Agri Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials

Agri Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials
Author: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Rajiv Periakaruppan,S. Rajeshkumar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 772
Release: 2021-10-10
ISBN 10: 0128235764
ISBN 13: 9780128235768
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agri Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials Book Review:

Agri-Waste and Microbes for Production of Sustainable Nanomaterials assesses the most recent trends used to produce bionanomaterials from agricultural waste and microorganisms. The book covers the green synthesis of various nanomaterials using microorganisms and agricultural waste, including the synthesis and characterization of green nanomaterials, the production of nanomaterials from agri-waste, including metallic, copper, silica, cellulose, nanopolymers and nano/micro plastics, and biological methods such as agricultural and microbial synthesis of metallic/metal oxide, magnetic, silver, copper, nanomaterials and nanonutrients. This is an important reference source for plant scientists, materials scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand this new generation of sustainable nanomaterials. The synthesis of nanocellulose materials from agri-wastes is an emerging alternative for waste treatment methods, developing new biosensors and antimicrobial agents. Silicon nanoparticles are an additional ingredient for the improvement of crop yields. With recent advances in nanomaterials synthesis performance and the discovery of their biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the implementation of these methods will be used at large-scale for industrial applications in different sectors. Highlights recent methods to produce bionanomaterials from agricultural waste and microorganisms Explores the use of agri-waste in environmental and agricultural applications Assesses the major challenges for using agri-waste to create eco-friendly nanomaterials at large scale

Biotechnology for Zero Waste

Biotechnology for Zero Waste
Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ravi Kumar Kadeppagari
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2022-03-07
ISBN 10: 3527348980
ISBN 13: 9783527348985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnology for Zero Waste Book Review:

Biotechnology for Zero Waste The use of biotechnology to minimize waste and maximize resource valorization In Biotechnology for Zero Waste: Emerging Waste Management Techniques, accomplished environmental researchers Drs. Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain and Ravi Kumar Kadeppagari deliver a robust exploration of the role of biotechnology in reducing waste and creating a zero-waste environment. The editors provide resources covering perspectives in waste management like anaerobic co-digestion, integrated biosystems, immobilized enzymes, zero waste biorefineries, microbial fuel cell technology, membrane bioreactors, nano biomaterials, and more. Ideal for sustainability professionals, this book comprehensively sums up the state-of-the-art biotechnologies powering the latest advances in zero-waste strategies. The renowned contributors address topics like bioconversion and biotransformation and detail the concept of the circular economy. Biotechnology for Zero Waste effectively guides readers on the path to creating sustainable products from waste. The book also includes: A thorough introduction to modern perspectives on zero waste drives, including anaerobic co-digestion as a smart approach for enhancing biogas production Comprehensive explorations of bioremediation for zero waste, biological degradation systems, and bioleaching and biosorption of waste Practical discussions of bioreactors for zero waste and waste2energy with biotechnology An in-depth examination of emerging technologies, including nanobiotechnology for zero waste and the economics and commercialization of zero waste biotechnologies Perfect for process engineers, natural products, environmental, soil, and inorganic chemists, Biotechnology for Zero Waste: Emerging Waste Management Techniques will also earn a place in the libraries of food technologists, biotechnologists, agricultural scientists, and microbiologists.

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri food and Ecosystems

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri food and Ecosystems
Author: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2020-04-14
ISBN 10: 012821354X
ISBN 13: 9780128213544
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri food and Ecosystems Book Review:

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agrifood and Ecosystems shows how hybrid nanomaterials (HNMs) are being used to enhance agriculture, food and environmental science. The book discusses the synthesis and characterization of HNMs before exploring agrifoods and environmental functions. It shows how novel HNMs are being used for the detection and separation of heavy metal ions, for destroying and sensing of insecticides, in managed release fertilizer and pesticide formulations, plant protection, plant promotions, purification, detection, and to control mycotoxins. Further, the book describes the use of silica-based total nanosystems, carbon nanotubes, nanocellulose-based, and polymer nanohybrids for agricultural and biological applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and food scientists who want to gain a greater understanding on how multifunctional nanomaterials are being used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications. Outlines the major nanomaterial types that are being used in agriculture Explains why the properties of multifunctional nanomaterials are particularly efficient for use in agriculture Assesses the major challenges of using multifunctional nanomaterials on an industrial scale

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products
Author: Rajeev Bhat
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2021-08-25
ISBN 10: 0128242604
ISBN 13: 9780128242605
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valorization of Agri Food Wastes and By Products Book Review:

Valorization of Agri-Food Wastes and By-Products: Recent Trends, Innovations and Sustainability Challenges addresses the waste and by-product valorization of fruits and vegetables, beverages, nuts and seeds, dairy and seafood. The book focuses its coverage on bioactive recovery, health benefits, biofuel production and environment issues, as well as recent technological developments surrounding state of the art of food waste management and innovation. The book also presents tools for value chain analysis and explores future sustainability challenges. In addition, the book offers theoretical and experimental information used to investigate different aspects of the valorization of agri-food wastes and by-products. Valorization of Agri-Food Wastes and By-Products: Recent Trends, Innovations and Sustainability Challenges will be a great resource for food researchers, including those working in food loss or waste, agricultural processing, and engineering, food scientists, technologists, agricultural engineers, and students and professionals working on sustainable food production and effective management of food loss, wastes and by-products. Covers recent trends, innovations, and sustainability challenges related to food wastes and by-products valorization Explores various recovery processes, the functionality of targeted bioactive compounds, and green processing technologies Presents emerging technologies for the valorization of agri-food wastes and by-products Highlights potential industrial applications of food wastes and by-products to support circular economy concepts

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials
Author: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 795
Release: 2021-11-01
ISBN 10: 0128245093
ISBN 13: 9780128245095
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials Book Review:

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanomaterials illustrates how to biologically scale up silver nanoparticle synthesis. This book covers green synthesis of silver nanomaterials, via plants, agricultural waste, fungi, and microorganisms. Sections cover the synthesis and characterization of chemical and green synthesis, various types of silver nanomaterialism, the ability of different fungal species, such as filamentous fungi, to produce silver nanoparticles, the microbial synthesis of silver NMs, biosynthesis mechanisms, toxicity, fate and commercialization. As examples, greener pathways and mechanisms, toxicity of silver nanoparticles in aquatic life and in natural eco-systems, and strategies for the scaling up of green-synthesized nanomaterials are discussed. With the extended work in enhancing nanomaterials synthesis performance, and discovering their biomedical, environmental, and agricultural applications, it is hoped that the execution of these methods on a large scale and their industrial applications in different fields will take place in the near future. Assesses the impact of a large variety of silver-based nanostructures in the biomedical, environmental and agri-food sectors Discusses the major synthesis methods used for effectively processing plant-based silver nanoparticles Outlines the potential and major challenges for adopting green synthesis methods on a mass scale

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture
Author: M. Anwar Mallick,Manoj K. Solanki,Baby Kumari,Suresh Kumar Verma
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2021-07-09
ISBN 10: 1000397815
ISBN 13: 9781000397819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture Book Review:

Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture presents applications of nanobiotechnology for eco-friendly agriculture practices. Implementing sustainable agriculture techniques is a crucial component in meeting projected global food demands while minimising toxic waste in the environment. Nano-technological tools – including nanoparticles, nanocapsules, nanotubes and nanomolecules – offer sustainable options to modernise agriculture systems. Written by nanotechnology experts, this book outlines how nano-formulations can improve yield without reliance on chemecial pesticides and reduce nutrient losses in fertilization. It reveals how nanotools are used for rapid disease diagnostics, in treating plant diseases and enhancing the capacity for plants to absorb nutrients. Features: Combines nanotechnology and agronomy presenting applications for improving plant performance and yields. Reveals nanotechnology-based products used for the soil and plant health management which mitigate climate change. Discusses roles of microbial endophytes, heavy metal nanoparticles and environment health, nano-nutrients, phytochemicals, green bioengineering and plant health. This book appeals to professionals working in the agriculture and food industry, as well as agricultural scientists and researchers in nanotechnology and agronomy.

Biogenic Nano Particles and their Use in Agro ecosystems

Biogenic Nano Particles and their Use in Agro ecosystems
Author: Mansour Ghorbanpour,Prachi Bhargava,Ajit Varma,Devendra K. Choudhary
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2020-03-20
ISBN 10: 981152985X
ISBN 13: 9789811529856
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biogenic Nano Particles and their Use in Agro ecosystems Book Review:

Several nano-scale devices have emerged that are capable of analysing plant diseases, nutrient deficiencies and any other ailments that may affect food security in agro-ecosystems. It has been envisioned that smart delivery systems can be developed and utilised for better management of agricultural ecosystems. These systems could exhibit beneficial, multi-functional characteristics, which could be used to assess and also control habitat-imposed stresses to crops. Nanoparticle-mediated smart delivery systems can control the delivery of nutrients or bioactive and/or pesticide molecules in plants. It has been suggested that nano-particles in plants might help determine their nutrient status and could also be used as cures in agro-ecosystems. Further, to enhance soil and crop productivity, nanotechnology has been used to create and deliver nano fertilizers, which can be defined as nano-particles that directly help supply nutrients for plant growth and soil productivity. Nano-particles can be absorbed onto clay networks, leading to improved soil health and more efficient nutrient use by crops. Additionally, fertilizer particles can be coated with nano-particles that facilitate slow and steady release of nutrients, reducing loss of nutrients and enhancing their efficiency in agri-crops. Although the use of nanotechnology in agro-ecosystems is still in its early stages and needs to be developed further, nano-particle-mediated delivery systems are promising solutions for the successful management of agri-ecosystems. In this context, the book offers insights into nanotechnology in agro-ecosystems with reference to biogenic nanoparticles. It highlights the: • occurrence and diversity of Biogenic Nanoparticles • mechanistic approach involved in the synthesis of biogenic nanoparticles • synthesis of nanoparticles using photo-activation, and their fate in the soil ecosystem • potential applications of nanoparticles in agricultural systems • application and biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles and their characterization • impact of biogenic nanoparticles on biotic stress to plants • mechanistic approaches involved in the antimicrobial effects and cytotoxicity of biogenic nanoparticles • role of biogenic nanoparticles in plant diseases management • relevance of biological synthesized nanoparticles in the longevity of agricultural crops • design and synthesis of nano-biosensors for monitoring pollutants in water, soil and plant systems • applications of nanotechnology in agriculture with special refer to soil, water and plant sciences A useful resource for postgraduate and research students in the field of plant and agricultural sciences, it is also of interest to researchers working in nano and biotechnology.

Microbial Nanotechnology

Microbial Nanotechnology
Author: Mahendra Rai,Patrycja Golińska
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2020-09-17
ISBN 10: 1000196488
ISBN 13: 9781000196481
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Nanotechnology Book Review:

This book provides an account of the biogenic synthesis of nanomaterials by using different microorganisms. The chapters are focused on the biosynthesis of various metal and metal oxide nanosized materials by using bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and algae, including mechanisms of microbial synthesis. Other chapters summarize recent developments of microbial-based nanostructures for the management of food-borne pathogens, plant pathogenic fungi, as nutrients, and biomedical applications. Microorganisms are discussed not only as biofactories for the synthesis of nanomaterials but also as removal agents of toxic metals from the environment. Exposure sources and ecotoxicity of microbially synthesized nanoparticles are also discussed.

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity
Author: Javid A. Parray,Mohammad Yaseen Mir,Nowsheen Shameem
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2021-07-19
ISBN 10: 1119714869
ISBN 13: 9781119714866
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nano Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity Book Review:

Provides detailed information about the use of nanotechnology in remediating waste and pollution in agriculture Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity explores sustainable, eco-friendly technologies for remediating wastes and contaminated areas in both water and land ecosystems. Focusing on nano-technological innovations that use microbes and microbial agents to improve the quality and pollutant discharge of contaminated sites, this comprehensive volume also discusses molecular approaches for the characterization of nanoparticles, the biosynthetic pathways of microbes, gene and protein expression studies for bio-deterioration techniques, and more. Organized into nine chapters, the book opens with a thorough overview of the functions, classification, properties, synthesis, and applications of nanoparticles. Following a discussion of the environmental and agricultural implications of nanotechnology, the authors examine the current role and future prospects of nanotechnology in managing plant diseases, improving agri-food production, and increasing agricultural productivity. Subsequent chapters cover lignin nanoparticles, various applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, and nano-based advances in plant and microbial science. Offering an up-to-date account of the role of nanotechnologies in agricultural bioremediation, this book: Explores biotechnological advances in the development of sophisticated green technologies for waste minimization and waste control Emphasizes the use of microbes for degradation and removal of various xenobiotic substances Discusses bioremediation approaches in relation to the impact of increased urbanization and industrialization on the environment Covers a variety of applications of nanotechnology in agriculture, including nano-fertilizers, nano-biosensors, nano-pesticides, and nanoparticle protection in plants Nano-Technological Intervention in Agricultural Productivity is a valuable resource for students in plant biotechnology and agricultural science and engineering, as well as an important reference for researchers in plant biotechnology and agricultural sciences, particularly those with interest in the use of nanomaterials for pollution remediation and sustainable development.

Sustainable Crop Production

Sustainable Crop Production
Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Masayuki Fujita,Marcelo Carvalho Minhoto Teixeira Filho,Thiago Assis Rodrigues Nogueira,Fernando Shintate Galindo
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2020-06-17
ISBN 10: 1789853176
ISBN 13: 9781789853179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Crop Production Book Review:

This book includes twenty-one comprehensive chapters addressing various soil and crop management issues, including modern techniques in enhancing crop production in the era of climate change. There are a few case studies and experimental evidence about these production systems in specific locations. Particular focus is provided on the state-of-the-art of biotechnology, nanotechnology, and precision agriculture, as well as many other recent approaches in ensuring sustainable crop production. This book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students, teachers, and researchers, particularly in the fields of crop science, soil science, and agronomy.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri Food and Environmental Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri Food and Environmental Applications
Author: Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publsiher: Micro & Nano Technologies
Total Pages: 652
Release: 2019-11
ISBN 10: 0128197862
ISBN 13: 9780128197868
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri Food and Environmental Applications Book Review:

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology
Author: Ram Prasad,Manoj Kumar,Vivek Kumar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2017-06-14
ISBN 10: 9811045739
ISBN 13: 9789811045738
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology Book Review:

This book highlights the implications of nanotechnology and the effects of nanoparticles on agricultural systems, their interactions with plants as well as their potential applications as fertilizers and pesticides. It also discusses how innovative, eco-friendly approaches to improve food and agricultural systems lead to increased plant productivity. Further, it offers insights into the current trends and future prospects of nanotechnology along with the benefits and risks and their impact on agricultural ecosystems. Nanomaterials in agriculture reduce the amount of chemical products sprayed by means of smart delivery of active ingredients; minimize nutrient losses in fertilization; and increase yields through optimized water and nutrient management. There is also huge potential for nanotechnology in the provision of state-of-the-art solutions for various challenges faced by agriculture and society, both today and in the future.

Bionanomaterials

Bionanomaterials
Author: Kshitij Rb Singh,Ravindra Pratap Singh
Publsiher: IOP Publishing Limited
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2021-06-28
ISBN 10: 9780750337656
ISBN 13: 0750337656
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bionanomaterials Book Review:

Microbial Biotechnology

Microbial Biotechnology
Author: Jayanta Kumar Patra,Chethala N. Vishnuprasad,Gitishree Das
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 479
Release: 2018-02-07
ISBN 10: 981106847X
ISBN 13: 9789811068478
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Biotechnology Book Review:

This edited book, is a collection of 20 articles describing the recent advancements in the application of microbial technology for sustainable development of agriculture and environment. This book covers many aspects like agricultural nanotechnology, promising applications of biofuels production by algae, advancements and application of microbial keratinase, biocontrol agents, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, bacterial siderophore, use of microbes in detoxifying organophosphate pesticides, bio-surfactants, biofilms, bioremediation degradation of phenol and phenolic compounds and bioprospecting of endophytes. This book intends to bring the latest research advancements and technologies in the area of microbial technology in one platform, providing the readers an up-to-date view on the area. This book would serve as an excellent reference book for researchers and students in the agricultural, environmental and microbiology fields.

Waste Management Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Waste Management  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1680
Release: 2019-12-06
ISBN 10: 1799812111
ISBN 13: 9781799812111
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste Management Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications Book Review:

As the world’s population continues to grow and economic conditions continue to improve, more solid and liquid waste is being generated by society. Improper disposal methods can not only lead to harmful environmental impacts but can also negatively affect human health. To prevent further harm to the world’s ecosystems, there is a dire need for sustainable waste management practices that will safeguard the environment for future generations. Waste Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source that examines the management of different types of wastes and provides relevant theoretical frameworks about new waste management technologies for the control of air, water, and soil pollution. Highlighting a range of topics such as contaminant removal, landfill treatment, and recycling, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for environmental engineers, waste authorities, solid waste management companies, landfill operators, legislators, environmentalists, policymakers, government officials, academicians, researchers, and students.

Microbial Nanobiotechnology

Microbial Nanobiotechnology
Author: Agbaje Lateef,Evariste Bosco Gueguim-Kana,Nandita Dasgupta (Environmental chemist),Shivendu Ranjan
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 9813347775
ISBN 13: 9789813347779
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Nanobiotechnology Book Review:

This edited book serves as a vital resource on the contributions of microorganisms to advances in nanotechnology, establishing their applications in diverse areas of biomedicine, environment, biocatalysis, food and nutrition, and renewable energy. It documents the impacts of microorganisms in nanotechnology leading to further developments in microbial nanobiotechnology. This book appeals to researchers and scholars of microbiology, biochemistry and nanotechnology.

Research Anthology on Food Waste Reduction and Alternative Diets for Food and Nutrition Security

Research Anthology on Food Waste Reduction and Alternative Diets for Food and Nutrition Security
Author: Information Resources Management Association
Publsiher: Engineering Science Reference
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-07
ISBN 10: 9781799853541
ISBN 13: 1799853543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Anthology on Food Waste Reduction and Alternative Diets for Food and Nutrition Security Book Review:

"This book explores methods for reducing waste and cutting food loss in order to help the environment and support local communities as well as solve issues including that of land space. It also provides vital research on the development of plant-based foods, meat-alternative diets, and nutritional outcomes"--

Biomass Biopolymer Based Materials and Bioenergy

Biomass  Biopolymer Based Materials  and Bioenergy
Author: Deepak Verma,Elena Fortunati,Siddharth Jain,Xiaolei Zhang
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2019-01-12
ISBN 10: 0081024274
ISBN 13: 9780081024270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biopolymer Based Materials and Bioenergy Book Review:

Biomass, Biopolymer-Based Materials and Bioenergy: Construction, Biomedical and Other Industrial Applications covers a broad range of material types, including natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, particulate composites, fiberboard, wood fiber composites, and plywood composite that utilize natural, renewable and biodegradable agricultural biomass. In terms of bioenergy, the authors explore not only the well-known processing methods of biofuels, but also the kinetics of biofuels production pathways, a techno-economic analysis on biomass gasification, and biomass gasification with further upgrading into diesel additives and hybrid renewable energy systems for power generation. Further chapters discuss advanced techniques for the development of biomass-based composites, biopolymer-based composites, biomass gasification, thermal kinetic design and techno-economic analysis of biomass gasification. By introducing these topics, the book highlights a totally new research theme in biopolymer-based composite materials and bioenergy. Covers a broad range of different research fields, including biopolymer and natural fiber reinforcement used in the development of composites Demonstrates key research themes in materials science and engineering, including materials processing, polymer science, biofuel processing, and thermal and kinetic studies Presents valuable information for those working in research and development departments, and for graduate students (Masters and PhDs)

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles PM ENPs Nexus in Agro Ecosystems

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles  PM ENPs  Nexus in Agro Ecosystems
Author: Pardeep Singh,Rishikesh Singh,Pramit Verma,Rahul Bhadouria,Ajay Kumar,Mahima Kaushik
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2021-03-22
ISBN 10: 3030669564
ISBN 13: 9783030669560
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles PM ENPs Nexus in Agro Ecosystems Book Review:

This book presents a collection of cross-disciplinary research, with contributions addressing all key features of the plant/microbe/ENP nexus in agro-ecosystems. The uptake, transport and transformation of nanoparticles in plants have attracted more and more attention in the past several years. Especially, the impact of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) on bioprocesses; low-, medium- and high-level dose responses in the microbial community of soil; and long-, medium- and short-term exposure responses, particularly microbial nitrogen transformations, are just a few of the aspects involved. Since ENPs are used in many industries, including cosmetics, agriculture, medicine, food technology and waste management, their transport through biogeochemical cycles is an important focus of many studies today. Specifically, ENP–microbe interaction has been analysed with regard to disease treatment for plants; it plays a vital role in disease inhibition by releasing metal ions that act through many pathways – e.g. reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, DNA transformation and disruption of the cell cycle – to stop cell growth in the pathogen. Due to these properties, ENPs are also used as slow release or delayed release pesticides and fungicides, and as carrier systems for growth-promoting hormones. Despite their multiple uses in various industries, the negative effects of ENPs are still a major concern for the scientific community and consumers alike. For example, their transport to various food chains has been reported to have adverse effects. This raises a degree of doubt concerning a rapidly growing scientific field with major applications in many industries. From a sustainable development perspective and particularly to ensure food security in light of the uncertainty accompanying climate change, it is imperative to address this divergence by focusing on the plant/microbe/ENP nexus.

Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass

Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass
Author: Samir Kumar Khanal
Publsiher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
Total Pages: 505
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9780784410899
ISBN 13: 0784410895
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass Book Review:

Biofuel and bioenergy produced from biowastes and biomass is a clean energy source which can be produced renewably. The 21 chapters of this book provide state-of-the-art reviews, current research, and technology developments with respect to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation biofuels and bioenergy. The book focuses on the biological/ biochemical pathway, as this option has been reported to be the most cost-effective method for biofuel/bioenergy production. The opening chapter covers the overview of the current status of biofuel and bioenergy production. The rest of the chapters are grouped into seven categories; they cover biomethane production, microbial fuel cells, feedstock production, preprocessing, biomass pretreatment, enzyme hydrolysis, and syngas fermentation. Algal processes for biofuel production, biobutanol production, bioreactor systems, and value-added processing of biofuel residues are included. This book addresses life cycle analyses (LCA) of 1st and 2nd generation biofuels (from corn, soybean, jatropha, and cellulosic biomass) and the emerging applications of nanotechnology in biofuel/bioenergy production. The book is organized in such a way that each preceding chapter builds a foundation for the following one. At the end of each chapter, current research trends and further research needs are outlined. This is one of the first books in this emerging field of biofuel/bioenergy that provides in-depth technical information on the broad topics of biofuel and bioenergy with extensive illustrations, case studies, summary tables, and up-to-date references. This book will be valuable to researchers, instructors, senior undergraduate and graduate students, decision-makers, professionals, and others interested in the field of biofuel/bioenergy.