Automotive Plastics and Composites

Automotive Plastics and Composites
Author: Joseph P. Greene
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2021-06-23
ISBN 10: 0128182407
ISBN 13: 9780128182406
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Automotive Plastics and Composites Book Review:

Automotive Plastics and Composites: Materials and Processing is an essential guide to the use of plastic and polymer composites in automotive applications, whether in the exterior, interior, under-the-hood, or powertrain, with a focus on materials, properties, and processing. The book begins by introducing plastics and polymers for the automotive industry, discussing polymer materials and structures, mechanical, chemical, and physical properties, rheology, and flow analysis. In the second part of the book, each chapter is dedicated to a category of material, and considers the manufacture, processing, properties, shrinkage, and possible applications, in each case. Two chapters on polymer processing provide detailed information on both closed-mold and open-mold processing. The final chapters explain other key aspects, such as recycling and sustainability, design principles, tooling, and future trends. This book is an ideal reference for plastics engineers, product designers, technicians, scientists, and R&D professionals who are looking to develop materials, components, or products for automotive applications. The book also intends to guide researchers, scientists, and advanced students in plastics engineering, polymer processing, and materials science and engineering. Analyzes mechanical, chemical, physical, and thermal properties, enabling the reader to select the appropriate material for specific applications Explains polymer processing, with thorough coverage of operations across both closed-mold and open-mold processing Provides systematic coverage of materials, including commodity and engineering thermoplastics, bio-based plastics, thermosets, composites, elastomeric polymers, and 3D-printed plastics

Composites for Automotive Applications

Composites for Automotive Applications
Author: C. D. Rudd
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 9781859572658
ISBN 13: 1859572650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Composites for Automotive Applications Book Review:

Various factors in the automotive sector have combined to create a favourable climate for the development of materials and fabrication techniques for polymer-based composite body panels and structures. The cond104 in which composites are used within the automotive industry has been reviewed in this report and those materials and processes that are used in the fabrication of components and structures are described in detail. For this reason, this report is essential reading for the composites, plastics industries and the land transport/automotive sectors. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications
Author: S.M. Sapuan Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2020-11-24
ISBN 10: 0128209232
ISBN 13: 9780128209233
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications Book Review:

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications provides a detailed review of advanced macro and nanocomposite materials and structures, and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically for automotive applications. This book covers materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes are reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials and new research pathways where composites can be derived from agricultural waste in the future, as well as the development and performance of hybrid composites. The book is an essential reference resource for those researching materials development and industrial design engineers who need a detailed understanding of materials usage in transport structures. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of composite products in automotive applications is also discussed, and the effect of different fiber orientation on crash performance. Synthetic/natural fiber composites for aircraft engine fire-designated zones are linked to automotive applications. Additional chapters include the application and use of magnesium composites compared to biocomposites in the automotive industry; autonomous inspection and repair of aircraft composite structures via vortex robot technology and its application in automotive applications; composites in a three-wheeler (tuk tuk); and thermal properties of composites in automotive applications. Covers advanced macro and nanocomposites used in automotive structures Emphasizes materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques Features case studies of successful applications of biocomposites in automotive structures

Biocomposites in Automotive Applications

Biocomposites in Automotive Applications
Author: Srikanth Pilla,Y. Charles Lu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 131
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 9780768081480
ISBN 13: 0768081483
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biocomposites in Automotive Applications Book Review:

The automotive sector has taken a keen interest in lightweighting as new required performance standards for fuel economy come into place. This strategy includes parts consolidation, design optimization, and material substitution, with sustainable polymers playing a major role in reducing a vehicle's weight. Sustainable polymers are largely biodegradable, biocompatible, and sourced from renewable plant and agricultural stocks. A facile way to enhance their properties, so they can indeed replace the ones made from fossil fuels, is by reinforcing them with fibers to make composites. Natural fibers are gaining more acceptance in the industry due to their renewable nature, low cost, low density, low energy consumption, high specific strength and stiffness, CO2 sequestration potential, biodegradability, and less wear imposed on machinery. Biocomposites then become a very feasible way to help address the fuel consumption challenge ahead of us. This book, entitled Biocomposites in Automotive Applications, is segmented into three sections and includes eleven hand-picked technical papers covering: Processing and characterization of biocomposites Automotive applications of biocomposites A perspective on automotive sustainability It is a must read for those interested in the growing importance of composites used in automotive applications and their impact on sustainable mobility.

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering
Author: Jason Rowe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-02-21
ISBN 10: 0857095463
ISBN 13: 9780857095466
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering Book Review:

The automotive industry is under constant pressure to design vehicles capable of meeting increasingly demanding challenges such as improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective emission control. Drawing on the knowledge of leading experts, Advanced materials in automotive engineering explores the development, potential and impact of using such materials. Beginning with a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications, Advanced materials in automotive engineering goes on to consider nanostructured steel for automotive body structures, aluminium sheet and high pressure die-cast aluminium alloys for automotive applications, magnesium alloys for lightweight powertrains and automotive bodies, and polymer and composite moulding technologies. The final chapters then consider a range of design and manufacturing issues that need to be addressed when working with advanced materials, including the design of advanced automotive body structures and closures, technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, joining systems, and the recycling of automotive materials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Advanced materials in automotive engineering is an invaluable guide for all those involved in the engineering, design or analysis of motor vehicle bodies and components, as well as all students of automotive design and engineering. Explores the development, potential and impact of using advanced materials for improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective mission control in the automotive industry Provides a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications Covers a range of design ideas and manufacturing issues that arise when working with advanced materials, including technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, and the recycling of automotive materials

Plastics in the Environment

Plastics in the Environment
Author: Alessio Gomiero
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 106
Release: 2019-05-15
ISBN 10: 1838804927
ISBN 13: 9781838804923
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics in the Environment Book Review:

Plastics in the Environment is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of plastic pollution and how it is affecting the environment. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts by international authors on the trending topic of plastics in the environment and opens new possible research paths for further novel developments.

An Introduction to Automotive Composites

An Introduction to Automotive Composites
Author: Nick Tucker,Kevin Lindsey
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2002-01-01
ISBN 10: 1859572790
ISBN 13: 9781859572795
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Automotive Composites Book Review:

This book is an upb306d and expanded version of the course notes for the Composite Awareness course run by the Warwick Manufacturing Group in 1998-1999. The book gives readers an appreciation of composites, materials properties, manufacturing technologies and the wider implications of using composites in the automotive sector. It will be useful for those already working with composites in automotive applications and for those who are considering using them in the future.

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites
Author: Md Rezaur Rahman
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2020-09-02
ISBN 10: 0128203420
ISBN 13: 9780128203422
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites Book Review:

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites reviews recent scientific findings on the production and use of sustainable polymers and composites as innovative new materials. The book discusses the importance of sustainable polymers in terms of current practices and how to address environmental and economic issues. Attention is focused on the physical, chemical and electrical properties of these composites. The book also looks at the lifecycle of both single and hybrid polymers and nanocomposites, with chapters covering the latest research findings on sustainable polymer composites with various filler loadings and their improvement on compatibility. From the viewpoint of polymer composites, this book covers not only well-known sustainable future trends in sustainable polymers and composites, but also advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers that achieve better physical and mechanical results. Features advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers Emphasizes the modeling and prediction of thermal, rheological and mechanical behavior Covers various types of fillers and different reinforcement agents Focuses on all aspects of fabrication, characterization and applications Addresses sustainability approaches and solutions

Handbook of Polymer Composites for Engineers

Handbook of Polymer Composites for Engineers
Author: L C Hollaway
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 352
Release: 1994-01-15
ISBN 10: 9781855731295
ISBN 13: 1855731290
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Polymer Composites for Engineers Book Review:

Tables, Schematics, Photographs Extensive reference data is provided in tables. Diagrams and flow charts illustrate designs, design procedure and manufacturing methods. Photographs illustrate components and structures. Here is a small sampling of this material. Tables: Typical properties of fully cured cast polyester resins Typical properties of cast flexibilised . . . polyester resin Typical properties of fully cured cast epoxy resin Typical measured mechanical properties of composite materials compared with steel and aluminium alloy Details of each layer and predicted properties for a specific laminate Physical properties, occupation exposure limits and health hazards for polyester resins based on various monomers Composites process data sheet: filament winding Composites process data sheet: cold press moulding Design data for typical polymer composite material Schematics: Filament winding Cold press Pultrusion Design process for composite structures Comparative weights of sandwich structure with varying cores and skin reinforcing-resin systems

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites
Author: Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-01-19
ISBN 10: 0857095323
ISBN 13: 9780857095329
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites Book Review:

Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Polymer Composites

Polymer Composites
Author: Klaus Friedrich,Stoyko Fakirov,Zhong Zhang
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2005-12-06
ISBN 10: 038726213X
ISBN 13: 9780387262130
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Composites Book Review:

The use of polymer composites in various engineering applications has become state of the art. This multi-author volume provides a useful summary of updated knowledge on polymer composites in general, practically integrating experimental studies, theoretical analyses and computational modeling at different scales, i. e. , from nano- to macroscale. Detailed consideration is given to four major areas: structure and properties of polymer nanocomposites, characterization and modeling, processing and application of macrocomposites, and mechanical performance of macrocomposites. The idea to organize this volume arose from a very impressive workshop - The First International Workshop on Polymers and Composites at IVW Kaiserslautern: Invited Humboldt-Fellows and Distinguished Scientists, which was held on May 22-24,2003 at the University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. The contributing authors were invited to incorporate updated knowledge and developments into their individual chapters within a year after the workshop, which finally led to these excellent contributions. The success of this workshop was mainly sponsored by the German Alexander von Humboldt Foundation through a Sofia Kovalevskaja Award Program, financed by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research within the "Investment in the Future Program" of the German Government. In 2001, the Humboldt Foundation launched this new award program in order to offer outstanding young researchers throughout the world an opportunity to establish their own work-groups and to develop innovative research concepts virtually in Germany. One of the editors, Z.

Polymer Based Composites

Polymer Based Composites
Author: V. Arumugaprabu,R. Deepak Joel Johnson,M. Uthayakumar,P. Sivaranjana
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2021-08-23
ISBN 10: 1000433099
ISBN 13: 9781000433098
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Based Composites Book Review:

The increasing use of composite materials over conventional materials has been a continual trend for over a decade. While the fundamental understanding of fiber reinforcement has not changed, many new material advancements have occurred, especially in manufacturing methods, and there is an ever-growing number of composite material applications across various industries. Polymer-Based Composites: Design, Manufacturing, and Applications presents the concepts and methods involved in the development of various fiber-reinforced composite materials. Features: Offers a comprehensive view of materials, mechanics, processing, design, and applications Bridges the gap between research, manufacturing science, and analysis and design Discusses composite materials composed of continuous synthetic fibers and matrices for use in engineering structures Presents codes and standards related to fiber-reinforced polymer composites Includes case studies and examples based on industrial, automotive, aerospace, and household applications This book is a valuable resource for advanced students, researchers, and industry personnel to understand recent advances in the field and achieve practical results in the development, manufacture, and application of advanced composite materials.

Automotive Application of Polymers II

Automotive Application of Polymers II
Author: A.N.A. Elliott
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 94
Release: 1991-12
ISBN 10: 9780080417455
ISBN 13: 0080417450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Automotive Application of Polymers II Book Review:

This Rapra Review Report looks at the major applications of polymers in automotives, (excluding tyres), and describes the reasons behind their adoption and development, with many examples drawn from the European, US and Japanese car industries. The review and the 395 abstracts provided from the Rapra Polymer Library database refer primarily to developments since 1987.

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites
Author: Klaus Friedrich,Ulf Breuer
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 996
Release: 2015-05-21
ISBN 10: 0323265030
ISBN 13: 9780323265034
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites Book Review:

Multi-Functionality of Polymer Composites: Challenges and New Solutions brings together contributions from experts in the field of multifunctionality, presenting state-of-the-art discussion of this exciting and rapidly developing field, thus key enabling technologies for future applications. The text will enable engineers and materials scientists to achieve multifunctionality in their own products using different types of polymer matrices and various nano- and micro-sized fillers and reinforcements, including, but not limited to, carbon nanotubes and graphene. In addition, technologies for the integration of active materials such as shape memory alloys are discussed. The latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, medical engineering, and future trends are discussed, making this book an essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area. Provides information on composites and their inherent engineering advantages over traditional materials. Presents state-of-the-art information on this exciting and rapidly developing field, enabling engineers and materials scientists to achieve multi-functionality in their own products. Includes the latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, and medical engineering. An essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area.

Wood Polymer Composites

Wood Polymer Composites
Author: K O Niska,M. Sain
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2008-05-29
ISBN 10: 1845694570
ISBN 13: 9781845694579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wood Polymer Composites Book Review:

Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerised in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites is a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials. Provides a comprehensive survey of major new developments in wood-polymer composites Reviews the key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials and manufacturing technologies Discusses properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications
Author: Omar Faruk,Jimi Tjong,Mohini Sain
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 497
Release: 2017-06-01
ISBN 10: 1351649000
ISBN 13: 9781351649001
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications Book Review:

Automotive manufacturers are required to decrease CO2 emissions and increase fuel economy while assuring driver comfort and safety. In recent years, there has been rapid development in the application of lightweight and sustainable materials in the automotive industry to help meet these criteria. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results of various lightweight and sustainable materials in automotive applications. It discusses current applications and future trends of lightweight materials in the automotive area. While there are a few books published mainly focusing on automotive applications of metallic lightweight materials, to date there is no available book focusing on a broad spectrum of lightweight materials, including metal, plastic, composites, bio-fiber, bio-polymer, carbon fiber, glass fiber, nanomaterials, rubber materials, and foaming materials, as this work does. The book also includes case studies of commercial lightweight automotive parts from sustainable lightweight materials, providing an invaluable resource to those involved in this in-demand research and commercialization area.

Bio Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites

Bio Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites
Author: Samy Madbouly,Chaoqun Zhang,Michael R. Kessler
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2015-08-27
ISBN 10: 0323371280
ISBN 13: 9780323371285
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio Based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites Book Review:

Bio-based Plant Oil Polymers and Composites provides engineers and materials scientists a useful framework to help take advantage of the latest research conducted in this rapidly advancing field—enabling them to develop and commercialize their own products quickly and more successfully. Plant oil is one of the most attractive options as a substitute for non-renewable resources in polymers and composites, and is producing materials with very promising thermomechanical properties relative to traditional, petroleum-based polymers. In addition to critical processing and characterization information, the book assists engineers in deciding whether or not they should use a plant oil-based polymer over a petroleum-based polymer, discussing sustainability concerns, biodegradability, associated costs, and recommended applications. The book details the advancements in the development of polymeric materials and composites from plant oils, and provides a critical review of current applications in various fields, including packaging, biomedical, and automotive applications. Also includes the latest progress in developing multifunctional biobased polymers—by increasing thermal conductivity or adding antibacterial properties, for example. Essential coverage of processing, characterization, and the latest research into polymeric materials and composites derived from plant oils (thermoplastics, thermosets, nanocomposites, and fiber reinforced composites) Critically reviews the potential applications of plant oil-based polymers, including sensors, structural parts, medical devices, and automotive interiors Includes the latest developments in multifunctional bio-based polymer composites

Green Composites for Automotive Applications

Green Composites for Automotive Applications
Author: Georgios Koronis,Arlindo Silva
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2018-11-10
ISBN 10: 008102178X
ISBN 13: 9780081021781
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Composites for Automotive Applications Book Review:

Green Composites for Automotive Applications presents cutting-edge, comprehensive reviews on the industrial applications of green composites. The book provides an elaborative assessment of both academic and industrial research on eco-design, durability issues, environmental performance, and future trends. Particular emphasis is placed on the processing and characterization of green composites, specific types of materials, such as thermoset and thermoplastic, nanocomposites, sandwich, and polymer biofoams. Additional sections cover lifecycle and risk analysis. As such, this book is an essential reference resource for R&D specialists working in materials science, automotive, chemical, and environmental engineering, as well as R&D managers in industry. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Deals with most important automotive aspects Provides a special section dedicated to lifecycle assessment

Mineral Filled Polymer Composites

Mineral Filled Polymer Composites
Author: Hanafi Ismail,S.M. Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2022-01-06
ISBN 10: 1000465233
ISBN 13: 9781000465235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mineral Filled Polymer Composites Book Review:

Mineral-filled polymer composites are increasingly used for various applications, including automotive, construction, biomedical, maritime, sport and ballistic, due to the advantages of low cost, light weight, excellent rigidity and high mechanical strength. One of two volumes comprising the Mineral-Filled Polymer Composites Handbook, this volume provides an overview of the latest research, trends, applications and future directions of advanced mineral fiber-reinforced polymer composites. It focuses specifically on material selection, processing and applications. This book: Emphasizes the principles governing the behavior of mineral-filled composite materials in the field of engineering and their applications Covers systematic material selection tools such as analytical hierarchy process (AHP), analytical network process (ANP), and technique of ranking preferences by similarity of the ideal solution (TOPSIS) Reviews the use of these materials for various engineering applications Features chapters looking at fabrication techniques and frictional properties Details current research in polymer nanocomposites and particulate polymer composites This book serves as an excellent reference guide for researchers, advanced students, academics and industry professionals interested in the synthesis of mineral-filled polymer and biopolymer composites, as well as those pursuing research in the broad fields of composite materials, polymers, organic/inorganic hybrid materials and nano-assembly.

The Cost of Automotive Polymer Composites

The Cost of Automotive Polymer Composites
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 47
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:68452448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cost of Automotive Polymer Composites Book Review:

Polymer composite materials have been a part of the automotive industry for several decades, with early application in the 1953 Corvette. These materials have been used for applications with low production volumes, because of their shortened lead times and lower investment costs relative to conventional steel fabrication. Important drivers of the growth of polymer composites have been the reduced weight and parts consolidation opportunities the material offers, as well as design flexibility, corrosion resistance, material anisotropy, and mechanical properties. Although these benefits are well recognized by the industry, polymer composite use has been dampened by high material costs, slow production rates, and to a lesser extent, concerns about recyclability. Also impeding large scale automotive applications is a curious mixture of concerns about material issues such as crash energy absorption, recycling challenges, competitive and cost pressures, the industry's general lack of experience and comfort with the material, and industry concerns about its own capabilities (Flynn and Belzowski 1995). Polymer composite materials are generally made of two or more material components--fibers, either glass or carbon, reinforced in the matrix of thermoset or thermoplastic polymer materials. The glass-reinforced thermoset composites are the most commonly used composite in automotive applications today, but thermoplastic composites and carbon fiber-reinforced thermosets also hold potential. It has been estimated that significant use of glass-reinforced polymers as structural components could yield a 20-35% reduction in vehicle weight. More importantly, the use of carbon fiber-reinforced materials could yield a 40-65% reduction in weight.