Offshore Gas Hydrates

Offshore Gas Hydrates
Author: Rudy Rogers
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2015-08-24
ISBN 10: 0128025565
ISBN 13: 9780128025567
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Offshore Gas Hydrates Book Review:

Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present. Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas. Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation. Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces. Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2) hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants. Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.

Environmental Hazards from Offshore Methane Hydrate Operations

Environmental Hazards from Offshore Methane Hydrate Operations
Author: Roy Andrew Partain
Publsiher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2017-05-01
ISBN 10: 9041187316
ISBN 13: 9789041187314
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Hazards from Offshore Methane Hydrate Operations Book Review:

" Although methane hydrates are not recent discoveries, it is only now that their extraction and production are becoming commercially feasible as a major new energy source. They are present offshore in almost every coastal state, and their economic potential for endowing those states with abundant natural gas – in addition to their utility as freshwater resources and as carbon sinks for captured greenhouse gases – is vast. This book presents the first treatment of the legal issues facing the future of offshore methane hydrates, taking into account both proprietary interests and environmental hazards. Starting from law and economics theory as applied to environmental accidents, the book’s analytical framework addresses how best to provide for the opportunities and challenges presented by offshore methane hydrates. Issues and topics include the following: - introduction to the science and technology of offshore methane hydrates; - methane as a green energy source; - research programmes and agendas under way in Japan, South Korea, the United States, Canada, China, and India; - carbon capture and sequestration; - risks – methane emissions, large-scale combustion events, subsea landslides, tsunamis, earthquakes, deep ocean eruptions; - strategies of risk governance – during exploration, development, production and abandonment of the extraction process; - acts that enable seeping and venting of methane; - regulatory compliance as a defense from liability; - grounds for deference to rules of civil liability; - potential impact on anthropogenic climate change; and - private regulation and market-based incentives The analysis compares and contrasts recommended legal policies with existing legal frameworks in relevant international conventions, the European Union, and the United States. Rules of civil liability are reviewed to determine when strict liability or negligence might be efficiently employed in risk governance along with the implementation of public regulations. As a road map to amending and revising existing laws and conventions, this book will be of inestimable practical value to policymakers in supporting the optimal risk governance of the development of methane hydrates. For potential entrepreneurs and operators, this book greatly reduces the legal uncertainty underlying their decision-making and investment decisions. Furthermore, this book enables a broad cross-section of legal practitioners and scholars to engage in this fascinating late arrival to the natural resources law and policy arena. "

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance
Author: Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2010-10-12
ISBN 10: 9781856179461
ISBN 13: 185617946X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance Book Review:

With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Natural Gas Hydrate

Natural Gas Hydrate
Author: M.D. Max
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401143870
ISBN 13: 9789401143875
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Hydrate Book Review:

1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

Gas Hydrates 2

Gas Hydrates 2
Author: Livio Ruffine,Daniel Broseta,Arnaud Desmedt
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2018-06-19
ISBN 10: 1786302217
ISBN 13: 9781786302212
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Hydrates 2 Book Review:

Gas hydrates in their natural environment and for potential industrial applications (Volume 2).

Oceanic Methane Hydrates

Oceanic Methane Hydrates
Author: Lin Chen,Sukru Merey
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2021-01-10
ISBN 10: 012818566X
ISBN 13: 9780128185667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oceanic Methane Hydrates Book Review:

Methane hydrates are still a complicated target for today’s oil and gas offshore engineers, particularly the lack of reliable real field test data or obtaining the most recent technology available on the feasibility and challenges surrounding the extraction of methane hydrates. Oceanic Methane Hydrates delivers the solid foundation as well as today’s advances and challenges that remain. Starting with the fundamental knowledge on gas hydrates, the authors define the origin, estimations, and known exploration and production methods. Historical and current oil and gas fields and roadmaps containing methane hydrates around the world are also covered to help lay the foundation for the early career engineer. Lab experiments and advancements in numerical reservoir simulations transition the engineer from research to practice with real field-core sampling techniques covered, points on how to choose producible methane hydrate reservoirs, and the importance of emerging technologies. Actual comparable onshore tests from around the world are included to help the engineer gain clarity on field expectations. Rounding out the reference are emerging technologies in all facets of the business including well completion and monitoring, economics aspects to consider, and environmental challenges, particularly methods to reduce the costs of methane hydrate exploration and production techniques. Rounding out a look at future trends, Oceanic Methane Hydrates covers both the basics and advances needed for today’s engineers to gain the required knowledge needed to tackle this challenging and exciting future energy source. Understand real data and practice examples covering the newest developments of methane hydrate, from chemical, reservoir modelling and production testing Gain worldwide coverage and analysis of the most recent extraction production tests Cover the full range of emerging technologies and environmental sustainability including current regulations and policy outlook

Energy from Gas Hydrates Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada

Energy from Gas Hydrates  Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada
Author: Council of Canadian Academies
Publsiher: Council of CanadianAcademies
Total Pages: 18
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 1926558022
ISBN 13: 9781926558028
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy from Gas Hydrates Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada Book Review:

Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
Author: Ayhan Demirbas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2010-02-28
ISBN 10: 1848828721
ISBN 13: 9781848828728
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methane Gas Hydrate Book Review:

Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Natural Gas Hydrates Issues for Gas Production and Geomechanical Stability

Natural Gas Hydrates   Issues for Gas Production and Geomechanical Stability
Author: Tarun Grover
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2008
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:301329248
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Hydrates Issues for Gas Production and Geomechanical Stability Book Review:

Natural gas hydrates are solid crystalline substances found in the subsurface. Since gas hydrates are stable at low temperatures and moderate pressures, gas hydrates are found either near the surface in arctic regions or in deep water marine environments where the ambient seafloor temperature is less than 10°C. This work addresses the important issue of geomechanical stability in hydrate bearing sediments during different perturbations. I analyzed extensive data collected from the literature on the types of sediments where hydrates have been found during various offshore expeditions. To better understand the hydrate bearing sediments in offshore environments, I divided these data into different sections. The data included water depths, pore water salinity, gas compositions, geothermal gradients, and sedimentary properties such as sediment type, sediment mineralogy, and sediment physical properties. I used the database to determine the types of sediments that should be evaluated in laboratory tests at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The TOUGH+Hydrate reservoir simulator was used to simulate the gas production behavior from hydrate bearing sediments. To address some important gas production issues from gas hydrates, I first simulated the production performance from the Messsoyakha Gas Field in Siberia. The field has been described as a free gas reservoir overlain by a gas hydrate layer and underlain by an aquifer of unknown strength. From a parametric study conducted to delineate important parameters that affect gas production at the Messoyakha, I found effective gas permeability in the hydrate layer, the location of perforations and the gas hydrate saturation to be important parameters for gas production at the Messoyakha. Second, I simulated the gas production using a hydraulic fracture in hydrate bearing sediments. The simulation results showed that the hydraulic fracture gets plugged by the formation of secondary hydrates during gas production. I used the coupled fluid flow and geomechanical model "TOUGH+Hydrate- FLAC3D" to model geomechanical performance during gas production from hydrates in an offshore hydrate deposit. I modeled geomechanical failures associated with gas production using a horizontal well and a vertical well for two different types of sediments, sand and clay. The simulation results showed that the sediment and failures can be a serious issue during the gas production from weaker sediments such as clays.

Exploration of Gas Hydrates

Exploration of Gas Hydrates
Author: Naresh Kumar Thakur,Sanjeev Rajput
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2010-10-08
ISBN 10: 9783642142345
ISBN 13: 3642142346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploration of Gas Hydrates Book Review:

Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline substances that form a rigid cage of water molecules and entrap hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas by hydrogen bonding. Natural gas hydrate is primarily composed of water and methane. These are solid, crystalline, ice-like substances found in permafrost areas and deepwater basins around the world. They naturally occur in the pore space of marine sediments, where appropriate high pressure and low temperature conditions exist in an adequate supply of gas (mainly methane). Gas hydrates are considered as a potential non conventional energy resource. Methane hydrates are also recognized as, an influence on offshore platform stability, a major factor in climate change contributing to global warming and a significant contribution to the ocean carbon cycle. The proposed book treats various geophysical techniques in order to quantify the gas hydrate reserves and their impact on environment. The primary goal of this book is to provide the state of art for gas hydrate exploration. The target audiences for this book are non-specialist from different branches of science, graduate students and researchers.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Author: Timothy S. Collett,Art Johnson,Camelia C. Knapp,Ray Boswell
Publsiher: AAPG
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2010-01-14
ISBN 10: 0891813705
ISBN 13: 9780891813705
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Hydrates Book Review:

Hardcover plus CD

Hydrates of Natural Gas

Hydrates of Natural Gas
Author: I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon
Publsiher: Pennwell Corporation
Total Pages: 237
Release: 1981
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015002937566
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrates of Natural Gas Book Review:

Gas Hydrates

Gas Hydrates
Author: Peter Folger
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 6
Release: 2008
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:277148142
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Hydrates Book Review:

Solid gas hydrates are a potentially huge resource of natural gas for the United States. The U.S. Geological Survey estimated that there are about 85 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of technically recoverable gas hydrates in northern Alaska. The Minerals Management Service estimated a mean value of 21,000 TCF of in-place gas hydrates in the Gulf of Mexico. By comparison, total U.S. natural gas consumption is about 23 TCF annually. The in-place estimate disregards technical or economical recoverability, and likely overestimates the amount of commercially viable gas hydrates. Even if a fraction of the U.S. gas hydrates can be economically produced, however, it could add substantially to the 1,300 TCF of technically recoverable U.S. conventional natural gas reserves. To date, however, gas hydrates have no confirmed commercial production. Gas hydrates are both a potential resource and a risk, representing a significant hazard to conventional oil and gas drilling and production operations. If the solid gas hydrates dissociate suddenly and release expanded gas during offshore drilling, they could disrupt the marine sediments and compromise pipelines and production equipment on the seafloor. The tendency of gas hydrates to dissociate and release methane, which can be a hazard, is the same characteristic that research and development efforts strive to enhance so that methane can be produced and recovered in commercial quantities. Developing gas hydrates into a commercially viable source of energy is a goal of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) methane hydrate program, initially authorized by the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-193). The Energy Policy Act of 2005 extended the authorization through FY2010 and authorized total appropriations of $155 million over a five-year period. Gas hydrates occur naturally onshore in permafrost, and at or below the seafloor in sediments where water and gas combine at low temperatures and high pressures to form an ice-like solid substance. 1 Methane, or natural gas, is typically the dominant gas in the hydrate structure. In a gas hydrate, frozen water molecules form a cage-like structure around high concentrations of natural gas. The gas hydrate structure is very compact.

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing
Author: Alexandre Mendonça Teixeira,Lara de Oliveira Arinelli,José Luiz de Medeiros,Ofélia de Queiroz Fernandes Araújo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2017-09-15
ISBN 10: 3319660748
ISBN 13: 9783319660745
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing Book Review:

This book addresses several issues related to hydrate inhibition and monoethylene glycol (MEG) recovery units (MRUs) in offshore natural gas fields, from fundamentals to engineering aspects and from energy consumption assessment to advanced topics such as exergy analysis. The assessment of energy degradation in MRUs is critical in offshore rigs, and the topic of exergy theory has by no means been completely explored; it is still being developed. The book presents a comprehensive, yet concise, formulation for exergy flow and examines different approaches for the reference state of MEG and definition of the reference environment so as to obtain an effective exergy analysis with consistent results. It also provides new and useful information that has a great potential in the field of exergy analysis application by assessing energy degradation for three well-known MRU technologies on offshore rigs: the Traditional Atmospheric Distillation Process; the Full-Stream Process; and the Slip-Stream Process. The book then elucidates how the main design parameters impact the efficiency of MEG recovery units and offers insights into thermodynamic efficiency based on case studies of general distillation-based processes with sharp or not too sharp cut, providing ranges for expected values of efficiencies and enhancing a global comprehension of this subject. Since MEG recovery is an energy consuming process that invariably has to be conducted in a limited space and with limited power supply, the book is a valuable resource for those involved in design, engineering, economic evaluation and environmental evaluation of topside processing on offshore platforms for natural gas production.

Gas Hydrates

Gas Hydrates
Author: Carlo Giavarini,Keith Hester
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2011-09-06
ISBN 10: 9780857299567
ISBN 13: 0857299565
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Hydrates Book Review:

Gas hydrates are both a huge energy resource and an environmental challenge. They have a significant impact on society because of their applications to the future of energy, protection of the environment and fuel transportation. Gas Hydrates opens up this fascinating, multidisciplinary field to non-specialists. It provides a scientific study of gas hydrates that considers their potential as an energy source while assessing the possible risk to the environment. The authors also examine the feasibility of using these natural compounds for storing and transporting gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. Diagrams and photos are used throughout Gas Hydrates to help readers understand the scientific and technical content. Each section has been designed so it can be read independently by academics and professionals in the oil and gas industry, as well as by all those with an interest in how hydrates combine to be an energy resource, an industrial challange and a geological hazard.

Natural Gas Hydrate Management in Deepwater Gas Well

Natural Gas Hydrate Management in Deepwater Gas Well
Author: Zhiyuan Wang,Baojiang Sun,Yonghai Gao
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2020-06-19
ISBN 10: 9811564183
ISBN 13: 9789811564185
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Hydrate Management in Deepwater Gas Well Book Review:

This book chiefly describes the theories and technologies for natural gas hydrate management in deepwater gas wells. It systematically explores the mechanisms of hydrate formation, migration, deposition and blockage in multiphase flow in gas-dominated systems; constructs a multiphase flow model of multi-component systems for wells that takes into account hydrate phase transition; reveals the influence of hydrate phase transition on multiphase flows, and puts forward a creative hydrate blockage management method based on hydrate blockage free window (HBFW), which enormously improves the hydrate prevention effect in deepwater wells. The book combines essential theories and industrial technology practice to facilitate a deeper understanding of approaches to and technologies for hydrate management in deepwater wells, and provides guidance on operation design. Accordingly, it represents a valuable reference guide for both researchers and graduate students working in oil and gas engineering, offshore oil and gas engineering, oil and gas storage and transportation engineering, as well as technical staff in the fields of deepwater oil and gas drilling, development, and flow assurance.

Gas Hydrate

Gas Hydrate
Author: Umberta Tinivella,Michela Giustiniani,Ivan De La Cruz Vargas Cordero,Atanas Vasilev
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2019-11-28
ISBN 10: 3039218441
ISBN 13: 9783039218448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Hydrate Book Review:

This Special Issue reports research spanning from the analysis of indirect data, modeling, and laboratory and geological data confirming the intrinsic multidisciplinarity of gas hydrate studies. The study areas are (1) Arctic, (2) Brazil, (3) Chile, and (4) the Mediterranean region. The results furnished an important tessera of the knowledge about the relationship of a gas hydrate system with other complex natural phenomena such as climate change, slope stability and earthquakes, and human activities.

Kinetic Inhibition of Natural Gas Hydrates in Offshore Drilling Production and Processing Annual Report January 1 December 31 1993

Kinetic Inhibition of Natural Gas Hydrates in Offshore Drilling  Production  and Processing  Annual Report  January 1  December 31  1993
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 200
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:68429354
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Inhibition of Natural Gas Hydrates in Offshore Drilling Production and Processing Annual Report January 1 December 31 1993 Book Review:

Natural gas hydrates are crystalline materials formed of natural gas and water at elevated pressures and reduced temperatures. Because natural gas hydrates can plug drill strings, pipelines, and process equipment, there is much effort expended to prevent their formation. The goal of this project was to provide industry with more economical hydrate inhibitors. The specific goals for the past year were to: continue both screening and high pressure experiments to determine optimum inhibitors; investigate molecular mechanisms of hydrate formation/inhibition, through microscopic and macroscopic experiments; begin controlled tests on the Exxon pilot plant loop at their Houston facility; and continue to act as a forum for the sharing of field test results. Progress on these objectives are described in this report.

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
Author: Scott L. Montgomery
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 82
Release: 2003
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105113450659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Hydrates Book Review:

Kinetic Inhibition of Natural Gas Hydrates in Offshore Drilling Production and Processing Operations Annual Report January 1 December 31 1992

Kinetic Inhibition of Natural Gas Hydrates in Offshore Drilling  Production  and Processing Operations  Annual Report  January 1  December 31  1992
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 100
Release: 1992
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:68429431
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Inhibition of Natural Gas Hydrates in Offshore Drilling Production and Processing Operations Annual Report January 1 December 31 1992 Book Review:

Natural gas hydrates are solid crystalline compounds which form when molecules smaller than n-butane contact molecules of water at elevated pressures and reduced temperatures, both above and below the ice point. Because these crystalline compounds plug flow channels, they are undesirable. In this project the authors proposed an alternate approach of controlling hydrate formation by preventing hydrate growth into a sizeable mass which could block a flow channel. The authors call this new technique kinetic inhibition, because while it allows the system to exist in the hydrate domain, it prevents the kinetic agglomeration of small hydrate crystals to the point of pluggage of a flow channel. In order to investigate the kinetic means of inhibiting hydrate formation, they held two consortium meetings, on June 1, 1990 and on August 31, 1990. At subsequent meetings, the authors determined the following four stages of the project, necessary to reach the goal of determining a new hydrate field inhibitor: (1) a rapid screening method was to be determined for testing the hydrate kinetic formation period of many surfactants and polymer candidates (both individually and combined), the present report presents the success of two screening apparatuses: a multi-reactor apparatus which is capable of rapid, high volume screening, and the backup screening method--a viscometer for testing with gas at high pressure; (2) the construction of two high, constant pressure cells were to experimentally confirm the success of the chemicals in the rapid screening apparatus; (3) in the third phase of the work, Exxon volunteered to evaluate the performance of the best chemicals from the previous two stages in their 4 inch I.D. Multiphase flow loop in Houston; (4) in the final phase of the work, the intention was to take the successful kinetic inhibition chemicals from the previous three stages and then test them in the field in gathering lines and wells from member companies.