Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization
Author: Salah Ud-Din Khan,Alexander V. Nakhabov
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2020-06-29
ISBN 10: 0128184833
ISBN 13: 9780128184837
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization Book Review:

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization presents the theory and principles of the most common advanced nuclear reactor systems and provides a context for the value and utilization of nuclear power in a variety of applications both inside and outside a traditional nuclear setting. As countries across the globe realize their plans for a sustainable energy future, the need for innovative nuclear reactor design is increasing, and this book will provide a deep understanding of how these technologies can aid in a region's goal for clean and reliable energy. Dr Khan and Dr Nakhabov, alongside their team of expert contributors, discuss a variety of important topics, including nuclear fuel cycles, plant decommissioning and hybrid energy systems, while considering a variety of diverse uses such as nuclear desalination, hydrogen generation and radioisotope production. Knowledge acquired enables the reader to conduct further research in academia and industry, and apply the latest design, development, integration, safety and economic guidance to their work and research. Combines reactor fundamentals with a contemporary look at evolving trends in the design of advanced reactors and their application to both nuclear and non-nuclear uses Analyses the latest research and uses of hybrid systems which bring together nuclear technology with renewable energy technologies Presents applications, economic factors and an analysis of sustainability factors in one comprehensive resource

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization
Author: Salah Ud-Din Khan,Alexander V. Nakhabov
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2020-06-16
ISBN 10: 0128189436
ISBN 13: 9780128189436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization Book Review:

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization presents the theory and principles of the most common advanced nuclear reactor systems and provides a context for the value and utilization of nuclear power in a variety of applications both inside and outside a traditional nuclear setting. As countries across the globe realize their plans for a sustainable energy future, the need for innovative nuclear reactor design is increasing, and this book will provide a deep understanding of how these technologies can aid in a region’s goal for clean and reliable energy. Dr Khan and Dr Nakhabov, alongside their team of expert contributors, discuss a variety of important topics, including nuclear fuel cycles, plant decommissioning and hybrid energy systems, while considering a variety of diverse uses such as nuclear desalination, hydrogen generation and radioisotope production. Knowledge acquired enables the reader to conduct further research in academia and industry, and apply the latest design, development, integration, safety and economic guidance to their work and research. Combines reactor fundamentals with a contemporary look at evolving trends in the design of advanced reactors and their application to both nuclear and non-nuclear uses Analyses the latest research and uses of hybrid systems which bring together nuclear technology with renewable energy technologies Presents applications, economic factors and an analysis of sustainability factors in one comprehensive resource

Nuclear Reactor Technology Assessment for Near Term Deployment

Nuclear Reactor Technology Assessment for Near Term Deployment
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: International Atomic Energy Agency
Total Pages: 94
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9789201403100
ISBN 13: 9201403100
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Reactor Technology Assessment for Near Term Deployment Book Review:

Given the increasing interest in the near term deployment of new nuclear power plants, IAEA Member States have requested guidance on the process of evaluating and selecting available technology options. Reactor technology assessment enables the evaluation, selection, and deployment of the best technology to meet the objectives of a nuclear power programme. This publication demonstrates how reactor technology assessment is performed and how the process and results of this work enable decision making in nuclear power planning. The approach also provides decision makers with the documentation necessary to support their conclusions.

America s Energy Future

America s Energy Future
Author: National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on America's Energy Future
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2010-01-15
ISBN 10: 0309116023
ISBN 13: 9780309116022
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

America s Energy Future Book Review:

For multi-user PDF licensing, please contact customer service. Energy touches our lives in countless ways and its costs are felt when we fill up at the gas pump, pay our home heating bills, and keep businesses both large and small running. There are long-term costs as well: to the environment, as natural resources are depleted and pollution contributes to global climate change, and to national security and independence, as many of the world's current energy sources are increasingly concentrated in geopolitically unstable regions. The country's challenge is to develop an energy portfolio that addresses these concerns while still providing sufficient, affordable energy reserves for the nation. The United States has enormous resources to put behind solutions to this energy challenge; the dilemma is to identify which solutions are the right ones. Before deciding which energy technologies to develop, and on what timeline, we need to understand them better. America's Energy Future analyzes the potential of a wide range of technologies for generation, distribution, and conservation of energy. This book considers technologies to increase energy efficiency, coal-fired power generation, nuclear power, renewable energy, oil and natural gas, and alternative transportation fuels. It offers a detailed assessment of the associated impacts and projected costs of implementing each technology and categorizes them into three time frames for implementation.

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy
Author: Thomas James Dolan
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2017-06-08
ISBN 10: 0081012438
ISBN 13: 9780081012437
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy Book Review:

Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide incineration, hydrogen production, and other industrial heat applications. Coverage includes: Motivation -- why are we interested? Technical issues – reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, materials, environment, ... Generic designs -- thermal, fast, solid fuel, liquid fuel, ... Specific designs – aimed at electrical power, actinide incineration, thorium utilization, ... Worldwide activities in 23 countries Conclusions This book is a collaboration of 58 authors from 23 countries, written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten Salt Forum. It can serve as a reference for engineers and scientists, and it can be used as a textbook for graduate students and advanced undergrads. Molten Salt Reactors is the only complete review of the technology currently available, making this an essential text for anyone reviewing the use of MSRs and thorium fuel, including students, nuclear researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers. Written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten-Salt Forum Covers MSR-specific issues, various reactor designs, and discusses issues such as the environmental impact, non-proliferation, and licensing Includes case studies and examples from experts across the globe

Physics of Nuclear Reactors

Physics of Nuclear Reactors
Author: P. Mohanakrishnan,Om Pal Singh,K. Umasankari
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 786
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN 10: 0128224428
ISBN 13: 9780128224427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Nuclear Reactors Book Review:

Physics of Nuclear Reactors presents a comprehensive analysis of nuclear reactor physics. Editors P. Mohanakrishnan, Om Pal Singh, and Kannan Umasankari and a team of expert contributors combine their knowledge to guide the reader through a toolkit of methods for solving transport equations, understanding the physics of reactor design principles, and developing reactor safety strategies. The inclusion of experimental and operational reactor physics makes this a unique reference for those working and researching nuclear power and the fuel cycle in existing power generation sites and experimental facilities. The book also includes radiation physics, shielding techniques and an analysis of shield design, neutron monitoring and core operations. Those involved in the development and operation of nuclear reactors and the fuel cycle will gain a thorough understanding of all elements of nuclear reactor physics, thus enabling them to apply the analysis and solution methods provided to their own work and research. This book looks to future reactors in development and analyzes their status and challenges before providing possible worked-through solutions. Cover image: Kaiga Atomic Power Station Units 1 – 4, Karnataka, India. In 2018, Unit 1 of the Kaiga Station surpassed the world record of continuous operation, at 962 days. Image courtesy of DAE, India. Includes methods for solving neutron transport problems, nuclear cross-section data and solutions of transport theory Dedicates a chapter to reactor safety that covers mitigation, probabilistic safety assessment and uncertainty analysis Covers experimental and operational physics with details on noise analysis and failed fuel detection

Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Energy Engineering Board,Committee on Future Nuclear Power Development
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 234
Release: 1992-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309043956
ISBN 13: 9780309043953
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Power Book Review:

The construction of nuclear power plants in the United States is stopping, as regulators, reactor manufacturers, and operators sort out a host of technical and institutional problems. This volume summarizes the status of nuclear power, analyzes the obstacles to resumption of construction of nuclear plants, and describes and evaluates the technological alternatives for safer, more economical reactors. Topics covered include Institutional issues--including regulatory practices at the federal and state levels, the growing trends toward greater competition in the generation of electricity, and nuclear and nonnuclear generation options. Critical evaluation of advanced reactors--covering attributes such as cost, construction time, safety, development status, and fuel cycles. Finally, three alternative federal research and development programs are presented.

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors
Author: Igor Pioro
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 940
Release: 2016-06-09
ISBN 10: 0081001622
ISBN 13: 9780081001622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book Review:

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly without completely different innovative designs, which are Generation IV reactors. Nuclear power is vital for generating electrical energy without carbon emissions. Complete with the latest research, development, and design, and written by an international team of experts, this handbook is completely dedicated to Generation IV reactors. Presents the first comprehensive handbook dedicated entirely to generation IV nuclear reactors Reviews the latest trends and developments Complete with the latest research, development, and design information in generation IV nuclear reactors Written by an international team of experts in the field

JPRS Report Science Technology Japan Present Status of Nuclear Energy Development and Utilization in Japan 1992

JPRS Report  Science   Technology  Japan  Present Status of Nuclear Energy Development and Utilization in Japan 1992
Author: Joint publications research service arlington va
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 31
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:45522194
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

JPRS Report Science Technology Japan Present Status of Nuclear Energy Development and Utilization in Japan 1992 Book Review:

Partial contents: Position of Nuclear Energy Development and Utilization in Japan; Japan's Organization for Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy; Present Status of the Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy in Japan; Present Status of Nuclear Power Generation in Japan; Trend of nuclear power generation by light-water reactor and other types of reactors; Establishment of a nuclear fuel cycle; Prospects of plutonium utilization; Promotion of Nuclear Research and Development; Promotion of nuclear fusion research and development; Present status of radiation application; High temperature engineering testing and research.

Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors
Author: Daniel T. Ingersoll,Mario D. Carelli
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 646
Release: 2020-10-27
ISBN 10: 0128239174
ISBN 13: 9780128239179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors Book Review:

Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors, Second Edition is a fully updated comprehensive reference on Small Modular Reactors (SMRs), which reflects the latest research and technological advances in the field from the last five years. Editors Daniel T. Ingersoll and Mario D. Carelli, along with their team of expert contributors, combine their wealth of collective experience to update this comprehensive handbook that provides the reader with all required knowledge on SMRs, expanding on the rapidly growing interest and development of SMRs around the globe. This book begins with an introduction to SMRs for power generation, an overview of international developments, and an analysis of Integral Pressurized Water Reactors as a popular class of SMRs. The second part of the book is dedicated to SMR technologies, including physics, components, I&C, human-system interfaces and safety aspects. Part three discusses the implementation of SMRs, covering economic factors, construction methods, hybrid energy systems and licensing considerations. The fourth part of the book provides an in-depth analysis of SMR R&D and deployment of SMRs within eight countries, including the United States, Republic of Korea, Russia, China, Argentina, and Japan. This edition includes brand new content on the United Kingdom and Canada, where interests in SMRs have increased considerably since the first edition was published. The final part of the book adds a new analysis of the global SMR market and concludes with a perspective on SMR benefits to developing economies. This authoritative and practical handbook benefits engineers, designers, operators, and regulators working in nuclear energy, as well as academics and graduate students researching nuclear reactor technologies. Presents the latest research on SMR technologies and global developments Includes new case study chapters on the United Kingdom and Canada and a chapter on global SMR markets Discusses new technologies such as floating SMRs and molten salt SMRs

The Power of Change

The Power of Change
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on Determinants of Market Adoption of Advanced Energy Efficiency and Clean Energy Technologies
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2016-09-30
ISBN 10: 0309371422
ISBN 13: 9780309371421
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Power of Change Book Review:

Electricity, supplied reliably and affordably, is foundational to the U.S. economy and is utterly indispensable to modern society. However, emissions resulting from many forms of electricity generation create environmental risks that could have significant negative economic, security, and human health consequences. Large-scale installation of cleaner power generation has been generally hampered because greener technologies are more expensive than the technologies that currently produce most of our power. Rather than trade affordability and reliability for low emissions, is there a way to balance all three? The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Energy Technologies considers how to speed up innovations that would dramatically improve the performance and lower the cost of currently available technologies while also developing new advanced cleaner energy technologies. According to this report, there is an opportunity for the United States to continue to lead in the pursuit of increasingly clean, more efficient electricity through innovation in advanced technologies. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Energy Technologies makes the case that America's advantagesâ€"world-class universities and national laboratories, a vibrant private sector, and innovative states, cities, and regions that are free to experiment with a variety of public policy approachesâ€"position the United States to create and lead a new clean energy revolution. This study focuses on five paths to accelerate the market adoption of increasing clean energy and efficiency technologies: (1) expanding the portfolio of cleaner energy technology options; (2) leveraging the advantages of energy efficiency; (3) facilitating the development of increasing clean technologies, including renewables, nuclear, and cleaner fossil; (4) improving the existing technologies, systems, and infrastructure; and (5) leveling the playing field for cleaner energy technologies. The Power of Change: Innovation for Development and Deployment of Increasingly Clean Energy Technologies is a call for leadership to transform the United States energy sector in order to both mitigate the risks of greenhouse gas and other pollutants and to spur future economic growth. This study's focus on science, technology, and economic policy makes it a valuable resource to guide support that produces innovation to meet energy challenges now and for the future.

Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy

Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy
Author: Hitesh Bindra,Shripad Revankar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2018-11-22
ISBN 10: 0128139765
ISBN 13: 9780128139769
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy Book Review:

Storage and Hybridization of Nuclear Energy: Techno-economic Integration of Renewable and Nuclear Energy provides a unique analysis of the storage and hybridization of nuclear and renewable energy. Editor Bindra and his team of expert contributors present various global methodologies to obtain the techno-economic feasibility of the integration of storage or hybrid cycles in nuclear power plants. Aimed at those studying, researching and working in the nuclear engineering field, this book offers nuclear reactor technology vendors, nuclear utilities workers and regulatory commissioners a very unique resource on how to access reliable, flexible and clean energy from variable-generation. Presents a unique view on the technologies and systems available to integrate renewables and nuclear energy Provides insights into the different methodologies and technologies currently available for the storage of energy Includes case studies from well-known experts working on specific integration concepts around the world

Selected Unclassified References on Nuclear Reactors

Selected Unclassified References on Nuclear Reactors
Author: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 11
Release: 1951
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015095048230
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Unclassified References on Nuclear Reactors Book Review:

High Temperature Gas cooled Reactors

High Temperature Gas cooled Reactors
Author: Tetsuaki Takeda,Yoshiyuki Inagaki
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2021-02-24
ISBN 10: 012821032X
ISBN 13: 9780128210321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Temperature Gas cooled Reactors Book Review:

High-Temperature Gas Reactors is the fifth volume in the JSME Series on Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation. Series Editor Yasuo Koizumi and his Volume editors Tetsuaki Takeda and Yoshiyuki Inagaki present the latest research on High-Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) development and utilization, beginning with an analysis of the history of HTGRs. A detailed analysis of HTGR design features, including reactor core design, cooling tower design, pressure vessel design, I&C factors and safety design, provides readers with a solid understanding of how to develop efficient and safe HTGR within a nuclear power plant. The authors combine their knowledge to present a guide on the safety of HTGRs throughout the entire reactor system, drawing on their unique experience to pass on lessons learned and best practices to support professionals and researchers in their design and operation of these advanced reactor types. Case studies of critical testing carried out by the authors provide the reader with firsthand information on how to conduct tests safely and effectively and an understanding of which responses are required in unexpected incidents to achieve their research objectives. An analysis of technologies and systems in development and testing stages offer the reader a look to the future of HTGRs and help to direct and inform their further research in heat transfer, fluid-dynamics, fuel options and advanced reactor facility selection. This volume is of interest for nuclear and thermal energy engineers and researchers focusing on HTGRs, HTGR plant designers and operators, regulators, post graduate students of nuclear engineering, national labs, government officials and agencies in power and energy policy and regulations. Written by the leaders and pioneers in nuclear research at the Japanese Society of Mechanical Engineers and draws upon their combined wealth of knowledge and experience Includes real examples and case studies from Japan, the US and Europe to provide a deeper learning opportunity with practical benefits Considers the societal impact and sustainability concerns and goals throughout the discussion Includes safety factors and considerations, as well as unique results from performance testing of HTGR systems.

Long term Program for Research Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy

Long term Program for Research  Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy
Author: Japan. Genshiryoku Iinkai
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 88
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822021315445
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Long term Program for Research Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy Book Review:

Advanced Reactor Technology Options for Utilization and Transmutation of Actinides in Spent Nuclear Fuel

Advanced Reactor Technology Options for Utilization and Transmutation of Actinides in Spent Nuclear Fuel
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 9789201093097
ISBN 13: 9201093098
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Reactor Technology Options for Utilization and Transmutation of Actinides in Spent Nuclear Fuel Book Review:

Based on a coordinated research project (CRP) devoted to the assessment of innovative technology options for incinerating/utilising radioactive waste, this publication compiles the findings of research and development activities addressing the utilization and transmutation of actinides and long lived fission products. It summarises the outcome of comparative assessments between different incinerating/transmuting nuclear systems, describes the availability of methods and formulates the requirements for future theoretical developments in this area as purported in the CRP. This publication will be a useful guide for Member States pursuing advanced and innovative waste management strategies

Policy Regulation and Innovation in China s Electricity and Telecom Industries

Policy  Regulation and Innovation in China s Electricity and Telecom Industries
Author: Loren Brandt,Thomas G. Rawski
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2019-05-30
ISBN 10: 1108480993
ISBN 13: 9781108480994
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Policy Regulation and Innovation in China s Electricity and Telecom Industries Book Review:

Openness and competition sparked major advances in Chinese industry. Recent policy reversals emphasizing indigenous innovation seem likely to disappoint.

Nuclear Material Performance

Nuclear Material Performance
Author: Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2016-06-29
ISBN 10: 9535124471
ISBN 13: 9789535124474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Material Performance Book Review:

Assessing and improving nuclear material performance is a crucial subject for the sustainability of the nuclear energy and radioactive isotope supplies. This book aims to present research efforts used to identify nuclear materials performances in different areas. The contributions of esteemed international experts have covered important research aspects in fission and fusion technologies and naturally occurring radioactive materials management. The authors introduced current and anticipated trends toward better performances and mitigating challenges for commercial application of innovative technologies, biological remediation of mine effluents, nuclear fuel performance in power and research fission reactors, gamma ray spectrometer calibration, and recent advances in understanding the performance of tungsten composite in fusion reactor environment.

Status of Accelerator Driven Systems Research and Technology Development

Status of Accelerator Driven Systems Research and Technology Development
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2015-06-01
ISBN 10: 9789201053152
ISBN 13: 9201053150
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Status of Accelerator Driven Systems Research and Technology Development Book Review:

In the current context of growing energy needs and concerns for the environment, the development of abundant, affordable, and environmentally responsible energy technologies is considered as one of the main objectives for the coming decades. Nuclear power has the potential to meet future generations' energy needs in sustainable way and in long term scenarios; however, acceptance of nuclear energy as a large scale contributor to the world's energy mix depends on satisfaction of strict requirements in the areas of economy, safety, adequacy of natural resources, waste reduction, non-proliferation and public acceptance. One of the main public concerns related to the use of nuclear energy for electricity generation is the long term hazard of radioactive wastes arising from the nuclear fuel cycle. Light water reactor power plants, representing currently almost the totality of the fleet of nuclear power plants under operation worldwide, have been developed for fifty years and a high industrial maturity has been reached. However, LWR technology presents several disadvantages related to its fuel cycle characteristics. In particular, it allows only a poor exploitation of the energy potential of resources (natural uranium), generating problems and concerns related to their preservation and to the management of the radioactive waste. The world nuclear community is devoting efforts in the development of innovative technologies to make utilization of nuclear energy safer and more sustainable in terms of resource utilization and waste management. In order to achieve these objectives, innovative systems and advanced nuclear fuel cycle options are being studied and developed in various countries and at international level

Plutonium

Plutonium
Author: Frank von Hippel,Masafumi Takubo,Jungmin Kang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 177
Release: 2019-12-23
ISBN 10: 9811399018
ISBN 13: 9789811399015
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plutonium Book Review:

This book provides a readable and thought-provoking analysis of the issues surrounding nuclear fuel reprocessing and fast-neutron reactors, including discussion of resources, economics, radiological risk and resistance to nuclear proliferation. It describes the history and science behind reprocessing, and gives an overview of the status of reprocessing programmes around the world. It concludes that such programs should be discontinued. While nuclear power is seen by many as the only realistic solution to the carbon emission problem, some national nuclear establishments have been pursuing development and deployment of sodium-cooled plutonium breeder reactors, and plutonium recycling. Its proponents argue that this system would offer significant advantages relative to current light water reactor technology in terms of greater uranium utilization efficiency, and that separating out the long-lived plutonium and other transuranics from spent fuel and fissioning them in fast reactors would greatly reduce the duration of the toxicity of radioactive waste. However, the history of efforts to deploy this system commercially in a number of countries over the last six decades has been one of economic and technical failure and, in some cases, was used to mask clandestine nuclear weapon development programs. Covering topics of significant public interest including nuclear safety, fuel storage, environmental impact and the spectre of nuclear terrorism, this book presents a comprehensive analysis of the issue for nuclear engineers, policy analysts, government officials and the general public. "Frank von Hippel, Jungmin Kang, and Masafumi Takubo, three internationally renowned nuclear experts, have done a valuable service to the global community in putting together this book, which both historically and comprehensively covers the “plutonium age” as we know it today. They articulate in a succinct and clear manner their views on the dangers of a plutonium economy and advocate a ban on the separation of plutonium for use in the civilian fuel cycle in view of the high proliferation and nuclear-security risks and lack of economic justification." (Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General, International Atomic Energy Agency (1997-2009), Nobel Peace Prize (2005)) "The 1960s dream of a ‘plutonium economy’ has not delivered abundant low-cost energy, but instead has left the world a radioactive legacy of nuclear weapons proliferation and the real potential for nuclear terrorism. Kang, Takubo, and von Hippel explain with power and clarity what can be done to reduce these dangers. The governments of the remaining countries whose nuclear research and development establishments are still pursuing the plutonium dream should pay attention.” (Senator Edward Markey, a leader in the US nuclear-disarmament movement as a member of Congress since 1976) "The authors have done an invaluable service by putting together in one place the most coherent analysis of the risks associated with plutonium, and the most compelling argument for ending the practice of separating plutonium from spent fuel for any purpose. They have given us an easily accessible history of the evolution of thinking about the nuclear fuel cycle, the current realities of nuclear power around the world and, arguably most important, a clear alternative path to deal with the spent fuel arising from nuclear reactors for decades to centuries to come." (Robert Gallucci, Chief US negotiator with North Korea (1994); Dean, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service (1996-2009); President, MacArthur Foundation (2009-2014))