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Our Origins, Fourth Edition, helps students engage with the "big picture" of human evolution. Innovative media, photorealistic art, rigorously current content, new animations, new custom-produced Anthropology Matters videos, and InQuizitive adaptive learning deliver everything needed to teach a state-of-the-art class.
The Third Edition of this best-selling text now includes an update to the evolutionary primate taxonomy and even more tools to help students grasp the major concepts in physical anthropology—including new, photorealistic art.
Larsen is one of the world's top researchers, and he is also a gifted teacher. These twin skills exhibit themselves on every page of Our Origins. In addition, the book is illustrated with state-of-the-art drawn figures and images from several of the world's leading photographers. The Second Edition has been thoroughly revised to stay abreast of developments in this fast-moving field-in particular, the significance of the Arbi discovery (announced in the fall of 2009) has been incorporated throughout.
The #1 text in physical anthropology, now in a brief edition.
Science and religion need not be enemies in exploration of the origin and meaning of life. Each has its proper place in considering what Charles Darwin called the “mystery of mysteries.” When properly understood, scientific research and Christian theological reflection contribute to a deeper understanding of these mysteries. On Our Origins explores both the scientific and scriptural narratives of creation and engages in a respectful conversation between the two. Instead of rejecting faith or science, it explores both in order to propose a reasonable and holistic Christian understanding of human existence. Many aspects of this timely discussion will culminate in an examination of the claims of Christ. Does faith in Jesus of Nazareth as Savior undermine science? Or has Jesus connected humanity to the Creator in a way that brings the spiritual and physical into harmonious relationship? This is an all-important mystery we seek to unravel because we will never know who we are until we come to terms with from whence we’ve come. “In the beginning, God …” WWW.ONOURORIGINS.ORG
In Search of Our Origins presents new information on the origin of life and man, from linguistic analysis of Quran. It tells us how the first molecule of life arose on earth, what was the mechanism involved, where the event occurred and what happened subsequently. It also informs us how the first Man and his mate were created, where they were nurtured and when and where they appeared on earth.
Are religions intrinsically violent (as is strenuously argued by the ‘new atheists’)? Or, as Girard argues, have they been functionally rational instruments developed to manage and cope with the intrinsically violent runaway dynamic that characterizes human social organization in all periods of human history? Is violence decreasing in this time of secular modernity post-Christendom (as argued by Steven Pinker and others)? Or are we, rather, at increased and even apocalyptic risk from our enhanced powers of action and our decreased socio-symbolic protections? Rene Girard’s mimetic theory has been slowly but progressively recognized as one of the most striking breakthrough contributions to twentieth-century critical thinking in fundamental anthropology: in particular for its power to model and explain violent sacralities, ancient and modern. The present volume sets this power of explanation in an evolutionary and Darwinian frame. It asks: How far do cultural mechanisms of controlling violence, which allowed humankind to cross the threshold of hominization—i.e., to survive and develop in its evolutionary emergence—still represent today a default setting that threatens to destroy us? Can we transcend them and escape their field of gravity? Should we look to—or should we look beyond—Darwinian survival? What—and where (if anywhere)—is salvation?
Gives the first a coherent and comprehensive account of how meteorites may have brought the seeds of life to Earth. Embedds specific results within a broader framework that considers the creation and evolution of the Early Earth. Provides experienced researchers with a modern and compact reference, as well as a source of material for lectures in this field.
"What is the origin of the universe? Are we alone in the Universe?" Using clear and plain language, the author explores these two interesting scientific-philosophical themes with a broad range of studies, including astronomy, cosmology, chemistry, biology, geology and planet science. The first part discusses the origins of everything, from the Big Bang to humankind. It follows the long course of evolution — from original matter to the formation of more complex structures, from the furthest galaxies to the nearest stars, from planets to organic molecules, from the first and most elementary forms of life through to the reptiles, the dinosaurs and the advent of man. The second part traces the history of the Earth and evaluates the risks of extinction in the future as predicted by scientists. Is the Earth the only habitable planet in the Universe? This question initiates the discussion on the importance of the Earth's position in the solar system and the significance of our geologically alive planet. The final part is dedicated to the search for extraterrestrial beings with identifiable life forms. It also describes attempts for searching, from the past to the near future. This remarkable book provides the best answers we have to the epic questions about us and our place in the universe. Contents: "Origins: "Our OriginsThe Beginning of EverythingOrigins of Stars and PlanetsThe Origin of the ElementsThe Origins of Life"The Case of the Earth: "History of the EarthExtinctionsAn Inhabitable PlanetThe Importance of Continental DriftThe Earth: A Rare Planet?"In Search of Another Gaia: "In Search of ETIThe MeasurementAppendix A: Astronomical ObservationsAppendix B: A Few Numbers Readership: General audience interested in general science.
A powerful new theory of human nature suggests that our secret to success as a species is our unique friendliness “Brilliant, eye-opening, and absolutely inspiring—and a riveting read. Hare and Woods have written the perfect book for our time.”—Cass R. Sunstein, author of How Change Happens and co-author of Nudge For most of the approximately 300,000 years that Homo sapiens have existed, we have shared the planet with at least four other types of humans. All of these were smart, strong, and inventive. But around 50,000 years ago, Homo sapiens made a cognitive leap that gave us an edge over other species. What happened? Since Charles Darwin wrote about “evolutionary fitness,” the idea of fitness has been confused with physical strength, tactical brilliance, and aggression. In fact, what made us evolutionarily fit was a remarkable kind of friendliness, a virtuosic ability to coordinate and communicate with others that allowed us to achieve all the cultural and technical marvels in human history. Advancing what they call the “self-domestication theory,” Brian Hare, professor in the department of evolutionary anthropology and the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Duke University and his wife, Vanessa Woods, a research scientist and award-winning journalist, shed light on the mysterious leap in human cognition that allowed Homo sapiens to thrive. But this gift for friendliness came at a cost. Just as a mother bear is most dangerous around her cubs, we are at our most dangerous when someone we love is threatened by an “outsider.” The threatening outsider is demoted to sub-human, fair game for our worst instincts. Hare’s groundbreaking research, developed in close coordination with Richard Wrangham and Michael Tomasello, giants in the field of cognitive evolution, reveals that the same traits that make us the most tolerant species on the planet also make us the cruelest. Survival of the Friendliest offers us a new way to look at our cultural as well as cognitive evolution and sends a clear message: In order to survive and even to flourish, we need to expand our definition of who belongs.
The question of which of us is Aryan is one of the most contentious in India today. In this eye-opening book, scholars and experts critically examine the Aryan issue by analysing history, genetics, early Vedic scriptures, archaeology and linguistics to test and debunk various hypotheses, myths, facts and theories that are currently in vogue.
Describes the process by which the author uses knowledge of fossil discoveries and comparative ape and human anatomy to create forensically accurate representations of human beings' ancient ancestors.
In stark contrast to the usual view of human evolution as a progressive Ascent of Man from a primitive state to one of sophisticated and comfortable civilization, the book 'The Human Reality - A Reinterpretation of Our Origins and Evolution' views the development of Homo sapiens after the Mesolithic period (some 10-12,000 years BP) as a dangerous degeneration and effectual re-evolution into what, in reality, constitutes almost a different species. The author calls it Homo degener, and believes the change occurred as a result of the adaptation of certain hunter-gatherer peoples to a primitive agriculture, which transformed them from nomadic free-ranging peoples, living harmoniously in nature, to sedentary farmers waging perpetual war against nature. Their construction of stratified societies, 'pyramids of power' comprising controlling head, fighting arms and cultivating hands and feet, resembled giant human beings which, unlike Homo sapiens, had no ecological niche. This book traces the historical development and progress of these re-evolutionary (or anti-evolutionary) composite animals, throughout the world, spreading tyranny and exploitation across a wild environment itself conducive to freedom and freedom from exploitation. The author concludes that humanity is now on the verge of a self-made catastrophe - a retribution of affronted Nature - which can be avoided only if we begin to return the land to those few remaining hunter-gatherer peoples who alone are the true friends of the Earth, and seek to learn from them instead of arrogantly ignoring or destroying them in favour of our exotic kind.
The Twelve Millennial Beat of the mtDNA sequences in the "control region" portion of the theory in the book's title, plus a tremendous environmental upheaval 180,000 years ago comprise the new theory of evolution itself. However, what is most unique about us Homo sapiens devolves from the Brain Asymmetry. For the marked asymmetry of our brains allows for the specialization of the human brain into an originating right hemisphere, and the language areas in the left hemisphere. The Theory of the Origins of our Humanity is largely based on that Brain Asymmetry, and upon my "The theory of phenomenal psychology".
Paul presents an in-depth examination of how personalities are formed by biological, social, and emotional factors.