisms at bay. No one who reads this engrossing, revelatory book will look at their homes in the same way again.

An Anthropology of Biomedicine

An Anthropology of Biomedicine
Author: Margaret Lock,Vinh-Kim Nguyen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2018-03-20
ISBN 10: 1119069130
ISBN 13: 9781119069133
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Anthropology of Biomedicine Book Review:

In this fully revised and updated second edition of An Anthropology of Biomedicine, authors Lock and Nguyen introduce biomedicine from an anthropological perspective, exploring the entanglement of material bodies with history, environment, culture, and politics. Drawing on historical and ethnographic work, the book critiques the assumption made by the biological sciences of a universal human body that can be uniformly standardized. It focuses on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies brings about radical changes to societies at large based on socioeconomic inequalities and ethical disputes, and develops and integrates the theory that the human body in health and illness is not an ontological given but a moveable, malleable entity. This second edition includes new chapters on: microbiology and the microbiome; global health; and, the self as a socio-technical system. In addition, all chapters have been comprehensively revised to take account of developments from within this fast-paced field, in the intervening years between publications. References and figures have also been updated throughout. This highly-regarded and award-winning textbook (Winner of the 2010 Prose Award for Archaeology and Anthropology) retains the character and features of the previous edition. Its coverage remains broad, including discussion of: biomedical technologies in practice; anthropologies of medicine; biology and human experiments; infertility and assisted reproduction; genomics, epigenomics, and uncertain futures; and molecularizing racial difference, ensuring it remains the essential text for students of anthropology, medical anthropology as well as public and global health.

Biodiversity and Health

Biodiversity and Health
Author: Serge Morand,Claire Lajaunie
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2017-11-27
ISBN 10: 0081011679
ISBN 13: 9780081011676
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity and Health Book Review:

There is a gap between the ecology of health and the concepts supported by international initiatives such as EcoHealth, One Health or Planetary Health; a gap which this book aims to fill. Global change is accelerated by problems of growing population, industrialization and geopolitics, and the world’s biodiversity is suffering as a result, which impacts both humans and animals. However, Biodiversity and Health offers the unique opportunity to demonstrate how ecological, environmental, medical and social sciences can contribute to the improvement of human health and wellbeing through the conservation of biodiversity and the services it brings to societies. This book gives an expansive and integrated overview of the scientific disciplines that contribute to the connection between health and biodiversity, from the evolutionary ecology of infectious and non-infectious diseases to ethics, law and politics. Presents the first book to give a broad and integrated overview of the scientific disciplines that contribute to health From evolutionary ecology, to laws and policies, this book explores the links between health and biodiversity Demonstrates how ecological sciences, environmental sciences, medical sciences, and social sciences may contribute to improve human health

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development
Author: Ahmed M. Abdel-Azeem
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 823
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030856038
ISBN 13: 9783030856038
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development Book Review:

Fungi are an essential, fascinating and biotechnologically useful group of organisms with an incredible biotechnological potential for industrial exploitation. Knowledge of the world's fungal diversity and its use is still incomplete and fragmented. There are many opportunities to accelerate the process of filling knowledge gaps in these areas. The worldwide interest of the current era is to increase the tendency to use natural substances instead of synthetic ones. The increasing urge in society for natural ingredients has compelled biotechnologists to explore novel bioresources which can be exploited in industrial sector. Fungi, due to their unique attributes and broad range of their biological activities hold great promises for their application in biotechnology and industry. Fungi are an efficient source of antioxidants, enzymes, pigments, and many other secondary metabolites. The large scale production of fungal pigments and their utility provides natural coloration without creating harmful effects on entering the environment, a safer alternative use to synthetic colorants. The fungal enzymes can be exploited in wide range of industries such as food, detergent, paper, and also for removal toxic waste. This book will serve as valuable source of information as well as will provide new directions to researchers to conduct novel research in field of mycology. Volume 2 of "Industrially Important Fungi for Sustainable Development" provides an overview to understanding bioprospecting of fungal biomolecules and their industrial application for future sustainability. It encompasses current advanced knowledge of fungal communities and their potential biotechnological applications in industry and allied sectors. The book will be useful to scientists, researchers, and students of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, and environmental biology.

From Monsoons to Microbes

From Monsoons to Microbes
Author: Committee on the Ocean's Role in Human Health,National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 159
Release: 1999-05-19
ISBN 10: 0309519829
ISBN 13: 9780309519823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Monsoons to Microbes Book Review:

What can sharks teach us about our immune system? What can horseshoe crabs show us about eyesight? The more we learn about the ocean, the more we realize how critical these vast bodies of water are to our health and well-being. Sometimes the ocean helps us, as when a marine organism yields a new medical treatment. At other times, the ocean poses the threat of coastal storm surges or toxic algal blooms. From Monsoons to Microbes offers a deeper look into the oceans that surround us, often nurturing yet sometimes harming humankind. This book explores the links among physical oceanography, public health, epidemiology, marine biology, and medicine in understanding what the ocean has to offer. It will help readers grasp such important points as: How the ocean's sweeping physical processes create long-term phenomena such as El Nino and short-term disastrous events such as tsunamis--including what communities can do to prepare. What medicines and nutritional products have come from the ocean and what the prospects are for more such discoveries. How estuaries work--where salt and fresh water meet--and what can go wrong, as in the 7,000 square mile "dead zone" at the out-flow of the Mississippi River. How the growing demand for seafood and the expansion of ocean-going transport has increased our exposure to infectious agents--and how these agents can be tracked down and fought. Why "red tides" of toxic algae suddenly appear in previously unaffected coastal areas, and what happens when algal toxins find their way into our food supply or the air we breathe. The book recommends ways we can implement exciting new technologies to monitor the physics, chemistry, and biology of the ocean to recognize change as it happens. From the impact of worldwide atmospheric warming to the significance of exotic bacteria from submarine hydrothermal vents, the ocean has many depths left to explore.

Psychrophiles From Biodiversity to Biotechnology

Psychrophiles  From Biodiversity to Biotechnology
Author: Rosa Margesin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 685
Release: 2017-06-22
ISBN 10: 3319570579
ISBN 13: 9783319570570
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychrophiles From Biodiversity to Biotechnology Book Review:

Cold adaptation includes a complex range of structural and functional adaptations at the level of all cellular constituents, and these adaptations render cold-adapted organisms particularly useful for biotechnological applications. This book presents the most recent knowledge of (i) boundary conditions for microbial life in the cold, (ii) microbial diversity in various cold ecosystems, (iii) molecular cold adaptation mechanisms and (iv) the resulting biotechnological perspectives.

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 380
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: PSU:000066191131
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Book Review:

Conserving Biodiversity

Conserving Biodiversity
Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Office of International Affairs,Panel on Biodiversity Research Priorities
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 140
Release: 1992-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309046831
ISBN 13: 9780309046831
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conserving Biodiversity Book Review:

The loss of the earth's biological diversity is widely recognized as a critical environmental problem. That loss is most severe in developing countries, where the conditions of human existence are most difficult. Conserving Biodiversity presents an agenda for research that can provide information to formulate policy and design conservation programs in the Third World. The book includes discussions of research needs in the biological sciences as well as economics and anthropology, areas of critical importance to conservation and sustainable development. Although specifically directed toward development agencies, non-governmental organizations, and decisionmakers in developing nations, this volume should be of interest to all who are involved in the conservation of biological diversity.

Conservation Medicine

Conservation Medicine
Author: A. Alonso Aguirre
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 0195150937
ISBN 13: 9780195150933
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation Medicine Book Review:

Conservation medicine is an emerging discipline, focussing on the intersection of ecosystem health, animal health, and human health. Work in the biomedical and veterinary sciences is now being folded into conservation biology; to explore the connections between animal and human health; trace the environmental sources of pathogens and pollutants; develop an understanding of the ecological causes of changes in human and animal health; and understand the consequences of diseases to populations and ecological communities. Conservation Medicine defines this new discipline. It examines ecological health issues from various standpoints, including the emergence and resurgence of infectious disease agents; the increasing impacts of toxic chemicals and hazardous substances; and the health implications of habitat fragmentation and degradation and loss of biodiversity. It will provide a framework to examine the connections between the health of the planet and the health of all species and challenge practitioners and students in the health sciences and natural sciences to think about new, collaborative ways to address ecological health concerns.

Green Infrastructure and Public Health

Green Infrastructure and Public Health
Author: Christopher Coutts
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2016-02-05
ISBN 10: 1317298578
ISBN 13: 9781317298571
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Infrastructure and Public Health Book Review:

There is a growing body of knowledge revealing a sweeping array of connections between public health and green infrastructure – but not until now have the links between them been brought together in one comprehensive book. Green Infrastructure and Public Health provides an overview of current research and theories of the ecological relationships and mechanisms by which the environment influences human health and health behaviour. Covering a broad spectrum of contemporary understanding, Coutts outlines: public health models that explicitly promote the importance of the environment to health ways in which the quality of the landscape is tied to health challenges of maintaining viable landscapes amidst a rapidly changing global environment This book presents the case for fundamental human dependence on the natural environment and creates a bridge between contemporary science on the structure and form of a healthy landscape and the myriad ways that a healthy landscape supports healthy human beings. It presents ideal reading for students and practitioners of landscape architecture, urban design, planning, and health studies.

Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources

Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources
Author: Jayanta Kumar Patra,Rashmi Ranjan Mishra,Hrudayanath Thatoi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2020-04-17
ISBN 10: 0128223820
ISBN 13: 9780128223826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources Book Review:

Mangroves are typically tropical coastal ecosystems found in the inter-tidal zones of river deltas and back water areas. They represent highly dynamic and fragile ecosystems, yet they are the most productive and biologically diversified habitats of various life forms including plants, animals and microorganisms. Mangroves are a resource of many different products, including; microorganisms that harbor a diverse group of industrially important enzymes, antibiotics, therapeutic proteins and vaccines; timber resistant to rot and insects; and medicinal plants. Divided into three main parts, Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources first provides a broad introduction into mangrove ecology. Subsequent chapters discuss the biodiversity of mangroves, including the diverse nature of the organisms within the mangroves themselves. The final part pays special attention to biotechnological utilization of mangroves. Topics such as antimicrobial activity of mangrove-derived products, anti-oxidant activity of mangrove derived products and pharmaceutical applications, are covered in detail. Biotechnological Utilization of Mangrove Resources brings the latest research and technologies in mangrove biology into one platform, providing readers with an up-to-date view on the area. This would serve as an excellent reference book for researchers and students in the field of marine biology especially interested in mangrove ecosystems. Highlights the diversity of different life forms in the mangrove ecosystem, including the importance of mangroves and mangrove-derived products. Focuses on biotechnological utilization of mangrove resources such as antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of microorganisms, and industrial and pharmaceutical applications Discusses the different modern tools and techniques used for the study of mangrove resources

Biomedicine biotechnology and biodiversity

Biomedicine  biotechnology  and biodiversity
Author: American Association for the Advancement of Science. National Meeting
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 45
Release: 1995
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:36384552
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedicine biotechnology and biodiversity Book Review:

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology
Author: Palmiro Poltronieri,Natalija Burbulis,Corrado Fogher
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2013-08-31
ISBN 10: 1908818476
ISBN 13: 9781908818478
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology Book Review:

With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Emanations from the Rainforest

Emanations from the Rainforest
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 72
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924101435604
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emanations from the Rainforest Book Review:

Servicewide Benefits sharing

Servicewide Benefits sharing
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: NWU:35556036803708
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Servicewide Benefits sharing Book Review:

World Without Fish

World Without Fish
Author: Mark Kurlansky
Publsiher: Workman Publishing Company
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2018-06-15
ISBN 10: 1523507098
ISBN 13: 9781523507092
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Without Fish Book Review:

A KID’S GUIDE TO THE OCEAN "Can you imagine a world without fish? It's not as crazy as it sounds. But if we keep doing things the way we've been doing things, fish could become extinct within fifty years. So let's change the way we do things!" World Without Fish is the uniquely illustrated narrative nonfiction account—for kids—of what is happening to the world’s oceans and what they can do about it. Written by Mark Kurlansky, author of Cod, Salt, The Big Oyster, and many other books, World Without Fish has been praised as “urgent” (Publishers Weekly) and “a wonderfully fast-paced and engaging primer on the key questions surrounding fish and the sea” (Paul Greenberg, author of Four Fish). It has also been included in the New York State Expeditionary Learning English Language Arts Curriculum. Written by a master storyteller, World Without Fish connects all the dots—biology, economics, evolution, politics, climate, history, culture, food, and nutrition—in a way that kids can really understand. It describes how the fish we most commonly eat, including tuna, salmon, cod, swordfish—even anchovies— could disappear within fifty years, and the domino effect it would have: the oceans teeming with jellyfish and turning pinkish orange from algal blooms, the seabirds disappearing, then reptiles, then mammals. It describes the back-and-forth dynamic of fishermen, who are the original environmentalists, and scientists, who not that long ago considered fish an endless resource. It explains why fish farming is not the answer—and why sustainable fishing is, and how to help return the oceans to their natural ecological balance. Interwoven with the book is a twelve-page graphic novel. Each beautifully illustrated chapter opener links to the next to form a larger fictional story that perfectly complements the text.

A Comprehensive Field Guide to Medicinal Plant Biodiversity of Myanmar and Mauritius

A Comprehensive Field Guide to Medicinal Plant Biodiversity of Myanmar and Mauritius
Author: D. K. Semwal,Ruchi B. Semwal
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2020-05-23
ISBN 10: 9781536174250
ISBN 13: 1536174254
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Comprehensive Field Guide to Medicinal Plant Biodiversity of Myanmar and Mauritius Book Review:

The present book titled "A Comprehensive Field Guide to Medicinal Plant Biodiversity of Myanmar and Mauritius" is based on the preliminary survey of medicinal plants of Myanmar and Mauritius under the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) Programme of Govt. of India. The present study and survey tours reveal the identification of more than six hundred medicinal plants found in the forest areas, nearby population areas and also in the botanical gardens. In addition to the compilation of the plants species, the information about their medicinal values and other important uses has also been obtained from locals. The information gathered during the survey included Ayurvedic plants found in these areas, possibility of propagation of the plants in the gardens, indigenous remedies and the traditional claims, guidelines for pharmaceutical assessment, product information for drug standardization, classification and preparation of drugs, manufacturing of drugs in Pharmacies and Drugs and Cosmetics Act, etc. The present text book is divided into five chapters, in which the first chapter is based on the background of Myanmar including its people, tradition, agriculture, and other useful information. The second chapter covered general information about Mauritius Island with major emphasis on the traditional medicinal system of the country and its trade. The details of about 500 plants are given in chapters 3-5. Chapter 3 covers medicinal plants found in Myanmar but not in Mauritius whereas Chapter 4 is comprised of the medicinal plants of Mauritius, which are not found in Myanmar. All the common plants, which are often found in both the countries, have been described in Chapter 5. The vernacular name, taxonomy, occurrence, phytochemistry, traditional and biological importance of each plant is described in a concise way. In addition, photographs of selected plants are also given in a separate section. This text book can be used as a field guide during the survey of medicinal plants. We hope that this information in the form of a book will certainly be beneficial to readers, especially to students of plant science and other relevant subjects.