Paleoecological Research on Easter Island

Paleoecological Research on Easter Island
Author: Valentí Rull
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-08-21
ISBN 10: 0128227478
ISBN 13: 9780128227473
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paleoecological Research on Easter Island Book Review:

Paleocological Research on Easter Island: Insights on Settlement, Climate Changes, Deforestation and Cultural Shifts examines the area’s climatic and ecological history, a topic not usually addressed in other literature. The book provides a thorough and synthetic account of all paleoecological works developed to date, including the latest discoveries. Finally, it attempts to match paleoecological evidence with the results of other disciplines creating a multidisciplinary framework. This approach to the field is ideal for researchers, university professors and graduate students in a varied range of disciplines and subdisciplines, including ecology, paleoecology, paleoclimatology, biogeography, sedimentology, and paleontology. Users will find synthesized information on Easter Island from the last millennia that will help pave the way towards an integrated interdisciplinary vision of the island’s environmental-ecological-cultural system as a complex functional unit. Human and environmental deterministic views are avoided and the Easter Island enigmas are analyzed under a holistic perspective of continuous feedbacks and synergies among the different components of the system. Provides the first synthesis of the available paleoecological knowledge on Easter Island Furnishes clues on how to integrate paleoecological information with evidence from other disciplines Addresses the complexity of the environmental-ecological-cultural system by analyzing the interactions (feedbacks and synergies) among its components

Paleoecology of Easter Island Natural and Anthropogenic Drivers of Ecological Change

Paleoecology of Easter Island  Natural and Anthropogenic Drivers of Ecological Change
Author: Valentí Rull,Santiago Giralt
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 74
Release: 2018-09-04
ISBN 10: 2889455629
ISBN 13: 9782889455621
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paleoecology of Easter Island Natural and Anthropogenic Drivers of Ecological Change Book Review:

After more than three decades of paleoecological research, the potential role of climatic and anthropogenic drivers on Easter Island's ecological and cultural change is still under discussion. This eBook aims to provide a synthetic view of the topic using evidence from different research fields such as paleoecology, archaeology, history and molecular phylogenetics. A holistic approach is provided to combine the results of these research fields into a comprehensive framework able to account for most of the available multidisciplinary evidence. This eBook is dedicated to the memory of John R. Flenley, the pioneer of paleoecological study of Easter Island, who passed away on June 22, 2018.

Quaternary Ecology Evolution and Biogeography

Quaternary Ecology  Evolution  and Biogeography
Author: Valenti Rull
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2020-03-06
ISBN 10: 0128204737
ISBN 13: 9780128204733
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quaternary Ecology Evolution and Biogeography Book Review:

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography is an introduction on the study of the ecological and evolutionary processes that have shaped our present biosphere under the influence of glacial-interglacial cycles. Written by a renowned ecologist with paleoecological expertise, the book reviews the climactic changes that have occurred during the last million years, along with the responses of organisms and ecosystems. The book offers an understanding of the evolutionary origin of extant biodiversity, its biogeographical patterns, and the composition of modern ecological communities. In addition, it explores human evolution and the influence of our activities on the biosphere, especially in the last millennia. The valuable resource is intended for a wide audience, including researchers and students in natural sciences. It offers the latest information on how studying the past can contribute to our understanding of present climate issues for a better future.

Neotropical Diversification Patterns and Processes

Neotropical Diversification  Patterns and Processes
Author: Valentí Rull,Ana Carolina Carnaval
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 820
Release: 2020-03-30
ISBN 10: 3030311678
ISBN 13: 9783030311674
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neotropical Diversification Patterns and Processes Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the patterns of biodiversity in various neotropical ecosystems, as well as a discussion on their historical biogeographies and underlying diversification processes. All chapters were written by prominent researchers in the fields of tropical biology, molecular ecology, climatology, paleoecology, and geography, producing an outstanding collection of essays, synthetic analyses, and novel investigations that describe and improve our understanding of the biodiversity of this unique region. With chapters on the Amazon and Caribbean forests, the Atlantic rainforests, the Andes, the Cerrado savannahs, the Caatinga drylands, the Chaco, and Mesoamerica – along with broad taxonomic coverage – this book summarizes a wide range of hypotheses, views, and methods concerning the processes and mechanisms of neotropical diversification. The range of perspectives presented makes the book a truly comprehensive, state-of-the-art publication on the topic, which will fascinate both scientists and general readers alike.

Biodiversity of Pantepui

Biodiversity of Pantepui
Author: Valentí Rull,Teresa Vegas-Vilarrúbia,Otto Huber,Celsa Señaris
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2019-06-12
ISBN 10: 0128155922
ISBN 13: 9780128155929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity of Pantepui Book Review:

Biodiversity of Pantepui: The Pristine "Lost World" of the Neotropical Guiana Highlands provides the most updated and comprehensive knowledge on the biota, origin, and evolution of the Pantepui biogeographical province. It synthesizes historical information and recent discoveries, covering the main biogeographic patterns, evolutionary trends, and conservational efforts. Written by international experts on the biodiversity of this pristine land, this book explores what makes Pantepui a unique natural laboratory to study the origin and evolution of Neotropical biodiversity under the influence of only natural drivers. It discusses the organisms living in Pentepui, including algae, plants, several groups of invertebrates, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals. The latter portion of the book delves into the effects of human activity and global warming on Pantepui, and current conservational efforts to combat these threats. Biodiversity of Pantepui is an important resource for researchers in ecology, biogeography, evolution, and conservation, who want to understand the biodiversity and natural history of this region, and how to help conserve and protect the Guiana Highlands from environmental and human damages. Offers a climactic and ecological history of the region since the Late Glacial epoch Discusses the evolutionary origin of the Pantepui biota and its biogeographical patterns Led by a team of editors whose expertise includes Pantepui, the Guiana Shield, and the Neotropics in general

Skeletal Biology of the Ancient Rapanui Easter Islanders

Skeletal Biology of the Ancient Rapanui  Easter Islanders
Author: Vincent H. Stefan,George W. Gill
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2016-01-07
ISBN 10: 1107023661
ISBN 13: 9781107023666
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Skeletal Biology of the Ancient Rapanui Easter Islanders Book Review:

A succinct volume presenting current views of Rapanui prehistory, utilising biological evidence to modify existing archaeological and cultural anthropological preconceptions.

Collapse

Collapse
Author: Jared Diamond
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2013-03-21
ISBN 10: 0141976969
ISBN 13: 9780141976969
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Collapse Book Review:

From the author of Guns, Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond's Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive is a visionary study of the mysterious downfall of past civilizations. Now in a revised edition with a new afterword, Jared Diamond's Collapse uncovers the secret behind why some societies flourish, while others founder - and what this means for our future. What happened to the people who made the forlorn long-abandoned statues of Easter Island? What happened to the architects of the crumbling Maya pyramids? Will we go the same way, our skyscrapers one day standing derelict and overgrown like the temples at Angkor Wat? Bringing together new evidence from a startling range of sources and piecing together the myriad influences, from climate to culture, that make societies self-destruct, Jared Diamond's Collapse also shows how - unlike our ancestors - we can benefit from our knowledge of the past and learn to be survivors. 'A grand sweep from a master storyteller of the human race' - Daily Mail 'Riveting, superb, terrifying' - Observer 'Gripping ... the book fulfils its huge ambition, and Diamond is the only man who could have written it' - Economis 'This book shines like all Diamond's work' - Sunday Times

Easter Island

Easter Island
Author: John Loret,John T. Tanacredi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461501830
ISBN 13: 9781461501831
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Easter Island Book Review:

Easter Island, a World Heritage Site is still, after over 50 years since Thor Heyerdahl's work on the island, a fascinating area to explore and learn about a culture that has only remnants remaining, while documenting a marine ecology still mostly unknown. Easter Island: Scientific Exploration into the World's Environmental Problems in Microcosm presents the research results from three years of interdisciplinary expeditions to Easter Island. The primary objectives were to investigate the effects of human population growth on the ecology of the island and to discover whether any dramatic climatic changes such as a prolonged El Niño could have disrupted the island's fragile ecosystem. The interdisciplinary scientific team were mainly researching the paleontology, archaeology, climatology, and geophysics of the island. This book now brings together the results of the three expeditions, identifies new areas of research, and hopefully will continue to inspire aspiring scientists to revisit this amazing island to explore and demystify this timeless enigma of human history.

Pollution of Lakes and Rivers

Pollution of Lakes and Rivers
Author: John P. Smol
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2009-03-12
ISBN 10: 1444307576
ISBN 13: 9781444307573
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pollution of Lakes and Rivers Book Review:

Now in its second edition, Pollution of Lakes and Rivers provides essential insights into present-day water quality problems from an international perspective. Explains simply and effectively how lake sediments can be used to reconstruct pollution history Includes over 200 additional references and a new chapter on recent climatic change and its effects on water quality and quantity Tackles present-day water quality problems from an international perspective Previously published by Hodder Arnold PowerPoint slides of the artwork from the book are available from: http://post.queensu.ca/~pearl/textbook.htm Reviews: "This is a very well-written and wide-ranging volume that is both instructive and topical. It is likely to prove useful as an introduction to the general area, a reference source and for teaching purposes." (The Holocene, November 2008) "If you thought that paleolimnology was just mud, pollen, and diatoms then you will likely be both struck by the complexity of this field of research and grateful that John Smol, FRSC, has described it so clearly and broadly. Simply put, the second edition is an excellent book." ( Journal of Phycology, 2008) “This is a useful text. It provides a good level of detail so that the beginner in this area can appreciate what palaeolimnology can (and cannot) achieve. It goes beyond the simple introduction to provide a detailed understanding of how techniques can be applied ... This is a different take on the usual pollution text and would be of great use to those wishing to understand more from sedimentary records.” Taken from the British Ecological Society’s Teaching Ecology website "John Smol has extensive experience in this field of paleoenvironmental research which he combines well with his excellent written communication skills to produce a text that is easy to read but also thought provoking." (Quaternary Science Reviews, 2009) “The breadth of coverage in this text is impressive.” (Lake and Reservoir Management, 2009) “If I could speak with fluidity and clarity in my lectures as consistently as John Smol writes my students would be very grateful.” (Journal of Paleolimnology, 2009)

The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics

The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Geologic Record of Biosphere Dynamics
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2005-01-13
ISBN 10: 9780309165327
ISBN 13: 0309165326
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics Book Review:

In order to answer important questions about ecosystems and biodiversity, scientists can look to the past geological recordâ€"which includes fossils, sediment and ice cores, and tree rings. Because of recent advances in earth scientists’ ability to analyze biological and environmental information from geological data, the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Geological Survey asked a National Research Council (NRC) committee to assess the scientific opportunities provided by the geologic record and recommend how scientists can take advantage of these opportunities for the nation’s benefit. The committee identified three initiatives for future research to be developed over the next decade: (1) use the geological record as a “natural laboratory†to explore changes in living things under a range of past conditions, (2) use the record to better predict the response of biological systems to climate change, and (3) use geologic information to evaluate the effects of human and non-human factors on ecosystems. The committee also offered suggestions for improving the field through better training, improved databases, and additional funding.

Understanding Collapse

Understanding Collapse
Author: Guy D. Middleton
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 441
Release: 2017-06-26
ISBN 10: 110715149X
ISBN 13: 9781107151499
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Collapse Book Review:

In this lively survey, Guy D. Middleton critically examines our ideas about collapse - how we explain it and how we have constructed potentially misleading myths around collapses - showing how and why collapse of societies was a much more complex phenomenon than is often admitted.

Applications of Paleoenvironmental Techniques in Estuarine Studies

Applications of Paleoenvironmental Techniques in Estuarine Studies
Author: Kaarina Weckström,Krystyna M. Saunders,Peter A. Gell,C. Gregory Skilbeck
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2017-02-13
ISBN 10: 9402409904
ISBN 13: 9789402409901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Paleoenvironmental Techniques in Estuarine Studies Book Review:

The aim of this edited volume is to introduce the scientific community to paleoenvironmental studies of estuaries, to highlight the types of information that can be obtained from such studies, and to promote the use of paleoenvironmental studies in estuarine management. Readers will learn about the the application of different paleoecological approaches used in estuaries that develop our understanding of their response to natural and human influences. Particular attention is given to the essential steps required for undertaking a paleoecological study, in particular with regard to site selection, core extraction and chronological techniques, followed by the range of indicators that can be used. A series of case studies are discussed in the book to demonstrate how paleoecological studies can be used to address key questions, and to sustainably manage these important coastal environments in the future. This book will appeal to professional scientists interested in estuarine studies and/or paleoenvironmental research, as well as estuarine managers who are interested in the incorporation of paleoenvironmental research into their management programs.

Palynology and Vegetation History

Palynology and Vegetation History
Author: Valentí Rull,Encarni Montoya,Thomas Giesecke,Jesse L. Morris
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-01-11
ISBN 10: 2889456870
ISBN 13: 9782889456871
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Palynology and Vegetation History Book Review:

This Research Topic commemorates the centenary of the first quantitative pollen diagram by Lennart von Post, the founder of paleoecological palynology. The main aim is to provide a thorough view of the use of palynology in aspects such as the reconstruction of Quaternary vegetation and environmental changes, the role of natural and anthropogenic drivers in the development of the Quaternary vegetation, the shaping of present-day ecological and biogeographical patterns, the potential application of this knowledge in biodiversity conservation and landscape restoration and the development of new methods of pollen analysis and data management. The Research Topic is subdivided into four main conceptual parts, namely (1) modern analog studies; (2) land cover estimates from pollen data; (3) vegetation dynamics reconstructions from Europe, North and South America, Africa and Oceania; and (4) large-scale reviews and meta-analyses. Hopefully, this Research Topic will serve to appraise the state of the art of modern palynology and highlight the usefulness of this discipline in long-term ecological research.

The Last Tree on Easter Island

The Last Tree on Easter Island
Author: Jared Diamond
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 96
Release: 2021-08-26
ISBN 10: 0141997079
ISBN 13: 9780141997070
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Last Tree on Easter Island Book Review:

In twenty short books, Penguin brings you the classics of the environmental movement. This is Jared Diamond's haunting account of visiting the mysterious stone statues of Easter Island, showing how a remote civilization destroyed itself by exploiting its own natural resources - and why we must heed this warning. Over the past 75 years, a new canon has emerged. As life on Earth has become irrevocably altered by humans, visionary thinkers around the world have raised their voices to defend the planet, and affirm our place at the heart of its restoration. Their words have endured through the decades, becoming the classics of a movement. Together, these books show the richness of environmental thought, and point the way to a fairer, saner, greener world.

Rediscovering Geography

Rediscovering Geography
Author: Rediscovering Geography Committee,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 241
Release: 1997-04-11
ISBN 10: 0309577624
ISBN 13: 9780309577625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rediscovering Geography Book Review:

As political, economic, and environmental issues increasingly spread across the globe, the science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators alike. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers. Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Through discussions and highlighted case studies, this book illustrates geography's impact on international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, the spread of AIDS, and much more. The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers. Rediscovering Geography provides a blueprint for the future of the discipline, recommending how to strengthen its intellectual and institutional foundation and meet the demand for geographic expertise among professionals and the public.

Deforestation Drought and Humans

Deforestation  Drought and Humans
Author: Candace Lynn Gossen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 467
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:759172804
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deforestation Drought and Humans Book Review:

The mystery of the trees of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is a complex problem within a dynamic ecosystem. With new physical cores from the volcanic crater lake Rano Kao, this dissertation uncovers a detailed 15,000 year ecological history of Easter Island and its climatic variability. New radiocarbon dating methods establish a more precise chronology which shows that the island before human habitation was very different than what we know today. It had a simple but prolific ecology that transitioned into a barren grassland. What factors caused the transition are unclear but are likely to be human related. As the forests slowly disappeared, it could have triggered changes in regional and local climate, particularly rainfall, which generally leads to a rapid loss of ecosystems. With virtually stable climate conditions over the last 2,000 years, Easter Island has lost 33 species of plants including the giant palms, and still has not recovered today. This research challenges the previously accepted theory that humans deforested the island for the sole purpose of moving the Moai around, and focuses rather on uncovering the role of climate change that may have altered the ecosystem. New cores were obtained in 2005 from Rano Kao that were radiocarbon dated using scirpus seeds. The nine meters of core were sampled for oxygen isotope analysis of the lake water changes, a new science to the island. Detailed palynological studies of pollen and non-pollen palynomorphs uncovered changing vegetation patterns that aligned with a 700 year drought cycle. Conclusions support a cool-dry event that occurred 545 years ago, at which time the giant palms disappeared. While it was not the focus of this study, evidence confirms human occupation for more than 500 years before the disappearance of the trees.

Methods in Paleoecology

Methods in Paleoecology
Author: Darin A. Croft,Denise F. Su,Scott W. Simpson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2018-10-27
ISBN 10: 3319942654
ISBN 13: 9783319942650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods in Paleoecology Book Review:

This volume focuses on the reconstruction of past ecosystems and provides a comprehensive review of current techniques and their application in exemplar studies. The 18 chapters address a wide variety of topics that span vertebrate paleobiology and paleoecology (body mass, postcranial functional morphology, evolutionary dental morphology, microwear and mesowear, ecomorphology, mammal community structure analysis), contextual paleoenvironmental studies (paleosols and sedimentology, ichnofossils, pollen, phytoliths, plant macrofossils), and special techniques (bone microstructure, biomineral isotopes, inorganic isotopes, 3-D morphometrics, and ecometric modeling). A final chapter discusses how to integrate results of these studies with taphonomic data in order to more accurately characterize an ancient ecosystem. Current investigators, advanced undergraduates, and graduate students interested in the field of paleoecology will find this book immensely useful. The length and structure of the volume also makes it suitable for teaching a college-level course on reconstructing Cenozoic ecosystems.

Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions

Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions
Author: James O. Luken,John W. Thieret
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461219264
ISBN 13: 9781461219262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment and Management of Plant Invasions Book Review:

Biological invasion of native plant communities is a high-priority problem in the field of environmental management. Resource managers, biologists, and all those involved in plant communities must consider ecological interactions when assessing both the effects of plant invasion and the long-term effects of management. Sections of the book cover human perceptions of invading plants, assessment of ecological interactions, direct management, and regulation and advocacy. It also includes an appendix with descriptive data for many of the worst weeds.

Tropical Forests

Tropical Forests
Author: Bernard A. Marcus
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 076375434X
ISBN 13: 9780763754341
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Forests Book Review:

The first text in a series of single topic ecology books, Tropic Forests is an ideal text or supplement for introductory biology, ecology, and environmental science courses. It provides students with an accurate, easy to read, and easy to understand account of this important environmental topic that is often overlooked or glossed over in general texts. It's narrative style and clear illustrations and diagrams engage students, and paint a clear picture of the important concepts presented throughout the text.

Tropical Forests

Tropical Forests
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 1449673880
ISBN 13: 9781449673888
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Forests Book Review: