Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment
Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe,World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 196
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9789289013512
ISBN 13: 9289013516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment Book Review:

A guide to the principles and methods of air quality assessment aimed at measuring population exposure to ambient air pollutants and estimating the effects on health. Addressed to policy-makers as well as scientists engaged in air quality monitoring, the book responds to the failure of most monitoring systems to provide data that are useful in estimating and managing threats to health. The need for exposure data on populations at special risk is also addressed. Throughout, emphasis is placed on methods of monitoring and modelling that are cost-effective, targeted, and appropriate to local and national conditions. The report has six chapters. The first introduces WHO activities related to air quality management and explains the need for monitoring systems capable of assessing health impact. The types of information required for health impact assessment are described in chapter two, which outlines several methods of monitoring and modelling that can be used to measure the level and distribution of exposure to air pollutants in populations, identify population groups with high exposure, and estimate adverse effects on health. Chapter three formulates a general concept of air quality assessment, offering advice on principles for designing a monitoring network, interpreting and reporting data, and solving problems with quality assurance. Also included is a comparison of the advantages, disadvantages, and costs of different methods for air quality monitoring. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive chapter describes specific methods for the monitoring of carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, lead, and atmospheric cadmium. Monitoring strategies for each pollutant are presented according to a standard format, which covers health effects, sources and exposure patterns, monitoring methods, recommended strategies for monitoring and assessment, and a practical example. The remaining chapters offer advice on the collation, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data, and summarize the main conclusions and recommendations of the report. Detailed technical guidelines for the use of various methods and models are provided in a series of annexes. The report also reproduces the newly revised WHO air quality guidelines for Europe.

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China
Author: Guang-Hui Dong
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2018-12-12
ISBN 10: 9789811354557
ISBN 13: 9811354553
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China Book Review:

This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health
Author: Lixin Li,Xiaolu Zhou,Weitian Tong
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-11-13
ISBN 10: 012816526X
ISBN 13: 9780128165263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health Book Review:

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health reviews, in detail, the tools needed to understand the spatial temporal distribution and trends of air pollution in the atmosphere, including how this information can be tied into the diverse amount of public health data available using accurate GIS techniques. By utilizing GIS to monitor, analyze and visualize air pollution problems, it has proven to not only be the most powerful, accurate and flexible way to understand the atmosphere, but also a great way to understand the impact air pollution has in diverse populations. This book is essential reading for novices and experts in atmospheric science, geography and any allied fields investigating air pollution. Introduces readers to the benefits and uses of geo-spatiotemporal analyses of big data to reveal new and greater understanding of the intersection of air pollution and health Ties in machine learning to improve speed and efficacy of data models Includes developing visualizations, historical data, and real-time air pollution in large geographic areas

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCBK:C105261333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book Review:

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

WHO global air quality guidelines

WHO global air quality guidelines
Author: Weltgesundheitsorganisation,World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 285
Release: 2021-09-07
ISBN 10: 9240034226
ISBN 13: 9789240034228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO global air quality guidelines Book Review:

The main objective of these updated global guidelines is to offer health-based air quality guideline levels, expressed as long-term or short-term concentrations for six key air pollutants: PM2.5, PM10, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. In addition, the guidelines provide interim targets to guide reduction efforts of these pollutants, as well as good practice statements for the management of certain types of PM (i.e., black carbon/elemental carbon, ultrafine particles, particles originating from sand and duststorms). These guidelines are not legally binding standards; however, they provide WHO Member States with an evidence-informed tool, which they can use to inform legislation and policy. Ultimately, the goal of these guidelines is to help reduce levels of air pollutants in order to decrease the enormous health burden resulting from the exposure to air pollution worldwide.

Air Quality Guidelines

Air Quality Guidelines
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9289021926
ISBN 13: 9789289021920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Quality Guidelines Book Review:

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - based on a recent review of the accumulated scientific evidence. The rationale for selection of each guideline value is supported by a synthesis of information emerging from research on the health effects of each pollutant. As a result, these guidelines now also apply globally. They can be read in conjunction with Air quality guidelines for Europe, 2nd edition, which is still the authority on guideline values for all other air pollutants. As well as revised guideline values, this book makes a brief yet comprehensive review of the issues affecting the application of the guidelines in risk assessment and policy development. Further, it summarizes information on: . pollution sources and levels in various parts of the world, . population exposure and characteristics affecting sensitivity to pollution, . methods for quantifying the health burden of air pollution, and . the use of guidelines in developing air quality standards and other policy tools. Finally, the special case of indoor air pollution is explored. Prepared by a large team of renowned international experts who considered conditions in various parts of the globe, these guidelines are applicable throughout the world. They provide reliable guidance for policy-makers everywhere when considering the various options for air quality management.

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution
Author: Jane Q. Koenig
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461545692
ISBN 13: 9781461545699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution Book Review:

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution provides the reader with an overview of the health effects of air pollution in human subjects. The majority of the book is devoted to the discussion of the health effects of common widespread air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through national ambient air quality standards. The book reviews the sources and fate of common air pollutants in ambient air and researches the adverse effects of these outdoor and indoor air pollutants in `in vivo' cell systems, animals, and humans. Research for the book was conducted in controlled laboratory studies and epidemiologic studies. Special emphasis throughout Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution is placed on the effects of air pollution in subjects with asthma.

Transportation and Air Quality

Transportation and Air Quality
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 40
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015075171572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation and Air Quality Book Review:

This session contains the following paper: Air quality impacts of a regional HOV system (Purvis, class).

Outdoor Air Pollution

Outdoor Air Pollution
Author: International Agency for Research on Cancer
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2016-07-05
ISBN 10: 9789283201472
ISBN 13: 9283201477
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Outdoor Air Pollution Book Review:

This volume of the IARC Monographs series provides an evaluation of the carcinogenicity of outdoor air pollution. Outdoor air pollution is a complex mixture of pollutants originating from natural and anthropogenic sources, including transportation, power generation, industrial activity, biomass burning, and domestic heating and cooking. The mix of pollutants in outdoor air varies widely in space and time, reflecting the diversity of sources and the influence of atmospheric processes. Commonly measured air pollutants include particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10), nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide; the concentration of particulate matter is often used as an indicator of pollution levels. Millions of people worldwide are exposed to outdoor air pollution at levels that substantially exceed existing health-based guidelines. This evaluation is the culmination of a series that has examined individual pollutants that are contained in the mixture of outdoor air. Related previous evaluations have been published in IARC Monographs Volumes 92, 93, 95, 100C, 100E, 103, and 105. An IARC Monographs Working Group reviewed epidemiological studies, animal cancer bioassays, and mechanistic data to assess the carcinogenic hazards of exposure to outdoor air pollution and particulate air pollution.

Air Pollution and Health

Air Pollution and Health
Author: Stephen T. Holgate,Hillel S. Koren,Jonathan M. Samet,Robert L. Maynard
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1065
Release: 1999-04-21
ISBN 10: 0080526926
ISBN 13: 9780080526928
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution and Health Book Review:

Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination. Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health. Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodies Brings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible format Contributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection

Cleaning Pakistan s Air

Cleaning Pakistan   s Air
Author: Ernesto Sánchez-Triana,Santiago Enriquez,Javaid Afzal,Akiko Nakagawa,Asif Shuja Khan
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2014-07-03
ISBN 10: 1464802351
ISBN 13: 9781464802355
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cleaning Pakistan s Air Book Review:

The harm to Pakistanis’ health, economy, and environment from urban air pollution is among the highest in South Asia, exceeding several high-profile causes of mortality and morbidity in Pakistan. This report details a broad spectrum of research on Pakistan’s air quality management challenges and presents concrete steps to achieve improvements.

Indoor Pollutants

Indoor Pollutants
Author: National Research Council,National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Indoor Pollutants,Assembly of Life Sciences (U.S.). Committee on Indoor Pollutants,National Research Council Staff,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards,Life Sciences Commission,Indoor Pollutants Committee,Division on Earth and Life Studies Staff
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 537
Release: 1981-01-01
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indoor Pollutants Book Review:

Discusses pollution from tobacco smoke, radon and radon progeny, asbestos and other fibers, formaldehyde, indoor combustion, aeropathogens and allergens, consumer products, moisture, microwave radiation, ultraviolet radiation, odors, radioactivity, and dirt and discusses means of controlling or eliminating them.

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook
Author: Chester W. Spicer,Sydney M. Gordon,Thomas J. Kelly,Michael W. Holdren,R. Mukund
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2002-04-16
ISBN 10: 1420032356
ISBN 13: 9781420032352
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook Book Review:

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook: Measurements, Properties, and Fate in Ambient Air provides a comprehensive review of the 188 compounds and compound classes designated as Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, with a specific focus on their potential presence in ambient air. The relevant chemical and physical properties of the compounds are discussed and tabulated, and suitable methods for their measurement in ambient air are identified. A survey of measurements of ambient HAP concentrations is provided for use in historical comparisons and for evaluating the current human health risks from these chemicals. Finally, the book reviews the atmospheric reactions that control the lifetime and fate of the HAPs in ambient air, and summarizes the current knowledge about their transformation products.

Ambient Air Pollution

Ambient Air Pollution
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 131
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:961219145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution Book Review:

This report presents a summary of methods and results of the latest World Health Organization (WHO) global assessment of ambient air pollution exposure and the resulting burden of disease. To date, air pollution -- both ambient (outdoor) and household (indoor) -- is the biggest environmental risk to health, carrying responsibility for about one in every nine deaths annually. Ambient (outdoor) air pollution alone kills around 3 million people each year, mainly from noncommunicable diseases. Air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate, and affects economies and people's quality of life; it is a public health emergency. Interventions and policies for tackling air pollution issues exist and have been proven to be effective. Air pollution has also been identified as a global health priority in the sustainable development agenda. The role of the health sector is crucial, and there is a need to engage with other sectors to maximize the co-benefits of health, climate, environment, social and development. Saving people's lives is the overarching aim to implement policies aiming at tackling air pollution in the health, transport, energy, and urban development sectors.

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution
Author: Sics Editore
Publsiher: SICS Editore
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-10-01
ISBN 10: 8869309088
ISBN 13: 9788869309083
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adverse health effects of ambient air pollution Book Review:

With the exception of malodorous sulphur compounds, adverse health effects of ambient air pollutants are experienced only in built-up areas where the most hazardous compounds are respirable particles and nitrogen dioxide.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Author: Pallavi Saxena,Vaishali Naik
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2018-12-19
ISBN 10: 1786393891
ISBN 13: 9781786393890
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution Book Review:

Air pollution has become a major global issue due to rapid industrialization, human population growth and increasing urbanization. The various sources of atmospheric pollutants, both those created by human activity and those from natural physical and biological processes, have become the focus of much scientific research and analysis. An understanding of how these many pollutants are affecting air quality is essential in order to design strategies to mitigate them. Written by a team of international experts, this book aims to provide a broad overview of the issues surrounding air pollution and how to control and monitor pollution levels. Beginning with a brief background on the subject, the book moves on to discuss global emissions, with an emphasis on megacities and their effects. Possible pollution control measures and methods of air pollution measurement and modelling are also explored. The book ends with descriptions of the various indices used for assessing air quality with a focus on human health impacts, and a discussion on policy making to control air pollution. The book will be useful to students of environmental science and atmospheric science, as well as environmental consultants and researchers interested in air quality . Key Features: Comprehensive introduction to the primary causes of air pollution today with an emphasis on growing urban populations and megacities Discusses both anthropogenic and biogenic emissions and their effects on human health and the environment Gives an overview of indices used today for assessing air quality and describes current methods for air pollution monitoring and modelling Discusses new technologies for mitigating the effects of air pollution and policy making for implementation of controls

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Author: Arthur C. Stern
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 483
Release: 2014-06-28
ISBN 10: 0080926053
ISBN 13: 9780080926056
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution Book Review:

Subjects extensively covered include asbestos, carbon dioxide, lead, nuclear accidents, non-ionizing radiation, stratospheric ozone, and visibility. Major topics discussed are: acidic deposition (acid rain); indoor air pollution; long range transport; risk assessment and management; hazardous and toxic substances. This state-of-the-art compilation will facilitate the work of air pollution control agency personnel, air pollution research scientists, and air pollution consultants. It will also be useful to law firms involved in air pollution litigation and to air pollution equipment and instrument manufacturers.

Asian Atmospheric Pollution

Asian Atmospheric Pollution
Author: Ramesh P. Singh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2021-08-31
ISBN 10: 0128166940
ISBN 13: 9780128166949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Asian Atmospheric Pollution Book Review:

Asian Atmospheric Pollution: Sources, Characteristics and Impacts provides a concise yet comprehensive treatment of all aspects of pollution and air quality monitoring, across all of Asia. It focuses on key regions of the world and details a variety of sources, their transport mechanism, long term variability and impacts on climate at local and regional scales. It also discusses the feedback on pollutants, on different meteorological parameters like radiative forcing, fog formations, precipitation, cloud characteristics and more. Drawing upon the expertise of multiple well-known authors from different countries to underline some of these key issues, it includes sections dedicated to treatment of pollutant sources, studying of pollutants and trace gases using satellite/station based observations and models, transport mechanisms, seasonal and inter-annual variability and impact on climate, health and biosphere in general. Asian Atmospheric Pollution: Sources, Characteristics and Impacts is a useful resource for scientists and students to understand the sources and dynamics of atmospheric pollution as well as their transport from one continent to other continents, helping the atmospheric modelling community to model different scenarios of the pollution, gauge its short term and long term impacts across regional to global scales and better understand the ramifications of episodic events. Covers all of Asia in detail in terms of pollution Focuses not only on local pollution, but on long-term transport of these pollutants and their impacts on other regions as well as the globe Includes discussion of both particulate matter and greenhouse gases Serves as a single resource on Asian air pollution and Impacts from the most current research across the globe including the US, Asia, Africa and Europe

The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 116
Release: 2016-06-09
ISBN 10: 9264257470
ISBN 13: 9789264257474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution Book Review:

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants.

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Author: Abhishek Tiwary,Ian Williams
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN 10: 1498719481
ISBN 13: 9781498719483
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution Book Review:

This established textbook offers a one-stop, comprehensive coverage of air pollution, all in an easy-reading and accessible style. The fourth edition, broadly updated and developed throughout, includes a brand-new chapter providing a broader overview to the topic for general reading, and presents fresh materials on air pollution modelling, mitigation and control, tailored to the needs of both amateur and specialist users. Retaining a quantitative perspective, the covered topics include: gaseous and particulate air pollutants, measurement techniques, meteorology and modelling, area sources, mobile sources, indoor air, effects on plants, materials, humans and animals, impact on climate change and ozone profiles and air quality legislations. This edition also includes a final chapter covering a suite of sampling and laboratory practical experiments that can be used for either classroom teachings, or as part of research projects. As with previous editions, the book is aimed to serve as a useful reading resource for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses specialising in air pollution, with dedicated case studies at the end of each chapter, as well as a list of revision questions provided at the end as a complementary section.