Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements

Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements
Author: Giuseppe Zibordi,Craig J. Donlon,Albert C. Parr
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 722
Release: 2014-11-17
ISBN 10: 9780124170117
ISBN 13: 0124170110
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements Book Review:

This book presents the state-of-the-art of optical remote sensing applied for the generation of marine climate-quality data products, with contributions by international experts in the field. The chapters are logically grouped into six thematic parts, each introduced by a brief overview. The different parts include: i. requirements for the generation of climate data records from satellite ocean measurements and additionally basic radiometry principles addressing terminology, standards, measurement equation and uncertainties; ii. satellite visible and thermal infrared radiometry embracing instrument design, characterization and, pre- and post-launch calibration; iii. in situ visible and thermal infrared radiometry including overviews on basic principles, technology and measurements methods required to support satellite missions devoted to climate change investigations; iv. simulations as fundamental tools to support interpretation and analysis of both in situ and satellite radiometric measurements; v. strategies for in situ radiometry to satisfy mission requirements for the generation of climate data records; and finally, vi. methods for the assessment of satellite data products. Fundamentals of measurement theory are taken through to implementation of practical ground based radiometers and their application to validate satellite data used to generate climate data records. This book presents practical solutions for those involved or contemplating the validation of optical climate measurements from satellite instruments. Exhaustive coverage of important topics Fundamental and advanced discussions of many types of instruments Emphasis on calibration and uncertainty analysis of results

Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements

Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 722
Release: 2014-11-13
ISBN 10: 0124169945
ISBN 13: 9780124169944
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Radiometry for Ocean Climate Measurements Book Review:

This book presents the state-of-the-art of optical remote sensing applied for the generation of marine climate-quality data products, with contributions by international experts in the field. The chapters are logically grouped into six thematic parts, each introduced by a brief overview. The different parts include: i. requirements for the generation of climate data records from satellite ocean measurements and additionally basic radiometry principles addressing terminology, standards, measurement equation and uncertainties; ii. satellite visible and thermal infrared radiometry embracing instrument design, characterization and, pre- and post-launch calibration; iii. in situ visible and thermal infrared radiometry including overviews on basic principles, technology and measurements methods required to support satellite missions devoted to climate change investigations; iv. simulations as fundamental tools to support interpretation and analysis of both in situ and satellite radiometric measurements; v. strategies for in situ radiometry to satisfy mission requirements for the generation of climate data records; and finally, vi. methods for the assessment of satellite data products. Fundamentals of measurement theory are taken through to implementation of practical ground based radiometers and their application to validate satellite data used to generate climate data records. This book presents practical solutions for those involved or contemplating the validation of optical climate measurements from satellite instruments. Exhaustive coverage of important topics Fundamental and advanced discussions of many types of instruments Emphasis on calibration and uncertainty analysis of results

Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics

Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics
Author: Dariusz Stramski,Hubert Loisel
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2019-04-23
ISBN 10: 3038977047
ISBN 13: 9783038977049
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics Book Review:

Ocean optics is a branch of oceanography which is firmly embedded in studies of a great variety of ocean science and engineering questions. The interactive nature between radiative transfer of light and various dissolved and particulate constituents of seawater is at the core of ocean optics science and applications. The transfer of radiant solar energy has vital implications to life and climate on Earth, and the large variety of subjects of ocean optics ranges from the subtle problems of physical optics to optical remote sensing towards a better understanding of ocean biology, biogeochemistry and ecosystems and their roles in the Earth's system processes. The intention of this book is to present a collection of papers that generally share a common denominator of frontier topics in ocean optics which are unique, uncommon or outstanding in the literature, and to provide a balanced view of the extraordinary breadth of research in this field. Topics as diverse as measurements and modeling of radiative transfer, light fields, light scattering and polarization, ocean color, benthic optical properties, and the use of optics for characterizing seawater constituents are addressed in this book. The book is expected to be of interest and useful to a broad audience of professional ocean scientists, engineers and advanced students with an interest in ocean optics and applications of optical methods in oceanography.

Blackbody Radiometry

Blackbody Radiometry
Author: Victor Sapritsky,Alexander Prokhorov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 685
Release: 2020-10-19
ISBN 10: 3030577899
ISBN 13: 9783030577896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Blackbody Radiometry Book Review:

This book, the first of a two-volume set, focuses on the basic physical principles of blackbody radiometry and describes artificial sources of blackbody radiation, widely used as sources of optical radiation, whose energy characteristics can be calculated on the base of fundamental physical laws. Following a review of radiometric quantities, radiation laws, and radiative heat transfer, it introduces the basic principles of blackbody radiators design, details of their practical implementation, and methods of measuring their defining characteristics, as well as metrological aspects of blackbody-based measurements. Chapters are dedicated to the effective emissivity concept, methods of increasing effective emissivities, their measurement and modeling using the Monte Carlo method, techniques of blackbody radiators heating, cooling, isothermalization, and measuring their temperature. An extensive and comprehensive reference source, this book is of considerable value to students, researchers, and engineers involved in any aspect of blackbody radiometry.

Optical Radiometry

Optical Radiometry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 586
Release: 2005-10-26
ISBN 10: 9780080454924
ISBN 13: 0080454925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Radiometry Book Review:

This book deals with the practice of Optical Radiation Measurements with introductory material to introduce the topics discussed. It will be most useful for students, scientists and engineers working in any academic, industrial or governmental projects related to optical radiation. The book contains chapters that treat in detail the procedures and techniques for the characterization of both sources and detectors to the highest degree of accuracy and reliability. It has a chapter devoted specifically to optical measurements of laser sources and fiberoptics for communication and a chapter devoted to uncertainty in measurement and its treatment with real examples of optical measurements. The book contains introductory materials that will allow a newcomer to radiometry to develop the expertise to perform exacting and accurate measurement. The authors stress the various causes of uncertainty in each phase of a measurement and thus allow for users to arrive at a correct assessment of their uncertainty of measurement in their particular circumstance. · Authors are from the Standards laboratories of AUSTRALIA, CANADA, ENGLAND, GERMANY and the USA. · Latest techniques and practice of laboratory measurements to achieve the highest accuracy in the use of sources or detectors. · Unique illustrations of the apparatus and measurement techniques. · Practical measurement examples of calibration with full uncertainty analysis. · Comprehensive treatment of optical standards such as sources, detectors and radiometers. · A complete chapter on laser power measurements and standards for fiber optic measurements · A complete chapter on correlations in radiometry and practical examples. · A chapter devoted to diffraction effects in radiometry

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 4306
Release: 2019-04-12
ISBN 10: 0128130822
ISBN 13: 9780128130827
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Book Review:

The oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface, and are critical components of Earth’s climate system. This new edition of Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences summarizes the breadth of knowledge about them, providing revised, up to date entries as well coverage of new topics in the field. New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and the cryosphere, climate and climate change, hydrothermal and cold seep systems. The structure of the work provides a modern presentation of the field, reflecting the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief. In this framework maximum attention has been devoted to making this an organic and unified reference. Represents a one-stop. organic information resource on the breadth of ocean science research Reflects the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and climate change Provides scientifically reliable information at a foundational level, making this work a resource for students as well as active researches

Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals from Remote Sensing

Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals from Remote Sensing
Author: Jorge Vazquez,Xiaofeng Li
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2019-02-14
ISBN 10: 303897479X
ISBN 13: 9783038974796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals from Remote Sensing Book Review:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals from Remote Sensing" that was published in Remote Sensing

Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics

Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics
Author: Victor Raizer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-03-04
ISBN 10: 1351119176
ISBN 13: 9781351119177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics Book Review:

Optical Remote Sensing is one of the main technologies used in sea surface monitoring. Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics investigates and demonstrates capabilities of optical remote sensing technology for enhanced observations and detection of ocean environments. It provides extensive knowledge of physical principles and capabilities of optical observations of the oceans at high spatial resolution, 1-4m, and on the observations of surface wave hydrodynamic processes. It also describes the implementation of spectral-statistical and fusion algorithms for analyses of multispectral optical databases and establishes physics-based criteria for detection of complex wave phenomena and hydrodynamic disturbances including assessment and management of optical databases. This book explains the physical principles of high-resolution optical imagery of the ocean surface, discusses for the first time the capabilities of observing hydrodynamic processes and events, and emphasizes the integration of optical measurements and enhanced data analysis. It also covers both the assessment and the interpretation of dynamic multispectral optical databases and includes applications for advanced studies and nonacoustic detection. This book is an invaluable resource for researches, industry professionals, engineers, and students working on cross-disciplinary problems in ocean hydrodynamics, optical remote sensing of the ocean and sea surface remote sensing. Readers in the fields of geosciences and remote sensing, applied physics, oceanography, satellite observation technology, and optical engineering will learn the theory and practice of optical interactions with the ocean.

Oceanobs 19 An Ocean of Opportunity Volume I

Oceanobs 19  An Ocean of Opportunity  Volume I
Author: Tong Lee,Sabrina Speich,Laura Lorenzoni,Sanae Chiba,Frank E. Muller-Karger,Minhan Dai,Amos T. Kabo-Bah,John Siddorn,Justin Manley,Maria Snoussi ,Fei Chai
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 783
Release: 2020-12-31
ISBN 10: 2889631184
ISBN 13: 9782889631186
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oceanobs 19 An Ocean of Opportunity Volume I Book Review:

From the Satellite to the Earth s Surface Studies Relevant to NASA s Plankton Aerosol Cloud Ocean Ecosystems PACE Mission

From the Satellite to the Earth s Surface  Studies Relevant to NASA   s Plankton  Aerosol  Cloud  Ocean Ecosystems  PACE  Mission
Author: David Antoine,Oleg Dubovik
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-03-04
ISBN 10: 2889635007
ISBN 13: 9782889635009
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From the Satellite to the Earth s Surface Studies Relevant to NASA s Plankton Aerosol Cloud Ocean Ecosystems PACE Mission Book Review:

Earth’s atmosphere and oceans play individual and interconnected roles in regulating climate and the hydrological system, supporting organisms and ecosystems, and contributing to the well-being of human communities and economies. Recognizing the importance of these two geophysical fluids, NASA designed the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud and ocean Ecosystems (PACE) mission to bring cutting edge technology to space borne measurements of the atmosphere and ocean. PACE will carry the Ocean Color Instrument (OCI), a radiometer with hyperspectral capability from the ultraviolet through the near-infrared, plus eight discreet shortwave infrared bands. Thus, OCI will measure the broadest solar spectrum of any NASA instrument, to date. PACE’s second instrument will be a Multi-Angle Polarimeter (MAP). MAP will be NASA’s first imaging polarimeter on board a comprehensive Earth science mission. These instruments bring new capability to the science community, but also new challenges. Fundamentals, such as basic radiative transfer models, require review, enhancements and benchmarking in order to meet the needs of the atmosphereocean communities in the PACE era. Both OCI and MAP will bring opportunities to continue heritage climate data records of aerosols and clouds and to advance characterization of these atmospheric constituents with new macrophysical and microphysical parameters. The ability to better characterize atmospheric constituents is a necessity to better separate ocean and atmosphere signals in order to fully realize the potential of PACE measurements for oceanic observations. Atmospheric correction in the PACE era must address the expanded wavelength range and resolution of OCI images, requiring new approaches that go beyond heritage algorithms. This Research Topic encompasses fundamental radiative transfer studies, with application to the atmosphere, ocean or coupled atmosphere-ocean system. It includes remote sensing of aerosols, clouds and trace gases, over ocean or over land, but with particular focus on algorithms that take advantage of OCI’s new capabilities or multi-angle polarimetry. The Research Topic embraces studies of atmospheric correction over ocean including addressing issues of aerosols, cloud masking, foam, bubbles, ice etc., as well as ocean bio-optics and biogeochemical studies taking advantage of the PACE and polarization spectral capabilities.

Neutron Scattering Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena

Neutron Scattering   Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2015-11-29
ISBN 10: 0128020938
ISBN 13: 9780128020937
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena Book Review:

Neutron Scattering - Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena provides detailed coverage of the application of neutron scattering in condensed matter research. The book's primary aim is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify the aspects of their work where neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. An earlier series edited by Kurt Sköld and David L. Price, and published in the 1980s by Academic Press as three volumes in the series Methods of Experimental Physics, was very successful and remained the standard reference in the field for several years. This present work has similar goals, taking into account the advances in experimental techniques over the past quarter-century, for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy, and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials of technological relevance. This volume complements Price and Fernandez-Alonso (Eds.), Neutron Scattering - Fundamentals published in November 2013. Covers the application of neutron scattering techniques in the study of quantum and magnetic phenomena, including superconductivity, multiferroics, and nanomagnetism Presents up-to-date reviews of recent results, aimed at enabling the reader to identify new opportunities and plan neutron scattering experiments in their own field Provides a good balance between theory and experimental techniques Provides a complement to Price and Fernandez-Alonso (Eds.), Neutron Scattering - Fundamentals published in November 2013

Neutron Scattering Applications in Biology Chemistry and Materials Science

Neutron Scattering     Applications in Biology  Chemistry  and Materials Science
Author: Felix Fernandez-Alonso,David L Price
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 782
Release: 2017-06-14
ISBN 10: 0128092300
ISBN 13: 9780128092309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Scattering Applications in Biology Chemistry and Materials Science Book Review:

Neutron Scattering: Applications in Chemistry, Materials Science and Biology, Volume 49, provides an in-depth overview of the applications of neutron scattering in the fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences, and engineering. The book describes the tremendous advances in instrumental, experimental, and computational techniques over the past quarter-century. Examples include the coming-of-age of neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy, the advent of brighter accelerator-based neutron facilities and associated techniques in the United States and Japan over the past decade, and current efforts in Europe to develop long-pulse, ultra-intense spallation neutron sources. It acts as a complement to two earlier volumes in the Experimental Methods in the Physical Science series, Neutron Scattering: Fundamentals(Elsevier 2013) and Neutron Scattering: Magnetic and Quantum Phenomena (Elsevier 2015). As a whole, the set enables researchers to identify aspects of their work where neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required, write a successful proposal for one of the major facilities around the globe, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. Completes a three-volume set, providing extensive coverage on emerging and highly topical applications of neutron scattering Addresses the increasing use of neutrons by chemists, life scientists, material scientists, and condensed-matter physicists Presents up-to-date reviews of recent results, enabling readers to identify new opportunities and plan neutron scattering experiments in their own field

Electron Magnetic Resonance

Electron Magnetic Resonance
Author: Ashutosh Kumar Shukla
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2019-09-11
ISBN 10: 0128140259
ISBN 13: 9780128140253
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electron Magnetic Resonance Book Review:

Electron Magnetic Resonance: Applications in Physical Sciences and Biology, Volume 50, describes the principles and recent trends in different experimental methods of Electron Magnetic Resonance (EMR) spectroscopy. In addition to principles, experimental methods and applications, each chapter contains a complete list of references that guide the reader to relevant literature. The book is intended for both skilled and novice researchers in academia, professional fields, scientists and students without any geographical limitations. It is useful for both beginners and experts in the field of Electron Spin Resonance who are looking for recent experimental methods of EMR techniques. Features a bottoms-up approach, with each chapter opening with basic theory and principles that are followed by recent trends and applications Focuses on applications and data interpretation, thus avoiding extensive use of mathematics Includes content from scientists working with lead manufacturers of EMR machines Provides thorough comparisons of the features of each EMR machine Written by experts in ESR spectroscopy from all over the world, giving the content global appeal

Cloud free Aerosol Optical Depth Determination Over Oceans from Satellite Radiometry

Cloud free Aerosol Optical Depth Determination Over Oceans from Satellite Radiometry
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 8
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:68213706
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cloud free Aerosol Optical Depth Determination Over Oceans from Satellite Radiometry Book Review:

Shortwave radiative forcing of climate by anthropogenic sulfate aerosol has been estimated to be of comparable global-average magnitude, but opposite sign, to longwave forcing by greenhouse gases (Charlson et al., 1992). It is therefore important that this forcing be accurately represented in climate models. Sulfate concentrations calculated by a Global Chemistry Model driven by operational meteorological data (GChM; Benkovitz et al., this meeting) exhibit high spatial and temporal variations that closely reproduce observations at continental sites. However, because of the sparsity of sulfate concentration measurements over oceans, aerosol optical depth determinations from satellite data are needed to evaluate the performance of the model over oceans. Previous studies of aerosol optical depths over oceans have employed Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Global Area Coverage (AVHRR GAC) data (Rao et al., 1989; Durkee et al., 1991) that should yield the required information, but the emphasis in these studies has been to produce wide spatial coverage by time averaging for periods of a week to a month, thereby masking the high spatial and temporal variability associated with the data and required for model evaluation. The Rao et al. method is employed in the production of the weekly composite aerosol maps by NOAA since June 1987. The authors report results obtained with a modified Durkee algorithm that provides instantaneous optical depths averaged over individual GChM model grid cells (1.125° x 1.125°) for comparison with optical depths predicted by the chemistry model at the same times and places (Berkowitz et al., this meeting). The optical depth retrieval is improved by a more accurate removal of sun-glint contamination, using the formulation of (Cox and Munk, 1956) for sun-glint probability as a function of wind speed, together with the wind speeds available from the operational meteorological data used to drive the chemistry model.

Taking the Temperature of the Earth

Taking the Temperature of the Earth
Author: Glynn Hulley,Darren Ghent
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-06-15
ISBN 10: 0128144599
ISBN 13: 9780128144596
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Taking the Temperature of the Earth Book Review:

Taking the Temperature of the Earth: Steps towards Integrated Understanding of Variability and Change presents an integrated, collaborative approach to observing and understanding various surface temperatures from a whole-Earth perspective. The book describes the progress in improving the quality of surface temperatures across different domains of the Earth’s surface (air, land, sea, lakes and ice), assessing variability and long-term trends, and providing applications of surface temperature data to detect and better understand Earth system behavior. As cooperation is essential between scientific communities, whose focus on particular domains of Earth’s surface and on different components of the observing system help to accelerate scientific understanding and multiply the benefits for society, this book bridges the gap between domains. Includes sections on data validation and uncertainty, data availability and applications Integrates remote sensing and in situ data sources Presents a whole earth perspective on surface temperature datasets, delving into all domains to build and understand relationships between the datasets

Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation Revision 5

Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation  Revision 5
Author: James L. Mueller,Giulietta S. Fargion,Charles R. McClain
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 35
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822032514101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation Revision 5 Book Review:

Proceedings of the Ocean Climate Data Workshop February 18 21 1992

Proceedings of the Ocean Climate Data Workshop  February 18 21  1992
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 408
Release: 1992
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822016278558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Ocean Climate Data Workshop February 18 21 1992 Book Review:

Marine Optics

Marine Optics
Author: N.G. Jerlov
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 230
Release: 1976-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780080870502
ISBN 13: 0080870503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Optics Book Review:

Marine Optics

GLOBAL TROPICAL CYCLOGENESIS

GLOBAL TROPICAL CYCLOGENESIS
Author: Eugene A. Sharkov
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2011-12-09
ISBN 10: 3642132960
ISBN 13: 9783642132964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GLOBAL TROPICAL CYCLOGENESIS Book Review:

Cyclogenesis research is a central issue of meteorology and climatology. This book gives a deep specific view and fundamentally and effectively contributes to the discussion of the problem. It treats cyclogenisis as a stochastic process in a very fundamental way. Since the publication of the first edition of Global Tropical Cyclogenesis in 2001, a number of important scientific results has been obtained using methods and techniques proposed in that first edition. There is therefore a great need for a revised 2nd edition of this book. It is based on scientific findings from the performance of satellite data processing and a series of scientific marine expeditions to the tropics as part of major Russian Science Academy research projects. Professor Eugene A. Sharkov has proposed the main approaches, experimental techniques and theoretical explanations for many scientific findings as well as new methods of satellite processing. He is recognized as a leading scientist in the field of microwave remote sensing of terrestrial surfaces and atmosphere and in nonlinear geophysics (origination and evolution of atmospheric catastrophes) and has published around 100 scientific works on the problems of global tropical cyclogenesis structure and evolution.

Highlights in Space

Highlights in Space
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: WISC:89093067049
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highlights in Space Book Review: