Canada s Top Climate Change Risks

Canada   s Top Climate Change Risks
Author: The Expert Panel on Climate Change Risks and Adaptation Potential
Publsiher: Council of Canadian Academies
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2019-07-04
ISBN 10: 1926522672
ISBN 13: 9781926522678
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Canada s Top Climate Change Risks Book Review:

Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks identifies the top risk areas based on the extent and likelihood of the potential damage, and rates the risk areas according to society’s ability to adapt and reduce negative outcomes. These 12 major areas of risk are: agriculture and food, coastal communities, ecosystems, fisheries, forestry, geopolitical dynamics, governance and capacity, human health and wellness, Indigenous ways of life, northern communities, physical infrastructure, and water. The report describes an approach to inform federal risk prioritization and adaptation responses. The Panel outlines a multi-layered method of prioritizing adaptation measures based on an understanding of the risk, adaptation potential, and federal roles and responsibilities.

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change
Author: Melissa R. Marselle,Jutta Stadler,Horst Korn,Katherine N. Irvine,Aletta Bonn
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 481
Release: 2019-06-11
ISBN 10: 3030023184
ISBN 13: 9783030023188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change Book Review:

This open access book identifies and discusses biodiversity’s contribution to physical, mental and spiritual health and wellbeing. Furthermore, the book identifies the implications of this relationship for nature conservation, public health, landscape architecture and urban planning – and considers the opportunities of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation. This transdisciplinary book will attract a wide audience interested in biodiversity, ecology, resource management, public health, psychology, urban planning, and landscape architecture. The emphasis is on multiple human health benefits from biodiversity - in particular with respect to the increasing challenge of climate change. This makes the book unique to other books that focus either on biodiversity and physical health or natural environments and mental wellbeing. The book is written as a definitive ‘go-to’ book for those who are new to the field of biodiversity and health.

Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change Costs Benefits and Policy Instruments

Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change Costs  Benefits and Policy Instruments
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2008-05-13
ISBN 10: 9264046216
ISBN 13: 9789264046214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change Costs Benefits and Policy Instruments Book Review:

This report provides a critical assessment of adaptation costs and benefits in key climate sensitive sectors, as well as at national and global levels.

Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies

Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies
Author: Ganpat, Wayne,Isaac, Wendy-Ann
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2016-10-25
ISBN 10: 1522516085
ISBN 13: 9781522516088
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Book Review:

The existence of the human race has created inevitable effects on our surrounding environment. To prevent further harm to the world’s ecosystems, it becomes imperative to assess mankind’s impact on and create sustainability initiatives to maintain the world’s ecosystems. Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly material on the scientific, technical, and socio-economic factors related to climate change assessment. Providing a comprehensive overview of perspectives on sustainability protection of environmental resources, this book is ideally designed for policy makers, professionals, government officials, upper-level students, and academics interested in emerging research on climate change.

Adapting to Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Adapting to Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Author: Marianne Fay,Rachel Block,Jane Ebinger
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2010-01-28
ISBN 10: 9780821381328
ISBN 13: 0821381326
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adapting to Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Book Review:

Adapting to Climate Change in Eastern Europe and Central Asia presents an overview of what adaptation to climate change might mean for the countries of the region of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA). The next decade offers a window of opportunity for ECA countries to make their development more resilient to climate change.

America s Climate Choices

America s Climate Choices
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on America's Climate Choices
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2011-06-11
ISBN 10: 0309145856
ISBN 13: 9780309145855
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

America s Climate Choices Book Review:

Climate change is occurring. It is very likely caused by the emission of greenhouse gases from human activities, and poses significant risks for a range of human and natural systems. And these emissions continue to increase, which will result in further change and greater risks. America's Climate Choices makes the case that the environmental, economic, and humanitarian risks posed by climate change indicate a pressing need for substantial action now to limit the magnitude of climate change and to prepare for adapting to its impacts. Although there is some uncertainty about future risk, acting now will reduce the risks posed by climate change and the pressure to make larger, more rapid, and potentially more expensive reductions later. Most actions taken to reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts are common sense investments that will offer protection against natural climate variations and extreme events. In addition, crucial investment decisions made now about equipment and infrastructure can "lock in" commitments to greenhouse gas emissions for decades to come. Finally, while it may be possible to scale back or reverse many responses to climate change, it is difficult or impossible to "undo" climate change, once manifested. Current efforts of local, state, and private-sector actors are important, but not likely to yield progress comparable to what could be achieved with the addition of strong federal policies that establish coherent national goals and incentives, and that promote strong U.S. engagement in international-level response efforts. The inherent complexities and uncertainties of climate change are best met by applying an iterative risk management framework and making efforts to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions; prepare for adapting to impacts; invest in scientific research, technology development, and information systems; and facilitate engagement between scientific and technical experts and the many types of stakeholders making America's climate choices.

Advancing the Science of Climate Change

Advancing the Science of Climate Change
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2011-01-10
ISBN 10: 0309145880
ISBN 13: 9780309145886
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Book Review:

Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for--and in many cases is already affecting--a broad range of human and natural systems. The compelling case for these conclusions is provided in Advancing the Science of Climate Change, part of a congressionally requested suite of studies known as America's Climate Choices. While noting that there is always more to learn and that the scientific process is never closed, the book shows that hypotheses about climate change are supported by multiple lines of evidence and have stood firm in the face of serious debate and careful evaluation of alternative explanations. As decision makers respond to these risks, the nation's scientific enterprise can contribute through research that improves understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change and also is useful to decision makers at the local, regional, national, and international levels. The book identifies decisions being made in 12 sectors, ranging from agriculture to transportation, to identify decisions being made in response to climate change. Advancing the Science of Climate Change calls for a single federal entity or program to coordinate a national, multidisciplinary research effort aimed at improving both understanding and responses to climate change. Seven cross-cutting research themes are identified to support this scientific enterprise. In addition, leaders of federal climate research should redouble efforts to deploy a comprehensive climate observing system, improve climate models and other analytical tools, invest in human capital, and improve linkages between research and decisions by forming partnerships with action-oriented programs.

Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change

Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change
Author: Ian Burton,Elizabeth Malone,Saleemul Huq
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2004-11-15
ISBN 10: 9780521617604
ISBN 13: 052161760X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation Policy Frameworks for Climate Change Book Review:

Adaptation is a process by which individuals, communities and countries seek to cope with the consequences of climate change. The process of adaptation is not new; the idea of incorporating future climate risk into policy-making is. While our understanding of climate change and its potential impacts has become clearer, the availability of practical guidance on adaptation has not kept pace. The development of the Adaptation Policy Framework (APF) is intended to help provide the rapidly evolving process of adaptation policy-making with a much-needed roadmap. Ultimately, the purpose of the APF is to support adaptation processes to protect - and enhance - human well-being in the face of climate change. This volume will be invaluable for everyone working on climate change adaptation and policy-making.

Adapting to Climate Change

Adapting to Climate Change
Author: Gregory R. A. Richardson,Canada. Natural Resources Canada
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 42
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9781100172385
ISBN 13: 1100172386
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adapting to Climate Change Book Review:

The impacts of changing climate are already evident in Canada and globally. Scientific understanding of climate change indicates that Canada will experience significant shifts in weather patterns over the period of a single generation, a trend that will likely continue for several centuries. Communities of all sizes will face many new risks and opportunities. Managing the impacts of a changing climate will require developing local strategies.

Green Infrastructure and Climate Change Adaptation

Green Infrastructure and Climate Change Adaptation
Author: Futoshi Nakamura
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2022-03-20
ISBN 10: 9789811667930
ISBN 13: 9811667934
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Infrastructure and Climate Change Adaptation Book Review:

This open access book introduces the function, implementation and governance of green infrastructure in Japan and other countries where lands are geologically fragile and climatologically susceptible to climate change. It proposes green infrastructure as an adaptation strategy for climate change and biodiversity conservation. In the face of climate change, dams, levees and floodways built as disaster prevention facilities do not sufficiently function against extraordinary events such as mega-floods and tsunami disasters. To prevent those disasters and loss of biodiversity in various ecosystems, we should shift from conventional hard measures to more adaptive strategies using various functions that natural and semi-natural ecosystems provide. Green infrastructure is an interconnected network of waterways, wetlands, woodlands, wildlife habitats and other natural areas that support native species, maintain natural ecological processes, sustain air and water resources and contribute to the health and quality of life for communities and people. Green infrastructure has mainly been discussed from adaptation strategy perspectives in cities and urban areas. However, to protect cities, which are generally situated at downstream lower elevations, we explore the preservation and restoration of forests at headwater basins and wetlands along rivers from a catchment perspective. In addition, the quantitative examination of flood risk, biodiversity, and social-economic benefits described in this book brings new perspectives to the discussion. The aim of this book is to accelerate the transformative changes from gray-based adaptation strategies to green- or hybrid-based strategies to adapt to climate change. The book provides essential information on the structure, function, and maintenance of green infrastructure for scientists, university students, government officers, and practitioners.

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options
Author: James M. Vose,Kier D. Klepzig
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2013-12-05
ISBN 10: 1466572760
ISBN 13: 9781466572768
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options Book Review:

Forest land managers face the challenges of preparing their forests for the impacts of climate change. However, climate change adds a new dimension to the task of developing and testing science-based management options to deal with the effects of stressors on forest ecosystems in the southern United States. The large spatial scale and complex interactions make traditional experimental approaches difficult. Yet, the current progression of climate change science offers new insights from recent syntheses, models, and experiments, providing enough information to start planning now for a future that will likely include an increase in disturbances and rapid changes in forest conditions. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options: A Guide for Natural Resource Managers in Southern Forest Ecosystems provides a comprehensive analysis of forest management options to guide natural resource management in the face of future climate change. Topics include potential climate change impacts on wildfire, insects, diseases, and invasives, and how these in turn might affect the values of southern forests that include timber, fiber, and carbon; water quality and quantity; species and habitats; and recreation. The book also considers southern forest carbon sequestration, vulnerability to biological threats, and migration of native tree populations due to climate change. This book utilizes the most relevant science and brings together science experts and land managers from various disciplines and regions throughout the south to combine science, models, and on-the-ground experience to develop management options. Providing a link between current management actions and future management options that would anticipate a changing climate, the authors hope to ensure a broader range of options for managing southern forests and protecting their values in the future.

Climate Change Justice and Sustainability

Climate Change  Justice and Sustainability
Author: Ottmar Edenhofer,Johannes Wallacher,Hermann Lotze-Campen,Michael Reder,Brigitte Knopf,Johannes Müller
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2012-06-25
ISBN 10: 9400745400
ISBN 13: 9789400745407
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Justice and Sustainability Book Review:

Analysing and synthesising vast data sets from a multitude of disciplines including climate science, economics, hydrology and agricultural research, this volume seeks new methods of combining climate change mitigation, adaptation, development, and poverty reduction in ways that are effective, efficient and equitable. A guiding principle of the project is that new alliances of state and non-state sector partners are urgently required to establish cooperative responses to the threats posed by climate change. This volume offers a vital policy framework for linking our response to this change with progressive principles of global justice and sustainable development.

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Leonardo Esteves de Freitas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 537
Release: 2017-10-19
ISBN 10: 3319569465
ISBN 13: 9783319569468
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Adaptation in Latin America Book Review:

This book showcases experiences from research, field projects and best practice in climate change adaptation in countries in the Latin American region, focusing on managing vulnerability and fostering resilience. It includes a selection of papers presented at a specialist symposium on climate change adaptation held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in November 2016.Consistent with the need for more cross-sectoral interaction among the various stakeholders working in the field of climate change adaptation in Latin America, the book documents and disseminates the wealth of experiences in the region. It is divided into two main parts: Part 1 addresses the current and future impacts of climate change on fauna, flora and landscapes, while Part 2 is concerned with the socio-economic aspects of climate change adaptation, analyzing some of the main problems prevailing in this vulnerable region and examining ways to address them.

Adaptation in the Face of Climate Change When Resistance Is Futile

Adaptation in the Face of Climate Change   When Resistance Is Futile
Author: John Morton
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2019-12-15
ISBN 10: 9780128157473
ISBN 13: 012815747X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation in the Face of Climate Change When Resistance Is Futile Book Review:

Adaptation in the Face of Climate Change demonstrates climate change adaptation strategies that step beyond conventional land and species management, focused on facilitating ecological trajectories rather than static goals based on historical baselines. Current conservative approaches are too timid to address likely ecological outcomes of climate emission scenarios that have already been exceeded and are inadequate to ameliorate the 6th extinction. This book closely examines the commonalities and differences among three locations, spanning from Maryland, the Pacific Islands and Alaska, to highlight the idea that there are no optimal choices in a world of non-analog futures and disequilibrium, only reasonable ones that accommodate continual change. Based on real-world considerations, the book discusses the implementation of adaptation strategies in the face of political obstacles. This book is essential to anyone interested in effective climate change adaptation, such as Environmental Planners, Ecologists, Geographers, and Biologists. Features real world cases of successful adaptation to climate change across diverse ecosystems and species, including animal ecology, forest and coastal ecosystems Includes data on climate change and its impact on the environment has been incorporated in each example Provides an understanding of the types of socio-political constraints environmental managers face, with true examples of successfully navigating them in order create a positive environmental impacts

Handbook of Climate Change Resilience

Handbook of Climate Change Resilience
Author: Walter Leal Filho
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 2834
Release: 2019-08-26
ISBN 10: 9783319933351
ISBN 13: 3319933353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Climate Change Resilience Book Review:

Climate resilience, or the capacity of socio-ecological systems to adapt and upkeep their functions when facing physical-chemical stress, is a key feature of ecosystems and communities. As the risks and impacts of climate change become more intense and more visible, there is a need to foster a broader understanding of both the impacts of these disruptions to food, water, and energy supplies and to increase resilience at the national and local level. The Handbook of Climate Change Resilience comprises a diverse body of knowledge, united in the objective of building climate resilience in both the industralised and the developing world. This unique publication will assist scientists, decision-makers and community members to take action to make countries, regions and cities more resilient.

Policies of Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries

Policies of Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries
Author: Philipp Alvares de Souza Soares
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 17
Release: 2009-07-21
ISBN 10: 3640379918
ISBN 13: 9783640379910
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Policies of Adaptation to Climate Change in Developing Countries Book Review:

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Economy - Environment economics, grade: 9, University of Marburg (Institute for Co-operation in Developing Countries), course: Climate Change, Economic Challenges, and the Economics of Stabilization in Developing Countries – The “Stern Review” and beyond, language: English, abstract: Climate change is happening, even if it isn ́t induced by greenhouse gas emissions. This fact is by now relatively undoubted. One possible answer is to mitigate emissions which is already tried through the Kyoto protocol for example. But even if these measures are successful, they will be effective only with a considerable time lag. Accordingly the world will inevitably face changed climate conditions and is already facing them today. This led to the realization that adaptation to climate change is necessary. This fact is particularly from importance to developing countries. Current observations and projections show that they are the ones most affected by the impacts of climate change even though they are the least prepared. Adaptation policies designed especially for developing countries are necessary to enable them to withstand the adverse effects of a changing climate the best way possible. This paper will focus on how those adaptation policies should look like and what needs to be considered. In the beginning a general introduction to adaptation will be given including its role and perspective in respect of climate change. Then I will continue by discussing the relationship between developing countries and climate change in general. Afterwards I will investigate in the main part what policies of adaptation are needed in developing countries and what should be considered when integrating adaptation into other policies. The paper ends with a summarizing conclusion.

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee to Review the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2018-06-18
ISBN 10: 0309471699
ISBN 13: 9780309471695
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment Book Review:

Climate change poses many challenges that affect society and the natural world. With these challenges, however, come opportunities to respond. By taking steps to adapt to and mitigate climate change, the risks to society and the impacts of continued climate change can be lessened. The National Climate Assessment, coordinated by the U.S. Global Change Research Program, is a mandated report intended to inform response decisions. Required to be developed every four years, these reports provide the most comprehensive and up-to-date evaluation of climate change impacts available for the United States, making them a unique and important climate change document. The draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) report reviewed here addresses a wide range of topics of high importance to the United States and society more broadly, extending from human health and community well-being, to the built environment, to businesses and economies, to ecosystems and natural resources. This report evaluates the draft NCA4 to determine if it meets the requirements of the federal mandate, whether it provides accurate information grounded in the scientific literature, and whether it effectively communicates climate science, impacts, and responses for general audiences including the public, decision makers, and other stakeholders.

Adapting to Climate Change

Adapting to Climate Change
Author: Matthew E. Kahn
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2021-03-30
ISBN 10: 0300246714
ISBN 13: 9780300246711
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adapting to Climate Change Book Review:

A revelatory study of how climate change will affect individual economic decisions, and the broad impact of those choices Selected by Publishers Weekly as one of its Top Ten books in Business and Economics for Spring 2021 It is all but certain that the next century will be hotter than any we've experienced before. Even if we get serious about fighting climate change, it's clear that we will need to adapt to the changes already underway in our environment. This book considers how individual economic choices in response to climate change will transform the larger economy. Using the tools of microeconomics, Matthew E. Kahn explores how decisions about where we live, how our food is grown, and where new business ventures choose to locate are impacted by climate change. Kahn suggests new ways that big data can be deployed to ease energy or water shortages to aid agricultural operations and proposes informed policy changes related to public infrastructure, disaster relief, and real estate to nudge land use, transportation options, and business development in the right direction.

Organizational and Institutional Issues in Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Management

Organizational and Institutional Issues in Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Management
Author: Catherine Ragasa,Yan Sun,Elizabeth Bryan,Caroline Abate,Atlaw Alemu,Mahamadou Namori Keita
Publsiher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2013-07-17
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organizational and Institutional Issues in Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Management Book Review:

Climate change places demand on existing governance structures to reform and work more effectively than in the past. In response, greater attention to and funding for climate change adaptation—including the efforts of National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs), the Least Developed Country Fund, the Special Climate Change Fund, the Adaptation Fund, and the E.U. Global Climate Change Alliance—provide an opportunity for institutional, organizational, and human-capacity strengthening. This study was conducted to explore the challenges and opportunities for building human, organizational, and institutional capacity for more effective climate change adaptation in developing countries. It is part of a larger research project titled “Enhancing Women’s Assets to Manage Risk under Climate Change: Potential for Group-Based Approaches,” which is being conducted to help organizations better understand ways in which development projects can assist rural households in adapting to and managing the effects of climate change. This report provides some reflections and insights on the level of awareness, practices, and organizational and institutional issues being faced by countries as they adapt to climate change, based on interviews with 87 practitioners working in government agencies, local organizations, international organizations, and think thanks reporting involvement in climate change adaptation. Data were collected in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Mali using both an e-survey platform and face-to-face interviews. Responses reveal active work within these organizations on climate change adaptation and emphasize their important role in the countries’ efforts to address and adapt to climate change. Responses also reveal strong awareness among these organizations of different aspects of climate change adaptation along the different stages in a climate change adaptation project cycle, which may be a reflection of the active discussions and awareness campaigns during NAPA development in these countries. However, despite the awareness and presence of national strategies and action plans, there seem to be no explicit and clearly defined policy and strategy within these organizations outlining their role in and contribution to the national and collective efforts and, more importantly, no explicit and measurable targets and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system to track progress and outcomes over time. Reported capacity gaps can be grouped into two categories: training needs and institutional challenges. In many organizations, there is limited awareness of and emphasis on the need for participation of target groups and beneficiaries during design and planning of climate change adaptation projects. In addition, many respondents reported a need for greater attention to issues related to profitability, financial sustainability, and market access from climate change project design to M&E. Finally, respondents emphasized that climate change projects should pay greater attention to gender, social, political, and cultural issues in their design and implementation. Reflections of respondents also highlighted the need for organizational capacity strengthening for those local organizations working in and providing services to rural communities, and for promoting a culture of impact and M&E within these organizations, in addition to the reported training needs in climate change management and in gender and social analysis. While this report provides some insights, further empirical analyses are needed to discover more details on strategies that could help trigger mind-set and organizational culture change and to capture the complexity of organizational and institutional issues hindering climate change adaptation efforts that aim at reducing vulnerability and contributing to development outcomes.

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa
Author: Cyndi Spindell Berck,Peter Berck,Salvatore Di Falco
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2018-03-05
ISBN 10: 1351369504
ISBN 13: 9781351369503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa Book Review:

A changing climate is likely to have a drastic impact on crop yields in Africa. The purpose of this book is to document the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa and to discuss strategies for adaptation to hotter weather and less predictable rainfall. These strategies include promoting opportunities for farmers to adopt technologies that produce optimal results in terms of crop yield and income under local agro-ecological and socioeconomic conditions. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa, an area that is already affected by changing patterns of heat and rainfall. Because of the high prevalence of subsistence farming, food insecurity, and extreme poverty in this region, there is a great need for practical adaptation strategies. The book includes empirical research in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and other Sub-Saharan countries, and the conclusion summarizes policy-relevant findings from the chapters. It is aimed at advanced students, researchers, extension and development practitioners, and officials of government agencies, NGOs, and funding agencies. It also will provide supplementary reading for courses in environment and development and in agricultural economics.