Oxidative Damage to Plants

Oxidative Damage to Plants
Author: Parvaiz Ahmad
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2014-01-29
ISBN 10: 0128004606
ISBN 13: 9780128004609
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxidative Damage to Plants Book Review:

With contributions that review research on this topic throughout the world, Oxidative Damage to Plants covers key areas of discovery, from the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROSs), their mechanisms, quenching of these ROSs through enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, and detailed aspects of such antioxidants as SOD and CAT. Environmental stress is responsible for the generation of oxidative stress, which causes oxidative damage to biomolecules and hence reduces crop yield. To cope up with these problems, scientists have to fully understand the generation of reactive oxygen species, its impact on plants and how plants will be able to withstand these stresses. Provides invaluable information about the role of antioxidants in alleviating oxidative stress Examines both the negative effects (senescence, impaired photosynthesis and necrosis) and positive effects (crucial role that superoxide plays against invading microbes) of ROS on plants Features contributors from a variety of regions globally

Reactive Oxygen Species and Oxidative Damage in Plants Under Stress

Reactive Oxygen Species and Oxidative Damage in Plants Under Stress
Author: Dharmendra K. Gupta,José M. Palma,Francisco J. Corpas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2015-09-07
ISBN 10: 3319204211
ISBN 13: 9783319204215
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Oxygen Species and Oxidative Damage in Plants Under Stress Book Review:

This book provides detailed and comprehensive information on oxidative damage caused by stresses in plants with especial reference to the metabolism of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In plants, as in all aerobic organisms, ROS are common by-products formed by the inevitable leakage of electrons onto O2 from the electron transport activities located in chloroplasts, mitochondria, peroxisomes and in plasma membranes or as a consequence of various metabolic pathways confined in different cellular loci. Environmental stresses such as heat, cold, drought, salinity, heavy-metal toxicity, ozone and ultraviolet radiation as well as pathogens/contagion attack lead to enhanced generation of ROS in plants due to disruption of cellular homeostasis. ROS play a dual role in plants; at low concentrations they act as signaling molecules that facilitate several responses in plant cells, including those promoted by biotic and abiotic agents. In divergence, at high levels they cause damage to cellular constituents triggering oxidative stress. In either case, small antioxidant molecules and enzymes modulate the action of these ambivalent species.

Oxidative Stress in Plants

Oxidative Stress in Plants
Author: Naser A. Anjum,Shahid Umar,Altaf Ahmad
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9789381141021
ISBN 13: 9381141029
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxidative Stress in Plants Book Review:

Reactive Oxygen Nitrogen and Sulfur Species in Plants

Reactive Oxygen  Nitrogen and Sulfur Species in Plants
Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Vasileios Fotopoulos,Kamrun Nahar,Masayuki Fujita
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2019-07-02
ISBN 10: 1119468663
ISBN 13: 9781119468660
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Oxygen Nitrogen and Sulfur Species in Plants Book Review:

Presents a multidisciplinary analysis of the integration among reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS), and reactive sulfur species (RSS). Since plants are the main source of our food, the improvement of their productivity is the most important task for plant biologists. In this book, leading experts accumulate the recent development in the research on oxidative stress and approaches to enhance antioxidant defense system in crop plants. They discuss both the plant responses to oxidative stress and mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance, and cover all of the recent approaches towards understanding oxidative stress in plants, providing comprehensive information about the topics. It also discusses how reactive nitrogen species and reactive sulfur species regulate plant physiology and plant tolerance to environmental stresses. Reactive Oxygen, Nitrogen and Sulfur Species in Plants: Production, Metabolism, Signaling and Defense Mechanisms covers everything readers need to know in four comprehensive sections. It starts by looking at reactive oxygen species metabolism and antioxidant defense. Next, it covers reactive nitrogen species metabolism and signaling before going on to reactive sulfur species metabolism and signaling. The book finishes with a section that looks at crosstalk among reactive oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur species based on current research done by experts. Presents the newest method for understanding oxidative stress in plants. Covers both the plant responses to oxidative stress and mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance Details the integration among reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and reactive sulfur species (RSS) Written by 140 experts in the field of plant stress physiology, crop improvement, and genetic engineering Providing a comprehensive collection of up-to-date knowledge spanning from biosynthesis and metabolism to signaling pathways implicated in the involvement of RONSS to plant defense mechanisms, Reactive Oxygen, Nitrogen and Sulfur Species in Plants: Production, Metabolism, Signaling and Defense Mechanisms is an excellent book for plant breeders, molecular biologists, and plant physiologists, as well as a guide for students in the field of Plant Science.

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants
Author: Arun Shanker,Chitra Shanker
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2016-02-17
ISBN 10: 9535122509
ISBN 13: 9789535122500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants Book Review:

The impact of global climate change on crop production has emerged as a major research priority during the past decade. Understanding abiotic stress factors such as temperature and drought tolerance and biotic stress tolerance traits such as insect pest and pathogen resistance in combination with high yield in plants is of paramount importance to counter climate change related adverse effects on the productivity of crops. In this multi-authored book, we present synthesis of information for developing strategies to combat plant stress. Our effort here is to present a judicious mixture of basic as well as applied research outlooks so as to interest workers in all areas of plant science. We trust that the information covered in this book would bridge the much-researched area of stress in plants with the much-needed information for evolving climate-ready crop cultivars to ensure food security in the future.

Reactive Oxygen Species in Plant Biology

Reactive Oxygen Species in Plant Biology
Author: Soumen Bhattacharjee
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 187
Release: 2019-05-10
ISBN 10: 8132239415
ISBN 13: 9788132239413
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Oxygen Species in Plant Biology Book Review:

This book highlights the latest advances made in the niche area of Reactive Oxygen Species and Redox processes in plants. It offers a valuable guide for researchers and students alike, providing insights into sensing, detox scavenging, the role in oxidative deterioration, and signaling associated with redox-regulatory processes in plants. The book also dramatically demonstrates how these amazingly resourceful molecular species and radicals are poised at the core of a sophisticated network of signaling pathways, and act as vital regulators of plants’ cell physiology and cellular responses to the environment. The molecular language associated with ROS-mediated signal transduction, which produces modulations in gene expression that determine plants’ stress acclamatory performance, is also discussed. The book subsequently provides information on current trends in redox proteomics and genomics, which include efforts to gain a fuller understanding of these redox players’ role in cellular processes, and to further the application of this knowledge to technology and agriculture. Given its scope and format, the book offers a valuable asset for students of Plant Sciences, Agriculture, and Molecular Biology, as well as readers engaged in research on and teaching ROS Biology.

Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress

Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress
Author: Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Dr. Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2019-07-22
ISBN 10: 1119463696
ISBN 13: 9781119463696
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress Book Review:

A close examination of current research on abiotic stresses in various plant species The unpredictable environmental stress conditions associated with climate change are significant challenges to global food security, crop productivity, and agricultural sustainability. Rapid population growth and diminishing resources necessitate the development of crops that can adapt to environmental extremities. Although significant advancements have been made in developing plants through improved crop breeding practices and genetic manipulation, further research is necessary to understand how genes and metabolites for stress tolerance are modulated, and how cross-talk and regulators can be tuned to achieve stress tolerance. Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress: Biology and Biotechnology is an extensive investigation of the various forms of abiotic stresses encountered in plants, and susceptibility or tolerance mechanisms found in different plant species. In-depth examination of morphological, anatomical, biochemical, molecular and gene expression levels enables plant scientists to identify the different pathways and signaling cascades involved in stress response. This timely book: Covers a wide range of abiotic stresses in multiple plant species Provides researchers and scientists with transgenic strategies to overcome stress tolerances in several plant species Compiles the most recent research and up-to-date data on stress tolerance Examines both selective breeding and genetic engineering approaches to improving plant stress tolerances Written and edited by prominent scientists and researchers from across the globe Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress: Biology and Biotechnology is a valuable source of information for students, academics, scientists, researchers, and industry professionals in fields including agriculture, botany, molecular biology, biochemistry and biotechnology, and plant physiology.

Ascorbate Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants

Ascorbate Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants
Author: Naser A. Anjum,Shahid Umar,Ming-Tsair Chan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 443
Release: 2010-08-20
ISBN 10: 9789048194049
ISBN 13: 9048194040
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ascorbate Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants Book Review:

Plants are sessile organisms that live under a constant barrage of biotic and abiotic insults. Both biotic and abiotic stress factors have been shown to affect various aspects of plant system including the acceleration in the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The ascorbate (AsA)-glutathione (GSH) pathway is a key part of the network of reactions involving enzymes and metabolites with redox properties for the detoxification of ROS, and thus to avert the ROS-accrued oxidative damage in plants. The present book mainly deals with the information gained through the cross-talks and inter-relationship studies on the physiological, biochemical and molecular aspects of the cumulative response of various components of AsA-GSH pathway to stress factors and their significance in plant stress tolerance.

Antioxidants and Reactive Oxygen Species in Plants

Antioxidants and Reactive Oxygen Species in Plants
Author: Nicholas Smirnoff
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN 10: 1405171464
ISBN 13: 9781405171465
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antioxidants and Reactive Oxygen Species in Plants Book Review:

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced during the interaction of metabolism with oxygen. As ROS have the potential to cause oxidative damage by reacting with biomolecules, research on ROS has concentrated on the oxidative damage that results from exposure to environmental stresses and on the role of ROS in defence against pathogens. However, more recently, it has become apparent that ROS also have important roles as signalling molecules. A complex network of enzymatic and small molecule antioxidants controls the concentration of ROS and repairs oxidative damage, and research is revealing the complex and subtle interplay between ROS and antioxidants in controlling plant growth, development and response to the environment. This book covers these new developments, generally focussing on molecular and biochemical details and providing a point of entry to the detailed literature. It is directed at researchers and professionals in plant molecular biology, biochemistry and cell biology, in both the academic and industrial sectors.

Phytochemicals

Phytochemicals
Author: Toshiki Asao,Md Asaduzzaman
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2018-11-07
ISBN 10: 1789843774
ISBN 13: 9781789843774
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytochemicals Book Review:

Phytochemicals provides original research work and reviews on the sources of phytochemicals, and their roles in disease prevention, supplementation, and accumulation in fruits and vegetables. The roles of anthocyanin, flavonoids, carotenoids, and taxol are presented in separate chapters. Antioxidative and free radicle scavenging activity of phytochemicals is also discussed. The medicinal properties of Opuntia, soybean, sea buckthorn, and gooseberry are presented in a number of chapters. Supplementation of plant extract with phytochemical properties in broiler meals is discussed in one chapter. The final two chapters include the impact of agricultural practices and novel processing technologies on the accumulation of phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables. This book mainly focuses on medicinal plants and the disease-preventing properties of phytochemicals, which will be a useful resource to the reader.

Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants in Higher Plants

Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants in Higher Plants
Author: S. Dutta Gupta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2010-09-15
ISBN 10: 1439854084
ISBN 13: 9781439854082
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants in Higher Plants Book Review:

Providing basic information on reactive oxygen species (ROS), this volume describes new developments in the action of ROS, the role of antioxidants, and the mechanisms developed to scavenge free radical associated cellular damage. It illustrates the chemistry of ROS, ROS signaling, antioxidative defense systems, transgene approaches in scavenging R

Redox Homeostasis in Plants

Redox Homeostasis in Plants
Author: Sanjib Kumar Panda,Yoshiharu Y. Yamamoto
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2019-04-23
ISBN 10: 331995315X
ISBN 13: 9783319953151
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Redox Homeostasis in Plants Book Review:

This book summarizes the latest research results on the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plants, particularly in many abiotic stresses, and their regulation. Redox homeostasis refers to maintaining a balance of oxidised and reduced state of biomolecules in a biological system for all-round sustenance. In a living system, redox reactions contribute to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which act as signalling molecules for developmental as well as stress-response processes in plants. It is presumed that, being sessile and an aerobe requiring oxygen for mitochondrial energy production, as well as producing oxygen during photosynthesis, the redox homeostasis process is more complex and regulated in plants than in animals. Any imbalance in the homeostasis is mainly compensated for by the production of various ROS molecules, which, though they can cause severe oxidative damage in excess, can also ideally act as signalling molecules.

Antioxidants and Antioxidant Enzymes in Higher Plants

Antioxidants and Antioxidant Enzymes in Higher Plants
Author: Dharmendra K. Gupta,José M. Palma,Francisco J. Corpas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2018-03-10
ISBN 10: 3319750887
ISBN 13: 9783319750880
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antioxidants and Antioxidant Enzymes in Higher Plants Book Review:

This book provides an overview of antioxidants and antioxidant enzymes and their role in the mechanisms of signaling and cellular tolerance under stress in plant systems. Major reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging/modulating enzymes include the superoxide dismutase (SOD) that dismutates O2 into H2O2, which is followed by the coordinated action of a set of enzymes including catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and peroxiredoxins (Prx) that remove H2O2. In addition to the ROS scavenging enzymes, a number of other enzymes are found in various subcellular compartments, which are involved in maintaining such redox homeostasis either by directly scavenging particular ROS and ROS-byproducts or by replenishing antioxidants. In that respect, these enzymes can be also considered antioxidants. Such enzymes include monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDAR), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), glutathione reductase (GR), alternative oxidases (AOXs), peroxidases (PODs) and glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). Some non-enzymatic antioxidants, such as ascorbic acid (vitamin C), carotenes (provitamin A), tocopherols (vitamin E), and glutathione (GSH), work in concert with antioxidant enzymes to sustain an intracellular steady-state level of ROS that promotes plant growth, development, cell cycles and hormone signaling, and reinforces the responses to abiotic and biotic environmental stressors. Offering a unique compilation of information on antioxidants and antioxidant enzymes, this is a valuable resource for advanced students and researchers working on plant biochemistry, physiology, biotechnology, and signaling in cell organelles, and those specializing in plant enzyme technology.

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants
Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman,M.N.V. Prasad,Masayuki Fujita
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 619
Release: 2018-11-28
ISBN 10: 0128148659
ISBN 13: 9780128148655
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book Review:

Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants: From Physiology to Remediation presents a single research resource on the latest in cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants. The book covers many important areas, including means of Cd reduction, from plant adaptation, including antioxidant defense, active excretion and chelation, to phytoextraction, rhizo filtration, phytodegradation, and much more. In addition, it explores important insights into the physiological and molecular mechanisms of Cd uptake and transport and presents options for improving resistance to Cd stresses. It will be ideal for both researchers and students working on cadmium pollution, plant responses and related fields of environmental contamination and toxicology. Includes all aspects of cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants Provides a comprehensive overview of advances in cadmium toxicity, tolerance and adaptation in plants Elaborates on the advancement of eco-friendly techniques for cadmium remediation from soil and water Provides real-world, application focused techniques

Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance
Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Khalid Rehman Hakeem,Kamrun Nahar,Hesham F. Alharby
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2019-04-04
ISBN 10: 3030061183
ISBN 13: 9783030061180
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance Book Review:

Plants have to manage a series of environmental stresses throughout their entire lifespan. Among these, abiotic stress is the most detrimental; one that is responsible for nearly 50% of crop yield reduction and appears to be a potential threat to global food security in coming decades. Plant growth and development reduces drastically due to adverse effects of abiotic stresses. It has been estimated that crop can exhibit only 30% of their genetic potentiality under abiotic stress condition. So, this is a fundamental need to understand the stress responses to facilitate breeders to develop stress resistant and stress tolerant cultivars along with good management practices to withstand abiotic stresses. Also, a holistic approach to understanding the molecular and biochemical interactions of plants is important to implement the knowledge of resistance mechanisms under abiotic stresses. Agronomic practices like selecting cultivars that is tolerant to wide range of climatic condition, planting date, irrigation scheduling, fertilizer management could be some of the effective short-term adaptive tools to fight against abiotic stresses. In addition, “system biology” and “omics approaches” in recent studies offer a long-term opportunity at the molecular level in dealing with abiotic stresses. The genetic approach, for example, selection and identification of major conditioning genes by linkage mapping and quantitative trait loci (QTL), production of mutant genes and transgenic introduction of novel genes, has imparted some tolerant characteristics in crop varieties from their wild ancestors. Recently research has revealed the interactions between micro-RNAs (miRNAs) and plant stress responses exposed to salinity, freezing stress and dehydration. Accordingly transgenic approaches to generate stress-tolerant plant are one of the most interesting researches to date. This book presents the recent development of agronomic and molecular approaches in conferring plant abiotic stress tolerance in an organized way. The present volume will be of great interest among research students and teaching community, and can also be used as reference material by professional researchers.

Oxidative Stress in Plants

Oxidative Stress in Plants
Author: Dirk Inze
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2001-10-18
ISBN 10: 0203303148
ISBN 13: 9780203303146
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxidative Stress in Plants Book Review:

Plants depend on physiological mechanisms to combat adverse environmental conditions, such as pathogen attack, wounding, drought, cold, freezing, salt, UV, intense light, heavy metals and SO2. Many of these cause excess production of active oxygen species in plant cells. Plants have evolved complex defense systems against such oxidative stress. The

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants
Author: M.N.V. Prasad
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 3662077434
ISBN 13: 9783662077436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants Book Review:

Whilst heavy metal phytotoxicity has been known for more than a century, it is astonishing that interest in the effects of heavy metals on organisms has only recently received added attention. Research in the past years, however, has confirmed the immense damage by metal pollution to plants, the soil and ultimately to humans. This completely updated and enlarged second edition gives a state-of-the art review on both field and laboratory work. It deals with the various functional and ecological aspects of heavy metal stress on plants and outlines the scope for future research and the possibilities for remediation.

Approaches for Enhancing Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Approaches for Enhancing Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants
Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Kamrun Nahar,Masayuki Fujita,Hirosuke Oku,Tofazzal Islam
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2019-01-10
ISBN 10: 1351104713
ISBN 13: 9781351104715
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Approaches for Enhancing Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants Book Review:

Plants are frequently exposed to unfavorable and adverse environmental conditions known as abiotic stressors. These factors can include salinity, drought, heat, cold, flooding, heavy metals, and UV radiation which pose serious threats to the sustainability of crop yields. Since abiotic stresses are major constraints for crop production, finding the approaches to enhance stress tolerance is crucial to increase crop production and increase food security. This book discusses approaches to enhance abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants on a global scale. Plants scientists and breeders will learn how to further mitigate plant responses and develop new crop varieties for the changing climate.

Nutritional Deficiency

Nutritional Deficiency
Author: Pinar Erkekoglu,Belma Kocer-Gumusel
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2016-07-20
ISBN 10: 9535124374
ISBN 13: 9789535124375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nutritional Deficiency Book Review:

Intake of a sufficient diet will provide an individual to live a healthy and functional life. However, poor intake of different nutritional components, such as proteins, vitamins, minerals, and trace elements, may lead to health problems that can cause morbidity and finally mortality. Assessment of nutritional status involves physical examination, comprehensive evaluation of biochemical tests, body composition, and organ functions. Both high and low intake of nutritional elements may lead to significant health impairment. The main aim of the book Nutritional Deficiency is to determine the relationships between nutritional status and general health. The authors, who are contributing to the book, particularly focused on iron, vitamin D, and zinc deficiencies, which are global health problems. Besides, some chapters mention the impact of different nutritional deficiencies in susceptible periods of life, such as pregnancy and elderly. Besides, as a result of these deficiencies, different health conditions, such as depression, anemia, loss of neuronal plasticity, and cancer, are widely scrutinized in the book. One chapter mainly focuses on the effects of disasters on nutrition and disaster-caused malnutrition in underdeveloped countries. This book will widen the knowledge store of the readers on the effects of nutrition on general health, how nutritional deficiencies arise when there is a health problem, and how the nutritional status affects susceptible populations.

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants
Author: Wenhao Dai
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2019-04-17
ISBN 10: 1498746098
ISBN 13: 9781498746090
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants Book Review:

This book addresses the importance woody plants have in agriculture, forestry, and the environment and how various stresses affect their performance. It reviews physiological and molecular responses of woody plants to major environmental stresses and focuses on the mechanisms involved in imparting resistance to stress. Chapters cover basics of plant physiology including plant structure and plant growth, photosynthesis, respiration, plant growth regulation, abiotic and biotic plant stresses including drought, water logging, nutrient deficiency, salinity, chilling, freezing, heat, oxidative stress, and heavy metal toxicity.