Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment
Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe,World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 196
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9789289013512
ISBN 13: 9289013516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment Book Review:

A guide to the principles and methods of air quality assessment aimed at measuring population exposure to ambient air pollutants and estimating the effects on health. Addressed to policy-makers as well as scientists engaged in air quality monitoring, the book responds to the failure of most monitoring systems to provide data that are useful in estimating and managing threats to health. The need for exposure data on populations at special risk is also addressed. Throughout, emphasis is placed on methods of monitoring and modelling that are cost-effective, targeted, and appropriate to local and national conditions. The report has six chapters. The first introduces WHO activities related to air quality management and explains the need for monitoring systems capable of assessing health impact. The types of information required for health impact assessment are described in chapter two, which outlines several methods of monitoring and modelling that can be used to measure the level and distribution of exposure to air pollutants in populations, identify population groups with high exposure, and estimate adverse effects on health. Chapter three formulates a general concept of air quality assessment, offering advice on principles for designing a monitoring network, interpreting and reporting data, and solving problems with quality assurance. Also included is a comparison of the advantages, disadvantages, and costs of different methods for air quality monitoring. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive chapter describes specific methods for the monitoring of carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, lead, and atmospheric cadmium. Monitoring strategies for each pollutant are presented according to a standard format, which covers health effects, sources and exposure patterns, monitoring methods, recommended strategies for monitoring and assessment, and a practical example. The remaining chapters offer advice on the collation, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data, and summarize the main conclusions and recommendations of the report. Detailed technical guidelines for the use of various methods and models are provided in a series of annexes. The report also reproduces the newly revised WHO air quality guidelines for Europe.

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health
Author: Lixin Li,Xiaolu Zhou,Weitian Tong
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-11-13
ISBN 10: 012816526X
ISBN 13: 9780128165263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health Book Review:

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health reviews, in detail, the tools needed to understand the spatial temporal distribution and trends of air pollution in the atmosphere, including how this information can be tied into the diverse amount of public health data available using accurate GIS techniques. By utilizing GIS to monitor, analyze and visualize air pollution problems, it has proven to not only be the most powerful, accurate and flexible way to understand the atmosphere, but also a great way to understand the impact air pollution has in diverse populations. This book is essential reading for novices and experts in atmospheric science, geography and any allied fields investigating air pollution. Introduces readers to the benefits and uses of geo-spatiotemporal analyses of big data to reveal new and greater understanding of the intersection of air pollution and health Ties in machine learning to improve speed and efficacy of data models Includes developing visualizations, historical data, and real-time air pollution in large geographic areas

WHO global air quality guidelines

WHO global air quality guidelines
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-07
ISBN 10: 9240034226
ISBN 13: 9789240034228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO global air quality guidelines Book Review:

The main objective of these updated global guidelines is to offer health-based air quality guideline levels, expressed as long-term or short-term concentrations for six key air pollutants: PM2.5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. In addition, the guidelines provide interim targets to guide reduction efforts of these pollutants, as well as good practice statements for the management of certain types of PM (i.e., black carbon/elemental carbon, ultrafine particles, particles originating from sand and duststorms). These guidelines are not legally binding standards; however, they provide WHO Member States with an evidence-informed tool, which they can use to inform legislation and policy. Ultimately, the goal of these guidelines is to help reduce levels of air pollutants in order to decrease the enormous health burden resulting from the exposure to air pollution worldwide.

Outdoor Air Pollution

Outdoor Air Pollution
Author: International Agency for Research on Cancer
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2016-07-05
ISBN 10: 9789283201472
ISBN 13: 9283201477
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Outdoor Air Pollution Book Review:

This volume of the IARC Monographs series provides an evaluation of the carcinogenicity of outdoor air pollution. Outdoor air pollution is a complex mixture of pollutants originating from natural and anthropogenic sources, including transportation, power generation, industrial activity, biomass burning, and domestic heating and cooking. The mix of pollutants in outdoor air varies widely in space and time, reflecting the diversity of sources and the influence of atmospheric processes. Commonly measured air pollutants include particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10), nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide; the concentration of particulate matter is often used as an indicator of pollution levels. Millions of people worldwide are exposed to outdoor air pollution at levels that substantially exceed existing health-based guidelines. This evaluation is the culmination of a series that has examined individual pollutants that are contained in the mixture of outdoor air. Related previous evaluations have been published in IARC Monographs Volumes 92, 93, 95, 100C, 100E, 103, and 105. An IARC Monographs Working Group reviewed epidemiological studies, animal cancer bioassays, and mechanistic data to assess the carcinogenic hazards of exposure to outdoor air pollution and particulate air pollution.

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution
Author: Jane Q. Koenig
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461545692
ISBN 13: 9781461545699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution Book Review:

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution provides the reader with an overview of the health effects of air pollution in human subjects. The majority of the book is devoted to the discussion of the health effects of common widespread air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through national ambient air quality standards. The book reviews the sources and fate of common air pollutants in ambient air and researches the adverse effects of these outdoor and indoor air pollutants in `in vivo' cell systems, animals, and humans. Research for the book was conducted in controlled laboratory studies and epidemiologic studies. Special emphasis throughout Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution is placed on the effects of air pollution in subjects with asthma.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCBK:C105261333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book Review:

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Author: Arthur C. Stern
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 483
Release: 2014-06-28
ISBN 10: 0080926053
ISBN 13: 9780080926056
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution Book Review:

Subjects extensively covered include asbestos, carbon dioxide, lead, nuclear accidents, non-ionizing radiation, stratospheric ozone, and visibility. Major topics discussed are: acidic deposition (acid rain); indoor air pollution; long range transport; risk assessment and management; hazardous and toxic substances. This state-of-the-art compilation will facilitate the work of air pollution control agency personnel, air pollution research scientists, and air pollution consultants. It will also be useful to law firms involved in air pollution litigation and to air pollution equipment and instrument manufacturers.

Air Quality Guidelines

Air Quality Guidelines
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9289021926
ISBN 13: 9789289021920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Quality Guidelines Book Review:

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - based on a recent review of the accumulated scientific evidence. The rationale for selection of each guideline value is supported by a synthesis of information emerging from research on the health effects of each pollutant. As a result, these guidelines now also apply globally. They can be read in conjunction with Air quality guidelines for Europe, 2nd edition, which is still the authority on guideline values for all other air pollutants. As well as revised guideline values, this book makes a brief yet comprehensive review of the issues affecting the application of the guidelines in risk assessment and policy development. Further, it summarizes information on: . pollution sources and levels in various parts of the world, . population exposure and characteristics affecting sensitivity to pollution, . methods for quantifying the health burden of air pollution, and . the use of guidelines in developing air quality standards and other policy tools. Finally, the special case of indoor air pollution is explored. Prepared by a large team of renowned international experts who considered conditions in various parts of the globe, these guidelines are applicable throughout the world. They provide reliable guidance for policy-makers everywhere when considering the various options for air quality management.

Asian Atmospheric Pollution

Asian Atmospheric Pollution
Author: Ramesh P. Singh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2021-08-31
ISBN 10: 0128166940
ISBN 13: 9780128166949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Asian Atmospheric Pollution Book Review:

Asian Atmospheric Pollution: Sources, Characteristics and Impacts provides a concise yet comprehensive treatment of all aspects of pollution and air quality monitoring, across all of Asia. It focuses on key regions of the world and details a variety of sources, their transport mechanism, long term variability and impacts on climate at local and regional scales. It also discusses the feedback on pollutants, on different meteorological parameters like radiative forcing, fog formations, precipitation, cloud characteristics and more. Drawing upon the expertise of multiple well-known authors from different countries to underline some of these key issues, it includes sections dedicated to treatment of pollutant sources, studying of pollutants and trace gases using satellite/station based observations and models, transport mechanisms, seasonal and inter-annual variability and impact on climate, health and biosphere in general. Asian Atmospheric Pollution: Sources, Characteristics and Impacts is a useful resource for scientists and students to understand the sources and dynamics of atmospheric pollution as well as their transport from one continent to other continents, helping the atmospheric modelling community to model different scenarios of the pollution, gauge its short term and long term impacts across regional to global scales and better understand the ramifications of episodic events. Covers all of Asia in detail in terms of pollution Focuses not only on local pollution, but on long-term transport of these pollutants and their impacts on other regions as well as the globe Includes discussion of both particulate matter and greenhouse gases Serves as a single resource on Asian air pollution and Impacts from the most current research across the globe including the US, Asia, Africa and Europe

Cleaning Pakistan s Air

Cleaning Pakistan   s Air
Author: Ernesto Sánchez-Triana,Santiago Enriquez,Javaid Afzal,Akiko Nakagawa,Asif Shuja Khan
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2014-06-26
ISBN 10: 146480236X
ISBN 13: 9781464802362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cleaning Pakistan s Air Book Review:

The extent of urban air pollution in Pakistan—South Asia's most urbanized country—is among the world’s most severe, significantly damaging human health, quality of life, and the economy and environment of Pakistan. The harm from Pakistan's urban air pollution is among the highest in South Asia, exceeding several high-profile causes of mortality and morbidity in Pakistan. Improved air quality management (AQM) in Pakistan can have notable economic and health benefits. For example, the estimated health benefits per dollar spent on cleaner diesel are approximately US $1–1.5 for light-duty diesel vehicles and US $1.5–2.4 for large buses and trucks. This report advocates that Pakistan allocate resources to AQM, because its air quality is severely affecting millions of Pakistanis, and because experiences around the world indicate that interventions can significantly improve air quality. This report details a broad spectrum of research on Pakistan’s AQM challenges, and identifies a comprehensive set of steps to improve air quality. The research presented here underpins the conclusions that addressing Pakistan's urban air pollution requires coordinated interventions to strengthen AQM, build agencies' institutional capacity, bolster AQM's legal and regulatory framework, implement policy reforms and investments, and fill knowledge gaps. However, Pakistan's policy makers face major obstacles, including limited financial, human, and technical resources, and can pursue only a few AQM interventions at the same time. In the short term, Pakistan's AQM should give highest priority to reducing pollutants linked to high morbidity and mortality: PM2.5 (and precursors like SOx and NOx) from mobile sources. A second-level short-term priority could be PM2.5, SOx, and emissions of toxic metals from stationary sources. An important medium-term priority should be mass transportation in major cities, controlling traffic, and restricting private cars during high-pollution episodes. A long-term priority could be taxing hydrocarbons, based on their contribution to greenhouse gases.

The Inside Story

The Inside Story
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 36
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015033336572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Inside Story Book Review:

Transportation and Air Quality

Transportation and Air Quality
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 30
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015075171572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation and Air Quality Book Review:

This session contains the following paper: Air quality impacts of a regional HOV system (Purvis, class).

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Author: Abhishek Tiwary,Ian Williams
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN 10: 1498719481
ISBN 13: 9781498719483
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution Book Review:

This established textbook offers a one-stop, comprehensive coverage of air pollution, all in an easy-reading and accessible style. The fourth edition, broadly updated and developed throughout, includes a brand-new chapter providing a broader overview to the topic for general reading, and presents fresh materials on air pollution modelling, mitigation and control, tailored to the needs of both amateur and specialist users. Retaining a quantitative perspective, the covered topics include: gaseous and particulate air pollutants, measurement techniques, meteorology and modelling, area sources, mobile sources, indoor air, effects on plants, materials, humans and animals, impact on climate change and ozone profiles and air quality legislations. This edition also includes a final chapter covering a suite of sampling and laboratory practical experiments that can be used for either classroom teachings, or as part of research projects. As with previous editions, the book is aimed to serve as a useful reading resource for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses specialising in air pollution, with dedicated case studies at the end of each chapter, as well as a list of revision questions provided at the end as a complementary section.

The Impact of Air Pollution on Health Economy Environment and Agricultural Sources

The Impact of Air Pollution on Health  Economy  Environment and Agricultural Sources
Author: Mohamed Khallaf
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2011-09-26
ISBN 10: 9533075287
ISBN 13: 9789533075280
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Impact of Air Pollution on Health Economy Environment and Agricultural Sources Book Review:

This book aims to strengthen the knowledge base dealing with Air Pollution. The book consists of 21 chapters dealing with Air Pollution and its effects in the fields of Health, Environment, Economy and Agricultural Sources. It is divided into four sections. The first one deals with effect of air pollution on health and human body organs. The second section includes the Impact of air pollution on plants and agricultural sources and methods of resistance. The third section includes environmental changes, geographic and climatic conditions due to air pollution. The fourth section includes case studies concerning of the impact of air pollution in the economy and development goals, such as, indoor air pollution in México, indoor air pollution and millennium development goals in Bangladesh, epidemiologic and economic impact of natural gas on indoor air pollution in Colombia and economic growth and air pollution in Iran during development programs. In this book the authors explain the definition of air pollution, the most important pollutants and their different sources and effects on humans and various fields of life. The authors offer different solutions to the problems resulting from air pollution.

Indoor Pollutants

Indoor Pollutants
Author: National Research Council,National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Indoor Pollutants,Assembly of Life Sciences (U.S.). Committee on Indoor Pollutants,National Research Council Staff,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards,Life Sciences Commission,Indoor Pollutants Committee,Division on Earth and Life Studies Staff
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 537
Release: 1981-01-01
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indoor Pollutants Book Review:

Discusses pollution from tobacco smoke, radon and radon progeny, asbestos and other fibers, formaldehyde, indoor combustion, aeropathogens and allergens, consumer products, moisture, microwave radiation, ultraviolet radiation, odors, radioactivity, and dirt and discusses means of controlling or eliminating them.

Air Pollution and Health

Air Pollution and Health
Author: Stephen T. Holgate,Hillel S. Koren,Jonathan M. Samet,Robert L. Maynard
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1065
Release: 1999-04-21
ISBN 10: 0080526926
ISBN 13: 9780080526928
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution and Health Book Review:

Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination. Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health. Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodies Brings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible format Contributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection

Air Quality Management in the United States

Air Quality Management in the United States
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2004-09-30
ISBN 10: 0309089328
ISBN 13: 9780309089326
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Quality Management in the United States Book Review:

Managing the nation’s air quality is a complex undertaking, involving tens of thousands of people in regulating thousands of pollution sources. The authors identify what has worked and what has not, and they offer wide-ranging recommendations for setting future priorities, making difficult choices, and increasing innovation. This new book explores how to better integrate scientific advances and new technologies into the air quality management system. The volume reviews the three-decade history of governmental efforts toward cleaner air, discussing how air quality standards are set and results measured, the design and implementation of control strategies, regulatory processes and procedures, special issues with mobile pollution sources, and more. The book looks at efforts to spur social and behavioral changes that affect air quality, the effectiveness of market-based instruments for air quality regulation, and many other aspects of the issue. Rich in technical detail, this book will be of interest to all those engaged in air quality management: scientists, engineers, industrial managers, law makers, regulators, health officials, clean-air advocates, and concerned citizens.

Air Pollution the Automobile and Public Health

Air Pollution  the Automobile  and Public Health
Author: Sponsored by The Health Effects Institute
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 704
Release: 1988-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309037263
ISBN 13: 9780309037266
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution the Automobile and Public Health Book Review:

"The combination of scientific and institutional integrity represented by this book is unusual. It should be a model for future endeavors to help quantify environmental risk as a basis for good decisionmaking."--William D. Ruckelshaus, from the foreword. This volume, prepared under the auspices of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research organization created and funded jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency and the automobile industry, brings together experts on atmospheric exposure and on the biological effects of toxic substances to examine what is known--and not known--about the human health risks of automotive emissions.

Urban Climates

Urban Climates
Author: T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-09-14
ISBN 10: 0521849500
ISBN 13: 9780521849500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climates Book Review:

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution
Author: Sics Editore
Publsiher: SICS Editore
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-10-01
ISBN 10: 8869309088
ISBN 13: 9788869309083
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution Book Review:

With the exception of malodorous sulphur compounds, adverse health effects of ambient air pollutants are experienced only in built-up areas where the most hazardous compounds are respirable particles and nitrogen dioxide.