A Critique of Moral Knowledge

A Critique of Moral Knowledge
Author: Yves R. Simon
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9780823290758
ISBN 13: 0823290751
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Critique of Moral Knowledge Book Review:

This long-awaited book is the first English-language edition of.Simon's first book, Critique de la connaissance morale (1934). Not only does this work clarify the first stages of Simon's intellectual career, it is also a major contribution to moral philosophy. A Critique of Moral Knowledge addresses fundamental issues. How does moral knowledge differ from other practical knowledge? What is the relationship between the moral sense, moral philosophy, and cognition in action? Is politics moral philosophy or simply a neutral technique? This elegant translation will be an important contribution to the conversation on philosophy, politics, religion, and ethics.

A Critique of Moral Knowledge

A Critique of Moral Knowledge
Author: Yves René Marie Simon
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015056185674
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Critique of Moral Knowledge Book Review:

"This translation will be of value to all who are interested in tracking the work of this influential thinker, and will be an important contribution to the twentieth-century conversation on philosophy, politics, religion, and ethics."--BOOK JACKET.

Virtue Ethics and Moral Knowledge

Virtue Ethics and Moral Knowledge
Author: R. Scott Smith
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-10-24
ISBN 10: 135187568X
ISBN 13: 9781351875684
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Virtue Ethics and Moral Knowledge Book Review:

We live in a time of moral confusion: many believe there are no overarching moral norms, and we have lost an accepted body of moral knowledge. Alasdair MacIntyre addresses this problem in his much-heralded restatement of Aristotelian and Thomistic virtue ethics; Stanley Hauerwas does so through his highly influential work in Christian ethics. Both recast virtue ethics in light of their interpretations of the later Wittgenstein's views of language. This book systematically assesses the underlying presuppositions of MacIntyre and Hauerwas, finding that their attempts to secure moral knowledge and restate virtue ethics, both philosophical and theological, fail. Scott Smith proposes alternative indications as to how we can secure moral knowledge, and how we should proceed in virtue ethics.

International Disability Rights Advocacy

International Disability Rights Advocacy
Author: Daniel Pateisky
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2021-03-23
ISBN 10: 1000367053
ISBN 13: 9781000367058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Disability Rights Advocacy Book Review:

This book provides insight into the globally interlinked disability rights community and its political efforts today. By analysing what disability rights activism contributes to a global power apparatus of disability-related knowledge, it demonstrates how disability advocacy influences the way we categorise, classify, distribute, manipulate, and therefore transform knowledge. By unpacking the mutually constitutive relations between (practical) moral knowledge of international disability advocates and (formal) disability rights norms that are codified in international treaties such as the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the author shows that the disability rights movement is largely critical of statements that attempt to streamline it. At the same time, cross-cultural disability rights advocacy requires images of uniformity to stabilise its global legitimacy among international stakeholders and retain a common meta-code that visibly identifies its means and aims. As an epistemic community, disability rights advocates simultaneously rely on and contest the authority of international human rights infrastructure and its language. Proving that disability rights advocates contribute immensely to a global culture that standardises what is considered morally and legally ‘right’ and ‘wrong’, thereby shaping the human body and the body politic, this book will be of interest to all scholars and students of critical disability studies, sociology of knowledge, legal and linguistic anthropology, social inequality, and social movements.

The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge

The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge
Author: Dallas Willard
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2018-06-12
ISBN 10: 0429958870
ISBN 13: 9780429958878
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge Book Review:

Based on an unfinished manuscript by the late philosopher Dallas Willard, this book makes the case that the 20th century saw a massive shift in Western beliefs and attitudes concerning the possibility of moral knowledge, such that knowledge of the moral life and of its conduct is no longer routinely available from the social institutions long thought to be responsible for it. In this sense, moral knowledge—as a publicly available resource for living—has disappeared. Via a detailed survey of main developments in ethical theory from the late 19th through the late 20th centuries, Willard explains philosophy’s role in this shift. In pointing out the shortcomings of these developments, he shows that the shift was not the result of rational argument or discovery, but largely of arational social forces—in other words, there was no good reason for moral knowledge to have disappeared. The Disappearance of Moral Knowledge is a unique contribution to the literature on the history of ethics and social morality. Its review of historical work on moral knowledge covers a wide range of thinkers including T.H Green, G.E Moore, Charles L. Stevenson, John Rawls, and Alasdair MacIntyre. But, most importantly, it concludes with a novel proposal for how we might reclaim moral knowledge that is inspired by the phenomenological approach of Knud Logstrup and Emmanuel Levinas. Edited and eventually completed by three of Willard’s former graduate students, this book marks the culmination of Willard’s project to find a secure basis in knowledge for the moral life.

Jacques Maritain and the Many Ways of Knowing

Jacques Maritain and the Many Ways of Knowing
Author: Douglas A. Ollivant
Publsiher: CUA Press
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9780966922646
ISBN 13: 0966922646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jacques Maritain and the Many Ways of Knowing Book Review:

Drawing on the writings of Jacques Maritain--and by extension those of Thomas Aquinas--the essays in this volume examine the effects of theories of knowledge on individuals, culture, and entire schools of philosophical thought. The contributors challenge contemporary epistemologies, which are largely based on writings of Descartes, Locke, and Kant. They critique these theories internally and demonstrate their incompatibility with other goods, such as liberty, human dignity, and access to the transcendent. In stark contrast to modernity's dubious and fragmented opinions and belief systems, Maritain--in works like The Degrees of Knowledge and Creative Intuition in Art and Poetry--proposed a theory of knowledge that permits real, if limited, knowledge of substances, wholes. Some contributors use these works as a springboard from which to examine aspects or applications of knowledge that Maritain left unexplored. Others challenge or question aspects of Maritain's analysis, seeking to improve upon his work. Still others compare Maritain with other neo-Thomistic philosophers, most notably Etienne Gilson, Alasdair MacIntyre, and Pope John Paul II. Maritain's works on human knowledge and the implicit critique of modernity contained within provide an alternative for those seeking to engage the various deficiencies of the "culture of death." These essays demonstrate the continuing relevance--and timeliness--of Maritain's thought. Douglas A. Ollivant is assistant professor of politics at the United States Military Academy. Contributors: George Anastaplo, James Arraj, Joseph M. de Torre, Robert Delfino, Raymond Dennehy, John M. Dunaway, Robert Fallon, Desmond FitzGerald, William J. Fossati, W. Matthews Grant, Catherine Green, James G. Hanink, Gregory J. Kerr, John F. X. Knasas, John F. Morris, Ralph Nelson, Douglas A. Ollivant, Matthew S. Pugh, Steven J. Schloeder, Christopher H. Toner, John G. Trapani, Jr., Henk E. S. Woldring, and Thomas F. Woods. "This is a valuable collection of articles on an important individual who is still influencing contemporary political thought."--Lucien J. Richard, OMI, Catholic Library World

Moral Knowledge

Moral Knowledge
Author: Sarah McGrath
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2019-12-10
ISBN 10: 0192527959
ISBN 13: 9780192527950
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Moral Knowledge Book Review:

Compared to other kinds of knowledge, how fragile is our knowledge of morality? Does knowledge of the difference between right and wrong fundamentally differ from knowledge of other kinds, in that it cannot be forgotten? What makes reliable evidence in fundamental moral convictions? And what are the associated problems of using testimony as a source of moral knowledge? Sarah McGrath provides novel answers to these questions and many others, as she investigates the possibilities, sources, and characteristic vulnerabilities of moral knowledge. She also considers whether there is anything wrong with simply outsourcing moral questions to a moral expert and evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the method of equilibrium as an account of how we make up our mind about moral questions. Ultimately, McGrath concludes that moral knowledge can be acquired in any of the ways in which we acquire ordinary empirical knowledge. Our efforts to acquire and preserve such knowledge, she argues, are subject to frustration in all of the same ways that our efforts to acquire and preserve ordinary empirical knowledge are.

A Critique of a Priori Moral Knowledge

A Critique of a Priori Moral Knowledge
Author: Ashley Alexander Lane
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1091688165
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Critique of a Priori Moral Knowledge Book Review:

Restating Orientalism

Restating Orientalism
Author: Wael B. Hallaq
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2018-07-03
ISBN 10: 0231547382
ISBN 13: 9780231547383
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Restating Orientalism Book Review:

Since Edward Said’s foundational work, Orientalism has been singled out for critique as the quintessential example of Western intellectuals’ collaboration with oppression. Controversies over the imbrications of knowledge and power and the complicity of Orientalism in the larger project of colonialism have been waged among generations of scholars. But has Orientalism come to stand in for all of the sins of European modernity, at the cost of neglecting the complicity of the rest of the academic disciplines? In this landmark theoretical investigation, Wael B. Hallaq reevaluates and deepens the critique of Orientalism in order to deploy it for rethinking the foundations of the modern project. Refusing to isolate or scapegoat Orientalism, Restating Orientalism extends the critique to other fields, from law, philosophy, and scientific inquiry to core ideas of academic thought such as sovereignty and the self. Hallaq traces their involvement in colonialism, mass annihilation, and systematic destruction of the natural world, interrogating and historicizing the set of causes that permitted modernity to wed knowledge to power. Restating Orientalism offers a bold rethinking of the theory of the author, the concept of sovereignty, and the place of the secular Western self in the modern project, reopening the problem of power and knowledge to an ethical critique and ultimately theorizing an exit from modernity’s predicaments. A remarkably ambitious attempt to overturn the foundations of a wide range of academic disciplines while also drawing on the best they have to offer, Restating Orientalism exposes the depth of academia’s lethal complicity in modern forms of capitalism, colonialism, and hegemonic power.

Democracy and Its Critics

Democracy and Its Critics
Author: Robert A. Dahl
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 397
Release: 2008-10-01
ISBN 10: 9780300153552
ISBN 13: 0300153554
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and Its Critics Book Review:

In this prize-winning book, one of the most prominent political theorists of our time makes a major statement about what democracy is and why it is important. Robert Dahl examines the most basic assumptions of democratic theory, tests them against the questions raised by its critics, and recasts the theory of democracy into a new and coherent whole. He concludes by discussing the directions in which democracy must move if advanced democratic states are to exist in the future. “When Robert Dahl speaks about democracy, everyone should listen. With Democracy and Its Critics Dahl has produced a work destined to become another classic.”—Lucian W. Pye, American Political Science Review “In this magisterial work [Dahl]… describe[s] what democracy means…; why our own democracy is still deeply flawed; and how we could reform it…. A work of extraordinary intelligence and, what is even rarer, a work of extraordinary wisdom.”—Robert N. Bellah, New York Times Book Review

The Lucid Vigil

The Lucid Vigil
Author: Stella Gaon
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2019-02-06
ISBN 10: 0429879032
ISBN 13: 9780429879036
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Lucid Vigil Book Review:

Stella Gaon provides the first fully philosophical account of the critical nature of deconstruction, and she does so by turning in an original way to psychoanalysis. Drawing on close readings of Freud and Laplanche, Gaon argues that Derridean deconstruction is driven by a normative investment in reason’s psychological force. Indeed, deconstruction is more faithful to the principle of reason than the various forms of critical theory prevalent today. For if one pursues the classical demand for rational grounds vigilantly, one finds that claims to ethical or political legitimacy cannot be rationally justified, because they are undone by logical undecidability. Gaon’s argument is borne out in the cases of Kantian deontology, Deweyan pragmatism, progressive pedagogy, Habermasian moral theory, Levinasian ethics and others. What emerges is the groundbreaking demonstration that deconstruction is impelled by a quasi-ethical critical drive, and that to read deconstructively is to radicalize the emancipatory practice of reason as self-critique. This important volume will be of great value to critical theorists as well as to Derrida scholars and researchers in social and political thought.

Virtue in Political Life

Virtue in Political Life
Author: Patrick Lafon
Publsiher: African Books Collective
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-09-26
ISBN 10: 9956763594
ISBN 13: 9789956763597
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Virtue in Political Life Book Review:

Yves R. Simon (1903-1961), one of the greatest contemporary philosophers, gives a modern formulation for many classical philosophical concepts such as authority, the common good, and natural law. These topics have received extensive attention from scholars. Simon also discusses the nature of human virtue, moral and intellectual, but this topic has been less studied until now. The idea of virtue, and in our case virtue in political life, runs through Simon’s works. Through a close study of Simon’s works and the relevant secondary literature, this book explores Simon’s definition of virtue in order to highlight its originality, and show how he weaves the need for it into the fabric of three facets of political life, namely, the common good, the virtue of the ruler and the ruled, and the law. These ideas are important for the ruler-ship of any country and especially of developing nations which are populated by sit-tight dictators. Philosophy can be dry and abstract, yet in this case we deal with one of its more practical manifestations.

The Sense of Mystery Clarity and Obscurity in the Intellectual Life

The Sense of Mystery  Clarity and Obscurity in the Intellectual Life
Author: Fr. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.
Publsiher: Emmaus Academic
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2018-05-01
ISBN 10: 1947792342
ISBN 13: 9781947792340
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sense of Mystery Clarity and Obscurity in the Intellectual Life Book Review:

The Sense of Mystery highlights what is clear and what retains the character of mystery in the traditional and Thomistic solution concerning the great problems pertaining to our knowledge in general, to our knowledge of God (whether naturally or supernaturally attained), and to questions pertaining to grace. St. Thomas has fear neither for logic nor for mystery. Indeed, logical lucidity leads him to see in nature those mysteries that speak in their own particular ways of the Creator. Likewise, this same lucidity aids him in putting into strong relief other secrets of a far superior order—those of grace and of the intimate life of God, which would remain unknown were it not for Divine Revelation.

Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers
Author: John R. Shook
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 2698
Release: 2005-01-01
ISBN 10: 1843710374
ISBN 13: 9781843710370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers Book Review:

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers includes both academic and non-academic philosophers, anda large number of female and minority thinkers whose work has been neglected. It includes those intellectualsinvolved in the development of psychology, pedagogy, sociology, anthropology, education, theology, politicalscience, and several other fields, before these disciplines came to be considered distinct from philosophy in thelate nineteenth century.Each entry contains a short biography of the writer, an exposition and analysis of his or her doctrines and ideas, abibliography of writings, and suggestions for further reading. While all the major post-Civil War philosophers arepresent, the most valuable feature of this dictionary is its coverage of a huge range of less well-known writers,including hundreds of presently obscure thinkers. In many cases, the Dictionary of Modern AmericanPhilosophers offers the first scholarly treatment of the life and work of certain writers. This book will be anindispensable reference work for scholars working on almost any aspect of modern American thought.

Ethics of Peacebuilding

Ethics of Peacebuilding
Author: Tim Murithi
Publsiher: Edinburgh University Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2008-12-08
ISBN 10: 074863049X
ISBN 13: 9780748630493
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethics of Peacebuilding Book Review:

This book explores the ethical dimension of peacebuilding. In the aftermath of the Cold War the hope for a more stable and just international order was rapidly dissolved by the internecine conflicts that plagued all continents. The Rwanda and Srebrenica genocides demonstrated the challenge of promoting peace in a world increasingly defined by intra-state conflict and sub-national groups confronting nation-states. Murithi interrogates the role that ethics plays in promoting and consolidating peacebuilding and presents a synthesis of moral philosophy and international relations and an analysis of the ethics of negotiation, mediation, forgiveness and reconciliation. In its attempt to explore the extent to which ethical concerns influence and inform peacebuilding this book contributes to a growing body of literature on ethics and international relations which will enable students, scholars and practitioners to ground their understanding of a principled peacebuilding.

Kant s Theory of Knowledge

Kant s Theory of Knowledge
Author: Graham Bird
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2016-05-05
ISBN 10: 131722891X
ISBN 13: 9781317228912
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kant s Theory of Knowledge Book Review:

First published in 1962. Kant’s philosophical works, and especially the Critique of Pure Reason, have had some influence on recent British philosophy. But the complexities of Kant’s arguments, and the unfamiliarity of his vocabulary, inhibit understanding of his point of view. In Kant’s Theory of Knowledge an attempt is made to relate Kant’s arguments in the Critique of Pure Reason to contemporary issues by expressing them in a more modern idiom. The selection of issues discussed is intended to present a continuous argument, of an epistemological kind, which runs centrally through the Critique. The argument deals with essentially with the problems, raised in the Transcendental Analytic, about the status of categories. It deals with certain preliminary assumptions made in setting these problems, and discusses the way in which the various sections of the Analytic contribute to their solution. It also deals with Kant’s criticisms of traditional metaphysics, and ends with an account of his effort in the Third Antinomy to resolve the conflict between freedom and causality, and so to effect a transition of knowledge to moral philosophy.

Swahili Muslim Publics and Postcolonial Experience

Swahili Muslim Publics and Postcolonial Experience
Author: Kai Kresse
Publsiher: Indiana University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN 10: 0253037557
ISBN 13: 9780253037558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Swahili Muslim Publics and Postcolonial Experience Book Review:

Swahili Muslim Publics and Postcolonial Experience is an exploration of the ideas and public discussions that have shaped and defined the experience of Kenyan coastal Muslims. Focusing on Kenyan postcolonial history, Kai Kresse isolates the ideas that coastal Muslims have used to separate themselves from their "upcountry Christian" countrymen. Kresse looks back to key moments and key texts—pamphlets, newspapers, lectures, speeches, radio discussions—as a way to map out the postcolonial experience and how it is negotiated in the coastal Muslim community. On one level, this is a historical ethnography of how and why the content of public discussion matters so much to communities at particular points in time. Kresse shows how intellectual practices can lead to a regional understanding of the world and society. On another level, this ethnography of the postcolonial experience also reveals dimensions of intellectual practice in religious communities and thus provides an alternative model that offers a non-Western way to understand regional conceptual frameworks and intellectual practice.

On Moral Certainty Justification and Practice

On Moral Certainty  Justification and Practice
Author: J. Hermann
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2015-06-23
ISBN 10: 1137447184
ISBN 13: 9781137447180
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

On Moral Certainty Justification and Practice Book Review:

Taking inspiration from the later Wittgenstein, On Moral Certainty, Justification and Practice explores the practical basis of human morality. It offers an account of moral certainty, which it links with a view of moral competence. Drawing on everyday examples, it is shown how morality is grounded in action, not in reasoning.

Ethics for a Finite World

Ethics for a Finite World
Author: Herschel Elliott
Publsiher: Fulcrum Publishing
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9781555915452
ISBN 13: 1555915450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethics for a Finite World Book Review:

Translation: even Prius-loving environmentalists can't claim that they're saving the Earth, not until they lace up their walking shoes."--Jacket.

Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Xunzi

Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Xunzi
Author: Eric L. Hutton
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 565
Release: 2016-11-09
ISBN 10: 9401777454
ISBN 13: 9789401777452
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Xunzi Book Review:

This volume presents a comprehensive analysis of the Confucian thinker Xunzi and his work, which shares the same name. It features a variety of disciplinary perspectives and offers divergent interpretations. The disagreements reveal that, as with any other classic, the Xunzi provides fertile ground for readers. It is a source from which they have drawn—and will continue to draw—different lessons. In more than 15 essays, the contributors examine Xunzi’s views on topics such as human nature, ritual, music, ethics, and politics. They also look at his relations with other thinkers in early China and consider his influence in East Asian intellectual history. A number of important Chinese scholars in the Song dynasty (960–1279 CE) sought to censor the Xunzi. They thought that it offered a heretical and impure version of Confuciansim. As a result, they directed study away from the Xunzi. This has diminished the popularity of the work. However, the essays presented here help to change this situation. They open the text’s riches to Western students and scholars. The book also highlights the substantial impact the Xunzi has had on thinkers throughout history, even on those who were critical of it. Overall, readers will gain new insights and a deeper understanding of this important, but often neglected, thinker.