Aerospace Project Management Handbook

Aerospace Project Management Handbook
Author: M. Ann Garrison Darrin,Patrick A. Stadter
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2017-05-22
ISBN 10: 1498776531
ISBN 13: 9781498776530
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aerospace Project Management Handbook Book Review:

The Aerospace Project Management Handbook focuses on space systems, exploring intricacies rarely seen in land-based projects. These range from additional compliance requirements from Earned Value Management requirements and regulations (ESA, NASA, FAA), to criticality and risk factors for systems where repair is impossible. Aerospace project management has become a pathway for success in harsh space environments, as the Handbook demonstrates. With chapters written by experts, this comprehensive book offers a step-by-step approach emphasizing the applied techniques and tools, and is a prime resource for program managers, technical leads, systems engineers, and principle payload leads.

INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook

INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook
Author: INCOSE
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2015-06-12
ISBN 10: 111899941X
ISBN 13: 9781118999417
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook Book Review:

A detailed and thorough reference on the discipline and practice of systems engineering The objective of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) Systems Engineering Handbook is to describe key process activities performed by systems engineers and other engineering professionals throughout the life cycle of a system. The book covers a wide range of fundamental system concepts that broaden the thinking of the systems engineering practitioner, such as system thinking, system science, life cycle management, specialty engineering, system of systems, and agile and iterative methods. This book also defines the discipline and practice of systems engineering for students and practicing professionals alike, providing an authoritative reference that is acknowledged worldwide. The latest edition of the INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook: Is consistent with ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015 Systems and software engineering—System life cycle processes and the Guide to the Systems Engineering Body of Knowledge (SEBoK) Has been updated to include the latest concepts of the INCOSE working groups Is the body of knowledge for the INCOSE Certification Process This book is ideal for any engineering professional who has an interest in or needs to apply systems engineering practices. This includes the experienced systems engineer who needs a convenient reference, a product engineer or engineer in another discipline who needs to perform systems engineering, a new systems engineer, or anyone interested in learning more about systems engineering.

Fundamentals of Project Management

Fundamentals of Project Management
Author: James P. Lewis
Publsiher: Amacom Books
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9780814471326
ISBN 13: 0814471323
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Project Management Book Review:

Updated concepts and tools to set up project plans, schedule work, monitor progress-and consistently achieve desired project results.In today's time-based and cost-conscious global business environment, tight project deadlines and stringent expectations are the norm. This classic book provides businesspeople with an excellent introduction to project management, supplying sound, basic information (along with updated tools and techniques) to understand and master the complexities and nuances of project management. Clear and down-to-earth, this step-by-step guide explains how to effectively spearhead every stage of a project-from developing the goals and objectives to managing the project team-and make project management work in any company. This updated second edition includes: * New material on the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) * Do's and don'ts of implementing scheduling software* Coverage of the PMP certification offered by the Project Management Institute* Updated information on developing problem statements and mission statements* Techniques for implementing today's project management technologies in any organization-in any industry.

Project Management for Business and Engineering

Project Management for Business and Engineering
Author: John M. Nicholas
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 603
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 0750678240
ISBN 13: 9780750678247
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Project Management for Business and Engineering Book Review:

"This textbook is intended for business analysts, engineers, system developers, systems analysts, and others just getting started in management, and for managers and administrators with little project management training."--Jacket.

Aerospace Marketing Management

Aerospace Marketing Management
Author: Philippe Malaval,Christophe Bénaroya,Jonathan Aflalo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2013-11-12
ISBN 10: 3319013548
ISBN 13: 9783319013541
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aerospace Marketing Management Book Review:

This book presents an overall picture of both B2B and B2C marketing strategies, concepts and tools, in the aeronautics sector. This is a significant update to an earlier book successfully published in the nineties which was released in Europe, China, and the USA. It addresses the most recent trends such as Social Marketing and the internet, Customer Orientation, Project Marketing and Con current Engineering, Coopetition, and Extended Enterprise. Aerospace Marketing Management is the first marketing handbook richly illustrated with executive and expert inputs as well as examples from parts suppliers, aircraft builders, airlines, helicopter manufacturers, aeronautics service providers, airports, defence and military companies, and industrial integrators (tier-1, tier-2). This book is designed as a ready reference for professionals and graduates from both Engineering and Business Schools.

Project Management

Project Management
Author: Harold Kerzner
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2013-01-22
ISBN 10: 1118415825
ISBN 13: 9781118415825
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Project Management Book Review:

A new edition of the most popular book of project management case studies, expanded to include more than 100 cases plus a "super case" on the Iridium Project Case studies are an important part of project management education and training. This Fourth Edition of Harold Kerzner's Project Management Case Studies features a number of new cases covering value measurement in project management. Also included is the well-received "super case," which covers all aspects of project management and may be used as a capstone for a course. This new edition: Contains 100-plus case studies drawn from real companies to illustrate both successful and poor implementation of project management Represents a wide range of industries, including medical and pharmaceutical, aerospace, manufacturing, automotive, finance and banking, and telecommunications Covers cutting-edge areas of construction and international project management plus a "super case" on the Iridium Project, covering all aspects of project management Follows and supports preparation for the Project Management Professional (PMP®) Certification Exam Project Management Case Studies, Fourth Edition is a valuable resource for students, as well as practicing engineers and managers, and can be used on its own or with the new Eleventh Edition of Harold Kerzner's landmark reference, Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling. (PMP and Project Management Professional are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.)

NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Handbook

NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Handbook
Author: Nasa
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2018-03-21
ISBN 10: 9781680920512
ISBN 13: 1680920510
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Handbook Book Review:

This handbook is a companion to NPR 7120.5E, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management Requirements and supports the implementation of the requirements by which NASA formulates and implements space flight programs and projects. Its focus is on what the program or project manager needs to know to accomplish the mission, but it also contains guidance that enhances the understanding of the high-level procedural requirements. (See Appendix C for NPR 7120.5E requirements with rationale.) As such, it starts with the same basic concepts but provides context, rationale, guidance, and a greater depth of detail for the fundamental principles of program and project management. This handbook also explores some of the nuances and implications of applying the procedural requirements, for example, how the Agency Baseline Commitment agreement evolves over time as a program or project moves through its life cycle.

Designing and Executing Strategy in Aviation Management

Designing and Executing Strategy in Aviation Management
Author: Triant G. Flouris,Sharon L. Oswald
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2016-04-08
ISBN 10: 1317152190
ISBN 13: 9781317152194
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Designing and Executing Strategy in Aviation Management Book Review:

Designing and Executing Strategy in Aviation Management is designed to provide an intensely practical guide to this critically important topic. Comprehensive in coverage and easy-to-read in style, it allows both professionals and students to understand the principles and practicalities of crafting and executing business strategies with an aviation context. The result is a comprehensive and multifaceted teaching/learning package, which includes applied case studies on a wide range of airlines and aviation businesses, setting out how these organizations deal with strategy formulation and implementation in critical areas. Topics covered include: corporate strategy, generic strategy, competitive strategy, internal and external environment assessment, mergers, alliances, safety and security. Written directly for both aviation professionals and student courses in aviation strategy, aviation management and aviation operations, it will also be of great interest to aviation professionals in a variety of different fields, including airlines, corporate aviation, consultancy, etc., as well as academics within the field of aviation and those within the field of strategy and management science.

Evolving Toolbox for Complex Project Management

Evolving Toolbox for Complex Project Management
Author: Alex Gorod,Leonie Hallo,Vernon Ireland,Indra Gunawan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2019-10-30
ISBN 10: 0429591225
ISBN 13: 9780429591228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolving Toolbox for Complex Project Management Book Review:

This book enhances learning about complex project management principles and practices through the introduction and discussion of a portfolio of tools presented as an evolving toolbox. Throughout the book, industry practitioners examine the toolsets that are part of the toolbox to develop a broader understanding of complex project management challenges and the available tools to address them. This approach establishes a dynamic, structured platform for a comprehensive analysis and assessment of the modern, rapidly changing, multifaceted business environment to teach the next generation of project managers to successfully cope with the ever increasing complexity of the 21st century.

Ethics and Project Management

Ethics and Project Management
Author: Ralph L. Kliem, PMP
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2011-10-14
ISBN 10: 1439852618
ISBN 13: 9781439852613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethics and Project Management Book Review:

Ethics plays a critical role in project management, but all too often, its importance is overlooked. This benign neglect can result in serious consequences to individuals and organizations, ranging from tarnished reputations to civil and criminal liability. Ethics and Project Management demonstrates the importance of making ethics a key consideration in managing projects and describes the impacts that occur when ethical transgressions arise. Providing the tools necessary for project managers to avoid an ethical lapse that can put themselves and their organization at risk, this volume: Defines ethics and places it within the project management context Discusses the contents of the Project Management Institute’s code of ethics Enables project managers to recognize the trends that precipitate ethical dilemmas on a project Demonstrates how ethical concerns permeate the entire project life cycle Provides tips on establishing a governance protocol to ensure ethical compliance Explores legal issues that arise from unethical behavior Examines how ethical concerns on a project can have global implications, and how to operate in international settings with cultural differences Each chapter ends with a Getting Started Checklist, facilitating immediate application of the concepts discussed and making it easy for project managers to determine whether they are in compliance with ethical standards. Providing a solid roadmap for the ethical health of a project, this volume is essential reading for all those concerned with avoiding the disastrous consequences of a cavalier approach to ethics. Praise for the book: ... a great desktop reference for any project manager. It is a must-have title to complete any project management library and I recommend it to both new and highly experienced project managers. —Gregg D. Richie, PMP, MCTS, CNP, Managing Principal, P8, LLC

A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge PMBOK R Guide Sixth Edition Agile Practice Guide Bundle HINDI

A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge  PMBOK R  Guide Sixth Edition   Agile Practice Guide Bundle  HINDI
Author: Project Management Institute
Publsiher: Project Management Institute
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2019-08-05
ISBN 10: 1628255390
ISBN 13: 9781628255393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge PMBOK R Guide Sixth Edition Agile Practice Guide Bundle HINDI Book Review:

To support the broadening spectrum of project delivery approaches, PMI is offering A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) – Sixth Edition as a bundle with its latest, the Agile Practice Guide. The PMBOK® Guide – Sixth Edition now contains detailed information about agile; while the Agile Practice Guide, created in partnership with Agile Alliance®, serves as a bridge to connect waterfall and agile. Together they are a powerful tool for project managers. The PMBOK® Guide – Sixth Edition – PMI's flagship publication has been updated to reflect the latest good practices in project management. New to the Sixth Edition, each knowledge area will contain a section entitled Approaches for Agile, Iterative and Adaptive Environments, describing how these practices integrate in project settings. It will also contain more emphasis on strategic and business knowledge—including discussion of project management business documents—and information on the PMI Talent Triangle™ and the essential skills for success in today's market. Agile Practice Guide has been developed as a resource to understand, evaluate, and use agile and hybrid agile approaches. This practice guide provides guidance on when, where, and how to apply agile approaches and provides practical tools for practitioners and organizations wanting to increase agility. This practice guide is aligned with other PMI standards, including A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) – Sixth Edition, and was developed as the result of collaboration between the Project Management Institute and the Agile Alliance.

Project Management for Research and Development

Project Management for Research and Development
Author: Lory Mitchell Wingate
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 517
Release: 2014-08-05
ISBN 10: 1466596295
ISBN 13: 9781466596290
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Project Management for Research and Development Book Review:

Today’s leading organizations recognize the importance of research and development (R&D) to maintain and grow market share. If companies want to survive into the future, they must accelerate their R&D-to-market cycles or find themselves behind the competition. Project Management for Research and Development: Guiding Innovation for Positive R&D Outcomes explains how to apply proven project management methods to obtain positive outcomes in R&D and innovation projects. It addresses the specific factors companies must consider when using project management to scope, define, and manage R&D projects. It also offers best practices and case studies that illustrate actual applications of theory. This book details methods to help readers optimize results in R&D through the use of structured processes derived from the project management field and other complementary disciplines. Each chapter includes diagrams, surveys, checklists, and question-answer forms to guide readers in determining where their activity falls along a project spectrum and to help them structure their own R&D project. The methods presented in this book can easily be applied to innovation projects and creative endeavors. As there are limited sources of information on how to utilize project management methodology effectively in these types of projects, this book is an ideal resource for anyone looking to add structure and proven methods to enable R&D, innovation, and other creative activities.

System Health Management

System Health Management
Author: Stephen B Johnson,Thomas Gormley,Seth Kessler,Charles Mott,Ann Patterson-Hine,Karl Reichard,Philip Scandura, Jr.
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2011-06-01
ISBN 10: 1119998735
ISBN 13: 9781119998730
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

System Health Management Book Review:

System Health Management: with Aerospace Applications provides the first complete reference text for System Health Management (SHM), the set of technologies and processes used to improve system dependability. Edited by a team of engineers and consultants with SHM design, development, and research experience from NASA, industry, and academia, each heading up sections in their own areas of expertise and co-coordinating contributions from leading experts, the book collates together in one text the state-of-the-art in SHM research, technology, and applications. It has been written primarily as a reference text for practitioners, for those in related disciplines, and for graduate students in aerospace or systems engineering. There are many technologies involved in SHM and no single person can be an expert in all aspects of the discipline.System Health Management: with Aerospace Applications provides an introduction to the major technologies, issues, and references in these disparate but related SHM areas. Since SHM has evolved most rapidly in aerospace, the various applications described in this book are taken primarily from the aerospace industry. However, the theories, techniques, and technologies discussed are applicable to many engineering disciplines and application areas. Readers will find sections on the basic theories and concepts of SHM, how it is applied in the system life cycle (architecture, design, verification and validation, etc.), the most important methods used (reliability, quality assurance, diagnostics, prognostics, etc.), and how SHM is applied in operations (commercial aircraft, launch operations, logistics, etc.), to subsystems (electrical power, structures, flight controls, etc.) and to system applications (robotic spacecraft, tactical missiles, rotorcraft, etc.).

Project Management Case Studies

Project Management Case Studies
Author: Harold Kerzner
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2017-04-24
ISBN 10: 1119385970
ISBN 13: 9781119385974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Project Management Case Studies Book Review:

THE #1 PROJECT MANAGEMENT CASE STUDIES BOOK NOW FEATURING NEW CASES FROM DISNEY, THE OLYMPICS, AIRBUS, BOEING, AND MORE After on-the-job experience, case studies are the most important part of every project manager's training. This Fifth Edition of Project Management Case Studies features more than one hundred case studies that detail projects at high-profile companies around the world. These cases offer you a unique opportunity to experience, first-hand, project management in action within a variety of contexts and up against some of the most challenging conditions any project manager will likely face. New to this edition are case studies focusing on agile and scrum methodologies. Contains 100-plus case studies from companies that illustrate both successful and not-so-successful project management Represents an array of industries, including medical and pharmaceutical, aerospace, entertainment, sports, manufacturing, finance, telecommunications, and more Features 18 new case studies, including high-profile cases from Disney, the Olympics, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, and Airbus 380 Follows and supports preparation for the Project Management Professional (PMP)® Certification Exam Experienced PMs, project managers in training, and students alike will find this book to be an indispensable resource whether used as a standalone or combined with the bestselling Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling, 12th Edition. PMI, CAPM, PMBOK, PMP and Project Management Professional are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.

Project Management

Project Management
Author: David Cleland,Lewis Ireland
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2002-07-21
ISBN 10: 0071459146
ISBN 13: 9780071459143
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Project Management Book Review:

* The first book to truly apply the theory, processes, practices, and techniques of project management to strategic planning * New to this edition: risk management, earned value, project recovery, project maturity models, partnering, PM certification, and much more

The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management

The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management
Author: Eric Verzuh
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2015-11-09
ISBN 10: 1119086574
ISBN 13: 9781119086574
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management Book Review:

The all-inclusive guide to exceptional project management The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management is the comprehensive guide to real-world project management methods, tools, and techniques. Practical, easy-to-use, and deeply thorough, this book gives you answers you need now. You'll find the cutting-edge ideas and hard-won wisdom of one of the field's leading experts, delivered in short, lively segments that address common management issues. Brief descriptions of important concepts, tips on real-world applications, and compact case studies illustrate the most sought-after skills and the pitfalls you should watch out for. This new fifth edition features new case studies, new information on engaging stakeholders, change management, new guidance on using Agile techniques, and new content that integrates current events and trends in the project management sphere. Project management is a complex role, with seemingly conflicting demands that must be coordinated into a single, overarching, executable strategy — all within certain time, resource, and budget constraints. This book shows you how to get it all together and get it done, with expert guidance every step of the way. Navigate complex management issues effectively Master key concepts and real-world applications Learn from case studies of today's leading experts Keep your project on track, on time, and on budget From finding the right sponsor to clarifying objectives to setting a realistic schedule and budget projection, all across different departments, executive levels, or technical domains, project management incorporates a wide range of competencies. The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management shows you what you need to know, the best way to do it, and what to watch out for along the way.

Rare Earth Materials

Rare Earth Materials
Author: A.R. Jha
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 371
Release: 2014-06-17
ISBN 10: 1466564032
ISBN 13: 9781466564039
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rare Earth Materials Book Review:

Recent studies indicate that China accounts for about 96 percent of the world’s supply of rare earth materials (REMs). With REMs becoming increasingly important for a growing number of high-tech applications, appropriate action must be taken to mitigate the effects of a shortage of critical REMs in defense systems and components. Bringing together information previously available only from disparate journal articles and databases, Rare Earth Materials: Properties and Applications describes the unique characteristics and applications of 17 REMs. It defines their chemical, electrical, thermal, and optical characteristics. Maintaining a focus on physical and chemical properties, it addresses the history and critical issues pertaining to mining and processing of REMs. In this book, Dr. A.R. Jha continues his distinguished track record of distilling complex theoretical physical concepts into an understandable technical framework that can be extended to practical applications across commercial and industrial frameworks. He summarizes the chemical, optical, electrical, thermal, magnetic, and spectroscopic properties of REMs best suited for next-generation commercial and military systems or equipment. Coverage includes extraction, recycling, refinement, visual inspection, identification of spectroscopic parameters, quality control, element separation based on specific application, pricing control, and environmental / geo-political considerations. Potential applications are identified with an emphasis on scientific instruments, nuclear resonance imaging equipment, MRI systems, magnetic couplers for uranium enrichment equipment, battery-electrodes, electric motors, electric generators, underwater sensors, and commercial and military sensors. The book describes unique applications of rare earth magnets in all-electric and hybrid electric cars and microwave components. It also considers the use of rare earth magnets in commercial and military systems where weight and size are the critical design requirements. Suitable for both students and design engineers involved in the development of high-technology components or systems, the book concludes by summarizing future applications in electro-optic systems and components, including infrared lasers, diode-pumped solid-state lasers operating at room temperatures, and other sophisticated military and commercial test equipment

Strategic Issues in European Aerospace

Strategic Issues in European Aerospace
Author: Philip Lawrence,Derek Braddon
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2017-07-05
ISBN 10: 135189773X
ISBN 13: 9781351897730
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strategic Issues in European Aerospace Book Review:

This book is a unique collection of perspectives provided by a mix of leading academics, industrialists and government officials on the challenges facing the European aerospace industry. The book focuses on two interrelated, daunting challenges. The consolidated American aerospace industry, which in the 1990s has undergone $100bn worth of merger activity. The second is the compelling task of rationalization and consolidation required in the European industry itself. Through a mix of analytical perspectives and project-oriented assessments, the book provides an essential guide to the major strategic agenda for the European industry. A unique feature is the contribution of leading industry executives and project managers. These industry insiders outline the dilemmas and challenges facing the industry from the viewpoint of those at the sharp end of the business. The book is an essential guide to the technical, political and economic agenda for aerospace in the next decade and beyond.

Project Management

Project Management
Author: Harold Kerzner
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1120
Release: 2009-04-03
ISBN 10: 9780470503836
ISBN 13: 0470503831
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Project Management Book Review:

The landmark project management reference, now in a new edition Now in a Tenth Edition, this industry-leading project management "bible" aligns its streamlined approach to the latest release of the Project Management Institute's Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMI®'s PMBOK® Guide), the new mandatory source of training for the Project Management Professional (PMP®) Certificat-ion Exam. This outstanding edition gives students and professionals a profound understanding of project management with insights from one of the best-known and respected authorities on the subject. From the intricate framework of organizational behavior and structure that can determine project success to the planning, scheduling, and controlling processes vital to effective project management, the new edition thoroughly covers every key component of the subject. This Tenth Edition features: New sections on scope changes, exiting a project, collective belief, and managing virtual teams More than twenty-five case studies, including a new case on the Iridium Project covering all aspects of project management 400 discussion questions More than 125 multiple-choice questions (PMI, PMBOK, PMP, and Project Management Professional are registered marks of the Project Management Institute, Inc.)

Systems Engineering for Aerospace

Systems Engineering for Aerospace
Author: Richard Sheng
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2019-02-23
ISBN 10: 012817272X
ISBN 13: 9780128172728
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systems Engineering for Aerospace Book Review:

Systems Engineering for Aerospace: A Practical Approach applies insights gained from systems engineering to real-world industry problems. The book describes how to measure and manage an aircraft program from start to finish. It helps readers determine input, process and output requirements, from planning to testing. Readers will learn how to simplify design through production and acquire a lifecycle strategy using Integrated Master Plan/Schedule (IMP/IMS). The book directly addresses improved aircraft system design tools and processes which, when implemented, contribute to simpler, lower cost and safer airplanes. The book helps the reader understand how a product should be designed, identifying the customer’s requirements, considering all possible components of an integrated master plan, and executing according to the plan with an integrated master schedule. The author demonstrates that systems engineering offers a means for aircraft companies to become more effective and profitable. Describes how to measure and manage an aircraft program Instructs on how to determine essential input, process and output requirements Teaches how to simplify the design process, thus allowing for increased profit Provides a lifecycle strategy using Integrated Master Plan/Schedule (IMP/IMS) Identifies cost driver influences on people, products and processes